Islamic Dress Code According To The Sunnah

[By The Majlis]

Bismillah Hirrahmaan Nirraheem

Contents

THE BAROMETER OF IMAAN

THE STYLE OF RASULULLAH’S GARMENT

THE TROUSERS

THE REASON  CATEGORIC

PROHIBITION

THE AHADITH

COMMENT 

THE THRUST

PRIDE

THE HIDDEN DISEASE

HADHRAT ABU BAKR

IMAAM SHAAFI

THE ACTUAL POSITION

THE FACTORS

ISLAMIC HEADGEAR

NECK TIE – SYMBOL OF SHIRK

SYMBOL OF SHIRK

DRESS FOR SALAAT

DIVINE PRESENCE

GARMENTS FOR SALAAH 

IMPORTANCE

BASELESS ARGUMENTS

RASULULLAH’S KURTAH

ISLAMIC DRESS – A SYMBOL OF ISLAM

THE STYLE OF  RASULULLAH’S GARMENT

       ……………………………………..

THE BAROMETER OF IMAAN

Choice of dress style is the effect of Imaan and kufr. It is precisely for  this  reason  that  the  Fuqahaa  have  ruled  that  adoption  of kuffaar  dress-style  is kufr. The dress itself is not kufr. But the attitude of the heart which constrains a Muslim to adopt a non Muslim  dress-style is kufr since it displays a preference and a desire for something which belongs to the kuffaar. This attitude  implies that the kuffaar style is better and more  preferable than the style of the Ambiyaa, Sulaha and the Ummah. This is the attitude which exposes a Muslim to the grave danger of kufr.

Qaadhi Baidaawi (rahmatullah alaih) in his Tafseer of the Qur’aan Majeed  states:

“Verily; wearing the clothes of aliens (kuffaar), tying  a zunnaar (the holy thread of idolaters or the crucifix)  and similar other  acts have been proclaimed kufr  because the acts display (or imply) rejection (of Islam).  Most assured,  a person who has accented  the Rasool (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) will obviously not be so audacious to commit these acts.”

Leaving  aside  the  technical  argument  pertaining to  haraam and Makrooh, the question which has to be  asked is:

Why  would  a  Muslim  give  preference  to  the  dress-style  of  the kuffaar?? Why would a Muslim love to walk around with a  bare head when 124 000 Ambiyaa, 120 000 Sahaabah and the entire Ummah of Islam from the very inception of this Deen, always covered their heads with a special type of headgear which belongs exclusively to Muslims??  If  your  Nabi  (Sallallahu  Alayhi  Wasallam)  and  his Sahaabah always covered their heads, why do you who claim to be their followers, love to bare your head in public like the kuffaar do??

A question for meditation is: Whose style is it to wander around bare-headed and whose style is it to cover the head in public? The barometer of a man’s Imaan is in his dress-style. For some it is a barometer for ascertaining the very validity of Imaan, and for others a barometer to test the quality of their Imaan. At the least, kuffaar dress-style is fisq.

IS KUFFAAR DRESS, PART OF THE USWAH-E-HASANAH (BEAUTIFUL LIFE PATTERN) OF RASULULLAH SALLALLAHU ALAYHI WASALLAM, OR IS ISLAMIC DRESS PART OF THIS HOLY LIFE PATTERN??

THE STYLE OF  RASULULLAH’S GARMENT

When a modernist Muslim criticizes the dress style and appearance of Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) and the Sahaabah, we in this age in which kufr preponderates, are not surprised. Immersed in the kufr concepts and liberalism of the western kuffaar, it is just natural and logical for modernists to  denigrate every teaching of the Sunnah which conflicts with the tastes and hues of western culture. In fact, even Ulama have become so terribly desensitized with the kufr of the modernists as a consequence of their mutual association and their dubious and baseless policies of ‘hikmat‘ and diplomacy, that they (the Ulama) too have become chronic victims of the maladies of kufr and liberalism.

So while we cannot be surprised when modernists criticize, mock and sneer at the dress styles and appearance of Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) and his Sahaabah, there is not only surprise but shock when molvis  —products of Darul Ulooms –  who purport to be followers of the Ulama of the Sunnah, resort to labyrinthal arguments in order to justify styles which are in conflict with not only the practical example of the Nabi, but in diametric opposition to his explicit statements of prohibition pertaining to certain dress styles.

THE TROUSERS

Every  molvi  is  aware  or  should  be  aware  that  ALL  the  Books  of Hadith contain  many authentic ahadith clearly explaining the style of Rasulullah’s izaar. There is absolutely no difference of opinion among any of the innumerable authorities of the Shariah from the very inception of Islam that Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) and his Sahaabah always wore their izaar and trousers above their ankles.

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In  addition  to their practical example, Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) and the Sahaabah verbally propagated in explicit terms the prohibition of wearing the trousers below the  ankles. This style is  completely unrelated to age and time. There was no incumbency of the era to wear the trousers in this manner nor were there any physical or geographic restraints or factors which compelled the adoption of this style. On the contrary, the age and the people of the time demanded that the trousers be worn  below the ankles in exactly the same way as modernists, kuffaar and Muslim ashamed of the Sunnah Culture are advocating today.

THE REASON

In order to accommodate the liberal fancies of  the western kuffaar, molvis in this age of corruption, have hooked onto a legless and baseless argument to justify, propagate and even praise the kaafir style of wearing the trousers below the ankles—a style which is in clear opposition to the style and command of Rasulullah (sallallahu  alayhi wasallam).

The modernist molvis of the liberal cult of westernism are arguing that the reason for the prohibition to wear the trousers below the ankles was pride.  Their argument goes that on account of pride, the style was prohibited.  But if  there is no pride then wearing the trousers below the ankles is permissible, in fact commendable by implication of their baseless  and  satanic  arguments  which they voice over their radio channels.

Why is it haraam for a Muslim to wear a crucifix around his neck or arm? Why should it be haraam for a Muslim to keep a small idol of Bhagwan or Buddha in his pocket or display it in his home. Why should this be haraam if the Muslim concerned has no beliefs of shirk or kufr. He simply regards these items as ‘artifacts’ and symbols of ‘history’. He does not believe in these idols. He does not worship them. But we can claim without fear of contradiction that even the modernist molvis have as yet not descended to the level of corruption which  will constrain than to say that keeping such idols is permissible if the reason is not shirk/worship. Although this is still the case presently, we know that there will soon come a time when keeping and admiring even these  instruments of shirk and kufr will be justified and made legal by the presentation of the argument that the reason for the initial prohibition was the belief of shirk which had not yet been completely eradicated from the hearts of the new converts to Islam.

