The Fitnah of Maududism

In response to a letter by the Amir of the Jamaat Islami Hind, nearly 70 years ago (circa 1948), the Muhtamim of Deoband, Shaykh-ul-Islam Hazrat Husayn Ahmad Madani, elaborated at length on the satanism inherent in Maududism – a particularly virulent strain of modernism.

Those who have not yet been desensitized by the evils described by Shaykhul Islam, will be able to appreciate the fact that the contents of this letter holds even greater relevance and weight in this day and age, in closer proximity to the Hour, in which such evils have become far more pronounced and widespread.

A Letter from the Amir of the Jamaat Islami to Shaykhul Islam, Hazrat Maulana Husain Ahmad Madani (rahmatullahi alayh):

Muhtarami Assalamualaykum,

It is hoped that you are well. Some time back an invitation was sent to you to participate in the Annual Convention of the Jamaat Islami. Till now it is not known if you have accepted it or not. We realise well your commitments due to the Annual Convention of the Jamiatul Ulama, but there is such a gap between the dates of the two conventions that we hope you will favour us with a little of your time.

Insha-Allah our convention will begin on the 20th April. Since a long time I have been looking forward to meeting you. I had corresponded regarding this too, but unfortunately due to your heavy commitments a suitable time could not be found at that time. Thereafter I tried to fix a time through Hifzurrahman Maulana Saheb. This time too no suitable occasion could be found.

In any case, I feel it is of utmost importance that I exchange views with you on a few questions and would also be pleased to seek your advice on many matters. If it is possible for you to attend this convention of ours it will be deemed an honour, and the above mentioned aims will also be fulfilled. Allah forbid, if this is not possible, then it will be appreciated if you can avail me of some suitable time after the Hyderabad convention. Insha-Allah I will present myself in your noble assembly.

At present the most important question which I feel should be discussed is the Fatwa of the Darul Iftaa, Deoband, which has been published in Saharanpur under the following titles: ‘Wipe out the Maududi mischief’, ‘The Maududi movement is a killer and poison‘, ‘Those who think like Maududi have gone astray’, ‘Do not perform salaat behind the Maududi’s’.

I do not know if these Fatwas have come before you or not? These Fatwas are naturally a cause for heart-ache for all those who believe that the Jamaat Islami is on the Haq (truth) and have joined it, or for those who feel it is on the Haq. For such a Fatwa to be published from Darul Uloom, Deoband, where there are cautious personalities like yourself, is a cause of surprise and anxiety to us, especially in such circumstances, and regarding the questions on which the Fatwa is based.

Time and again clear explanations were published on our behalf on these matters regarding which the authorities of Darul Uloom have been directly contacted and which still is in progress. It is hoped that your excellency will favour us with a speedy reply.

Wassalaam.

Abul Lays

Amir, Jamaat Islami. [Hind]

RESPONSE BY SHAYKH-UL-ISLAM, MAULANA HUSAYN AHMAD MADANI

Your letter was received. Before that, your invitation also reached me. You have correctly estimated my commitments due to the Annual Convention of the Jamiat. Besides this I have other similar commitments. At present there are even more important commitments, i.e. The Annual Examinations at Darul Uloom which will commence at the end of Rajab and end on the 23rd or 24th of Sha’baan.

As it is the end of the educational year at Darul Uloom, the kitaabs of Bukhari Shareef and Tirmizi Shareef have still to be completed, and must be covered by the 27th or 28th of Sha’baan. These commitments are of such a nature that they remain for the whole year, despite having other important matters to attend to as well.

The posters you have referred to have not come to my notice before you had mentioned this in your letter. Only a booklet titled ‘Revealing the Truth’, i.e. ‘The Maududi movement in its true colours’ published in Saharanpur was sent to me by some gentlemen.

My first impression about your movement was that it was limited to improving the Ilmi and Amali, worldly and Deeni, shortcomings and their impact on the Muslims. Although there was a difference of opinion in the way matters were promoted, I did not feel it necessary to raise a voice or write against it.

Although some members of the Jamaat Islami and its leaders at times wrote and made some indecent and improper statements, it was felt that it would be better to close the eyes regarding these matters. But now, many comments on the books of Maududi Saheb have been sent to me from all corners of India and Pakistan, and have piled up considerably. The water has already flowed over the head.

After perusing and understanding these comments I find myself forced to come to the following conclusion: Your Islamic movement is against the Salaf Saaliheen (Righteous elders of Islam), just like those old sects of the Mu’tåzilah, Rawaafid, Khawaarij, Jahmiyyah etc., and like the modern sects of Qadianis, Chakralwis, Mashriqis, Nechris, Mahdawis, Baha’is etc., who wish to establish a new Islam, and to which path they are trying to attract the people. It is based on such foundations, beliefs and practices that are contrary to the teachings of the Ahle Sunnat wal Jamaat and the Salaf Saaliheen.

I list them hereunder:

1. It believes in Tafseer Bir Raay (Interpretation according to personal opinion). Every professor who possesses the sciences of the modern free-thinking Europeans, and has also acquainted himself with the knowledge of a smattering of Arabic, has the right to commentate and interpret the Qur’aan according to his whims and fancies so that it may be a light for the Muslims. This is what is happening in your circles. It does not matter if it refutes the sayings of the Sahaaba and the Salaf.

Actually, this was the first Fitnah that crept into Islam. A Tafseer Bir Raay was made on the judgement of Hazrat Ali (radhiyallahu anhu) on the words ‘Inil Hukmu illa Lillah’. As a result twelve thousand Muslims revolted and separated themselves. Hazrat Ali (radhiyallahu anhu) says regarding this, “Haqqun Uridu bihil Baatil‘ (Truth through which is intended evil). Hazrat Ali (radhiyallahu anhu) sent Hazrat Ibn Abbas (radhiyallahu anhu)  to explain to the people that the Qur’aan is Zu Wujooh (of multiple meaning) hence he should explain them through the Sunnat.

Hazrat Ibn Abbas (radhiyallahu anhu) explained this to the people, and as a result of which eight thousand people repented. Four thousand remained adamant on their views and began killing and labelling people as non-Muslims. This movement became popularly known as the Khawaarij.

Thereafter this disease spread so widely that not only on the question of ‘Tahkeem’, but views were put forth on other matters too. Fierce squabbles were held on the questions regarding the one who commits a major sin, etc.

This was not limited to the Khawaarij sect. The disease of Tafseer Bir Raay spread and the mischief of new sects like the Mu’tazilah, Jahmiyyah, Rawaafid, Karramiyyah, Mujassimah, Murjiyyah etc. arose. The Ahlus Sunnat wal Jamaat at all times made the Sahaabah Kiraam and the Salaf Saaliheen their leaders and guides, fashioned their views accordingly, and kept on obtaining the certificate of ‘Maa Ana Alayhi Wa Ashaabee‘ (The path that I (Rasulullah sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) and my Sahaaba radhiyallahu anhum are adopting).

These very same mischiefs (of new sects) took place in these latter times. The sects of the Nechris (materialists, atheists), Quraniyyah, Chakralwis, Qadiyaniyyah, Khaksaars, Baha’iyyah etc. also adopted the Tafseer Bir Raay by following their own whims and fancies.

They began to stretch and manipulate the Nusus (Quranic Verses) as they desired. Rasulullah (sallallaaahu alayhi wasallam) in forecasting this calamity said: ‘Man Fassaral Qur’aan Bira’yihi Faqad Kafar‘ (The one who interprets the Qur’aan according to his own thoughts has become a non-Muslim).

Is it not surprising that the interpretations of things according to those Sahaabah and their students whose mother tongue was Arabic; and of those who witnessed the Wahi (revelations) of Allah; and of those who had the honour of the company of Rasulullah (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam); and had seen his deeds and Sunnats; and of the Taabi’een who were the students of those who witnessed the Wahi be shelved and labelled as incorrect.

Instead the views of those non-Arab Ajami speaking people who were born thirteen hundred years later and who do not possess a command over the Arabic language, its related subjects and the Usul of the Deen, or even possess a smattering command of these, are accepted as positive and correct, just because they are graduates of Cambridge, Oxford or some other university where they acquired only the basis of the Arabic language. Those who spend their lives studying and teaching Arabic and the Deen are labelled as backward and their Tafseer is rejected as incorrect. In its place the views of the free-thinking, ungodly professors of Europe are claimed to be superior and the ones that lead to the path of Allah.

Can any intelligent person or nation accept this, that a graduate of a military college or an engineering college, with whatever distinctions, will ever be permitted to work in a medical department or treat patients if he did not obtain a certificate from a medical school? Every person knows and understands that to do so is to cause chaos among humanity. Instead of benefit it will result in chaos.

This is the case of those who adopt Tafseer Bir Raay. By rejecting the Tafseer of the Salaf Saaliheen and the fundamentals of the Deen, they are turning away from the straight path and going towards their ruin.

2. It throws away the Saheeh and Hasan Ahaadith of Rasulullah (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) in the waste paper basket on the strength of the view of those who hold incorrect suppositions and theories of historical events whereas the Qur’aan and Hadith announce that every command and advice of the Rasul (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) is divine revelation. On the contrary, to resort to suppositions and guesses on the basis of worldly advice and expediencies is to openly refute the Nusus Qat’iyyah (irrefutable and categoric Divine Commands). It is an open invitation to innovation in the Deen.

3. It accuses the Sabaabah (radhiyallahu anhum) – as the Rawaafid had done – because of some weak Hadith or a Saheeh Hadith that apparently does not conform to reason [or conflicts with authentic and mass-transmitted narrations]. Whereas those after them solely rely on their trustworthiness for keeping Islam alive. Allah forbid, if these doyens of the Deen are labelled as untrustworthy, then the whole foundation of Islam will crumble. (The orientalists have done the same to undermine our Deen).

The Qur’aan and Ahaadith have verified their truthfulness and trustworthiness in many places. Many old writings testify to this and also praise them in strong terms. They are regarded as the best and greatest among the human race. By opening this door every religious foundation will have no value.

4. It regards many Ahaadith of the Sahaabah, however Saheeh and correct they may be, as being based on sheer good-will (Husne Zann). This takes one away from the truth. If this door is opened all the Mu’jizaat, high and noble character etc. of the Rasul (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) will become meaningless. The free-thinking heretics will attain a strong weapon by this.

5. It accuses and claims that the narrators of the Saheeh Ahaadith are untrustworthy. It presents weak sayings as Saheeh, or accepts the sayings of the Ahlul Hawa (Followers of their own desires) and enemies of the Deen. The well-known A’immah are regarded as untrustworthy. By doing so the whole treasure of the Ahaadith will be wiped out. It becomes worthy of the saying of Rasulullah (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam): ‘The later ones of this Ummah will curse the forebearers of this Ummah’.

6. It labels Taqleed Shakhsee (i.e. to follow one of the Four accepted Madh-habs) as going astray and towards ruin whereas this command is taken from the following Aayats of the Qur’aan:

“… and follow the path of him who repenteth unto Me…” (Surah Luqman: 15),

“Ask the followers of the Remembrance if ye know not.” (Surah Nahl: 43),

“And whoso seeketh as religion Other than the surrender (Islam) (to Allah) it will not be accepted from him, and he will be a loser in the Hereafter”.  (Surah Aali Imraan: 85)

In these times it is Waajib (because there do not exist those who qualify for Ijtihaad, as events from the 4th century Hijri show) for all Muslims to observe Taqleed. Those who do not observe it are in great danger and will go astray. Those who refute it are opening the doors of free-thinking which will eventually make one wary of the Deen. The least effect it has on one is that it makes one indulge in Fisq and Fujur (impiety and wickedness).

[NOTE (added): Trustworthy paragons of Ilm and Taqwa have testified to the Ijma’ (consensus) enacted on the obligation of Rigid Taqleed (Taqleed Shaksi) during the early centuries when the “illat” (cause, raison d’etre) for this ruling i.e. the fitnah of following one’s desires, of issuance of erroneous Fatwas, of Haraam Talfeeq, and of other evils, was far less acute than what it is today. For example, Shaykh-ul-Islam Qadhi Iyadh (476-544H) provides his explicit testimony that, “The consensus (Ijma’) of the Muslims in all places of earth has occurred on Taqleed in this fashion (i.e. Shakhsi).” 

Hujjatul Islam, Imam Ghazali (450 – 505H), states that “None of the scholars” permitted one to leave his Madh-hab and that “by Agreement (i.e. Ijma’) of the scholars” the one doing so is sinful. Other trustworthy Fuqaha, such as Imam Nawawi, have attributed this position to the early Usooliyyeen and Mujtahideen as a whole, corroborating the Ijma’ that was enacted in the early eras of the Ummah.

The Saheeh Hadith, “My Ummah will never unite upon error.”narrated in dozens of authentic compilations seals the stamp on the strength of this Ijma’, and assigns any contrary opinion to the same category as other anomalous rulings found in our tradition which invariably draw the attention of, and exposes the identity of the Ahlul Hawa (people of desires who desperately desire to escape the inflexibility of Rigid Taqleed in order to create sufficient flexibility to grant Deeni sanction to their desires) who instinctively recoil with abject horror at the very thought of submitting themselves to this clear-cut Ijma’ enacted by the early MujtahideenEnd of note]

7. It has given the verdict that the Taqleed of the A’immah Arba’ah (the four celebrated Imaams) Imaam Abu Hanifah (rahmatullahi alayh), Imaam Shafi’ee (rahmatullahi alayh, Imaam Maalik (rahmatullahi alayh, Imaam Ahmad bin Hanbal (rahmatullahi alayh) — is Haraam and leads one astray whereas these personalities were guiding lights of their times. They were pinnacles of guidance, Taqwa, Fiqh, religious knowledge and shone like stars.

8. It gives every professor and layman the license and right to free-thinking, and to practise what they feel is correct. They advocate that all Muslims should follow this path, and it does not matter if one’s views contradict those of the Salaf Saaliheen. Even those groups that deny Taqleed are against this. They have realised this after experiencing its ill-effects.

The late Maulana Muhammad Hussain Batalwi Saheb who was an ardent Imaam of the Ghayr Muqallids and an exponent and crusader of this group in India wrote in his book “Isha’atus Sunnah’ Vol. 2 Page 51, 52, 53:

“The experience Of 25 years has shown that those who, with rudimentary knowledge, act as a Mujtahid (one who interprets the Qur’an and Sunnah) and leaves Taqleed completely, in the end turn away from Islam. Some of them embrace Christianity, some become atheists. Impiety and wickedness are the simplest result of free-thinking. Among those Faasiqs, some openly disregard the Jumu’ah, Namaaz with Jamaat, Namaaz, Rozah etc. They do not keep away from interest and intoxicants. Some because of worldly benefits refrain from open sin, but heavily indulge in these in private. They illegally trick women into marrying them. Under false pretence they grab the wealth of the people, saying that it is the wealth of Allah. There are many other reasons in this world for people to turn apostate and commit sin, but for the pious to become irreligious, not having knowledge and discarding Taqleed is a major reason. “

[NOTE: Since many scholars during that age still exhorted Taqlid Shakhsi, it was very easy for this Ghair Muqallid Imam, and even the simple layman, to observe this clear connection between apostasy and abandonment of Rigid Taqleed. In contrast, today, with virtually every group encouraging abandonment of Taqlid Shakhsi, implicitly or explicitly, the “scholars” of all such groups are stupidly looking askance and coming up with their own pet theories on the unprecedented rate of apostasy today, all designed to deflect attention from the true cause as observed by this Ghair Muqallid Imam after decades of first-hand experience during an era when the abundance of Ulama who still exhorted Taqleed Shakhsi made the correlation far more easily discernible and observable.

In fact, many of these modernist “scholars” themselves are Kaafir at heart or harbour doubts regarding the truth of Islam, but maintain the façade of being a Muslim for worldly motives, some of whom are able to demand in excess of $100,000 dollars for just one speech. To cite just one example, the following statement (inadvertently leaked) from Yasir Qadhi, an extremely popular “scholar” whose beard and Sunnah appearance have been undergoing a typically Ghair-Muqallid burnout, rapid-reduction process, exposes the state of Imaan and Yaqeen of such “scholars”: “Wallahi I’ll be honest with you, the shubahaat I was exposed to at Yale [the “madrasah” in which he enrolled to acquire his “Islam” from atheistic teachers], some of those I still don’t have answers to.”

When Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) stated that even the “Subhat” (association and companionship) of camels and sheep have an effect on the shepherds herding them, then one can understand the unimaginably destructive spiritual damage being wrought by such faasiq “scholars” on the masses, especially since the form of Suhbat adopted by such masses is infinitely more potent than the mere herding of animals. Giving an attentive ear to the satanically embellished (zukhruf al-qawl) bleatings and mooings of such modernist “scholars” who harbour heresy in their hearts, which is the most powerful form of Suhbat, spells disaster to one’s Imaan, regardless of the superficial, pork-like “benefits” which deviates love to harp on about.

Furthermore, the catastrophic result, chaos, and anarchy that stems from abandonment of Rigid Taqleed are far more evident today. Take the example of the famous ruling espoused by prominent Ghair Muqallid and modernist Imams such as Ibn Uthaymin and his teacher Hamoud ibn Uqla, Naasir ibn Hamad al-Fahd, Anwar Awlaki and many others exhorting the mass-slaughter of women, children, babies, etc. using such modernist “Daleel” as rationale, logic, and Tafseer bir Ray – exercise one’s own Ijtihaad on the verses of Qur’an pertaining to Qisaas (equal retaliation), and on the Ahaadith.

Far worse than such abominable Fatwas is the satanic Usool (core principle) of ALL modernist, free-thinking Ghair Muqallids which exhorts abandoning Rigid Taqleed in favour of one’s own interpretation of the Qur’an and Sunnah. According to this satanic Usool, it is FARD (obligatory) for Ibn Uthaymin and Co. to follow what they sincerely believe to be the “stronger ruling” and what makes most logical sense to them i.e. it is FARD (obligatory) for them to exhort the mass-slaughter of women, children and babies. According to this satanic Usool, it is HARAAM (or discouraged at the least) for Ibn Uthaymin and Co. to abandon what they sincerely believe to be the “stronger ruling”, in favour of Rigid Taqleed to the ruling of the Four Madh-habs which unanimously prohibit the killing of male farmers, monks, and other non-combatants, leave aside the mass-slaughter of women, children and babies.

Ijma’ (consensus) has no meaning for such free-thinking Ghair Muqallids, since for each and every Ijma’ anomalous and marjooh rulings are available to give sanction to their abominations. The Ijma’ on 3 talaqs being 3, Taraweeh consisting of 20 rak’ats etc. are just a few of countless examples the free-thinking, modernist Ghair Muqallids have overturned in this age.

