Importance of Recitation of Durood and Its Virtues

[By Maulana Najeeb Qasmi]

Allah says in the Holy Qur’an:

Surely, Allah and His angels send blessings to the Prophet. O you who believe, do pray Allah to bless him, and send your Salaam (prayer for his being in peace) to him in abundance (Al-Ahzab: 56).

This verse indicates the position of the Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam), which he enjoys among those who are in heavens, i.e. that Allah mentions him in the assembly of angels and sends His blessings to him, and the angels also supplicate Allah for the high position of the Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam). Allah also ordains upon those who are in the earth to send their supplication for the mercy and blessings of Allah on His prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam).

It is mentioned in Hadith that when this verse was revealed, the companions said “O messenger of Allah (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam), we know how to salute you i.e. saying “Assalamu Alaika Ayyuhan Nabi, during salah, How to recite Durood?. Allah’s messenger (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) instructed them to recited Durood Ibrahimi which the Muslims recite during salah after “At-Tahiyyat.”  [Bukhari].

Meaning of Durood: Sending Durood by Allah to His messenger means showering His mercy on him and exalting his name in the assembly of the angels. Sending Durood by angels and Muslims to the Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) means to supplicate Allah to shower His Mercy on the Prophet and exalt his mention.

Virtues of reciting Durood:

Allah’s Messenger (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) said: “Whoever recites one Durood (Salat) upon me, Allah will send ten Duroods (Salat) upon him”.  [Muslim]

Allah’s Messenger (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) said: “Whoever, from my Ummah, recites, sincerely from his heart, a prayer (Salat) upon me, Allah sends ten blessings upon him, raises his Darajat by ten degrees and records for him ten good deeds and erases off him ten evil deeds“. [Nisai]

Allah’s Messenger (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) said: “The closest to me from amongst you on the Day of Resurrection will be one who sends more Durood to me”. [Tirmizi]

Allah’s Messenger (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) said: Sending more Durood to me will cause the forgiveness of small sins. [Tirmizi]

Allah’s Messenger (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) said: As long as Durood is not sent to me, duas are stopped from being accepted. [Tabrani]

Allah’s Messenger (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) said: May his nose soil with dust in whose presence mention is made of me and he does not supplicate for me. [Tirmizi]

i.e. Jibrail (alayhissalaam) invoked Allah against the one who does not recite Durood upon hearing of the name of Allah’s Messenger (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) saying: May that person be destroyed in whose presence you are mentioned and who does not confer blessings upon you. Allah’s Messenger (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) said “Aameen”

Allah’s Messenger (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) said: The miser is the one in whose presence I am mentioned but he does not supplicate for me. [Tirmizi]

Based on the sincerity and Taqwa, different rewards have been mentioned in Ahadith for the recitation of Durood.

There are many wordings reported in Ahadith for Durood. However, the below mentioned words of Durood (Darud-e-Ibrahimi) are the best among them:

اللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ، وَعَلَى آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ، كَمَا صَلَّيْتَ عَلَى إِبْرَاهِيمَ وَعَلَى آلِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ، إِنَّكَ حَمِيدٌ مَجِيدٌ.

(Allahumma Salli ‘Ala Muhammad, wa ‘Ala Aali Muhammad Kama Sallaita Ala Ibrahima, wa Ala Aale Ibraheema, Innaka Hameedum Majeed).

O Allah! Send Your Blessings on Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) and the family of Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) as You sent your Blessings on Ibraheem (alayhissalaam) and on the family of Ibraheem (alayhissalaam), for You are the Most Praise-worthy, the Most Glorious.’

Some Important Occasions for Reciting Durood:

1. One should recite Durood whenever one hears, reads or writes the name of the Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) as stated in a Hadith. One can also say “Sallallahu Alaihe Wasallam” only.

2. Allah’s messenger (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) said: Salah is ought to be started with the praise of Allah and in the last Qa’dah, Durood is to be recited after the recitation of At-Tahiyyat then one has to supplicate. After listening Adhan but before reciting the supplication of Adhan.

3. Send more Durood on Friday:

4. Before any supplication send Durood.

5. Whenever you find time send Durood.

Scholars have differed on whether the recitation of Durood in the last Qa’dah after At-Tahiyyat is wajib (obligatory) or Sunnate Mu’akkadah. However, we should recite Durood in the last Qa’dah of each salah (whether Fardh or Nafl).

Allah’s messenger (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) said: ‘When you hear Adhan (Call to Salah) then repeat what you hear, and send Durood to me, for whoever sends Durood to me once, Allah will send Durood to him ten (times), then recite the supplication of Adhan‘.  [Muslim]

Allah’s Messenger (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) said: Send Durood to me on Friday as much as possible, as the person who sends Durood to me on Friday is brought before me  [Hakim & Bayhaqi].

A man came to the mosque, offered Salah and started supplicating after finishing his Salah, O Allah forgive me, have mercy on me. The Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) told him, when you offer Salah and start supplicating first of all, praise Allah, send Durood to me then supplicate for you.

Allah’s Messenger (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) said: Neither make my grave a place of fair nor your home a graveyard, send Darud to me wherever you are it will reach me  [Musnad Ahmad].

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