Category Archives: Answering Hindu Cult

Refutation of the Concept of Karma

INTRODUCTION

Many people today are searching for a way to escape from all the inhumanity, chaos, confusion, quarrels, conflicts, worries, selfishness and deceit we see in the world; they are looking for a way to establish a way of life that will bring them contentment, inner certainty and peace.

Some of these seekers believe they will find the happiness and peace of mind they are looking for in religions such as Hinduism or Buddhism. Many people have been influenced by these eastern religions because of their aura of mystery and mysticism, and because they make use of techniques such as meditation, and because of the unusual attitudes, dress, manner of speech and religious practices of those who follow them.

However, although religions like Hinduism and Buddhism — among the oldest we know of — give some good ethical advice, not everything they contain is true. Over the centuries, they have absorbed elements of the customs and traditions of the societies that have adopted them en masse, and have degenerated as a result of various legends and erroneous beliefs that have been added to them, so that the form in which we know them today is one tainted with superstition. It is for this reason that these religions espouse many beliefs and practices that conflict with reason and logic.

So in the following pages it is important to remember that when we talk about Buddhism and Hinduism we are really talking about the current extremely ancient and now corrupted and degenerate religions, and not about the original religions and their founders. We have been taught by Allah that every people has had messengers and prophets to guide them through revelation. Some elements in Buddhism similar to the values of the Qur’an may lead one to think that Buddha might have been one of these messengers, who preached the religion of truth. But this religion is extremely ancient and inevitably became corrupted after him, and lost its authenticity by mixing with the cultures and religions of the countries in which it originated and to which it spread, and thus turned into a superstitious religion.[1]

The belief in karma is one such characteristic of these religions that are currently attracting interest in our countries. Although it encourages people to adopt certain positive moral qualities, the philosophy of karma also contains several erroneous and superstitious beliefs. It is not possible for these superstitions, which form the basis of the belief in karma, to become a way to freedom for humanity or to bring people genuine inner certainty and peace of mind. On the contrary, they cause even greater spiritual confusion. They cause people to adopt erroneous points of view and mistaken practices. It is these misleading beliefs and practices which are the main subject of this post.

Before considering the erroneous aspects of the belief in karma, it will be useful to remind ourselves of the following truth: the way to ensuring real happiness and peace of mind in this world is the religion of Islam and its source, the Qur’an which our Lord, Allah, the One and Only Lord of the universe, chose for humanity in order to restore the truths previously revealed to prophets and messengers among all peoples on Earth but forgotten and corrupted to some extent almost everywhere. As Allah has told us, the Qur’an and the Sunnah are the only things capable of rescuing humanity from darkness and bringing us into the light; the Qur’an is the only book capable of being humanity’s means of liberation. Allah explains this truth in the following words in the Qur’an, which are addressed to whoever follows one of the religions which existed before Islam:

People of the Book! Our Messenger has come to you, making clear to you much of the Book that you have kept concealed, and passing over a lot. A Light has come to you from Allah and a Clear Book. By it, Allah guides those who follow what pleases Him to the ways of Peace. He will bring them from the darkness to the light by His permission, and guide them to a straight path. [Surat al-Ma’idah: 15-16]

Alif Lam Ra. This is a Book We have sent down to you so that you can bring mankind from the darkness to the light, by the permission of their Lord, to the Path of the Almighty, the Praiseworthy. [Surah Ibrahim: 1]

In this article we shall deal both with those aspects of the belief in karma that concern good ethical practices that accord with the teachings of the Qur’an, and with those erroneous aspects that accord neither with the Qu’ran, nor with human reason and nor with human conscience.

We should remember, however, that the belief in karma, in the perverted form in which we have it with the inclusion of the concept of reincarnation, is one that is not supported by any evidence whatsoever and that it is not contained in any divinely revealed book; it is apparently a philosophy consisting merely of ideas that people have formulated. A philosophy of this kind could easily be put together by any person. In fact, an ordinary person could formulate several of these philosophies. Moreover, one would not need to possess any knowledge or spend any time in order to do this; a short time would be quite enough to formulate a whole philosophical system of “beliefs unsupported by evidence”. That is because belief in karma does not make claims to any basis in rationality.

Would it make sense to attempt to implement the rules of an irrational philosophy that lacks proper evidence to support it? In this article, using evidence to support our arguments, we will attempt to show how illogical it is to believe in karma or to try to live in accordance with it or with any other similar philosophy.

WHAT IS THE CONCEPT OF ‘KARMA’?

Belief in karma is an important element in superstitious eastern religions such as decadent Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism. Karma is a Sanskrit word meaning “action” or “movement”. In Indian religions, karma is conceived of as “the law of cause and effect”. According to those who believe in karma, in the future people will experience the consequences of whatever they have done in the past. Good comes from good, and evil from evil. It therefore follows that the situation they are in today is the result of the past.

According to this belief, however, what is meant by “the past” is the life that a person lived before their current life; what is meant by “the future” is their next life back on this Earth that will begin (or so it is claimed), after death. The reason for this is that the belief in karma is based on a belief in reincarnation—the belief that after death, people return to the world in a different body, and that this process of death and rebirth is continuous. It therefore follows that someone who believes in karma believes that in the so-called life they will have after death, whatever successes they have, whatever position in society they occupy and whatever way of life they enjoy will have been determined by how they behaved in their previous life and on their degree of morality in that life.

For example, someone who is rich and successful in this life is being rewarded with wealth for having been a good person in their previous life. In the same way (according to the concept of karma), someone who is poor, crippled or a failure in this life will have done bad things in their previous life and is now reaping the reward for those actions. In fact, it is claimed by those who subscribe to this superstitious belief system that people may take the form of plants or animals in their successive lives, depending on the nature of the evil they have done. Later in this book we will demonstrate in detail that belief in reincarnation is mere superstition.

At first sight it might appear that a belief in karma would provide a strong incentive for people to adopt attractive moral qualities, since they will want to enjoy the best possible conditions when they are reborn into this world. However, the belief in reincarnation and other superstitious concepts fostered by religions which espouse karma (such as Hinduism and decadent Buddhism), are contrary to human logic, human nature and the human conscience. Thus, the laws and practices of these religions cannot possibly endow people with good moral qualities; they cannot bring individuals peace of mind, inner confidence or happiness. The poor living conditions and the injustice prevalent in those countries where these religions are common or where they have, in fact, been adopted as the national religion, quite clearly demonstrate the truth of this.

One of the main reasons why some of the teachings of Hinduism and Buddhism attract attention is the interest shown in them by certain world-famous shaitani film stars and musicians. Some of these famous people have their photographs taken wearing Buddhist robes in Tibet, or they claim to have found peace of mind in meditation. Another thing that makes people interested in these religions is the aura of mystery and mysticism with which they are associated in the mind of the public.

But the great majority of people who are influenced by this mystical aura and who make a belief in karma the foundation for their way of life do not carry out any detailed investigation into these philosophies and do not think about them carefully enough. This is because they are too focused on the positive spiritual and moral aspects to see that these religions in their decadent conditions contain many beliefs that are inconsistent, illogical, and contrary to human nature and conscience, or perhaps they simply prefer to ignore these anomalies altogether.

However, anyone who wishes to escape from the difficult and depressing life they are leading and who sincerely wants all humanity to be able to live a life full of happiness and inner tranquility ought to make an effort to find the right way. Therefore, they should carefully investigate the philosophies by which they are influenced and should be inwardly certain which path is the most correct, the wisest and the one that best accords with their conscience.

The purpose of this article is to show people whose quest for the truth has led them to adopt the positive messages of the karma philosophy, that it is not the best path since it is derived from a religion based on myths, superstitions and practices that defy reason. The only way for people to live happily and enjoy peace of mind in this life and in their eternal life after death is for them to have faith in Allah and to act in accordance with the dictates of the Qur’an. The Qur’an is the book of truth revealed by our Lord, Allah, for the sake of thinking people; it is our only guide to salvation, bringing people from darkness into light. The only true way is to put into practice the ethics of the Qur’an and to fear Allah, the Creator of the heavens and the earth, Who keeps people from wickedness, discord, cruelty, oppression, intolerance, despair, pessimism, unhappiness and every kind of reprehensible act, and to live in accord with the Sunnah of His Noble Messenger, Muhammad, may Allah bless him and grant him peace.

REINCARNATION ACCORDING TO THE IDEA OF KARMA

Reincarnation — the concept that people come back to the world in another body after their death — follows from the belief in karma and is absolutely fundamental to Indian religions. The relationship between karma and reincarnation is explained in a book entitled Dinler Tarihi (The History of Religions) in the following words:

Reincarnation is the belief that the soul passes from one body into another after death. Reincarnation is part and parcel of the philosophy of karma. According to this belief, a soul is either high born or low born in terms of its degree of development. A person may be reborn as a plant, an animal, a human being or a god, depending on his or her actions. (Thus, people are the architects of their own fates.) This rebirth takes place as a result of cause and effect. By means of reincarnation, it is possible for us to be given the moral and spiritual reward of our actions. Happiness in one’s next life depends on right action. Every individual is responsible for his or her own situation. There is no need to fear death. Through continuous rebirths, people achieve their desires and enjoy continual satisfaction. They live in the god Brahma. It is claimed that this belief endows the native of India with a powerful optimism.[2]

As we see here, the belief in karma does not imply a belief in the afterlife; in place of this, there is a belief in rebirth into this world with the same soul but in a new body. This, however, is an erroneous and superstitious belief that conflicts with what Allah tells us in the Qur’an.

Another erroneous aspect of this philosophy that calls for attention is the belief that people can be reborn as gods. This is the most superstitious and unrealistic claim ever made in the history of mankind. Such a claim is polytheism. It is an open denial of Allah’s indivisibility. It is obvious that no one can be a god; there is only one God and He has not given birth to anything, nor was He given birth to. Allah is the Lord, the Creator, the Protector and the Sole God of the whole universe and of all living things. He is Unique and has no equal. Our Lord, Allah, tells us this in the Qur’an:

Say: “He is Allah, Absolute Oneness, Allah, the Everlasting Sustainer of all. He has not given birth and was not born. And no one is comparable to Him”. [Surat al-Ikhlas: 1-4]

Those who hold any belief other than this have departed from the right road and it will be to their detriment in the life after death.

There is no reincarnation; death and resurrection happen only once

Reincarnation is a superstitious belief unconfirmed by any divine source. However, there are people all over the world, apart from those who follow Indian religions, who believe in reincarnation, or rather would wish that the idea of reincarnation were true. The reason for this is that people who do not believe in religion, who deny the existence of an afterlife and are afraid of either ceasing to exist or of living in Hell forever after their death, see reincarnation as a way of overcoming these fears. Belief in reincarnation necessitates believing that one should not be afraid of death; it misleads one into thinking that he will achieve his desires by means of rebirth.

However, the Qur’an tells us that death and resurrection occur only once. Every one of us has only one life to live in this world; after that life, we die, and after death we are brought to life again. Then we stay in the Garden or in the Fire for eternity, depending on what we have done in this world and whether we have worshipped Allah without associating partners to Him. In other words, we only live once in this world, and then we have an afterlife, which goes on forever. The Qur’an tells us quite clearly that we will not be able to return to this world after death:

There is a ban on any city We have destroyed; they will not return. [Surat al-Anbiya: 95]

When death comes to one of them, he says, “My Lord, send me back again. so that perhaps I may act rightly regarding the things I failed to do!” No indeed! It is just words he utters. Before them there is an interspace until the Day they are raised up. [Surat al-Muminun: 99-100]

As we see from these verses, when some people meet death, they cherish the hope that they will be brought back to life again. However, at that moment it will be explained to them that this is not possible. In another verse, Allah says this about our death and rising from the dead:

How can you reject Allah, when you were dead and then He gave you life, then He will make you die and then give you life again, then you will be returned to Him? [Surat al-Baqarah: 28]

As we see from this verse, at the very beginning we are dead: we have no existence whatsoever. Then Allah gives us life and human form from this state. Some time after this when our lives are over, our bodies decay and disintegrate into earth once again. This is our second transition to the state of being dead. All that remains is for us to rise again. This happens in the next world. We will all rise again in the afterlife; then we will understand that we can never return again to the world, and we will account for everything we did in this world.

In other verses, it is explained to us that after we have come into this world, we will only face one single death:

They will not taste any death there — except for the first one. He will safeguard them from the punishment of the Blazing Fire. A favour from your Lord. That is the Great Victory. [Surat ad-Dukhan: 56-57]

The above verses state clearly and unequivocally that we only die once. However much one may wish to adopt superstitious beliefs such as a belief in reincarnation in order to overcome the fear of death and the afterlife and so console himself, the reality is that we will never come back to this world again after our death. Everyone will die just once, and after death, in accordance with Allah’s will, we will begin our everlasting life in the next world. Allah will reward a person in the Garden or punish him in the Fire for his living a life in harmony with His unity or his covering over that truth in this world. Allah is the source of eternal justice. He is infinitely Merciful and Kind, and gives humans the true and just reward for their belief or disbelief and actions.

Seeking consolation in superstitious beliefs because of the fear of death and the fear of going to the Fire will undoubtedly bring disaster. Any intelligent and conscientious person, if they are afraid of these things, will turn to Allah with a sincere heart in the hope of going to the Garden and escaping the torments of the Fire, and they will obey the Qur’an, our sole guide to salvation, and live by the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace.

THE AFTERLIFE ACCORDING TO THE IDEA OF KARMA

There is no belief in an afterlife in religions that espouse the concept of reincarnation, except sometimes as an intermediate stage between lives in this world. As we have explained in the preceding chapters, this mistaken idea holds that people return to the world after each death, and that this process of transformation is continuous.

According to decadent Hinduism, every time people are reborn, they are born into one of the different castes according to what good or evil they did in their previous lives. It is well known that the caste system is still prevalent in Indian society; whatever people may do in this world, they cannot change their caste. If you are born as an untouchable, you will inevitably die as an untouchable; if you are born a worker, you will die a worker. It is believed that it is what people have done in their previous lives that determines into what caste they will be born. Therefore, someone who is an untouchable in this life will, according to the idea of karma, be reborn into a higher caste in their next life if their actions are good.

Again, according to this erroneous belief, if one has “good karma”, he will be born into a higher caste each time he comes into this world, and finally he will be born into the highest caste as a Brahmin – priest. It is believed that if one does good deeds during his life as a Brahmin, he will not come back to this world again. For someone of this kind, the “wheel of life” is completed and he has “attained Nirvana”.

According to this belief, ”attaining Nirvana” means that one has thrown off all worldly desires and returned to the soul of Brahman who is described as the “Soul of the World”, with whom one is united. In Indian religions, this is thought to be the greatest happiness a soul can achieve. Thus, according to this incorrect belief, even though a person may do good every time he is born into this world, this will never result in his having an afterlife; he will return to and become united with the soul of Brahman.[3]

In some Buddhist sources, we are given the following information about life after death:

Whether one is reborn in Heaven or in one of the various levels of Hell, the forms of existence in these places are transitory, as they are on earth, and are not eternal. As in Hinduism, the period of time during which the individual remains in these places depends on the amount of good and evil they have done while on earth. When the proscribed time has been completed, they will return to earth again. Heaven and Hell are no more than temporary states of existence in which the acts of the individual while on earth receive their reward.[4]

Thus we see that in karma concept there is a belief of a kind in a Heaven and Hell in which people receive the reward of their actions. However, because this belief is not derived from a religion of truth, it contains many inconsistencies and logical fallacies. First of all, it is claimed that Heaven and Hell are transitory, not eternal — this is not what Islam tell us.

The most illogical aspect of this idea is the belief that this whole system works by itself. In other words, the existence of a Creator Who created the life of this world, Who created the Garden and the Fire, and Who rewards or punishes people for their actions, is denied. This is an extremely illogical and totally unacceptable proposition. In the absence of a creative power that governs justly, a supreme power capable of creating Heaven and Hell, any claim that people will go to Heaven or to Hell is unacceptable to our intelligence and our conscience.

Moreover, apart from these beliefs, the concept of karma provides no explanation whatsoever as to how Heaven and Hell came into being without a Creator. These claims are merely erroneous beliefs, maintained as a tradition and as a superstition.

The Afterlife as described in the Qur’an

As we have seen above, in religions that accept the idea of karma there is either no belief in an afterlife, or there is mention of the next world as a place where one stays temporarily. Whereas, Allah tells us in the Qur’an that when people have lived on earth for a short time they will stay in their “real home”, the next world, for ever. According to the Qur’an’s teaching, it is this world that is transitory. Everyone, when they have lived in this world for some 50 or 60 years on average, will receive their reward in Heaven or in Hell for all they have done during their time on earth. This is explained in the Qur’an as follows:

The life of this world is nothing but a game and a diversion. The abode of the hereafter — that is truly Life if they only knew. [Surat al-Ankabut: 64]

The life of this world is nothing but a game and a diversion. The hereafter is better for those who do their duty. So will you not use your intellect? [Surat al-An’am: 32]

Belief in the Afterlife is one of the basic tenets of Islam. Therefore it is not possible for a Muslim to accept the validity of any belief that denies the existence of an Afterlife, or to be guided by such a belief. Those who adopt a superstitious belief of this kind on the basis of hearsay, as an affectation or to follow the latest fad, need to keep this in mind. Allah describes the fate of those who deny the existence of the next world in the following words:

As for those who denied Our Signs and the encounter of the hereafter, their actions will come to nothing. Will they be repaid except for what they did? [Surat al-A’raf: 147]

As we see in this verse, the actions of those who reject Allah’s words and deny the existence of the next world will not receive a pleasant reward. Even though such people’s actions are good, if they are not done in order to win Allah’s blessing and His mercy and to attain the Garden, but rather in order to have a better life in the next incarnation, they will not find favour with Allah, unless Allah wishes that it should be so.