CATEGORIC PROHIBITION

When  the  Shariah  categorically  prohibits  an  act  or  practice,  the prohibition will endure regardless of the reason for which it was initially prohibited.  Reciting  the  qira’t  jahran  (aloud)  in Zuhr and Asr was prohibited initially on account of a particular reason which soon after the prohibition no longer existed. But inspite of the disappearance of the reason for the prohibition, the hukm of Sirri (silent) recitation will endure until the day of Qiyaamah.

Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) said that he who plays chess is like one who has dipped his fingers in the blood of a swine. Surely there was a cogent reason for this stern prohibition. Now, regardless of whether that reason exists  in some cases or not, the prohibition of playing chess will remain until the day of Qiyaamah. In fact, the prohibition has been taken further by the Fuqaha (the  Authorities of the Shariah). This prohibition has been extended to all similar games of the kuffaar.

THE AHADITH

We shall now present the relevant authentic Ahadith on the issue of the trousers below and above the ankles and then proceed to further refute and negate the utterly baseless and devious arguments tendered by modernists  molvis to beguile the Ummah.

(1)  Abu Hurairah (Radhiyallahu anhu) narrates: Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) said: “Whatever of the garment is below the ankles will be in the  Fire (of Jahannum).” (Bukhaari)

(2)  Ibn Umar (Radhiyallahu anhu) narrates: “Verily the Nabi (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) said: Whoever hangs his garment in pride, Allah will not look at him (with mercy) on the day of Qiyaamah.” (Bukhaari and Muslim)

(3) Abu  Saeed  al-Kudri  (Radhiyallahu  anhu)  narrates:  “I  heard Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) saying: The izaar of the Mu’min is halfway on the forelegs (i.e.midway between the knees and the ankles). There is no sin on him  in that which is between it and the ankles. And, whatever is below this is in the  Fire (of Jahannum). He (Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) repeated this statement) three times, and he said: Allah will not look (with mercy) at the  person who hangs his izaar in pride.” (Abu Dawood and Ibn Maajah)

(4)  Ibn Umar (radhiyallahu anhu) narrates: “I passed by Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) while my trousers was hanging (i.e.  below the ankles). He  then exclaimed: 0 Abdullah! Raise your izaar. I then raised it (a bit). Then he  (Rasulullah-  sallallahu alayhi wasallam) said: Raise it more! I then raised it more. Thereafter I was always conscious of it” Some people asked: “Until where (did you raise it)?” He (Ibn Umar) said: “Until midway of the foreleg.”  (Muslim)
(5)  Ubaid Bin Khaalid (radhiyallahu anhu) narrates: While I was walking in Madinah, (I heard) someone behind me say: “Raise your izaar! Verily it (raising  the  garment)  is  better  for  piety and preservation (of the garment).”  I then looked behind and observed that it was Rasulullah (sallallahu  alayhi wasallam). I then said: O Rasulullah! It is a simple (of inferior quality and price) garment. Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) commented: “What, is there not for you in me an example (to follow)?”  When I looked (at Rasulullah’s garment), his izaar was midway on his forelegs.” (Tirmizi)

(6)  Salmah  Bin  Akwa’  (radhiyallahu  anhu)  narrates:  “Uthmaan (radhiyallahu anhu) would wear his trousers midway on his forelegs, and he would say: ”So  was  the  izaar  of  my  Companion,  i.e.  Nabi  (sallallahu  alayhi wasallam).”  (Tirmizi)

(7)  Huzaifah  Bin  Yamaan  (radhiyallahu  anhu)  narrates:  Rasulullah (sallallahu  alayhi wasallam) took hold of the flesh of my foreleg  (or of his foreleg) and said: ‘This is the location for the izaar. If you are not satisfied (with this position),  then a bit lower. And if you are still not satisfied, than know that the izaar has  no right in the ankles.” (Tirmizi)

Commenting on these Hadith narrations, Hadhrat Shaikh Muhammad Zakariyya (rahmatullah alayh) writes:

“Severe warnings have been recorded for wearing the lungi, trousers, etc. below the ankles. That section (below the ankles) on which the garment hangs will be burnt in the Fire  (of Jahannum). In view of this type (of severe) warnings (of punishment) in the ahadith, special attention should be paid to this  matter. But, on the contrary in our age, the garments are specially (i.e.  intentionally) worn below the ankles. To Allah does  the complainer  (register his complaint).”

COMMENT

Inspite of the many unambiguous ahadith explicitly prohibiting the kuffaar style of wearing the trousers below the ankles, molvis in this age are  devoting  special  time on their radio channels to negate what Rasulullah (sallallahu  alayhi wasallam) has commanded.

THE THRUST

Any level-headed and unbiased Muslim in search of the truth will understand after a perusal of the aforementioned ahadith that wearing the trousers below the ankles is haraam.

In Hadith No. 5, Ubaid Bin Khaalid (radhiyallahu anhu) was wearing his garment below his ankles. He was walking in the streets of Madinah. When  Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) ordered him to raise his izaar above the  ankles. In this Hadith, Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) presented two reasons for wearing the trousers above the ankles in this style (of the Sunnah), is greater piety in view of the fact that it firstly is in conflict with the style of the kuffaar. Secondly, when a Muslim consciously abstains from emulating the  style of the kuffaar, he rises in rank of taqwa. Following the method of  Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) is an incumbent requirement of Taqwa,  hence he said that wearing the trousers above the ankles is ‘atqaa‘ (more  pious).  It thus flows from this reasoning presented by Nabi-e-Kareem (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) that wearing the garment below the ankles is not in conformity with taqwa. Whether we understand the relationship between this style and taqwa is of no significance.  Since Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) has offered this explanation, it is the fardh duty of every Mu’min to  blindly accept it.

The second argument which Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) presented for his command to wear the garment above the  ankles is that this style is  ‘abqaa’ for the garment. In other words the garment will be better preserved  against the dirt and filth of the road and in this way be better protected. The Mu’min’s trousers should not serve the function of the street-sweeper.

