(Note: Not to be confused with Qadriyyah Sufi Order)
In the latter days of the Sahabah (Radhiyallahu Anhum), there emerged the despicable sect of the Qadariyyah.
The deniers of Divine Pre-Determination who claimed that Allaah has no power of His creation and that mankind is totally independent of His Will and Power. Qadariyyah are people who claim that Allaah forces us to choose the wrong religion.
The sect was initiated at the hands of Ma`bad al-Juhani, and they denied destiny. Ja`d ibn Dirham, another pioneer of the sect, was the first to claim the Qur’an is created. The remaining Sahabah, among them `Abdullah ibn `Umar, Jabir ibn `Abdullah, Abu Hurayrah, `Abdullah ibn `Abbas and Anas ibn Malik (Radhiyallahu Anhum) abjured the Qadariyyah. They instructed people not to greet them with salaam, nor to pray over their dead, nor even to visit their sick.
Our religion is a religion of following. It is not a religion of innovation or invention. That is to accept whatever Allah and His Messenger have said, not to go beyond this.
“O you who believe! Do not put (yourselves) forward before Allah and His Messenger (sallallaahu alaihi wasallam) ..” [Suratul-Hujurat 49:1]
In the Qur’an, Allah describes the most excellent person to be the one who submits himself to His commands completely.
“And who can be better in religion than one who submits his face (himself) to Allah (i.e. follows Allah’s Religion);” [Suratun-Nisa 4:125]
And one who adopts the saying of Allah flees away from using his own ‘Aql (intellect) and from innovation.
When the Messenger of Allah was not authorized to introduce in this religion from his own intellect, then who else is there who claims such a right.
“It is only an Inspiration that is inspired.” [Suratun-Najm 53:4]
“I but follow what is revealed to me by inspiration.. ” [Suratul-An’am 6:50]
“Follow that which is inspired in you from your Lord.” [Suratul-Ahzab 33:2]
History and Experience have proven that those who have adopted a way of using their own intellect instead of the pure way of following (the Qur’an, Sunnah & 4 Madhabs) have deviated. And not only did they misguide themselves but they became the cause of abasement of many others and after blackening their records of deeds they departed from this world.
In this introduction we do not want to give a lengthy argument or else many examples could be given to prove this point, however we will suffice with one example.
With regards to Qadr, instead of accepting the Shar’iah rulings apparently, these people started thinking about it using their own intellect. The more they thought, deeper they got into their errors, up until some of the impatient elements amongst them even rejected the Qadr. In contrast, with regards to it, some of them declared man to be totally helpless. For them the worship and sins of Allah’s slaves are equal.
The Messenger of Allah said about them: Such people (i.e. the Qadariyyah) are the majoos of this Ummah. [Abu Dawood]
Once in front of His companion, Abdullah bin Umar (radiyallahu anhu) Qadariyyah was mentioned, so he said: “If I come across these people then I would break their necks.” And he said: “Go and tell them that I am free from their spurious way.” [Saheeh Muslim]
O noble Readers, This is the end of those who instead of accepting and submitting the Shar’iah injunctions use their intellect and fall into the sickness of this ill understanding. They spend time in long and futile discussions and waste time in disputes and debates. Because of their taking pleasure in logic, philosophy and rhetoric they remain deprived of the sweetness and the taste of Emaan and Ittibaa (following). What a good saying did Wahb bin Munabbih (rahimahullah) say: One who understands best the matter of Qadr Is the one who remains most quiet about it.