Life in the Garden or in the Fire will go on for ever

Contrary to what those who believe in karma say, the Garden and the Fire are not places in which we stay temporarily. Both will go on for ever. Also, just as those who go to the Garden will never leave it, so will some of those who go to the Fire stay there for ever. There is a superstitious belief not only among those who accept the idea of karma but also among the general public that Hell is only temporary, and that when people have lived through the tortures of Hell and so been punished, they will go to Heaven.[5] Allah explains this in the following words:

They say, “The Fire will only touch us for a number of days”. Say, “Have you made a contract with Allah—then Allah will not break His contract—or are you rather saying about Allah what you do not know?” No indeed! Those who accumulate bad actions and are surrounded by their mistakes, such people are the Companions of the Fire, remaining in it timelessly, for ever; whereas those who believe and do right actions, such people are the Companions of the Garden, remaining in it timelessly, for ever. [Surat al-Baqara: 80-82][6]

Those who fear that death will bring a cessation of existence will cry out for destruction when they are in Hell

As we have already stated, one of the most important reasons why some people believe in reincarnation is that they are afraid of ceasing to exist when they die. Since they are frightened by the thought of this, people who are unbelievers or have very little religious faith either avoid thinking about death altogether or they try to console themselves by believing in superstitions such as reincarnation.

However, people do not cease to exist when they die. It is only our bodies that die. The spirit will live forever. However, this new life will be in the next world, not (as the reincarnation idea would have us believe) in this one. Everyone will be rewarded for what they have done during their earthly life; their reward will be either a life of happiness and peace in the Garden, in which there are infinite blessings and countless good things, or a life in the fires of Hell, where there is unbearable suffering and pain. The reward that those who deny Allah will receive is the eternal torture of the Fire; they will wish a thousand times over that they could die and cease to exist. Nevertheless, they will receive the true and just reward for having denied Allah during their time on earth. Allah describes the condition of the inhabitants of the Fire in the following verses:

But as for him who is given his Book behind his back, he will cry out for destruction but will be roasted in a Searing Blaze. He used to be joyful in his family. He thought that he was never going to return. [Surat al-Inshiqaq: 10-14]

When they are flung into a narrow place in it, shackled together in chains, they will cry out there for destruction. “Do not cry out today for just one destruction, cry out for many destructions!” [Surat al-Furqan: 13-14]

The tortures of Hell are so violent and so painful that those who fear death and an end to their existence, and turn their faces away from Allah’s religion, seeking consolation in superstitious beliefs, and those who deny the existence of Allah and the next world, will instead wish for that very end to their existence in preference to the tortures of the Fire.

Everyone who has learnt from the Qur’an of the existence of the next world, of the eternal agonies of the Fire and of the extraordinary beauty of the eternal life in the Garden should consider these things carefully and sincerely. Only someone lacking in intelligence and lacking a conscience would admit the possibility that the pains of Hell really existed and still refuse to reflect on the implications. Faced with the possibility of such a terrible thing as living in the Fire for ever, it would be the height of stupidity to cast this awareness aside in one’s determination to “get the best out of life” during the short time we have on Earth.

Instead, we should make a serious effort to avoid bringing this torture upon ourselves, and we should meticulously follow the teachings that Allah gives us in the Qur’an, and make the best possible use of the time given to us in this world in view of the reality of the afterlife. We will understand everything fully only at the very moment when death comes to us. This is what the Qur’an tells us about what is said at that moment by those who have tried to avoid thinking about these things because of their fear of death:

The throes of death come revealing the truth. That is what you were trying to evade! The Trumpet will be blown. That is the Day of the Threat. Every self will come together with a driver and a witness: “You were heedless of this so We have stripped you of your covering and today your sight is sharp”. His inseparable comrade will say, “This is what I have ready for you”. Hurl into Hell every obdurate disbeliever, impeder of good, doubt-causing aggressor, who set up another god together with Allah. Hurl him into the terrible punishment. [Surah Qaf: 19-26]

THE LIFE OF THIS WORLD ACCORDING TO THE IDEA OF KARMA

As we have said before, according to the concept of karma those who do good in their lives on earth will be rewarded with good in the life to come, while those who do evil will be rewarded with evil. Thus the concept of karma tells us that our earthly life is both the result of our previous life and the cause of our next life on Earth. At first sight, it might appear that the expectation of having another life after death would lead those who believe in karma to perform good actions — that is, it might seem that people who believe in the idea of karma will try to behave well in order to deserve good things in their next life, and will try to avoid evil.

However, karma does not provide a powerful enough motivation for someone who has not made a sincere decision to be virtuous, because people who accept the idea of karma believe that the wheel of birth and death is endless and that they will inevitably be reborn after every death. They think they will have an infinite number of chances. So when they do evil, they may think: “Even if I have a worse life next time, I can make up for it in the life after that”. Thus we see that a philosophy based on such unsound foundations is incapable of keeping people from doing evil. Attachment to the life of this world is a weakness most people have. This attachment is the main reason why they come to accept a belief such as reincarnation – they absolutely refuse to give up their attachment to the earthly life. It is only by understanding the true nature of the life of this world that we can bring about radical changes in our behaviour and live in an ethical way.

Anyone who knows the real nature of the life of this world knows that we are created in order to serve our Lord, Allah, He Who created us and the whole universe and Who protects and cares for us. We also know that we are responsible to Allah for everything we do, say or think; we know that after death we will give account to Him. The Qur’an tells us how we were created in order to serve Allah as His servants in the following verses:

Mankind! Worship your Lord, Who created you and those before you, so that hopefully you may do your duty. [Surat al-Baqara: 21]

That is Allah, your Lord. There is no god but Him, the Creator of everything. So worship Him. He is responsible for everything. [Surat al-An’am: 102]

Those who confess Allah’s power, the faithful who fear Allah’s wrath, serve only Allah and obey His Will unconditionally; they avoid doing evil and perform actions that will be pleasing to Him. In the following verses, the Qur’an describes how the faithful fear Allah and what a wonderful reward they receive as a result:

Mankind! Heed your Lord and fear a day when no father will be able to atone for his son, or son for his father, in any way. Allah’s promise is true. So do not let the life of this world delude you and do not let the Deluder delude you concerning Allah. [Surah Luqman: 33]

Say, “Shall I tell you of something better than that? Those who so their duty will have Gardens with their Lord, with rivers flowing under them, remaining in them timelessly, for ever, and purified wives, and the Pleasure of Allah. Allah sees His servants…” [Surah Aal ‘Imran: 15]

The believers who fear Allah are determined to fulfill their duty to serve Him throughout their lives, and to pray and perform good actions in order to avoid eternal suffering. In several verses of the Qur’an, Allah urges us to be constant in our prayers, in serving Him, in performing good deeds and in good character:

Everything in the heavens and earth belongs to Him, and the religion belongs to Him, firmly and for ever. So why do you fear anyone other than Allah? [Surat an-Nahl: 52]

Wealth and sons are the embellishment of the life of this world. But, in your Lord’s sight, right actions which are lasting bring a better reward and are a better basis for hope. [Surat al-Kahf: 46]

Allah augments those who are guided by giving them greater guidance. In your Lord’s sight, right actions which are lasting are better both in reward and end result. [Surah Maryam: 76]

And (the believers) are constant in their prayers. [Surat al-Ma’arij: 23]

To sum up, the only way for us to achieve a real superiority of moral character and to avoid compromise, even where it seems to conflict with our interests, is to have strong love for Allah and strong devotion to Him, to fear Him and to serve Him as His servants. The idea of karma does advise people to adopt certain good qualities. However, although everyone may have good qualities of their own, they are limited in number, are not permanent and depend on certain conditions. In order for them to be permanent, we must in all circumstances have faith in Allah and do everything that we do only in order to obtain His grace; we must know Him, acknowledge Him and fear Him.

This world is a place where we are tested

In the Qur’an, we are told that we will have only one life in this world, and that the purpose of this life is to test us in preparation for our eternal life. That is to say, once we have experienced death there is no chance for us to return to this world and make up for the mistakes we have made. Allah tells us what the purpose of our life in this world is in this verse:

He Who created death and life to test which of you is best in action. He is the Almighty, the Ever-Forgiving. [Surat al-Mulk: 2]

For each one of us, this world is a place where we are tested by the events Allah makes happen to us, in order to see whether we will respond in a way that is pleasing to Him. In the Qur’an, Allah tells us that people will not be left to say, “We believe”, and then not tested. (Surat al-Ankabut: 2)

Nothing that happens to us throughout our lives is a coincidence. Every event in our lives down to the finest detail of our fate has been created by Allah as a means of testing us. For instance, the fact that someone is rich or famous does not mean that they are receiving the reward for good deeds they have done in their previous life (as the idea of karma maintains). Rather, Allah is testing them by means of wealth and fame. The important thing is whether or not they will become spoilt as a result of their good fortune, whether or not they will be ungrateful and whether or not they will thank Allah. Similarly, it is erroneous to believe that someone who is poor and has a difficult life is suffering the consequences of bad things done in their previous life. Allah is testing them by means of trouble and poverty. One possible reason for their having a life of this kind is that Allah is seeing whether they will continue to trust in Him in the face of difficulties, and whether they will show strength of character.

Anyone who knows that all the good things in the world are gifts from Allah, who gives thanks to Allah for them and who lives by the limits set by Allah, using these good things in a way that will be pleasing to Him as set out in the Qur’an and the Sunnah, may expect to be well rewarded in the life to come. However, anyone who regards Allah’s gifts as their own and forgets that they are gifts from Him, and who becomes spoilt and proud because of these gifts and departs from the correct path to do things that are prohibited, will meet with deserved punishment in the next world. In the afterlife, everyone will receive the just recompense for their belief, trust in and acceptance of Allah and His Messengers, or their rejection of Him and of them, and for the good and bad things they have done. Allah tells us in the following verse that everything we own and for which we are responsible is only to test us:

Know that your wealth and children are a trial and that there is an immense reward with Allah. [Surat al-Anfal: 28]

Some people are tested by means of worries and difficulties in this world. The degree of the difficulties to which we are subjected, and the form these take, are entirely in Allah’s hands. People who are tested in this way should in all circumstances have faith in Allah, think that every worry and difficulty will have a fortunate outcome for them, have patience and be content with what Allah sends to them. These things are expressed in the following words in the Qur’an:

We will test you with a certain amount of fear and hunger and loss of wealth and life and fruits. But give good news to the steadfast: Those who, when disaster strikes them, say, “We belong to Allah and to Him we will return”. Those are the people who will have blessings and mercy from their Lord; they are the ones who are guided. [Surat al-Baqara: 155-157]

You will be tested in your wealth and in yourselves and you will hear many abusive words from those given the Book before you and from those who are idolators. But if you are steadfast and guard against evil, that is the most resolute course to take. [Surah Aal ‘Imran: 186]

The life of this world is nothing but a game and a diversion. The hereafter is better for those who guard against evil. So will you not use your intellect? [Surat al-An’aam: 32]

Those who think about the real nature of our life in this world and understand them, and who live their lives in accordance with this knowledge, will enjoy great happiness and peace of mind in the next world, where their real life begins. This is what Allah promises to those who have faith in Him. And our Lord, Allah, the source of boundless blessings, He Whose kindness and mercy are infinite, never fails to fulfil His promises.

CONCEPTS OF FATE IN THE KARMA BELIEF SYSTEM

The karmic philosophy’s concept of destiny is a highly erroneous one. According to the concept of karma, a person’s destiny is in his own hands. This concept is described in the following words in the book Dinler Tarihi (A History of Religions):

Karma comprises the results of everything we have done of our own free will. Whatever is done brings unavoidable results for the doer. Everyone inherits karma of this kind. Other kinds of karma come after this. This is not determinism: everyone is free to do good or evil within the bounds of their own karma. One’s personal karma does not actually force one to do anything. According to the Buddhist viewpoint, it is our will, not our actions, that creates new karma. We will see the results of our karma in this life, or in our next incarnation, or in the incarnation after that.[7]

As we see from the above description, in the karmic philosophy there is no place for trust in one’s destiny. Instead, there is a belief in the false idea that people create their own fates. For instance, in karmic philosophy, the caste into which a person in India is born and the kind of life they have depend completely on what attitude they had in their previous life. In other words, it was we ourselves who, in our previous lives, determined the fate we would have in our present lives.

However, it is Allah Who, before we are born, decides a person’s destiny, Who prepares everything that happens to us, and Who determines what these events will be and what kind of life we will have. The Qur’an tells us that everything that happens to us is the will of Allah, and has been decided by Him before we experience it:

Nothing occurs, either in the earth or in yourselves,without its being in a Book before We make it happen. That is something easy for Allah. [Surat al-Hadid: 22]

The Qur’anic concept of Fate

The idea of fate implies that Allah creates all events, both past and future, in a single moment. This, in turn, means that from Allah’s point of view, everything that has happened since the universe was created and everything that will happen until the Last Judgement, has already been experienced and has now finished. Things that have not yet happened, and that are due to take place in what we call “the future”, have in fact already taken place in a single moment that included the whole of our past. Allah is separate from time and is in no way dependent on it; it is we who are dependent on time. Thus, in order for us to witness events created instantaneously by Allah, we need to experience the passage of time.

For example, time will be needed for us to read this book. We need time to turn each individual page. Allah, however, already knew every page of this book before it was written, even before the ancestors of the people who produced it were born; Allah has known this book since before time. By way of illustration, let us imagine someone walking along a road. This person needs time to walk to the far end of the road. However, if we were to look at an aerial photograph of the road and the person beginning to walk along it, we would be able to see both the person setting out on his journey and the far end of the road all at once. We would not need the passage of time in the same way as the walker.

It is essential to understand this. For although we think that it is we ourselves who do everything we do throughout our lives by means of our own free will, in fact we are only following the course set out for us by Allah. Our lives are like a film recorded on video. However, we cannot wind the tape on to see what happens at the end, whereas the whole of the film was known to Allah in a single instant. In any case, it is Allah Who has decided on and created every detail of this film. Just as we can see the whole of a ruler from end to end at one time, so can Allah see the period of time during which we are alive in its entirety, as if it were a single moment. We, on the other hand, cannot experience events until the time comes for us to do so; it is only then that we perceive the fate Allah has created for us.

Every moment in the life of every person who has ever lived and who will ever live in this world, from the time when they are a foetus in the womb until the day they die, has been predetermined by Allah and is already known to Him. No detail is too insignificant, be it a child’s first day at school or the hour in middle age in which his first white hair appears. This is the meaning of fate for everyone on earth.

Everything that has happened in the past and whatever will happen in the future is already a reality with Allah. The fact that all future events are lying in wait for us to experience them, illustrates an important point: everyone, whether they like it or not, has already submitted unconditionally to the destiny Allah has planned for them. Just as we cannot change our past, so we cannot change our future. This is because the future, just like the past, is already complete. Everything that is going to happen to us—when and where we will eat and what that food will be, who we will talk to, how much we will earn, what illnesses we will get, and when, where and how we will eventually die—all these things have already been decided on and cannot be altered as they already exist in Allah’s knowledge as completed events. All that remains is for us to acquire knowledge of them through our own experience.

In these circumstances, it is absolutely unnecessary for us to feel sorrow over the things that happen to us, to worry and to feel concerned or fearful because of them; neither is it wise for us to do so. Doing this would be like trying to influence the course of events in a film we are watching because we fear for the characters in it.

For instance, when a person has an accident on the way to a meeting or an interview that he thinks could change the course of his life and misses the meeting as a result, he may suddenly despair and see what has befallen him as a misfortune. He may even say to himself, “I wish I had left home a minute later, then none of this would have happened”. But all these complaints are in vain: everything—the exact second at which he will leave the house that day, the route he will take, the means of transport he will use to get there, which other vehicle will be involved in the accident and who will be in it—has already been decided on by Allah before he is born.

Allah has shaped the course of every event in our lives in such a way that it will have the best possible outcome for us if we have trust in Allah and show gratitude to Him. We may not always understand the reason for these events or the beneficial purpose for which Allah created them, or we may only come to understand these things subsequently. However, if we can come to know Allah, acknowledge His infinite power and submit to His will, we will be absolutely sure that every event that has been arranged by Him is what is best and most appropriate for us. There should be no doubt that everything that happens has been set up by Allah. Although we may experience occurrences in our lives as new, Allah has already created every event together with all of their minutest ramifications. Hence, He knows them with an infinitely greater clarity than our subsequent experience of them can ever bring us.

In conclusion, people who see the things that happen to them as misfortunes and who become angry, fearful and sorrowful as a result are only oppressing themselves, allowing themselves to be worn down by things they have no power to change and as a result they experience tension. Whereas if we realise that we are only following the course set out for us as our destiny, we feel relaxed and calm in this knowledge—because Allah creates our destinies, and Allah creates everything in such a way that it will have the best and most positive outcome for us if we are true to Him. Those who know and love Allah, and trust in His justice and mercy, experience endless joy in the knowledge that nothing can happen that has not been created by Him and willed by Him in His endless wisdom. The faithful believe that only good can come to them from Allah, as we are told in the following verse:

When those who guard against evil are asked, “What has your Lord sent down?” their reply is, “Good!” There is good in this world for those who do good, and the abode of the hereafter is even better. How wonderful is the abode of those who guard against evil. [Surat an-Nahl: 30]

And in the next verses, we are told of the reward that will be received after their lives on earth by those who believe that everything that comes to them from Allah has a good purpose:

Gardens which they enter, with rivers flowing under them, where they have whatever they desire. That is how Allah repays those who guard against evil: those the angels take in a virtuous state. They say, ”Peace be upon you! Enter the Garden for what you did”. (Surat an-Nahl: 31-32)

Taking Precautions does not alter our Destiny

Many people pretend not to understand the realities of the decree, saying to themselves: “If everything is decreed, we need not do anything about it”, and in this way they try to prove to themselves that it is impossible to believe in one’s destiny. This is a very shallow way of thinking. The reason people say this is that it is part of their destiny to do so, although they do not realise this. Allah has predetermined everyone’s fate; with Allah, everyone’s life has already been lived through right to the end.

Allah, however, as part of the test He has created for us in this life on Earth, has made it possible for us to experience everything we do as being done by our own will. For example, if someone is writing a book, the truth is that with Allah that book was already written and completed before the writer was born and it had already been read by those destined to read it. Even while the author is deciding what he is going to write, everything about the book—every line, the beginning of each paragraph, the headings, the colours and pictures used on the cover, the number of pages, the position of each punctuation mark and every other detail—is already present with Allah.