The term “Ghair Muqallids” also includes fake sufis and others who fraudulently claim to adhere to a Madh-hab, but who are similarly loose as the Salafis in their Taqleed of a Madh-hab – the salient feature (shi’ar) of all such deviate groups being the scavenging and adopting of anomalous and marjooh opinions found in our tradition.End of Note]

The laxity in practicing religious deeds described by Maulana Muhammad Husain Batalwi Saheb Marhum is generally found among the educated elite, especially the professors and those who attain a Western education. This group is as unaware of Islamic teachings, Arabic Arts and literature, as the ordinary uneducated Muslim layman. If any of them claim to have a little knowledge, it is in reality nothing. Generally this group make use of Urdu, Persian and English translations. Those among them who obtain an MA, or Honours in the Arabic language from an Indian or European University are like primary school children to those who obtain an Honours degree from an Arabic Madrasah. They are not capable of even reading a sentence correctly according to the laws of Arabic Grammar nor write or speak this language. If by chance some are found with these qualifications, they are surely lacking in the other necessary sciences on which rely the science of ljtihaad in the Deen and Arabic Iiterature.

It has been seen and experienced that in such cases these professors by observing ljtihaad and discarding Taqleed, and expounding this belief, destroy the roots of the Deen, spread falsehood and lead others astray. We have ourselves witnessed the outcome of the activities of such downright ‘Mujtahids’.

9. It has resolved that the orders of Tasawwuf and Suluk and its teachings are from the Jahiliyyah and is the worst form of Kufr. Tasawwuf is billed as Buddhism and Yoga whereas this path and its teachings complete one’s faith in Islam in our times. Without it, it is impossible to attain the desired lhsaan and complete devotion, just like, in our times, it is impossible to correctly recite the Qur’aan if it does not have diacritical symbols (Zabar, Zer, Pesh etc.), or if one does not know Tajweed.

In the same manner it is not possible to understand the Qur’aan, Hadith, Arabic poetry etc. if one has not learnt Sarf, Nahw, Ma’aani, Baýaan and books on language etc. In the early centuries, for reciting the Qur’aan and understanding it, these sciences were not necessary, but in our so-called ‘Modern’ times there is no alternative, but to study them. The Arabs themselves (whose mother tongue and daily language is Arabic) are in need of these sciences just as we need them. It is a different matter that they need them less than we do. They have become like the Ajamis because of their association with them.

In the early days and during the first century it was not necessary to follow the present-day path of Ihsaan and devotions because those were periods attached to the age of the Rasul (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam). Today, without this, one cannot normally reach one’s goal. To bill it Buddhism and Yogaism is great injustice.

10. It stretches its tongue and literally uses abusive language rearding the Salaf Saaliheen and Awliyaa. It degrades these personalities among the common people. Rasulullah (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) has said: ‘Those who insult and degrade my Awliyaa, I have declared war on them’. He has also said: ‘Remember your dead by their good deeds’. In yet another place he has said: ‘The modern ones from among this Ummah will curse its forebearers’. By all the above Ahaadith it is meant that one should exercise caution and refrain from such acts.

11. It has declared that the following personalities are the ones who have led the Muslims astray and have injected them with opium: Mujaddid Alf Thaani, Shaikh Ahmed Sirhindi; Shah Waliyullah Dehlawi, his followers and offspring; Khwaja Mu’inuddin Chisti; Shaykh Abdul Qadir Jilani; Shaikh Shahabuddin Sùhrawardi, etc. etc. These are those great giants who have rejuvenated Islam and kept the Sunnat alive. Through their guidance countless people gained true Taqwa and knowledge of Allah. History books are filled with their noble deeds and Barakaat.

12. It claims that the above Mashaa’ikh are the ones who by their teachings spread Buddhism and Yogaism. The teachings of Tariqat, be it of the Naqshbandiyyah, Chishtiyyah, Qadariyyah or Suhrawardiyyah etc. orders are heavens apart from the teachings of Buddhism or Yogaism. The teachings of Tariqat are a collection from the teachings of the Qur’aan and Sunnah, where in it is strongly stressed that every footstep of Rasulullah (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) be followed. The writings of the Mashaa’ikh bear testimony to this. The books, Awaarful Ma’aarif and Futuhul Ghayb, should be read in this regard.

13. It uses derogatory remarks on the Ulama Zaahir and the guardians of the Shar’ee Uloom. The layman is incited to hate them. It practically degrades and taunts them and regards them as unreliable. It wants to lead the Muslims towards a new religion and wants them to make Taqleed and be loyal to its leader. In these turbulent times when open sinning, free-thinking, Kufr, arrogance and carnal greed are widespread in every corner of the world, people are becoming remote from the teachings of Allah and His Rasul (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam), and are lax in practising the Deeni injunctions, the correct thing to do is to instil respect into the public for the teachings of the Shari’ah, its Muballigheen and guardians. Avenues and means of rebuilding the true Deen and bringing it back to life must be given priority.

To do the opposite, by creating hatred and disregard for the Salaf, is like wiping out the Deen. This is the manner which the innovators have always resorted to, and was also adopted by the Nechris (materialists, atheists), Qadiyanis. Khaksaars, etc. Mashriqi’s book “The fault of the Molvi” is an example on this subject. Every innovator and heretic has used this method to conceal his own faults and spread ignorance among the masses.

14. It comments on the Saheeh Ahaadith according to its own tastes and thinking, and is turning away the general Muslims from it. On the contrary the Salaf Saaliheen, Sahaabah Kiraam, the great Taabi’een and those of the Khayrul Qurun accepted these. Whatever grade we confer to our intellect, it still remains defective. Experience and incidents have proven this. The most dull and stupid person thinks that he possesses a good understanding and sound intellect.

5. Like the Khawaarij, it uses the labels of ‘Inil Hukmu illa Lillaah’ and ‘Wa mal lam Yahkum bimaa Anzalallaah’ to proclaim Muslims as heretics. This is the result of faulty interpretations, out of context explanations, and ‘A truthful word through which is intended evil’. It has rebelled against the accepted views of the Salaf Saaliheen.

16. It has proclaimed the Ahadith collection and literature as unacceptable just as the Chakralwis have done even though it does not contain Akhbaar Aahaad. From the beginning of Islam till this day it has been accepted as the foundation of the Deen and in relation to historical narrations it is accepted as more powerful.

17. Like the Qadiyanis it regards its Grand leader and Amir to possess such power, that if he wills, he shall reject any Hadith according to his taste or if he wishes may throw it in the waste paper basket. Such dictatorship was not experienced or accepted by anyone during the times of the Salaf Saaliheen or during the Khayrul Qurun nor can it be accepted in these turbulent times of Fitnah and Fasaad. Hazrat Ibn Mas’ud (radhiyallahu anhu) has said: ‘If anyone among you wants to follow anyone, let him follow those who are dead, because the one that is alive is not free from Fitnah’. The existence of such a state of affairs within the ranks of the people of these times is the beginning of a great calamity and a means of leading the masses astray.

18. It labels the Fiqhi treasure as incorrect and a collection of falsehood. It orders that this should be renovated and changed. The deeds of all the Muslims for the past 1300 years are regarded as a loss and a product of ignorance. It believes all those previous Muslims will not gain salvation. This is such a Fitnah that in whatever manner one mourns and laments, it will still not be enough.

19. Like the Mu’tazilah and Rawaafid they write on their signboards etc. “The office of Actual Tawheed; Jamaat of Muwahhideen; The complete and true Islam.” or other similar slogans. The Mu’tazilah called themselves ‘Ashabul AdI’ (People of Justice) and Ashaabut Tawheed (People of Tawheed). The Shi’ah (Rawaafid) call themselves the ‘Lovers of the Ahle Bayt’. This will mean that those who are not amongst them, and do not belong to their group are not from the People of Justice, or the People of Unity or from amongst those who have love for the Able Bayt.

The poison that these types of signboards spread in the past is evident from those historical incidents that took place between the Mu’tazilah, Khawaarij, Rawaafid etc. and the Ahius Sunnah. In the modern times too these types of incidents took place between the Ghayr Muqallids, Qur’aaniyyah, Nechris. Qadiyanis, Khaksaars etc. Each one of them used these types of signboards to attack the other group, indicating that they do not possess this quality. The Ghayr Muqallids call themselves Ahle Hadith wat Tawheed, and proclaim that the Hanafis are deprived of the Hadith of Rasulullah (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) and Tawheed. etc. Your organisation also makes the same claim, that those who do not belong to it are not faithful Muwahhids (unitarians, believers in the unity of Allah) and, as such, they do not possess complete Islam. By this the public is thrown into such confusion and disunity, that it is an open truth that the least effect it has is that those who do not join the Jamaat Islami are considered Mushriks, un-believers who will not gain salvation. It will become adamant on its own views, and will heat up the stock market of accusations, swearing, debates. Bickering, fighting, gang warfare. etc. Then the Muslim public will be beyond control and the Muslim Ummah will fall into chaos and face insurmountable difficulties.

Muhtaram, Muslim India is faced with great difficulties. The difficulties and trials that they are surrounded with and are experiencing emanate from the majority group. i.e. the communalistic mind of the Hindu Mahasaba: the anti-Islamic stand of the R.S.S.; the policy of the Arya Samaj to forcibly convert all Muslims to their religion; the spiritual and materialistic degeneration of the Muslims suffering from inferiority complex; the poisonous wind and materialistic flood that is engulfing the schools and, colleges fed by the non-believing heretics of the west. etc. etc.

These situations necessitate that Muslim organisations be cemented together and made stronger and stronger. A sound and accepted organisation should have been established to save the Muslims from fear, cowardice, terror, bewilderment, irreligiousness and laxity in practising religious deeds. We see that your movement is creating an air of religious and worldly degeneration. An order is created, as a result of which the whole community will become involved in this poisonous trend in the future. Therefore I feel it appropriate to advise Muslims to keep away from this movement, and refrain from reading the literature of Maududi Saheb.

As for your claim that we ‘are not concerned regarding the beliefs and thoughts of Maududi Saheb’ we have time and again clarified our stand. It is like Mashriqi Saheb’s announcement after seeing the people objecting and becoming an obstacle to his Khaksaar movement, that we “are creating the spirit of war and its tactics among the Muslims, and are trying to spread it and that Muslims should have nothing to do with our beliefs and publications’. What happened subsequently? Were the members of the Khaksaar movement free from the beliefs, morals, and filthy writings of its leader? This could be heard from the tongue of Maududi Saheb himself. See ‘Al-Furqaan’ No. 2 and 3, page 9 and 10. Safar and Rabiul Awaal issue on the subject of the Khaksaar movement and Allama Mashriqi.

Muhtaram, when a movement is àttributed to someone, that person will become its source of inspiration. The beliefs, morals and views of that person will surely have an effect on its members, especially when the literature of Maududi Saheb is being published with such abundance and members and non-members are induced to read it. At such times, the effects of the poisonous substances which have been included with such craftiness in such ‘inspiring’ writings cannot escape one’s thinking.

My Muhtaram, taking into consideration the above points it cannot be understood what benefit will be derived from a meeting with you. I am of the orthodox Muslims and a Muqallid Hanafi, who is also a servant of the Mashaa’ikh of Tariqat. You people are of the ‘enlightened new Islam’. I wish to guide the Muslims on the path of the Salaf Saaliheen (Pious predecessors) and believe their salvation to be in it. You people wish to lead the Muslims on to the ‘New Islam’ of Maududi Saheb and are trying to reform it, a task which Mujaddid Alf Thaani, Shah Waliyullah, Sayyid Ahmed Shahid, and others were not fortunate enough to achieve, and you proclaim it as the only way to salvation for the Muslims. You are trying to salvage the Muslims by leading them on the path of those ignorant ones who opposed the Salaf Saaliheen, the pious Imaams etc.

On such foundations it is possible that you may try to influence me, and I will not be able to guide you. You are running this movement for a long time and many years have passed. In this period you did not take the trouble to visit Deoband once, nor did you come to the offices of the Jamiat and exchange views with its workers so that a solution could be chalked out for the betterment of the Muslims. I am at a loss to understand today the reason for your thinking in such terms. Anyway, I am thankful for your kind attention. With all this, there is no hope of any benefit, especially when the Rampur convention has elevated your status.

I can now only say, ‘You have your Deen and I have my Deen’, and free you from any inconveniences. I cannot think of anything else.

Due to the Hyderabad convention and other commitments I could not complete this letter, when a second registered reply letter was received from you. I thank you for this letter too, as I thank you for the first one.

My Muhtaram, the above matter has been taken from many reviews which in themselves are disheartening. You have complained about the articles from the Darul lftaa and have ordered that they he stopped. Regarding this, I wish to state, that the Darul lftaa of Deoband is an independent department, the head of which is Maulana Mufti Mehdi Hassen Saheb. He is an elderly, experienced researcher. About thirty to forty, or even more Istiftaas come to him daily, the replying of which is incumbent on him. When people began asking about the Jamaat Islami and Istiftaas regarding this movement began to increase, it became necessary to study Maududi Saheb’s literature and write on it. He has a considerable volume of Maududi literature. It is not in my hands to stop it. May the grace of Allah be with us.

O Allah show to us the truth as the truth, and grant us the following of it. And show to us falsehood as falsehood, and grant us the strength to abstain from it’. (Aameen).

Nang Aslaaf (A disgrace to the Aslaaf)

Husayn Ahmed — May Allah forgive him 

Deoband.

Translated from Maktubaate Shaykhul islam — Part two.

[Translation taken from “The Majlis” Newsletter, Vol. 2, no.3, April 1977 with additional ‘notes’ from Reliablefatwas.com]

THE HAJJ: A JOURNEY OF LOVE!

[Jamiatul Ulama Gauteng]

Assalamu-alaykum, Dear Guest of Allah

Soon you will be departing for the city of Allah Ta’aala. The angels will follow your progress from the skies and graciously escort you into the Blessed City of Makkah Muazzamah. Not only will they match you in your heartfelt cry of “Labayk”, but the very rocks and stones which you pass by will echo your “Labayk”.

Yes, your long cherished hopes will soon be realized, your tearful Du’aas shortly answered. In fact, one could forgive you if you are passing these days starry eyed and somewhat confused. “Is this all true? Perhaps I will wake up and find out that I was but dreaming!”   

O, Hajee, the sweet Mercies of Allah always seem like dreams. Marvel at your good fortune and your awesome destiny. Indeed it is not your wealth that takes you, for many are the miserable millionaires who like last year and the year before promised themselves that they will go for Hajj, but never got down to it. They die rich in wealth but bankrupt in Imaan.

YOU have indeed been chosen by Allah, not because of any self-worth, but because of Allah’s Kindness. You, who were penniless the other day, is now afforded the occasion to spend tens of thousands to go into the barren desert of Arafaah, with no other motivation but to fulfil the rights of Allah! You, with a feeble and weak heart, will be made to bear the separation of your little innocent children. Your Trust in Allah Ta’aala – that He will care and look after them – must be saluted by the angels in the heavens.

Hereby follows some advice in order to ensure that you have a peaceful Hajj – A Hajj filled with Imaan and Yaqeen,a Hajj which will draw you closer to your Host –Allah Azza Wajal; a Hajj which will lead you to a joyous meeting with Nabi Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam;  a Hajj which will drown you in an ocean of mankind and impress upon your soul your utter insignificance; a Hajj which, through sweat and tears, aches and pains, troubles and trials will scrub and polish you until you are as sinless as the day you were born…Hajje-Mabroor, Hajje-Maqbul!

Do’s

DO leave aside sin NOW.

Do have three sincere intentions:

(A) To answer Allah’s summons.    

(B) To make sincere Taubaah.        

(C) To be firm on Taubaah by being in the company of the pious until death.

DO shelve all thoughts of comfort and, you will, Insha-Allah, be comfortable.

DO understand that today’s journey is voluntary. Tomorrows will be entirely different with no Salaams.

DO keep check of your gaze and look firmly down. Modesty and Hijaab are not only meant for women. Men arealso expected to observe the laws of Hijaab and Haya.

DO read your Salaah in the plane etc. If you discard Salaah whilst going to the Baitullah, then how will you succeed in upholding it at other times?

Most importantly, do source all your Deeni Masaa’il and Fatwa’s from ONE Institution or Mufti who is endowed with the Khauf of Allah Ta’aala. You are under no obligation of your Group Mufti etc. Respect does necessarily entail obedience.

Don’ts

Don’t wait for the Hajj days to make Taubaah.

Don’t leave without seeking forgiveness from the one’s you have wronged. Focus on Ibaadah and the Holy Haram, not on shopping for computer games!

Don’t display anger, control it. Moulana Masehullah Saheb (Rahmatullahi Alayh) said anger must invite harm.

Don’t allow your womenfolk to congregate and parade themselves at the airport. Complete all greetings at home. 

Don’t soil the eyes lest they be deprived  of observing the brilliance of Allah’s Nur on the Baitullah. 

Don’t watch Haraam video and Haraam TV programmes during the journey. Sins committed whilst going for Haj incur Allah’s immense displeasure. 

Don’t forget to remember that for every rand you spend, Allah Ta’aala has promised thousands in return.

Don’t refer to numerous Ulama for your Masaa’il. This will cause you to be confused. Don’t argue with people, especially Salafi’s. Rather be obsessed with your OWN weaknesses.

Important!  Ladies, don’t heed calls to abandon the Niqaab and Hijaab. Wear an Ihraam cap. Do not allow yourself to become an object of people’s fantasies. Your Talbiyah is a guide to you as to how much Hijaab your voice entails.

Do not transgress Allah’s Laws and Limits by broadcasting your voice to the whole world in interviews on Radio stations. You are now present in the most Sacred of places, on the most Auspicious of days, in the Holy state of Ihraam. Fear Allah with all your strength for Haya is your treasure! Be a personification of the words of The Nabi (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) whom you intend to visit: “HAYA IS HALF OF IMAAN”– lose it and you lose yourself!

For Rulings on Hajj Please refer to: Hajj Encyclopedia

Islamic Ruling on Grooming “Rastafarian Dreadlocks”

[Darul Uloom Trinidad & Tobago]

Assalaamu alaikum my respected Mufti,

Question: More and more Muslim women are wearing their hair in dread locks. I thought this was not permissble but have no proof why. Please explain why it is or is not permissible to wear one’s hair this way. If it is not permissible and one becomes aware a Muslim female or male has dreadlocks what should one say or do?

Wa Alaikum Assalaam,

Answer:  With respect to the manner of one’s dress, conduct, hairstyle etc, Muslims have been given specific guidelines that they should not imitate, follow or liken themselves to other people.

In this regard, the Messenger of Allah (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wasallam) is reported to have said, ‘Whosoever resembles (likens himself) to another people, then he is from among them’ (Abu Dawood from the tradition of Abdullah bin Umar R.A).

In another tradition, the Prophet (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wasallam) has said, ‘whoever resembles (likens himself) to another group/people, he is not from us’ (Muslims, Tirmizi).

Based on these traditions, the scholars have stated that a Muslim is prohibited from imitating, following, resembling himself to those who are non-Muslim. It is clearly seen that each religion has its own manner of dress, conduct, rituals, upkeep of oneself with respect to hairstyle, moustache, beard etc. etc. When these are connected to a certain religion, it would be naturally understood that anyone who practices any of these traits would be associated and connected to the respective religion. Hence, when a Muslim adopts the style of another religion, he will be immediately recognized as a follower of that religion. It is for this reason, scholars have mentioned that it is totally haraam for a Muslim to adopt a practice/trend or style that has some sort of religious symbol, meaning or significance in another religion. This, they say is the worst type of imitation and following. At the time of the Prophet (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wasallam), when the Muslims were surrounded by the Jews, Christians and Polytheists, the Prophet (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wasallam) issued a clear command saying that they must oppose the ways and practices of the Jews, the Christians and the Polytheists (Mushrikeen). This opposition was necessary since Islam had given a perfect and complete way of life, dress and conduct to the believers.

