Salaatut Tasbeeh (The Prayer of Glorification): Importance, Virtue and its Method

[By Maulana Najeeb Qasmi]

بِسْمِ اللهِ الرَّحْمنِ الرَّحِيْم

اَلْحَمْدُ لِلّهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِيْن،وَالصَّلاۃ وَالسَّلامُ عَلَی النَّبِیِّ الْکَرِيم وَعَلیٰ آله وَاَصْحَابه اَجْمَعِيْن۔

The virtue of performing of Salaatut Tasbeeh was mentioned in Ahadeeth of the Messenger (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) of all mankind and Jinns till Doomsday. Its first and foremost virtue being that it erases all the previous sins. I am writing this short article, so that one can perform it according to their convenience. May Allah the Almighty give us Taufeeq for His worship.

Reason for naming it Salatut Tasbeeh:

This salaah contains the excessive glorification of Allah. To say “Subhaanllahi Walhamdu lillahi Wa Laailaha illallaahu Wallahu Akbar” (Glory be to Allah! Praise be to Allah! And there is no god but Allah and Allah is the greatest) is a glorification. In every Rak’ah of this prayer these words are recited seventy five times, and in all the four Rak’ah of this salaah these words are recited three hundred times.

Shari’ah proof of Salaatut Tasbeeh:

It is narrated by Abdullah bin ‘Abbas (radhiyallahu anhu) that the Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) said to ‘Abbas bin Abdul Muttalib (radhiyallahu anhu): O my uncle! Shall I not give you a gift, Shall I not give you a prize,Shall I not tell you a beneficial thing? There are ten things when you do, Allah will forgive all of your sins of the future and of the past, new and old, those you have forgotten and those you did knowingly, major and minor, hidden and revealed. Those are ten things that you should perform a four Rak’ah prayer, read Surah al-Fatihah and another Surah in very Rak’ah. After the completion of Qira’at, recite this tasbeeh “Subhaanllahi Walhamdu lillahi Wa Laailaha illallaahu Wallahu Akbar” fifteen times in the standing position, then do Ruku’ (Bowing Down) and after saying Subhana Rabbiyal Azeem, recite this tasbeeh ten times’, then raise your head from Ruku’ and after saying the words of Qaumah (standing erect after Ruku’), recite this tasbeeh ten times. Then do Sajdah (Prostration), after saying Subhana Rabiyyal‘Alaa, recite this tasbeeh ten times, then recite this tasbeeh in Jalsa (the sitting position between two Sujud). Then after saying Subhana Rabiyyal ‘Alaa, recite this tasbeeh in the second sajdah ten times. Then raise your head from Sajdah and read this tasbeeh ten times in the sitting position (before standing for the next Rak’ah). In this way, the total number of the tasbeeh would be seventy five. Do the same in all the four Rak’ahs.

(O my uncle), If you are able to pray this once every day, do so, and if you cannot do so, then every Friday, and if you cannot do so in every week, then once every month, and if you cannot do so, then once every year, and if you cannot do so, then once in your life time – (Sunan Abi Dawud Vol 1 p. 190, Chapter: Salatut Tasbeeh, Sunan Tirmidhi: Vol 1 p. 109, Chapter: That which has been narrated concerning the Salatut Tasbeeh, Sunan Ibne Majah Vol 1 p. 99, Chapter: That which has been narrated concerning Salatut Tasbeeh, al-Targheeb wal-Tarheeblil-Munziri Vol 1 page 268 al-Targheeb fi salaatit tasbeeh).

Note: This Hadeeth has been mentioned in twentybooks of Hadeeth. But references of only four books have been given here just to make it brief.

There is another way to perform Salaatut Tasbeeh

After reading Thana, recite it (Tasbeeh) fifteen times, then before Rukoo, in Rukoo, after Rukoo, in the first Sajdah, between the two Sujud, then in the second sajdah, this tasbeeh should be recited ten times in each position. Then after the second Sajdah do not sit but stand for the second Rak’ah. The remaining order is the same (Sunan Tirmidhi Vol 1 page 109, Chapter: That which has been narrated concerning the Salatut Tasbeeh, al-Targheebwal-Tarheeblil- Munziri Vol 1 page 269 al-Targheeb fi salatit tasbeeh).