Let us suppose, however, that the author were to give up writing it, saying to himself, “Since this book has already been written, if it is fated that it should be so, I need not do anything at all”. This would not make sense since the “if” in his argument betrays the fact that he does not actually know at that point whether the book is destined to be completed or not. This would be as ignorant as hearing someone knock at the door and failing to get up and open it, thinking, “If the person outside is fated to come in, they will come in anyway”. Allah alone knows what is fated, we do not.

The truth of the matter is that everything we experience have been decreed by Allah as part of our destiny. In the following verses of the Qur’an, Allah tells us that it is He Who is the Doer:

You did not kill them; it was Allah Who killed them; and you did not throw, when you threw; it was Allah Who threw: so He might test the believers with this excellent trial from Him. Allah is All-Hearing, All-Knowing. [Surat al-Anfal: 17]

Allah created both you and what you do. [Surat as-Saffat: 96]

If one pretends not to understand these things as they are explained in the Qur’an, or if one pretends ignorance in order to “test” fate and refuses to open the door, or refuse to write the book, he is still experiencing something he was fated to live through. By the same token, if we fail to take the medicine we need to take when we are ill, saying to ourselves, “If I am fated to recover, I will recover”, and thus neglect our health, it is our destiny to act in this unintelligent way. Similarly, if we deny the existence of fate, it is because it is part of our fate to do so.

On the other hand, anyone who is intelligent and conscientious will know that what they are experiencing is part of Allah’s test for them, and that they are responsible for their actions even though the efforts they are making and the results they will obtain have already taken place and are already complete with Allah. In this connection the Qur’an gives the example of Ya’qub’s advice to his sons:

He said, “My sons! You must not enter through a single gate. Go in through different gates. But I cannot save you from Allah at all, for judgement comes from no one but Allah. In Him I put my trust, and let all those who put their trust, put it in Him alone”. [Surah Yusuf: 67]

As we see in this verse, Ya’qub advises his sons to take precautions for their safety, but immediately after this he says that taking these precautions will not prevent the destiny that Allah has willed from being fulfilled. Actually, Ya’qub’s words to his sons, his sons’ acting in accordance with his advice and everything that will happen to them as a result are nothing more than the unfolding in time of what is present with Allah beyond time.

In the next verse, it is explained to us that these precautions cannot change Allah’s will:

But when they entered as their father said, it did not save them from Allah at all, yet a need in Ya‘qub’s soul was satisfied. He had knowledge which We had taught him, but most of mankind simply do not know. [Surah Yusuf: 68]

This verse tells us that we have no power to prevent anything from happening that Allah sends us. All we can do is pray to Him and seek His blessing, so that He will use our precautions as a means of carrying out His will and bring us the best possible outcome.

To sum up, the difference between someone who has submitted to Allah and the destiny decreed by Him, and someone who is unable to perceive the reality of the situation is that the former is aware that whatever we do is the result of Allah’s will however much we may experience it as our own independent initiative; while on the other hand, the person who is not aware of this mistakenly believes that our actions originate in our own wisdom and our own abilities. In fact, “Allah’s command is a pre-ordained decree”. [Surat al-Ahzab: 38].

TRUE PEACE OF MIND AND CONTENTMENT

As we have already stated, one of the reasons why people feel interest in philosophies such as the idea of karma is their desire to escape from the worries in their lives, their lack of peace of mind and their unhappiness. Different people try various methods of their own in order to achieve this. However, in reality the only way to achieve true contentment and peace of mind is to surrender to Allah, respect the boundaries He has set up and seek His blessing in every moment of our lives. It is He Who created mankind out of nothing, Who brought us out of non-existence and gave us life, Who equipped us with infinite varieties of sustenance, Who is infinitely Merciful and Kind, Who returns good with good, protects and cares for us, and Who created everything justly for our ultimate good.

Allah is the sole Lord of every living and non-living being in the whole universe; He is the sole Creator and the sole Power in the universe. All powers, all armies, all people and all groups belong to Allah and have surrendered to Him, whether they acknowledge it or not. Allah tells us this in the following verse of the Qur’an:

Is it other than the religion of Allah that you desire, when everything in the heavens and earth, willingly or unwillingly, submits to Him and to Him you will be returned? [Surah Al ‘Imran: 83]

Anyone who surrenders to Allah, the sole Lord of the whole universe, and who accepts Allah as their only Friend and Guardian, bowing before Him in heartfelt love, obedience and awe, has found the only way to salvation, for Allah is the Supreme Power. We are told of Allah’s greatness and His exaltedness in the following verse:

Allah, there is no god but Him, the Living, the Self-Sustaining. He is not subject to drowsiness or sleep. Everything in the heavens and the earth belongs to Him. Who can intercede with Him except by His permission? He knows what is before them and what is behind them but they cannot grasp any of His knowledge save what He wills. His Footstool encompasses the heavens and the earth and their preservation does not tire Him. He is the Most High, the Magnificent. [Surat al-Baqarah: 255]

Following this verse of the Qur’an, in which we are told of Allah’s greatness and His exaltedness, we are told that if we turn away from false gods and towards Him, we will have taken hold, as it were, of a firm handhold to Him that cannot be removed as long as we cling to it:

There is no compulsion where the religion is concerned. Right guidance has become clearly distinct from error. Anyone who rejects false gods and believes in Allah has grasped the Firmest Handhold, which will never give way. Allah is All-Hearing, All-Knowing. Allah is the Protector of those who believe. He brings them out of the darkness into the light. But those who disbelieve have false gods as protectors. They take them from the light into the darkness. Those are the Companions of the Fire remaining in it timelessly, for ever. [Surat al-Baqara: 256-257]

Because they do not realise this, many people mistakenly seek the support and the guardianship of beings who are in fact powerless to achieve anything and are just as impotent as they themselves are. Doing this causes such people to live their lives in fear and insecurity.

For instance, let us take the case of a person with a legal problem. This person will hire a lawyer to defend him. He will trust the lawyer because he knows the legal system much better than he himself does. As long as he continues to trust in the lawyer’s abilities and feel confidence in him, he will feel relaxed and confident about everything to do with the lawsuit. But if he does not entrust his business to a lawyer in spite of the fact that he himself has no knowledge of legal matters, and take the entire responsibility upon himself, he will meet with many unnecessary worries and difficulties. Or let us consider the case of a person who is ill and who willingly entrusts himself to the care of his doctor, doing everything he says and following his advice. As long as he has confidence in the doctor’s professional abilities, he will not search for different medicines and different treatments for himself.

Both these examples show how we place confidence in other people and surrender ourselves to them because of their special abilities. Being able to rely on someone we trust gives us a welcome feeling of peace of mind and confidence. However, trusting in Allah and surrendering ourselves to Him is an incomparably greater and more significant matter than this.

If we surrender ourselves to Allah, we willingly accept everything He sends us throughout our lives—every event, every image, every conversation. No matter what happens, we never ask, “What’s going on?” When we have experienced difficulty, we never say, “If only this or that had not happened”, because we know that everything that happens to us has been sent to us by our Lord Allah, to Whom we have confidently surrendered ourselves and in Whose justice, kindness and mercy we have absolute faith. It is very important for us to surrender ourselves to Allah, as a means to salvation. The importance of this is explained in the following verses of the Qur’an:

If they argue with you, say, “I have submitted myself completely to Allah, and so have all who follow me”. Say to those given the Book and those who have no Book, ”Have you become Muslim?” If they become Muslim, they have been guided. If they turn away, you are only responsible for transmission. Allah sees His servants. [Surah Al Imran: 20]

Those who submit themselves completely to Allah and do good have grasped the Firmest Handhold. The end result of all affairs is with Allah. [Surah Luqman: 22]

Those who do not surrender themselves to Allah, trusting instead in their own wisdom and seeing themselves as separate, independent beings, often experience suffering and torment throughout their lives. Whenever they do not get what they want, they immediately begin to feel unhappy and despairing — whereas if they knew that everything Allah sends us is for a good purpose in terms of our ultimate fate, and told themselves that Allah knows things that they do not know, nothing would cause them sorrow or anxiety. For example, if someone is late in arriving at the place he is going to, or is unable to reach it at all, he may feel sorry about this for days. However, if he surrenders himself to Allah, he will know that not being able to get there must have had a good purpose and that Allah must have willed this for his own good and he will not feel worried in the slightest. There will be no sadness and fear for such people either in this world or the next, as these verses of the Qur’an tell us:

Those who say, “Our Lord is Allah”, and then go straight will feel no fear and will know no sorrow. Such people are the Companions of the Garden, remaining in it timelessly, for ever, as repayment for what they did. [Surat al-Ahqaf: 13-14]

Yes, the friends of Allah will feel no fear and will know no sorrow: those who believe and guard against evil, there is good news for them in the life of this world and in the hereafter. There is no changing the words of Allah. That is the great victory! [Surah Yunus: 62-64]

Allah allows those who do good to have a good life

Apart from His promise that we will have happiness and peace of mind if we surrender to Him and to the fate that He has determined for us, Allah also promises us that He will allow those who have faith and trust in Him and perform good actions to have a good life in this world:

Anyone who acts rightly, male or female, being a believer, We will give them a good life and We will recompense them according to the best of what they did. [Surat an-Nahl: 97]

… There is good in this world for those who do good, and the abode of the hereafter is even better. How wonderful is the abode of those who guard against evil… [Surat an-Nahl: 30]

There are many good things in this world. In order to have a good life, one thing we need is friends we can trust and with whom we can enjoy a relationship of mutual affection and real intimacy. Allah lends His support to His servants who have sincere faith in Him and who trust Him by giving them friends who are good Muslims like themselves — trustworthy, honourable people who are friends of Allah. That is why a Muslim is never lonely. One of Allah’s greatest gifts to the faithful is to ensure that they always have friends with them – fellow-Muslims whom they can trust, whom they love and respect and whom they hold in greater honour than they hold themselves.

One of the greatest difficulties for the ignorant—those who follow a code of ethics different from that outlined in the Qur’an—is not having anyone near them who can be a friend to them; they have no one on whose wisdom and sincerity they can rely, who will stand by them in all circumstances and who will give them support based on sincere affection rather than on any desire for personal advantage.

Friendships between people who do not follow the values set out in the Qur’an and exemplified in the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, always contain an element of conflict of interest. These people may not have anyone near them to support them if they find themselves in material or emotional difficulties. This never happens with friendships between Muslims. Muslims have such high standards that they will give priority to meeting the needs of other people even when they themselves are in need. Allah describes these qualities of the believers in the following verse:

Those who were already settled in the abode, and in belief, before they (the emigrants) came, love those who have emigrated to them and do not find in their hearts any need for what they have been given and prefer them to themselves even if they themselves are needy. It is the people who are safe-guarded from the avarice of their own selves who are successful. [Surat al-Hashr: 9]

A good Muslim does not enjoy being in the company of those who do not call on the name of Allah, who rebel against destiny and who have a liking for idle talk. That is why Allah ensures that Muslims provide support for each other. The faithful constantly call on the name of Allah, speak enthusiastically of the beautiful things He has created and give thanks for His gifts. Everything they say has a reason and a purpose; in everything they say there is joy, wisdom and beauty, and strength, truth and majesty. Their words never cause distress, pessimism or despair and never lead people to give up hope that a solution will be found; their words are always hope-giving, like an announcement of good news, bringing enlightenment to those who listen and opening up new horizons for them; their words provide endless food for thought and create a feeling of spaciousness and relaxation in the listener. No one offends anyone else, no one says hurtful things and no one speaks with envy or derision; instead, there is real friendship, joy and affection, as there is the honesty of speaking the truth, and real and genuine counsel in the affairs of this life and the path to the next.

Another characteristic of a good life is that it is lived in clean, healthy and comfortable surroundings. Muslims always choose the cleanest and most healthy alternative. The conditions in which the ignorant live, however, are generally dirty, disorderly and depressing. Such people prefer out-of-the-way places that are dark and smoky, even for recreation—although the soul of man was created in such a way as to be able to feel pleasure in the cleanness and beauty of Heaven.

Allah may also give Muslims comfortable living conditions and material abundance in this world. As we are told in the Qur’an, some prophets such as Muhammad, Sulayman, Yusuf and Ibrahim, peace be upon all of them, were people to whom abundance and material wealth were given. For example, Allah tells us that He has made Muhammad, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, rich, saying to him: “Did He not find you impoverished and enrich you?” [Surat ad-Duha: 8]. However, our Prophet was generous and gave everything away to others and always preferred others, so that often he was left without a single dinar or dirham, simply because of his generosity and reliance upon Allah. Also, Allah gave Yusuf control over the treasuries of Egypt. And when Sulayman prayed to Allah to give him a kingdom greater than anyone else could possess, Allah granted his prayer.

In the following verse of the Qur’an, Allah tells Muslims that through His munificence He will make them rich. In this case, Allah mentions that if people are too poor to marry, yet they ought to marry and then He will enrich them:

If you are poor, Allah will enrich them from His bounty. Allah is All-Encompassing, All-Knowing. [Surat an-Nur: 32]

Allah may make some of the faithful rich, and if He does, it is through His grace and favour, but the faithful never pursue the material benefits of this world as an end in itself. Their only desire is to obtain Allah’s grace and mercy, and to gain the Garden that Allah has beautified with an infinite number of good things. Thus they use the blessings and the wealth Allah has given them in the best possible way, in order to obtain His blessing. They are not wasteful. They protect those in need and enable them to enjoy the good things Allah has made available. They also use everything they own in the best possible way as a means of causing the teachings outlined in the Qur’an to become more widely known and practised.

Unlike the faithful, those who deny Allah often have a life of never-ending distress and suffering. Even though they may be rich and have all the wordly goods they could ask for, Allah gives such people heaviness of heart:

When Allah desires to guide someone, He expands his breast to Islam. When He desires to misguide someone, He makes his breast narrow and constricted as if he were climbing up into the sky. That is how Allah defiles those who disbelieve. [Surat al-An’am: 125]

In another verse, Allah tells us that those who obey Him will be happy, whereas those who do not will have a life of worry and care:

But if anyone turns away from My reminder, his life will be a dark and narrow one and on the Day of Rising We will gather him blind. [Surah Ta Ha: 124]

The only way for us to have a good life both in this world and the next is to love Allah, to fear Him, to obtain His friendship and to respect the rules and limitations set out in the Qur’an. Superstitious beliefs, such as the corrupted idea of karma, that do not originate in the Qur’an cannot provide any real solution to our need for happiness and our desire to live a good life. Allah tells us that it is He Himself Who rescues us from distress in the following words:

Say: “Allah rescues you from it, and from every plight. Then you associate others with Him”. [Surat al-An’am: 64]

ALLAH IS THE SOURCE OF REAL JUSTICE

In Indian religions, it is believed that karma is a law of cause and effect, and that it is this law that causes people to receive the reward of their actions. There is no belief in a Creator who has made this law and enforces it, however; the law of karma is claimed to function by itself. For instance, it is believed that if one performs wholesome actions such as donating money to charitable organizations, one will experience happiness.[8] However, there can of course be no metaphysical law of this kind without some power or some will that causes things to be so.

One of the most logically unacceptable aspects of concept of karma is that it asks us to believe that moral values can exist without anyone to apply them. Even the laws made by man have authorities and institutions to enforce them. For instance, the penalty for theft is set out in every country’s laws. However, these laws never function by themselves; there are always authorities, institutions and officials to enforce them. When someone commits theft, the laws do not go into motion to put the thief in prison of their own accord. In order to do this, the process of law is carried out by police officers, judges, public prosecutors and courts of law. Judges pronounce judgement according to the laws and the criminal is punished for what he has done.

To say that karma is a law that works by itself would be even more illogical than to claim that the laws of a country function of their own accord, with no-one to enforce them. Imagine that the billions of people who have so far lived on this earth are to be given another life in which they will receive the just reward for whatever they have done. In that case, who will observe how they behave while on earth? Who will decide whether they are good or bad? And who will decide on and arrange their next life in accordance with what they have done in this? If the life we have in our next incarnation depends on what we do in our present life, there must be some power that determines and plans our fate. In karmic philosophy, however, there is no power of this kind. According to this vague and irrational belief, all of this happens by itself. Moreover, it is also believed that this so-called “law of karma”treats people justly and gives them the full and exact reward for their actions without overlooking anything or making mistakes, although this “law” has in fact no power to make decisions or judgements. These are highly superstitious claims that any intelligent person will, if they give the matter any thought, immediately understand to be illogical.

Some people who believe in karma claim that the “law of karma” functions in accordance with the will of God—in other words, that it is God Who decides whether we have good or bad karma in this life, and Who prepares the conditions under which we will live in our next life. There is,however, an important fact that such people have overlooked: there is no mention of the idea of karma in the true religion as chosen for mankind by Allah and as communicated to us by means of the Qur’an. As this book has already stated, the idea of karma is a superstitious belief that is not mentioned in the Qur’an and that has many aspects which conflict with the beliefs of Islam. Therefore, those who believe in the existence of Allah should not waste their time investigating it; instead, they should embrace the Qur’an and the clear Sunnah of Muhammad, may Allah bless him and grant him peace.

It is Allah Who rewards good actions and Who is the source of infinite justice

Everyone who believes in Allah and who listens to the voice of his or her intellect and conscience knows that Allah, not karma, is the source of justice, and He pays us back in full for whatever we have done during our life on earth, and sees everything unceasingly, knows our inmost secrets and is the All Powerful, Supreme Lord of the whole universe. Allah tells us that He Himself gives us the full and complete reward of every good or bad action in several verses of the Qur’an:

Those who produce a good action will receive ten like it. But those who produce a bad action will only be repaid with its equivalent and they will not be wronged. [Surat al-An’am: 160]

And be steadfast. Allah does not let the wage of good-doers go to waste. [Surah Hud: 115]

… As for those who fear Allah and are steadfast, Allah does not allow to go to waste the wage of any people who do good. [Surah Yusuf: 90]

Both in this world and in the afterlife, Allah rewards every one of us for our actions in the most just way. For instance, He tells us that those who disbelieve and who enter into conflict with those who are good and cause difficulties for them will be punished by Him both in this world and in the afterlife. Allah, in His infinite justice, punishes disbelieving evildoers, destroys the traps they set for the good, causes difficulties for them and makes them live a difficult and distressing life. However, in this life He protects the good who have belief in Him and who trust Him and keeps them from evil; He makes difficult things easy for them and promises them a good life. Allah tells us of these things in the following verses of the Qur’an:

Allah calls to the Abode of Peace and He guides whom He wills to a straight path. Those who do good will have the best and more! Neither dust nor debasement will darken their faces. They are the Companions of the Garden, remaining in it timelessly, for ever. [Surah Yunus: 25-26]

Anyone who acts rightly, male or female, being a believer, We will give them a good life and We will recompense them according to the best of what they did. [Surat al-Nahl: 97]

As for him who gives out and guards against evil and confirms the Good, We will pave his way to Ease. But as for him who is stingy and self-satisfied, and denies the Good, We will pave his way to Difficulty. [Surat al-Layl: 5-10]

Allah’s infinite justice will manifest itself on the Day of Judgement

It is on the Day of Judgement that everything done by both the good and the wicked throughout their lives on earth will be given its full and exact reward.

