Why Does Evil Still Occur in Ramadhan if the Devils Are Chained?

Al-Qurtubi (rahmatullahi alayh) states:

“If it is said: How is it that we see an abundance of evil and sins occurring in Ramadhan; if the devils were chained up this would not occur?

The response: They are only chained away from those who fast (correctly) fulfilling the conditions of the fast and being mindful of its etiquette.

Or it is said that those who are chained are some of the devils; i.e. the rebellious ones, and not all of them, as has been previously mentioned within some of the other narrations.

Or, it is said that what is intended is that evil is minimized in (Ramadhan); and this is something well-known. For the occurrence of that (evil/sins) is less within than it is in other months.

Hence, them all being chained up does not necessitate that evil or sins will not occur. For there are other reasons besides the devils which cause this; such as despicable souls and evil ways, as well as human devils.”

[By Ibn Hajr (rahmimahullah) in Fathul-Baari]

The Night of Power and What to do in it

We all know that Allah is merciful and bountiful, and He likes to forgive. Therefore, He provided us many opportunities to forgive, but one of them is most important, it is time of the night of power. The night of power is the time of decree. It is the time of destiny, it is time of revealetion of the Qur’an, Allah sent down the holy book in it. It is the single night worth a thousand month of reward in Islam as Allah said in the Holy Book: “We have indeed sent it down in the night of power. The night of power is better than a thousands months. The angels and spirits descend in it by the permission of your Lord for every affair. Peace! It is till the break of morning.”(Al-Qadr). It is the time to seek forgiveness. it is also called “Laylatul Qadr”. But the exact time of it isn’t known but it falls within the last ten days of Ramadan as the companion ‘Ubay ibn Ka’b (Radhiyallahu Anhu) said: “The Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) came out to inform us about it, but two Muslims were quarreling with each other, so the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said: “I came out to inform you but such and such persons were quarreling, so the news about it had been taken away; yet that might be for your own good, so search for it on 29th, 27th, 25th, 23th and 21th nights of Ramadan (Ibn Majah)

The companion Anas ibn Malik (Radhiyallahu Anhu) reported: “When  Ramadan approached, the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said: “This month has come to you and in it, there is a night that is better than a thousands months, whoever is deprived of it, is deprived of its all goodness. And no one is deprived of its goodness except one who is truly deprived.” (ibn Majah). But there is question that what must to do in it?.  We should know it. Let’s take a look at best things to do during this night.

1. Take a break for Allah
We often get caught up in our daily lives with things like work, family and business. But during this night, we should totally dedicate ourselves to Allah and reap the blessings.

2. Stand for Prayer
It is time of seeking forgiveness, the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said: “whoever stays up and prays on laylatul Qadr out of faith and in the hope of reward, his previous sins will be forgiven (Muslim). Therefore, we should strive to stay up at least on numbered nights of the last 10 days. If we can’t manage that, then let’s pray at least on the 27th night, if one prays on all of the last odd numbered nights, then there is more of a chance that one may have caught this most powerfull night.

Here are some prayers.
• Two rak’ah Salaatut Tawbah
• Salaatut Tasbeeh according to one Hadith.
• Salatul wudhu (tahiyatul wudhu)
Abu Hurairah (radhiyallahu anhu) reported that the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said to Bilal (Radhiyallahu Anhu): “Tell me about the best of your deeds since your embracing Islam, because I heard your footsteps in front of me in paradise. Bilal (Radhiyallahu Anhu) replied: “I don’t consider any act of mine more rewarding than that whenever I make ablution at any time of night and day,  and perform prayer for as much as was destined for me to do.” (Muslim)

We should be very busy in dua’ as much as we can . Allah the Almighty said in the Qur’an: “When the servants ask you concerning Me, Tell them, I am indeed close to them, I listen to every prayer when he calls on Me.” (2/186) and on another place (Hadith Qudsi), Allah said: “the most excellent worship is dua'” (Tirmidhi).

