Virtues & Queries related to the first ten days of Dhul-Hijjah

It is desirable for the one who will be sacrificing an animal for Qurbani to avoid cutting their hair or nails until after the animal is slaughtered. Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) said:

When the ten days (of Zul-Hijjah) begin and a person has an animal for sacrifice which he intends to slaughter, then let him not cut his hair or trim his nails.”  [Muslim]
 
Rasulullah (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) said in another Hadith:

Whoever has an animal for slaughtering, once the crescent of Zul- Hijjah has been declared he should not cut his hair or trim his nails until he has sacrificed (the animal)”  [Muslim]
  
It is a recommended act due to the Hadith. However, if one did cut his hair and/or nails during the first ten days of Zul-Hijjah before sacrificing, it will not affect the validity of making Qurbani.
 
Allah Ta’ala has taken oath of the night in Surat-al-Fajr of the Qur’aan.

Nabi (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) has said:

There is no better time to perform Ibaadah (devotion) to Allah that on the (first) ten days of Zul Hijjah. A Day’s fast in it, equals the fast of a year, and a night’s Ibaadah in it, equals the Ibaadah of Laylatul Qadr”. [Tirmizi Ibn Majah].

According to the majority, the ten nights are those of the ten days of Zul-Hijjah, especially the ninth, which is the day of Arafah and night preceeding the eid day. All these days are filled with special virtues.
 
The observance of the fast of the ninth of Zul-Hijjah is a atonement of the past and coming year, and to remain awake on the night of Eid and perform Ibaadah is a source of great virtue and thawaab.

(Article taken from jamiat.org.za via daruliftaa.net)

 Few Q & A related to first ten days & fasts of Dhul-Hijjah:

Q.1. Is abstaining from trimming nail, cutting hair etc for the one who is doing Qurbani Sunnah? Or Mustahab?..

Answer

Wa ‘alaykum as-Salaam wa raḥmatullahi wa barakatuhu,

1) It is Sunnah for those who intend to slaughter that during the first ten days of Dhil Hijjah they should not cut their nails or hair. It is narrated in Sahih Muslim:

قال الإمام مسلم حدثنا ابن أبى عمر المكى حدثنا سفيان عن عبد الرحمن بن حميد بن عبد الرحمن بن عوف سمع سعيد بن المسيب يحدث عن أم سلمة أن النبى –صلى الله عليه وسلم- قال « إذا دخلت العشر وأراد أحدكم أن يضحى فلا يمس من شعره وبشره شيئا » (أخرجه مسلم في صحيحه

(83ج 6 / ص)

When the ten days of Dhil Hijjah set in and any of few wish to make Qurbani, then he should not cut his hair or nails.”

Commentators of Hadith suggest that the primary reason for this is that we can resemble those who are in Ihraam.

And Allah Ta’aala knows best
Wassalaam,
Ismail Moosa (Mufti)

Q.2. Is it prohibited to cut one’s hair in the first ten days of Dhul Hijjah?

Answer

Umm Salma (Radhiyallaahu Anha) narrates that Rasulullah (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wasallam) said: Whosoever intends slaughtering an animal, should not clip his hair or nails upon sighting the crescent of Dhul-Hijjah. [Abu Dawud, pg.386; Rashidiyya].

In view of the above Hadith, it is Mustahabb (commendable) for a person making Qurbaani not to cut the hair and finger nails from the 1st of Zul Hijjah until after slaughtering the Qurbaani animal. However, if the hair under the arms and in the pubic region is very long (which renders the Salaat Makrooh i.e. more than forty days), then it will become compulsory to remove such hair. However, if a person forgets to clip the nails before the 1st of Dhul Hijjah and the nails have grown so long that they may cause injury, then he may clip them.

and Allah Ta’ala Knows Best

Mufti Ebrahim Desai

Q.3. Will I earn the same reward if I fast during the last 10 days instead of the first 10 days of Dhul Hajj.. ?