With respect to the hairstyle you have asked about, it is generally known and understood that ‘Rastafarian’s dread locks is directly attributed and linked to the Rastafarian sect/cult. Rastafarianism is a religious cult that regards Haile Selasie I, former emperor of Ethiopia as the Messiah. The dread locks that are worn by people identifies them as Rastafarians who are connected to the cult that they follow.

Hence, from the above mentioned explanation given on the traditions of the Prophet (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wasallam), it becomes clear that it is haraam (unlawful) for a Muslim to have such hairstyles called dread locks.

Those who keep the Rastafarian’s dread locks hairstyle are guilty of doing that which is haraam in Islam, and hence, would be termed as transgressors. Those from among the Muslims who keep this hairstyle should be told that Allah Has ordered all Muslims to enter into Islam whole heartedly. He says in Surah Baqarah (chapter 2) verse 208, ‘O those who believe enter into Islam fully/whole heartedly and do not follow the footsteps of Satan. He is an open enemy to you’.

Here, the Muslims are ordered to give their full submission to Allah by following Islam in all aspects of their lives. When a person becomes a Muslim, he must allow every aspect of his life/living to be in accordance to the teachings of Islam. In fact, the above verse of the Holy Quran was revealed at a time when a new convert to Islam wanted to hold on to certain teachings of his former religion. The verse clearly identified to him and others that this cannot take place. If they behave in this manner, they would be following the footsteps of Satan. Instead, they must conform to the teachings of Islam, with respect to their beliefs, practices, values, dress, conduct, likes/dislikes, manners, hairstyle and speech etc .etc.

Keeping the dreadlocks hairstyle while being a Muslim clearly indicates to one’s likeness of the custom and symbol of that cult. It shows that one is not willing to part with that which belongs to his former un-Islamic way, and he finds in himself an inclination to that which does not exist in Islam. This behavior therefore, tells of an individual who has not accepted Islam whole heartedly and still wants to liken himself to another community which is on misguidance.

The Ahadith have spoken sufficiently on this issue, and all the early scholars have unanimously declared that it is Haraam for a Muslim to liken himself to any form or fashion of another group/people, especially when the resemblance is in that which has a religious symbol, sign or significance. (See Al Halaal Wal Haraam– Allama Khalid Saifullah pg.194)

And Allah knows best.

Mufti Waseem Khan.

The Ahle-Sunnah

by Huseyn Hilmi Isik of Turkey (Extract from: The Sunni Path)

THE Ahl as-Sunna ‘ulama’ differed slightly from one another in understanding some pieces of knowledge pertaining to ‘Ibadat. Hence various madhhabs arose. Each sahabi had a madhhab, too. Only four of all madhhabs are known today. Others were forgotten before being committed to books. The I’tiqad or Iman of these four real and correct madhhabs are the same. There is no difference among them. All of them are of the Ahl as-Sunna I’tiqad. Those who do not believe the Ahl as-Sunna I’tiqad are called the “non-madhhabite”. They call themselves “members of the fifth madhhab”. They lie; there is not anything called the “fifth madhhab”.

Today there is no way other than learning the knowledge pertaining to ibadat from the books of one of these four madhhabs. Everyone chooses the madhhab that is easy for him to follow. He reads its books and learns it. He does everything compatibly with it and becomes a member of it. Because it is easy for a per­son to learn what he hears and sees from his parents, a Moslem usually belongs to the madhhab of his parents. The madhhabs’ being not one but four is a facility for Moslems. It is permissible to leave one madhhab and join another, yet it will take years to study and learn the new one, and the work done to learn the former one will be of no help and may even cause confusion. It is by no means permissible to leave one madhhab because one dislikes it, for Islamic scholars said that it will be kufr to dislike the Salaf as­-salihin or to say that they were ignorant.

Recently some people like Maudoodi of Pakistan and Sayyid Qutb of Egypt have appeared, who say that the four madhhabs should be un­ited and that Islam should be made easily practicable by selecting and gathering- the rukhsas of the four madhhabs. They defend this idea with their short minds and deficient knowledge. A glance over their books will show at once the fact that they know nothing about taf­sir, hadith, usul (‘ilm al-fiqh and ‘ilm al-kalam) and fiqh and that they reveal their ignorance through their unsound logic and false writings; because:

1. The ‘ulama’ of the four madhhabs say, “The mulfiq’s decisions are in­correct,” that is, an ‘ibada performed by following more than one madhhab at the same time will not be sahih when this perfor­mance is not sahih in one of these madhhabs. A person who does not obey this unanimity of the ‘ulama’ of the four madhhabs will not be in any madhhab. Deeds of such a non­-madhhabite person will not be compatible with the Sharia. They will be false. He will have made game of Islam.

2. Uniting the madhhabs will be confining Moslems to a single way and making the ‘Ibadat more difficult. Allah and His Prophet would have declared everything clearly if they wished it so and everything would be done by following only that one way. But, pitying human creatures, Allah and His Messenger did not declare everything clearly. Various madhhabs came out as a result of different in­terpretations of the Ahl-as-Sunna ‘ulama’. When a person en­counters a difficulty, he chooses the easy way in his own madhhab. In case of a greater difficulty, he follows another madhhab and does that action easily. There will be no such facility in the case of a single madhhab. The non-madhhabite peo­ple who think that they are collecting the rukhsas to establish a single system of easy ways are, in actual fact, raising difficulties for Moslems, probably unaware of what they are doing. 

3. An attempt to do one part of an lbada according to one madhhab and another part to another madhhab will mean to disrespect the knowledge of the imam of the former madhhab. As it is already written above, it will be kufr to say that the Salaf as-salihin were ignorant.

History has witnessed many people who wanted to make changes in lbadat and who insulted the Ahl as­-Sunna ‘ulama’. It is obvious that the people who say it is necessary to select the rukhsas of the four madhhabs and to abolish the four madhhabs cannot even correctly read and unders­tand one page of the a’immat al-madhahib’s books. To un­derstand the madhhabs and the superiority of the a’im­ma, it is necessary to be deeply learned. The one who is, profoundly learned will not lead people to ruin by open­ing an ignorant, stupid path. Those who believed in the ig­norant, deviated people, who have appeared in the course of history, have rolled down into great loss. Those who followed the Ahl as-Sunna ‘ulama’ who have come in every century for thirteen hundred years and who have been praised in the Hadith have attained happiness. We, too, should hold fast to the right path of our ancestors, of those pious, pure Moslems, of those martyrs who have sacrificed their lives for the sake of Allah and for the spread of Islam. And we should not believe the poisonous, harmful ar­ticles of upstart reformers!

Unfortunately, the poisonous ideas of `Abduh, chief of the Cairo Masonic Lodge, have recently spread in Jami’ al-Azhar in Egypt, thus in Egypt there have appeared the religion reformers such as Rashid Rida, Mustafa al-Marfighi, rector of the Jami’ al-Azhar, ‘Abd al-Majid as-Salim, muf­ti of Cairo, Mahmtid ash­-Shaltut, Tantawi al-Jawhari, ‘Abd ar-Raziq Pasha, Zaki al-Mubarak, Farid al-Wajdi, ‘Abbas ‘Aqqad, Ahmad Amin, Doctor Taha Husain Pasha and Qasim Amin; more unfortunately, as done to their master ‘Abduh, these were regarded as “modern Moslem scholars” and their books were translated into many languages. They caused many religious men to slip out of the right path.

Great Moslem scholar Sayyid ‘Abdul hakim-i Arwasi, the mujaddid of the fourteenth century of the Hegira, said: “‘Abduh, Mufti of Cairo, could not unders­tand the greatness of the ‘ulama’ of Islam but sold himself to the enemies of Islam and at last became a freemason, one of the ferocious disbelievers who have been demolishing Islam insidiously.”

Those who rolled down into disbelief or deviation like ‘Abduh sort of competed with one another in leading astray also those young religious men who succeeded them. They pioneered those disasters which were prophesied in the hadith, 

“Ruination of my umma will come through fajir (deviated) men of religious authority.”

‘Abduh’s novices who were trained in Egypt did not stay idle; they published numerous harmful books which caused the manifesta­tion of Divine Curse and Wrath. One of them is the book Muhawarat by Rashid Rida. In this book, like his master, he  attacked the four madhhabs of the Ahl as­-Sunna and, thinking of the madhhabs as idealistic differences and misrepresen­ting the methods and con­ditions of ijtihad as reac­tionary controversies, went so far into deviation as to say that they had broken Islamic unity. He sort of made fun of millions of true Moslems who have been following one of the four madhhabs for a thousand years. He walked away from Islam as far as to search for meeting the con­temporary needs in changing Islam. It is common among religion reformers that each of them introduces himself as an Islamic scholar of exten­sive culture who has com­prehended real Islam and modern needs, while saying “imitators -who think vulgarly” about those real, pious Moslems who have read and understood Islamic books and who have been walking in the footsteps of the Ahl as-Sunna ‘ulama’ who were given the good news that they were Rasiilullah’s inheritors and who were praised in the hadith. 

“Their time is the best of times.” 

The reformers’ speeches and articles show clearly that they know nothing of the rules of the Sharia and of the teachings of fiqh, that is, they are devoid of religious knowledge and that they are vulgarly ignorant. In the hadiths, 

“The highest human beings are the scholars who have Iman,”

“The ‘ulama’ of the religion are the prophets’ inheritors,” 

“The Aalim’s sleep is worship,”

“Revere the ‘ulama’ of my umma! They are the stars on the earth,”

“The ‘ulama’ will intercede on the Day of Judgement,”

“The fuqaha are estimable. It is ‘ibada to be in company of them.” 

and

“An ‘alim among his disciples is like a prophet among his umma,” 
does our Prophet praise the Ahl as­-Sunna ‘ulama’ of thirteen hundred years or ‘Abduh and his novices of the last hun­dred years? The question is answered by our master Rasulullah, again: 

“Each cen­tury will be worse than the cen­tury previous to it. Thus they will go on worsening till Doomsday!” and 

“As Dooms­day draws near men of religious post will be more rotten, more putrid than putrefied donkey flesh.” 

These hadiths are written in Mukhtasaru Tadhkirat al-­Qurtubi. All Islamic scholars and thousands of awliya’ whom Rasulullah praised and lauded, unanimously say that the path which has been given the good news of being saved from Hell is the path of those ‘ulama’ who are called Ahl as–Sunnat wa‘I–Jama’a, and that those who are not Ahl as-Sunna will go to Hell. They also say unanimously that talfiq (unification), that is, selecting and gathering the rukhsas of the four madhhabs and making up a single false madhhab, is wrong and absurd.

Will a reasonable person follow the Ahl as-Sunna path, which has been praised unanimously by the ‘ulama’ of Islam who have come dur­ing the period of a millennium or will he believe the so-called “culture, progressive” people who are ignorant of Islam and who have sprung up during the last hundred years?

The outstanding talkative ones of the seventy-two heretical groups, about whom it was told in the Hadith that they will go to Hell, have always attacked the Ahl as-Sunna ‘ulama’ and attempted to blemish these blessed Moslems, yet they have disgraced with answers documented with ayats and hadiths. Seeing that they are unsuccessful through knowledge against the Ahl as-Sunnah, they have begun brigandage and violence and caused bloodshed of thousands of Moslems in every century. But the four madhhabs of the Ahl as­-Sunna have always loved one another and lived brotherly. Rasulullah declared,

“Disagreement (on the ‘amal, practices) among my umma is (Allah’s)compassion.” 

But such religion reformers as Rashid Rida, who was born in 1282 A.H. (1865) and died suddenly in Cairo in 1354 (1935), said that they would establish Islamic unity by un­iting the four madhhabs.

Whereas, our Prophet com­manded all Moslems over the world to unite in one single iman path, in the right path of his four caliphs. By working together, the ‘ulama’ of Islam searched and studied the iman path of the four caliphs and transferred it into books. They named this path, which our Prophet had showed, Ahl as–Sunnat wal –Jama‘a. Moslems all over the world have to unite in this single path of Ahl as–Sunna. Those who wish for unity in Islam, if they are sincere in their words, should join this union. But unfortunately, freemasons and zindiqs, who have been trying to demolish Islam insidiously, have always deceived Moslems with such false words as ‘uni­ty’ and, under the mask of their slogan, “We shall bring cooperation,” have broken the “unity of iman” into pieces.

The Fitnah of Taking Pictures with a Camera and Cell Phone

By:  Shaikh  Abdur-Rahmaan  bin  Naasir  bin  Barraak  bin  Ibrahim  Al-Barraak

All  praises  to  Allah  Ta’ala,  Who  sent  His  Rasool  with  guidance  and  the  Deen  (religion) of  Haq  (truth)  to  make  it  triumph  over  all  religions,  although  those  who  associate  others with  Allah  dislike  it.  May  Allah  shower  His  Peace  and  Blessings  upon  him  (the  Rasool)  and  upon  his  family,  companions  and  followers. 

Among  the  things  in  which  all  and  sundry  have  fallen  prey  to  and  have  become  crazy  about,  is  taking  pictures  with  the  cell  phone,  which  is  in  the  hand  or  pocket  of  men  and  women,  young  and  old.  

Thus,  it  is  possible  for  them  to  take  pictures  of  everyone,  every  scene  and  situation,  whether  a  public  scene  or  private,  beneficial  or  non-beneficial.

Sometimes  a  picture  is  taken  of  some  people’s  personal  and  private  things.  Sometimes, it  is  not  permissible  to  take  pictures  on  account  of  the  harm  that  ensues  in  the  wake  of taking  the  picture,  leaving  aside  the  ruling  of  picture  taking  (pictography).  

There  are  a  host  of  evils  and  wrongs  which  ensue  in  the  wake  of  pictography  with  the cell  phone.  From  among  them  are  the  following:

1.  Opposing  the  Nusoos  (clear-cut  verdicts)  of  the  Hadith  which  show  the  prohibition  of  picture-taking,  and  which  sounds  a  severe  warning  (against  it)  and  cursing  the picture  takers.  The  justification  of  the  (erroneous)  interpreters  and  the  following  of  vain  desires  are  the  origin  of  every  evil  which  has  befallen  the  Ummah,  from ancient  to  modern  times.  If  the  justifier  is  a  Mujtahid  in  Ilm  (knowledge),  he  is ma’zoor  (excused),  but  the  one  who  follows  his  vain  desires  is  sinful  and  unexcused.  The  minimum  (ruling)  in  regard  to  this  pictography  which  many  people have  fallen  prey  to  and  which  has  been  halaalized  on  the  basis  of  some  vagaries  is that  it  is  Mushtabah  (doubtful).  But,  Rasulullah  Sallallahu  alaihi  wasallam  has stated:

“Whoever  abstains  from  doubtful  matters  has  verily  exonerated  himself  in  his Deen  and  his  honour.  And  those  involved  in  doubtful  things  will  fall  into  Haraam.” 

2.  The  taking  of  a  picture  of  the  one  who  is  displeased  (of  his  picture  being  taken). This  is  violating  his  Haq  (right).  The  evil  increases  by  spreading  (circulating /posting)  it  (the  picture  taken  of  a  person  who  was  unhappy  of  it).  Sometimes  the  picture  of  a  female  is  taken.  Taking  and  spreading  (posting/broadcasting)  her picture  is  not  permissible  even  if  she  approves  of  it.  Many  a  time  it  brings  about  Talaaq  on  her  in  the  case  of  her  being  married.  It  causes  disinclination  to  her  (in  the hearts  of  respectable  people)  in  the  case  of  her  being  unmarried.  Together  with  that is  the  evil  of  looking  at  her  form/shape  for  those  upon  whom  this  is  not  lawful  among  strange  men.  Among  it  (the  evils  of  pictography)  is  taking  the  pictures  of  people’s  private  life  without  their  consent.  For  example:  their  meetings,  house, furniture, pictures of their children, etc. 

3.  Taking  pictures  of  female  gatherings,  for  example:  weddings  etc.  and  circulating these  pictures.  This  enables  the  prying  and  Faasiqeen  to  view  what  is  not  lawful and to become aware of it.

4.  The  pictures  of  some  evil  scenes,  for  example:  mixed  gatherings  and  parties compounded  by  immorality  and  dancing  by  mixed  crowds  of  men  and  women,  and  then  to  circulate  them  and  exposing  the  people  of  Baatil  under  the  pretext  of  condemning  the  wrong  act.  This  enables  the  heart  to  become  pleased  by  seeing  those  evil  scenes  and  enjoying  it.  If  it  has  to  be  condemned,  and  this  it  is  necessary, then  it  is  Waajib  to  safe  keep  those  pictures  as  evidence  against  the  accused  when  he  rejects  the  words  of  the  truthful  witness.  Or  when  he  intends  to  deceive.  As  far as a public  condemnation  is  concerned,  it  should  be  by  word.

5.  Futile  pictures.  That  is,  pictures  in  which  there  is  no  benefit  in  Deen  and  dunya.  The sole  motive  is  hawa  (vain  desire);  love  for  picture  taking  and  idleness.  Also  included  are  taking  pictures  of  men  at  wedding  functions,  etc.  Taking  pictures  of  the  bridegroom  and  those  with  him  when  they  enter  and  exit.  Among  futile  pictures  are  the  pictures  of  bayaans  in  the  Musaajid  and  of  Hifz  classes  and  hallucinating  that  this  serves  as  endorsement.  The  statement  of  an  honest  or  trustable  person  is  more  reliable  than  a  picture.

6.  Keeping  pictures  for  remembrance,  as  they  (those  involved  in  this)  claim.  The worst  is  the  picture  taking  of  husband  and  wife,  and  keeping  their  pictures  for  this  purpose.  Verily,  keeping  pictures  prevents  the  Angels  from  entering  the  home. Thus,  Nabi  Sallallahu  alaihi  wasallam:

“The Malaa’ikah do not enter a house in which there is a dog or a picture.”

Excluded  from  this  are  pictures  which  cannot  be  effaced,  such  as  the  pictures  on money. We  present  to  you,  O  Muslim,  some  Ahaadith  regarding  the  Tahreem  (prohibition)  of taking  pictures:

•  It  is  reported  from  Hazrat  Abu  Hurairah  (Radhiyallahu  anhu)  that  Nabi (Sallallahu  alaihi  wasallam)  said:  “Allah  Ta’ala  said:  ‘Who  can  be  a  greater oppressor  than  the  one  goes  and  creates  like  Me?  Let  them  create  an  atom  or  a grain of wheat or a grain of barely.” (Bukhaari and Muslim)

•  In  Saheehain  (Bukhaari  and  Muslim)  it  is  reported  from  Hadhrat  Aisha (Radhiyallahu  anha)  that  Nabi  (Sallallahu  alaihi  wasallam)  said,  “The  severest punishment  on  the  Day  of  Qiyaamah  will  be  meted  out  to  those  who  imitate  the Creation of Allah Ta’ala (i.e. making and taking pictures etc.)”

