Answering Al-Tijani in his claim that the Four Sunni Imams Learned Knowledge from Imam Ja’far Al-Sadiq

Al-Tijani, when he was about to  discuss some kids (as he  mentioned), says:

“One of the boys asked me,  “Which Madhhab (religious school) is followed in Tunis’?” I  said, “The Maliki Madhhab.” And  noticed that some of them  laughed, but I did not pay much  attention. He asked me, “Do you  not know the Jafari Madhhab?” I  said, “What is this new name? No we only know the four Madhahibs, and apart from that is not within Islam.”

He smiled and said, “The Jafari  Madhhab is the essence of Islam,  do you not know that Imam  Abu  Hanifah studied under Imam  Jafar al-Sadiq? And that Abu  Hanifah said, “Without the two  years al-Numan would have  perished.” I remained silent and  did not answer, for I had heard a  name that I had never heard  before, but thanked Allah that he – i.e. their Imam Jafar al-Sadiq – was not a teacher of Imam Malik, and said that we are Malikis and not Hanafis. He said, “The four  Madhahibs took from each other,  Ahmed ibn Hanbal took from al-Shafii, and al-Shafii took from Malik, and Malik took from Abu  Hanifah, and Abu Hanifah from  Jafar al-Sadiq, therefore, all of  them were students of Jafar ibn  Muhammad, who was the first to  open an Islamic University in the  mosque of his grandfather, the Messenger of Allah. and under  him studied no less than four  thousand jurisprudents and  specialists in Hadith (prophetic  traditions).”

I say:

1.  The claim that Imam Abu Hanifah (rahmatullah alayh) was taught by Imam Jafar Al-Sadiq (rahmatullah alayh) is a lie that is known to anyone who  reads something about the life of Imam Abu Hanifah. What is  known and famous is that Imam Abu Hanifah (rahimahullah) was taught by some of the grandest scholars of his time, most notably Isma’eel bin Hammad Abu Sulayman Al-Kufi who was one of the most distinguished teachers of Imam Abu Hanifah (rahmatullah alayh). In addition, Abu Hanifah was taught by Ibraheem bin Muhammad Al-Muntashir, Ibraheem bin Zayd Al-Nakh’ai, Ayyub Al-Sikhtiyani, Al-Harith Al-Hamdhani, Rabee’iah  Al-Madani, Salim bin Abdullah  bin Umar bin Al-Khattab  (radhiyallahu anhum), Sa’eed bin Masrooq the son of Sufyan Al-Thawri, Sulayman Al-Hilali, A’asim bin Kaleeb and many others.

2.  Even if Imam Jafar Al-Sadiq (rahimahullah) taught Imam Abu Hanifah, then the matter will not be more than that Imam Abu  Hanifah (rahimahullah) took  knowledge from Imam Al-Sadiq and it does not mean that  Abu  Hanifah became a so-called ‘Jafari’. I am saying this as a supposition, otherwise it is confirmed that Imam Abu  Hanifah used to give religious verdicts at the time of Abi Jaffar, the father of Jaffar Al-Sadiq!  And Al-Tijani’s saying that the  four famous Sunni schools  follow the ‘Jafari’ school is a degraded saying. Imam Ahmad (rahimahullah) did not read for al-Shafi’i (i.e. read for him hadiths’ strengths as a student), but sat  with him. Al-Shafi’i (rahimahullah) read Al-Muwatta of Imam Malik (rahimahullah) and the book has only 9 hadiths that are  narrated by Imam Jaffar Al-Sadiq (rahimahullah). And no one said  that Imam Malik (rahimahullah) was one of the students of Imam Abu Hanifah (rahimahullah), but  they said that Imam Malik  (rahmatullah alayh) was contemporary with Imam Abu Hanifah (rahimahullah).

3.  The Shia themselves narrate  in their most trustworthy books  what proves that Imam Abu  Hanifah (rahimahullah) was never a pupil of Abi Jaffar, let alone  Imam Jaffar Al-Sadiq. Instead,  the Shia claim that Imam Abu Hanifah was their enemy! 

Here, their master Al-Kulayni narrates in their most  trustworthy book which equals Al-Bukhari for us,“Usool Al-Kafi”:

“Sadeer said: “I heard Abu Jafar, peace be upon him saying, while holding my hand and exiting then he stood in front  of the house: “O’ Sadeer,  the matter of the people is that  they come to these rocks and go  round them and then they come  to us and let us know their  wilayah for us and it is Allah’s  saying: “I am the most forgiver  for those who repented, believed,  and did good deeds and then  were guided.” Abu Jafar pointed  to his chest and said: “Guided to  our wilayah.” Then he said: “O’  sadeer, let me show you those  who hinders the religion of  Allah.” Then he looked to Abu  Hanifah and Sufyan Al-Thawri  at that time and they were in a  circle in the mosque. Abu Jaffar  said: “Those are who hinders the  religion of Allah without guidance from Allah and without an obvious book. If those dirts sat  in their houses, then the people who would look for someone to  tell them about Almighty Allah and about His prophet would come to us and we would tell them about the almighty Allah and about His prophet.”

So, according to Shia’ Mythology, Imam Abu Hanifah was an ‘enemy’ so does that make any sense to claim Sunni Imam’s connectivity to ‘Jafari’ Madh-hab??!

4. And what Al-Tijani says that Jaffar Al-Sadiq taught more than four thousands jurisprudents and specialists in hadith is a very normal thing.

I say! And why not when the Shia narrates: “Some people from around the city asked for the permission of Jafar Al-Sadiq to enter. Al-Sadiq allowed them to enter. They entered and asked him, in one sitting, thirty thousands questions and he, peace be upon him, answered them and he was only ten years old.” Then what is the value of the knowledge of the four Sunni Imams in comparison to these scholars!

For more detailed refutation on this topic please visit the following posts:

Shiite contention: Imam Abu Hanifa (rahimahullah) studied under Imam Ja’far as-Sadiq (rahimahullah)

Ja’fari Madhhab: The So-called “Fifth Madhhab” is a Shiite Myth

The Roots of Sunni-Shi’i Differences in Fiqh


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