Who was the real child of Covenant?? Ishmael or Isaac??

Ishmael or Isaac?

Who was the  real  covenant child  of Abraham (Ibraheem alayhissalaam)? Obviously,  the Jews and Christians stand united  in their support for  Isaac (Ishaaq alayhissalaam), the  second-born of  Abraham  and forefather of the Children of Israel. Muslims, however, believe him  to  be  Ishmael (Isma’eel alayhissalaam),  the first-born of Abraham (Ibraheem alayhissalaam)  and forefather  of  the Arabs. If modern-day Trinitarian Christians whose ancestors  worshipped trees and rocks can get away  with being counted among the spiritual progeny  of Abraham (Ibraheem alayhissalaam) simply  because Jesus (‘Eesa alyhissalaam) descended from  Isaac (Ishaaq alayhissalaam), then we as Muslim  monotheists can certainly present our  case for Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam),  a direct descendant of the first-born son of  Abraham (Ibraheem alayhissalaam). Let’s attempt to ascertain the true identity  of this covenant son by  closely examining their own scripture, the book of Genesis in the Jewish Torah. 

We are told  in Genesis 22:2: “Take now  your son,  your only  son Isaac, whom you love, and go to the land of Moriah, and offer him there  as a burnt offering on one of the  mountains of which I shall tell you.”

At no time during the lifetime of Isaac (Ishaaq alayhissalaam) was he ever the “only son” of Abraham (Ibraheem alayhissalaam). Did “God” forget about Ishmael (Isma’eel alayhissalaam), Isaac’s (Ishaaq alayhissalaam) brother who was fourteen years his senior? Christians will retort that God only intended the son Abraham (Ibraheem alayhissalaam)  “loved,” the implication being that Abraham (Ibraheem alayhissalaam) hated Ishmael (Isma’eel alayhissalaam).  Although we can never believe such  nonsense,  what does the Law  say  about this? In Deuteronomy  21:15-17 we read:

“If a man  has two wives, one loved and the other unloved, and they have borne him children, both the loved  and the unloved, and if the firstborn son is of  her who is unloved, then  it shall be, on the day  of  bequeaths his possessions to  his sons, that  he must not bestow firstborn  status on the son of the loved  wife in preference to the son of the unloved, the true firstborn.  But  he shall acknowledge the son of the unloved  wife  as the firstborn by  giving him  a double portion  of  all that he  has, for he is the  beginning  of  his strength; the  right of the firstborn is his.”

Therefore, it matters not whether Abraham (Ibraheem alayhissalaam) loved Ishmael (Isma’eel alayhissalaam), he  is  the first-born. It was none other than the “evil pen of a scribe” who changed the name  “Ishmael” to “Isaac” in Genesis 22:2.

Truly  Allah has told  us: “Of  the Jews  there  are those who displace words  from  their (right) places…” [Qur’an 4:46].

The Jew or a Christian, the friend of Satan will shout: “But Ishmael was the illegitimate son of a bondswoman!”  Tell  him  to consider the following passage:  “Then Sarai, Abram’s wife, took Hagar her  maid, the Egyptian, and gave her to her husband  Abram  to  be his  wife, after Abram had dwelt ten years in the land of Canaan. So Hagar  bore Abram  a  son; and Abram named his  son,  whom  Hagar bore, Ishmael.  Abram  was eighty-six  years  old when Hagar bore Ishmael to Abram”  (Genesis 16:3,  15-16).

According to the Bible, Ishmael (Isma’eel alayhissalaam) is  Abraham’s (Ibraheem alayhissalaam)  son through his  wife  Hagar.

God’s Covenant

Genesis 15 reveals to us two vital stipulations in the covenant  between God and the chosen child  of Abraham (Ibraheem alayhissalaam). It reads:

Then He (God) brought  him (Abraham) outside and said, ‘Look now  toward heaven, and count the stars if you are able to number them.’ And he said to him,  (1) ‘So shall  your descendants be.’ On the same  day, the Lord made a covenant  with  Abram saying, (2) ‘To your descendants I have  given this land, from  the river of Egypt  to the great  river, the River Euphrates’”  (Genesis 15:5,18.).