The benefits of this Hadeeth:

From this Hadeeth, we learnt the virtue of Salaatut tasbeeh, its number of Rak’ahs, the way of performing it, and Istehbab (Desirability) of performing it from time to time.The uncle of Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) ‘Abbas (radhiyallahu anhu) has been honored. We learnt from this Hadeeth that how the Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) was worried about the Muslim Ummah. This Hadeeth establishes a very important rule of Shari’ah, i.e. “Verily, the good deeds remove the evil deeds”.

Its important virtue is the forgiveness of the past sins:

The Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) said about Salaatut tasbeeh that, by the grace of this Salah, Allah forgives all sins of the future and of the past, new and old, those you have forgotten and those you did knowingly, big and small, hidden and revealed.

Surely we are sinners, we should, along with repentance and Istighfaar, offer Salaatut  tasbeeh from time to time as well,so that our sins are forgiven. Salaah plays a great role in the forgiveness of sins. Thus, a Hadeeth in Sahih Bukhari and Sahih Muslim says that, a person kissed a woman and came to the Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam), and admitted his sin, then Allah revealed this verse, “And establish prayer at the two ends of the day and at the approach of the night. Indeed, good deeds do away with misdeeds. That is a reminder for those who remember” (Surah Hood, verse 114). Then the person asked the Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam), if it was only for him. The Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) said, “This virtue is for my whole Ummah.” Shari’ah rule (good deeds remove bad deeds) was revealed for the incident of one person but it is applicable to the whole mankind till the Doomsday. Likewise, the Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) said, “The five daily prayers and Friday prayer to the next Friday prayer, and the fasting of Ramadan to the next Ramadan, serve as expiation (Kaffarah)for the sins committed in between them, so long as the major sins are avoided.” – (Sahih Muslim). In short, in the light of the Holy Qur’an and Hadeeth, Muslim Ummah is agreed that Allah forgives sins by Salah. Moreover, it is mentioned in so many Ahadeeth that Allah forgives sins by His remembrance (Dhikr), and in Salaatut tasbeeh Subhaanl lahi Wal hamdulil lahi  Wa Laailaha illallaahu Wallahu  Akbar” are merely the words of Dhikr. In short, forgiveness of sins by Salaah is a matter approved by the Holy Qur’an and Sunnah. Salaatut tasbeeh is also a Salaah. So there should not be any doubt that it causes the sins to be forgiven.

Practices of “Salaf-e-Saliheen” (pious predecessors) regarding Salaatut tasbeeh

Imam Bayhaqi (rahimahullah), a celebrated Hadeeth scholar (384-458 A.H.) wrote in his famous book (Sh’abul imaan 1/247) that Imam of Hadeeth Shaikh Abdullah bin Mubarak (rahimahullah 118-181 A.H.) was habitual of performing Salaatut tasbeeh, and other pious predecessors also used to perform it. Since very early age, Hadeeth scholars, Qur’an scholars and the Jurists wrote several books on this topic, and mentioned so many proofs for the validity of Salaatut tasbeeh. The book (Zikru Salatit Tasbeeh) of Imam Hafiz Abubakr Khateeb Baghdadi (rahimahullah 392-463 A.H.) is important enough among them.

The time of Salaatut tasbeeh:

There is no specific time for Salaatut Tasbeeh. It can be offered in theday or in the night time whenever one wishes to do, except the times in which the Prophet (sallallaahu alayhibwasallam) has prohibited to perform Salaah. The Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) himself made it clear that if you are able to pray this Salaah once every day, do so, and if you cannot do so, then every Friday, and if you cannot do so in every week, then once every month, and if you cannot do so, then once every year, and if you cannot do so, then once in your life time.

There are two methods of offering Salaatut Tasbeeh

First method:

Offer four Rak’ah the same way as you offer the normal four Rak’ah Salah. After the completion of Qiraat in the first Rak’ah, recite this Tasbeeh”Subhaanal lahi Wal hamdu lillahi Wa Laailaha illallaahu Wallahu Akbar” in the standing position before going to Rukufifteen times,  then do Ruku’ (Bowing Down) and after saying Subhan Rabbiyal Azeem recite this Tasbeeh ten times in Ruku’. Then raise your head from Ruku’ and after saying the words of Qaumah (standing after Ruku’ reciting Sami’ Allahu liman Hamidah, Rabbana Lakal Hamd), recite this Tasbeeh ten times. Then do Sajdah (Prostration), after saying Subhana Rabiyyal ‘Alaa, recite this Tasbeeh ten times. Then raise your head  from Sajdah, and recite this Tasbeeh in the sitting position between the two Sujud 10 times Then in the second Sajdah, after saying Subhana Rabiyyal ‘Alaa, recite this Tasbeeh ten times. Then raise your head from Sajdah and recite this Tasbeeh ten times in the sitting position (before standing for the next Rak’ah). In this way, the total number of this Tasbeeh would be seventy five. Repeat the same process in all the four Rak’ahs.

