Category Archives: Ahlul Bayt

Hanafi Scholars from Ahlul-Bayt

“Mukhtaṣar A`lām al-Ḥanafiyyah min Ahl-ul-Bayt”

Scholars of Ahlul-Sunnah from Ahlul-Bayt

In this thread In-shā’-Allāh, I shall post my translation and abridgment of the book “A`lām al-Ḥanafiyyah min Ahl-ul-Bayt” by Muḥammad Wā’il al-Ḥanbalī.

Objective of the book:

This book is a research done in some books of history and biographies in which the author gathers the names of all famous and iconic men who have two things in common:

1- They belong to the Ḥanafī Madhab.
2- They are from the progeny of Ahl-ul-Bayt.

What the original Arabic book contains that my summary does not contain:

1- Short introduction to the Ḥanafī Madhab and its most important figures.
2- Brief overview of the historical ties between the Ḥanafī Madhab and Ahl-ul-Bayt and which of the Ḥanafī scholars wrote books about Ahl-ul-Bayt.
3- Much more detail about each scholar discussed, such as their teachers and students and books and where they traveled and more…
4- Useful footnotes with sources and comments and opinions by the author.
5- List of books used for this research.
6- Comprehensive index.

NOTES:

– This thread shall only contain names of scholars of Ahl-ul-Bayt who belong to the “Ḥanafī” Madhab, not the average people or the laypeople from that Madhab.
– We shall list those we came across and we cannot claim that we managed to gather all of the Ḥanafī scholars of prophetic descent.
– We have only gathered the names of those who are authentically proven to be from Ahl-ul-Bayt, not those who are said to be from them, or those who claim it without solid proofs from proper sources.
– The Ḥanafī Madhab spread in areas such as Bukhara and Persia and it is known that there was no presence for Ahl-ul-Bayt in those areas in the first couple of centuries.

Who are Ahl-ul-Bayt according to the Ḥanafī Madhab?

They are the children of: `Alī, al-`Abbās, Ja`far, `Aqīl, al-Ḥārith the children of abī Ṭālib. All the rulings of Ahl-ul-Bayt are applicable to their children except the children of abū Lahab.

Example of how each man shall be presented in the list:

– Name (Date of birth – Date of death) Famous for:
Long Name and Lineage.

ex:

– abū Ḥanīfah (b.80 – d.150 AH) Imām al-Madhab al-Ḥanafī, Faqīh, `Ābid, Amīn:
al-Nu`mān ibn Thābit ibn Zūṭā ibn Marzubān, al-Farisī, al-Taymī.

Glossary of some terms in the research:

Faqīh = Jurist.
Muḥaddith = Scholar of Hadith.
Naqīb al-Ashrāf = Head of the order of the prophetic progeny.
Mudarris = Teacher.
Mu’arrikh = Historian.
Qādi = Judge.
Qādi al-Qudat = Head of judges.
Wālī = Governor.
Wajīh = Reputed.
Muftī = Legislator.
`Allāmah = High ranking scholar.
`Ālim = Scholar.
Zāhid = Ascetic/Pious.
Nassābah = Genealogist.
Lughawī = Linguist.
Musnid = Reference in Hadith.
Amīn = Faithful.
Adīb = Writer.
Fāḍil = Virtuous.
Mufassir = Interpreter of Qur’anic text.
Shā`ir = Poet.
Faraḍī = Knowledgeable in matters of inheritance.
Khaṭṭāṭ = Calligrapher.
Khatīb = Speaker.
Naḥawī = Knowledgeable in Arabic grammar.
Raḥḥālah = Traveler.

Transliteration help for special characters:

ا = ā
و = ū
ح = ḥ
ط = ṭ
ي = ī
ص = ṣ
ض = ḍ
ظ = ẓ
غ = gh
آ = aa
ء = ‘
ث = th
خ = kh
ذ = dh
ع = `

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In the name of Allāh, most merciful, the list is as follows:

-5th century Hijrī-

– abū al-Faḍl al-Ḥasanī (d.448 AH) / Faqīh, Muḥaddith:
abū al-Faḍl Aḥmad bin Muḥammad bin al-Ḥusayn bin Dāwūd bin `Alī bin ` Īsā ibn Muḥammad bin al-Qāsim bin al-Ḥasan bin Zayd bin al-Ḥasan bin `Alī bin abī Ṭālib.

– Ṭirād al-Zaynabī (b.398 – d.491 AH) / Muḥaddith, Naqīb al-Ashrāf:
abū al-Fawāris, Ṭirād bin Muḥammad bin `Alī bin al-Ḥasan bin Muḥammad, al-Zaynabī, al-Hāshimī, al-`Abbāsī, al-Baghdādī.

– al-Sayyid abū Shujā`(b. beginning of fifth century – d. middle of fifth century AH) / Faqīh, Imām:
Muḥammad bin Aḥmad bin Ḥamzah bin al-Ḥusayn bin al-Qāsim bin Ḥamzah bin al-Ḥasan bin `Alī bin `Ubaydullāh bin al-`Abbās bin `Alī bin abī Ṭālib.

– abū al-Waḍḍāḥ al-`Alawī (b.438 – d.491 AH) / Faqīh, Mudarris:
Muḥammad bin Muḥammad bin Aḥmad bin Ḥamzah bin al-Ḥusayn bin al-Qāsim bin Ḥamzah bin al-Ḥasan bin `Alī bin `Ubaydullāh bin al-Ḥasan bin `Ubaydullāh bin al-`Abbās bin `Alī ibn abī Ṭālib.

-6th century Hijrī-

– Aḥmad bin Ṭāhir bin Ḥaydarah (b.501 – d.566 AH) / Naqīb al-Ashrāf, Mu’arrikh:
abū al-`Abbās, Aḥmad bin Ṭāhir bin Ḥaydarah bin Ibrāhīm bin al-`Abbās bin al-Ḥasan bin al-`Abbās bin al-Ḥasan bin al-Ḥusayn bin `Alī bin Muḥammad bin `Alī bin Ismā`īl bin Ja`far al-Ṣādiq bin Muḥammad al-Bāqir bin `Alī Zayn al-`Ābidīn bin al-Ḥusayn bin `Alī bin abī Ṭālib, al-Maṣrī, al-Dimashqī.

– Nūr al-Hudā al-Zaynabī (b.420 – d.512 AH) / Qādi, Muḥaddith, Faqīh:
abū Ṭālib Nūr al-Hudā,  al-Ḥusayn bin Muḥammad bin `Alī bin al-Ḥasan bin Muḥammad bin `Abdul-Wahhāb bin Sulaymān bin `Abdullāh bin Muḥammad bin Ibrāhīm al-Imām bin Muḥammad bin `Alī bin `Abdullāh bin al-`Abbās bin `Abdul-Muṭalib, al-Hāshimī, al-Zaynabī.

– al-Akmal al-Zaynabī (b.477 – d.543 AH) / Qādi al-Quḍāt:
abū al-Qāsim, `Alī bin al-Ḥusayn bin Muḥammad bin `Alī bin al-Ḥasan bin Muḥammad, al-Hāshimī, al-`Abbāsī, al-Zaynabī, al-Baghdādī.

– ibn Nāṣir al-Ḥusaynī (b.515 – d.599 AH ) / Mudarris, Faqīh:
abū al-Majd, `Alī bin `Alī bin Yaḥyā bin Muḥammad bin Muḥammad bin Aḥmad bin Ja`far bin al-Ḥasan, al-`Alawī, al-Ḥusaynī, al-Baghdādī.

– al-Amīr al-Sayyid (b.521 – d.588 AH) / Faqīh, Wajīh:
abū al-Ḥasan, `Alī bin al-Murtaḍā bin `Alī bin Muḥammad bin al-Dā`ī bin Zayd ibn Ḥamzah bin `Alī bin `Ubaydullāh bin al-Ḥasan bin Muḥammad al-Saylaqī bin al-Ḥasan bin Ja`far bin al-Ḥasan bin al-Ḥasan bin `Alī ibn abī Ṭālib, al-Aṣbahānī, al-Baghdādī.