It is significant that in this Hadith, Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) did not tender the argument of pride. Since he was aware that the Sahaabi was not wearing his garment below the ankles on account of pride, he did not mention pride on this occasion. However, when the Sahaabi did not understand the  argument, Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) broached the subject from  another angle. He asked: “Is my example and way not sufficient?” In other words, for the Mu’min the acts, practices and example of the Rasool are more than adequate. There is no need to search  for reasons and wisdoms for the ahkaam (laws of the Deen).  The  example  of  Rasulullah  (sallallahu  alayhi  wasallam)  is compulsorily  imposed  on  Muslims  by  the  Qur’aan  Majeed.  There is no need to look elsewhere and further than this. It thus does not behove a  Muslim, least of all a learned man, to dig out technicalities and by distortion present these in justification of the endeavour to negate the style and custom of Rasulullah (sallallahu  alayhi wasallam).

In Hadith No. 6 Hadhrat Uthmaan (Radhiyallahu anhu), the third Khalifah, long  after  the  demise  of  Rasulullah  (sallallahu  alayhi  wasallam) commented on the practice of wearing the trousers above the ankles. Everyone knows and  accepts that he had no pride. If the order to wear the trousers above the ankles was based on pride, Hadhrat Uthmaan and all the Sahaabah would not have  been so meticulous in observing this injunction. They would have worn their trousers below their ankles since they were bereft of pride. They had attained  the loftiest heights in the reformation of the nafs. There were no better, no more  pious and no humbler community on earth than the Sahaabah who were  thoroughly purified of all spiritual maladies by Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam). Yet, inspite of their high stage of humility, they adhered meticulously to the style of Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam).

Everyone who has studied a bit of the history of the Sahaabah, is aware that  Hadhrat Ibn Umar (radhiyallahu anhu) was such a staunch and ardent follower  of the minutest details of the Sunnah, that people believed that he would  become insane. Pride was never the reason for him  having  worn  his  trousers  below  his  ankles.  When  Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) saw this, he  commanded him to raise his garment midway between the knees and the ankles.  The issue of pride never featured in his wearing his trousers below his ankles  nor in the argument of Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) on the occasion when he issued his instruction to this devotee of  the Sunnah.

PRIDE

In some narrations the reason for wearing the trousers below the ankles is stated as pride. While this was the actual reason in those times for this prohibited style, it was not always the case  with everyone who would wear his trousers below his ankles. Hence, we find Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) issuing stern warnings and threats of the punishment of the Fire for those  who wear their trousers in the fashion of the proud people. So whether one wears the trousers below the ankles for the sake of pride or not, one is undoubtedly, imitating the style of the proud ones and the style of the kuffaar.  Imitating the kuffaar by itself is a factor of prohibition.

THE HIDDEN DISEASE

Now the question to be asked is: Why would a molvi advocate a style which Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) had prohibited. He did not only  present pride as the reason for the prohibition. So why is there so much concern to negate a Sunnah style?? Leaving aside the technical questions and academic rulings, it can be simply understood that the permanent practice and style of Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) and his Sahaabah were to wear their garments above the ankles, not below their ankles.

That wearing the  trousers above the ankles is an irrefutable Sunnah practice  will be acknowledged by all Muslims, even the modernists and the liberal  molvis. On the assumption that it is not haraam to wear the trousers below the  ankles, then too, why should Muslims who claim to love Rasulullah (sallallahu  alayhi wasallam) have a desire to scuttle this Sunnah practice and in its place  follow the style of the kuffaar?? Whose style is it to wear the trousers above the ankles?? And, whose style is it to wear it below the ankles??  What does the Imaan  of a Mu’min demand, follow the style of Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) or the style of the kuffaar?? Why is there such a strong aversion in the ranks of the Muslims for the style of Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam)?? What  goes on in the heart of a molvi who advocates a style abhorred by Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam)?? Surely there must be some hidden  disease (mardh)  lurking  somewhere  in  such  a  heart.  It is inconceivable that a  Mu’min of healthy Imaan will ever stoop so low as to scrape the very bottom of the barrel of spiritual corruption. Remember that to negate a preference of Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam), to feel ashamed of the style of Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) and to present  devious  arguments  to  distort  and  deny  what  Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) had commanded, are worse than consuming liquor, worse than fornication and worse than all the major sins put together. Such an attitude is kufr.

HADHRAT ABU BAKR

The solitary narration which the denigrators of Rasulullah’s practice are able to produce as ‘evidence’ is the Hadith in which it is mentioned that Rasulullah (sallallahu  alayhi wasallam) allowed Hadhrat Abu Bakr (radhiyallahu anhu) to wear his garment below his ankles. To present this Hadith in substantiation of the claim, the aim of which is to negate the style  of Rasulullah (sallallahu  alayhi wasallam), is ludicrous and utterly baseless.

The Hadith in question is very clear as for the reason of the permission granted  to  Hadhrat  Abu  Bakr  (radhiyallahu  anhu)  who  was highly perturbed by his inability to maintain his garment above his ankles. He therefore, discussed this matter with Nabi-e-Kareem (sallallahu  alayhi wasallam). Hadhrat Abu Bakr (Radhiyallahu anhu) was a man with a  big stomach. Inspite of all his efforts to keep his garment in place, he failed. His  garment would repeatedly slide down over his ankles. The Hadith in question explicitly mentions this fact. In view of this condition and his inability to retain his garment in position above his ankles, he was exempted  from the prohibition. But he had a valid reason. What valid reason do the modernists and the liberal molvis have?? There are always exceptions to general rules. But the exceptions do not cancel out the law or  the rule. The  rule remains in place. Furthermore, why do the scoffers of Rasulullah’s style cast a blind eye to all the ahadith of prohibition and cling onto this solitary narration which in no way negates the prohibition stated  so  emphatically in the other narrations??

IMAAM SHAAFI

Like a drowning man, the modernist molvi tries to cling to every floating straw that passes his way. Entirely bereft of proper Shar’i arguments to bolster his corrupt view and enmity for Rasulullah’s dress style, the molvi claims  that  according  to  Imaam  Shaafi  (Rahmatullah  alayh)  it  is permissible to wear the trousers below the ankles.

Let us for a moment assume that what the molvi tendered is correct. The question now is: Why does the Hanafi molvi resort to a view of Imaam Shaafi (Rahmatullah alayh), especially on an issue for which there is absolutely no need to adopt the view of another Math-hab?? If it was a critical issue or an emergency or some urgent need, then in terms of the principles of the Hanafi Math-hab, a pious and experienced Mufti will have  the right to issue a Fatwa on the basis of one of the other Mathhabs among the Four Math-habs. But in this case of wearing the trousers, there is absolutely no such expediency.