Therefore, ask Allah for every thing that they you need. Not just for yourself and family but for the people around the world who are suffering and getting hardship. But a special dua’ was informed by the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam): ‘Aisha (Radhiyallahu Anha) said: O Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam)! What do you think, I should say in my supplication if I come upon Laylatul Qadr? he (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said: “Say: “Allahumma innaka Afuwwun kareem tuhibbul Afwa fa’fu anni (O Allah! You are the Forgiver and loves to forgive, so forgive me!)

4. Recite and reflect on the Holy Qur’an
The recitation and reflection on the Qur’an during this night can also serve as a great means of worship worthy of blessed night, therefore, we should read the Qur’an, and when we get Chance, try to reflect on the Qur’an.

5. Remain in I’tikaaf
The best way of searching for the the blessed night is to remain in i’tikaaf for which both men and women can do. If it is not possible for the whole of ten days, then we should try to remain i’tikaaf for odd nights. If it is also not possible you can do niyyat of i’tikaaf when you enter the mosque.

We must make a firm intention that during this night, we will not take part in idle talk. There are 355 days in the year for all that, some ladies consider that this is time of shopping and waste these blessed nights. How can
they miss this night?! Who is to say that they will live to see the next Ramadan? Therefore,we should respect these nights.

We should make necessary changes to improve ourselves as Muslims and what better time to make such changes than this night where we can change our lives forever. We must try to change and make firm commitment to Allah and may be that he will wipe off our sins until we become like new born babies INSHA ALLAH.

One of the most worst things we can do during this time is to lose hope in Allah. Remember! Allah wants to forgive you and opened the pathway to His Mercy and unlimited treasures for you. Therefore we must have firm belief that every thing we will get rewards and Allah accept every dua’.

9. Strive to gain Forgiveness
We should strive and do our utmost to gain the mercy of Allah in it. If we leave this night without gaining the mercy, then surely, we are the most unfortunate ones and are the biggest losers in this world.

10. Get your Family involved for Tahajjud and other act and deeds. Don’t forget to wake up your partner, parents and brothers to remind them to take part in these last ten days.

11. Offer Salah ‘Isha and Fajr in Congregation

Hadhrat Uthman bin ‘Affan (Radhiyallahu Anhu)reported: I heard the Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) saying: “One who performs ‘Isha prayer in congregation is as if he has performed salah of half of the night, and one who performs the Fajr prayer in congregation is as if he has performed salah of whole night.” (Muslim)

Imam Malik narrated that he had heard that Sa’id ibn Musayyib (rahimahullah) used to say: “Whoever is present at ‘Isha on laylatul Qadr, he has taken his portion from it. (Muwatta Malik)

Misconception is being spread that who will pray four Rak’at nafl in particular way in last Friday of Ramadan is equal to previous 700 salah that they were not offered. It is wrong and it is not established in the Hadith or Qur’an.

These are some of the things to do in the Night of Power.
In the end, May Allah give us Tawfiq to do so. Aameen!

Eligibility for Zakah (Hanbali)

Shaykh Abdus-Salaam ash-Shuway’ir al-Hanbali الله يحفظه recently explained in the “Book of Zakah” the verse speaking about obligatory charity:

“Zakah (Obligatory charity) are only for the poor and for the needy and for those employed to collect [zakah] and for bringing hearts together [for Islam] and for freeing captives [or slaves] and for those in debt and for the cause of Allah and for the [stranded] traveler – an obligation [imposed] by Allah . And Allah is Knowing and Wise.” (Tawbah: 60)

When explaining the difference between “Faqeer” (poor) and “Miskeen” (needy) he said that the affair revolves around whether one is *completely devoided of* or *deficient in* one of the following five:

1. Food and drink.

2. Clothing.

Some scholars say that the least amount needed is an outfit for summer and winter, while others say that the affair returns back to the custom due to the fiqh maxim: العادة محكمة

3. A place to live.

They should be given enough rent money that will suffice them for a year, and that it is appropriate for their family size. Ex: a family of 10 would not suffice with a one bedroom apartment.

4. The male who does not have enough money to become married and is fearful of falling into sin.

In this case, the amount of money given should suffice for a normal sensible priced dowry.