– Aqḍā al-Quḍāt al-Zaynabī (b.529 – d.563 AH) / Faqīh, Qādi:
al-Qāsim bin `Alī bin al-Ḥusayn bin Muḥammad bin`Alī bin al-Ḥasan bin Muḥammad, al-Hāshimī, al-`Abbāsī, al-Zaynabī, al-Baghdādī.

– Nāṣir al-Dīn al-Samarqandī (d.556 AH) / Faqīh, Muftī:
Nāṣir al-Dīn, abū al-Qāsim, Muḥammad bin Yūsuf bin Muḥammad bin `Alī bin Muḥammad ibn `Alī, al-`Alawī, al-Ḥasanī, al-Samarqandī.

-7th century Hijrī-

– Burhān-ul-Dīn al-Ḥanafī (d.689 AH) / al-`Allāmah al-Muftī, al-Zāhid:
Burhān-ul-Dīn, Aḥmad bin Nāṣir bin Ṭāhir, al-Ḥusaynī, al-Dimashqī.

– `Imād-ul-Dīn al-Mūṣilī (b. around 562 – d.648AH) / Muḥaddith, Faqīh:
`Imād-ul-Dīn, abū Naṣr, Aḥmad bin Yūsuf bin `Alī, al-Ḥasanī, al-Mūṣilī.

– abū Ṭālib `Azīz-ul-Dīn (b.572 – d.614 AH) / Mu’arrikh, Nassābah, Lughawī:
`Azīz-ul-Dīn, abū Ṭālib, Ismā`īl bin al-Ḥusayn bin Muḥammad bin al-Ḥusayn bin Aḥmad bin Muḥammad bin `Azīz bin al-Ḥusayn bin Muḥammad bin `Alī bin al-Ḥusayn bin `Alī bin Muḥammad bin Ja`far al-Ṣādiq bin Muḥammad al-Bāqir bin `Alī Zayn al-`Ābidīn bin al-Ḥusayn bin `Alī bin abi Ṭālib.

– Iftikhār-ul-Dīn al-Hāshimī (b.539 – d.616 AH) / Muḥaddith, Faqīh:
`Abdul-Muṭalib bin al-Faḍl bin `Abdul-Muṭalib bin al-Ḥusayn bin Aḥmad bin al-Ḥusayn ibn Muḥammad bin al-Ḥusayn bin `Abdul-Rahmān bin `Abdul-Malik bin Ṣāliḥ bin `Alī bin `Abdullāh bin al-`Abbās, al-Hāshimī, al-Ḥalabī.

– Niẓām-ul-Dīn al-Ḥusaynī (d.691 AH) / Amīn, Wajīh:
Niẓām-ul-Dīn, Muḥammad bin Musallam bin `Abdul-Wahhāb bin Manāqib bin Aḥmad bin `Alī bin Aḥmad bin al-Ḥasan bin `Alī bin Aḥmad bin al-Ḥusayn bin Muḥammad bin Ismā`īl al-Munqidhī ibn Ja`far al-Ṣādiq, al-Ḥusaynī.

– al-Musallam bin `Abdul-Wahhāb al-Shurūṭī (d.635 AH) / Muḥaddith, Musnid, Wajīh:
al-Musallam bin `Abdul-Wahhāb bin Manāqib bin Aḥmad bin `Alī bin Aḥmad bin al-Ḥasan ibn `Alī bin Aḥmad bin al-Ḥusayn bin Muḥammad bin Ismā`īl al-Munqidhī ibn Ja`far al-Ṣādiq bin Muḥammad al-Bāqir bin `Alī Zayn al-`Ābidīn bin al-Ḥusayn bin `Alī bin abū Ṭālib.

-8th century Hijrī-

– Aḥmad al-Sijazī (b.673 – d.762 AH) / Muḥaddith, Faqīh, Imām al-Hanafiyyah bi-Makkah:
Aḥmad bin `Alī bin Yūsuf bin Abū Bakr bin abī al-Fatḥ bin `Alī, al-Sijazī, al-Ḥusaynī.

– Muḥammad al-Haytī (d.784 AH) / Lughawī, Adīb:
Muḥammad bin `Arab, al-Haytī, al-Ḥusaynī, al-`Irāqī, al-Ḥamawī.

– Mūsā al-Mūsawī (b.628 – d.715 AH) / Muḥaddith, Musnid:
Mūsā bin `Alī bin abī Ṭālib bin abū `Abdullāh bin abū al-Barakāt, al-`Alawī, al-Ḥusaynī, al-Dimashqī.

-9th century Hijrī-

– `Abdul-Salām al-Baghdādī (b.776 – d.859 AH) / Fāḍil, Mushārik fīl-`Ulūm:
`Abdul-Salām bin Aḥmad bin `Abdul-Mun`im bin Aḥmad bin Muḥammad bin Kaydūm ibn `Umar bin abū al-Khayr Sa`īd, al-Ḥusaynī, al-Qāhirī, al-Ḥanafī.

– `Abdul-Kabīr bin abī al-Sa`ādāt (lived at the end of the ninth century Hijri) / Faqīh, Khaṭṭāṭ:
`Abdul-Kabīr bin abī al-Sa`ādāt bin Maḥmūd bin `Ādil, al-Ḥusaynī, al-Madanī.

– `Alī ibn al-Naqīb (b.852 AH) / Naqīb al-Ashrāf, Faqīh, Lughawī, Mushārik fīl-`Ulūm:
`Alī bin Muḥammad bin Abū Bakr bin `Alī bin Ibrāhīm bin `Alī bin `Adnān bin Ja`far bin Muḥammad bin `Adnān  bin Nāṣir al-Dīn, al-Ḥusaynī, al-Dimashqī.

– Muḥammad bin abī al-Ṣafā (died in the end of of the ninth century Hijri) / Faqīh, Lughawī:
Muḥammad bin Ibrāhīm bin `Alī bin Ibrāhīm bin Kamāl-ul-Dīn, abū Yūsuf, al-Ḥusaynī, al-`Irāqī, al-Qāhirī.

-10th century Hijrī-

– `Abdullāh bin abī al-Sa`ādāt (b.853 – d. tenth century AH) / Muḥaddith, Faqīh:
`Abdullāh bin abī al-Sa`ādāt, Muḥammad bin Maḥmūd bin `Ādil bin Mas`ūd, al-Ḥusaynī, al-Madanī, al-Ḥanafī.

-11th century Hijrī-

– Aḥmad al-Ḥamawī (d.1098 AH) / Faqīh, Muftī:
Shihāb-ul-Dīn, abū al-`Abbās, Aḥmad bin Muḥammad Makkī, al-Ḥusaynī, al-Ḥamawī, al-Maṣrī.

-Ṣabghatullāh  al-Barwajī (d.1015 AH) / Faqīh, Murabbi:
Ṣabghatullāh bin Rūḥullāh bin Jamālullāh, al-Barwajī, al-Madanī, al-Ḥusaynī.

– `Abdullāh Qaḍīb al-Bān (b. beginning of eleventh century – d.1096 AH) / Naqīb al-Ashrāf, Adīb:
`Abdullāh bin Muḥammad Ḥijāzī bin `Abdulqādir bin Muḥammad, al-Ḥasanī al-Ḥalabī.

– Muḥammad al-Kawākibī (b.1018 – d.1096 AH) / Mufassir, Faqīh, Muftī, Adīb, Shā`ir:
Muḥammad bin Ḥasan bin Aḥmad bin Muḥammad al-Kawākibī, al-Ḥusaynī, al-Ḥalabī.