When a Hanafi molvi ignores the views and fatwas of  the authorities of his  own Mathhab and clings to an opinion of another Math-hab, it follows that there is no flexibility for his baseless view in his own Mathhab, hence he had to look elsewhere for aid. His act in itself is sufficient testimony for the  claim that according to the Hanafi Fuqaha and Ulama and Auliya, wearing  the trousers below the ankles is haraam.

THE ACTUAL POSITION

The liberal molvi claims that according to Imaam Shaafi (rahmatullah alayh) wearing the trousers below the ankles is permissible. His claim is baseless. Imaam Shaafi does not say that “it is permissible”. According to  the Shaafi Math-hab there are different degrees of prohibition for the style  of wearing the trousers below the ankles. Explaining this, Imaam Nawawi (a Shaafi authority) states in his Sharhul Muslim:

“It is not permissible to hang the garment below the ankles if it is for pride. If it is for a reason other than pride it is Makrooh.  The Mustahab requirement is midway of the calfs (the forelegs)  as it is stated in the Hadith of Ibn Umar. Midway of the forelegs is Mustahab. Below this limit until the ankles is permissible without it being Makrooh. What descends below the ankles is Mamnoo’ (prohibited). If it is for pride, then the prohibition is of the haraam category  (i.e.  Makrooh Tahrimi). And, if it is not for pride, the prohibition is of the tanzihi category (i.e.  Makrooh Tanzihi).”

Makrooh Tanzihi does not mean ‘permissible’. It remains a detestable act in the Shariah. In fact, persistence on a Makrooh Tanzihi act  transforms it into Makrooh Tahrimi which is sinful and a punishable offence. It makes a man a faasiq. Clutching at straws is not Shar’i evidence for a claim.

THE FACTORS

From the aforegoing explanation it will be understood that there are several factors  for the prohibition of wearing the garment below the ankles:

(a) It is the style of the kuffaar. Whoever imitates the kuffaar becomes of them.

(b) It is the way of the mutakabbireen (proud people). So whether one has  pride or not, is immaterial. The fact that the mutakabbireen’s style is  adopted is in itself a grave sin.

(c) The opposite style (wearing above the ankles) is ‘atqaa‘ and abqaa‘ according to Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam).

(d)  Wearing the garment above the ankles is part of the Uswah-e-Hasanah  (Beautiful Life Pattern) of Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam). The Qur’aan commands adoption of this Sunnah.

(e)  The trousers has no haqq (right) on the ankles according to the explicit pronouncement of Rasulullah (sallallahu  alayhi wasallam).

(f)  What is below the ankles will be in the Fire of Jahannum.

In view of all these factors of prohibition, the arguments of the modernist and liberal molvis have absolutely no validity. These molvis should also understand that in airing their liberal, modernist and baatil views, they do not have the support of a single one of our Akaabir Ulama. Our advice is that they should utilize their radio channels constructively to aid the Deen,  not to breakdown Islam and its Culture, for then, there will be absolute  justification for branding their organs of transmission as radio shaitaan and  channel shaitaan.

ISLAMIC HEADGEAR

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Style of dress is among the salient features (Sha-aair) of Islam. The Shariah accords great prominence to a Muslim’s way of dress. Detailed rules enacted by the great rulers of Islam among the Sahaabah, Taabieen and- their followers illustrate the emphasis which Islam lays on the dress of  a Mu’min.

Among the prohibited factors pertaining to dress is the emulation of non-Muslim dress styles.  In all ages of Islam such emulation has been regarded as among the major  (kabaair) sins. Tashabbuh bil kuffaar (emulating the kuffaar) is an evil with far reaching effect on the heart of a Muslim. Hence, Rasulullah (sallallahu  alayhi wasallam) said:

“Whoever emulates a people becomes of them.”

In this article we propose to discuss one particular aspect of Islamic dressing, viz., headgear. In these times of intense ,kufr and dhalaal, when many Muslims have sacrificed their intelligence to become slaves of western  culture, there is a great desire among modernists to abandon the wearing of Islamic headgear. Among the styles of Islamic headgear is the popular topee which innumerable millions of Muslims have donned over the past centuries  of Islamic history. Now  in this belated century modernists are at pains to  discard this compulsory dress-style of Islam. Fallacious arguments are  fabricated to deceive innocent and unwary people  into  accepting  that  the  topee  or  Islamic  headgear has no relevance in the Shariah.

It  should be understood that the ways and styles of Islam did not originate  from dubious sources nor were its originators non-entities as are the votaries of western styles. Furthermore, Islamic dress-styles were inherited by the Ummah from generation to generation. Each successive generation obtained its Islamic dress-style from its preceding generation. In this way  the chain links up with the Sahaabah who disseminated nothing other than the Sunnah of Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam). Headgear in Islam is  not a new development The villifier of the topi must present his proof toindicate the point in time in Islamic history when this headgear became an  accredited Islamic head-dress. If he contends that the topi has no Islamic relevance, let him prove his case with Islamic facts and Shar’i proofs. The assertion that many people presently in the Middle East pray without headgear is not Shar’i evidence for the fallacy that the topi has no Islamic status. What is presently being perpetrated in Muslim countries  cannot  becited  as  Islamic evidence for a claim. Only an ignoramus who suffers from colossal ignorance will advance such puerile and ludicrous ‘proof for his claim. When the weight of Islamic practice of the past fourteen hundred years upholds Islamic headgear as an integral and  incumbent  part  of  a  Muslim’s chess, then by what stretch of intelligent reasoning can any  Muslim decry and villify such head-dress? When all the illustrious authorities of Islam from the time of the Sahaabah emphasised the donning of headgear, not only for Salaat, but at all times, then it is only necessary to dismiss with contempt the arguments against the topi blustered out by the  enemies of the Sunnah of Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam).

The topi is the head-dress which distinguishes a Muslim from a non- Muslim. The importance of this headgear is amply illustrated by the following  command  of  Rasulullah  (sallallahu  alayhi wasallam):“The difference between us and the mushrikeen  is turbans on top of qalaanis (topis).”

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Even mushrikeen were in the habit of donning turbans. Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) detested resemblance with them. Emulating non-Muslims is forbidden by Islam, hence Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) ordered that Muslims wear topis under their turbans even though  the topis are totally concealed and not visible from under the turbans. Even the style of headgear which the Muslim adopts should not resemble the  head-dress of the kuffaar, hence Shaikhul Islam Zakariyya (rahmatullah  alayh) states:

“In our  time it is not permissible to  wear green and yellow turbans” (Husnus Siyar of Dimyaati Shaafi).

