During the time of Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) there was a trader who plied his trade between the Land of Shaam (Syria) and Madinah. He would not accompany the trade caravans on account of his trust in Allah Ta’ala (Tawakkul). He journeyed alone through the deserts and wilderness with his merchandise.
Once while on a journey from Shaam to Madinah, he was accosted by a highway robber on horseback. Screaming at the trader, he said: “Halt!” The trader halted and said: “Take my wealth and allow me to proceed.”
Robber: “The wealth belongs to me. I desire to take your life.”
Trader: “What will you do with my life? Your need is the wealth. Let me proceed.”
Robber: “The wealth is mine. I intend to take your life.”
Trader: “Allow me to make Wudhu, perform Salaat and make dua to my Rabb Azza Wa Jal.”
Robber: “Do as you please.”
The trader made Wudhu and performed four raka’ts Salaat. He then raised his hands towards the heaven and supplicated to Allah Ta’ala as follows:
Translation: “O Most Loving one! O Most Loving one! O Thou of the Majestic Throne! O Originator of Creation! O Returner (of creation after its destruction)! O Thou Who does as You please! I supplicate to You through the medium of the Noor of Your Presence, which fills the pillars of Your Arsh. I supplicate to You through the medium of Your Power by means of which You command over Your creation. And I supplicate to you through the medium of Your mercy which encompasses everything. There is no god but You. O Helper! Help me!”
After he had recited this Dua thrice, he suddenly saw a handsome man dressed in green on a beautiful horse standing by him. In his hand was a glittering spear. Seeing the stranger on horseback, the robber quickly advanced towards him. The stranger made a sudden attack and with one blow sent the robber reeling to the ground. He ordered the trader to kill the robber.
Trader: “Who are you? I have never ever killed anyone and I have no desire to kill him.”
The stranger after killing the robber, said: “Know that I am an angel from the third Samaa’ (Heaven). When you supplicated (made dua) the first time, we heard the doors of the heaven creaking. We then said: ‘Something has happened.” Then you supplicated the second time. The doors of the Heaven opened up and there were sparks like the sparks of fire. Then you supplicated the third time. Jibraeel (alayhis salaam) descended to us from the Samaa’ (above) proclaiming: ‘Who is prepared to aid this man in distress?’ I then supplicated: ‘O my Rabb! Appoint me to kill him (the robber).’
Know, O Servant of Allah! Whoever supplicates with this Dua which you had made, in any difficulty, danger and distress, Allah will remove it (the calamity) from him and aid him.”
The trader arrived safely with his merchandise in Madinah. He went to Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) and informed him of the episode and his Dua. Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) commented: “Verily, Allah had inspired you with His Asmaaul Husnaa (Beautiful Names). When dua is made with these Names, He responds, and when He is asked with these Names, He gives.”
Dua of a Mother
Once a lady came to Hadhrat Baqi Bin Mukhlid (rahmatullah alayh) and wailed: “The Romans have captured my son. I have no wealth with which to ransom him. For me there is neither night nor day; nor sleep or rest.” He said to her: “Go, I shall look into your matter, Insha’Allah.”
The lady departed, and the Shaykh lowering his head supplicated to Allah Ta’ala.
After some time the lady came to Hadhrat Baqi with her son and thanked him profusely. She said that her son had a wonderful story to tell. The son explained: “ I was among a group of prisoners taken by the Romans. A man had taken us into his service. Daily the overseer would take us into the desert to work and in the evening we would be returned with our chains fitted on. one day after Maghrib we returned with our overseer. Suddenly the chains on my leg fell off. The guard hearing the clang of the chain hurried to me. When he saw the chain broken and lying on the ground, he screamed: “You have broken your chain!” I said: No, it fell off.’