Second Method:

After reading Thana, recite the Tasbeeh fifteen times, then before Ruku’, in Ruku’, after Ruku’, in the first Sajdah, between the two Sajdah (jalsa), then in the second sajdah, Tasbeeh should be recited ten times in each position. Then after the second Sajdah do not sit, but stand for the second Rak’ah. The remaining order is same.

Removal of a doubt:

In this era, a new Fitna (tribulation) appeared that some people, having only a petty knowledge of the Shari’ah, have made the goal of their life to declare a majority of Muslims even Scholars as disbelievers, polytheists, wrongful innovators (bida‘ati). And before people, they are imposing their thoughts in a way that whatever they understood is only correct, and rest of school of thoughts are disbelievers, polytheists and wrongful innovators (bida‘ati). Therefore, they, being over confident, declared the Ahadeeth of Salatut Tasbee has Da`if (weak) and Mawdu` (fabricated, forged), and then declared the Salatut Tasbeeh as Bid’ah (wrong innovation). Whereas the Ahadeeth of Salaatut Tasbeeh have been mentioned in the books of Hadeeth which have got popularity among Muslim Ummah from the early age, which are called Sihah Sittah (The six authentic Hadeeth books). And from the beginning till today in every period of time, a group of Hadeeth scholars declared these Ahadeeth as Sahih (authentic). Even Nasiruddin Albani of the modern age declared the Hadeeth of Salatut Tasbeeh has Sahih which is mentioned in Abu Dawud. . Moreover, great Hadeeth scholars like Muhammad bin Ishaq bin Mandah, Imam Khateeb Baghdadi, Abubakr Muhammad bin Mansoor al-Sam’ani, Imam Munziri, Ibn Salah, Imam Muslim, Imam Nawawi, Imam Ishaq bin Rahwaih, Ibn Hajr al-Asqalani, Ibn Hajr al-Haithami and Shaikh Abdullah bin Mubarak (rahimahumullah) whose services to the Holy Qur’an and Hadeeth would benefit the people till the Doomsday day, also declared the Ahadeeth of Salaatut Tasbeeh as Sahih. When a group of Hadeeth scholars declared these Hadeeth or only one Hadeeth as Sahih, then to gather courage for declaring Salaatut Tasbeeh as Bid’ah is not a deed of wise man but it is only an uncompromising nature. If only one Sahih Hadeeth is found in any chapter or there are Ahadeeth reported by different chains of narrators (Isnad) though there is some weakness in them, no one has the right to declare this action as Bid’ah. Because there is strong possibility that it would be the words of the Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam).

Removal of second doubt:

Some people say that why did the Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) taught this Salaah to his uncle ‘Abbas (rahimahullah) only, and why did he not teach Muslims in common? So we should remember well that though several ahkaam (commands) of the Holy Qur’an and Hadeeth were revealed in the cases of some individual persons, but they are the commands for all Muslims till the Doomsday. For example, the Hadeeth of the Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) “Umrah (performed) in Ramadan is equal to performing Hajj with Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam)” was for a woman in particular incident but the virtue of this Hadeeth is for all the mankind till the Doomsday In sha Allah. Likewise, though ‘Abbas (radhiyallahu anhi) was taught Salaatut Tasbeeh at the beginning but all the mankind would gain the virtue of this Salah till the Doomsday In sha Allah.

Removal of third doubt:

Some people say that when there are different opinions regarding Ahadeeth of Salaatut Tasbeeh whether they are Sahih or weak, why should we perform Salaatut Tasbeeh? But it is better to perform other Sunnah and Nafl prayers. My dear Brothers! We believe that Salaatut Tasbeeh is proved by the Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam). There is no doubt of any kind for us in it. Therefore, we, according to our Prophet’s (sallaahu alayhi wasallam) direction, perform Salaatut Tasbeeh according to our convenience. If you do not want to perform Salaatut Tasbeeh, do not perform it. But to declare Salaatut Tasbeeh as bid’ah is a dangerous thing. Because it may cause the declaration of the Hadeeth of the Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) as Bid’ah.

May Allah make us to live our life according to the commandments of Allah and sayings of the Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam), Aameen!

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