Since green and yellow turbans were among the particular dress-styles of the Yahood and Nasaara of that time, the authorities of the Shariah banned  the wearing  of such turbans so that Muslims do not violate the Shar’I  prohibition of emulating kuffaar. The following verdict appears in Fataawa  Khaazin and Fataawa Hindiyah:

“A man will be proclaimed a kaafir for adopting the head-dress of the Majoos (fire-worshippers).”

The following verdict appears in the famous Maaliki Kitaab, Mukhtasarul Khaleel:

“A Muslim will be proclaimed a kaafir if he wears the hat of the Nasaara.”

Strutting about bare-headed is undoubtedly the style of western man who has discarded the norms  of true civilization.  It has never been the style of  any Muslim community, anywhere in the world, right from the time of  Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) to emerge in public with bare-heads.  One  who  walks  around  bare-headed  is  mardoodushshahaadah, i.e. his testimony in an Islamic court is not  admissible. Those Muslims  who  are  desirous  of  abandoning  the  Islamic  topi  are undoubtedly influenced by western fashions and styles. The fact that they have opted for a kaafir style  at the expense of an Islamic style—a style which the Ummah has always accepted speaks volumes for their way of  thinking. It points to the  direction in which their hearts have inclined. Overtly they proclaim them-selves to be Muslims while covertly their hearts are saturated with love for  the styles of kufr. But, Allah Ta’ala warns them:

“Do not incline towards  the zaalimoon.”

Inclining towards the kuffaar is banned by Islam in all aspects. A Muslim is not allowed to unnecessarily adopt the ways, methods, institutions and styles of the kuffaar. Islam demands head-dress—Islamic head-dress—for its adherents. Western modernity demands a bare-head in order to confirm  to  western  standards  of  dress,  the  westernized  Muslim conjectures the most  baseless arguments to bolster his case against the ways of Islam. This  attitude borders on kufr and threaten the Imaan of such deviated modernists. Clarifying the Islamic ban of tashabbuh bil kuffaar, Hadhrat Umar  (radhiyallahu anhu) despatched a detailed decree to  the Muslims of  Aazarbaijaan. Among the many prohibitions contained in  this Decree the following appears:

“The dress of your father Ismaa-il (alayhis salaam) is incumbent on you. Beware of the luxuries and the styles of the Ajam (non Arabs).”

Allaamah Ibn Hajar Haithami (rahmatullah alayh), in his Kitaab Azzawaa- jir an Iqtiraafil Kabaa-ir, records the following narration of Muhaddith Maalik Bin Dinaar (rahmatullah alayh):

“Allah revealed to one of his Nabis: Say to your nation: Do not wear the garments of My enemies for then you  will  become My enemies like they are my enemies.”

In  Tafseer  Ma-aariful  Qur’aan  Hadhrat  Mufti  Muhammad  Shafi (rahmatullah alayhi) the then Grand Mufti of Pakistan, explains in the exposition of the aayat:

“O!  The  Sons  of  Aadam!  Adopt  your  beauty  at  the  time  of every Salaat” (Aayat 31 Surah A’raaf)

“From this aayat it is obvious that just as the compulsion of concealing the satr  is  based  on  the  command in this verse, so too is based the significance  and merit of donning good and clean garments according to one’s means and  ability. Since only concealment of the satr is not adequate for Salaat, but the adoption of zeenat (beauty) is also commanded, therefore it will be Makrooh for a man to perform Salaat bare-head, bared shoulders and exposed elbows, whether he has donned short-sleeved shirt or has rolled up his sleeves.”

Islamic headgear is an integral part of the Sunnah, so much so, that a turban  will  be  described  as  Islamic  only  if  it is worn on top of a qalansawah (topi). Abandoning this Sunnah is a sign of Imaani disaster. It is indicative of the  Muslim’s drift from Seeraatul Mustaqeem. There can be no other meaning for a Muslim who detests or regards as insignificant and unimportant the donning of Islamic headgear. While abandonement of any Sunnah invites  the Wrath and Curse of Allah Ta’ala, adoption of the Sunnah brings in its  wake great rewards and creates vitality and Noor in the heart of the Mu’min.  In this regard, Rasulullah {sallallahu alayhi wasallam) said:

“Whoever protects my Sunnah, Allah honours him with four qualities: He  becomes  endeared  to  pious  people,  evil  people  fear  him, increase in  Rizq and steadfastness in Deen” 

In Al-I’tisaam, Imaam Zuhri (rahmatullah  alayh) narrates that Imaam Maa-lik (rahmatullah alayh) said: “The  Sunnah  is  like a ship.  He who embarks on it is saved while be  who  remains  behind  (stranded  in  the  ocean)  will  drown.”

Thus, those who have adopted the process of abandoning the Sunnah will soon find themselves drowning in the raging ocean of kufr, immorality and baatil. Diversion from the Deen and abandonement of the Sunnah is an  incremental process. It commences with the  abandonment  of the Aadaab (etiquettes), progressing to the abandonment of Mustahab acts, then deteriorating to the  abandonment  of Sunnatul Muakkadah, then Waajib acts and finally it leads to the neglect of Fardh acts.

One’s very Imaan is exposed to the gravest dangers by the abandonment of  Sunnat acts. Such abandonment leads to the total distintergration of Taqwa  and Imaan. For this reason it is most dangerous for Muslims to view Islamic headgear as an insignificant item. Nothing in the Deen and Sunnah is  insignificant. Every act of the Sunnah, be it an Adab or a Mustahab act is  of great importance for the acquisition of the Pleasure of Allah Ta’ala.  Every Mustahab act being part of Rasulullah’s (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) Uswah Hasanah (beautiful example)plays a vital role in the rising stages of Taqwa. Of such importance is Islamic headgear and all other aspects of the Sunnah that the authorities of the Shariah  have ruled:

“Using a Miswaak is Sunnat, but rejection of thefact that the Miswaak is Sunnat, is kufr.”

The  Qur’aan  Majeed  commands  Muslims  to  adopt  the  Sunnah  of Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) and to refrain from every act which the Nabi  (sallallahu alayhi wasallam} has forbidden:

“Whatever the Rasool has given to yon, take hold of it and  whatever he has forbidden you of refrain therefrom.” 