•  Hadhrat  Ibn  Abbas  (Radhiyallahu  anhu)  reports:  “I  heard  Rasulullah  (Sallallahu alaihi  wasallam)  saying:  ‘Every  picture-maker  (photographer  etc.)  will  be  in Jahannam.  A  body  will  be  created  for  every  picture  he  made  (drew,  snapped, captured,  posted  etc.)  which  will  torment  him  in  Jahannam.”  (Bukhaari  and Muslim)

•  Hadhrat  Ibn  Abbas  (Radhiyallahu  anhu)  reports  that  Nabi  (Sallallahu  alaihi wasallam)  said:  “The  one  who  draws  (snaps,  captures,  posts,  etc.)  a  picture  in this  world  will  be  made  to  give  life  to  it  (the  picture)  on  the  Day  of  Qiyaamah, whereas  he  will  not  be  able  to  blow  life  (in  it).”  (Bukhaari  and  Muslim)

Hence,  it  devolves  upon  the  Muslim  to  fear  Allah  Ta’ala,  take  precaution  for  the  safety of  his/her  Deen  and  that  he/she  warn  the  people  who  follow  (their)  vain  desires  not  to be  deceived  (of  what  is  right  from  wrong)  on  the  basis  of  what  the  majority  of  people do.  The  abundance  of  baatil  (wrong)  does  not  mitigate  it.

“Say,  ‘Evil  and  good  are  not  even,  although  the  abundance  of  evil  might  impress you.’  So  fear  Allah,  O  intelligent  ones,  so  that  you  may  be  successful.”  (Qur’aan)

We  ask  Allah  Ta’ala  for  Baseerat  (foresight)  in  Deen  and  a  good  intention  in  the  quest for  the  Haq  (truth).

May  Allah  Ta’ala  shower  His  Peace  and  Blessings  upon  Muhammad,  his  family  and  all of  his  companions.  

AMMAN MESSAGE – A KUFR SCRAP PAPER BY A MOTLEY OF BOOTLICKERS

By Majlisul Ulama

A moron deviate, totally ignorant of the demands of the Shariah, states:

“There are many Muslim South Africans that are unaware of the Amman Message and its unifying impact on the Muslim world. Furthermore they are unaware that it was  signed by a South African and a past president of UUCSA.

If more South Africans read up about the Amman Message and understand its message this country would not be suffering the sectarianism that is slowly creeping in the community………….

Based on the fatwas provided by these great scholars in July 2005m H.M. King Abdullah 11 convened  an international Islamic conference of 200  of the world’s leading Islamic  scholars ‘Ulama from 50 countries. In Amman the scholars unanimously issued a ruling on three fundamental issues which became known  as  the Three Points of the Amman Message.

They recognized the validity of all 8 Mathhabs (legal schools) of Sunni, Shia and Ibadhi Islam, of traditional Islam.  ………Declaring (any one of the adherents of these schools) an apostate is impossible and impermissible. …….

These Three Points were then unanimously adopted by the Islamic World’s political and temporal leaderships at the Organization of Islamic Conference summit at Mecca in December 2005……” (End of extracts from the comments of a moron deviate).

Firstly, King Abdullah himself is a deviate, American bootlicker. He enjoyed absolutely no standing in the Shariah. His position as king of Jordan did not confer on him a Shar’i status of leadership.  How is it possible for a U.S. surrogate puppet king to have  any pedestal in the hierarchy of the Ulama-e-Haqq who are the  true Heirs of the Ambiya (Alayhimus salaam)? The Jordan or Saudi kings are in an unholy embrace with America and Israel. 

The conference convened in Amman by America’s puppet king has no validity in the Shariah. The scholars present and who signed the stupid scrap paper known as the amman message, are primarily scholars for dollars.  They have been classified as  “inmates of Jahannam” by Rasulullah (Sallallahu alayhi wasallam). Those scholars who run after rulers, especially corrupt rulers such as the kings and presidents of today’s Muslim countries, are the tinders of Hell-Fire. Regarding them, Rasulullah (Sallallahu alayhi wasallam) said:

“Seek the protection of Allah from Jubbul Huzn (The Pit of Grief).” The Sahaabah asked: ‘O Rasulullah! What is Jubbul Huzn?’ Rasulullah (Sallallahu alayhi wasallam) said: “It is a Valley in Jahannam. Daily Jahannam itself seeks Allah’s protection (from the intensity of its heat) four hundred times.”  They asked: ‘O Rasulullah! Who will enter it?  Rasulullah (Sallallahu alayhi wasallam) said:

“It (i.e. The Pit of Grief) has been prepared for  the qurraa (qaaris, molvis and sheikhs) who  display their (deeni) deeds. Verily the most hated of the qurraa by Allah are those who  frequent  the rulers.”

The motley of scholars for dollars come within the purview of this Hadith of Rasulullah (Sallallahu alayhi wasallam). All of them, without exception, are bootlickers, hence they  fell over themselves to appease the  Bootlicker-in-Chief, viz., the American surrogate, puppet king.

What extracts great mirth from  the Men of Intelligence and Ilm is that an organization consisting of genuine morons, namely, the so-called  Organization of the Islamic Conference (OIC)  ‘unanimously adopted’ the scrap paper prepared by the scholars for dollars in Amman. This is indeed laughable and downright stupid. The OIC is a notorious conglomeration of fussaaq and fujjaar . They have absolutely no Islamic qualifications which could permit them to speak on issues of Shar’i import. Furthermore, today there is not a SINGLE Islamic country on the face of the earth. Whilst all Muslim countries  are Muslim, all governments at the helm of these Muslim countries are kuffaar without exception. Every government, king, despot, tyrant and jaahil who is at the helm of  governmental affairs in the Muslim lands is a confirmed KAAFIR. Branding them all kaafiroon, the Qur’aan Majeed states unequivocally:

“Those who do not  govern/decide/adjudicate  according to that (Shariah) which Allah has revealed, verily they are the KAAFIROON”

(Al-Maaidah, Aayat 44)

“Those who do not govern/decide/adjudicate  according to that (Shariah) which Allah has revealed, verily they are the ZAALIMOON”

(Al-Maaidah, Aayat 45)

“Those who do not  govern/decide/adjudicate  according to that (Shariah) which Allah has revealed, verily they are the FAASIQOON”

(Al-Maaidah, Aayat 44)

We are undoubtedly living in the era in close proximity to Qiyaamah, hence Kaafiroon, Zaalimoon and Faasiqoon are posing as scholars of Islam when in reality they are the slaves of  the dunya pursuing wealth and worldly fame and glory with their jahl.  The scholars for dollars who had participated in the mock ‘islamic’ conference in Amman are  similar to the scholars of Bani Israaeel about who the Qur’aan states:

“Why do their  Rabbaaniyyoon (scholars, molvis and sheikhs) and their Ahbaar (buzrugs, saints and sufis) not prevent them (the masses) from their  sinful proclamations and their consumption of haraam? Indeed, evil is it that they were perpetrating.”  (Al-Maaidah, Aayat 62)

Instead of  engaging in their primary obligation of Amr Bil Ma’roof Nahyi Anil Munkar, and the Islaah of the masses, these scholars for dollars scurry in haste to bootlick the Bootlicking king. The zulmat (spiritual darkness) corroding and clouding their hearts has rendered them blind, deaf and dumb to the  conflagration of fisq, fujoor, bid’ah and kufr which is raging in every Muslim country. While the Ummah is reeling in suffering, misery,  stark ignorance, squalor, poverty and on the verge of kufr, these scholars for dollars with obese stomachs, bask in leisure and pleasure at the boots of the Boot-licking king fabricating stupid fatwas and forging  opinions which are in  contravention of the Shariah.

The stupid ‘accord’ of the invalid amman conference has no Shar’i validity. The position of the Shariah glitters with clarity:

1) In this era ONLY the Four recognized Math-habs of the Ummah, namely, Hanafi Shaafi’, Maaliki and Hambali, constitute the Ahlus Sunnah Wal Jama’ah.

2) All schools of thought beyond the pale of these Four Math-habs are baatil – false and  evil. All of them belong to the deviated sects destined for Jahannam.

3) ALL Shiah sects are kuffaar. All Shiahs subscribe to such kufr beliefs which are  repugnant in the extreme.

4) There are no 8 valid Math-habs as the Amman scrap of paper  declares. There are only Four valid Math-habs of the Shariah extant today.

5) Contrary to the bunkum ‘fatwa’ of the scholars for dollars,  it is the Waajib obligation of the Ulama-e-Haqq to save the masses from the deception of the Shiahs by proclaiming them to be kaafir.  By accepting the kuffaar Shiahs  As part of Islam, the bootlickers of the amman conference are  confusing the Haqq with baatil and are concealing the Truth of Islam. Warning such miserable scholars for dollars, the Qur’aan states:

“Do not trade MY aayaat (Laws and Shariah) for a miserable price, and fear Me only. And, do not  cloak the Haqq with baatil (nor) conceal the Haqq whilst you are aware.”   (Al-Baqarah, Verses 21 and 22)

The Qur’aan Majeed asks these scholars who have betrayed Islam to appease the kuffaar and their bootlickers whom they have installed as the rulers  of Muslim countries:

“What! Do you search for the law of Jaahiliyyah? Whose Law besides the Law of Allah is best for a people having  firm belief?” (Al-Maaidah, Aayat 50)

There is no ambiguity in the  doctrines of islam, and there is no ambiguity in the  corrupt beliefs of kufr of the Shiah religion. The cardinal article of their faith is vilification and takfeer of the Sahaabah. How is it then possible for Muslims to abstain from takfeer of the Shiahs?  Of all the deviated sects, the Shiahs are the only villains whose disparagement of the Sahaabah is extreme. They hurl vituperation upon vituperation at the Sahaabah.

While morons may believe that the ‘scholars’ who signed the amman message are ‘great scholars’, they are, in reality, juhala who fail to distinguish  between Haqq and baatil. Either they are ignorant of the kufr doctrines of the Shiahs, or they have deliberately sold their Imaan for a pittance for the attainment of worldly and nafsaani  objectives, hence they are in cahoots with the bootlicking  rulers in Muslim countries.

Let it be known to the Ummah that the Amman Message is a scrap of paper. It has no Shar’i validity. The conference was a gathering of bootlicking scholars for dollars, licking the boots of the Jordan king who in turn licks the boots of  the U.S.A. on whom  Jordan and Saudi Arabia relies for protection.

The OIC is a paper organization consisting of  fussaaq and juhala. This body has no Shar’i standing. Its adoption of the Amman scrap of paper adds stupidity to stupidity.

The ‘uucsa’ which had participated in the bogus conference is BOGUS ‘uucsa’ which  is begging the kuffaar court to bestow recognition to it. This BOGUS entity does not represent  the Muslim community nor the Ulama of South Africa.

Our criterion is always the Shariah which comprises of the Qur’aan and Sunnah. NO conference and no accord can ever override the Divine Shariah about which the Qur’aan declares:

“Then We have  established you on a Shariah regarding  (your affairs). Therefore follow it, and do not  follow the desires of those who know not (such as the scholars for dollars of the Amman conference).”

The votaries of the Amman scrap of paper are abortively labouring to enlist Mufti Taqi as one of their supporters. Despite Mufti Taqi being a liberal inclining to modernism, he has not endorsed the Amman scrap of paper. He was not present at the bogus conference nor does he accord with them. The stench of baatil  of the baatil conference was so overwhelming that even a liberal such as Mufti Taqi maintained a  distance from the conglomerate of scholars for dollars.

One of the greatest farces usually proffered by the ulama-e-soo’ (scholars for dollars) is their assumed majority. Even if we  have to assume that these vile specimens of dhalaal (deviation) are in the majority, it should be understood that the Shariah is the Law of Allah Azza Wa Jal, and this Divine Law is not reliant on the majority. Furthermore, as we  journey closer to Qiyaamah and drift further from the glorious era of Nubuwwat, there will most certainly be the preponderance  of  fussaaq,  fujjaar and mudhilleen masquerading as ‘ulama’ in fulfilment of Rasulullah’s prediction. Testifying to the prevalence of  the miscreant  majority, the Qur’aan Majeed  warns us of  these  agents of Shaitaan, and  commands us to follow the glittering Shariah which is encapsulated in the Qur’aan and Sunnah. Thus, the Qur’aan Majeed states:

“What! Should I search for an arbiter besides Allah whilst He has revealed to you the detailed Kitaab? And, those  to whom We have  given the Kitaab know (very well) that, verily, it is the Revelation from your Rabb with the Haqq. Therefore, never ever be among the doubters. And, the Law of Allah has been completed in truth and with justice. There is no change for His Word (His Shariah). He is The One Who hears and Who is aware.

AND, IF YOU FOLLOW THE MAJORITY ON EARTH, THEY WILL  DEVIATE YOU (MISLEAD YOU) FROM Allah’s Path (from His Shariah). THEY FOLLOW NOTHING BUT CONJECTURE, AND THEY (SAY NOTHING) BUT  LIES.”  (Al-An’aam, Aayats 114 and 115)

Do not be duped by  the ‘majority’ of scholars for dollars whom the Bootlickers of the amman message have fielded to awe the unwary laymen.

In their ‘fatwa’ which is devoid of Shar’i substance, they have not presented a single daleel from the Shariah for their baseless stance on Shiahs and other deviates. Besides blatantly baseless opinion, they have proffered no valid Shar’i arguments to sustain their stance. Presenting a Hadith torn out of its context, which is totally unrelated to the issue of takfeer of kuffaar, does not bolster their stupid ‘fatwa’ of  personal opinion – an opinion which  is in accord with their bootlicking attitude.

Takfeer is a valid Shar’i command. When the dalaa-il for Takfeer are overwhelming, it devolves on the Ulama as a Waajib obligation to pronounce  the excommunication of the adherents of naked kufr. We advise doubters in the Ulama ranks to study Allaamah Kashmiri’s Ikfaarul Mulhideen.  Insha-Allah, this Kitaab will  dispel the doubts and clear the haze of jahaalat obfuscating the proclamation of the Haqq by the silent Ulama.

Salaam on those who follow the Guidance of Allah.

Islamic Refutation of Communism (Marxism)

Compiled By Suranimala

(Source: Dr. Abdallah Omar Naseef; Dr. Mustafa Mahmoud)

Islam does not instinctively respond to Communism (Marxism) nor accept its ideology. Communism does not have a place in the lives of Muslims. Islam is, basically, in such a headlong collision with Communism that the two ideologies never meet. The most significant reason for Muslims’ rejection of Communism is that all Muslims believe in Almighty God, the Angels, the divinely revealed Books, God’s apostles and the Day of Judgment. Such a strong belief is neither marginal nor accidental. It is true and deep-rooted, unique, genuine and distinctive, a belief which constitutes the dynamic and propelling force of a Muslim’s life and projects itself in all matters of life and living, significant and insignificant alike.

The second reason for our rejection of Communism lies in the fact that Islam is a comprehensive religion in the sense that it is not only concerned with life after death, the spiritual or the metaphysics. Islam embraces life in the Here and the Hereafter, the body and the soul, the natural and the supernatural.

The third reason why Muslims reject Communism is that Islam provides far better solutions for all problems and ambiguities of life and living, be they political, social, economic, ideological etc than all other solutions artificially worked out by Communism or any other doctrine.

Communism is in the sense a product of European intellectual reaction to the rigidly narrow interpretation of life and nature that the Christian Church in the Middle Ages had imposed on people. In the midst of acute and irreconcilable conflicts in medieval Europe, things were not harmonized and balanced, and naturally they did not lead to stable results. Europe was in a state of reaction to an existing aberration, and consequently was carried to the opposite extreme. The Church imposed so many restrictions on the mind and all intellectual freedom. The result was an insatiable desire to exercise man’s intellectual power paying no heed to the benefit of mankind. The Church waged a severe war against science with the inevitable result that there grew among the people an insatiable hunger for acquisition of knowledge and the accumulation of scientific information so much so that science far exceeded its limited scope and significance and was turned into a man-made god worshiped by many scientists and knowledge seekers. The Church condemned all worldly pleasures and instigated people to live only for the life to come. In response to the Church’s overdose of spirituality there was a great thirst for the physical pleasures of life on earth and an obvious neglect and indifference to the Hereafter. The Church belittled and denied the physical aspect of life for the sake of spiritual purification. The inevitable result was an ardent adoration of the matter and a derogatory deprecation of the spirit. Thus Europe began to take long but gradual strides towards overall materialism which was later maximized in communist dialectic materialism.

The Buddhist society is no different from the extremist experience undergone by the European. Present day Buddhism teaches that to attain eternal redemption (Nirwana) it is imperative to give up ALL desires. One may well question the logic in this as we are taught by Buddhism to give up ALL desires to fulfill the desire to attain Nibbana. As a result desire is not annihilated and the desire to attain Nibbana yet remains.

All Buddhists would agree that Buddha’s development from infancy through childhood and adolescence to adulthood to the age of 29 to be precise was abnormal. In fact, he is the only person, perhaps in the whole history of mankind, who was deliberately kept away from the fact of suffering until he was 29 years of age. He was kept away from the view of old age, sickness, death and asceticism. And, to make matters worse, this abnormality was supplemented with another abnormality. He was fed up to his throat, so to say, with joys of this world-dancing and singing girls, good food and drink, luxurious clothes, joyful sports, and as pleasant and beautiful an abode and environment as the royal purse could afford. He was, in fact, confined in a cage of happiness! According to the Anguttara Nikaya, a canonical text from the sutta pitaka, Buddha himself is reported to have said later about his upbringing.

“Bhikkus (monks), I was delicately nurtured, exceedingly delicately nurtured, delicately nurtured beyond measure. In my father’s residence lotus ponds were made; one of blue lotuses, one of red and another of white lotuses, just for my sake…. Of kasi cloth was my turban made; of Kasi my jacket, my tunic and my cloak… I had three palaces; one for winter, one for summer and one for the rainy season. Bhikkus, in the rainy season palace, during the four months of the rains, entertained only by female musicians, I did not come down from the palace”.

At the age of 29 he came in contact with the real world-with the fact of suffering which he never knew before, and, what is just as important, with the temporary nature of the joys and happiness which he, up till then, believed to be real and permanent. It was only natural that this should give rise to an abnormal impact of the reality of suffering and the unreality of happiness on the mind of the disillusioned young man. I believe this to be the fundamental psychological explanation for the over emphasis on suffering on which Buddha founded his religion! Buddhism teaches that ‘all is suffering’ and to be redeemed one has to give up all desires as enumerated above. We would like you to visualize the scenario of whole of or a major portion of mankind choosing to attain salvation (Nibbana) through this method. If the whole of mankind choose this method, the life will come to a stand still and the human race will be wiped off from the face of the earth completely within about 100 years, as no human reproduction will take place from the time of choosing this path, due to annihilation of desire. From these extremist teachings we are observing a very sensuous, atheistic society emerging, having very scant respect for moral values and rejecting all such unnatural and abnormal precepts. Concepts similar to Marxism could easily breed under these circumstances.