5. Everyday essentials one needs to live.

What is considered to be “everyday essentials” differs according to the custom, and it can range to different things. For example, if one is living in the desert and needs flock in order to live, then “saa’imah” can be given to him as Zakah.

The Shaykh mentioned that this includes Air Conditioners in extremely hot places like here in Makkah. Throughout the day, it becomes blazing hot without any exaggeration. It can reach 110-120+ degrees daily here. If there is someone without AC, or with a broken AC, then it is permissible to give Zakah money to that person to fulfill that need.

If one is completely devoided of one of the above mentioned, then he is considered to be a Faqeer.

If one is deficient in one of the five, then he is considered to be a Miskeen.

Due to this, the Faqeer is considered to be in more need than the Miskeen and that is expressed in the verse for those who ponder and reflect.

والله مستعان

The Concept of Zakat in Islam

[By Mufti Mohammad Nadeem uddin Qasmi]

Islam is the perfect and complete religion. And the religion of Peace and love, it emphasizes that Muslims should live in peace, love and harmony with each other. Therefore, the importance of the charity was mentioned many times in Qur’an and Hadith, and it was obliged on every Muslim those who are wealthy enough in the form of Zakat. We all should know about its importance, benefits and misconceptions about it.


The Literal meaning of Zakat is: to grow and purify.

Zakat in the context of the Shariah means: A fixed amount of to be paid at a specified period to certain groups of people.

The Importance of Zakat

It is mentioned alongside Salah in 82 verses of the Qur’an. Allah the Almighty said: “those who collect and withhold the Zakat and don’t give the right of poor. O Prophet! Inform them of a bad agony (Tawbah 34)

It is third pillar of Islam, as the Prophet Mohammad (peace and blessings be upon him) said: “Islam is built on five pillars:

1. Bearing witness that there is no deity worthy of worship except Allah, and Mohammed (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) is his servant and Messenger.

2 & 3. Performing Salah and Sawm

4. Paying Zakat

5. Performing Haj (Muslim)

Not only that but many times, the prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) emphasized on it:

• It is Narrated by Abu Hurairah (Radhiyallahu Anhu), the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said: “every day, the two angels come down from heaven, and one of them says: O Allah! Compensate every person who spends in your cause, and other says: Destroy every miser (Bukhari)

• Narrated by Abu Hurairah (Radhiyallahu Anhu): Allah’s apostle said: “who ever is made wealthy by Allah and does not pay the zakat of his wealth, then on the day of resurrection his wealth will be made like a bald headed poisonous male snake with two black spots over the eye, the snake will encircle his neck and bite his cheek and say “I am your wealth ,and I am your treasure. (Bukhari)

• Narrated by Abu Dhar (Radhiyallahu Anhu): Once I went to the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) and he said “By Allah in whose hands my life , whoever has camels or cows or sheeps and didn’t pay their zakat, those animals will be brought on the day of resurrection far bigger and fatter than before and they will trample him under their hooves and will poke him with their horns, when the last does its turn, the first will start again and this punishment will go on till Allah has finished the judgment among the people (Bukhari)

• Abu Bakr (Radhiyallahu Anhu) said “By Allah, if they pay me Zakat and withhold even which they used to pay during the life of Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) I will fight with them for it, ‘Umar (Radhiyallahu Anhu) said “it was nothing but Allah who opened Abu Bakr’s chest towards the decision to fight, and I came to know that his decision was right.” (Bukhari)

There are many evidence to show that the Muslim must pay zakat to take care of needy people around the world.


The usual amount donated is 2.5% of total cumulative wealth in one lunar year.

What is Purpose of Zakat?

• The purpose of zakat is to create in society and never let a poor and needy to suffer or die.

• The basic purpose of zakat is to maintain economic balance in society so that circulation of wealth continues from rich to poor and never stay in one hand. In this way, we can overcome poverty and other evils from our society.