The Rasool has given us the way of dress which includes the Islamic  headgear. We are bound by the Qur’aanic command to adopt it and uphold  it. He has forbidden us from emulating the kuffaar. Muslims are, therefore,  under Qur’aanic obligation to abhor and refrain from the styles of the kuffaar. There is no gainsaying that a bare-head is among the styles of the  kuffaar. To strut about without headgear is undoubtedly the way of the  kuffaar, especially the libertine western kuffaar. A Muslim in whose heart  is embedded Islam cannot find pleasure in the adoption of a style of the  kuffaar. Every kufr emulation necessitates abandonment of a Sunnat. Thus, by adopting the kaafir style of walking about bare-headed and entering the Musjid bare- headed,  the  Sunnah  style  of  Islamic  headgear  is  abandoned. Like kuffaar enter their places of worship bare-headed and like the kuffaar  attach no significance to headgear, so too does the westernized Muslim who  follows in the footsteps of the enemies of Allah Ta’ala. In opposing the  Command of Allah Ta’ala, viz. the Sunnah, Muslims are invoking the  chastisement of Allah Ta’ala Who says in  the Qur’aan Shareef:

“Those  who  oppose  His Command should fear a disaster reaching them or that a painful punishment will overtake them.”

Spelling out the calamity of confrontation with Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi  wasallam), the Qur’aan Majeed says: “Whoever opposes the Rasool after the guidance (of Shariah) has been made dear for him and he then follows a path which is not the way of the Mu’mineen, then we shall allow him to do as he pleases. And We shall cast him into Jahannam. Indeed it is an evil place.”

It is significant and noteworthy that in this aayat, the Qur’aan-e-Hakeem describes ‘opposition to the Rasool’ as being a path other than the path of  the  Mu’mineen.  Thus,  any  practice which the Mu’mineen have inherited from the Salf-e-Saaliheen is in  fact the Sunnah. An item of this practice is the Islamic headgear. Discarding this important item of Islamic dress is in fact  a path other than the path of the Mu’mineen. The Path of the  Mu’mineen  is  given  authority  and  Divine  sanction  in  the aforementioned Qur’aanic Aayat in view of the fact that it stems from the teachings, of the Sahaabah who were the first and the most authoritative expounders and upholders of the Sunnah. Diversion from this path of the Mu’mineen leads to Jahannum  according to the Qur’aan.

In the sphere of Islamic belief and practice, the Path of The Mu’mineen cannot be ignored. The Qur’aan Shareef explicitly declares Jahannum to be  the consequence of adopting a path other than the Path of The Mu’mineen. While all Muslims who truly believe in Allah, His Rasool and the  Divine  Law  are  Mu’mineen,  the  uppermost  echelons  of  The Mu’mineen are, undoubtedly the Sahaabah, the Taabieen and the Tab-eTaabieen  The  Mu’mineen of these three noble eras, described by Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) as the Khairul Quroon (the Noblest Ages), are undoubtedly the first of the Ummah whom we have to emulate and whose Path the  Qur’aan commands us to follow. Islamic headgear has come to us from  these illustrious Mu’mineen whose Path can be abandoned only at the peril  of Imaan.

In the satanic conspiracy to wean Muslims away from the Sunnah and Islam itself, the liberal influences of the western kuffaar are adopted in degrees. In  the initial stage of diversion from the Sunnah, the Muslim simply abandons  his  Islamic headgear in public, at home and on the streets. Still believing  that such headgear is necessary for only Salaat, its importance is diminished for other occasions and as a permanent item of Islamic dress. Later, when  his outlook has changed on account of having become habituated to strut  around bare-headed in public and he has become sufficiently audacious by  virtue of his Imaani conscience and Deeni convictions becoming paralysed,  he rebelliously steps into the Musjid without Islamic Headgear and in  this  abominable way performs his Salaat without even realizing that he has  despoiled the value of his Salaat. Salaat performed without headgear is  Makrooh. Such Salaat has to be compulsorily repeated within the confines  of the time. If it has not been repeated within the confines of that particular Salaat, the Fardh (i.e. the obligation) while having been discharged, is short of its rewards and blessings.  Such  defective  discharge  of  such  an  important  and fundamental institution of Islam will undoubtedly have far reaching consequences for Muslims in both this transitory world and in the   Aakhirah.

From the above mentioned discussion it will be clear that dress-style is of vital  importance  for  the  Muslim.  It  is  essential  for  his  spiritual development that the Muslim differentiates himself from non-Muslims by even his external appearance. His external appearance must testify that he is a  Muslim. A Muslim dressed in the style of the kuffaar cannot be recognised  as a Muslim by another Muslim who is not acquainted with him. A  Muslim  in western garb and western appearance can reasonably be mistaken for a  kaafir and he (the imitator of the kuffaar) is solely responsible for such a  serious mistake committed genuinely. In so far as the Shariah is concerned,  the topi or  any Islamic head-dress is essential for a Muslim in Salaat as well  as at all times. The arguments of the denigrators of the topi arise from kufr mentality and should be dismissed with contempt.

NECK TIE  –  SYMBOL OF SHIRK

In Pakistan and other Muslim countries there appears no justification to hang on to the western dress in utter disregard of our own graceful costumes and derive a false sense of elevation with a rope around our neck  (necktie). The necktie is designed by the Christian world as a sign of the  Cross symbolizing Jesus’s crucifixion and thus is an insignia of the Christian faith.

Extract from Muslims in Alien Society, by Muhammad Samiullah of Pakistan In the footnotes of this book, the author presents the following information on the necktie:

“The practice of the necktie started at the insistence of the Pope in 1700. By 1850 all Christian nations had accepted and implemented this order of the Pope……..Necktie in reality is a symbol of the cross.” (Dr Akhtar Ali, Qaumi Tashakh-khus, pages 5-6)

Towards the end of the 19th century the Europeans omitted from dictionaries and encyclopedias the introductory phase about the necktie, that it is a symbol of the cross….lf one looks at the dictionaries and encyclopaedias  printed before 1898 one will find clear indication of the cross-symbol relationship in the meaning of the necktie/ (Ehsan Qureshi Sabri, Daily  Nawa-e-Waqat) (THE MAJLIS VOL.8 NO.6)

SYMBOL OF SHIRK

(Hadhrat Mufti Muhammad Shafi)

Acts which are considered to be signs and salient features of shirk, also fall  within the scope of shirk (polytheism). This is borne out by the command of Rasulullah (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) when he saw Hadhrat Adi Bin  Hatim (radhiallahu anhu) with the crucifix around his neck. Hadhrat Adi who had converted to Islam from Christianity, once came into the presence  of Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) with the crucifix around his  neck. Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) commanded:

