Al-Sayyid Muhammad al-Hasan ibn Alawi ibn Abbas ibn Abd al-Aziz al-Maliki (1947 – 2004) rahimahullah has authored a book “Mafahim Yajib ‘an Tusahhah”.
The subject of this book is to validate from Qur’an & Hadith some controversial issues that are practiced in certain Muslim communities (especially those with strong sufi affiliations) but have been very severely critized by the Salafi scholars of Saudi Arabia.
This book was translated into Urdu language and published as “Islah e Mafaheem”, by individuals having close relations with Hadhrat Sufi Mohammad Iqbal sahib. Hadhrat Sufi sahib’s initial baiyat was with Mawlana Khair Mohammad Jalandhuri (rahimahullah) and afterwards with Hadrat Sheikhul Hadith Mawlana Zakariya (rahimahullah). Both of them were outstanding ahle sunnah scholars of Deobandi heritage. However, after his migration to Madinah e Munawwara Hadhrat Sufi sahib (rahimahullah) became very close to Shaykh Alawi (rahimahullah).
Shaykh Alawi Maliki (rahimahullah) personally visited Pakistan and requested prominent contemporary scholars to write introduction to this urdu translation. Among them were Mawlana Abdul Qayoom Haqqani and Mawlana Malik Khandhlawi (rahimahullah).
The publication of Urdu translation in Pakistan raised an uproar in the Deobandi community. As a matter of fact the content of this book were totally against the Deobandi minhaj. Most of the Deobandi scholars did not agree with the author’s claim. Being crystal clear, for them it was not an issue to go into further discussions. However, for the common, Urdu reading, lay public, who could have been easily misled by this book articles were written to clearify the issue.
I just want to mention and list these articles here. They are:
1. Review of “Islahae Mafaheem”. By Mufti Abdus Sattar (rahimahullah), chief-mufti Khairul madaris, Multan, & president of the Islamic research Council.
Various prominent Deobandi scholars endorsed it.
2. Kitab Islahe Mafaheem Urdu par ik tehqiqi nazar. By Mufti Abdush-Shakoor Tirmidhi (rahimahullah), khalifa of Sheikhul Islam Mawlana Zafar Ahmad Usmani rahimahullah (author of Ala us sunan) and Hadhrat Mufti Mohammad Shafi rahimahullah (founder of Darul Uloom Karachi). Published in “Maqalat e Trimizi”, page 208-221
3. Book review in monthly Al-Balagh (Urdu), by Mufti Taqi Usmani sahib. Published in Tabseray (new edition).
4. Tehqiqi nazar, by Hadhrat Mawlana Ismail Badat sahib of Madinah e Munawwarah, khalifa of Hadhrat Sheikhul hadith Mawlana Zakariya sahib (rahimahullah). This is the most detailed one.
Knowing the details and fiqhi incorrectness of this book most of the introducers (who were alive) withdrew their recommendations. Some of the people who were involved in its publication repented and acknowledged their mistake in written and public speeches.
However, the book is still available in the market.
So be aware!