He was amazed. He reported the matter to his master who instructed the blacksmith to replace the chain. After I had walked only a few steps with the new chain, it broke and fell to the ground. They were astonished. They called their priests and explained the episode. The priests said to me: “Do you have a mother?” I said: ‘Yes.’ They responded: “Your mother’s dua has been accepted. Allah Azza Wa Jal has set you free. Henceforth we shall not be able to imprison you.” They then honoured me and sent a group of people to accompany me to the border of the Land of the Muslimeen.”
The priests of the Christians are described in the Qur’aan as Ruhbaan. In the early days, a large part of the Truth of the Tauraah and Injeel was intact with the Ruhbaan, hence they were able to discern the Truth when they witnessed it.
The young son of the lady had noted the time and the date when his leg chains had miraculously fallen off. After he related his story, it transpired that the time and the date coincided with the time and date when his mother had pleaded to Hadhrat Baqi Bin Mukhlid and the latter had made his Dua.
The Mashaaikh say: “It is incumbent that a person be a man of dua with his tongue, and a man of ridha (contentment with Allah’s Decree) with his heart so that he fulfils the demands of both, namely, dua and ridha.
The effect of this attitude is peace of mind. If the object of the dua does not materialize, there will be no frustration and despondency. The supplicator will continue with dua, professing his humility and contentment with Allah’s Decree. The servant cannot impose his dua on Allah Ta’ala. Allah Ta’ala knows best when and how to answer our duas. The duty of the servant is never to tire of making dua.
CONDITIONS OF DUA
Among the aadaab (etiquettes) of Dua is presence of mind. Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) said: “Allah Ta’ala does not accept the dua of a servant which comes from an unmindful heart.”
Among the requisites for acceptance of Dua is halaal food. Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) said to Sa’d (radhiyallahu anhu):“Make wholesome your earning, Allah will accept your Dua.”
It has also been narrated: “Dua is the key of need, and its (the key’s) teeth are lawful morsels of food.”
Hadhrat Nabi Musa (alayhis salaam) passed by a man who was making dua with much humility. Hadhrat Musa (alayhis salaam) said: “O My Allah! If I had the power, I would have fulfilled his need.”
Allah Ta’ala revealed to him: “I am more merciful to him than you. However, he calls to Me while his heart is attached to his sheep. I do not answer the call of a servant who calls Me while his heart is attached to something besides Me.”
Hadhrat Musa (alayhis salaam) informed the man of this revelation. He then denuded his heart of his wealth, and his Dua was accepted.
Someone asked Hadhrat Ja’far As-Saadiq (rahmatullah alayh): “What is wrong with us? We make dua, but why is our dua not accepted.”
Hadhrat Ja’far Saadiq said: “Because you call someone whom you have not recognized.”
OPPRESSION AND DUA
The ruler, Ya’qoob Bin Layth was overwhelmed by a severe illness. All the physicians lost hope in curing him. They said to him: In your country is a pious man called Sahl Bin Abdullah. Perhaps if he made dua for you, it will be accepted.”
Hadhrat Sahl (rahmatullah alayh) was called. The ruler requested him to make dua for his cure. Hadhrat Sahl said: “How can I make dua for you when there are many oppressed ones in your prisons? Ya’qoob Bin Layth ordered the release of all the prisoners. Hadhrat Sahl then supplicated: “O Allah! Just as You had shown him the disgrace of sin, show him the honour of obedience.” The Dua was accepted and the ruler regained his health.
The ruler presented a large amount of wealth to Hadhrat Sahl. When he refused to accept it, it was said to him: “If you had accepted, you could have distributed it to the Fuqara (the poor).”
He cast a glance at the pebbles scattered in the desert. Suddenly all the stones turned into diamonds. He said to his companions: “One who has been bestowed with this, is not in need of the wealth of Ya’qoob Bin Layth.”
DUA — WHAT THE MASHAAIKH SAY
· Dua is to abandon sins.
· Dua is the tongue of love for the Beloved.
· Dua is the sinner’s communion with Allah Ta’ala.
· Dua is to face Allah Ta’ala with the tongue of shame.
Remember us in your Dua’s 🙂