According to concept of karma, it is in our next incarnation that we will receive the reward of our actions. For instance, those who do evil will be reborn in their next life as a plant, or perhaps as a slave. Those who do good and help others will be rich or of high standing in their next life. However, as has already been pointed out, this is not a complete reward for good and evil actions; neither is it true that we come to this world many times. We come to this world only once; after this, our real life—the life in the afterlife, which will go on forever—begins.

When we die, we will rise again on the Day of Judgement and be brought to account for our doings on earth. While this process of giving account is going on, everything we did, said and thought throughout our lives will be brought before us, and nothing will be left out of the account that is placed in our hands. We are told about the shock that unbelievers will get when their account is placed before them on that day in the following verse:

The Book will be set in place and you will see the evildoers fearful of what is in it. They will say, “Alas for us! What is this Book which does not pass over any action, small or great, without recording it?” They will find there everything they did and your Lord will not wrong anyone at all. [Surat al-Kahf: 49]

On the Day of Judgement, when we will be called to account for everything we have done during our lives on earth, we will all be given our just reward, and no one will be done even the slightest injustice:

We will set up the Just Balance on the Day of Rising and no self will be wronged in any way. Even if it is no more than the weight of a grain of mustard-seed, We will produce it. We are sufficient as a Reckoner. [Surat al-anbiya: 47]

The good will receive their reward in the Garden, while the wicked will receive their punishment in the Fire

When people are resurrected after their deaths, and after they have been called to account by Allah’s justice, they will be sent to their real home—the Garden or the Fire—where they will remain for ever. The Garden and the Fire are divided into different ranks so that we can all be given what is due to us:

As for those who come to their Lord as evildoers, they will have Hell where they will neither die nor stay alive. But as for those who come to Him as believers, having done right actions, they will have the highest ranks: Gardens of Eden with rivers flowing under them, remaining in them timelessly, for ever. That is the reward of those who purify themselves. [Surah Ta Ha: 74-76]

Those are people of whom the statement about the nations, both of jinn and men, who passed away before them, has also proved true; truly they were the lost. Everyone will be ranked according to what they did. We will pay them in full for their actions and they will not be wronged. On the Day when those who disbelieved are exposed to the Fire:

“You dissipated the good things you had in your worldly life and enjoyed yourself in it. So today you are being repaid with the punishment of humiliation for being arrogant in the earth without any right and for being deviators”. [Surat al-Ahqaf: 18-20]

Only Allah is capable of giving to everyone the exact reward for everything they have done without anyone being wronged even slightly. Allah sees and knows everything; Allah is Forgiving and Merciful, forgets nothing, is never mistaken and is Supremely Just.

Allah knows, sees and hears everything

Allah is aware of everything that happens on earth—every single falling leaf and every private thought people have. This is what Allah says in one of the verses of the Qur’an:

The keys of the Unseen are in His possession. No one knows them but Him. He knows everything in the land and sea. No leaf falls without His knowing it. There is no seed in the darkness of the earth, and nothing moist or dry which is not in a Clear Book. [Surat al-An’am: 59]

For instance, two people having a secret conversation may think that only they themselves know about it; however, Allah is also with them while they are talking. Allah hears and is aware of their secret conversation and of everything they whisper to each other. Those who are not mindful of Allah’s presence think that these secret talks in which they plan evil deeds will remain secret and never be found out, so they will never be punished for their plans. However, Allah sees and hears them, all the time:

Do they not know that Allah knows their secrets and their private talk, and that Allah is the Knower of all unseen things? [Surat at-Tawba: 78]

When Allah, Who knows and sees everything, gives people the reward of their actions on the Day of Judgement, He will reveal the actions and thoughts that they imagined would remain secret. Allah knows everything, even that which is most secret, as He tells us in the Qur’an in the following words:

Everything in the heavens and everything on the earth and everything in between them and everything under the ground belongs to Him. Though you speak out loud, He knows your secrets and what is even more concealed. [Surah Ta Ha: 6-7]

On the Day of Judgement, everything will be revealed; nothing can be kept secret from Allah, and Allah will give everyone the just reward of their actions, as we are told in the following verse:

He is the Raiser of ranks, the Possessor of the Throne, He sends the Spirit by His command to whichever of His servants He wills so that he may warn mankind about the Day of Meeting: the Day when they will issue forth and when not one thing about them will be hidden from Allah.”To whom does the kingdom belong today? To Allah, the One, the Conqueror! Every self will be repaid today for what it earned. Today there will be no injustice. Allah is swift at reckoning”. [Surat al-Mu’min: 15-17]

In order for a just judgement to be given about someone or something, every visible and invisible detail must be known. For example, the intentions we had in doing something must be known, and what we were thinking and doing at times and in places where no one could see us must also be known; judgement must be given according to this information. Only Allah knows everything and sees what is unseen. That is why only Allah can pronounce judgement on people with absolute justice. In the following verse, we are told that Allah is the All-Knowing—He is aware of the inner nature of everything and of all hidden aspects of affairs:

You who believe! Observe your duty to Allah and let each self look to what it has sent forward for tomorrow. Observe your duty to Allah. Allah is aware of what you do. [Surat al-Hashr: 18]

It is obvious that the concept of karma is simply an idea, a human invention devoid of intelligence or power, i.e. it is devoid of conscious awareness and does not possess attributes which belong to Allah alone, such as “knowing all secrets and what is even more concealed” and “hearing all private conversations”. We cannot expect a concept of this kind to possess any power or will of its own. It would be extremely illogical to deny that this is so. It would be like saying that someone could invent a concept of their own and then claim that this concept would administer justice among people and stop all the wars in the world; it would be like claiming that everyone who repeated this idea to themselves every day would become rich. Such a claim would be no more than superstition, entirely lacking in substance. In order for there to be justice in a place, there must be a will that enforces justice. Karma is only a word, an idea. If we give the matter only a little thought, we will see how irrational and illogical the concept of karma is.

Allah forgets nothing and is never mistaken

When Allah judges between people, He evaluates everything that happens and everything that is said. The judgement He gives is the most correct one, and the one that is most beneficial. After all, it is He Who created every thing. Some people of shallow opinions, however, cannot conceive how He can know and remember everything.

One example of such people given in the Qur’an is that of the Pharaoh who lived at the time of Musa. When Musa, peace be upon him, said that Allah shows everyone the right way, Pharaoh asked what, in that case, would happen to the people who lived on earth in the earliest times, thus showing great ignorance:

He (Musa),said, “Our Lord is He who gives each thing its created form and then guides it”. He (Pharaoh) said, “What about the previous generations?” He said, “Knowledge of them is with my Lord in a Book. My Lord does not misplace nor does He forget”. [Surah Ta Ha: 50-52]

Like His infinite justice, Allah’s freedom from all confusion and the fact that He forgets nothing is an attribute of His divine essence. For instance, because men are weak and forgetful creatures, they may forget the good or evil done them by a friend, or they may remember the details incorrectly, or only partially. This usually has a negative effect on their ability to think justly and make correct decisions. Allah, however, is the All-Preserver (Al-Hafiz). In other words, He preserves all things in detail. He is the One Whose Knowledge encompasses all that He brought into existence. For example, everything about someone who is on their first day at primary school—everything they say, the way they walk and every feature of their behaviour—all these things are present in the knowledge of Allah in all their freshness, exactly as they happened on that day. And everything about a farmer who lived in the time of Ibrahim, peace be upon him, on the day he first sowed seed in his field is also present in the knowledge of Allah. On the Day of Judgement, all these details will be observable, with all the immediacy they had on the day they actually happened, just as if they were happening in the present.

In short, Allah forgets nothing; everything is constantly present to the awareness of our Lord, Allah. That is why Allah can give each one of us the exact reward of all our actions. It is mere superstition to expect that an imaginary concept like karma could administer justice among people; it is irrational and illogical.

Allah is Most Merciful and Forgiving

We are told in several verses of the Qur’an that Allah is Merciful, Kind and Forgiving to His servants:

Do you not see that Allah has made everything on the earth subservient to you and the ships running upon the sea by His command? He holds back the heaven, preventing it from falling to the earth—except by His permission. Allah is All-Compassionate to mankind, Most Merciful. [Surat al-Hajj: 65]

Truly your Lord is the Almighty, the Most Merciful. [Surat ash-Shu’ara: 9]

Anyone who does evil or wrongs himself and then asks Allah’s forgiveness will find Allah Ever-Forgiving, Most Merciful. [Surat an-Nisa: 110]

Allah, Who is infinitely Merciful, forgives His servants’ wrong actions if they repent and mend their ways. He turns their evil actions into good deeds; throughout their lives on earth, He gives them opportunities to reform themselves. In the Qur’an He tells us that if He were to punish us all for our wrong actions immediately, there would be no living thing left on earth. However, Allah tests His servants by means of the time He grants them, and gives them countless opportunities to obtain His grace and mercy, and to attain the Garden. In this verse, He describes how He gives us a set period of time to achieve these things:

If Allah were to punish people for their wrong actions, not a single creature would be left upon the earth, but He defers them till a predetermined time. When their specified time arrives, they cannot delay it for a single hour nor can they bring it forward. [Surat al-Nahl: 61]

Those who have faith in Allah and trust in Him, who know that Allah is infinitely Just and Merciful and submit to Him, experience peace of mind and inner certainty in the afterlife, secure in the knowledge that they will receive the exact reward of their actions on Earth, and that no injustice whatsoever will be done them.

However, those who choose as their guide a law, a rule or a myth such as the idea of karma that has no place in the religion of truth, are making a serious mistake. They are overlooking the fact that no imaginary law that any powerless being or person, who themselves are created and who are incapable of creating anything, have invented and given a name, can be of the slightest use to them either in this world or the next. Such people are ignoring the fact that all these concepts are “false gods” that cannot administer justice to men and have no power to raise people to life again after their deaths or determine what lives they will live in the first place. Such people should know that Allah is the sole Creator of mankind, and that only He has the power to judge and to understand the hidden reasons for things. This is what Allah says in the Qur’an:

“Am I to desire someone other than Allah as a judge when it is He who has sent down the Book to you clarifying everything?” Those We have given the Book know it has been sent down from your Lord with truth, so on no account be among the doubters. [Surat al-An’am: 114]

THE QUR’AN: ALLAH’S MOST RECENT REVELATION

As we have already stated, many people seek love, peace, inner certainty, friendship, mercy and kindness—things which only Allah can give them—in things other than Allah, such as idea of karma. These beliefs are, however, founded on superstition and error. It is only Allah, our Creator, Who understands our inner nature and knows how we can be made happy and contented. Therefore, the best and most correct way for us to follow is the way shown to us by Allah Himself. Allah has described the right way and the right religion for us in the Qur’an, His most recent revelation. This is what Allah says about the Qur’an:

That is the Book, without any doubt. It contains guidance for those who guard against evil. [Surat al-Baqarah: 2]

Allah revealed the Qu’ran to the Prophet Muhammad, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, in order to make Himself known to us, to tell us the purpose for which mankind, life in this world and death were created, to tell us of the existence of the afterlife, the end of the world and of the Day of Judgement, and to tell us many essential pieces of knowledge—such as which good qualities of character please Him. Allah revealed Himself to other prophets before He revealed the Qur’an, but all the previous divinely-revealed books have, in time, become partially corrupted. The Qur’an, however, is the most recent divine revelation and has never been corrupted. Allah tells us that the Qur’an will be protected, and will not suffer corruption, in the following verse:

It is We Who have sent down the Reminder and We Who will preserve it. [Surat al-Hijr: 9]

The faithful are absolutely confident in the knowledge that the Qur’an is the very word of Allah and is the only guide for mankind. There is a great deal of evidence for this. For instance, the inimitable style in which it is written and the hidden meanings it contains are clear evidence that it comes from Allah. Moreover, there are many miracles in the Qur’an. For example, the Qur’an tells us some scientific facts that were not known at the time when it was revealed, around 1400 years ago, but were only “discovered” in the twentieth century.

Apart from these scientific facts, the Qur’an also contains information about future events. Many more miracles of the Qur’an took place when these events actually occurred during the course of history.

Another of the outstanding features of the Qur’an is the fact that it is entirely free from inconsistency. Throughout history, enemies of Islam have approached the Qur’an with prejudiced minds, and have spent great efforts in order to find something that was, according to their own shallow logic, inconsistent. But the Qur’an, being the word of Allah, does not contain any inconsistency whatsoever. Allah tells us of this characteristic of the Qur’an in the following verse:

Will they not ponder the Qur’an? If it had been from other than Allah, they would have found many inconsistencies in it. [Surat an-Nisa: 82]

The Qur’an is a guide that helps us to distinguish truth from falsehood

There are many ideas, philosophies and beliefs current in the world. Several of these are based on superstitious and dangerous beliefs, ideas and practices, though they also have some positive features. The concept of karma, for instance, contains several erroneous and superstitious elements. It is true that there are some things about it that might encourage people to live a morally good life. However, the only way to distinguish what is truly good from what is truly evil is to consult the Qu’ran and the Sunnah of the Messenger, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, which Allah sent to us as our only guide. During the course of this book, we have described some of the characteristics of the idea of karma, and have explained why various aspects of this idea are true or false. In doing this, our only criterion and source of reference has been the verses of the Qur’an. For instance, when criticising the belief in reincarnation which forms part of karmic philosophy, we were guided by the verses of the Qur’an. The reason for this is that all sources apart from Allah’s Book and the Sunnah of Muhammad, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, are products of human thought, so they cannot be absolutely reliable. The only absolutely reliable source is Allah’s own Book and His Messenger’s Sunnah. Those who delude themselves that they can live their lives according to any other book or source cannot avoid error.

Allah tells us of the Quran’s ability to distinguish truth from falsehood in the following verse:

… and He has sent down the Furqan (The standard by which to discern the true from the false). Those who reject Allah’s Signs will have a terrible punishment. Allah is Almighty, Exactor of Revenge. [Surah Al ‘Imran: 4]

The Qur’an is the only Book that shows mankind the way to liberation, that gives us warnings about our eternal life after death, that indicates the right road and that is capable of being a guide for those who want to obtain Allah’s grace and mercy, and to reach Allah’s Garden. And the religion of Islam, as communicated to us in the Qur’an, is the sole religion chosen by Allah for mankind in this age. Allah tells us about this in the following verse:

If anyone desires anything other than Islam as a religion, it will not be accepted from him, and in the hereafter he will be among the losers. [Surah Al ‘Imran: 85]

CONCLUSION

In several eastern religions, as in the concept of karma and other beliefs of this kind, there are obviously some features borrowed or inherited from the true religions of the very ancient peoples. However, in the course of time, these beliefs have become corrupted owing to the addition of elements of superstition and myth handed down from generation to generation. While they may appeal to people to adopt positive moral qualities and to live in peace, they also contain many irrational elements such as the worship of cows, greeting them as if they were people, and regarding mice and monkeys as sacred. That is why everyone who wishes to bring positive qualities such as peace, love, friendship and inner contentment into their lives, and who sincerely wishes to ensure that these qualities become more widespread among mankind in general, should look to Allah and to the Qur’an, the book that Allah revealed to us and chose for us as our guide. It is only in the Qur’an that we will find the solution to every problem that causes us worry and that we wish to set right. Allah has created every one of us in such a way that we will find happiness and peace of mind if we follow the religion He Himself chose for us:

So set your face firmly towards the religion, as a pure natural believer, Allah’s natural pattern on which He made mankind. There is no changing Allah’s creation. That is the true religion— but most people do not know it. [Surat ar-Rum: 30]

NOTES

1- Editor’s note: Nevertheless, Allah tells us: “Do not curse those they call upon besides Allah, in case that makes them curse Allah in animosity, without knowledge.” (Surat al-An’am: 109) So even if people have terrible superstitions, it behoves us to speak courteously so that they do not becomes enemies of Islam because of our behaviour. This is the guidance of the Qur’an.

2- Prof. Dr. Gunay Tumer, Prof. Dr. Abdurrahman Kucuk, Dinler Tarihi (The History of Religions), Ocak Publishing, Ankara 1993, pp. 91-92 

3- Buyuk Dinler ve Mezhepler Ansiklopedisi (Big Religions and Sects Encyclopedia), 1964, Istanbul, p. 52

4- Dr. Ali Ihsan Yitik, Hint Kokenli Dinlerde Karma Inancının Tenasuh Inancıyla Iliskisi (The Relation of the Idea of Karma in Indian Religions with the Idea of Reincarnation) , pp. 130-131
 
5- Editor’s note: This is only true, however, as we mention, for those of the believers whom Allah punishes for major wrong actions short of associating partners with Allah by admitting them to the Fire. The disbelievers who reject Allah and His signs and His Messengers will stay in the Fire forever as a result of their actions. 

6- Editor’s note: This verse was revealed about the Jews claiming that the Fire would only touch them for a number of days, but this was false in their case because the wrong action for which they thought they would be forgiven was their rejection of Allah’s signs and His Messengers including their murdering some of the Messengers and Prophets, and finally their rejection of ‘Isa, peace be upon him, and Muhammad, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. For such open disbelief there is no emerging from the Fire, unless the person turns to Allah in tawbah before his death. As for believers who do major wrong actions, Allah will either forgive them totally or He may punish them for a period of time in the Fire and then bring them out of the Fire to the Garden by His mercy and by the intercession of His Messenger, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and the intercession of the right-acting among the Muslims.

