[By Maulana Najeeb Qasmi]
There are some Islamic teachings which are practiced at the time of birth of a newly born baby. One of such teachings is to pronounce Adhan in the right ear and Iqamat in the left ear of the baby.
Abu Rafi’ (radhiyallahu anhu) said: when Hasan bin Ali (radhiyallahu anhu) was born, I saw the Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) pronounced Adhan in ear of Hasan bin Ali (radhiyallahu anhu). [Tirmidhi, Abu Dawood].
Abdullah bin Abbas (radhiyallahu anhu) said: The Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) pronounced Adhan in the right ear and Iqamat in the left ear of Hasan bin Ali (radhiyallahu anhu) after he was born. Hasan bin Ali (radhiyallahu anhu) reported that the Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) said Adhan should be pronounced in the right ear and Iqamat in the left ear of a newly born baby, by this way the baby is saved from Umme Sibyan. [Baihaqi].
Umme Sibyan is a kind of air which is harmful for the baby. Some say it is Jinn and a baby is saved from its mischief if Adhan and Iqamat are pronounced in the ears of that baby by the order of the Almighty Allah.
The first benefit of pronouncing Adhan in the ear of a newly born child is that his ear hears firstly the name of the Almighty Allah who created the baby from a minor drop and made him beautiful and among the best of the creatures.
Several Ahadith of Sahih Bukhari and Sahih Muslim reprot that satan flees away when he hears the words of Adhan and Iqamat and when a baby is born satan sits stealthily but when he hears Adhan and Iqamat the bad effect of the satan becomes lower.
The world is an examination hall that is why, when a newly born baby firstly comes to this hall he is given the lesson of Islam and the Divine Message.
Some wisdoms of pronouncing Adhan and Iqamat:
Note: Though the narrations regarding pronouncing Adhan and Iqamat in the ears of a baby are weak but they get strength by several other proofs. Also, this practice of Adhan and Iqamat has been observed by the Muslims from the beginning of Islam. Imam Tirmidhi has considered this Hadith Sahih and authentic and said that this practice has been observed by the Muslims form the very beginning of Islam. So, we must pronounce Adhan in the right ear and Iqamat in the left ear of a newly born baby. This issue has been mentioned in detail in the book of Allamah Ibn Qayyim “Tuhfatul Wadood Fi Ahkamil Maulood”.
Mas’alah: If the words of Adhan and Iqamat could not be pronounced when a baby got born, they may be pronounced at a later stage also, but if much time has passed and he is no longer a baby then there is no need to pronounce these words.
Related Article ➡ The Fiqh of Aqiqah: Rulings When a Child is Born