The benefits of Zakat apart from obligation, it has many spiritual and worldly benefits, some are as follows:

1. It makes one reaches rank of perfect believer, The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said “None of you truly believes until he loves for his brother what he loves for himself. he generally loves his wealth, he should also love to give it to his needy brothers. By doing so he will have perfect faith .

2. It is one of the cause of entering the Paradise, this is because, the prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said: “Paradise is for those who use soft speech, spread the greeting of the Islam, feed the people and spend the night in voluntary prayer while the peoples are a sleep.” (TIRMIDHI)

3. It is a salvation from the intense heat of the day of resurrection. The prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said: “Every man will be the in the shade of his Charity on the day of Resurrection.”(AHMAD)

4. It wards off an unpleasant death (TIRMIDHI)

5. It brings a servant close to his lord and increase his faith .

6. Allah removes the minor sins by giving Zakat as the prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallan) said giving charity wipes away sins just as water extinguishes the fire .

7. It helps in purification of the heart .

8. It helps Muslims to follow the honorable faith .

9. It helps in reducing the poverty from the society

10. Most important benefit of zakat is purification of halal money.

11. It cleans one’s character from being miser.

12. It makes Islamic society a single family in which rich helps the poor.

13. Sacrificing beloved thing (wealth and life etc) on the command of Allah and Prophet and obeying them.

Who is eligible to receive Zakat?

There are eight categories of people eligible to receive zakat they have been specified in the the Quran:

• Zakat is for the poor

• For miskin whose basic needs are met but their income does not take care of other important needs.

• For distributers and collectors of zakat .

• Muallaf: to come closer one who recently become Muslim.

• Riqab: one who wants to free himself from the bondage and shackles of slavery

• Gharimin: one who is in debt.

• Fi-Sabilillah: one who fights for cause of Allah.

• Ibnus sabil: one who is stranded in journey.

Misconceptions about Zakat

1. People often think that zakat is only to be paid in the month of Ramadan. it is not correct. Although, Ramadan is the month of blessings but after lapse of Islamic year zakat must be paid , whether it is month of Ramazan or any other month.

2. Another misconception is that it is only liable for gold or silver. it is wrong. The gold and silver are mentioned in the Qur’an and Hadith as a standard of a unit of measurement, therefore anything , whether it is cash, silver property or other assets worth the same amount as the gold mentioned by Islam is liable for Zakat.

Another misconception is that some people are making noise that the madaris are not liable to receive and be given zakat, it is only right of poor. This  is incorrect, because many poor and needy students study in it. And Islamic teachings are published and studied day and night. Those who are against madaris, they should think and imagine about themselves, they are going against Islamic teachings.


We all Muslims must pay Zakat in every year and in this way we can eradicate poverty from our society. In the era of caliph Umar bin Abdul Aziz (Rahmatullahi Alayh), it is said that the Zakat distributers travelled far and wide, but were unable to find anybody poor enough to receive the Zakat. This shows the true power of Zakat, therefore we must pay Zakat. May Allah give us tawfeeq. Aameen!


Abu Hurayrah (radhiallahu `anhu) narrated that the Messenger (sallallahu `alayhi wa sallam) said:

“Whoever stands (in qiyaam) in Laylat ul-Qadr [and it is facilitated for him] out of faith and expectation (of Allah’s reward), will have all of his previous sins forgiven.” [Al-Bukhari and Muslim; the addition “and it is facilitated for him” is recorded by Ahmad from the report of `Ubaadah Bin as-Samit; it means that he is permitted to be among the sincere worshippers during that blessed night.]

 ﻣﻦ ﻗﺎﻡ ﻟﻴﻠﺔ ﺍﻟﻘﺪﺭ ‏[ ﺛﻢ ﻭﻓﻘﺖ ﻟﻪ ‏] , ﺇﻳﻤﺎﻧﺎ ﻭﺍﺣﺘﺴﺎﺑﺎ , ﻏﻔﺮ ﻟﻪ ﻣﺎ ﺗﻘﺪﻡ ﻣﻦ ﺫﻧﺒﻪ ‏
ﺭﻭﺍﻩ ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭﻱ ﻭﻣﺴﻠﻢ ﻭﺍﻹﻣﺎﻡ ﺃﺣﻤﺪ ﻭﺍﻟﺰﻳﺎﺩﺓﻟﻪ


It is also recommended to make extensive supplication on this night.