7- Prof. Dr. Gunay Tumer, Prof. Dr. Abdurrahman Kucuk, Dinler Tarihi (The History of Religions), Ocak Publishing, Ankara 1993, p. 163

8- http://hellfire.dusers.drexel.edu/~buddha/Buddhism/Concepts/Karma.htm

IS NON -VEGETARIAN FOOD PERMITTED OR PROHIBITED FOR A HUMAN BEING??   

The Question of consuming meat and non-vegetarian foods has been object of much criticism since past several centuries. Even today though quite a large number of Hindus along with Muslims and Christians consume meat, there are large numbers of people who prefer to be strictly vegetarian throughout their life. For some it is a religious injunction to abstain from non-vegetarian food. Whereas some make it a political issue saying “Garv se kaho hum shakahari hain!” (i.e. say proudly we are vegetarian). Those who insist on being pure vegetarian, feel that it is ruthless to kill the animals for feeding ourselves.

The topic of this article is “Is Non – Vegetarian food permitted or prohibited for a human being?” It is not “Is Vegetarian food better than Non-Vegetarian food?”  

If I prove that mango is a better fruit than the apple, it does not mean that apple is prohibited for a human being. 

Let us first understand the meanings of certain terms

DEFINITION OF ‘VEGETARIAN’

(a) The word ‘Vegetarian’ does not come from the word vegetable but from the Greek word “Vegetas” which means ‘Full of the Breath of Life’. It also means ‘whole, sound, fresh, lively’. On the basis of this root word alone, many food from animals’ flesh can also be included.

(b) Definition according to the Oxford Dictionary: The common understanding of the word ‘Vegetarian’ is defined in the Oxford Dictionary as a person who abstains from animal food.

CLASSIFICATION OF VEGETARIANS

Depending upon the type of food included in the diet, vegetarian diets can be classified broadly into three categories:

(a) Pure Vegetarian or 100 % Vegetarian: This diet does not include animal flesh or animal products.

They may be further classified into two types:

I. Fructarian: This diet is confined to fruits, nuts and certain vegetables, where harvesting allows the parent plant to flourish.

II. Vegan: This diet excludes the consumption of all foods of animal origin.

(b) Vegetarian diets which include certain animal products: Most of the vegetarians in the world including in India falls in this category. This maybe further classified into:-

I. Lacto-Vegetarian: This diet includes milk and dairy foods, but no animal flesh or egg.

II. Ovo-Vegetarian: Diets that include eggs but no milk, dairy food, or animal flesh.

Ill. Lacto-Ovo-Vegetarian:  Diets that include milk, dairy foods, and egg but no animal flesh.

(c) Vegetarians who have certain animal flesh:

I. pesco-Vegetarian: Diet which includes milk, dairy products, egg and fish but no other animal flesh.

II. Semi-Vegetarian: (also known as Demi-vegetarian / Quasi-Vegetarian): Diet includes milk, dairy products, eggs, fish and chicken but no other animal flesh.

Definition Of Non-Vegetarian:

Non-Vegetarian is a person who has food of animal origin. It does not mean a person who does not have vegetable or fruit.

Definition Of Omnivorous

A more appropriate and scientific terminology would be omnivorous, which means a person who has many kinds of food, especially of plant and animal origin.

Dr. William T. Jarvis’ Classification of a Vegetarian:

Dr. William T. Jarvis is the advisor to the American council on Science and Health (ACSH). He is a professor of public health and preventive medicine at Loma Linda University, and the Founder and President of National Council Against Health Fraud. He is also the Co-editor of “The Health Robbers: A Close look at Quackery in America.”

Dr. William T. Jarvis categorises vegetarians into two categories based on their behavioral standpoint:-

Pragmatic vegetarians and Ideological Vegetarians.

(a) Pragmatic Vegetarian

A pragmatic vegetarian is one whose dietary behavior stems from objective health consideration. He is rational rather than an emotional in his approach.

(b) Ideological Vegetarianism

An Ideological Vegetarian is one whose dietary behavior is a matter of principle based on an ideology. He is more emotional than rational.

According to Dr. William T. Jarvis: 
“One can spot ideological vegetarian by the exaggeration of the benefits of the vegetarianism, their lack of skepticism, and their failure to recognize (or their glossing over of) the potential risks even of extreme vegetarian diets. Ideologic Vegetarian makes a pretense of being scientific, but they approach the subject of vegetarianism more like lawyers than scientists. Promoters of vegetarianism gather data selectively and gear their arguments toward discrediting information that is contrary to their dogma. This approach to defending a position is suitable for a debate, but it cannot engender scientific understanding.”

 
Dr. William T. Jarvis further states, “Vegetarianism is riddled with delusional thinking from which even scientists and medical professionals are not immune”.

Reasons for Choice of Diet

A Human being chooses a particular type of diet due to considerations. Various reasons and considerations:

i.  Religious

ii.  Geographical Location

iii.  Personal choice e.g. taste, look, etc.

iv.  Humane Considerations

v.  Anatomical and physiological considerations

vi.  Behavioural considerations

vii. Ecological and Economical considerations

viii. Nutritional Value

RELIGIOUS

1. MAJORITY OF THE VEGETARIANS CHOOSE TO BE VEGETARIANS DUE TO RELIGION BELIEFS     

(a)  Most of the human beings, if not throughout the world then at least in India choose their food habit based on their religion.

(b) At the outset I want to make it amply clear, that while I will prove undoubtedly that Non-Vegetarian food is permitted for a human being, I have no intention of hurting any person’s religious sentiment. While I go about logically and scientifically proving that Non-Vegetarian food is permitted for a human being, if someone’s sentiments are hurt because he is an ideological vegetarian, I sincerely apologize for the same.

2.  FIRST OF ALL I WANT TO MAKE IT CLEAR WHAT ISLAM SAYS ON THIS ISSUE?

(a) EATING NON-VEG IS NOT COMPULSORY IN ISLAM

It is not compulsory in Islam for a Muslim to have non-vegetarian diet. A person can be a very good Muslim by being a pure vegetarian, but when Almighty God in the Glorious Qur’ān gives permission for human beings to have non-vegetarian food, then why should he not have’?

(b) ALL MAJOR RELIGIONS PERMIT NON-VEGETARIAN FOOD:

Most of the major religions of the world permit human beings to have non-vegetarian food.

HINDU SCRIPTURES ALLOW NON-VEGETARIAN FOOD

Some Hindus think that it is against their religion to have non-vegetarian food. But the fact is that the Hindu scriptures permit a person to have meat. The scripture mentions sages and saints having meat. Hindu scriptures clearly mention that there is nothing wrong in having meat.

It is mentioned in Manu Smruti, the law book of Hindus! In chapter 5 verse 30 “THE EATER WHO EATS THE FLESH OF THOSE TO BE EATEN DOES NOTHING BAD! EVEN IF HE DOES IT DAY AFTER DAY; FOR GOD HIMSELF CREATED SOME TO BE EATEN AND SOME TO BE EATER”

Again next verse of Manu Smruti that is; chapter 5 verse 31 says “EATING MEAT IS RIGHT FOR THE SACRIFICE, THIS IS TRADITIONALLY KNOWN AS A RULE OF THE GODS”

Further in Manu Smruti chapter 5 verse 39 and 40 says

“GOD HIMSELF CREATED SACRIFICIAL ANIMALS FOR SACRIFICE… THEREFORE KILLING IN A SACRIFICE IS NOT KILLING.”

Manu Smruti even narrates the supremacy of killing animals in sacrifice it is mentioned in chapter 5 verse 42

“A TWICE BORN (A BRAHMIN) WHO KNOWS THE TRUE MEANING OF VEDAS AND INJURES SACRIFICIAL ANIMALS FOR CORRECT PURPOSES CAUSE BOTH HIMSELF AND THE ANIMAL TO GO TO THE HIGHEST LEVEL OF EXISTENCE”.

Among the Hindu scriptures Vedas are considered as most ancient and most sacred. We find mentioning of non-vegetarian food in Vedas too it is mentioned in Rig-Veda book 10 Hymn 27 verse 2

“THEN WILL I, WHEN I LEAD MY FRIENDS TO BATTLE AGAINST THE RADIANT PERSONS OF GODLESS, PREPARE FOR THEE AT HOME A VIGOROUS BULLOCK, AND POUR FOR THEE THE FIFTEEN FOLD STRONG JUICES” 

Hindi translation of this verse is very interesting it says

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Again in Rig-Veda book 10 Hymn 28 verse 3 it says

“O INDRA, BULLS THEY DRESS FOR THEE, AND OF THESE (MEAT) THOU EATEST WHEN MAGHAVAN, WITH FOOD THOU ART INVITED”.

In Rig-Veda Book 10 Hymn 86 verse 13 says

“INDRA WILL EAT THY BULLS, THY DEAR OBLATION THAT EFFECTETH MUCH. SUPREME IS INDRA OVER ALL”

These verses indicates that Indra, a god of Vedic age, used to eat meat.Also another god of Vedic age, Agni, is referred to as “flesh-eater’ in Vedas. For example, in Rig-Veda bock 10 Hymn 16 verse 10 it is said

“I CHOOSE AS GOD FOR FATHER-WORSHIP AGNI,FLESH EATER, WHO HATH PAST WITHIN YOUR DWELLINGS”.

In Rig-Veda Vivah sukta book 10 Hymn 85 verse 13, it mentions that during marriage ceremony the guests were fed with the meat. it says

“IN MAGHA DAYS ARE OXEN SLAIN, IN ARJUNIS THEY WED THE BRIDE”

Atherva-Veda book 9 Hymn 4 verses 37-38-39 gives expression that cow’s milk and cow’s meat are most tasty among all other foods. It says

“THE MAN SHOULD NOT EAT BEFORE THE GUEST WHO IS BRAHMIN VERSED IN HOLY LORE WHEN THE GUEST HATH EATEN HE SHOULD EAT. NOW THE SWEETEST PORTION, THE PRODUCE OF COW, MILK OR FLESH, THAT VERILY HE SHOULD NOT EAT (before the guest)”

If you read Mahabharata Shanti Parva chapter 29, a story of greatness of a king called Rantideva is described It is said that he was very rich and generous, and used to feed thousands of guests. The paragraph reads as follows

“ALL THE VESSELS AND THE PLATES, IN RANTIDEVA’S PALACE, FOR HOLDING FOOD AND OTHER ARTICLES, ALL THE JUGS AND OTHER POTS, THE PAN AND PLATES AND CUPS, WERE OF GOLD. ON THOSE NIGHTS DURING WHICH THE GUESTS USED TO LIVE IN RANTIDEVA’S ABODE, TWENTY THOUSAND AND ONE HUNDRED KINE {COWS} HAD TO BE SLAUGHTERED. YET EVEN ON SUCH OCCASIONS, THE COOKS, DECKED IN EAR-RINGS, USED TO PROCLAIM (AMONGST THOSE THAT SAT FOR SUPPER) “THERE IS ABUNDANT OF SOUP, TAKE AS MUCH AS YOU WISH, BUT OF FLESH WE HAVE NOT AS MUCH TODAY AS ON FORMER OCCASIONS”

This shows that even after slaughtering 20,100 cows, meat used to fall short on some occasions.

Many more quotations can be given where non-vegetarian food is given preference compared to vegetarian food. For example,

Mahabharata Anushashan Parva chapter 88 narrates the discussion between

Dharmaraj Yudhishthira and Pitamah Bhishma about what food one should offer to Piths (ancestors) during the Shraddha (ceremony of dead) to keep them satisfied. Paragraph reads as follows

“Yudhishthira said, “O thou of great puissance, tell me what that object is which, if dedicated to the pitris (dead ancestors), become inexhaustible! What Havi, again, (if offered) lasts for all time? What, indeed, is that which (if presented) becomes eternal?”

“Bhisma said, Listen to me, O Yudhishthira, what those Havis are which persons conversant with the rituals of the Shraddha (the ceremony of dead) regard as suitable in view of Shraddha and what the fruits are that attach to each. With sesame seeds and rice and barley and Masha and water and roots and fruits, if given at Shraddhas, the pitris, 0 king, remain gratified for the period of a month. With FISHES offered at Shraddha, the pitris remain gratified for a period of two months. With the MUFLON they remain gratified for three months and with the HARE for four months, with the FLESH OF THE GOAT FOR FIVE MONTHS, with the BACON (MEAT OF PIG) for six months, and with the FLESH OF BIRDS for seven. With venison obtained from those DEER that are called Prishata, they remain gratified for eight months, and with that obtained form the Ruru for nine months, and with the meat of GAVAYA for ten months. With the meat of the BUFFALO their gratification lasts for eleven months. With BEEF presented at the Shraddha, their gratification, it is said, lasts for a full year. Payesa mixed with ghee is as much acceptable to the pitris as BEEF. With the MEAT OF VADHRINASA (A LARGE BULL) the gratification of pitris lasts for twelve yearsThe FLESH OF RHINOCEROS, offered to the pitris on anniversaries of the lunar days on which they died, becomes inexhaustible. The potherb called Kalaska, the petals of Kanchana flower, and MEAT OF (RED) GOAT also, thus offered, prove inexhaustible.

So but natural if you want to keep your ancestors satisfied forever, you should serve them the meat of red goat.

Same message is repeated in MANU SMRUTI CHAPTER 3 VERSES 266 TO 272.

In Shraddha (ceremony of dead) even Brahmin priests are expected to eat meat. Manu Smruti instructs Hindus to serve non-vegetarian food to priests i.e. Brahmins. It says in CHAPTER 3 VERSES 226 AND 227

“Purified and with a concentrated mind, he should put down on the ground before (THOSE PRIESTS) seasoned foods like soups and vegetables and also milk, yogurt, clarified butter, honey and various foods that are eaten and enjoyed, roots and fruits, TASTY MEATS, and fragrant water.

HINDU SCRIPTURES NOT ONLY ALLOW NON-VEGETARIAN FOOD BUT AT FEW PLACES IT MAKES IT COMPULSORY FOR HINDUS TO EAT NON-VEGETARIAN FOOD. IF ANYONE REFUSES NON VEGETARIAN FOOD, HE WILL HAVE TO FACE CONSEQUENCES ACCORDING HINDU SCRIPTURES,

IN VISHNU DHARMOTTAR PURAN BOOK 1 CHAPTER 140 VERSES 49 & 50 SAYS

“THOSE WHO DO NOT EAT MEAT SERVED IN THE CEREMONY OF DEAD (SHRADDHA), WILL GO TO HELL (NARAK)”.

And Manu Smruti mentions still stronger punishment. In Manu Smruti Chapter 5 verse 35 it says

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But WHEN A MAN WHO IS PROPERLY ENGAGED IN A RITUAL DOES NOT EAT MEAT, AFTER HIS DEATH HE WILL BECOME A SACRIFICIAL ANIMAL DURING TWENTY-ONE REBIRTHS”

“THE COW IN HINDUISM: MYTH AND REALITY”

With the supporting illustrations Extracted from various Hindu scriptures. In that article we tried our best to bring out what the Hindu scriptures ordain about beef eating. Relying on the facts we reached the conclusion that the Hindu religious books permitted the beef eating. Not only this, the beef was, if we believe in the Hindu scriptures, an inseparable part of Hindu religious rites from the birth to the death and event of the ‘Shraddha karma’.

If we go, back to the fifty years of India’s independence we come to know that there has been a long chain of agitations against cow slaughtering. A number of resolutions were passed against the slaughtering of cows and all-round efforts are being made to prove that in India the cow has always been venerable and not to be slaughtered. Therefore. Cow slaughtering is a heinous crime

But like facts are juxtaposite. There are a number of illustrations in ancient Sanskrit literature which prove that the cow was not only sacrificed in the yagyas but its beef was also served to the guests and Vedic scholars as a mark of their respect. Possibly this was why, the greatest propagator of Hinduism Swami Vivekananda said thus:

“YOU, WILL BE SURPRISED TO KNOW THAT ACCORDING TO ANCIENT HINDU RITES AND RITUALS, A MAN CANNOT BE A GOOD HINDU WHO DOES NOT EAT BEEF,’ (THE COMPLETE WORKS OF SWAMI VIVEKANAND, VOL-3, PAGE 536)

ON PAGE 174 OF THE ABOVE-MENTIONED BOOK THE SWAMI SAYS, “THERE WAS A TIME IN INDIA WHEN A BRAHMIN COULD NOT BE A BRAHMIN IF HE DID NOT EAT BEEF.”

There are a number of illustrations in the ancient Sanskrit literature, which suggest that the cow used to be sacrificed in the yagyas and its beef served to important guests and the Vedic scholars. In the Vedas, there is a detailed description of ‘Gomedh Yagya’, in which cow was sacrificed. Describing this yagya, an ancient and famous Sanskrit encyclopedia “shabdakalpdrum” says thus:

“YAJ VISHESHAH ATRA ESTRIGOPASHUH MANTRESHU  ESTRILINGPATHET TASYA LAKSHANAM – SATPASHLATWA – NAY SHAFATWA- BHAG SHRINGATWA – KANATWA – CHHINNKARNTWA- DIDASHRAHITYAM. TASYA PRAYOGAH SARVO APEE CHHAGPASHUAWAT. YAJMAMSYA SWARGAH FALAM GOSCHA GOLOKO PRAPTEE.”

“This is the special yagya. In this yagya, the cow is sacrificed. In this ‘mantra’ the word ‘go’ is used for cow, and not for ox or calf because the verse suggests the feminine gender the cow, worthy for sacrifice in this yagya, should have seven or nine hoofs. Its horns must be intact. It should be neither one-eyed, nor ear-cropt It should be treated like a goat. The performer of ‘Gomedh Yagya’ attains heaven and the cow scarified in this yagya goes to “Golok.”

