Terms & Conditions for Jumuah (Hanafi)

[Majlisul Ulama]

RAKA’TS

Jumuah Salaat consists of 14 raka’ts as follows:

4 raka’ts Sunnatul Muakkadah
2 raka’ts Fardh  
4 raka’ts Sunnatul Muakkadah
2 raka’ts Sunnatul Muakkadah
2 raka’ts Nafl

KHUTBAH

After the 4 Sunnatul Muakkadah  raka’ts, the Imaam has to recite  two Khutbahs from the Mimbar in  the standing position. The Imaam will sit on the Mimbar for a short pause after completing the first Khutbah.

The Khutbah has to be compulsorily recited before the  Fardh Salaat. If it is recited after the Fardh Salaat, it (the Jumuah Salaat) will not be valid.

THE OBLIGATION (WUJOOB) OF  JUMUAH

Jumuah is Waajib on the following persons:

1. MUQEEM (resident of a place)  —  Muqeem means person who is  a permanent resident or a  musaafir (traveller) who has made an intention of staying 15 days or more at the place where Jumuah is being performed. Thus, Jumuah is not incumbent on a Musaafir.

2. SAHEEH (Healthy person) –   Jumuah is not Waajib on such  ailing and aged persons who are  unable to go to the  Musjid.

3. FREE MEN – Jumuah is not  compulsory on slaves.

4. MALES — Jumuah is not compulsory on females.

EXEMPTION

Exemption from Jumuah, (i.e.  Jumuah will not be Waajib) will apply in the following cases:

1. Excessive rain, wind/storms, etc.

2. Caring for a gravely ill person who requires constant attention.

3. Fear of enemies or other danger.

4. Minors – Jumuah is not  compulsory on those who have  not attained puberty. If any of  these persons on whom Jumuah  is not obligatory, attends Jumuah, their Salaat will be valid.

CONDITIONS FOR THE VALIDITY OF JUMUAH

The conditions for the validity of Jumuah are:

1. CITY — The place where  Jumuah is performed should be a  city or town. Jumuah is not valid  in villages or in the forest. A village in this context is a small  settlement in which all the daily requirements of the community  are not available. It also lacks important facilities such as a  court, police station, etc., which bestow the character of a city or town to a place.

2. ZUHR TIME – It must be the  time of Zuhr. Jumuah is not valid before or after Zuhr time.

3. KHUTBAH – Recitation of  the  Khutbah facing the jamaat (congregation).

4. JAMAAT  (Congregation) – The  presence of three Muqtadis in addition to the Imaam is  essential. The three Muqtadis  should be present from the  beginning of the Khutbah until at  least the Sajdah of the first raka’t.  It is also essential that the three Muqtadis be adult males.

5. ITHNUL AAM (General Consent) – Jumuah Salaat should  be performed in a place where all  have access. If Jumuah is performed in such a venue which  is not open to the general Muslim public, then it (the Jumuah) will  not be valid. If the Musjid doors  are closed, thereby preventing  some Muslims from entering, then the Jumuah Salaat will not  be valid. Jumuah will also not be  valid in a prison on account of the lack of the condition of Ithnul Aam.

If Jumuah is held at a university  where all Muslims do not have the permission for attending the Jumuah, then it (Jumuah) will not be valid.

THE KHUTBAH 

1. After the Imaam has seated  himself on the Mimbar, the  Muath-thin will stand directly in  line with the Imaam (i.e. between  the Mimbar) and recite the Athaan. Although the Muath-thin preferably stands in the first saff  when reciting this Athaan, it is permissible to stand in any saff  but he should ensure that he is in line with the Mimbar.

2. The Imaam should stand while reciting both Khutbahs.

3. The sitting pause between the  two Khutbahs has to be the  duration of three ‘Subhaanallaah’,  i.e. as long as it will take to say ‘Subhaanallaah’ thrice. The pause may even be a bit longer.

4. Before commencing the Khutbah, the Imaam should recite  silently Ta-awwuth (i.e. A-oothu billaah…)

5. Both Khutbahs should be in Arabic.

6. When the Imaam rises with the  intention of proceeding to the Mimbar, then everyone present  must cease all acts of Ibaadat. It  is Waajib to listen to the Khutbah. It is not permissible to engage in any act, be it thikr, while the Imaam is reciting the Khutbah.

5. If the Khutbah commences  while one is performing the 4  raka’ts Sunnatul Muakkadah, these should be completed.

8. When the Imaam mentions the  name of our Nabi (sallallahu  alayhi wasallam) during the  Khutbah, the audience should ‘recite’ Durood in their hearts.

9. There should be no delay in  commencing the Fardh Salaat  after the termination of the  Khutbah. If indulgence in a  worldly act causes a considerable delay, then the Khutbah should  be repeated. A delay caused by a  Deeni act such as Wudhu, will not  necessitate the repeat of the Khutbah.

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