`A’ishah (radhiallahu `anha) reported that she asked Allah’s Messenger (sallallahu `alayhi wa sallam),

“O Messenger of Allah! If I knew which night is Laylat ul-Qadr, what should I say during it?”

And he instructed her to say:


(O ALLAH! You are forgiving, and you love forgiveness. So forgive me).”* [Recorded by Ahmad, Ibn Majah, and at-Tirmizi]

 ﻗﻠﺖ ﻳﺎ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﺃﺭﺃﻳﺖ ﺇﻥ ﻋﻠﻤﺖ ﺃﻱ ﻟﻴﻠﺔ ﻟﻴﻠﺔ ﺍﻟﻘﺪﺭ ﻣﺎ ﺃﻗﻮﻝ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﻗﺎﻝ ﻗﻮﻟﻲ ﺍﻟﻠﻬﻢ ﺇﻧﻚ ﻋﻔﻮ ﻛﺮﻳﻢ ﺗﺤﺐ ﺍﻟﻌﻔﻮ ﻓﺎﻋﻒ ﻋﻨﻲ ‏
ﺭﻭﺍﻩ ﺃﺣﻤﺪ، ﺍﺑﻦ ﻣﺎﺟﻪ، ﺍﻟﺘﺮﻣﺬﻱ ﻭﺻﺤﺤﻪ ﺍﻷﻟﺒﺎﻧﻲ


It is further recommended to spend more time in worship during the nights on which *Laylat ul-Qadr* is likely to be.

This calls for abandoning many worldly pleasures in order to secure the time and thoughts solely for worshipping Allah. `A’ishah (radhiallahu `anha) reported:

“When the (last) ten started, the Prophet (sallallahu `alayhi wa sallam) would tighten his izaar (i.e. he stayed away from his wives in order to have more time for worship), spend the whole night awake (in prayer), and wake up his family.” [Al-Bukhari and Muslim]

 ﻛﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻨﺒﻲ ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ ﺇﺫﺍ ﺩﺧﻞ ﺍﻟﻌﺸﺮ ﺷﺪ ﻣﺌﺰﺭﻩ ، ﻭﺃﺣﻴﺎ ﻟﻴﻠﻪ ، ﻭﺃﻳﻘﻆ ﺃﻫﻠﻪ ‏
ﺭﻭﺍﻩ ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭﻱ ﻭﻣﺴﻠﻢ

And she said: “Allah’s Messenger (sallallahu `alayhi wa sallam) used to exert more (in worship) on the last ten than on other nights.” [Muslim]

An Urgent Call Regarding the Plight of Shaykh Salman al-Ouda, Shaykh Awad al-Qarni, and Dr. Ali al-Omari

All praise belongs to Allah, and blessings upon the Prophet Muhammad and His family.

Peace and mercy be upon you:

It is with great concern and perturbation that we have received unconfirmed reports regarding the imminent execution of Shaykh Salman al-Ouda, Shaykh Awad al-Qarni, and Dr. Ali al-Omari.

Islam teaches us that life is a blessing from Allah. Those who seek to deprive someone of this blessing without a clearly sanctioned religious basis have committed an act that God deems atrocious and a mighty sin: If anyone kills a believer deliberately, the punishment for him is Hell, and there he will remain: Allah is angry with him, and rejects him, and has prepared a tremendous torment for him.(Qur’an, 4:93)

The Inviolability of the Believer

The Prophet ﷺ and his Companions viewed the life, wealth, and honor of all who uttered the testimony of faith (shahada) as inviolable. They took immense care not to impede on these basic rights even in the context of enacting punishments.