This description of ‘Gomedh Yagya’ in ‘shabdakalpdrum’ leaves no room for the opposition of cow-slaughtering I want to remind the people behind the movement against cow-slaughtering that ‘shabdakalpdrum’ Sanskrit encyclopedia is published by Lal Bahadur Shastri Sanskrit Vidyapith, New Delhi and National Sanskrit Research Centre, New Delhi with the co­operation of Human Resources & Development Ministry, Government of India. Therefore, I request the people, who have called my article as confusing to go into the details of the facts and then decide the truthfulness of my contention on the issue. In the life of the followers of a religion, religious injunctions play very important role. If the Vedas and other Hindu religious books sanctify the beef eating. Where is the room for its opposition? Does the opposition of beef eating not show clumsiness? They must accept the truth they should go into the depth why the cow was made to be esteemed as mother, while the Vedas and other Hindu scriptures sanctify its sacrifice and beef eating. In fact, they must oppose that conspiracy, which made the Cow venerable. But unfortunately, it did not happen,

How the COW, HORSEGOAT and  OTHER ANIMALS should he sacrificed in a yagya is described in detail in the ETERIYA BRAHMIN:

“UDEECHINA ASYA PADO NIDHTTAT SURYA CHAKSHURGAMYATATT WATAM PRAMMANV VASRIJTAT ANTRIKSHAMASAM DISHAH SHROTRAM PRITHIVIM SHARIRMITYESHWAIWAIN TALOOKESHWADDHATI.

EKDHAASYA TWACHAMACHCHH YATTATAM PURANABHYA APISHASOMU WAPAMUTIKHADATA DANTREVOSHMANAM WARYDHADITI PASHUSHVEV TAT PRANANAM DADHOTI.

SHAYENMASYA VAKSHAH KRINUTAAT PRASANSHA BAHUSHALA DOSHNI KASHYEWANSACHICHHDRE SHRONI KAWSHORUSTEKPARUNADASHTHIWNA KSHARVINSHATIRUSYAWADD KRAYAFU ANUSTHYO CHAYAWYATAD GAATRAM GAATRAMASYA NUNE KRINUTADETYAMGAANYEWATYA TAD GAATRANI PREENAATI… UWADHYAGOHAN PARTHIWAM KHANTAD… ASNA RAKSHA SAMSRIJATADITYAH

-ETERIYA BRAHMIN  2/6/6

That is, ”Turn its feet towards north. Offer its eyes to the sun, its breath to the air, its life (pran) to the space, its hearing power to the directions and its body to the earth. In this way, the priest enjoins the animal to the ‘parlok’ (heaven)”

“Flay its whole hide in one piece. Pierce the membrane of its intestines before cutting its navel. In this way, the priest infuses breath into the animals”

“Now cut a piece from its chest in the shape of an eagle, two pieces from its arms in the shape of an axe, two pieces from its legs in the shape of paddy-ears, the intact part of its back, two pieces from its thighs in the shape of a shield, two pieces from its two knees in the shape of leaves and its 26 ribs. Its every part should be kept safe. Dig a pit to hide its dung. Offer its blood to the ghosts.”

The ETERIYA BRAHMIN further describes the procedure of distribution or its parts. Thus says the ETERIYA BRAHMIN:

“Now emerges the question of distribution of various parts of the sacrificed animal it should be distributed in the following way. Both the bones of its jaw should be given to the ‘PRASTOTA’  priest. The eagle shaped piece of its chest should be given to UDGATA’, its throat and palate to ‘PRATIHARTA’, the right part of its back to ‘HOTRI’, the left part to ‘Brahma’, its right thigh to ‘MAITRAVIRUN’ and its left thigh to ‘BRAHMANACHCHHANSI’, the adjoining part of its right shoulder to ‘ADHVARYU’ and the adjol fling part of its left shoulder should be given to the co-pronouncers (UPGATA) of the ‘mantras’. Its left shoulder should be given to ‘PRATIPRASTHATA’. The lower part of its right arm should be given to ‘NESHTA’ and the lower part of its left arm should be given to ‘POTA’.

“Similarly, the upper part of its right thigh should be given to ‘ACHCHHAVAK’ and the upper part of its left thigh to ‘AGNIDHAR’. The upper part of its right arm should he given to a member and its back-bone and womb should he given to the performer of the YAGYA. Its right leg should be given to the ‘GRIHPATI’ (the head or the family) and its left leg to the wife of that ‘GRIHPATI’. The upper lip should be given equally to the ‘GRIHPATI’ and his wife. They give the tail of the animal to the wife of the GRIHPATI’, while it should be given to a BRAHMIN.

“In the same way, its peck should be given to ‘GRAVASTUT’ and the half part of its fleshy back should be given to ‘UNNETA’. The half part of its fleshy neck and some part of its left ear should he given to its slaughterer If the slaughterer of the animal is not a BRAHMIN, he should give it to a BRAHMIN. Its head should be given to ‘SUBRAHMANYAM’.

“The parts of the sacrificed animal total thirty-six. Every piece symbolises a foot of the verses pronounced in the yagya. Thus, the performer of the yagya, dividing the sacrificed animal into 36 pieces, enjoys the pleasures of this world and goes to the heaven.

“The people, who distribute the sacrificed animal in the above-mentioned manner, go to the heaven. But those, who do not follow this procedure, earn sins”

Thus, the above-quoted illustration suggests that for a Hindu, desiring for the heaven, sacrifice of an animal was a part of his religious rites. And a due procedure was also laid down for such sacrifices. Only the people, who used to follow the above-mentioned procedure of sacrifice could think of attaining the heaven. Thus, it is quite clear that the sacrifice of animals was a part of religious rites of the Hindus Now if a Hindu rejects it, he repudiates his own religious scriptures.

The Rigveda also sanctifies the sacrifice of the cow. Thus says the Rigveda:

UKSHNO HI ME PANCHDASH SAKOM PACHANTI WINSHATIM,

UTTAHMADIM PEEV EDUBHA KUKSHEE PRINNANTI ME VISHWASMADINDRA UTTAR

 -The Rigveda 10/86/14

That is, “INSPIRED BY INDRANI (THE WIFE OF INDRA), THE PERFORMERS OF THE YAGYAS SACRIFICE 15 OR 20 OXEN AND COOK THEIR MEAT FOR ME. EATING THESE ANIMALS I AM GETTING FAT.

According to Hindu mythology, Indra is known as the king of gods. And the reason of his fatness is beef eating, as described by Indra himself. If the beef-eating was justified for Indra, how can it be unjustified for his followers?

Similarly, a mantra of the Rigveda clarifies that in ancient India cow-slaughtering was a common phenomenon. The Rigveda describes it in a simile:

MITROKRUWOO YACHCHHSEN NO GAWAH PRITHIVYA APRIGMUYA SHAYANTI      
-The Rigveda 10/89/14

‘That is, “O INDRA! MAY ALL THE DEMONS CUT BY YOUR WEAPON ON THE EARTH AS THE COWS ARE CUT AT THE PLACE OF SLAUGHTERING.”

Analysing the ‘VIVAH SUKTA’ (10/85) OF THE RIGVEDA, DR. V.M. APTE WRITES ON PAGE 387 OF ‘THE VEDIC AGE’, A BOOK PUBLISHED UNDER THE AEGIS OF BHARATIYA YIDYA BHAWAN: “According to the ancient tradition of marriage the groom, along with the marriage party, used to go to the house of the bride (10/17/1), where the bride used to eat food with the marriage party. On that occasion the guests were served with the beef of the cows, slaughtered for the purpose (RIGVEDA 10/85/13).”

VEDIC INDEX, VOL.2, PAGE 145 says, “On the occasion of marriage ceremony the cows were slaughtered for feast.” This fact is also accepted in the ‘VEDIC DICTIONARY’ (PAGE-374) OF BANARAS HINDU UNIVERSITY AND THE RIGVEDA [10/85/13]

As a part of religious rites, beef was also used at the time of funeral of human body. The Rigveda clearly supports this fact;

AGNERVARMAR PARIN GOBHIRVYAYSWA SAM PRONUSHWA PEEWSA MEDSA CHA       

-The Rigveda, 10/16/7

‘THAT IS, “O DEAD, HAVE THE SHIELD OF FIRE-FLAME WITH ‘GODHARMA’. MAY YOU BE COVERED WITH MEAT”

In this context thus says the ‘VEDIC DICTIONARY’ OF BANARAS HINDU UNIVERSITY; “POSSIBLY, THE COW-SLAUGHTERING WAS NECESSARY AT THE FUNERAL (DAH SANSKAR) OF HUMANS. HERE IS THE DESCRIPTION OF COVERING THE DEAD BODY WITH BEEF.”

MUKANDILAL WRITES IN HIS BOOK ‘COW SLAUGHTER – HORNS OF A DILEMMA’, PAGE 18: “In ancient India, cow-slaughter was considered auspicious on the occasions of some ceremonies. Bride and groom used to sit on the hide of a red ox in front of the ‘Yedi’ (alter). Possibly, the hide of that ox was used for the occasion, which was slaughtered for feeding. Similarly, at the time of coronation, the king was used to sit on the hide of a red ox.”

The cooked meat of an ox was offered to Indra to make him pleased, so that he could bless the offerer with grains. Thus says the Rigveda:

ADREENATE MANDEN INDRA TUYANTSUNWANTI SOMAN PEEVSITWAMESHAM, PACHANTI TE VASHBHAN ATSI TESHAM PREEKSHEN YANDHWAN HUYA MANAH.

-THE RIGVEDA 10/28/3

That is, “O Indra! The people, wishing for grains, perform ‘havan’ for you. At that time they prepare juice of ‘soma’ that you drink. They also cook meat of ox, that you eat.” 

The RIGVEDA (7/19/8) mentions a king, named ‘DIVODAS’. An attributive ‘ATITHIGVA’ is used with his name. The meaning of this attributive is ‘SLAUGHTERER OF COW FOR THE GUESTS” (VEDIC DICTIONARY, PAGE 374).

There is also a description in the Yajurveda, which says that the fat of cows was offered by the people to satisfy their dead ancestors and in return their wishes were fulfilled. Thus says the Yajurveda:

WAH VAPAM JATTVEDAH PITRITHYO YTRAINANVETATHNIHITANPARAKE MEDASAH KILYA UPP TANSTRAWANTU SATYA ESHAMASHISHAH SANNAINTAN SWAHA

 -YAJURVED 6 35/20

THAT IS, “O JATDEVA, TAKE THIS PARTICULAR HIDE OF COW. YOU KNOW THE ANCESTORS MAY THE RIVERS OF FAT OF THAT PARTICULAR HIDE FLOW TOWARDS THE ANCESTORS AND THE DESIRES OF THOSE, WHO DONATE FOR THEIR ANCESTORS, BE FULFILLED.

The SHATPATH BRAHMIN (3/4/1/2) mentions that a big ox (Mahoksh) should be killed for the guest The TAITIRIYA BRAHMIN (2/7/11/1) describes about a performer of yagya, named AGASTA, who sacrificed one hundred oxen. This fact is also mentioned in the PANCHVINSH BRAHMIN (21/14/5) To settle the dispute among the priests, as mentioned in the SHATPATH BRAHMIN (3/1/2/21), over whose meat should be eaten  of cow or ox, YAGYAVALKYA clarifies thus:

ASHNMUYEW AHAM ANSALAM CHEDDA BHAWTITI.

-YAGYAVALKYA SMIRITI [3/1/2/21]

That is, “EAT THE MEAT WHICH IS MORE SOFT.”

However, some people differ on the meaning of the word ‘Gomedh’. They say that its meaning is not ‘the slaughtering of cows’, but on the contrary, it means ‘breeding of cows’. But their argument holds no water because there is a detailed description of cutting the parts of the cow and its distribution among the priests. And this description is made in the Brahmins, the highly authentic religious books of Hinduism. In support of their arguments these people quote the ‘mantras’ of the Vedas where the COW is mentioned with the adjective ‘Aghanya’ (not to be slaughtered) But their opinion cannot be accepted because in the ‘mantras’ of the Vedas, quoted by these people, only a particular kind of cow is prohibited to be killed, not all kinds of cows. As for example;

DUHAIMIMISHIBHYAM PAGO AGHNYAYAM SA WARDHANTA MAHTE SAUBHAGAM.

-THE RIGVEDA III 64/27

That is, “THIS COW GIVES MILK FOR BOTH THE ASHWINIKUMARS. MAY THIS COW ENHANCE OUR FORTUNE. THUS, THIS IS NOT TO BE SLAUGHTERED.” Here the word ‘Imam’ indicates a particular kind of cow. The ‘VEDIC DICTIONARY’ of Banaras Hindu University says that the cows were killed, no matter they were called ‘Aghanya’. A renowned scholar of scriptures, DR. PANDURANG VAMAN KANE says, “THAT WAS NOT THE CASE. VAJSANEYI SAMHITA SANCTIFLES THE BEEF-EATING BECAUSE OF ITS PURITY.” (DHARMASHASTRA VICHAR MARATHI, PAGE 180).

The beef-eating was common in the Vedic age. That is why Swami Vivekanand called It the ‘Golden Era’ of Indian history.

Swami Nikhilanand the biographer of Swami Vivekanand, writes thus: “SWAMI VIVEKANAND TOLD THE CONSERVATIVE BRAHMINS VERY ENTHUSIASTICALLY THAT IN THE VEDIC PERIOD BEEF-EATING WAS IN COMMON USE. ON BEING ASKED ABOUT THE ‘GOLDEN ERA’ OF INDIAN HISTORY, THE SWAMI NAMED THE VEDIC PERIOD WHEN ONLY FIVE BRAHMINS WERE SUFFICE TO EAT A COW.” (FOR REFERENCE SEE ‘VIVEKANAND: A BIOGRAPHY’, PAGE 96.)

Not only this, the UPANISHADS too mention the beef-eating. Thus says the BRIHDARANYAKOPANISHAD (6/4/18):

ATHA YA ECHCHHATEPUTRO ME PANDITO VEGEETAH SAMTINGAM SHUSHRUSHITAM VACHAM BHASHITA JAYETI. SARVANVEDANNUBABREET SARVAMAYURIYADITI MANSAUDANAM PACHYEETWA SARPEESHMANT AMSHANIYYATUMISHAWARO JANYEETWA ANKSHEN WARSHVEN WA. –    BRIHDARNYAKOPANISHAD [6/4/18]

That is, “A man, who wishes his son, yet to born, to be a great orator, a great scholar of the Vedas and of 100 years of age. should eat along with his wife the meat of an ox or bull mixed with ghee and ‘bhat’ (rice).”

Some people tried to change the meaning of the word ‘AUKSHA’  and ‘AARSHABH‘, used for ox or bull. Some scholars attribute these words to medicinal herbs. In fact, their efforts are not only against the opinions of ancient commentators, but are also a laughing stock.

ADI SHANKARACHARYA, THE GREATEST PROPAGATOR OF HINDUISM, SAYS THUS IN HIS COMMENTARY OF BRIHDARANYAKOPANISHAD:

MANSMISHRIOMODANAM MANSAUODNAM. TANMAMSANIYAM -ARTHMAHAUKSHEN WA MANSEN UKSHA SEWANSAMARTHA PUNGWASTDIYAM MANSAM. RISHBHASTETATOAPYADHIKVYAST -DEEY MA SHA BHAM MANSAM.  -ADI SANKRACHARYA’S COMMENTRY ON BRIHDARANYAKOPANISHAD [6/4/18]

That is, ‘Odan’ (rice) mixed with meat is called ‘MANSODAN’. On being asked whose meat it should be, he answers ‘UKSHA’. ‘Uksha’ is used for an OX, which is capable to produce semen. Therefore, I suggest the Hindu brothers, who want to know truth about beef-eating as against the true spirit of Hinduism, to study the commentary of ADI SANKRACHARYA on BRIHDARANYAKOPANISHAD

THE APASTAMB GRIHSUTRA (13/5/15-17) SAYS, “WHEN A BRAHMIN SCHOLAR OF VEDAS, A STUDENT OR A TEACHER VISITS THE HOUSE OF A MAN, THE LATTER SHOULD WELCOME HIM WITH ‘MADHUPARK’ HE SHOULD OFFER A COW TO HIM, IF HE PERMITS, HE SHOULD KILL IT WITH PRONOUNCING MANTRAS AND GIVE IT TO THE GUEST.”

SOME INDIAN SCHOLARS OPINE THAT IN THE ‘MADHUPARK’ HONEY, CURD, ETC. ARE OFFERED, NOT THE BEEF. BUT THEIR ARGUMENT IS AGAINST THE GRIHSUTRAS. IN THIS CONTEXT THE MANAV GRIHSUTRA (1/9/21) CLARIFIES, “MADHUPARK CANNOT BE WITHOUT MEAT. THIS IS BEING SAID BY THE VEDAS.”

THERE IS A DESCRIPTION IN THE ‘UTTAR RAM CHARITAM’ OF RENOWNED SANSKRIT SCHOLAR AND ANCIENT WRITER BHAVBHUTI, which runs thus. When Vashishtha visited the ashram of Valmiki, he was served with the meat of she-calf. On this ‘Saudhatin’, a disciple of Valmiki, became very angry. he said to his fellow disciple Bhandayan that Vashishtha’ is as if a tiger or a wolf for he had eaten the poor she-calf. Hearing this, thus answered Bhandayan:

SAMANSO MADHUPARKA ETYAMANAYAM BAHUMANYA MANAH SHROTRIYABHYAGATAYA WATSARIN MAHOKSHAM MAHAJAM WA NIRWAPANTI GRIHMEDHIN, TAM HI DHARMSUTRAKARAH SAMAMNANTI

-UTTAR RAM CHARITAM; PART IV, CHAPTER VISHAKAMBHAK

That is, “MADHUPARK SHOULD COMPRISE MEAT HONOURING THE VEDIC INSTRUCTIONS, THE HOUSEHOLDERS OFFER A SHE-CALF OR A BIG OX OR A BIG GOAT TO THE GUESTS.”

THERE HAS BEEN AN EFFORT FOR MANY YEARS TO CHANGE THE MEANING OF ‘MAHOKSHAM’ AND ‘MAHAJAM’, USED IN THE SMRITIS, TO MEDICINAL HERBS. TO SOME EXTENT, THEY SUCCEEDED IN THEIR ENDEAVOUR. BUT THEY COULD NOT CHANGE THE MEANING OF ABOVE-MENTIONED WORDS IN ALL THE BOOKS OF SANSKRIT LITERATURE. THAT IS WHY, IN THE UTTAR RAM CHARITARN OF BHAVBHUTI THE WORDS VATSARI’, ‘MAHOKSHA’ AND ‘MAHAJ’ ARE NOT USED FOR MEDICINAL HERBS, BUT FOR SHE-CALF, BIG OX AND BIG GOAT RESPECTIVELY.