– Muḥammad bin Kamāl-ul-Dīn ibn Ḥamzah (b.1024 – d.1085 AH) / Naqīb al-Ashrāf, Faqīh:
Muḥammad bin Naqīb al-Ashrāf Kamāl-ul-Dīn bin Naqīb al-Ashrāf Muḥammad bin Ḥusayn bin Muḥammad bin Ḥamzah, al-Ḥusaynī.

-12th century Hijrī-

– Ibrāhīm al-Murādī (b.1118 – d.1142 AH) / Faqīh, Mudarris:
Ibrāhīm bin Muḥammad bin Muḥammad Murād bin `Alī bin Dāwūd bin Kamāl-ul-Dīn bin Mūsā bin Ṣāliḥ al-Qādī bin Muḥammad bin `Umar bin Shu`ayb bin Hūd bin `Alī al-Hādī bin Muḥammad al-Jawād bin `Alī al-Riḍā bin Mūsā al-Kāẓim bin Ja`far al-Ṣādiq bin Muḥammad al-Bāqir bin `Alī Zayn al-`Ābidīn bin al-Ḥusayn bin `Alī bin abū Ṭālib.

– Ibrāhīm ibn Ḥamzah (b.1054 – d.1120 AH) / Naqīb al-Ashrāf, Muḥaddith, Naḥawī:
Ibrāhīm bin Muḥammad bin Kamāl-ul-Dīn bin Shams-ul-Dīn Muḥammad bin Badr-ul-Dīn Ḥusayn bin Ḥāfiẓ al-Muḥaddith bin Kamāl-ul-Dīn Muḥammad bin `Iz-ul-Dīn Ḥamzah bin abī al-`Abbās Aḥmad bin `Alā’-ul-Dīn `Alī bin al-Ḥāfiẓ Shams-ul-Dīn Muḥammad bin `Alī bin al-Ḥasan bin Ḥamzah bin Muḥammad bin Nāṣir al-Dīn bin `Alī bin al-Ḥusayn bin Ismā`īl al-Ḥarrānī bin al-Ḥusayn bin Aḥmad bin Ismā`īl bin Muḥammad bin Ismā`īl al-‘A`raj bin Ja`far al-Ṣādiq.

– Aḥmad bin abī al-Su`ūd al-Kawākibī (b.1130 – d.1197 AH) / Muftī, Naqīb al-Ashrāf, Shā`ir:
Aḥmad bin abī al-Su`ūd bin Aḥmad bin Muḥammad bin Ḥasan bin Aḥmad bin Muḥammad bin Aḥmad bin Yaḥyā bin Muḥammad al-Kawākibī bin Ṣaḍr-ul-Dīn Ibrāhīm bin `Alā’-ul-Dīn `Alī bin Ṣaḍr-ul-Dīn Mūsā bin Ṣafiy-ul-Dīn Isḥāq bin Amīn-ul-Dīn Jibrīl bin Ṣāliḥ bin Quṭb-ul-Dīn Abū Bakr bin Ṣalāḥ-ul-Dīn Rashīd bin Muḥammad al-Ḥāfiẓ bin `Awḍ al-Khawwaṣ bin Fayrūz-Shāh al-Bukhārī bin Mahdī bin Badr-ul-Dīn Ḥasan bin abī al-Qāsim Muḥammad bin Thābit bin Ḥusayn bin Aḥmad bin al-Amīr Dāwūd bin `Alī bin Mūsā al-Thānī bin Ibrāhīm al-Murtaḍā bin Mūsā al-Kāẓim bin Ja`far al-Ṣādiq.

– Aḥmad al-Sa`īd al-Murādī (b.1150 – d.1170 AH) / Faqīh, Adīb:
abū al-Majd, Aḥmad al-Sa`īd bin `Alī bin Muḥammad bin Murād bin `Alī bin Dāwūd, al-Ḥusaynī.

– Aḥmad al-Kawākibī (b.1054 – d.1124 AH) / `Allāmah, Muftī, Adīb:
Aḥmad bin Muḥammad bin Ḥasan bin Aḥmad, al-Kawākibī, al-Ḥusaynī, al-Ḥalabī.

– Ḥusayn al-Murādī al-Kabīr (b.1138 – d.1188 AH) / Muftī al-Shām, Adīb:
Ḥusayn bin Muḥammad bin Muḥammad Murād bin `Alī bin Dāwūd bin Kamāl-ul-Dīn Ṣāliḥ, al-Ḥusaynī, al-Dimashqī, al-Murādī, al-Ḥanafī.

– Sa`dī ibn Ḥamzah (b.1075 – d.1132 AH) / Faraḍī, Muḥaddith, Muhandis:
Sa`dī bin `Abdul-Rahmān bin Muḥammad, al-Ḥusaynī, al-Dimashqī.

– abū al-Su`ūd al-Kawākibī (b.1090 – d.1137 AH) / Mufassir, Faqīh, Muftī:
abū al-Su`ūd bin Aḥmad bin Muḥammad bin Ḥasan, al-Kawākibī, al-Ḥusaynī, al-Ḥalabī.

– `Abdul-Rahmān al-Sulaymānī (d. 1165 AH) / Muḥaddith, Faqīh, Ṭabīb:
`Abdul-Rahmān bin Muḥammad Aslam bin `Abdul-Rahmān, al-Ḥasanī al-Ḥusaynī, al-Sulaymānī, al-Makkī.

– `Abdul-Karīm ibn Ḥamzah (b.1051 – d.1118 AH) / Naqīb lil-Ashrāf, `Allāmah, Adīb:
`Abdul-Karīm bin Naqīb al-Ashrāf Muḥammad Kamāl-ul-Dīn, al-Ḥusaynī.

– `Abdullāh Bāshā al-Jitjī (b.1115 – d.1174 AH) / Faqīh, Wālī, `Ālim, Mushārik:
`Abdullāh Bāshā bin Ibrāhīm, al-Jitjī, al-Ḥusaynī, al-Jarmakī.

– `Abdul-Mun`im ibn al-Ashraf (d.1160 AH) / Muftī, Muhandis:
`Abdul-Mun`im bin Khiḍr bin Muṣṭafā bin Khiḍr bin Muṣṭafā bin Ismā`īl, al-Ḥusaynī, al-Ḥumṣī.

– `Alī al-`Ajlānī (b.1127 – d.1183 AH) / Naqīb al-Ashrāf, Wajīh:
`Alī bin Ismā`īl bin Ḥasan bin Ḥamzah bin Ḥasan, al-Ḥusaynī, al-Dimashqī.

– `Alīmullāh al-Hindī (d.1176 AH) / Murabbi, `Ālim, Mudarris:
`Alīmullāh bin `Abd-ul-Rashīd, al-`Abbāsī, al-Hindī.

– Muḥammad Amīn al-Mīrghanī (d.1161 AH) / Muḥaddith, Faqīh, Zāhid:
Muḥammad Amīn bin hasan bin Muḥammad Ameeen bin `Alī, al-Mīrghanī,al-Ḥusaynī, al-Makkī.

– Muḥammad abī al-Su`ūd al-Ḥusaynī (d.1172 AH) / Faqīh, Muftī:
Muḥammad abū al-Su`ūd bin `Alī bin `Alī bin abī al-Khayr Iskandar, al-Ḥusaynī, al-Maṣrī, al-Sayyid al-Sharīf.

– Muḥammad al-Murādī (b.1094 – d.1169 AH) / `Ālim, Qādi, Faqīh, Zāhid:
Muḥammad bin Muḥammad Murād bin `Alī, al-Ḥusaynī, al-Bukhārī.

– Murād al-Murādī (b.1050 – d.1132 AH) / `Allāmah, Raḥḥālah, Mufassir, Muḥaddith:
Murād bin `Alī bin Dāwūd bin Kamāl-ul-Dīn bin Ṣāliḥ bin Muḥammad, al-Ḥusaynī, al-Bukhārī.