The Prophet ﷺ said, “Avoid applying punishments as long as you are able to find an excuse to avert them,” (Sunan Ibn Majah) and Ibn Masʿud stated, “Avoid flogging and applying the death penalty upon people as much as you can.” (Sunan al-Kubra)

Indeed, the sanctity of the believer was so great in the eyes of the Prophet ﷺ that he deemed the destruction of the world as a lighter affair than the killing of even a single Muslim. (Sunan al-Tirmidhi)

Similarly, the early Muslims (salaf) would remark when gazing upon the Kaʿba, “The inviolability of a believer is greater with Allah than your inviolability.” (Sunan al-Tirmidhi) There are few statements one can imagine as emphatic as these in affirmation of the rank of the believer.

A Call for Clemency

In light of the guidance of the Prophet ﷺ and the gravity of depriving a Muslim of the fundamental rights granted to him or her by Islam, we urge the authorities in question to immediately cease any plans to execute Shaykh Salman al-Ouda, Shaykh Awad al-Qarni, and Dr. Ali al-Omari in the immediate or distant future.

We urge those in the leadership to grant them clemency in this blessed month of Ramadan.

It is our firm belief that the actions of these scholars do not in any way justify the appalling treatment they have been subjected to over the past year and more. We make this call in the spirit of providing sincere counsel, realizing our role as scholars duty-bound to the expression of truth, and recognizing that each of us will be held accountable for our actions in the next life where oppression will be nothing but darkness leading to perdition.

And Allah is in the aid of His oppressed servants. May the blessings and peace of Allah be upon His Prophet.

Ramadan 17th, 1440

May 22nd, 2019

Drafted by (Shaykh) Salman Younas

Tasbeeh Faatimi

“Sale! All Items Reduced up to 50%!

How many people are there who after seeing the above advertisement, will be able to resist the temptation of embarking on a shopping spree? Even if a person does not really need to buy anything, he will still visit the store to window shop, justifying his action by saying, “Perhaps I will find something on sale that I don’t need now but may possibly need in the future. By buying it now, I will save on the price that I would have paid later on when I needed the item.” Further, if we learn of a sale that we missed, or if the sale item that we wanted is sold out, we feel disappointed and feel that we missed out.

While many people have this attitude and mindset of progressing and constantly benefiting, the reality is that we tend to adopt this mindset only in avenues related to our material benefit, not in avenues of Deeni benefit.

The Sahaabah (radhiyallahu ‘anhum), on the other hand, had an insatiable thirst for progressing and benefiting in Deen. Hence, those Sahaabah (radhiyallahu ‘anhum) who were not blessed with wealth once came to Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) and complained that the wealthy Sahaabah (radhiyallahu ‘anhum) had surpassed them. On account of their wealth, they were able to carry out both non-monetary ‘ibaadah and monetary ‘ibaadah. Hence, the Sahaabah (radhiyallahu ‘anhum) who were not wealthy felt that they were missing out, being left behind and were unable to keep up with the wealthy Sahaabah (radhiyallahu ‘anhum).

In reply, Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) said, “Shall I not teach you something through which you will catch up with those who have surpassed you and you will surpass those who are behind you, and nobody will be more virtuous than you besides the person who does as you do (i.e. he also carries out this action)?” When the Sahaabah (radhiyallahu ‘anhum) replied in the affirmative, expressing their eagerness to learn this action, Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) taught them Tasbeeh Faatimi and instructed them to recite it after every salaah. (Saheeh Muslim #595)

This action is such that it has no cost and requires very little time and effort. Yet, its rewards are such that the person who adheres to this action will surpass all others, unless they carry out this action as well. Why should we be left out?

Let us adopt the mindset of improving our Deen and start by striving to bring the Tasbeeh Faatimi alive. The value of the few moments that it will take us to recite this Tasbeeh will only be realized on the Day of Qiyaamah, when we see how Allah Ta‘ala has allowed us to progress and surpass those who did not recite this Tasbeeh after every salaah.

Note: Tasbeeh Faatimi is to recite ‘Subhaanallah’ thirty three times, ‘Alhamdulillah’ thirty three times and finally, ‘Allahu Akbar’ thirty four times (completing one hundred).