The beef was also served on the occasion of ‘SHRADDHA KARMA’. Thus says the APASTANIB DHARMSUTRA;

SANTASARAM GAVYEN PREETI, BHUYAMSAMTTO MAHISHEN ETTEN GRAMYARKHYANAM PASHUNAM MANSAM MEDHYAM VYAKHYATTAM. KHARGOPASTREN KHARGAMANSENANTYAM KALAM. TATHA SHERTBALERM ARTSYASYES MANSEN WAGHREENSASYA CHA – APASTARRIB DHARNTASUTRA  [2/7/16/25, 2/7/17/3]

That is, “The ancestors are appeased for one year. If the beef is served in their ‘Shraddha’, and they are appeased for more years if the meat of the buffalo is served in their ‘Shraddha.’ The same is applicable to the meat of hare, goat. etc. If the Brahmins, seated on the hide of rhino, are served with the meat of rhino, the ancestors are appeased for ever The same thing is applicable to the meat of the fish, named ‘Shatbali’.”

The Mahabharat too accepts the opinion of Apastamb Dharm­sutra. Thus says Anushasan Parva of the Mahabharat:

GAVAYEN DATTARN SHRADHE TU SANWATASARMIHOCHCHAYATT. 
-MAHABHARAT, ANUSHASAN PARVA 88/5

That is, ‘The ancestors are appeased for one year on being served with beef on the occasion of their ‘Shraddha’.”

The Puranas and the Smritis describe a man ‘RIKGAMAN’, if he refuses to eat the meat served in the ‘Shraddha’. THE MEANING OF THE WORD ‘RIKGAMAN’ IS TO BECOME ANIMAL FOR 21 BIRTHS. THUS IS ACCEPTED BY MANU:

NIYUKTASTU YATHANYAYAM YO MANSAM NATTI MANWAH. SA PRETYA PASHUTAM YATI SAMBHAWANEKVEENSHATEM.

-MANUSMRITI 5/35

That is, “One, who does not eat meat served in the ‘shraddha and ‘Madhupark’ becomes animal after his death for consecutive 21 births.”

Further says Manu in the Manusmriti:

KRATAU SHRADHE NEYOKTO WA ANSHANAN PAJIRAH DWEEZ

 -MANASMRITI 5/55

That is, “A BRAHMIN, WHO DOES NOT EAT MEAT SERVED IN THE ‘SHRADDHA’ AND A ‘YAGYA’ DENIGRATES FROM HIS POSITION.”

THE SIMILAR OPINION IS EXPRESSED BY THE KURMA PURAN (2/17/40).

THE VISHNU DHARMOTLAR PURAN (1/140/49-50) SAYS THAT A MAN, WHO DOES NOT EAT THE MEAT SERVED IN THE ‘SHRADDHA’, GOES TO HELL. THE SAME IS ALSO MENTIONED IN THE HISTORY OF DHARMASHASTRA (VOL-3, PAGE-1244).

According to the Mahabharat any empire could be destroyed by the yagya performed with beef. There. is a tale in the Mahabharat which runs thus:

Yadrichchhaya mrita dristwa, gaastada nrisattam.

Ettan pushun nay kshipram Brarnhbandho yadichchhsi.

Sa tutkritya mritanam vat, mansani rnunisattam.

Juhay dhrirastrasya rastram narpateb pura

Awakeerne sarswattyastirthe prajalya pawkam

Bako dalbhayo Maharaj, niyam param esthirah.

Sa tairav juhawasya rastram mansaimarhalappa

Tansmistu vidhiwat satre, sampravrite sudarune.

Akshuyut tato rastram. Dhritrastrasya parlheev. 

Mahabharat, shalya Parva [41/8/14]

That is, “Take these dead cows, if you like,” said King Dhritrashtra to Dalmya. Dalmya performed a yagya at ‘AVAKIRN’, a place on the bank or river Saraswati. In the ‘havan’ he offered the beef of those dead cows. After completion of that yagya in the prescribed manner, the empire of Dhritrashtra began to get destabilized.”

At another place. the Mahabharat mentions thus.

Chhinnasthunam vrisham dristwa, velapam cha gwambhrisham. Gograhe yazawatasya. prekshmanah so partheevah.Swasti gobhyoastu loke tato nirvachanam kritam-Mahabharat Shanti Parva [265/1-3]

That is, “King Vicharakshu became very upset having seen the condition of cows, who were wailing over the killing of oxen for the yagya. Showing sympathy the king said, ‘May the cows live long,”

King Rantidev, if we believe the Mahabharat, achieved fame because he used to give beef in charity. Thus says the Mahabharat.

Rajo mahanase purve Rantideosay vai dweejah. Dwai sahastre tu vadhayate pashunamanvaham tada.Ahanyahni vadhayate dwe sahastre gawam tadha, Somansam dadro hyanannam rantidewasya nityashah.Nripasya dweejosattam. -Mahabharat Van Parva 208/209/8-10

That is, “For the kitchen of king Rantidev two thousand animals were slaughtered. Two thousand cows were slaughtered daily” As he used to give grains along with meat in charity, he achieved unparallel fame. After the study of this illustration even a layman can understand that even the Mahabharat sanctifies the charity of beef. Thus, the eating of beef, according to the Mahabharat, is a praiseworthy deed, and not condemnable as is being done today.

As regards the above-quoted illustration of the Mahabharat, some people have fallen prey to misconception. They go round to say that the illustration in question is a part or later additions to the Mahabharat. But to dispel their misconception, I would like to remind them that the above-verse is found in the 208TH CHAPTER OF CHITRASHALA edition and also in the 199TH CHAPTER OF BHANDARKAR ORIENTAL RESEARCH INSTITUTE EDITION. The authenticity of this verse is also accepted IN “THE HISTORY AND CULTURE OF THE INDIAN PEOPLE’, PUBLISHED BY BHARATIYA VIDYA BHAWAN, BOMBAY. And it is noteworthy that the editor of this book is THE RENOWNED HISTORIAN R.C. MAJUMDAR Thus says in the BOOK (VOL.2, PAGE 578): “THIS IS SAID IN THE MAHABHARAT THAT KING RANTIDEV USED TO KILL TWO THOUSAND OTHER ANIMALS IN ADDITION TO TWO THOUSAND COWS DAILY IN ORDER TO GIVE THEIR MEAT IN CHARITY.”

There is also a description of King Rantidev at another place in the Mahabharat, which says thus.

MAHANADI CHARMARASHERUTAKALEDAT SANSRIJE YATTAH.

TATASHCHARMANVALITEETYEVAM VEKHYATA SA MAHANADI,

 -MAHABHARAT, SHANTI PARVA 29/123

That is. “A RIVER OF BLOOD BEGAN TO FLOW OUT OF THE HIDES PEELED OFF THE COWS, WHICH WERE KILLED BY KING RANTIDEV. THAT RIVER CAME TO BE KNOWN AS ‘CHARMANVATI’ (CHAMBAL).”

This illustration of King Rantidev was also accepted by the great poet. Kalidas. In his ‘Meghdutam’ he says thus:

VYALAMHETHAH SURBHITNYA ALAMBHJAM MANYISHAYAN

 SHROTOMRITYAM BHOOVEE PARINTTRAM RANTIDEOSYA KRILEEM.

-MEGHDUTAM 45, 48, 49

That is, “O MEGH (CLOUD), SALUTE THE FAME OF KING RANTIDEV, FLOWING IN THE FORM OF A RIVER OF BLOOD OF THE COWS WHICH WERE KILLED BY HIM.”

Thus, we see that the slaughtering of cows commanded social as well as religious acceptance Also, it was esteemed as a status symbol in the society. Mallinath, the 14th century commentator on Meghdutam, also validates the episode of King Rantidev. He says thus.

PURA KILRAJO RANTIDEOSYA GAWALAMBHE SHWEKTRA SAMBHRITTAD RAKATNISHYANDACHCHARMARASHEH KACHCHINANDI SASYANDI SA CHARAMANVATITYAKHYAT ETTI.

Mallinath’s commentary on Meghdoottam­

That is, “In ancient time King Rantidev slaughtered the cows as a result, the blood began to flow like a river Because of its origin from the hides, that river came to be known as ‘Charmanvati.”

At one place the Mahabharat clarifies this episode as follows: Sankrite Rantideosya yam ratrimavssan grihe.

ALABHYATE SHATAM GAWAM SAHASIRANI CHA VINSHATIH.

-Mahabharat; Shanti Parva 29/179

That is, “ONE DAY A LARGE NUMBER OF GUESTS CAME TO THE PALACE OF KING RANTIDEV THEREFORE, HE LET TWENTY THOUSAND AND ONE HUNDRED COWS SLAUGHTERED”

In the light of above-mentioned episode of cow slaughtering by King Rantidev, it is clear now that the cows were slaughtered to feast the guests. In this context, this is also noteworthy to mention that in those days’ only two kinds of guests used to visit the king. They were either the Brahmins or the kshatriyas. Therefore, there is no room to doubt the religious and social sanctity accorded to beef eating. Before we discussed how the Brahmins had inclination to beef eating and in order to get the beef easily they made a number of provisions. But the circumstances began to change. The beef became the favourite food of the kshatriyas too. As a result, the kshatriyas broke the monopoly of the Brahmins over beef eating. Thereafter the right of Beef-eating was accorded only to the two caste the Brahminsand the kshatriyas.

This suggests that the guests of Rantidev, for whom he let twenty thousand and one hundred cows killed were either the Brahmins or the kshatriyas. In the light of such luminous facts I find it ridiculous to see a movement against cow slaughtering run by the very Brahmins who tried their best to reserve the right of Beef-eating only for themselves.

As the Beef-eating was prevalent among the Hindus, so was it the part of Buddhist life. The Buddhist literature bears the witness of this fact.

There is a tale in the TITIR JATAK (PAGE 438), which runs thus; ‘A jain became the Buddhist monk. He was pursuing his studies in an ‘Ashram’ along with five hundred students. That monk killed a cow, her calf and a ‘Goh’ and ate them. The cow and her calf lived in the same ‘Ashram’ and so did the ‘Goh’ in a burrow near the ‘Ashram.”

There is also a tale in the NADJUTTHA JATAK (PAGE-144), which runs thus: “There was a Brahmin, who was the great scholar of the Vedas. He made a hut in a forest. He resolved to establish ‘AGNI’ (fire) there and offer the meat of an ox in ‘AHUTI’. There came some hunters. In the absence of the Brahmin, who had gone to a village to bring the salt, they killed his ox and ate. The poor fellow, as the Brahmin was, his wish was not fulfilled. The offering of the meat of an ox to the Agni was not a new thing. In the society, where meat was cheaper than grains and fruits and the majority of people used to eat it, there was no value of the lives of the ox, the cow or the boar.”

The Buddhist literature also suggests that only a Brahmin did the slaughtering of cows and oxen. A WRITER OF ‘INDIAN CULTURE DURING THE JATAK ERA ALSO ACCEPTS THIS FACT.’ He says thus (PAGE 216); “IN THE JATAK TALES ONLY THE BRAHMIN IS DESCRIBED AS THE SLAUGHTERER OF COWS OR OXEN NO KSHATRIYAS USED TO KILL THE COW OR OX FOR THE PURPOSE OF WORSHIP OR FOOD NEITHER THE VAISHYAS NOR THE SHUDRAS USED TO KILL COWS ONLY THE BRAHMIN WAS THE SLAUGHTERER OF COWS DURING THE ERA OF JATAKS.”

Now this is quite clear that all the above-mentioned illustrations have been extracted from the Hindu scriptures – THE VEDAS, THE BRAHMINS, UPANISHADS, GRIHSUTRAS, DHARMASHASTRAS, ETC. and all of them Support the fact that in Hinduism beef-eating commands the religious sanctity. NOW EMERGES A PERTINENT QUESTION IF HE HINDU SCRIPTURES SANCTIFY THE BEEF EATING, ON WHAT GROUND ARE SOME PEOPLE STIRRING AN AGITATION AGAINST COW-SLAUGHTERING AND BEEF-EATING? On the one hand, these agitators accept the importance of ancient Hindu scriptures on the other hand; they are rejecting the directions or these very scriptures regarding the beef eating. This proves that they have no respect for their religious books. They make the analysis of their scriptures only keeping in mind (their self-interests.

As regards the beef eating, they are explaining there holy books among the Hindus on the lines very much suited to their self-interests. This analysis is not presenting the true spirit of the religious books amongst the Hindus. As a result, the Hindus are falling prey to the misconceptions about their religious dogmas. And the movement against cow slaughtering is the result of such misconceptions. Before stirring an agitation against cow slaughtering, the so-called religious leaders should study their scriptures, which clearly sanctify the beef eating. I FAIL TO UNDERSTAND ON WHAT GROUND THEY CLAIM THAT THERE IS NOT PROVISION OF BEEF EATING IN THE HINDU RELIGIOUS BOOKS.

Now a days an effort is being made in India to establish the society based on the principle of Manu, however, no clear-cut picture or its implementation is drawn out. The so-called protectors of Hinduism are going round to say that the slaughtering of cow is a sin. But these followers of Manu’s principle forget that the cow slaughtering does not find place in the list of sins described by MANU IN THE 54TH VERSE OF MANU SMRITI’S 11TH CHAPTER. This means Manu did not consider cow slaughtering as a sin. A QUESTION AGAIN HOUNDS ME IF MANU DID NOT RECOGNISE COW SLAUGHTERING AS A SIN, ON WHAT GROUND DO HIS FOLLOWERS CLAIM IT AS A SIN? THIS IS THE QUESTION THE HINDUS SHOULD ASK THEIR SO-CALLED RELIGIOUS LEADERS.

Also in the religious books, which were written after the Manusmriti, the beef eating is accorded with religious sanctity. The Vishnu Puran, which is the work of POST-MANUSMRITI ERA, also clarifies that beef commanded an important place in the performance of religious rites Thus says the Vishnu Puran:

HAVEESHYAMATSYAMANSAIASTU SHASHASYA NAKULASYA CHA.

 SAUKARCHCHHAGLAINEYA RORAGURAYEN CHA

 BHAGRAVAISHCHA TATHA MANSVRIDHYA’ PITAMAHA.

 PRAYANTE TRIPTIM MANSAIASTU NITYAM YADHINSAMISHAIH.

 -VISHNU PURAN [3/16/1-2.]

That is, “HAVI AND THE MEAT OF FISH, HARE, MONGOOSE, BOAR, GOAT, DEER (KASTURIYA MRIG), ANTELOPE AND COW SATISFY THE DEAD ANCESTORS ONE MONTH MORE RESPECTIVELY THE MEAT OF RHINO MAKES THEM SATISFIED ETERNALLY.”

Thus is said in THE BRAMHAVAIVART PURAN:

PANCHKOTI GAWAM MANSAM SAPUPAM SWANNMEV CHA.

 ETESHAM CHA NADI RASHI BHUNJAYATE BRAMHINANMUNE.

 -BRANHAVAIVART PURAN [1/61/98-99]

That is, “THE BRAHMINS HAD EATEN THE BEEF OF FIVE CRORES OF COWS AND ‘MALPUA’ (A KIND OF SWEET PUNS).” IN THIS KHAND, THERE IS ALSO THE DESCRIPTION OF A KING NAMED SUYAGYA. THE KING USED TO SERVE THE BRAHMINS DAILY WITH THE WELL-COOKED MEAT,

SNPAKWANI CHA MANSANI BRAMHINEBHASHCHA PARVATI.

 -BRANTHAVAIVART PURAN [1/50/12]

Further says this Puran:

GAWAM LAKSHAM CHHODANAM CHA HARINAANAN DWELAKSHAM.

CHATURLAKSHNAM SASHANAM CHA KURMANAM CHA TATHA KURU.

DASHLAKSHAM CHHAGALANAM BHETANE TACHCHTURGUNAM.

ETSHAM PAKWAM MANSANT BHOJNARTH CHA KARYA

 -BRAMHAVAIVART PURAN [1/105/61-63]

That is, “COOK THE MEAT OR ONE LAKH COWS, TWO LAKH DEERS, FOUR LAKH HARES, FOUR LAKH TORTOISES, TEN LAKH GOATS AND SHEEPS FOUR TIMES THE NUMBER OF GOATS”. Rukmi gave this order; the brother of Rukmi, on the occasion of the latter’s marriage.

The Bramhavaivart Puran also describes the ‘yagya’ performed by Adi Mann:

BRAMHNAANAM IRJKOTTNSHCHA HHOJYAMAS NETYASHA.

PAN CHGAWAM MANSAT SPUKWAIDHRTL SANSKRITAI:

CHAVATSHCHOSHOT  LENHYAPEYAIMISHTDRAVAI SUDURLABHE,

Bramhavaivart Puran 1/54/48 

That is, “MANU USED TO FEAST THREE CRORES OF BRAHMINS IN THE YAGYA’. THEY (BRAHMINS) WERE SERVED WITH THE BEEF OF FIVE LAKH COWS, WHICH WAS COOKED IN THE GHEE….”

Thus, THE ABOVE-QUOTED ILLUSTRATIONS ARE SUFFICE TO PROVE THAT THE BEEF WAS A LOVELY FOOD IN ANCIENT INDIA BUT TO MY GREAT SURPRISE, TODAY AN EFFORT IS BEING MADE TO REJECT THESE FACTS. EVERY MOVEMENT HAS ITS BACKGROUND AND A SOUND LOGIC. THE MOVEMENT, WHICH IS STARTED ON FALSE NOTIONS, COMMANDS NEITHER THE RESPECT NOR THE SUPPORT.