“Remove this idol from your neck”
At this time Hadhrat Adi’s belief was already purified. He did not believe any longer in the cross. (The wearing of the crucifix was merely by force of  habit). However, Rasulullah (sallallahu  alayhi wasallam) ordered its removal.  He considered it important to command abstention from displaying even  the external symbols of shirk. But, alas! Today, thousands of Muslims are, in defiance and audacity, donning this very symbol of the crucifix (viz., the necktie), thus making them guilty of the crime of shirk. [THE MAJLIS VOL 9 NO. 12]

One may well consider the claim of the tie being a form of the crucifix as being ludicrous, but consider the following:

The neck tie was designed by the Christian world as a sign of the Cross symbolising Jesus’s (Eesa AJS.)  crucifixion  and is an insignia of the Christian Faith. The practice of the necktie started on the insistence of the Pope In 1790. By 1850 all Christian nations had accepted and implemented this order of the Pope”. (Extracted from Encyclopaedia Britannica), Consider also the following discovery: Towards the  end of the 19th century, the Europeans omitted from dictionaries and Encyclopaedias the Introductory phrase about the necktie being a symbol of the cross. A glance of encyclopaedias printed before 1898 will confirm this point (E. Quraishi  Sabri).

Those with any vestige of Islamic dignity and honour will immediately abandon  such  flagrant  displays  of shirk. Keep in mind the severe reprimand  of Nabi (Sallallahu alayhi wasallam) and let our love for him come to the fore. Those who derive a false sense of elevation and pride from aping the  dress of the West should consider what fools they are. They are feeling  proud about having a rope tied around their necks.
Editor. Al-Jamiat (South Africa) Nov 1995. Vol.2 No. 15

DRESS FOR SALAAT

The Qur’aan Majeed says:

“O Son’s of  Aadam, adopt your  beauty at the time of every Salaat”

The validity of Salaat requires concealment of the satr (that portion of the body which has to be compulsorily covered). The satr for males is from the navel to just over the knees which have to be concealed. If any part of the  satr is exposed, the Salaat will not be valid.

However, apart from the validity of Salaat, Allah Ta’ala requires more from  His servants when they stand in His Presence. They have to be properly,  decently and Islamically clad  as is clear from the term zeenat (beauty)  which appears in the aforegoing Qur’aanic verse. Zeenat does not refer to  only the Satr. It refers to decent and Islamic dress. Salaat performed in garments which lack Islamic decency is Makrooh (detestable) and should be repeated.

DIVINE PRESENCE

During Salaat, the servant stands in the special presence of his Creator, Allah Azza Wa Jal. He is, therefore required to adopt dignity , reverence and  respect  He  cannot  act with an indifferent attitude. He is not allowed  to be immodestly and improperly dressed when performing Salaat.  When man visits a worldly king or has to be present in a court of law  presided  over  by  a  non-Muslim  judge  or  he has to attend a conference or any  other meeting which he regards to be of importance, he adorns himself, he  dresses in his best garments to present a proper and a decent image of himself. But, some people having more respect for worldly personalities,  have no regard for the Musjid and the Divine Presence. They come dressed shabbily in jeans, T-shirts, tight-fitting pants which reveal the form of the satr and of even the satr-e-ghaleezah (i.e. of the private Parts). They come  into the Musjid for Salaat with kuffaar Tshirts decorated with stupid  emblems and slogans in emulation of the kuffaar. In Ruhul Ma’aani it is  mentioned:

When Hadhrat Hasan (radhiyallahu anhu)—the grandson of Rasulullah (sallallahu  alayhi wasallam)—engaged in Salaat, he would don his best garments. It was said to him: “O Son of Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam):  ‘Why  do  you  don  your  best  garments  He  replied: “Verily Allah is beautiful and He loves beauty. I, therefore adorn myself for my Rabb. It is He who says (in the Qur’aan) “Adopt your beauty at every Salaat.” I, therefore love to wear my most beautiful garments.”

GARMENTS FOR SALAAH

The authoritative Book of the Shariah, Badaaius Sanaa’i states that for the purposes of Salaat, garments are classified into three categories:

(1) Mustahabb (preferable) It is Mustahab to perform Salaat in three garments:

Izaar(trousers),Qamees (kurtah-long shirt) and Ridaa (outer shawl). An Amaamah (Turban) or Islamic headgear is also included. Some authorities say that it is Mustahab to have at least two garments-  an upper  and a lower garment since both concealment of the satr and zeenat are  achieved.

(2) Permissible  without  any  Karaahat  (i.e.  without  it  being abominable in  any way): Performance of Salaat in two garments— Qamees and Izaar—is  permissible since both concealment of satr and zeenat are achieved. This is also described as Mustahab by some.

(3) Makrooh (Repugnant): Performance of Salaat in a single garment, viz., in only a trousers (saraaweel) or izaar (lower cloth covering from the navel until just above the ankles) is Makrooh even though the Salaat is validly discharged. The repugnance of performing Salaat in this way is on account  of  the  prohibition  stated  by  Rasulullah  (sallallahu  alayhi wasallam)  who prohibited performance of Salaat in a single garment. In Badaaius  Sanaa it appears as follows:

“Makrooh dressing is that a man performs Salaat in one garment(viz. a lower garment) while his shoulders are bare. Although satr-e-aurah is achieved, zeenat is not. Allah Ta’ala says in the Holy Qur’aan: “O Bani Aadam adopt your zeenat at (the time of) every Salaat.” It is narrated that  someone  asked Abdullah Ibn Umar (radhiyallahu anhu) about performing  Salaat in a single garment. He responded: If I send you for some work will you walk in a single garment?” The man said: “No!” Abdullah Ibn Umar  replied: “Allah is more deserving that you beautify yourself for Him.”

Imaam Abu Hanifah (rahmatullah alayh) said: “Verily Salaat in one garment is the act of unjust (shameless) people. Salaat in detestable garments is worst than injustice, and Salaat in (two garments izaar and ridaa’  is among the noble qualities (of character).”(Badaa’i)

Mufti Muhammad Shafi says in Ma-aariful Qur’aan:  “Since, in Salaat, the only demand is not only covering of the satr, but the  command is to adopt zeenat as well, therefore it is Makrooh (abominable)  for a man to perform Salaat with bare-head or with his shoulders exposed or with elbows exposed whether it is a short-sleeved shirt or whether the sleeves are rolled up. In every case the Salaat is Makrooh.