In theory and practice, Communism is based on a cluster of hypotheses which are not truly scientifically proven though Communism assumes that it is the first doctrine based on scientific data. The first hypothesis in the Communist theory is that matter is everlasting and imperishable. Communism assumes that matter preceded thought and that thought is but a product of matter. Matter, Communism alleges, is the maker which made everything including man, and that the laws of matter apply to human life. Secondly, there is a certain determinism which Communists believe governs human life: materialistic, economic and historical determinism which is epitomized in dialectic and materialistic interpretation of history. Thirdly, there is the Communist assumption that individual ownership is inconsistent with basic distinctive human nature and that it is, basically and solely, the cause of all conflicts in human life. In order that human life be stabilized and human conflicts be wiped out from the earth, individual ownership should be abolished. Fourthly, Communism predicts that a day will come when people will do without the state and live like angels on the earth only when they fully apply the principle of “From everyone according to his ability, to everyone according to his need”.

Let us now discuss briefly each and every hypothesis upon which Communism (Marxism) is based in order to find out how it can fit in genuine scientific thinking.

Communists assume that matter had always been in existence and that it is imperishable. Therefore, they attribute everything to matter on the assumption that the laws of matter are unalterably permanent, stable and inevitable.

From the purely scientific point of view, geologists and physicists are unanimously in agreement that the physical universe has a specific and a definite date of birth. They may disagree on the accurate and precise date on which the universe, in its physical sense, was created. But they unanimously agree that the universe did really exist at a certain time and did not exist before. Geologists and physicists, out of sheer courtesy to the data of science itself, cannot precisely predict anything about the future-and cannot say definitely the matter is imperishable. If this hypothesis disintegrates and collapses, all dependent hypotheses, theories and applications will inevitably collapse.

Dialectical materialism and materialistic interpretation of history are both based on the concept of determinism which combines materialistic, economic and historical determinism. In the light of and in consistency with this concept, human history falls into five inevitable stages: 1. Early tribal partnership, 2. Slavery, 3. Feudalism, 4. Capitalism and, 5. Communism. Each one of these five stages is inspired by specific material causes. It has its unique economic and social aspects, its own institutions which convey and reflect its basic concepts and ideologies. For Communists, no idea or convictions can be built on non-materialistic, non-economic basis. Ideas and convictions are inextricably linked to the materialistic and economic environment of which they are but faithful reflections. The prevailing ideas and beliefs are always those of the economically dominating social class. These are always sectarian in nature confined to the specific class which has inspired them. The ideas and beliefs will never change unless some material or economic changes take place. To round off these three-dimensioned concept of determinism and Communist philosophy asserts that the world will for ever live in class conflicts until Communism comes along and rids it of inter-class conflicts by the extermination of all classes with the exception of one class only, the proletariat.

We would take up much time and space if we discussed in greater detail these entire concepts one after the other. Let us deal with one case which will, I am sure, blow up at once this collective mass of Communist ideas. The emergence of Islam and its dissemination across vast territorial stretches in the course of centuries will undoubtedly refute all allegations provided by the Communist philosophy with regard to man and matter. We shall then pose the following questions and queries to be answered by the Communist ideology.

Communism asserts that historical changes are determined solely by material and economical factors. Dialectical materialism and the materialistic interpretation of history spring mainly from the materialistic concept of man. But the emergence of Islam was not conditioned by certain traceable economic or material changes in the Arabian Peninsula. Islam carried with it a group of beliefs, ideas, principles and economic, social, political and moral disciplines completely inconsistent with those prevailing in pre-Islamic Arabia and in the whole world at that time. Islam is still distinguished from most of the currently existing disciplines in the world.

What was the material or economic changes that led mankind to the belief in the existence of One God, the Maker and Sustainer of all creation? Islam emerged and flourished in Arabia which was distressingly torn between heathenism, atheism, agnosticism. Even Christianity and Judaism which are still incapable of working out a decisive, unambiguous and clearly intelligible concept of monotheism similar to what Islam presents.

What were the material and economic changes which led to the emergence of a religion that divested the rulers from their long sustained holiness and re-established them as servants of the One and Indivisible God whom people should all worship irrespective of class, colour or race? The religion of Islam ordained that the assumed holiness with which rulers had been invested should no longer exist on both the secular and religious planes. Rulers should not be authorized to fundamentally legislate for their subjects. In fact all mankind are, from the Islamic point of view, unauthorized to devise their legislations. Allah alone, the Lord of the Worlds, is the divine legislator and Law-giver for all mankind and all people are equal before His Law. Allah organizes their rights and duties and enjoins on everyone to abide by them. Islamic law does not permit social distinctions. The entire mankind is a composite body of individuals. Each individual is independent, unique and self-responsible. But all individuals combine into one self-contained, self-sustained, harmonious, loving and compassionate community.

No material or economic change could lead to the emergence of a religion which called for the freeing of slaves either by manumission or ‘Mukatabat’. Islam allows a contract to be signed by the slave and his master according to which a certain sum of money is paid by the former to the latter within a limited period of time. When such a contract is signed the slave is allowed full freedom to do business with whomsoever he likes. If at the expiration of the assigned period the slave could pay the amount of money to his master as agreed upon in the contract signed by them, he should gain his freedom. This procedure is what is called ‘Makatabat’ in Islam. Islam abolished all sources of slavery that existed on earth with its divine teachings. Slavery by birth, slavery by race, slavery by colour, slavery by poverty……etc.

No material or economic changes could ostensibly or logically lead to the emergence of a religion which called for the immediate emancipation of women in Arabia where they were looked down upon and maltreated in pre-Islam times. Islam equalized the relations between man and woman in human rights and allowed woman the right to learn, own and sell her property. Islam gave woman the right to approve or disapprove of her marriage and claim divorce if she is not justly, decently and humanely treated by her husband. Islam gave woman other rights which non-Muslim women did not possess except only during the last two centuries after a series of feminist movements and rebellions in which women as well as morals were victimized.

More than one thousand years before the emergence of capitalism, no natural or economic changes could bring fourth a religion forbidding usury and monopoly which were the instruments of enforcing social injustice, human bondage and deprivation. No material or economic change could inspire a religion which bases all human relations: social, political and economic, on moral principles to which the poor and the rich, men and women are equally committed. Muslims, in their relations with their brother Muslims, are fully committed to these moral principles. Also in their relations with non-Muslims, Muslims abide by these moral principles in war and peace. Islam was not revealed for a particular class of people. Islamic concepts, beliefs and morals were not confined to one specific people or class. Islam was revealed to all mankind.

Therefore, we defy all Communist thoughts implied in the second hypothesis to interpret the emergence of Islam in terms of dialectical materialism. Communist determinism, material, economic and historical will inevitably fail to provide a sufficiently convincing and logical interpretation for the emergence of Islam with all its beliefs, concepts, values, principles and social, economic and moral disciplines. Islam thus emerges triumphant over all the determinism of dialectical materialism because it is a God-given religion.

They (the disbelievers, the Jews and the Christians) want to extinguish Allah’s Light (with which Muhammed (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) has been sent-Islamic Monotheism) with their mouths, but Allah will not allow except that His Light should be perfected even though the Kafirun (disbelievers) hate it.

It is He Who has sent His Messenger (Muhammed sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) with guidance and the religion of truth, to make it superior over all religions even though the Musrikun (polytheists, pagans, idolaters, disbelievers in the Oneness of Allah) hate (it). (Quran 9: 32, 33)

“Invite (all) to the Way of your Rabb (Only God, Cherisher and Sustainer) with wisdom and beautiful preaching; and argue with them in ways that are best and most gracious, for your Rabb knows best, who have strayed from His Path, and who receive guidance” (Qur’an 16:125)

“You are the best of people chosen for mankind because you command righteousness, forbid evil and believe in Allah” Qur’an 3: 110.

Communists (Marxists) assume that individual ownership is not a natural instinct but an accidental novelty in human life attributed solely to material and economic complexities in contemporary life. Early humanity, Communists allege, lived happily in a state of collective ownership and hence suffered no conflicts. When individual ownership appeared inter-personal and inter-class conflicts prevailed in the form of slavery, feudalism and capitalism. The Communism is only a return to the healthy and early life where collective ownership replaces individual ownership. All conflicts based on individual ownership are eliminated in an attempt to achieve the promised (or lost) paradise on earth. Neither science nor experiment can prove the validity or durability of this hypothesis.

In this context I would like to discuss four main points:

· a). There is no evidence that these primitive tribes did not suffer from any conflict, personal or tribal, and that sexual freedom was prevalent among all males and females. It has been proved that conflicts arose sometimes among the young men of the same tribe for the possession of a certain woman who was more beautiful, attractive and sexually appealing to some of them. Conflicts occasionally arose for the leadership of the tribe.

· b). These tribes were in a constant state of war amongst themselves. Tribal wars and invasions were launched for the usurpation of land, arms, women or all. If we contend that individual ownership did not exist among the members of these tribes, inter-tribal wars arose for the possession of land, property, arms, women…..etc. Instead of the individual or the class in recent history, the tribe constituted the unit which owned and fought for sovereignty.

· c). The existence of collective ownership within the tribe is not sufficient proof that the spirit of individual ownership did not exist among the members of the tribe. The apparent non-existence of individual ownership may be ascribed to the absence of anything to owned or destined to be owned by the individual. But with the emergence of something that can be owned by the individual, individual ownership arose. Communists admit that individual ownership arose with the discovery of agriculture. Individual ownership had been latent in the tribal community. It appeared when circumstances became favourable for its emergence.

· d). Practical experiment proved that collective ownership failed to replace individual ownership as incentive to work. The continuous decrease in the production of wheat in the old Soviet Union is an example in point. Russia, prior to Bolshevik revolution, which used to export wheat, began to import from USA, despite the fact that the richest wheat fields in the world are found in the Ukraine in USSR. Wheat production has always been decreasing. This has led Russia to change its agricultural policy and allow a reasonable portion of individual ownership as an incentive to encourage more production of wheat.

With the abolition of individual ownership which Communists believe is the principal and only cause of all conflicts, the Communist block is continually exposed to ideological and political conflicts. Between Trotsky and Lenin, Stalin and Beria, Khrushchev and the members of the Central Committee and the Political Bureau, there were eternal conflicts. Even after the establishment of collective leadership there arose a conflict in which one of their leaders was ousted. Afterwards, emerged a serious conflict between Russia and China for the ideological leadership of the Communist world. Communism thrives on conflicts and is a root cause of all conflicts.

After Gorbachev, emerged a new economic order in Russia and we are witnessing a rapid growth and prosperity due to the open economic policy implemented successfully. China gradually stepped in to the open economic policy of private ownership and has proved to be a tremendous success after years of setbacks. Communism is part of history and does not appear to be a valid currency in any social setup.

Marx gave a public statement about religion when he said that, “Religion is the opium of peoples”, Marx may have referred to a particular reality which Europe has witnessed when feudal lords and capitalists used to provoke in the minds and hearts of the working masses a long-desired dream for eternal bliss in the Hereafter to make up for the humiliation and repression inflicted upon them in this world.

Marx made a public statement about religion in general and in all circumstances. We need not discuss Marxian concept of religion but we only mention this fact, that Communism, which considers religion as an intoxicant and opium to all people, is now using more serious intoxicants to divert the minds of the working class into acceptance of hardship, humiliation, suppression and dehumanization.

Now Communists promise unrealizable dreams. They create a dream land to divert the masses from expressing their dissatisfaction with the bitter living conditions they face. From the very outset, Communists used to attract the masses by stimulating and provoking class conflicts among them. They hate religion because it endeavours to eliminate hatred, envy and anger among all people. Communists used to promise the downtrodden working masses that once Communism became a reality, workers will own their factories and farmers will take possession of their land and capitalism and feudalism will be completely wiped out.

Collective ownership proved to be a big fallacy. No one owns anything in fact, nor does anyone feel this ownership. All are but humiliated slaves. The state is the only master. The state authorities particularly the party leaders, political bureau, central committee, have all the power in their hands. They live in villas, palaces and own luxurious and expensive cars, whereas the proletariats, the working class, in whose name the state authorities rule, have to toil and work. The working masses are mere cogs in the huge state machinery. They live in poor houses, wear uncomfortable clothes and eat indecent food. In such worsened living conditions, Communism had to use intoxicants to extinguish the flames of rebellion among the working masses, to make the masses tolerate and put up with the social and economic afflictions imposed upon them. Communists assume that the working masses suffer hardship because national production is relatively insufficient to meet the local requirements. If production increases the law of “From each according to his ability to each according to his need” will be fully applied. Communists assume that they live under the heavy pressure of the state and in the tight grip of espionage circles because they have to confront their enemies. Once they crush their enemies, Communists will form a unified universal government which will uphold and spread justice among all peoples and put an end to all forms of humiliation and oppression. Not only that, eventually the day will come when government will not have to exercise its functions. People will live as angels with no conflicts, disputes, prisons, police force, or suppression among them. What a ridiculous dream, what a utopian expectation. With such foolish illogical assumptions and fabrications, Communism appeals to young men and women inside and outside the Communist camp to believe in Marxist philosophy. When they are caught into the net of Communism they will not be able to escape. History tells us that the Hungarians and Czechoslovakians were crushed under Communist tanks when they tried to break off the Communist orbit and regain their freedom. Communist Russia gave Hungarians and Czechoslovakians an unforgettable lesson so that they would never claim their freedom.

Communism states unequivocally that one who owns is one who rules. Hence one rules for his own interests and those of the class to which he belongs. Therefore, he devises and originates all the concepts and beliefs which are compatible with his own interests and the interests of his class. This unmistakably applies to the laws and legislations conceived and introduced throughout the ages. In the age of feudalism feudal lords owned large stretches of land and exercised their own power on the land serfs. They ruled against the interests of the “people” who were but the masses of the land serfs. Capitalists did the same thing. They possessed everything and ruled for their own interests and not for the interests of the working class. Communists raise up a big fallacy when they assume that they are an exception to the rule. They say that Communism has been introduced to fight and defeat all forms of oppression, social, economical, or ideological. The proletariat rule and own everything. Its supremacy is mainly directed to safeguard its own interests against “none” for it will have dissolved and liquidated all other social classes. The proletariats do not rule in the true sense of the word. A group of individuals rule in the name of the proletariat. They crush, oppress and subjugate the proletariat in their capacity as individuals or as the “state” which own, rule and suppress all others. As long as the rulers devise and apply their own legislations, oppression on earth will remain and humanity will remain divided into masters and slaves into the powerful and the powerless into the rich and the poor.

In one case only this rule does not apply. Injustice will be uprooted from the face of the earth if people do not devise and implement their own basic legislations. When the Divine Law of God replaces the man-made law all owners and non owners, the rulers and the ruled will be subject to the God given Law and all forms of injustice will be ruled out from the earth. This is ISLAM.

Islam is not merely a set of beliefs rooted in the hearts of Muslims though faith constitutes a basic and an indivisible part of it. Islam is a Divine comprehensive system of life in all its aspects, political, economical, social, ideological and moral. Therefore it is the only religion which actively responds to the requirements of the human body and soul and of life at large. Faith in God is indispensable for man. Man is naturally and instinctively a worshipper. The difference between one man and another does not lie in that this man is a worshipper and that one is not. The difference lies in that one man worships God Almighty and the other worships something else, an idol, a star, a human being, or even nature. Man may worship his own self, the state, the leader, the political party, an ideology, materials of production, the dollar, or even science, or intellect or the base human instincts. All these are stray forms of worship which will lead man into all indecencies and divert him from his honourable decent human nature. The real worth of man is inspired by the god he worships. If he worships the true God, man will be duly honoured and respected. Allah says in the Holy Quran: “We have honoured the sons of Adam, provided them with transport on land and sea, given them for sustenance things good and pure and conferred on them special favours above a great part of Our Creation” )Chapter 17:Verse 70). If man worships another god, he will degenerate himself with his own man-made god and sink into the lowest of the low.

There can be no doubt that Marx founded his theory on the backward industrial situation of the nineteenth century. Workers were in the main manual; they toiled for bread, were greatly exploited and suffered endlessly. Marx could never have anticipated the changes brought about by the scientific and technological revolution of the twentieth century. Workers today enjoy the luxury of sitting at panels with push-button switches, factories are run by computers, and instead of an army of tired workmen, we see comfortable employees protected by many trade unions and social insurance laws (against disability, old age and illness) and having every chance of education and medical treatment. Marx could never have foreseen the flexibility of capitalism and its capacity for developing a new industrial situation in which workers have stakes in the capital, as has happened in many Japanese, Italian, French and British firms. Hence the dissociation of Marxist thought from the reality of our century. Indeed, in the prevailing conditions of today, Marxism may be regarded as reactionary.

All Marx’s predictions, based on his dialectical method have proved to be wrong.

Marx has predicted that the Communist Revolution would break out not in a backward society but in an advanced, capitalist, industrial one, such as the British or the German. He was wrong: Communism struck root in a backward, agricultural society, as happened in Russia and China.

He had predicted that the gap between the bourgeoisie and the proletariat in capitalist states would consistently grow and that the situation would deteriorate so much that a revolution would break out to destroy the entire capitalist system. In fact the reverse of this actually occurred in capitalist countries: thanks to a series of reforms and trade unionist activity the gap has narrowed and class differences have diminished, while it is in Communist states that a conflict has broken out and intensified.

Marx had predicted that capitalism would lead to more concentration of money in colossal monopolies, making the rich richer and the poor poorer. What actually happened was that capital has tended to split up through the establishment of joint stock companies and that through inheritance, land ownership also tended to split up naturally.

Marx has predicted that a devastating economic crisis would practically crush the capitalist system following an imbalance between supply and demand, (namely that as a result of extreme poverty the rate of demand and purchasing power of workers would be too low for ever-rising levels of production). However all economic crises in capitalist countries have so far been temporary. Furthermore, according to Marx’s theory of ‘surplus value’ workers’ wages in capitalist countries should merely fulfill their minimum living requirements, but, thanks to new legislation, trade unionist activity and capitalist self-modification, workers’ wages in many European countries rose to remarkable levels of affluence, thus entirely refuting Marx’s theory.

The most serious flaw in Marxism is, perhaps, that it insists on being a comprehensive system of thought which has an answer to every question and a solution to every problem. He who does not accept this comprehensiveness has no claim to Marxism. Indeed, Marxists believe their worst enemies to be the eclectic-those who accept (or reject it) partially. This rigidity is the weakest aspect of Marxism. In contrast, there is an obvious intellectual flexibility in capitalist states, as well as an ability to absorb the ideas of their opponents and benefit by them regardless of ideology. Many capitalist states have adopted nationalization in an attempt to defeat the evils of exploitation and monopoly.

For all its ideological fanaticism, Marxism has not been comprehensively applied anywhere. Whenever it came to actual application, ‘comprehensive’ Marxism has always been rejected, the reason being a basic weakness in Marxism which we may term ‘methodological arbitration’.