The  vast majority of land between the two great rivers constitutes the Arabian desert and peninsula. This  region was  never conquered by  the Children of Israel, but  immediately  upon  the emergence of Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) and the Muslims. It was only with the appearance  of the Messenger of the Covenant, Prophet Muhammad (Malachi 3) that all idolatry  was rooted  out of these lands promised  to the covenant progeny of Abraham (Ibraheem alayhissalaam).  Jewish history demonstrates the obvious ineptness of the Children of Jacob to abolish the heathen worship of statues in Palestine and even in their  very Temple! Karen Armstrong, author of the popular book  A History of  God  remarks (emphasis is mine): “We  have  seen that it took the ancient Israelites some 700  years to break with their old religious allegiances and accept monotheism,  but Muhammad  managed to help the Arabs achieve this difficult transition  in  a mere 23 years” (page 146).

At this point it is worth giving  an  overall breakdown of the family  of Abraham the Patriarch,  the true in faith (Hanifah). Abraham’s first  son and covenant child was Ishmael,  whom  he bore through Hagar (Bibi Hajirah). Next, Sarah conceived a son called Isaac (Ishaaq alayhissalaam).  Abraham (Ibraheem alayhissalaam) took  a third wife, Keturah, and had six sons with her. Ishmael’s (Isma’eel alayhissalaam) first born,  Nebajoth, had a brother named  Kedar (Genesis 25:13) and  his progeny  are called the Kedarites or Ishmaelites. Ishmael’s two daughters Basemath  and Mahalath wed Esau, who is  Edom. The  Lexicon Strongs’ Concordance gives Esau the title, “the  progenitor  of  the Arab peoples” and this to  a son of Isaac (Ishaaq alayhissalaam)!! These become known as the Edomites. From Jacob (Ya’qub alayhissalaam), Isaac’s (Ishaaq alayhissalaam) other  son, twelve luminaries appear  with names  such as Ruben, Levi, Judah,  Joseph, and  Benjamin. The descendants of  Jacob (Yaqub alayhissalaam), and not Esau or Isaac, are dubbed the Children of Israel (Bani Isra’eel). Abraham’s first born of  Keturah, Midian, is described by  The Strongs’  Concordance as, “progenitor  of Midians or Arabians.”  Therefore  these Arabs are called the Midianites. A descendant of Midian named Jethro (Shu’ayb alayhissalaam in  the Qur’an)  gave his daughter Zipporah  permission to marry  a Levite named Moses (Musa alayhissalaam). Therefore, it can be observed that the vast majority  of the  progeny  of Abraham (Ibraheem alayhissalaam) were and are in fact  Arabs “as numerous as  the stars”  who intermarried  and accepted  the sons and daughters of Jacob (Ya’qub alayhissalaam) as righteous servants of the Almighty.  

The  Sign  of  God’s covenant was circumcision. In Genesis 17:9, 11 God tells Abraham:  “As for you,  you shall keep My  covenant,  you  and your descendants  after you throughout their generations…and  you shall be circumcised in the flesh of  your  foreskins, and it shall be a sign of the covenant between Me  and you.” In verse 26 we are told: “That very  same day  Abraham  was circumcised,  and his son Ishmael.”
So far we have been told that:

1)  Ishmael is  Abraham’s first-born son. 

2) Hagar is Abraham’s lawfully wedded wife.

3) The covenant seed will be as  numerous  as  the stars.

4)  The covenant seed will be given the land between the Nile and Euphrates Rivers.

5)  Ishmael  was  Abraham’s only son and seed for fourteen years.

6) Circumcision is  the symbol of God’s covenant.

7) Ishmael  was circumcised with his father on the same day  to fulfill the covenant with the flesh of their foreskins. 

None  of  the above have anything to do with Isaac!