Answer

It is the system of Allah Ta’ala that He has awarded added virtue and reward to some Ibaadat (worship) observed in specific portions of the year as the first 10 days of Dhul-Hijjah. The observance of these fasts other than the first ten days of Dhul-Hijjah will not be rewarding as the first ten days of Dhul-Hijjah.

and Allah Ta’ala Knows Best

Mufti Ebrahim Desai
FATWA DEPT.

Q.4. What is the importance of the ‘Day of Arafaat’, for people who are not in Hajj, and how should they observe it?..

Answer

Hajj with all its rituals is restricted to the specific places, e.g. Mina, Arafaat, etc.

However, one should involve himself in Ibaadat and Dhikr keeping the greatness of the day in mind. Nabi (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wasallam) mentions in Hadith on the authority of ibn Abaas (Radhiyallaahu Anhu) that, ‘There is no days greater in the sight of Allah and there are no days in which actions are beloved to Allah Ta’ala than 10 days of Dhul Hijjah. Hence, increase in it Tasbeeh (recitation of Subhaanallah), Tahmeed (recitation of Alhamdulillah), Tahleel (recitation of Laa ilaaha illallaah) and Takbeer (recitation of Allaahu Akbar). [Mutajirur raabih pg.418]

In another Hadith, Hadhrat Abu Hurayrah (radhiyallahu anhu) narrates Rasulullah (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wasallam) as saying, ‘There are no days more beloved to Allah in which he is worshipped than the 10 days of Dhul Hijja – the fast of each day is equivalent to the fast of a year and standing up in worship of the night of Laylatul Qadr. [Ibid]

The day of Arafaat should be spent in condition of fasting and involved in the Dhikr of Allah Ta’ala. Nabi (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wasallam) said, ‘Fasting on the day of Arafaat is a means of wiping off the previous years as well the coming year’s sins.’

Also Nabi (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wasallam) said, ‘Fasting on the day of Arafaat is equal to fast of 1000 days.’

All days of the Islamic calendar, e.g. Eid, Hajj, etc. should be observed as per local calendar. The respective days should be observed according to the sighting of the moon in your area.

and Allah Ta’ala Knows Best

Mufti Ebrahim Desai

Q.5. Combining Qadha fasts with fasts of Zul Hijjah..

Answer

Sayyiduna Abu Hurairah  (Radhiyallahu Anhu) narrates that the Prophet of Allah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said, ‘On no days is the worship of Allah desired more than in the first ten days of Zul Hijjah.  The fast of each of these days is equal to the fast of a whole year and the worship of each of these nights is equal to the worship of Lailatul Qadr’. [Sunan Tirmizi p.158 v.1]

Saaidah Hafsah (Radhiyallahu Anha) reports that the Prophet of Allah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) used to fast the (first) nine days of Zul Hijjah.   [Sunan Abi Dawud p.338 v.1]

With regards to your question, it is preferable that during the first nine days of Zul Hijjah one keeps the fast with the intention of Zul Hijjah and keeps the qadha fasts later as some scholars are of the view that one does not receive the reward of optional fasting when combining with qadha fasts.   [Fatawa Darul Uloom Deoband p.495 v.6]

However, if a person fasts during these first nine days of Zul Hijjah with a primary intention of qadha and makes intention of Zul Hijjah or Arafah as a secondary intention, then hopefully by the mercy of Allah Ta’ala, both intentions will be accepted.

Only Allah Knows Best

Mohammed Tosir Miah

Darul Ifta Birmingham.

Q.6. Prohibition of fasting on 10th, 11th, 12th & 13th of Dhul-Hijjah..

Answer

It is Mustahabb (preferable) to fast on the day of Arafaat.

It is prohibited to fast on the 10, 11, 12 and 13 of Dhul-Hijjah.

and Allah Ta’ala Knows Best

Moulana Imraan Vawda
FATWA DEPT.

CHECKED AND APPROVED: Mufti Muhammad Kadwa

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