Such arbitrariness of method as is found in historical materialism, may be illustrated by its very dialectic, based as it is on the idea of a single factor in operation down human history, namely the economic factor, which Marx regards as the root cause of all historical phenomena. This mode of thought has come to be rejected as unscientific. The accepted view today is that we cannot interpret social phenomena in terms of a sole, independent and externally isolable factor; we cannot even regard one factor as principal and another as secondary or subordinate in as much as the relation between ’cause’ and ‘effect’ is complex and changing. Instead, we may mark out numerous factors which affect one another and observe the changes in this dynamic process, for what may seem principal today may prove to be secondary tomorrow and so on.

The economic factor cannot be regarded as primum mobile, there are national, psychological, racial and ideological factors which may play an even greater part in shaping history than the economic.

Because Marx did not found his theory on the evidence of the entire history of man but on that of a few, carefully selected historical stages, the laws which he deduced cannot be valid for a reading of all history; indeed, they cannot be regarded strictly as laws. His materialistic interpretation of history, namely that it had always been production methods and employer-worker relationships that built up the social superstructure (including art and thought and religion), constituted a naïve simplification of many interconnected and highly complex processes. Any modern theory is ineluctably based on multiple factors and the principle of reciprocal causality, so that a given factor may be seen as both cause and effect at once. Thought and invention are likely to introduce changes in methods of production and worker-employer relations but the latter two can hardly produce any system of thought; religion can change social relations while social relations cannot create a religion, as amply evidenced by the birth of ISLAM itself.

Islam was not the creation of a class-based community. It was neither a reactionary religion designed to protect the property of tyrants and oppressors nor a drug to induce the poor to accept their poverty. It called on people to enjoy life in moderation and to fight all forms of oppression and exploitation. Nor was it the result of a revolution in the methods of production and worker-employer relations in Quraish. It was a super structural phenomenon independent of environmental factors. From the start Islam established the principles of equal opportunities for all, a guaranteed and adequate level of income for each citizen and an economic balance between the individual and society. It also introduced a system of private ownership, public ownership, and a guided but free economy. All this was introduced in the Arabian Peninsula at a time when neither production conditions nor employer-worker relations called for any change. Consequently, Islam cannot be seen to have sprung out of a particular economic situation. Thus the historical logic of Marxism is defeated and the materialistic theory that a revolution in the production system and worker-employer relations is followed by a political revolution is utterly defeated.

One of the worst excesses of Marxism is its bestowal of a mythical aura of purity and virtue on the proletariat (the working class), as though they were the ‘chosen people’ or an alien race of Martians. Today, as a result of a discrepancy in income between skilled and unskilled labour, this class has itself split into two opposed ones. It is not surprising, therefore, that in view of such obvious gaps in the theory and practice of Marxism many writers and politicians who had once adopted it have now turned away from it. Disenchanted with it, many old socialists today criticize and even oppose it. To state in this context that we belong neither to capitalist ‘right’ nor to Marxist ‘left’ is not to imply that ours is an ideological mean between the two extremes. Ours is an independent contribution to political thought – all our own. We have rejected the dictatorship of the proletariat and substituted a method based on the alliance of the working forces of the population, covering all sectors and classes. We do not regard religion as a reactionary force but as a moving force, as a constructive energy and as a progressive thought – more progressive than all available theories.

Ahadith On the Virtues of Masjid al-Aqsa

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Infograph source: Islamiclandmarks.com

Masjid Al-Aqsa – The Second House of Allah on Earth
1, Abu Dharr (radhiyallahu anhu) reported that he asked the Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam), “O Messenger of Allah, which Masjid was built first on earth”? The Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) replied, “The Sacred Masjid of Makkah”. Abu Dharr (radhiyallahu anhu) again asked, “Which was next”? The Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) said, “Masjid Al-Aqsa”. Abu Dharr (radhiyallahu anhu) further asked, “How long was the period between the building of the two Masjids”? The Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) said, “Forty years”. Apart from these, offer your prayer anywhere when it is time to pray, although excellence is in praying in these Masjids”. (Bukhari)

The Importance of Visiting Masjid Al-Aqsa
2, Abu Hurayrah (radhiyallahu anhu) relates that the Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) said, “You should not undertake a special journey to visit any place other than the following three Masjids with the expectations of getting greater reward: the Sacred Masjid of Makkah (Ka’bah), this Masjid of mine (the Prophet’s Masjid in Madinah), and Masjid Al-Aqsa (of Jerusalem)”. In another narration the words are, “For three Masjids a special journey may be undertaken: The Sacred Masjid (Ka’bah), my Masjid and Masjid of Jerusalem (Al-Aqsa). (Muslim, Bukhari, Abu Dawud)

Greater Virtue of praying in Masjid Al-Aqsa
3, Abu Darda (radhiyallahu anhu) relates that the Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wasallqm) said, “A prayed in Makkah (Ka’bah) is worth 1000,000 times (reward), a prayer in my Masjid (Madinah) is worth 1,000 times and a prayer in Al-Aqsa Sanctuary is worth 500 times more reward than anywhere else”. (Tabarani, Bayhaqi, Suyuti)

4, Anas Ibn Malik (radhiyallahu anhu) relates that the Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) said, ” The prayer of a person in his house is a single prayer; his prayer in the Masjid of his people has the reward of 27 prayers; his prayer in the Masjid in which the Friday prayer is observed has the reward of 500; his prayer in Masjid Al-Aqsa (i.e. Al-Aqsa Sanctuary) has a reward of 5,000 prayers; his prayer in my Masjid (the Prophet’s Masjid in Madinah) has a reward of 50,000 prayers, and the prayer in the Sacred Masjid (Ka’bah) has the reward of 100,000 prayers”. (Tirmidhi, Ibn Majah)

The Importance of Donating to Masjid Al-Aqsa 
5, Abdullah Ibn Umar (radhiyallahu anhu) relates, I asked the Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam), “Apostle of Allah, tell us the legal injunction about (visiting) Bayt Al-Maqdis (Jerusalem).” The Apostle of Allah (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) said, ”Go and pray there. If you cannot visit it and pray there, then send some oil to be used in the lamps”. (Bukhari)

6, Maymunah Bint Sa’d (radhiyallahu anha) relates that she asked the Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam), “O Messenger of Allah, inform us about Bayt Al-Maqdis (Jerusalem)”. He said, “Visit it for prayer “. She further asked, “If one of us cannot visit it, what should we do”? He said, “If you cannot go for prayer then send some oil to be used for its lamps, will be as if he has prayed in it”. (Ahmad, Ibn Majah, Abu Dawud, Tabarani)

The Virtues of Wearing Ihram From Masjid Al-Aqsa
7, Umm Salamah (radhiyallahu anha) relates that the Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) said, “If anyone puts on Ihram for Hajj or Umrah from Masjid Al-Aqsa and then proceeds to the Sacred Masjid (Ka’bah), their past and future sins will be forgiven, or they will be entered into Paradise”. (Abu Dawud)

The Blessed Land of Masjid Al-Aqsa
8, Zaid Ibn Thabit (radhiyallahu anhu) reports that the Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) said, “How blessed is Al-Sham”! The Companions (ra) asked, “Why is that”? The Messenger (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) replied, “I see the Angels of Allah spreading their wings over Al-Sham”. Ibn Abbas (radhiyallahu anhu) added, “And the Prophets lived therein. There is not a single inch in Al-Quds (Jerusalem) where a Prophet has not prayed or an Angel not stood”. (Tirmidhi, Ahmad)

9, The Prophet Mohammed (saw) said, “Allah has blessed what lies between Al-‘Arish (in Egypt) and the Euphrates and has made Palestine particularly Holy”. (Kanz Al-Umal)

Masjid Al-Aqsa – The First Qiblah (direction of prayer)
10, Abdullah Ibn Umar (radhiyallahu anhu) narrates, “We prayed along with the Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) facing Al-Quds (Jerusalem) for 16 or 17 months. Then Allah ordered him saw) to turn his face towards the Ka’bah (in Makkah). (Bukhari)

11, Al-Bara (radhiyallahu anhu) added, “Before we changed our direction towards the Ka’bah in prayer, some Muslims had died or had been killed and we did not know what to say about them (regarding their prayers). Allah then revealed: And Allah would never make your faith (prayers) to be lost (i.e. the prayers of those Muslims facing Bayt Al-Maqdis were valid) {2:143} (Bukhari)

Masjid Al-Aqsa – The Station of Al-Isra and Al-Miraj
12, Abu Hurayrah (radhiyallahu anhu) narrates that the Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) said, “On the night journey Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu alayhi wasallan) was taken on a night journey (Al-Isra and Al-Miraj), two cups, one containing wine and the other containing milk were presented to him (saw) at Al-Quds (Jerusalem). He looked at them and took the cup of milk. Angel Gabriel said, “Praise be to Allah, who guided you to Al-Fitrah (the right path); if you had taken (the cup of) wine, your Ummah would have gone astray”. (Bukhari)

13, Regarding the statement of Allah in the Holy Quran, “And We granted the vision (ascension to the Heavens) which we made you see (as an actual eye witness) was only made as a trial for the people”. (17:60) Ibn Abbas (radhiyallahu anhu) said, “The sights which Allah’s Apostle was shown on the Night journey where he was taken to Bayt Al-Maqdis (i.e. Jerusalem) were actual sights, (not dreams). And the Cursed tree (mentioned) in the Quran is the tree of Zaqqum. (Bukhari)

14, Jabir Ibn Abdullah (radhiyallahu anhu) relates that the Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) said, “When the people of Quraysh did not believe me (i.e. the story of his Miraculous Night Journey), I stood up in Al-Hijr and Allah displayed Bayt Al-Maqdis (Jerusalem in front of me, and I began describing it to them while I was looking at it”. (Bukhari)

15, Abdullah Ibn Hawwala (radhiyallahu anhu) reports that the Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) said, “I saw on the night of Al-Isra and Al-Miraj (the Night Journey) a white column resembling a pearl which the Angels were carrying . I asked them, “What are you carrying”? They said, “The Column of the Book, we have been ordered to place it in Al-Sham. Later in my sleep, I saw the Column of the Book being taken away from under my headrest. I began to fear lest Allah the Almighty had abandoned the people of the earth. My eyes followed the Column of the Book. It was a brilliant light in front of me. Then I saw it was placed in A;-Sham. (Tabarani)

16, Anas (radhiyallahu anhu) relates that the Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) said, “I was brought the Buraq, a tall white beast, bigger than a donkey, smaller than a mule. It could place his hooves at the farthest boundary of his gaze. I mounted it until I arrived at Bayt Al-Maqdis. I tied it at the ring where the Prophets tied it before (i.e. Buraq Wall or the Western Wall). I entered Masjid Al-Aqsa Sanctuary and prayed 2 rak’ah there…” (Muslim)

Masjid Al-Aqsa – The Place for Major Events
17, Mujamma Ibn Al-Harith (radhiyallahu anhu) narrates that the Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) said, “Ibn Maryam (Jesus) will kill Al-Dajjal (the Anti-Christ) at the door of Ludd (a town in Palestine)”. (Ahmad, Tirmidhi)

18, The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) said regarding Al-Dajjal: “He will stay in the land forty days; he will enter every place on earth except the Ka’bah, the Prophet’s Masjid, Al-Aqsa Sanctuary and Mount Sinai”. (Ahmad)

19, Nahik Ibn Suraym Al-Sakuni (radhiyallahu anhu) relates that the Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) said, “You will fight the pagans until the remnant of you fights on the river of Jordan, you to the east of it (present day Jordan) and they to the west of it (occupied Palestine)”. (Ibn Hajar Al-Asqalani)

20, Maymunah Bint Sa’d (radhiyallahu anha) reports that she asked the Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam), “O Messenger of Allah, give us a pronouncement about Al-Quds (Jerusalem)”. The Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) replied, “It is the land where they will be raised (Al-Hashr) and gathered (Al-Mahshar)”. (Ahmad, Tabarani)

21, Muadh Ibn Jabal (radhiyallahu anhu) relates that the Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) said, “The Flourishing state of Al-Quds (Jerusalem) (under the non-Muslims) will be taken when Yathrib is in ruins, the ruined state of Yathrib will be when the Great War comes, the outbreak of the Great War will be at the conquest of Constantinople and the conquest of Constantinople when Al-Dajjal (Anti-Christ) comes forth”. He (the Prophet) struck his thigh with his hand and said, “This is as true as you are here or as you are sitting (meaning Muadh Ibn Jabal). (Abu Dawud)

22, Awf Ibn Malik (radhiyallahu anhu) reports that the Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) said, “The rest of the world will be destroyed forty years before Al-Sham is”. (Ibn Asakir)

23, The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) said regarding the inhabitants of the blessed land, “They and their wives, children and slaves (male and female) are in ribat (guardians, literally a fort) in the cause of Allah”. (Tabarani)

24, Al-Nawwas Ibn Saman Al-kalbi (radhiyallahu anhu) narrates that the Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) said, “If Al-Dajjal comes forth while I am amongst you then I shall dispute with him on your behalf, but if he comes after I am not with you, a man must dispute on his own behalf, and Allah will take to protecting every Muslim. Those of you who live up to his time should recite over him the opening verses of Surah Kahf, for they are your protection from his trial”. We asked, “How long will he remain on earth”? He (saw) replied, “Forty days, one like a year (1 day will be equivalent to 1 year), one like a month, one like a week and the rest of his days like yours”? We asked, “Will one day’s prayer suffice us in the day which will be like a year”? He replied, “No, you must estimate of its extent. Then Isa (Jesus), son of Maryam (Virgin Mary) will descend at the white minaret to the east of Damascus. He will then catch Al-Dajjal up at the gates of Ludd and kill him”. (Abu Dawud)

Masjid Al-Aqsa – The place of Mujahideen
25, Umamah Al-Bahili (radhiyallahu anhu) reports that the Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) said, “A group of my Ummah will remain on truth, they will vanquish their enemy and those who disagree with them will not be able to harm them until Allah commands”. “Where are these people”? The Companions (ra) asked. The Prophet (saw) said, “In and around Al-Quds (Jerusalem). (Ahmad)

26, Mu’awiyah Ibn Sufyan (radhiyallahu anhu) relates that the Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) said, “There is a group among my followers who will continue to be openly on the truth. No one who opposes them can harm them until the coming of the Hour”. The Companions (radhiyallahu anhum) asked, “Where will they be”? The Messenger of Allah said, “They will be in and around Bayt Al-Maqdis (i.e. Jerusalem)”. (Ahmad)

27, Abu Hurayrah (radhiyallahu anhu) relates that the Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) said, “A group of my Ummah will not cease to fight at the gates of Damascus and at the gates of Al-Quds (Jerusalem) and its surroundings. The betrayal or desertion of whoever deserts them will not harm them in the least. They will remain victorious, standing for the truth, until the Final Hour rises”. (Tabarani)

Masjid Al-Aqsa – The Best Place of Residence
28, Abdullah Ibn Umar (radhiyallahu anhu) reports that the Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) said, There will be migration upon migration. The best of the inhabitants of earth will reside where Prophet Ibrahim (Abraham) migrated (Jerusalem)”. (Abu Dawud)

Masjid Al-Aqsa – The Desired Site of Musa (Moses)
29, Abu Hurayrah (radhiyallahu anhu) reports that the Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) said, “The Angel of death was sent to Musa. When he came to Musa, Musa punched him on the eye. The Angel returned to Allah and said, “You sent me to a servant who does not want to die”. Allah ordered the Angel, ‘Return to him and tell him to put his hand on the back of an ox and for every hair that will come under it, he will be granted one year of life’. Musa asked, “O Lord! What will happen after that”? Allah replied, ‘Then death’. Musa decided, let it be now’. Musa then requested Allah to let him die close to the Sacred Land (near Masjid Al-Aqsa) so much so that he would be at a distance of a stone’s throw form it”. Abu Hurayrah (radhiyallahu anhu) added, the Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) then said, “If I were there, I would show you his grave below the red sand hill on the side of the road”. (Bukhari)

Liberation of Masjid Al-Aqsa Prophesied
30, Awf Ibn Malik relates, “I went to the Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) during the battle of Tabuk while he was sitting in a leather tent. He said, ‘Awf, Count six signs, between now and the approach of the Hour (Qiyamah/Doomsday): my death, the conquest of Al-Quds (Jerusalem); a plague that will afflict you (and kill you in great numbers) as the plague that afflicts sheep; the increase of wealth to such an extent that even if one is given 100 hundred Dinars (Arabian currency), he will not be satisfied; then an affliction which no Arab house will escape; and then a truce between you and Banu Asfar (i.e. Byzantines) who will betray you and attack you under eighty flags. Under each flag will be twelve thousand soldiers”. (Bukhari)

31, Shadad Ibn Aws (radhiyallahu anhu) reports that the Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) said, “Sham will be conquered and Al-Quds (Jerusalem) will be conquered and you or your sons will be Imams there, if Allah will”. (Tabarani)

The Preference of Masjid Al-Aqsa
32, Once the Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) advised Abdullah Ibn Hawwala (radhiyallahu anhu) to join the army in al-Sham, over any other. However, the Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam), noticing Ibn Hawwala’s indifference said, “Do you know what Allah says about Al-Sham? Allah said, ‘Al-Sham you are the quintessence of My lands (safwati min biladi) and I shall inhabit you with the chosen ones among My servants’”. (Tabarani)

33, Abdullah Ibn Amr (radhiyallahu anhu) reports that the Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) repeated the following statement three times: “When the dissension takes place belief shall be in Al-Sham”. One version of hadith states, “safety will be in Al-Sham”. (Tabarani)

34, Abdullah Ibn Hawwala reports that the Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) said, “At some point you will be (split into) standing armies: one army in Al-Sham, on in Yemen and one in Iraq”. Abdullah Ibn Hawala asked he Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam), “Choose for me, Messenger of Allah in case I live to see that day”. The Prophet (Sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) replied, “You must go to Al-Sham, for it is the chosen land of Allah in all His earth. He protects, by sending them there, the chosen ones among His servants. If you do not wish to go there, then go to Yemen. Allah has given me guarantee concerning Al-Sham and its people. (Abu Dawud, Ahmad)

Masjid Al-Aqsa – The Site of the Future Caliphate
35, Abdullah Ibn Hawwala Al-Azdi (radhiyallahu anhu) reported, the Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) put his hand on my head and said, “Ibn Hawwala if you see that the Caliphate has taken abode in the Holy Land then the earthquakes and tribulations and great events are at hand. The last Hour on that day will be closer to people than my hand is to your head”. (Ahmad, Abu Dawud)

36, Yunus Ibn Maysarah  relates that the Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) said, “This matter (the Caliphate) will be after me in Madinah, then Al-Sham, then Al-Jazira, then Iraq, then in Madinah, then in AL-quds (Jerusalem). If it is in Al-Quds, its home country is there, and if any people expel it, it will not return there forever”. (Ibn Asakir)

37, Al-Numan Ibn Bashir (radhiyallahu anhu) relates that the Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) said, “Prophethood will last with you for as long as Allah wants it. Then Allah will end it if He wishes to end it. Then there will be the Rightly Guided Caliphs according to the method of Prophethood and things will be as Allah wishes them. Then Allah will end it if He wishes it. Then there will be a voracious kingdom and things will be as Allah wishes them. Then Allah will end it if He wishes. Then there will be Khilafah (Caliphate) according to the method of Prophethood. Thereafter the Prophet (saw) fell silent”. (Ahmad)

38, Abd Al-Rahman Ibn Abi Umayrah (radhiyallahu anhu) relates that the Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) said, “There will be an oath of allegiance according to guidance in Al-Quds (Jerusalem)”. (Bukhari, Muslim)

Masjid Al-Aqsa – The Place Where Allah’s Revelation Descended
39, Abu Umama (radhiyallahu anhu) reports that the Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) said, “Prophethood descended upon me in three places: Makkah, Madinah and Al-Sham. Once it is brought out from any of them, it shall never return to it”. (Abu Dawud) In another narration it states, “The Quran was revealed in three places – Makkah, Madinah and Al-Sham”. (Tabarani) Ibn Kathir, the great scholar of Islam, said, “Al-Sham here means Bayt Al-Maqdis (Jerusalem). (Abu Dawud, Tabarani)

Masjid Al-Aqsa – Mentioned By Name In The Holy Quran
40, Aishah (radhiyallahu anha) reports that the Prophet (saw) used to recite Surah Al-Isra every night in his prayer:
Glorified (and Exalted) be He (Allah) Who took His slave (Muhammad Sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) for a journey by night from Al-Masjid-al-Haram (at Makkah) to the farthest mosque (in Jerusalem), the neighbourhood whereof We have blessed, in order that We might show him (Muhammad SAW) of Our Ayat (proofs, evidences, lessons, signs, etc.). Verily, He is the All-Hearer, the All-Seer. (17:1)

May Allah Ta’ala protect Masjid al-Aqsa and protect its surroundings from the enemies. Aameen.