– Yūsuf al-Naqīb (b.1073 – d.1153 AH) / Muftī, Naqīb al-Ashrāf:
abū al-Maḥāsin, Jamāl-il-Dīn Yūsuf ibn Ḥusayn bin Darwīsh, al-Ḥusaynī, al-Ḥalabī.

-13th century Hijrī-

– `Ārif Hikmat (b.1201 – d.1275 AH) / Shaykh-ul-Islam, `Allāmah, Adīb, Mushārik fīl-`Ulūm, Naqīb al-Ashrāf:
Shihāb-ul-Dīn, Aḥmad `Ārif bin Ibrāhīm `Iṣmatullāh bin abī al-Walīd Ismā`īl bin Ibrāhīm Bāshā, al-Ḥusaynī, al-Istānbūlī.

– Aḥmad al-`Ajlānī (d.1277 AH) / Naqīb al-Ashrāf:
Aḥmad bin Sa`īd bin Ḥamzah bin `Alī bin `Abbās bin `Alī bin Ismā`īl, al-Ḥusaynī, ibn `Ajlān.

– Ismā`īl Ḥamzah (b.1183 – d.1222 AH) / Amīn al-Fatwā:
Ismā`īl bin Ḥamzah bin Yaḥyā bin Ḥasan bin Naqīb al-Ashrāf `Abdul-Karīm bin Naqīb al-Ashrāf Muhamamd al-Ḥusaynī, ibn Ḥamzah.

– Amīn al-Jundī al-Muftī (b.1229 – d.1295 AH) / Muftī al-Shām, Adīb, Khatīb, Shā`ir:
Amīn bin Muḥammad bin `Abdul-Wahhāb bin Isḥāq bin `Abdul-Rahmān bin Ḥasan bin Muḥammad, al-Jundī, al-Mu`arrī, al-Dimashqī, al-`Abbāsī.

– Ḥasan Taqī-ul-Dīn (d.1264 AH) / Muftī Dimashq, Naqīb al-Ashrāf:
Ḥasan bin Taqī-ul-Dīn bin Ḥasan bin Muṣṭafā bin `Abdul-Rahmān bin Ismā`īl bin Muhibb-ul-Dīn bin Shams-ul-Dīn bin Zayn-ul-Dīn bin Ḍiyā’-ul-Dīn Humaydah bin Zayn-ul-Dīn `Umayrah, al-Būṣilī, al-Balqawī, al-Ḥuṣnī, al-Ḥusaynī.

– Ḥusayn al-Murādī (b.1200 – d.1267 AH) / Muftī al-Shām, Faqīh:
Ḥusayn bin `Alī bin Ḥusayn bin Muḥammad bin Murād, al-Naqshabandī, al-Bukhārī, al-Ḥusaynī.

– Ḥusayn Ḥamzah (b.1161 – d.1203 AH) / `Ālim, Shā`ir, min Ṣuḍūr Dimashq:
Badr-ul-Dīn abū al-Luṭf Ḥusayn bin Naqīb al-Ashrāf Yaḥyā bin Ḥasan bin `Abdul-Karīm bin Muḥammad bin Kamāl-ul-Dīn Muḥammad, al-Ḥusaynī.

– Ḥamzah al-`Ajlānī (d.1228 AH) / Muftī Dimashq:
Ḥamzah bin `Alī bin `Abbās bin `Alī bin Ismā`īl bin Ḥasan bin Ḥamzah, al-Ḥusaynī, al-`Ajlānī.

– Ḥamzah Ḥamzah (b.1142 – d.1217 AH) / Naqīb Ashrāf Dimashq, min Ṣuḍūr Dimashq:
Ḥamzah bin Yaḥyā bin hasan bin Naqīb al-Ashrāf `Abdul-Karīm bin Muḥammad, al-Hamzawī, al-Ḥanafī, al-Ḥusaynī.

– Darwīsh al-`Ajlānī (b.1228 – d.1297 AH) / Naqīb al-Ashrāf, `Ālim, Faraḍī:
Darwīsh bin Ḥusayn bin `Umar bin Ibrāhīm bin Ḥusayn, al-`Ajlānī, al-Ḥusaynī.

– Darwīsh Ḥamzah (b.1200 – d.1249 AH) / Faqīh, Khaṭṭāṭ:
Darwīsh bin Muḥammad bin Ḥusayn bin Yaḥyā bin Ḥasan bin `Abdul-Karīm, al-Ḥusaynī.

– Rāghib al-`Ajlānī (b.1236 – d.1263 AH) / Naqīb al-Ashrāf:
Rāghib bin Sa`īd bin Ḥamzah bin `Alī bin `Abbās bin `Alī bin Ismā`īl, al-`Ajlānī, al-Ḥusaynī.

– Sa`īd al-Ḥalabī (b.1188 – d.1259 AH) / Shaykh al-Hanafiyyah, Marji` Bilād al-Shām:
Sa`īd bin Ḥasan bin Aḥmad, al-Ḥalabī, al-Dimashqī.

– `Abdul-Rahmān al-Murādī (d.1218 AH) / Muftī:
`Abdul-Rahmān bin Ḥusayn bin Muḥammad bin Muḥammad Murād, al-Ḥusaynī, al-Murādī.

– `Abdulqādir Ḥamzah (b.1235 – d.1279 AH) / `Ālim Mushārik, Amīn lil-Fatwā:
`Abdulqādir bin Darwīsh bin Muḥammad bin Ḥusayn bin Yaḥyā bin Ḥasan bin `Abdul-Karīm al-Ḥusaynī.

– `Abdullāh al-Maḥjūb (d.1207 AH) / Faqīh, Adīb, Mushārik fīl-`Ulūm:
`Afīf-ul-Dīn, abū al-Siyādah `Abdullāh bin Ibrāhīm bin Ḥasan bin Muḥammad Amīn ibn `Alī Mīrghanī bin Ḥasan bin Mīrkhūrd bin Ḥaydar bin Ḥasan bin `Abdullāh ibn `Alī bin Ḥasan bin Aḥmad bin `Alī bin Ibrāhīm bin Yaḥyā bin `Īsā bin Abū Bakr bin `Alī bin Muḥammad bin Ismā`īl bin Mīrkhūrd al-Bukhārī bin `Umar ibn `Alī bin `Uthmān bin `Alī al-Muttaqī bin al-Ḥasan bin `Alī al-Hādī bin Muḥammad al-Jawād bin `Alī al-Riḍā, al-Ḥusaynī, al-Makki, al-Ṭā’ifī, al-Ḥanafī, al-Maḥjūb.

– `Abdullāh al-Murādī (b.1160 – d.1212 AH) / Muftī Dimashq:
`Abdullāh bin Muḥammad Ṭāhir bin `Abdullāh bin Muṣṭafā bin Muhamamd Murād, al-Murādī, al-Ḥusaynī.

– `Abdul-Muḥsin al-`Ajlānī (d.1263 AH) / Naqīb al-Ashrāf:
`Abdul-Muḥsin bin Ḥamzah bin `Alī bin `Abbās bin `Alī bin Ismā`īl, al-Ḥusaynī, al-`Ajlānī.

– Ṣafiy-ul-Dīn al-Bukhārī (b.1154 – d.1200 AH) / Muḥaddith, Musnid, Raḥḥālah:
abū al-Faḍl, Ṣafiy-ul-Dīn, Muḥammad bin Aḥmad bin Muḥammad bin Khayrullāh, al-Atharī, al-Ḥusaynī, al-Bukhārī.

– Muḥammad Kamāl Ḥamzah (d.1258 AH) / `Ālim, Faqīh, Wajīh:
Muḥammad Kamāl bin Ismā`īl bin Ḥamzah bin Yaḥyā bin Ḥasan, al-Ḥusaynī.

– Muḥammad Nasīb Ḥamzah (b.1201 – d.1257 AH) / Naqīb al-Ashrāf, Faqīh, Adīb, Zāhid:
Muḥammad Nasīb bin Ḥusayn bin Yaḥyā bin Ḥasan bin `Abdul-Karīm, al-Ḥusaynī.

