[Compiled from various sources]
Hadhrat Anas (Radhiyallahu Anhu) relates that the Messenger (Sallallaahu alayhi wasallam said,
“Do not let forty days elapse without trimming the moustache and pairing the nails.” [Muslim]
Meaning that we should cut our nails within forty days. It has been stated that the consequence of keeping long nails are:
1. There will be no blessings in
2. You will become poor.
3. Illness will plague you.
4. Almighty Allah and His Holy Prophet Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam will be displeased with you.
5. The devil sits on long nails.
The Messenger Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam would cut his nails every fifteen days.
The preferred way of cutting the nails is as follows: Start with the right hand. Index finger, fore finger, ring finger and little finger. Then move onto the left hand. This time start with the little finger first, then ring finger, fore finger, index finger, the thumb and lastly the thumb of the right hand. (repeat) (ask if the process is understood, if not repeat a 3rd time) It is recommended to wash the hands after cutting the nails. The following order when clipping is preferred for toe nails: Again start with the right foot. Small toe first and proceed until the big toe. Then move onto the left foot. This time you start with the big toe and conclude with the small toe. (repeat) (ask if the process is understood if not repeat a 3rd time).
Nowadays it is common to see sisters with nail polish or fake nails on. It is NOT permissible by Shari’ah (Islamic law) to do this. Most of the nail varnishes are made from unlawful (haraam) ingredients. If you apply nail polish a coating is formed on top of your nails. This prevents water from penetrating fully into your nails whilst performing ablution or ghusl. Ablution and ghusl are incomplete and any acts of worship carried out are not accepted. If your ablution and ghusl are not accepted you are counted as impure and the angels do not enter that house where there is a impure person. However, the same acceptable effect can be created on your nails by applying henna. This is a recommended act. As stated in a Hadeeth taken from Abu Dawood: Hadhrat Aisha Radhiyallahu Anha narrates, “A women made a sign from behind a curtain to indicate that she had a letter for the Apostle of Allah Azza wa jal. The Prophet Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam closed his hand saying, “I do not know this is a man’s or a woman’s hand”. She said, “No a woman.” He Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam said, “If you were a woman, you would make a difference to your nails. Meaning with henna”. A lot of sisters, without realising bit their nails. This should not be done as it is disliked and a predisposition to infectious diseases. For example if one has big nails more then likely that under the nails there will be germs and bacteria. When the nails are bitten the germs are transferred into the mouth and down the gut and into the stomach. Many sisters tend to bit their nails because they can’t be bothered cutting them or because they have a habit of doing do. This habit can be broken if sisters made the intention to cut their nails because it is Sunnah to do so and Insha Allah Azza wa jal they will gain reward.
To recap-Nails should be cut within 40 days. It is Sunnah to cut our nails every 15 days. Nails should not be bitten. For hand nails, start with the right hand index finger and finish with the right hand thumb. For the feet start with the small toe on the right foot and finish with the small toe on the left foot. After cutting the nails bury them all. We are all made from the soil, thus we should be put back to the earth. May Allah Azza wa jal give us all the ability to act upon what has been said today and give us the ability to teach others the way of clipping the nails.
Is there any SUNNAT of cutting nails? i.e: Is there any day preferred to cut nails or any preferred order of cutting nails or particular day in which it is preferred not to cut nails.
Assalāmu `alaikum Warahmatullāhi Wabrakatuh,
Pairing ones nails is a sunnah of Nabi salallahu alayhi wasallam. The nails should be paired whenever the need arises.
῾Allāmah Tahtāwi rahmatullah alayh (d.1231H) mentions that nails should be paired once a weak and preferably on a Friday. If one delays from pairing once a week (due to slow growth of nails or some other reason) then he should pair them once in fifteen days. Leaving the nails unpaired for more than forty days is a sin.
There is no sunnah of pairing the nails in a specific sequence or order. However, there are different opinions about what is the preferred sequence.
Imām Ghazāli rahmatullah alayh (d.505H) has preferred and expounded on a particular sequence for pairing nails in his Ihyā’ Ulūmid Dīn. He mentions that one should start pairing the nails from the Shahadah finger of the right hand and then move towards the right till the small finger. Then one should start with the small finger of left hand and move towards the thumb of the left hand. Finally one should finish pairing at one’s right thumb.
῾Allāmah Nawāwi rahmatullah alayh (d.676H) has mentioned in his Al Majmū῾Sharhul Muhadhib that this view of Imām Ghazāli rehmatullah alayh is acceptable except for the part where he says that the right thumb should be delayed it the end. ῾Allāmah Nawāwi rahmatullah alayh says that pairing the right thumb before starting the left hand will fulfil the preference of “beginning (an action) with the right”.
Mullah ῾Ali Qārī rahmatullah alayh (d.1014H) has thus conclusively mentioned in Mirqāt ul Mafatīh Sharah Mishkātil Masābīh that the preferred method is to start from the right index finger (Shahadah finger) to the right small finger then the right thumb. Thereafter, for left hand start from the small finger and ending towards the thumb.
Pairing of the toe nails will be from the small right toe to the small left toe.
With regards to specifying a particular day too, different opinions have been mentioned in the books. ῾Allāmah ibn Hajar rahmatullah alayh makes clarification of these views and mentions that the most appropriate view is that there is no reason to make any day specific for pairing ones nails. However, one may choose Jumu῾āh (Friday) to pair ones nails since most people reserve this day to clean themselves and beautify for the congregation.
Mawlana Faisal bin Abdul Hameed
Student, Darul Iftaa
Checked and Approved by,
Muftī Ebrahim Desai
Cutting Nails on Wednesdays:
Is there a Hadith where Nabi (sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) prohibited cutting nails on Wednesday or any other day?
I have not come across a Hadith prohibiting the clipping of one’s nails on a Wednesday. However ‘Allamah Sakhawi (rahimahullah) has stated that there is no authentic narration which states any specific day or specific way of clipping one’s nails. Hafiz Ibn Hajar (rahimahullah) has also echoed similar sentiments.
(Al Maqasidul Hasanah, Hadith: 772, Fathul Bari, under Hadith: 5889)
Imam Bayhaqi (rahimahullah) has recorded two weak narrations, which state that Nabi (sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) would prefer to trim his nails on a Friday.
(Refer: Fathul Bari)
Hafiz Ibn Hajar (rahimahullah) has quoted few statements of the scholars of the past stating that it is preferable for one to clip ones nails on a Friday. He then goes on to say that clipping ones nails on a Friday falls under the fact that we are commanded to cleanse ourselves thoroughly on a Friday. Imam Ahmad (rahimahullah), in one of his views, has also deemed it Sunnah to clip one’s nails on a Friday.
(Fathul Bari, under Hadith: 5889)
And Allah Ta’ala Knows best
Answered by: Moulana Suhail Motala
Approved by: Moulana Muhammad Abasoomar
Checked by: Moulana Haroon Abasoomar