Ulama-E-Ummati

All  praises  are  due  only  unto  Allah,  Most  High.  All  Glory  be  unto  Him  Whose  Knowledge  encompasses  every  granule,  atom, leaf,  drop,  particle,  speck  and  spot.  Exalted  is  He  in  Whose  Knowledge  lies  the  creation’s  silent  thoughts  and  unborn  ideas,  quiet  whispers and  hushed  hopes,  unspoken  wishes  and  unvoiced  fears.  All  Magnificence  belongs  to  Him and  Him  Alone  who  has  paved  the  Way  to  His  Doors  with  the  valuable  gems  of  Knowledge. 

Peace  and  Salutations  be  upon  our  Beloved  Nabi Muhammed  Sallallahu  Alayhi  Wasallam,  the Leader  of  mankind,  whose  rays  of  Knowledge  are  reflected  in  the  radiance  of  the  sun.  Had  the water  of  the  oceans  been  ink,  the  forests  of  the  world  pens,  and  the  surface  of  the  earth  a  slab,  it  would  not  be  possible  to  do  justice  to  the  inscribed  vast  treasure  of  the  Knowledge  of  Rasullullah Sallallahu  Alayhi  Wasallam.  

Indeed,  his  Knowledge  confounds  the  intelligent,  shames  the  intellectuals  and  smothers  philosophers,  theorists  and  logicians.  Wrapped  up  in  his  Blessed,  Sacred  words  are  secrets,  which, like  an  oyster,  contain  pearls  of  indescribable  Wisdom.  In  the  reflection  of  these  pearls  and  the glow  of  its  light,  misguided  souls  are  unerringly  led  towards  guidance  and  salvation.  Thus,  did Rasullullah  Sallallahu  Alayhi  Wasallam  encapsulate  his  mission  by  stating:  “I  have  been  sent  as  a  teacher.”

The Ulama as a Bridge…  

Between  The  Creator,  Allah  Azza  Wajal  and  His  creation  that  is  born  in  ignorance,  lies  the  bridge  of  Knowledge.  This  is  the  bridge  which  an Aalim  spans.    The  scope  and  purpose  of  this mission,  being  none  other  than  “Ibtigha  li  Wajhillah”  (Seeking  the  Divine  Pleasure  of  Allah). Success  in  this  worthy  mission  is  based  upon knowing  with  conviction,  understanding  with clarity  and  unreservedly  practising  with  sincerity  upon  that  which  invites  the  Divine  Pleasure. 

Between  The  Creator,  Allah  Azza  Wajal  and  His  creation  that  is  born  in  ignorance,  lies  the  bridge  of  Knowledge.  This  is  the  bridge  which  an Aalim  spans.  The  scope  and  purpose  of  this  mission,  being  none  other  than  “Ibtigha  li  Wajhillah”  (Seeking  the  Divine  Pleasure  of  Allah). Success  in  this  worthy  mission  is  based  upon knowing  with  conviction,  understanding  with  clarity  and  unreservedly  practising  with  sincerity  upon that  which  invites  the  Divine  Pleasure. 

Through  the  agency  of  an  Aalim,  mankind  is  guided  to  the  Friendship  of  Allah  Ta’aala.  An Aalim’s  knowledge  lights  up the  pathway  to  Jannah.  His  Knowledge,  if  practised  upon,  is  a  shield  against  the  torments  of  Jahannam.  He  can instantaneously  inform  one  about  deeds  which  illuminate  the  dark  Qabr  and  actions  that  ward  off  the  Athaab  of  the  Qabr.  His  heart  and  mind is  a  treasure  trove  of  the  Sunnah.  In  the  glow  of the  lamp  of  his  knowledge  of  The  Shariah,  the  Ummah  distinguishes  Haqq  from  Baatil,  right  from  wrong;  Halaal  from  HaraamPaak  from  Napaak.  This  knowledge,  accumulated  systematically  over  many  years,  is  a  sacred  Amaanah  (Trust)  of  Allah  Ta’aala  and  His  Beloved  Rasul  Sallallahu  Alayhi  Wasallam,  a  Waajib  Amaanah to  be  discharged  without  fear  or  favour  to  the  Ummah.  But  what  are  the  makings  of  an  Aalim, you  may  rightfully  ask?

The  Definition  of  the  Ulama   

Extremism  is  a  nasty  sounding  word.  Nay, worse  than  the  word  are  the  implications  governing  it.  A  person,  who  loses  the  art  of  balancing  his  faculties,  is  sooner  or  later  bound  to  display  erratic  characteristics.  In  the  process  he  harms  himself  and  is  a  constant  threat  to  others. It  is  amongst  the  Ni’mats  of  Allah  Azza  Wajal  that  he  has  made  all  forms  of  extremism  Haraam in  Islam.  Our  Deen  teaches  us  moderation  in  every  aspect  of  our  lives.  This  Ummah  has  been  crowned  with  glory  by  being  branded  as “Ummat-aw-Wasat”  in  the  Glorious  Qur’aan.

We  are,  unfortunately,  living  in  an  era  of  extremism.  Whilst  some  people  elevate  the  Ulama to  the  status  of  Popes  and  even  grant  their  statements  and  views  preference  over  The  Nusoos, (Explicit  Laws  of  The  Shariah),  others  salivate with  pleasure  and  find  a  weird  lustful  joy  by  loathing  and  spitefully  bad-mouthing  them. Whilst  the  former  are  in  a  perpetual  trance  of star-gazing  –  deaf,  dumb  and  blind  to  any wrongs  perpetrated  –  the  latter  cannot  even  tolerate  the  word  “Moulana”.  The  mere  usage  of the  word  “Moulana”  is  sufficiently  abhorrent  to  them  to  make  them  cringe  with  envy,  flinch  with  jealousy  and  recoil  with  spite.  They  enviously question  the  validity  of  such  a  title  and  ignorantly  question  the  validity  of  its  usage. 

This  despite  the  fact  that  Hadhrat  Umar  Radiallahu  Anhu  once  addressed  Hadhrat  Bilaal  Radiallahu  with  the  word  “Moula”:  “Bilaal  is  our  Moula”.  “Moulana”  is  derived  from  the  Arabic word  “Moula”  which  inter  alia  means  “Respected  one,  a helper,  a  friend,  a  leader.”

The  “Na”  is  a  possessive  adjective  meaning  “our”.  Thus  the  word  “Moulana”  would mean  “Our  respected  leader,  friend,  and  helper”. The  word  marvellously, not  only  accords  a  deep   sense  of  honouring  for  a  learned  person,  but  also depicts  the  responsibilities  which  a  Moulana  has  to shoulder.  A  friend, a  helper  and a  leader  for   any  occasion a Moulana  indeed  is!

Another  word  commonly  used  for  a  ‘Moulana’  is  the  word “Aalim.” Mind  you,  though  sounding  very  unlike  “Moulana”,  there  is  not  much  difference  between  the  two.  A  person  completing  the  studies  of  a  set  of  Kitaabs,  commencing with  a  small  kitaab  called  “Meezan”  and  concluding  with  the  “Most  Authentic  Kitaab  after the  Holy  Qur’aan”,  the  Bukhari  Sharief  is  considered  to  be  an  Aalim.  The  plural  of  “Aalim”  is  “Ulama”.  After  becoming  an  Aalim  over  a  span of  six/seven  years,  a  “Moulana”  may  further  his  quest  for  knowledge  by  obtaining  expertise  in  Islamic  Jurisprudence.  Upon  successfully  completing  such  a  course,  he  is  conferred  with  the  title  of  Mufti.  Without  ever  having  studied  the relevant  Fatwa  kitaabs  under  the  tutelage  of  an  authentic  Ustaad,  for  one  to  refer  to  himself  as  a  QUALIFIED Mufti  is nothing  but  deception.

Other  than  Islam,  there  is  not  a  single  religion  that  has  managed  to  survive  the  onslaught  of  “times”  and  the  convulsions  of  an  ever  changing  social  landscape.  Jews  and  Christians  chopped and  changed,  cut  and  sliced,  added  and  subtracted  from  their  original  religion,  that,  sad  to  say,  though  they  have  billions  of  adherents  and  mind  boggling  wealth  and  military  power,  they  do  not  have  a  SINGLE  authentic  heavenly script.  Their  religion  is  devoid  of  any  spirituality  and  evolves  upon  politics  and  commercialism.  Celebrations  and  festivities  are  the  cornerstones  of  the  existence  of  their  religions.  Minus  the Christmas  and  Sunday  mass, what’s  left?  

Distortions by previous Ulama of their Shariah

The  architects  of  this  appalling  state  of  affairs  are  none  other  than  the  rabbis,  priests  and  popes.  There  is  simply  nothing  left  to  protect  in  these heavenly  ordained  religions.  Everything  has  been  wiped  off,  even  the  very  humble  act  of making  Sajdah  which  the  Bible  makes  mention of.

In  sharp  contrast  to  this  pathetic  situation,  we find  the  Deen  of  Islam,  alive  and  vibrant,  in  its  original  form. 

Not  a  dot  of  the  Qur’aan  Majeed  has  been  tampered  with,  and  it  is  impossible  for  anyone  to  fabricate  even  a  line  from  the  sayings  of  Sayyidina  wa  Nabiyyina  Muhammed  Sallallahu  Alayhi  Wasallam.  

The  differences  between  the  Ulama  and  the  various  schools  of  thought  are  based,  not  upon  whimsical  desires  and  political  necessities,  but  upon  rock-solid  foundations  from  which  rivers  of  knowledge  flow  systematically  for  its  adherents.

Yes,  the  Deen  of  Islam,  whilst  being  as  vast  as  the  desert,  is  constricted  enough  for  one  not  to get  lost.  Yes,  the  Deen  of  Islam,  whilst  gigantic  enough  to  encompass  the  needs  and  requirements  of  each and  every  individual  upon  the  surface  of  the  earth, is  unlike  a prostitute,  free  to  be  taken advantage  of,  used,  abused,  dumped  and  substituted  at  will. 

Though centuries have passed by wherein mankind bred and killed, laughed and grieved, invented and devised, evoluted, progressed and scaled dizzying heights with technological advancements, Islam adapted without losing its values; embraced without allowing itself to be squeezed; accepted without being swarmed out of existence. Though seeded in a desert fourteen centuries ago, the strong tree of our beautiful Deen will continue to provide shade for a frail and weak mankind until Qiyamah.

How the Ulama affect our daily lives

It is the Ulama who are the keepers of this tree, the water bearers of its roots. The watering of that tree is not dependent upon wealth and treasures of the wealthy, nor upon the blood spilled of a soldier or warrior. The water of that tree is ‘Ilm, the nutriments the Khashyat and fear of Allah.  And that is the essence of an Aalim.

Birth to death; Nikaah to Talaaq; trade to in-heritance – it is the Moulana with “the long beard” whom people of Imaan seek out. Look again at him – that simple Moulana, who will in all probability be in charge of our last earthly rites. The Ghusl of our dead body, the wrapping of it in a Kafn, and our Janaazah Salaah will be his lasting favour upon us. In be tween living and dying, he selflessly taught us how to recite the Holy Qur’aan and how to make Wudhu, explained to us how to make Salaah and Sajdah and even at times shared his knowledge by casting light upon the meaning of the name for our new born baby! 

Lawyers, doctors, architects, surgeons, the humble layman – somewhere along the journey of life – all of them had an Aalim as a tutor who paved and lit up the road for them to the Creator and greatest of Creation – Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam. Just as the Aalim opened the door for our understanding of Allah in this worldly life, so is he the informant of the everlasting life. For, from whom else were the details of the splendours of Jannah and the particulars of the horrors of Jahannam sourced? Who else informs us every Friday about issues which we will be confronted with on the Day of Qiyamah? True, the Aalim never dwelled upon how we could enrich our-selves with worldly wealth. Instead he imparted unto us the greatest treasure imaginable – the treasure of Imaan. 

Becoming an Aalim

The Deen finds its roots in the Arabic language. Thus the Aalim has to understand and acquaint himself with the subjects of Nahu and Sarf.  Within a few months, he would be enlightened to a simple “baa” has seventeen meanings and a “kaaf” four meanings! The Aalim has to study an in-depth ex-planation on the principles governing the Tafseer of the Holy Qur’aan, the intricate principles through which the Ahaadeeth are categorised and the complex principles upon which Islamic Jurisprudence is based. 

There are more than a dozen branches of ‘Ilm penned by such Ulama whose piety and purity are more dazzling than the midday sun. Each branch has been expounded and Allah Ta’aala has blessed the Ulama with such powerful ‘Ilm that never will this entire Ummah be united on falsehood. Rasullullah Sallallahu Alyhi Wasallam said: “Forever, there will be a group amongst my Ummah on Haqq, criticism will not harm them.”

With all these tools of ‘Ilm at his disposal, the Aalim has to filter Kufr from Imaan, sift the Sunnah from Bid’ah, judge Fisq (sin) from Birr (piety), weigh Fujoor (trangression) against compliance (Ittibaa), differentiate Ibaadah from rituals, umpire Hikmat from foolishness and distinguish Shaytaanic deceptions from reality. Upon the scales of the Shariah, the Aalim shall separate Nifaaq (hypocrisy) from Ikhlaas (sincerity), and Haqq from Baatil.

Indeed, it can be easily imagined just how deep an Aalim has to dive into the oceans of knowledge in order to gather and search for those oysters which will yield precious pearls that will adorn his existence with ‘Ilm and Khashyiyat (fear of Allah) which ultimately will take him towards his objective of Ma’arifat. He will only become a well of the water he has drank.

Moulana  Maseehullah  Khan  Saheb (Rahmatullahi  alayh)  narrated  the  following  incident: 
Once,  Imaam  Abu  Hanifah (Rahmatullahi  Alayh),  saw  a  small  boy  about  to slip  in  the  rain.  Grabbing  the  boy’s  hand,  Imaam  Saheb  steadied  him  and said:  “Be  careful,  do not slip!” 

The  boy  spontaneously  responded:  “Hadhrat, You  need  to  be  more  careful,  for  if  you  slip  the whole  world slips  with  you!”

The  words  of  that  little  boy  was  appropriate enough  to  be  narrated  down  the  corridor  of  time. It  may  have  been  addressed  to  Imaam  Abu  Hanifah   Rahmatullahi  Alayh  but  its  meaning and essence are  applicable  until  Qiyaamah  to  all  Ulama.  That  the  Ulama  are  the  brains  of  the  Ummah  is  beyond  dispute.  The  Mimbar  they  mount  is  indicative  of  the  awesome  power  they  hold.  If they  proclaim  the  Haraam  to  be  Halaal,  everyone  eats  Haraam.  If  they  proclaim  Riba  to  be legitimate  profits,  everyone  indulges  in  Riba.  In short,  if  they  slip, everyone  slips.

The  Office  of  the  Ulama  has  been  honoured  in  a spectacular  fashion  by  none  other  than  Allah Ta’aala  in the  Holy  Qur’aan.  The  word  “Ulama” is  used  by  Allah  Ta’aala  in  numerous  verses  and  referred  to  in  the  same  grand  spirit,  by  words such  as  “Ulul-‘Ilm”,  (people  of  knowledge), “Utul-‘Ilm”  (those  who  have  been  granted Knowledge),  Aalimoon  and  Aalimeen.  Hundreds  of  thousands  of  Huffaaz  memorise  these  titles  and  fear  forgetting  them,  millions  of  Muslims  throughout  the  World  recite  these  Words  in enchanting  tones  and  more  than  a  billion  and  a  half  bring  faith  and  Imaan  upon  the  Divinity  of these  sacred  words  and  titles.  Truly,  after  the Ambiya,  no  segment  of  mankind  has  been  honoured  by  Allah,  Most  High  in  The  Holy  Qur’aan in  the  manner  as  the  Ulama  have  been,  as  is  apparent from the following: 

The  Ulama in  the  Holy Qur’aan

1)  The  Ulama  and  the  Angels  attest  to  the  Tauheed  which  Allah  Ta’aala  bears  witness  to: “And  verily  Allah  bears  witness  that  there  is none  worthy  of  worship  besides  Him,  and  the Angels  and  those  who  have  been  given ‘Ilm…”

2)  The  Ulama  are  unequal  to  others:  “Are those  who  know  equal  to  those  who  do  not know ?”  Their  limbs  and  their  bodies  etc.  are  just  like  ours.  But  yet,  they  are  unequal  to  us!  There  is  something  different  in  that  heart,  in that  brain  and  on  that  tongue!  The  walking,  eating,  sleeping,  thinking,  actions  and  reactions  of  an  Aalim  are  different  from  an  ignoramus.   

3)  Allah  Ta’aala  honours  the  speech  of  the Ulama:  “And  the  Ulul-‘Ilm  said  “Woe  to  you, the  Thawaab  of  Allah  is  better  for  those  who bring  Imaan  and  do  good deeds”  The  words  of the  Ulul-‘Ilm  were  so  pregnant  with  meaning and  laden  with  reality  that  Allah  Ta’aala  preserved  them  in  His  Holy  Scripture  until  the  day  of  Qiyaamah.  The  Ulama’s  gaze  fall  far  beyond the  world  and  material  merits  of  pomp,  power, competitions  and glory.