– Muḥammad Sa`īd al-`Ajlānī (b.1170 – d.1250 AH) / Muftī Dimashq, `Ālim, Niḥrīr:
Muḥammad Sa`īd bin Ḥamzah bin `Alī bin `Abbās bin `Alī bin Ismā`īl bin Ḥasan, al-Ḥusaynī, al-`Ajlānī.

– Muḥammad Tillū (d.1282 AH) / `Ālim Jalīl, Faqīh:
abū al-`Irfān, `Alam-ul-Dīn, Muḥammad bin `Abdullāh bin `Umar bin Muṣṭafā, ibn Tillū, al-Dimashqī, al-`Abbāsī.

– Muḥammad Khalīl al-Murādī (b.1173 – d.1206 AH) / Mu’arrikh, Naqīb al-Ashrāf, `Allāmah, Adīb:
Ṣaḍr-ul-Dīn, abū al-Faḍl, Muḥammad Khalīl bin `Alī bin Muḥammad bin Muḥammad Murād ibn `Alī bin Dāwūd bin Kamāl-ul-Dīn, al-Ḥusaynī, al-Bukhārī.

– Muhamamd Amīn `Ābidīn (b.1198 – d.1252 AH) / Amīn Fatwā, `Allāmah Muḥaqqiq, Marji` al-Hanafiyyah fīl-Shām:
Muḥammad Amīn bin `Umar bin `Abdul-`Azīz bin Aḥmad bin `Abdul-Raḥīm bin Muḥammad Ṣalāḥ-ul-Dīn, ibn `Ābidīn, al-Ḥusaynī.

– Muḥammad Murtaḍā al-Zabaydī (b.1145 – d.1205 AH) / `Allāmah Mushārik, Muḥaddith, Mu’arrikh, Lughawī, Imām, Nassābah:
abū al-Fayḍ, Muḥammad bin Muḥammad bin Muḥammad bin `Abdul-Razzāq bin `Abdul-Ghaffār bin Tāj-ul-Dīn bin Ḥusayn bin Jamāl-ul-Dīn bin Ibrāhīm bin `Alā’-ul-Dīn bin Muḥammad bin abī al-`Izz bin abī al-Faraj bin Muḥammad bin Muḥammad bin Muḥammad bin `Alī bin Nāṣir al-Dīn bin Ibrāhīm ibn Qāsim bin Muḥammad bin `Alī bin Muḥammad bin `Īsā bin `Alī Zayn al-`Ābidīn, al-Murtaḍā, al-Zabaydī, al-Ḥusaynī.

– Shihāb-ul-Dīn al-Aalūsī (b.1217 – d.1270 AH) / Mufassir, Muḥaddith, `Allāmah:
Shihāb-ul-Dīn, abū al-Thanā’, Maḥmūd bin `Abdullāh al-Ḥusaynī, al-Aalūsī, al-Baghdādī.

– Yūsuf al-Maghribī al-Ḥasanī (d.1279 AH) / Raḥḥālah, `Allāmah Mushārik:
abū al-Makārim, Sayf-ul-Dīn Yūsuf bin badr-ul-Dīn bin `Abdul-Rahmān bin `Abdul-Wahhāb bin `Abdullāh bin `Abdul-Malik bin `Abdul-Ghanī bin `Abdul-`Azīz bin Mas`ūd bin Aḥmad bin Muḥammad bin Muḥammad bin Aḥmad bin `Abdul-Rahmān bin al-Qāsim bin Muḥammad bin Aḥmad bin al-Qāsim bin Muḥammad bin Ibrāhīm bin `Umar bin `Abdul-Raḥīm bin `Abdul-`Azīz al-Tabbā` bin Hārūn bin Junūn bin `Allūsh bin Mindīl ibn `Alī bin `Abdul-Rahmān bin `Īsā bin Aḥmad bin Muḥammad bin `Īsā bin Idrīs al-Anwar bin Idrīs al-Akbar, al-Ḥasanī, al-Marākishī, al-Maghribī, al-Dimashqī.

-14th century Hijrī-

– Aḥmad Shākir al-Kabīr (d.1315 AH) / `Allāmah Mushārik, Dā`iyah:
Aḥmad Shākir bin Khalīl, al-Za`farānbūlī, al-Jūlānī, al-Ḥusaynī.

– Aḥmad `Ābidīn (b.1239 – d.1307 AH) / Amīn lil-Fatwā, Zāhid:
Aḥmad bin `Abdul-Ghanī bin `Umar bin `Abdul-`Azīz bin Aḥmad bin `Abdul-Raḥīm bin Muḥammad Ṣalāḥ-ul-Dīn ibn Najm-ul-Dīn bin Muḥammad Kamāl ibn Taqī al-Dīn bin Muṣṭafā bin Ḥusayn bin Raḥmatullāh bin Aḥmad bin `Alī bin Aḥmad bin Maḥmūd bin `Izz-ul-Dīn `Abdullāh bin Qāsim bin Ḥasan bin Ismā`īl ibn Ḥusayn al-Mantūf(Maftūn) ibn Aḥmad bin Ismā`īl bin Muḥammad bin Ismā`īl al-A`raj bin Ja`far al-Ṣādiq bin Muḥammad al-Bāqir, al-Ḥusaynī.

– Aḥmad al-Ḥalabī (b.1252 – d.1304 AH) / Amīn Fatwā, Wajīh:
Aḥmad bin `Abdullāh bin Muḥammad Sa`īd bin Ḥasan bin Aḥmad, al-Ḥusaynī.

– Aḥmad al-Ḥasībī (d.1357 AH) Naqīb al-Ashrāf, Wajīh:
Aḥmad bin Muḥammad abī al-Su`ūd bin Aḥmad bin `Alī bin Muḥammad Ḥasīb bin Muḥammad, al-`Aṭṭār, al-Ḥusaynī, al-Ḥasībī.

– Aḥmad Rāfi` al-Ṭahṭāwī (b.1275 – d.1355 AH) /  `Allāmah, Faqīh, Mufassir:
Aḥmad Rāfi` bin Muḥammad bin `Abdul-`Azīz bin Rāfi`, al-Ḥusaynī, al-Qāsimī, al-Ṭahṭāwī.

– abū al-Ashbāl Aḥmad Shākir (b.1309 – d.1377 AH) / Faqīh, Qādi, `Allāmah, Muḥaddith:
Aḥmad bin Muḥammad Shākir bin `Abdulqādir, Shams-ul-A’immah, al-Ḥusaynī, al-Maṣrī.

– Ḥusayn al-Ḥamzāwī (b.1300 – d.1395 AH) / `Ālim, Faraḍī:
Ḥusayn bin `Abdul-Karīm bin Naqīb al-Ashrāf Salīm bin Naqīb al-Ashrāf Nasīb bin Ḥasan bin Yaḥyā bin Ḥasan bin Naqīb al-Ashrāf `Abdul-Karīm bin Naqīb al-Ashrāf Muḥammad Kamāl-ul-Dīn bin Muḥammad, al-Ḥusaynī.

– Riḍā al-Ḥalabī (b.1279 – d.1329 AH) / Muftī al-Shām, `Allāmah, Mushārik, Faqīh:
Riḍā bin Aḥmad bin `Abdullāh bin Muḥammad Sa`īd, al-Ḥusaynī, al-Ḥalabī.

– Shākir al-Ḥamzāwī (d.1328 AH) / Qādi, Wajīh:
Shākir bin As`ad bin Nasīb bin Ḥusayn bin Yaḥyā bin Ḥasan bin Naqīb al-Ashrāf `Abdul-Karīm, ibn Ḥamzah, al-Ḥusaynī.

– Ṭāhir Ḥamzah (d.1335 AH) / Amīn al-Fatwā, Faqīh:
Ṭāhir bin Muḥyī-ul-Dīn, ibn Ḥamzah, al-Ḥusaynī, al-Dimashqī.