Similarly (Salaat is Makrooh) if performed with a handkerchief tied around  the head. An intelligent man will not go in the presence of his friends and  others in this state. How then can be prefer to go into the presence of  Rabbul Aalameen in this state? The Salaat being Makrooh when performed with bare-head, bared shoulders and uncovered elbows, is substantiated on  the basis of the word zeenat mentioned in the Quraanic verse as well as  from the explicit statements of Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam)

IMPORTANCE

The importance of correct dress for Salaat is stated in Hajjatullahil Baalighah by Shah Waliullah Muhaddith Dahlawi (rahmatullah alayh):

Know that wearing of clothes distinguishes man from all animals. It is among his best conditions…. In dress is the honouring of Salaat and observance of the respects of supplication with Rabbul Aalameen. It is an original incumbency. It has been decreed a condition for the perfection of Salaat…”

The importance of dress for Salaat does not refer to the minimum satr coverage necessary for the validity of the  Salaat. The reference is to correct  dress which is such dress considered Islamically to be respectable. Thus,  garments which are not regarded as respectable in Islamic culture are  Makrooh  and  the  Salaat  too  is  rendered  Makrooh. Salaat performed with sleeves rolled up or with the elbows exposed is considered disrespectful in Islam. It is not regarded as a decent form of dress. In Ahsanul Fatawa, the following is said in this regard:

“It is Makrooh Tahrimi to perform Salaat  with sleeves rolled up without valid reason.”

Ramali has said that Makrooh in this context refers to Makrooh Tahrimi which is a sinful act. The detestibility of performing Salaat with elbows exposed is mentioned in a number of Books of Fiqh.

BASELESS ARGUMENTS

Some people claim that there is nothing wrong in performing Salaat with sleeves rolled up, with T-shirts, with tight pants and with western shirts and ties because the Shariah has defined the satr to be only from the navel to the knees. This is a childish, silly and ridiculous argument. Those who  present such baseless arguments will not go into public or to court or to  their business places with only loin cloths covering only their satr. They adorn themselves and present a stylish image, adding perfume and lotion and powder, etc. to perfect their appearance. But, for Salaat, when they have to stand in the special presence of Allah Ta’ala they are able to tolerate  hooligan appearances.

If the requirement is only to cover the satr, then why on a hot day do they not come to Musjid with only a piece of cloth covering their satr?? Why do  they not wander around the streets in this nude fashion with only their satr  covered? They refrain from such semi-nudity because they know that they  may be rushed to the madhouse.

When Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) has prohibited performance of Salaat in a single garment, it testifies that the requirement for a perfect  Salaat is not mere covering of the satr. Dress plays an important role in the perfection of Salaat. Salaat performed in the indecent dress of the kuffaar is  Makrooh and has to be repeated. Defectively discharged Salaat is flung  back into the faces of the musallis.

RASULULLAH’S KURTAH

Hadhrat Umme Salmah (radhiyallahu anhaa) narrates: “The most liked dress by Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi  wasallam) was the qamees (kurtah).” (shamaa-il Tirmizi)

Qamees is a kurtah (the upper garment-a long shirt). The Qamees which  has  the  closest  resemblance  to  the  qamees  of  Rasulullah (sallallahu  alayhi  wasallam)  and  his  Sahaabah  is  the  kurtah adopted by our senior Ulama and Auliya, namely, the Ulama of Deoband.

The  Qamees  of  Rasulullah  (sallallahu  alyahi  wasallam)  in  length reached  half  the  forelegs  (nisf-e-saaqain)—well  below the knees. It never reached the ankles. It is only the qamees (kurtah) of our Ulama  which  measure  up  to  the  dimensions  of  Rasulullah’s (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) kurtah.

The  long  shirt  worn  by  modern  Arabs  nowadays  is  a  decidedly un-lslamic  and  Haraam  garment.  The  factors of prohibition of the maxi-modern long western imitated shirt  are:

(1)  It is ankle-length and below ankle-length is Haraam

(2)  Its  shirt-like  sleeves  with  cuffs  is  in  emulation  of  the kuffaar.

Similarly, the knee and above knee-length kurtah worn by modernist molvis is also not permissible.

ISLAMIC DRESS  –  A SYMBOL OF ISLAM

Allah Ta’ala has divided mankind into two classes:

Hizbullaah (the Army of Allah) and Hisbush Shaitaan (the  Army of Shaitaan). The kuffaar-  all of them  —  are members  of the army of shaitaan. Rasulullah’ (sallallahu alayhi  wasallam) warned:

“Whoever emulates a people becomes of them.”

Muslims who emulate the ways, styles and dress of the  kuffaar should understand that in so doing, they show a  strong  preference  for the army of shaitaan. By the styles and  appearances of the kuffaar. Muslims ultimately  become  members of the army of shaitaan.

The  issue  of  imitating  the  kuffaar in their dress styles is of  such importance and off such a grave nature, that Hadhrat  Umar (radhiyallahu anhu), during his Khilaafat, issued special  instructions to his governors to prohibit tashabbuh bil  kuffaar in matters of dress and daily life. In a directive to tfae  governor of Azarbaijaan which had come under the sway of  the Islamic empire, Hadhrat Umar (radhiyallahu anhu)  commanded:

“Adopt the dress of your Father, Ismaaeel (alayhis salaam),  and beware of luxury. Wear simple, coarse and old  garments.”

Hadhrat Umar bin Abdul Azeez (rahmatullah alayh) known  as Umar The Second, wrote to his governors:

“Ban  in  your  region  the  wearing  or  the garments of the  Nasaara (Christians)…Be  firm and strict in this  regard\  Disseminate this order in written form so that it  does not remain hidden from anyone.

It has been mentioned to me that numerous among the Nasaara have returned to wearing turbans and they  have abandoned wearing  their waist-girdles (which was  exclusive to them). They have started to grow long  hair  (i.e.  they  had  abandoned  their  Nasaara  style  and had begun adopting the hair style of the Muslims who were the rulers). By Allah! If all this is happening in  your region then it is  clear evidence of your weakness.  Therefore, enforce what I have forbidden. Do not be lax in any of these things, and do not be unjust to anyone.”

Dress-style is a practice of great importance in Islam.  For this reason the Khulafa-e-Raashideen, Hadhrat Umar (radhiyallahu anhu) in particular, went to great lengths to  prevent Muslims from  adopting the dress-styles of non-Muslims and vice-versa as it is clear, from the  directive mentioned above issued by Hadhrat Umar  Bin Abdul Azeez (rahmatullah alayh).

         *********************

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