4)  Allah  Ta’aala  boasts  of  the  Deeds  of  the  Ulama:  “Verily  when  the  Aayaat  were  recited to  the  Ulul-‘Ilm of  before,  they  fell  prostrate whilst  sobbing.”

Such  are  the  humble  qualities  of  the  Ulama  – Sajdah  and  Sobbing  –  which  keeps  them  in proximity  unto  Allah  Ta’aala! 

5)  Allah  Ta’aala  quotes  the  Ulama’s  speech  on  the  Day  of  Qiyamah:  “And  you  did not  live  but  for  a  few  moments  in  your  worldly life.”

Here  we  find  the  Ulama’s  intelligence  being  acknowledged  and  their  analysis  of  the  worldly  life  being  quoted  even  before  Qiyaamat  takes  place!  

6)  Allah  Ta’aala’s  promise  to  the  Ulama:  “And those  who  were  granted  ‘Ilm ,  for  them  there are  stages…”

Positions  and  rank  –  a  Promise  from  Allah, Most  True  to  the  Ulama  who  are  the  viceroys and inheritors  of  the  Prophets  (Peace  be  upon all of  them)!  

7)  The  Ulama  –  a  solid  shield  against  criticism of  Rasullullah  Sallallahu  Alayhi  Wasallam: “And  they  (the  hypocrites)  say  (sarcastically)  to those  who  were  granted  Knowledge “What did  he  (Muhammed  Sallallahu  Alayhi  Wasallam)  say  just  now?”
Since  the  hypocrites  could  not  decant  and  discharge  their  hatred  directly  at  Rasullullah Sallallahu  Alayhi  Wasallam,  they  chose  the  Messenger’s  messengers  –  the  Ulama  as  their  targets.  The  hearts  of  the  Ulama  are  regularly  pierced  by the  arrows  of  criticism  meant  for  their  Chief  and their  Leader,  Muhammed  Sallallahu  Alayhi  Wasallam.  Such  is  the  love  they  possess  for  Rasullullah  Sallallahu  Alayhi  Wasallam,  that  each striking arrow  is  worthy  of  a  kiss  (couplet):

“An arrow  meant  for  him  (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam)  struck this  fortunate one

O for  the  joy  and the  luck of  this  sinful  one,

The  secret  message  of  Love  shall  be  written with flowing  blood

If  only  but  the  flow  would turn into an everlasting flood” 

8)  Another  quote  of   The  Ulama  on  the  day  of Qiyamah:  “And  those  who  were  given  ’Ilm and  Imaan  will  say:  “And  verily  this  is  the  day of  resurrection  but  you  did  not  want  to  know about  it.”   

Today,  people  yawn  out  of  boredom  and  incomprehension  when  the  Ulama  speak;  they  mock and  jest.  However  tomorrow  when  the  wax  is left  behind  in  the  Qabr  and  they  stand  under  the scorching  sun  of  Qiyamah,  will  they  indeed  wish that  they  had listened!  

9)  In  the  heart  of  an  Aalim  lies  a  treasure  trove of  Nabuwwat:  “But,  there  are  open  Aayaat (signs)  which  are  in  the  hearts  of  those  who have  been   granted  ‘Ilm .”   

10)  Who  recognises  the  signs  of  Allah  Ta’aala? “And  verily  in it  there  are  signs  for  the  Ulama. ”

In  this  Aayat,  Allah  Ta’aala  specifically  singles out  The  Ulama  for  being  worthy  of    recognising His Signs!

11)  Who  can  foremostly  distinguish  the  parables  mentioned in  the  Holy  Qur’aan?    
“And  these  are  the  parables  mentioned  which we  make  mention  of  to  Mankind.  And  none  can understand it  except  the  Aalimoon ”.

12)  The  Ulama  are  the  ones  who  fear  Allah Ta’aala:  “And  verily  the  Ulama are  the  ones fear  Allah Ta’aala”.  

The  Ulama  are  a  mine  of  Khashiyat  (Divine Fear).  Their  knowledge  guides  them  as  to  why, when  and  how  much  fear  one  should  have  of Allah  Ta’aala.  Anyone  wishing  to  be  endowed  with  Divine  Fear,  will  undoubtedly  gain  this treasure from the Ulama. 

From  the  above  quoted  verses  it  is  as  clear  as  daylight  that  after  Nabuwwat,  there  is  no  greater  honour  than  the  office  of  the  Ulama.  Love  them  or adore  their  good  fortune;  loath  them  or  abhor  their influence  –  it  simply  does  not  matter  to  an  Aalim who values what he has acquired! 

The  Ulama in  the  Hadith

The  high  regard  in  which  the  Chief  and  The  Leader  of  all  mankind,  Rasullullah  Sallallahu Alayhi  Wasallam  holds  the  Ulama  of  his  Ummah, can  be  judged  from  the  immense  glad-tidings  he  has  given  them.  Thus,  we  find  the  following  honours  emanating  from  nowhere  other  than  the  sacred  lips  of  Rasullullah  Sallallahu  Alayhi  Wasallam.  Rasullullah  Sallallahu  Alayhi  Wasallam anointed  them  as  his  successors  –  “The  Ulama  are the  Heirs  of  the  Ambiya”;  he  saluted  the  very  ink of  their  pens  —    “The  ink  of  the  scholar  will  be weightier  than  the  blood  of  the  martyr  on  the  Day of  Qiyamah”;  he  informed  us  of  the  brutal  danger they  pose  to  Shaytaan  —  “A  single  Faqeeh  is sterner  on  Shaytaan  than  a  thousand  worshippers”;  he  acclaimed  their  status  in  the  Court  of Allah  —  “That  person  whom  Allah  Ta’aala  desires  good  for,  He  makes  him  an  Aalim  and  a Faqeeh  of  the  Deen”;  he  defined  their  rank  in  the hereafter  —  The  Ulama  will  be  the  neighbours  of Rasullullah  Sallallahu  Alayhi  Wasallam  in  Jannah;  he  elevated  them  to  dizzying  heights    –  “The Ulama  of  my  Ummah  resemble  the  Prophets  of  the Bani  Isra’il”;  he  exhorted  the  Ummah  to  pay  tribute  to  them  —  “Honour  the  Ulama  and  the  Huffaaz,  for  whosoever  has  honoured  them  has  honoured  me  and  whosoever  has  honoured  me  has honoured  Allah.  Therefore  do  not  be  complacent in  fulfilling  the  rights  of  The  Ulama  and  The  Huffaaz,  for  verily  they  have  such a rank  by  Allah they are  close  to  being  Ambiya  with  the  exception  of  Wahi  being  sent  to  them.”  (Daaru  Qutni;  Dailami; Munaawir,  p. 91)  

Just  as  they  disseminated  the  teachings  of  Rasullullah  Sallallahu  Alayhi  Wasallam  in  this  world  by quenching  the  spiritual  thirst  of  the  Ummah,  so too  will  they  assist  him  in  quenching  the  thirst  of the  Ummah  on  the  Day  of  Qiyamah  by  assisting him  in  the  distribution  of  the  waters  of  the  Haudh-e-Kauther!  

From  the  above  it  is  abundantly  clear  that  there simply  exists  no  greater  a  Ni’mat  after  Imaan  than to  be  blessed  with  the  ‘Ilm  of  Nubuwwat.  The  extraordinary  virtues  and  merits,  mentioned  and  narrated  by  both  Allah  and  His  Rasul  Sallallahu Alayhi  Wasallam,  are  due  to  the  immense  task  upon  the  shoulders  of  an  Aalim.  The  preservation of  the  pristine  Shariah  for  the  next  generation, defending  it  from  dilutions  and  distortions  from  both  the  enemy  within  and  without,  the  propagation  of  it  without  fear  of  enemy  or  favour  of  friend  —  this  is  the  continuous  fixation  and  passion  of  an  Aalim-e-Rabbani!  This  monumental  task  would  weaken  mountains,  distress  angels,  and  cause  giants  to  tremble.  Failure  in  this  task is  not  an  option  for  failure  is  nothing  less  than  a  spectacular  disaster  and  a  tragic  catastrophe,  not  only  for  him,  but  for  the  entire  Ummah  —  for  when  an  Aalim  slips,  the  whole  Ummah  slips!

The Warnings

The  great honour,  unique  tributes  and fantastic  rewards  that  have  been  promised  to the  uprighteous  Ulama  which  were  explained  in  our  previous  issue,  is  matched  by  the  direst warnings,  severest  of  admonitions  and  the  most dreadful  of  punishments  that  is  reserved  for them.  In  the  absence  of  the  Ambiya,  it  is  the Ulama  who  have  inherited  the  torch  of  Hidayat. It  is  they  to  whom  Allah’s  innocent  ones  turn  towards  for  guidance.  It  is  them  whom  the  Ummah  repose  their  trust  in.  The  Shari’ah  has clearly  defined  the  role  and  responsibilities  of the  Ulama  which  evolves  around  Amr  bil  Ma’roof and Nahi-anil-Munkar

Depicting  the  lamentable  state  of  the  Ulama  of previous  Ummah’s, Allah  Ta’aala  informs  us: “And  why  did  their  Rabbi’s  and  their  Priests  not thwart  them  from  evil  speech  and  eating Haraam .  Evil  indeed  is  what  they  have done.” (Parah 6)

From  the  above  we  deduce  that  the  prime  responsibility of  the  Ulama  is  not  to  exert  themselves  in  finding  solutions  to  extract  people  from evil  but  to  instead  thwart  people  from  committing  evil  such  as  eating  Haraam

Rasullullah  Sallallahu  Alayhi  Wasallam  has  in many  Ahaadith,  warned  the  Ummah  to  be  alert  and  cautious  of  Ulama  who  abdicate  their  responsibilities  without  valid  Shar’i reasons. 

Some  of  the  Rasullullah’s  Sallallahu  Alayhi  Wasallam  dire  warnings  to  the  Ulama  hereby  narrated:

1) “The silent Aalim is a dumb Shaytaan.”

2)  “The  worst  of  people  are  the  worst  of  Ulama amongst them”  

3) “Soon  a  time  will  dawn  upon  people  –  a  time when  nothing  will  remain  of  Islam  besides  its name,  and  nothing  will  remain  of  the  Qur’aan besides  its  words.  Their  Masaajid  will  be adorned  but  devoid  of  guidance.  Their  Ulama will  be  the  worst  of  creation  beneath  the  sky.  FITNAH  WILL  EMANATE  FROM  THEM AND IT WILL FALL BACK ONTO THEM.” 

4)  A  man  who  studied  and  imparted  Ilm  and  a Qari  of  the  Qur’aan  will  be  brought  before  Allah Ta’aala  on  the  Day  of  Qiyamah.  Allah  Ta’aala will  remind  him  of  His  bounties  which  the  man will  acknowledge.  Then  Allah  Ta’aala  will  ask: “So  what  did  you  do  in  gratitude  of  those  bounties?”

The  Aalim  will  reply:  “I  studied  and  imparted ‘Ilm  and  I  recited  for  your  sake  the  Qur’aan.”

Allah  Ta’aala  will  issue  an  instruction  and  the Aalim  (Moulana)  will  be  dragged  on  his  face and flung into Jahannum.     

Yes,  how  terrible  for  an  Aalim  whose  Nafs  hankers  for  acclaim  and  who  fears  the  ridicule  of the  masses.  Amongst  the  first  to  give  accounting  will  be  such  an  Aalim!  Dragged  on  his  face and  flung  deep  into  the  bowels  of  Jahannum…

The  Moulana  who  will  rotate  around  his  own intestines in Jahannum…

5) Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam said:

“On  the  Day  of  Qiyamah  a  person  will  be  thrown  into  Jahannum  and  his  entrails  will  come  out  of  his  body.  He  will  go  round  his  entrails  as  a  mule  donkey  goes  round  while  turning  a  mill.  The  inhabitants  of  Jahannum  will  crowed  around  him  and  ask  him:  ‘What  has  happened  to  you?  You  used  to  command  us  to  do  good  deeds  and  forbid  us  from  committing  evil  deeds.  He  will  say:  ‘I  enjoined  you  to  do  good  deeds  but did not practice them myself.” 

6)  Rasullullah  Sallallahu  Alayhi  Wasallam  is  also  reported  to  have  said:  “On  the  night  of Mi’raj,  I  saw  a  group  of  men  whose  lips  were being  clipped  with  scissors  made  of  Fire.  On asking  who  they  were,  Jibra’eel  alayhi  salaam told  me  they  were  those  preachers  of  my  Ummah who  commanded  others  to do  good  deeds  but  did not do so themselves.” 

7)  Still  another  Hadith  narrates  that  Rasullullah Sallallahu  Alayhi  Wasallam  once  said:  “The guards  of  Jahannum  will  apprehend  the  wicked  Ulama  even  before  apprehending  the  non-believers.  When  they  say:  ‘How  is  it  that  we  are  being  punished  even  before  the  non-believers, they  will  be  told  thus,  ‘The  learned  and  the  ignorant  cannot  be  treated  alike  (i.e.  you  committed all  these  misdeeds,  inspite  of  the  fact  that  you had knowledge  of  Deen.” (The  Zabaaniyah  are  the  elite  forces  deputed  by Allah Ta’ala for casting people into Jahannum)

8)  In  a  Hadith  appears  the  following  narration: ‘Some  of  the  inhabitants  of  Jannah  will  visit  the inhabitants  of  Jahannum  and  ask  them:  “What has  happened  to  you  that  you  are  here?  Indeed we  have  been  granted  entry  into  Jannah  by  virtue  of  what  we  learnt  from  you.” They  will  reply:  “We  did  not  practice  ourselves what we preached to others.”

9)  Maalik  bin  Dinar  reports  on  the  authority  of  Hasan  Basri  Radiallahu  Anhu  that  Rasullullah Sallallahu  Alayhi  Wasallam  said:  Whoever  delivers  a sermon  will  be  questioned  by  Allah Ta’aala  about  the  motive  behind  his  sermon. (i.e.  He  will  have  to  explain  whether  it  was  done for  gaining  worldly  advantages  such  as  wealth, jobs,  glory,  name  and  fame).

After  relating  the  Hadith  Hadhrat  Maalik  would  weep  so  bitterly  and  that  his  voice  would  choke with  tears.  Then  he  would  say:  “You  think  I  take joy  in  delivering  sermons.  Though  I  am  aware  of the  fact  that  on  the  Day  of  Qiyamah  I  will  have  to  explain what motivated  me.” 

10)  In  another  Hadith  Rasullullah  Sallallahu Alayhi  Wasallam  said:  “The  one  who  would have  to  suffer  the  severest  punishment  on  the Day  of  Qiyamah  will  be  the  learned  man  (an Aalim) who did not profit from his knowledge.

11)  A  man  will  be  brought  on  the  Day  of  Qiyamah  and  flung  into  the  Fire.  His  intestines  will be  extracted  and  he  will  rotate  and  grind  his intestines  like  a  donkey  rotating  a  mill.  The  inmates  of  the  Fire  will  converge  upon  him  and say:

“(Moulana),  what  has  befallen  you?  You  used  to  command  us  with  righteousness  and  prohibit  us from  evil?”

He  will  reply:  “I  would  command  you  with righteousness  whereas  I  would  not  act  upon  it and  I  would  prohibit  you  from  evil  whereas  I  would  perpetrate  it.”

12)  In  another  Hadith  it  is  mentioned that  an  Aalim  who  does  not  practice  upon  his  knowledge  will  be  cast  into  Jahannum  and  that  such  a  foul  and  putrid  smell  will  emit  from  them  that  the  inmates  of  Jahannum  will  say:  “What  misdeeds  did  you  commit that  the  evil  effect  of  it  has  caused  you  to  give  off such  an  offensive  odour?  We  were  already  in  untold  misery  and  you  have  added  to  our  torment.” They  will  reply:  “We  did  not  put  to  use  our  knowledge.” 

Umar  Radhiallahu  anhu  said:   “The  person  I  fear  most  for  in  this  Ummah  is  the hypocritical  Aalim.”  

He  described  a  hypocritical  Aalim  as  “One  who  acts  like  the  ignorant  people  but  talks  like  the  Ulama.” 

Ziyaad  Bin  Hudair  reports  that  Hadhrat  Umar (Radhiallahu anhu)  said to him:
“Are  you  aware  of  what  is  the  cause  for  the  demolition  of  Islam?  Hadhrat  Ziyaad  replied  in  the negative.  Hadhrat  Umar  (Radhiallahu  anhu)  then said:  

“The  cause  for  Islam’s  demolition  is  the  slip  and error  of  an  Aalim,  the  dispute  of  a  Munaafiq  utilizing  the  Qur’aan  and  the  verdicts  of  the  Imams  who are astray.” 

Sufyaan Thauri Rahmatullahi  alayh said:   “He  who  acts  upon  his  knowledge  is  allowed  to retain  it,  while  he  who  does  not  act  upon  it  is  not allowed to retain it.”   

Hadhrat  Hasan Basri  Rahmatullahi  alayh said:  
The  Ulama are  punished when  their  souls  become dead;  and  death  of  the  soul  consists  in  seeking worldly  compensation  for  acts  of  virtue,  against the rewards in the hereafter.”    

Imaam  Ghazali  Rahmatullahi  Alayh  said: “An  Aalim  will  be  punished  more  severely  than  an ignorant  person  in  the  Hereafter.”  [Fadaa-il-e– A’amaal part two p.416] 

By  Allah!  Which  Aalim  can  sleep  peacefully  and enjoy  unbridled  laughter  after  reading  the  above admonishments.  Being  branded  by  Rasulullah  Sallallahu  Alayhi  Wasallam  as  dumb  Shayaaten,  the  worst  of  people,  fitnah  makers,  liars,  must  surely weigh  heavily  on  the  minds  of  anyone  who  has  the  slightest fear  of  Allah  Ta’aala. 
Chastisements  of  being  dragged  upon  the  face,  rotating  around  one’s  intestines,  lips  being  clipped with  scissors  of  fire,  being  apprehended  even  before  non-Muslims,  stinking  with  an  odour  which will  cause  distress  to  the  inmates  of  Jahannum, being  questioned  about  the  motives  for  each  Bayaan  given  –  all  of  these  warnings  in  the  Ahaadith  should serve  as  a  warning to  the  Ulama.  

The  reason  for  this  precise  description  staring  us from  the  pages  of  Kitaabs  we  study  is  meant  to  jolt us  out  of  our  slumber.  It  is  meant  to  cause  us  to stop  and  seriously  reflect  whether  Shaytaan  perhaps  has  a  hand  in  planning  our  destruction.  

Be  careful,  for  we  are  being  watched  and  followed. Our  words  are  recorded  and  our  motives  noted. Our  intentions  will  be  scrutinised  and  our  deeds  analysed.  

Alone  we  shall  stand  in  the  Divine  court  to  answer to  an  angry  Rabb  who  will  lay  bare  our  evil  souls for  the  entire  creation  to  witness.  Shaytaan  at  that time  will  laugh despite  his  own  predicament.  

May  Allah  Ta’aala  have  Mercy  upon  one  and  all. (Ameen)

[Fadaa’il-e-A’amaal, part two p.416]