Christians will no doubt point to verse 19 where God tells Abraham (Ibraheem alayhissalaam), “No, Sarah your wife  shall bear you son, and  you shall call his name Isaac; I will establish My covenant  for an  everlasting covenant, and with  his descendants  after him.”  Why has God changed his mind?  He continues: “And as for Ishmael, I have  heard you. Behold,  I have blessed him, and will  make  him fruitful, and will  multiply  him  exceedingly. He shall beget twelve princes, and I will make him  a great nation” (verse 20). In  other words:  “Don’t  worry about  Ishmael, I’ll throw him a bone a two!” The  most obvious piece of Jewish scribal deception, however, occurs in Genesis 21:

Now Abraham  was one hundred  years old when his son Isaac  was born to  him…So  the child grew up and  was weaned. And Abraham  made a great feast on the same day  Isaac was weaned. And Sarah saw the son of Hagar the Egyptian,  whom  she had borne  to Abraham, scoffing (playing with Isaac, REB  version). Therefore she said  to Abraham, ‘Cast out this bondswoman  with her son; for the son of  this bondswoman shall not  be heir with  my son, namely  with Isaac’…So Abraham  rose early  in  the morning, and took  bread and a skin of  water; and putting it on  her shoulder, he gave  it and the boy  to Hagar,  and sent her away (he set the child on her shoulder, REB version). Then she departed and wandered in the wilderness of  Beersheba. And the water in the skin was used up, and she placed the boy  under one of the shrubs. Then she went and sat  down across  from  him  at a distance of about a bowshot; for she said to herself, ‘Let me not see the death of the boy.’ So  she sat opposite him, and lifted her voice and wept. And God  heard the voice of the lad (God  heard the child crying, REB version). Then the angel of  God called  to Hagar out of heaven, and said to her, ‘What ails you, Hagar? Fear not, for God has heard the voice of the lad where he is. Arise, lift up the lad and  hold  him  with your hand  (in  your hand), for I  will  make him a great nation.’ Then  God opened her eyes, and she saw  a  well of water. And  she went and filled the skin  with  water, and gave  the lad a drink.” – Genesis 21:5-19.

It is very  clear from  the text that we are given the profile of  an  infant  here and not that of a seventeen year old teenager. In Jewish  custom, a  child (Isaac)  is weaned after  three years. This would  have made Ishmael seventeen. Can you imagine a grown  man  sitting  on Hagar’s shoulder,  crying  beneath a shrub for water, and then being  lifted up  and  fed  by  his mother??  It is very interesting to note that although Ishmael (Usma’eel alayhissalaam) is referenced in no less than  eleven places  in this passage, he is  never addressed by  name. According to Genesis 16:10-11, God called him  “Ishmael” because He heard Hagar crying after  she ran  away  from  Sarah. In actuality, the child was not named until after Genesis 21:5-19 was  written  and “God heard”  (verse 17) the infant child Ishmael (Isma’eel alayhissalaam) crying while he and  his  mother  settled in  Baca, “the weeping valley,” and not Beersheba as the Bible states. It seems as if the chronologies of these events have been deliberately  manipulated in order to  give the reader  the impression that Ishmael was banished  due to a conflict between him  and Isaac (Ishaaq alayhissalaam). In  actuality, the  nameless infant would not know his  younger sibling  until many  years later. We are also told in  Genesis 25:9 that in the spirit of brotherhood,  both sons of Abraham (Ibrahim alqyhissalaam)  buried their father. From  this we can  also conclude that the story given in Genesis 16:10 in which God tells Hagar that she must “submit herself under Sarah’s hand,” and Ishmael (Isma’eel alayhissalaam) is called a “wild ass of a  man,” are undoubtedly  forgeries penned by  the Jewish rabbis and scribes in order  to discredit the God-given rights of Ishmael (Isma’eel alayhissalaam), the ancestor of Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam).

Where is Baca?

David wrote:  “Blessed are they  that dwell in thy house: they  will be still praising thee. Selah. Blessed is the  man  whose  strength is  in thee; in whose heart  are  the ways  [of them].  [Who]  passing through the valley  of Baca  make it a well; the rain also filleth the pools” (Psalms 84:4-6). Amazingly, this word appears in the Qur’an:

The  first House (of worship) appointed  for  men was that at  Bakka: full of  blessing and  of guidance for all kinds of  beings” (Qur’an  3:96).