– `Abdul-Ḥamīd al-Aalūsī (b.1232 – d.1324 AH) / `Ālim:
`Abdul-Ḥamīd bin Ṣalāḥ-ul-Dīn, al-Ḥusaynī, al-Aalūsī.

– `Abdul-Ḥamīd al-Ḥawāṣilī (b.1311 – d.1389 AH) / Ṣāliḥ, Zāhid:
`Abdul-Ḥamīd bin Muḥyī-ul-Dīn bin Muḥammad bin Muḥyī-ul-Dīn, al-Ḥawāṣilī, al-Ḥusaynī.

– `Abdul-Muḥsin al-Murādī (d.1332 AH) / Mudarris, Amīn al-Fatwā:
`Abdul-Muḥsin bin Ṣāliḥ, al-Ḥusaynī, al-Murādī.

– `Alā’-ul-Dīn `Ābidīn (b.1244 – d.1306 AH) / Amīn Fatwā, `Allāmah Mushārik:
`Alā’-ul-Dīn bin Muḥammad Amīn bin `Umar bin `Abdul-`Azīz bin Aḥmad bin `Abdul-Raḥīm bin Muḥammad Ṣalāḥ-ul-Dīn, ibn `Ābidīn, al-Ḥusaynī.

– `Alī al-`Aṭṭār al-Ḥasībī (d.1341 AH) / Naqīb al-Ashrāf, `Ālim:
`Alī bin abī Mas`ūd  bin Aḥmad bin `Alī, al-`Aṭṭār, al-Ḥusaynī, al-Ḥasībī.

– Muḥammad abū al-Khayr `Ābidīn (b.1269 – d.1344 AH) / Muftī al-Shām, `Allāmah, Faqīh:
Muḥammad abū al-Khayr bin Aḥmad bin `Abdul-Ghanī bin `Umar bin `Abdul-`Azīz bin Aḥmad ibn `Abdul-Raḥīm bin Muḥammad Ṣalāḥ-ul-Dīn, ibn `Ābidīn, al-Ḥusaynī.

– Muḥammad Mas`ūd al-Kawākibī (b.1281 – d.1348 AH) / Naqīb al-Ashrāf, `Allāmah Mushārik:
abū al-Su`ūd, Muḥammad Mas`ūd bin Aḥmad Bahā’ī bin Muḥammad Su`ūd al-Kawākibī, al-Ḥalabī, al-`Alawī.

– Muḥammad Ṣiddīq Ḥasan Khān (b.1248 – d.1307 AH) / Amīr, `Allāmah, Nābighah:
abū al-Ṭayyib, Muḥammad Ṣiddīq Khān bin Ḥasan bin `Alī bin Luṭfullāh, al-Ḥusaynī, al-Bukhārī, al-Qinnawjī.

– Muḥammad Khalīl al-Qāwiqjī (b.1224 – d.1305 AH) / Faqīh, Mufassir, `Allāmah Mushārik:
abū al-Maḥāsin, Muhamamd bin Khalīl bin Ibrāhīm, al-Ḥasanī.

– Muḥammad Sa`īd al-Ḥamzāwī (b.1313 – d.1398 AH) / Naqīb al-Ashrāf, Ra’īs Jam`iyat al-Hidāyah al-Islāmiyyah:
Muḥammad Sa`īd bin Darwīsh Aal-Ḥamzah, al-Ḥusaynī.

– Muḥammad Sa`īd al-Bānī (b.1294 – d.1351 AH) / Faqīh, Mufakkir:
Muḥammad Sa`īd bin `Abdul-Rahmān bin Muḥammad, al-Mūṣilī, al-Ḥasanī.

– Muḥammad `Ārif al-Jūyjātī (b.1317 – d.1395 AH) / Faqīh, Lughawī:
Muḥammad `Ārif bin Muḥammad Waḥīd bin Ṣāliḥ al-Jūyjātī, al-`Abbāsī.

– Maḥmūd al-Ḥamzāwī (b.1236 – d.1305 AH) / `Allāmat-ul-Shām, Muftī-ul-Shām:
Maḥmūd bin Muḥammad Nasīb bin Ḥusayn bin Yaḥyā bin Ḥasan bin Naqīb al-Ashrāf `Abdul-Karīm, ibn Ḥamzah, al-Ḥusaynī.

– Nu`mān Khayr-ul-Dīn al-Aalūsī (b.1252 – d.1317 AH) / `Allāmah, Wā`iẓ:
abū al-Barakāt, Nu`mān bin Maḥmūd bin `Abdullāh, al-Ḥusaynī, al-Aalūsī, al-`Irāqī.

– Yāsīn al-Jūyjātī (b.1301 – d.1384 AH) / `Ālim, Faqīh, Qāri’:
Yāsīn bin Muḥammad Waḥīd bin Ṣāliḥ al-Jūyjātī, al-`Abbāsī.

-15th century Hijrī-

– Ibrāhīm al-Ya`qūbī (b.1343 – d.1406 AH) / `Allāmah, Muḥaddith, Faqīh Mālikī, Faqīh Ḥanafī:
Ibrāhīm bin Ismā`īl bin Muḥammad al-Ṣiddīq bin Muḥammad al-Ḥasan bin Muḥammad al-`Arabī bin Aḥmad bin BāBā Ḥabīy bin al-Khiḍr bin `Abdulqādir bin Mizyān bin Muḥammad al-Ḥasan ibn Muḥammad al-Ṣaghīr ibn Ibrāhīm bin Yaḥyā bin Aḥmad bin Ṣāliḥ bin Idrīs ibn abī Ya`qūb bin Muḥammad al-Ḥasan bin al-Jūdī bin Aḥmad bin `Abdulqādir bin `Arabī bin Ṣāliḥ bin Sa`īd bin `Umar bin Aḥmad bin Maḥmūd bin Ḥusayn bin `Alī ibn Idrīs al-Anwar bin Idrīs al-Akbar bin `Abdullāh al-Maḥḍ bin al-Ḥasan al-Muthannā bin al-Ḥasan ibn `Alī ibn abī Ṭālib, al-Ya`qūbī, al-Ḥasanī, al-Dimashqī.

– abū al-Ḥasan al-Nadwī (b.1333 – d.1420 AH) / Dā`iyah `Ālamī, Mufakkir Kabīr, Raḥḥālah:
abū al-Ḥasan, `Alī bin `Abdulḥay bin Fakhr-ul-Dīn bin `Abdul-`Alī bin `Alī, al-Ḥasanī, al-Nadwī.

– Muḥammad Ḥusām-ul-Dīn al-Qudsī (b.1321 – d.1400 AH) / Kutubiyy, Nāshir:
Muḥammad Ḥusām-ul-Dīn bin Muḥammad Shafīq bin Muḥammad `Ārif bin Muḥyī-ul-Dīn, al-Ḥusaynī, al-Qudsī.

– Muḥammad abū al-Yusr `Ābidīn (b.1307 – d.1401 AH) / Ṭabīb, `Allāmah Mushārik, Muftī:
Muḥammad abū al-Yusr bin Muḥammad abī al-Khayr bin Aḥmad bin `Abdul-Ghanī bin `Umar bin `Abdul-`Azīz bin Aḥmad bin `Abdul-Raḥīm bin Muḥammad Ṣalāḥ-ul-Dīn, ibn `Ābidīn, al-Ḥusaynī.

– Muḥammad Murshid `Ābidīn (b.1327 – d.1428 AH) / Faqīh, Qādi, Mu`ammar:
Muḥammad Murshid bin Muḥammad abī al-Khayr bin Aḥmad bin `Abdul-Ghanī bin `Umar ibn `Abdul-`Azīz bin Aḥmad bin `Abdul-Raḥīm bin Muḥammad Ṣalāḥ-ul-Dīn, ibn `Ābidīn, al-Ḥusaynī.

