[By Mufti Afzal Hoosen Elias]
Two Adhans for Jumu’ah is Masnoon (Sunnat)
Hadhrat Saa’ib ibn Yazeed (radhiyallahu anhu) said that in time of Rasulullah (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam), Hadhrat Abu Bakr (radhiyallahu anhu) and Umar (radhiyallahu anhu) the Adhan for Jumu’ah use to be at the time the Imam sat on the Mimbar. Then when the era of the Khilaafat of Hadhrat Uthmaan (radhiyallahu anhu) came and the quantity of people had increased, then Hadhrat Uthmaan (radhiyallahu anhu) gave the command to give a third Adhan (i.e. the first Adhan for Jumu’ah). Therefore upon inclination, that Adhan was given and this had become a separate Sunnat. [Bukhaari Vol.1 pg 125, Abu Dawood Vol1 pg 155, Nasa’i Vol.1 pg 156]
It is established from the mentioned Ahadith that in the time of Nabi (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) and the time of the rightly guided Khulafaa, in the era of Hadhrat Abu Bakr and Umar (radhiyallahu anhu) there was one Adhan which was given in front of the Imam by the Mimbar. In the era of the Khilaafat of Hadhrat Uthmaan Ghani (radhiyallahu anhu) when there were more people, he had given the command to give one more Adhan. This Adhan was given in the presence of the Sahaabah-e-Kiraam and not one of them objected it. Therefore this Adhan, by consensus of the Sahaabah-e-Kiraam, has become a common thing. In every era after it this action has continued. No Imam, Jurist or Mujthid has objected to it. How could they have contradicted it? Nabi (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam)’s command was to hold firm on his and the Khulafa-e-Raashideen’s Sunnat.
This Adhan was given with the command of Hadhrat Uthmaan Ghani (radhiyallahu anhu), because this was his Sunnat, and according to the command of Nabi (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) it is necessary to carry it out. At first, this Adhan was given on a raised platform, later on it was given in the Masjid.
Today, in every Masjid this Adhan is given in the Masjid. In Hajj, those who have the good fortune of going to see with their own eyes that in Makkah Mukarramah in Masjid-e-Haram and in Masjidun Nabawi this Adhan is given. All praise is due to Allah the writer was a witness to this also with his own eyes. There is no objection to this Adhan being given in the Masjid.
However, contrary to the Mubarak Ahadith, consensus of the Ummat and actions of the Ummat, those Ghair Muqallideen which have given the Fatwa of twenty rakaats Taraweeh Salaah as an innovation (Bid’at), have also decided that this Adhan also is an innovation (Bid’at).
These Ghair Muqallideen are saying that this Adhan is bid’at because it is not established from Nabi (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam), thus it cannot be a Sunnat. This is the reason that the Ghair Muqallideen do not give this Adhan, instead that Masjid in which it is given they have declared it to be Bid’at and prevent one from it.
Therefore, Molwi Muhammad Saheb Jonaghari writes: “In the time of Nabi (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) and after, in the time of the two Khulafaa, this second Adhan also was not present, yes in the time of Hadhrat Uthmaan (radhiyallahu anhu) it was made present in order for the time to be known. It was called out in the high place of the bazaar, not in the Masjid. Then in our time in those Masaajid in which two Adhans are given that is a clear innovation and in no way can it be permissible.” (Fataawa-e-Sataariyya, Vol.3, pg 85)
Molwi Ubaidullah Saheb writes: “On the road to the Masjid of Jumu’ah Salaah one Adhan is established, from Hadhrat Uthmaan Ghani (radhiyallahu anhu) a second Adhan is established outside the Masjid. Then there should be adequate and the second Adhan should not be called out.” (Fataawa e Sataariyya Vol.3 pg 85)
Molwi Abdur Rahmaan Saheb Mudarris-e-Madrassah Mia Delwi concludes: “To give one Adhan at the time of the Khutbah on the day of Jumu’ah is Masnoon, there is no need for two Adhans …” because of this, the Adhan of Hadhrat Uthmaan (radhiyallahu anhu) which is called the first Adhan called out in the Masjid is an innovation (Bid’at)” (Fataawa e Ulama e Hadith Vol.2 pg 179)
Abdul Wahaab Saheb writes: “In the Musaajid of the Ahnaaf and the Ghair Muqallideen there were two Adhans of Jumu’ah as it is the custom of the Ahnaaf today”. Maulana Mawsoof Abdul Wahaab Saheb narrates: “I gave the first Adhan with one knee inside and one outside of the Masjid.” From this confident person there is proof for the issuing of a Fatwa of it being a bid’at and the Fatwa of the second Adhan given when the time the Imam sits at the Mimbar is correct. Today, in most Masaajid of the Ahle Hadith this way of Nabi (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) is acted upon. (Majmu al Risaa’il , pg. 21)
The first Adhan of Jumu’ah which is continuing from command of the Khalifa Hadhrat Uthmaan (radhiyallahu anhu) and upon which the Sahaabah-e-Kiraam had agreed upon, which has been given in all the Islaamic kingdoms since the fourth century without any objections, with which no Imam, Jurist or Mujtahid had any differences, because that same Adhan is being given inside the Masjid has become a Bid’at in era of the Ghair Muqallideen. If the action of the Khulafaa-e-Raashideen and Sahaabah-e-Kiraam also is Bid’at and upon which the entire Ummat inherit and to act upon is also a Bid’at, then ask the Ghair Muqallideen that Sunnat is in whose actions will it be? Again it will mean that from the fourth century the entire Ummats action was upon Bid’at and today also the Imams and Muezzins who call out the Adhan in the Haramain Shareefain are committing the crime of Bid’at?
Respected readers, this is the action of the Ghair Muqallideen with Hadith. Now you decide is this conforming or contrary to the Hadith?