Bakkah is the ancient name  of Makkah, named after the episode of Hagar (Bibi Hajirah) and her son. Christians and Jews  continue  to maintain that Baca is actually a river in Palestine yet they  have no  idea where it is located. This shouldn’t surprise  you. Christians don’t even know for certain  where the birth, crucifixion, and resurrection of Jesus took place! This first House ever dedicated to the worship of the One True  God was constructed by  Abraham (Ibraheen alayhissalaam) and Ishmael (Isma’eel alayhissalaam) in Bakka (Makkah)  as the Qur’an tells us. After they  raised the foundations  of the House, the Qur’an records their sublime supplication unto their Lord: 

Our Lord!  Accept (this  service) from  us: For Thou art the All-Hearing, the All-knowing. Our Lord! make of  us Muslims, bowing to Thy  (Will), and of our progeny a people Muslim, bowing to  Thy (will); and show us  our place for the  celebration of (due) rites;  and turn unto  us (in Mercy);  for Thou  art the Oft-Returning,  Most Merciful. Our Lord! send amongst them a  Messenger of their own, who shall rehearse Thy Signs to them  and instruct them in scripture and wisdom, and sanctify them: For Thou art the Exalted in Might, the Wise.”   – Qur’an 2:127-129.

The Holy  Messenger  “of their own”  would come from that very  city  thousands  of years later and would be called Muhammad, literally  the  Praised One  (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam). 

Esau or Jacob?…more deception

The Bible tells us that Rebekah, the wife of Isaac (Ishaaq alayhissalaam), became pregnant  with twins. In Genesis 25:23 God tells her:

Two nations are in your womb.  Two peoples shall be separated from  your body;  one people shall be stronger than the other, and the  older shall serve the younger.” 
The two nations were the descendants  of Esau, an Arab  line, and the descendants of Jacob, the Israeli line.  Esau (hairy) was born first and Jacob “grabbing at his heel” shortly  followed. Notice the words of God above to  Rebekah, “the older shall serve the younger.” These  words are obviously  a fabrication given the following reasons: 

•  Genesis  25:31-34 relates  a story  in  which Jacob (Ya’qub alayhissalaam) tricks Esau  out of his  birthright over a cup of “pottage and lentils.” If  God had already  ordained that Esau serve his younger brother Jacob, then why does Esau need to be tricked at all??

•  In Genesis 27:22-29 Jacob fools his elderly  father Isaac (Ishaaq alqyhissalaam) by  pretending to be Esau by  wearing goat skins on his hands (in an attempt to  make himself appear hairier) to obtain his father’s lasting blessing. – “Let people serve thee, and nations bow down to thee: be lord over thy  brethren, and let thy  mother’s sons bow down to  thee: cursed [be]  every  one  that curseth thee, and blessed  [be]  he that blesseth thee.”

If  Isaac (Ishaaq alayhissalaam) meant to give  these words to Esau, then what does this say about “God’s” words to Rebekah?

•  If God wanted Esau to serve Jacob then why  does the latter address the former as  “lord” (adon) yet addresses himself as  his “servant” (ebed) in Genesis 32:3-6, 33:1-10?

Also, why  does Jacob, Leah and her children,  the handmaidens and their children, Joseph, and  Rachel prostrate themselves  seven times to Esau if  he was inferior to his brother? 

Jacob comments: “If I have now  found  favor in  your sight, then receive  my  present  from  my  hand, inasmuch  as I have seen your face as though I had  seen the face of God, and you were pleased  with  me…Please let my  lord go on ahead before his servant. I will lead on slowly  at a pace  which the livestock that go before me, and the children,  are able to endure, until I come to my lord in Seir” (Genesis 33:10, 14).

Professor Abdul Ahad Dawood (formerly Reverend David Benjamin  Keldani) writes in his book Muhammad in the Bible:

When we behold the number of the family of Jacob when he went to Egypt, which hardly exceeded seventy heads, and when he was met by Esau  with an escort of  four hundred armed horsemen, and the mighty Arab  tribes submitted to the twelve Emirs belonging to  the family  of Ishmael,  and then when the Last  Messenger of  Allah proclaims the religion of Islam, all the Arab tribes unitedly acclaim him and accept  his religion,  and subdue all the  lands promised to the children of Abraham, we must indeed be blind not to see that the  Covenant was made with Ishmael (Isma’eel alayhissalaam) and the promise accomplished in the person of Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam).


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