– Muṣṭafā Ḥamdī al-Jūyjātī (b.1315 – d.1411 AH) / Faqīh, Muṣliḥ, `Allāmah Mushārik, Qāri’ Mutqin:
Muṣṭafā Ḥamdī bin Muḥammad Waḥīd bin Ṣāliḥ al-Jūyjātī, al-`Abbāsī.

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Praise be to Allāh, this book was finished in ‘2011’ by the original author from “مبرة الآل والأصحاب” . The abrigement was written in English in ‘2013’ by Hānī al-Ḥasanī al-Ḥusaynī al-Ṭarābulsī al-Shāfi`ī.

A Brief Biographical Account of Fatimah (Radhiyallahu Anha) binte Muhammad al Rasulullah (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wasallam)

[By Maulana Najeeb Qasmi]

Fatimah’s (radhiyallahu anha) birth

Mother of Imam Hasan (radhiyallahu anhu) and Imam Husain (radhiyallahu anhu) and the youngest daughter of Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) Fatimah az Zahra (radhiyallahu anha) was born to Khadeejah (radhiyallahu anha) in Makkah Mukarramah, roughly about five years before Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) received the first revelation. At the time of Fatimah’s (radhiyallahu anha) birth, Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) was approximately 35 years old and this was the time when Ka’aba was being rebuilt. On this very occasion of rebuilding of Ka’aba, Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) had devised an excellent strategy to place the black stone back in its place. His (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) strategy had put off the danger of a severe war between different tribes and because of this strategy he (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) was even more respected by all the tribes of Arabia.

All the sons of Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) passed away during their childhood. As a matter of fact, out of three sons of Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam), none survived for more than 2-3 years of life. Out of his (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) four daughters three passed away during his lifetime itself. Fatima (radhiyallahu anha) passed away six months after the death of Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam). None of Prophet’s (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) four daughter lived for more than 30 years. During the last years of Prophet Muhammad’s (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) life, Fatima (radhiyallahu anha) had become the centre of his love and affection. In general, Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) was quite fond of her. All four daughters of Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) are buried at Madinah Munawwarah’s famous graveyard Al-Baqee’.

Fatimah’s (radhiyallahu anha) Upbringing:

Fatimah (radhiyallahu anha) was raised by her gifted mother Khadeejah (radhiyallahu anha). Fatimah (radhiyallahu anha) was just 15 years old when she was deprived of her mother’s love and affection. After the death of Khadeejah (radhiyallahu anha) Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) himself looked after Fatimah (radhiyallahu anha). Prophet Muhammad’s (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) maidservant Umme Aiman (radhiyallahu anha) and Ali’s (radhiyallahu anhu) mother Fatimah bint Asad (radhiyallahu anha) also played a very important role in Fatimah’s (radhiyallahu anha) upbringing. Other than these two, Fatimah’s (radhiyallahu anha) sisters too remained at her side as and when it was needed.

Fatimah (radhiyallahu anha) resembled Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam):

Whenever Fatimah (radhiyallahu anha) would walk her overall persona would be quite similar to Prophet Muhammad’s (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) (Muslim). Similarly, A’aisha (radhiyallahu anha) narrates, “In terms of routine acts, habits, and behaviour I did not find anyone closer to Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) than Fatimah (radhiyallahu anha)” (Tirmidhi). Suffice it to say that the overall persona of Hadhrat Fatimah (radhiyallahu anha) and the way she used to converse, everything clearly offered a glimpse of Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam).

Serving Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam):

Right from the days of childhood Fatimah (radhiyallahu anha) used to look after Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam). Abdullah bin Mas’ud (radhiyallahu anhu) says, “Once Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) was offering prayer in The Grand Mosque (Ka’abah). Few goons of the Quraish tribe, as a matter of mischief, placed camel’s gut on him and started clapping with joy. Someone informed Fatimah (radhiyallahu anha) so she came running and threw the gut away”.

Similarly, once Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) was passing by one of the streets of Makkah. Some depraved fellow threw dirt on his (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) head from his rooftop. Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) reached his home in the same condition. When Fatimah (radhiyallahu anha) saw this condition of Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) she started crying and then she washed Prophet’s (sallallaahi alayhi wasallam) head and his (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) clothes.

Fatimah (radhiyallahu anha) used to serve Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) with remarkable courage and perseverance not only in everyday circumstances but in extremely challenging circumstances too. Therefore, in the Battle of Uhud, when the Prophet’s (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) teeth were broken and he (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) even suffered wounds on his forehead, Fatimah (radhiyallahu anha) reached Uhud and cleaned her father’s face with water and removed all the blood. Suffice it to say that Fatimah (radhiyallahu anha) served her father as perfectly as it was needed.

Fatimah’s (radhiyallahu anha) migration to Madinah Munawwarah:

The childhood of Fatimah (radhiyallahu anha) was spent facing difficulties and troubles in the name of Islam till the time Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam), in order to escape from the tortures meted out to him by the Quraish, migrated to Madinah Munawwarah with Abu Bakr (radhiyallahu anhu) as his fellow traveller. Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) had left behind his family in Makkah. After some time Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) made arrangements to get his family members and Abu Bakr’s (radhiyallahu anhu) family to Madinah Munawwarah. In this way Fatimah (radhiyallahu anha) migrated to Madinah Munawwarah and joined her father (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam).

Fatimah’s (radhiyallahu anha) Nikah:

In the second year of Hijrah, after the Battle of Badr, Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) married his youngest daughter Fatimah (radhiyallahu anha) to his paternal uncle’s son Ali bin Abi Talib (radhiyallahu anhu).

In Musnad Ahmad Hadhrat Ali’s (radhiyallahu anhu) narrative is recorded in his own words: “When I decided to express my wish before Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) to marry his youngest daughter Fatimah (radhiyallahu anha), I told myself, I did not have anything and therefore how could this proposal possibly be accepted?? But right after that, deep in my heart I felt how open-hearted and generous Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) is. So I went to Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) and proposed to marry Fatimah (radhiyallahu anha) . Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) asked me, “Do you have anything (to give in Mehr). I said, “No.” Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) said, “Where did your shield go?” I said, “Yes, that is with me.” Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) said, “Give that in Mehr (sell it and give the amount in Mehr).

Explanation: Historians have written that as per Prophet Muhammad’s (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) direction Ali (radhiyallahu anhu) had sold his shield. It was bought by Uthman Ghani (radhiyallahu anhu) and later he returned this shield to Ali (radhiyallahu anha) as a gift. This incident informs us how important it is to give Mehr as Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) made Ali (radhiyallahu anha) sell his most cherished item so that he could give Mehr.

Mehr of Fatimah (radhiyallahu anha)

In relation to the amount of Mehr given to Fatimah (radhiyallahu anha) there are several reports that can be summarised as, the Mehr given to Fatimah (radhiyallahu anha) was between 400 to 500 Dirham. Dirham was a silver coin that usually carried 2.975 grams of silver. In case we go by the report that says the Mehr was 480 Dirhams, Mehr of Fatimah (RA) would be 1428 grams (2.975 X 480). The entire Muslim nation knows this as Mehr-e-Fatimi. Allah knows best.

Explanation: Mehr is a woman’s right, it ought to be fixed at the time of Nikah and should be given before the girl leaves her house. With reference to Mehr the person should, as per his standing, fix an amount that is neither too high nor too low. In relation to the importance of this aspect of social life, in the Holy Qur’an, Allah has referred to Mehr on close to seven occasions. Therefore, we must give Mehr. In case we are not able to pay a huge amount in Mehr and the family members of the girl are hell bent upon a huge amount in Mehr (as we generally find in the countries we live in) then we must give a portion of it then and there (whatever we can afford) and with reference to the remaining amount it could be decided that it will be paid or given later (Mehr-e-Muajjal) as Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) made Ali (radhiyallahu anhu) give Mehr by asking him to sell his shield. Nowadays, we participate so enthusiastically in the expenditures related to dowry and marriage arrangements but we neglect our obligation vis-a-vis Mehr, something Allah has commanded us to do. May Allah forgive us all. Aameen.

Fatimah’s (radhiyallahu anha) dowry:

After collecting all the reports it turns out that the dowry of the leader of all the women of paradise comprised of very few things: 1) A cot, 2) A bedspread, 3) A leather pillow stuffed with date bark, 4) A manual flour grinder (according to several reports she was given two) and 5) Two Mashkeeze (used to bring water from the well).

Explanation: Fatimah (radhiyallahu anha) was Prophet Muhammad’s (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) most beloved and dearest daughter. Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) has called her the leader of the women of paradise. How simple Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) married her off; Ali (radhiyallahu anhu) made the proposal to marry her, Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) mentioned this before Fatimah (radhiyallahu anha), she remained silent, something that signifies acceptance, Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) accepted Ali’s (radhiyallahu anhu) proposal to marry Fatimah (radhiyallahu anha) and having finalised the Mehr he (sallallaahu alayho wasallam) performed the Nikah in the presence of those few companions present at that time. After few months, without any pomp and show, Fatimah (radhiyallahu anha) left her native home. In the books of history and Hadith it is mentioned that the dowry Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) had arranged for Fatimah (radhiyallahu anha) was bought with the amount Ali (radhiyallahu anha) had given in Mehr. Moreover, the dowry given was hardly substantial, for which neither did the Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) borrow money from anyone nor did he make a list of the items and showed it around nor did he indulge in publicizing the items given in dowry.

These days a lot of people indulge in dowry related arrangements with a lot of fervour no matter how much they borrow from others to get those arrangements in place. Even if one is not willing, some way or the other he is implicated in it. This needs an immediate reformist intervention because due to heavy dowry exchange countless girls and boys remain unmarried. Moreover, dowry is also the reason for the spread of different social evils in our society. Now a days, in general, the boy’s family makes a specific demand of several articles or a certain amount. And it has also been found that girls’ families compete with each other in terms of the dowry that is given, even if one earns money through unfair or impermissible means to spend on dowry related arrangements, something that is not permissible. May Allah save us all from this deadly disease. Aameen.

Fatimah’s (radhiyallahu anha) departure from her house:

Fatimah’s (radhiyallahu anha) was simply sent to her groom’s house with Umme Aiman (radhiyallahu anha). This was the farewell of the daughter of the most supreme of all the humans of both the worlds. There was no music, no palanquin, no throwing of currencies in air. Neither did Ali (radhiyallahu anhu) climb on a horse, nor did he have any Baraat, and nor did he blow off his money in firing crackers. On both sides simplicity was adopted and no work was done by borrowing money from someone. Today all of us make big claims of our love for Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) but following him and obeying his commands is considered as a matter of disgrace for ourselves as well as our family.   

Reception:

The next day Ali (radhiyallahu anhu) gave a small reception in which he offered whatever he could afford. In the reception there was Barley bread, dates, Hareerah (a sweet dish), cottage cheese, and meat [(Seerat Sarwar-e-Kaunain– Mufti Muhammad Aashiq Ilaahi Madani (rahimahullah)].      

Division of Work:

Ali (radhiyallahu anhu) did not have any servant or maidservant which is why Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallan) had divided work among him and Fatimah (radhiyallahu anha) in such a way that Fatimah (radhiyallahu anha) did all the household work such as grinding of flour, kneading dough, cooking food and cleaning of the house etc. and Ali (radhiyallahu anhu) used to look after outdoor works.

Tasbeeh-e-Fatimi:

Once few slaves and slave girls came to Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam). So Ali (radhiyallahu anhu) asked Fatimah (radhiyallahu anha) to ask Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) for a slave girl who could be of help to her in her household work. So with the intention of asking for a slave girl Fatimah (radhiyallahu anha) went to Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam). When Fatimah (radhiyallahu anha) reached Prophet Muhammad’s (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) place there were few people with him. Fatimah (radhiyallahu anha) felt shy and returned. Later Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) himself paid a visit to Fatimah’s (radhiyallahu anha) house. At that point Ali (radhiyallahu anhu) was also at home. Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) said, “Fatimah! What did you want to tell me when you came to meet me?” Fatimah (radhiyallahu anha) remained silent out of shyness but Ali (radhiyallahu anhi) said, “O Apostle of Allah! Because of grinding of flour there are boils on the hands of Fatimah (radhiyallahu anha) and because of lifting water filled Mashkeezah she has got marks on her body. As of now you have few slaves which is why I only advised her to ask you for a servant so that she could be relieved of this hardship.” After listening to this, Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) said, “O Fatimah! Should not I tell you something that is better for you than a servant; when you are about to sleep in the night recite Subhaanallah 33 times, Alhamdulillah 33 times and Allahu Akbar 34 times” (Abu Dawud, Volume 2, Page 64). So Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) did not give a servant or maidservant to his dearest daughter. Instead, in lieu of a servant, he (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) provided her the best possible thing from Allah i.e. remembrance of Allah. These recitations are known to the Muslim nation as Tasbeeh-e-Fatimi.

Few virtues of Fatimah (radhiyallahu anha):

Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) said, “ Fatimah (radhiyallahu anha) is a piece of my body. One who displeased her displeased me ” According to another report Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) said, “Fatimah’s (radhiyallahu anha)  grief grieves me and her suffering makes me suffer” [Muslim].

Whenever Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) used to embark upon a journey he used to visit Fatimah’s (radhiyallahu anha) house in the end and upon his (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) return before anyone else’s house he (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) visited Fatimah’s (radhiyallahu anha) house [Mishkaat].

Huzaifah (radhiyallahu anhu)  says, “I met Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam). At that point Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) said, “Doubtlessly this angel has never descended on earth before this night. Having sought permission from his Lord this angel has come to greet me and inform me that verily Fatimah (radhiyallahu anha) is the leader of the women of paradise and Hasan and Husain (radhiyallahu ta’ala anhum) are the leaders of the youth of paradise” (Mishkaat).

Fatimah (radhiyallahu anha) after the death of Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam):

Fatimah Zahra (radhiyallahu anha) was deeply saddened by Prophet Muhammad’s (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) death. Therefore, after Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) was buried she said something to Prophet Muhammad’s (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) slave Anas (radhiyallahu anha) which explains her inner turmoil and restlessness and reflects the condition of her grief-stricken heart. Fatimah (radhiyallahu anha) asked, “O Anas! How could you people throw dust on the body of Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam)”? [Mishkaat, page no. 547].

Fatimah’s (radhiyallahu anha) mother Khadeejah (radhiyallahu anha), her three sisters and all her brothers passed away during her lifetime. And then in the end her beloved father left this world. Therefore, no amount of grief on her father’s death was enough. Although Fatimah (radhiyallahu anha) demonstrated patience and endurance on the death of Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wqsallam) still she remained exceedingly sad after the death of Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam). Consequently, after the death of Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) Fatimah (radhiyallahu anha) could only stay alive for six months.

Fatimah’s (radhiyallahu anha) Children:

Fatimah (radhiyallahu anha) gave birth to three sons Hasan (radhiyallahu anhu), Husain (radhiyallahu anhu) and Muhsin (radhiyallahu anhu) and two daughters Zainab (radhiyallahu anha) and Umme Kulthoom (radhiyallahu anha). Mohsin (radhiyallahu anhu) died during childhood. Through Hasan (radhiyallahu anhu) and Husain (radhiyallahu anhu) continued the chain of descendants of their grandfather Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam). It is specifically with Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) that the progeny of his daughter Fatimah (radhiyallahu anha) is considered as his own chain of descendants otherwise the rule is that the progeny of a person proceeds through his sons.

Fatimah’s (radhiyallahu anha) Death:

Almost six months after the death of Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam), Fatimah (radhiyallahu anha), after remaining ill for a few days, passed away on 3rd of Ramadan, 11 AH, at the age of 29. She passed away after the Maghrib prayer and was buried after the ‘Isha (night) prayer.