But the Hindus are easily enjoined to any religious movement, notwithstanding any logic behind it, And the reason thereof is not far to seek. Actually, this is the permanent feature of Hinduism to have such false notions, rites and superstitions. The movement against cow slaughtering is also the outcome of one of such false notions, but the people associated with this movement use to say that all these Illustrations are untrue. NOW I ASK THESE SO-CALLED HINDU RELIGIOUS LEADERS WHETHER THE VEDAS ARE UNTRUE, ARE THE SMRITIS BOGUS? ARE THE PURANS AND THE MAHABBARAT SETS OF FALSE ILLUSTRATIONS? IF YES, WILL THEY LIKE TO TELL WHICH IS THEIR RELIGIOUS BOOK? IF THEY DO NOT FALSIFY THEIR RELIGIOUS SCRIPTURES, MENTIONED ABOVE, THEN WHY ARE THEY RIDICULING THEIR OWN RELIGIOUS BOOKS? I WANT TO SEEK THE ANSWER OF THIS QUESTION FROM THE SO-CALLED PROTECTORS OF HINDUISM. WILL THEY?

(c) THE GLORIOUS QUR’ĀN PERMITS EATING OF NON-VEGETARIAN FOOD. 

According to the Glorious Qur’ān:

1. Surah Ma’idah Chapter 5 Verse 1 (5:1)

“O you who believe! Fulfill (all) obligations. Lawful unto you (for food) are all four-footed animals with the exceptions named: but animals of the chase are forbidden while you are in the sacred precincts or in pilgrim grab: for Allah does command according to His Will and Plan.”

2. Surah Nahl Chapter 16 Verse 5 (16:5)

“And cattle He has created for you (men): from them you derive warmth, and numerous benefits, and of their (meat) you eat.”

3. Surah Mu’minoon Chapter 23 verse 21(23:21)

“And in cattle (too) you have an instructive example: from within their bodies we produce (milk) for you to drink; there are, in them, (besides), numerous (other) benefits for you; and of their (meat) you eat;”

The above Qur’ānic verses make it crystal clear that Muslims may have non-vegetarian food.

(D) QUR’ĀNIC VERSES MISINTERPRETED

Some ideological vegetarians try to prove from the Qur’ān that eating non-vegetarian food is prohibited and they quote:

Surah Hajj chapter 22 verse 37(22:37)

“It is not their meat nor their blood that reaches Allāāh, it is your piety that reaches him: He has thus made them subject to you, that you may glorify Allāāh for his guidance to you: and proclaim the good news to all who do right” 

This verse of the Glorious Qur’ān clearly states that unlike some other religions who believe that Almighty God requires meat and blood, in Islam when we sacrifice an animal neither the blood nor the meat reaches God but it is our piety, intentions, and righteousness while sacrificing that is taken into consideration.

That is the reason when a sacrifice of an animal is made during Eedul-Duha (Bakri-Eed) 1/3rd portion of the animal has to be given in charity to the poor people1/3rd has to be distributed amongst relatives and friends. A maximum of 1/3rd portion may be kept for the personal household consumption.

No portion of the animal’s flesh or blood is kept separately for Almighty God, because he does not require it.

Allah says in Surah A’naam Chapter 6 Verse 14 “Say: ‘shall I take for my protector any other than AIlah – the Maker of the heavens and the earth? And He it is that feeds but is not fed’. Say: ‘Not But I am commanded to be the first of those who bow to Allah (In Islam) and be not of the company of those who join gods with Allah’.     

“And He it is that feeds and not fed.”

ii. Another Verse quoted from the Glorious Qur’ān to misguide that slaughtering animals even for food is prohibited in IslaAm is:

Surah AI-Baqarah Chapter 2 Verse 205 (2:205). “When he turns his back, His aim everywhere is to spread mischief through the earth and destroy crops and cattle. But Allah loves not mischief.”

The Arabic word in this verse is “NasI” which has been translated by some translators as cattle. ‘Nasl’ actually means progeny. But irrespective of whether the translation chosen is cattle or progeny, if you read the verse in context with the previous verse it speaks about men whose main aim is to spread mischief in the world and such men do it by destroying crops and cattle or progeny and Allah loves not those who do mischief. This verse clearly indicate that if you destroy crops, cattle or progeny with an intention of spreading mischief in the land then Allah does not like it. It does not mention or mean that if you slaughter cattle for food Allah does not like an act.

I have quoted several verses of the Glorious Qur’ān that state that we can have all lawful animals for food.

(ii) GEOGRAPHICAL LOCATION

1. GEOGRAPHICAL LOCATION AND SURROUNDING ENVIRONMENT

Geographical location and surrounding environment influences the food habits of human beings.

(a) People living in the coastal regions of India e.g. Kokanis eat more fish.

(b) South-Indians are basically rice eaters.

2. DESERT AREAS:

In vast desert areas there are very few plants like dates and figs. Hence people’s staple diet is food obtained from animal sources.

3. ESKIMOS IN ARCTIC AND ANTARCTICA

Eskimos living in Artic regions where edible vegetation is scarce survive on non- vegetarian food mainly consisting of seafood.

(iii) PERSONAL CHOICE

1. Preference of food habits due to taste. smell. colour. etc.

Many people prefer certain foods due to their own personal choice. They may either find it tasty, find it to have a good aroma, or may like its colour. For e.g. mutton, chicken, fish, rice, wheat, mango, apple, etc.

2. Avoid food due to taste. smell. colour etc

Many people avoid certain foods due to their personal dislikes. They may either dislike its taste, aroma, colour, etc. e.g. fish, beef, brinjal, karela.

3. Personal choice: Some vegetarians find it repugnant to eat animal food but the same people readily drink their own urine. On the other hand most of the non-vegetarians will find it repugnant to drink their own urine. So it is a matter of personal choice for many people.

4. No objection on personal choice: If any human being does not have non-vegetarian food because he does not like its taste, smell or colour, we have no objection since it is not compulsory for a human being to have non-vegetarian food. Similarly if someone has non-vegetarian food because he likes to do so due to his personal choice, others should not object to his having non-vegetarian food.

Personal choice in matters of diet should not be interfered with, as long as it is not harmful for the person, the society and the environment in the longer run.

(iv) HUMANE OR ETHICAL REASONS

1. HUMANE REASONS: Some ideological vegetarians put forth so called ‘humane’ reasons for the prohibition of the eating of animal flesh. They argue that we should be kind and compassionate to the living creatures and should not inflict pain nor kill them. There are various societies that have emerged to protect ‘animal rights’. As long as these are logical and scientific, one could agree with them.

2.  ALL LIFE IS SACRED: According to ideological vegetarians all life is sacred. This belief can lead to absurdities such as allowing mosquitoes to spread malaria, rats to spread plague, pests like white ants to destroy your home furniture or vipers to run loose in one’s premises.

According to Islam we cannot harm any living creature unnecessarily. If it is required for our own safety, security and sustenance, we are permitted to interfere in their life cycle. We are even allowed to slaughter lawful, permitted living creatures for food.

3. EVEN PLANTS HAVE LIFE:  Some people have adopted vegetarianism because they are totally against killing of living creatures. This ideology may have carried weight in the past. Today it is a known universal fact that even plants have life. Thus, even being a pure vegetarian does not fulfill the logic of not killing living creatures.

4.  EVEN PLANTS CAN FEEL PAIN
After it became a universal fact that even plants have life, the reasoning of pure vegetarians changed and they began to argue that plants cannot feel pain. Therefore according to them killing a plant is a lesser crime than killing an animal. Today science tells us that even plants can feel pain.. But the cry of the plant can not be heard by a human being. The human ear can only hear sounds of the frequency between 20 cycles per second to 20,000 cycles per second (cps). Anything below or above this range cannot be heard by human beings. A dog can hear up to 40,000 cps, thus there are silent dog whistle that have frequency of more than 20,000 cps and less than 40,000 ops, These whistles are only heard by dogs and not by human beings. The dog recognizes the master’s whistle and comes to the master.

There was a research done by a farmer, who invented an instrument which converted the cry of the plant to the audible range of human being so that he could hear the cry of the plant. Thus, he was able to realize immediately when the plant cried for water. Latest researches show that not only the plants can cry but they can even feel happy and sad. They to have emotions.

Just because we are unable to hear cry of plants or realize the pain and torture inflected on plants as compared to animals, it does not justify our killing plants for food, but not animals.

5. KILLING A LIVING CREATURE WITH TWO SENSES LESS. IS NOT A LESSER CRIME: once an ideological vegetarian argued his case by saying that plants only have two or three senses while the animals have five senses. Therefore he stated that killing a plant is a lesser crime than killing an animal. Suppose your brother is born deaf and dumb and has two senses less as compared to other human beings. He becomes an adult and later someone murders him. Would you ask the judge to give the murderer a lesser punishment simply because your brother had two senses less?

On the contrary you would say that he has killed a “Masoom” an innocent person and insist that the judge should give the murderer a greater punishment for his cruelty.

(6)  KILLING A HUMAN BEING AND NON-HUMAN BEING: As far as human beings are concerned, living creatures can be classified into two categories: human beings and non-human beings. In the context of killing creatures other than humans, The Glorious Qur’ān Surah Ma’idah Chapter 5 Verse 32 (5:32) States:

“On that account we ordained for the children of Israel that if anyone slew a person -unless it be for murder or for spreading mischief in the land – it would be as if he slew the whole people: And if anyone saved a life, it would be as if he saved the life of the whole people. Then although there came to them Our Messengers with clear signs, yet, even after that, many of them continued to commit excesses in the land.”

In Islam killing any living creature. (Who is a non-human being). Unnecessarily or for Sport or for fun is prohibited, but if it is required for security, safety and sustenance, it is permitted. Thus killing any lawful living creature for food is permitted.

7. KILLING ONE ANIMAL IS BETTER THAN KILLING HUNDRED PLANTS

Even if I agree that among the non-human living creatures, plant is a lesser species as compared to the animal, by taking life of one average animal we can feed a hundred human beings at one time. But if we have to feed the same hundred human being with pure vegetarian food, more than a hundred plant lives will have to be taken. It is preferable to kill one animal than to kill hundred plants. Similarly a person who kills hundred handicapped human being is a greater criminal and sinner as compared to a person who kills one healthy human being.

8. WORLD FOUNDATION ON REVERENCE FOR ALL LIFE: There is an ideological, vegetarian society by the name of ‘World Foundation On Reverence For All Life. They forgot to mention in brackets ‘but plant life’. All life in English means all life, including plant and vegetation life, then how come they permit and support killing plant life for food?

9. MILK IS NON-VEG: One of main articles written in the first world convention held by this ‘World Foundation On Reverence For All Life’ is “101-reasons why I am a vegetarian” contributed by Viva Vegie society of New York, which I believe is a pure vegetarian society or a vegan society. According to them, milk being an animal product constitute non vegetarian food. I agree with them that milk produced from an animal is non-vegetarian food. Then why is it that most of the so-called vegetarians have milk?

10. ANIMALS FEEL PAIN WHILE MILKING: Ideological vegetarians, most of whom have milk, harp about ethical reasons and say pain should not be inflicted on animals. The same people fail to realize that when a cattle is artificially milked, it is very painful. Breast-feeding women who sometimes have to voluntarily extract their own breast milk due to some reasons it causes excruciating pain can very well realize this.

The first time when the cattle is milked, she resists due to pain but later she gets conditioned and may not resist.

11. WHY NOT DRINK THE MILK OF AN ELEPHANT?: I want to ask a simple question to Lacto Vegetarians: why don’t you drink the milk of elephants, which is also nutritious? The answer is very easy – it is because an elephant will not allow you to milk her due to the pain it causes her In short you are inflicting pain on the cattle and in the same breath speaking against cruelty to animals. How absurd.

12. ROBBING THE MILK MEANT FOR THE CALF: If you do not agree to the concept that cattle and certain animals have also been created as food for human beings, then how can you drink the milk of cattle which milk is meant for its offspring? Are you not robbing the milk of the calf and depriving it of its nourishment? If a cattle is not created for food for the human being then you are in plain English robbing the milk of the calf. Just because you are more powerful than the cattle, are you not applying the law of the jungle? Why this hypocrisy of the highest order?: 

13. TAKING STUDENTS TO SLAUGHTER HOUSES TO WITNESS BLOODSHED IS LIKE TAKING GIRLS TO WATCH A DIFFICULT CHILDBIRTH: In America students are converted to vegetarianism by taking them to slaughterhouses to witness blood shed. It is somewhat similar to discourage girls from marrying and having children by making them to watch a difficult childbirth. Both the practices are unethical forms of mind control.

14.  IF PLANTS AND CROPS CAN BE GROWN FOR FOOD THEN WHY CAN’T ANIMALS BE RAISED FOR FOOD?

The ideological vegetarians promote their view by the negative images of exploiting animals and of killing them for meat. If plants and crops can be grown and cultivated for selfish reasons, then why can’t animals be raised for food? In fact children should be introduced at an early age to the concept that animals are raised to produce food.

(v) ANATOMICAL AND PHYSIOLOGICAL CONSIDERATIONS

1. HUMANS HAVE OMNIVOROUS SET OF TEETH: If you observe, the set of teeth that herbivorous animals (who only eat vegetation) like cow, goat, sheep, etc. have set of flat teeth that is suited for a herbivorous diet. On the other hand, the set of teeth that the carnivorous animals like lion, tiger. leopard etc. who only eat flesh of other animals have is of pointed type suited for a carnivorous diet. The set of teeth that human beings have consist of (molars) flat teeth as welt as (canine) pointed teeth. We have molars as well as canine teeth. The flat molars are used for chewing and are more required for a vegetarian diet, while the pointed canine teeth is more useful for eating and biting meat. If our creator, Almighty God, wanted us to have only vegetables then why did He provide us with pointed canine teeth? It is logical that He expects us to have both vegetarian as well as non-vegetarian food.

If you ask any dentist, he will confirm that human beings have omnivorous set of teeth meant for eating both vegetarian and non-vegetarian food.

2. POINTED TEETH IN HUMAN BEINGS ARE LIKE DOG’S AND NOT LIKE MONKEY’S

Some ideological vegetarians argue that the shame teeth in man’s mouth are not like the teeth of dog but are like the teeth of apes and monkeys who are vegetarian. However let us remind them that the shame pointed teeth of the human beings are called ‘canine’ teeth. Canine is derived from the Latin world ‘caninus’ which means dog. Canine literally means of a dog or belonging to the family of canidae including dogs, wolves, foxes, etc.

Even if we were to agree that pointed teeth of humans are like teeth of apes and monkeys, Let us point out also that all apes and monkey are not vegetarian-many species even eat meat.

3. HUMAN BEINGS CAN DIGEST BOTH VEGETARIAN AS WELL AS NON-VEGETARIAN FOOD: The  digestive system of the herbivorous animals can only digest. vegetarian food, The digestive system of the carnivorous animal can only digest meat, and not vegetarian food. But the digestive system of human beings can digest both vegetarian and non-vegetarian food. If Almighty God wanted us to have only vegetarian food then why did he give us a digestive system, which can digest both vegetarian as well as non-vegetarian food?

4. ARGUMENTS FAVOURING THAT HUMAN BEINGS CAN ALSO DIGEST NON-VEGETARIAN FOOD:

(a) Human beings cannot digest raw meat like carnivorous animals

Normally human beings do not have raw meat but they cook their meat to soften it for easy digestion.

(b) Human being cannot digest certain raw vegetables and pulses

Similarly human beings cannot digest certain raw vegetarian food unless cooked like rice, wheat, moong, drumstick, etc which can easily be digested raw by herbivorous animals.

Just because human beings normally do not digest raw meat, does not make meat eating prohibited for us. Similarly, should several raw vegetarian foods that cannot be digested raw by human beings be prohibited?

(c) Eskimo literally means eaters of raw flesh

There are certain human beings like Eskimos who live in the arctic region, and eat raw flesh. Eskimos literally means eaters of raw flesh.

(d) Human digestive juice doesn’t contain cellulose enzyme like the herbivorous animals

The digestive juice of the human being does not contain cellulase enzyme like the herbivorous animals. Most vegetables contains cellulose which is not digested in the human intestine it consumed raw.

(e) Human digestive juice contains enzyme to digest non-veg.

There are certain enzymes present in the digestive juices of the human beings which are specifically used to digest non-vegetarian food e.g. trypsis, chymotrypsis, lipase, etc.

5. PRIMITIVE MAN WAS NON-VEG

The diet of the primitive man was mainly non-vegetarian. The Australian aborigines also eat non-vegetarian food.

6. HUMAN INTESTINE IS LIKE THE INTESTINE OF HERBIVOROUS ANIMALS

The human intestines are long, elastic and capable of pushing food ahead like the intestines of the herbivorous animals. It is unlike the intestine of the carnivorous animals, which are short and straight and their food transition time is lesser.

Since vegetables require longer intestine for digestion and absorption as compared to non-vegetarian food and since man is omnivorous, to digest both non-vegetarian food and vegetarian food, the human intestine has to be long.

7. LIVER AND KIDNEY OF HUMAN BEINGS IS LIKE HERBIVOROUS ANIMALS – IT IS SMALLER THAN THAT OF CARNIVOROUS ANIMALS

8. HCL CONTENT IN THE GASTRIC JUICE IN HUMAN BEING IS LESS AS COMPARED TO CARNIVOROUS ANIMAL

The HCL content in the gastric juice of human being is less as compared to carnivorous animal because HCL is needed to provide acetic media for the protein digestive enzyme, which are pepsin, trypsur, and chymotrypsin. Different animals have diflerent HCL content depending upon the amount of flesh eaten. Similarly the HGL content of the human being is appropriate to digest the amount of meat eaten and also considering the fact that the meat is cooked

9. BLOOD PH OF HUMAN BEINGS AND HERBIVOROUS ANIMALS ARE ALKALINE

Similarly the blood PH of the human being is alkaline.

10. BLOOD LIPO PROTEIN IN HUMAN BEING AND HERBIVOROUS ANIMAL IS SAME

11. SALIVA OF CARNIVORES ARE MORE ACIDIC THAN THAT OF THE HUMAN BEINGS

12.  HUMAN BEINGS LIKE HERBIVOROUS ANIMALS HAVE SKIN PORES AND WELL DEVELOPED SALIVARY GLAND.

13. PLANTS REGROW WHEN CUT BUT THIS IS NOT POSSIBLE WITH ANIMALS

Fruits ripen and fall, leaves are lopped off from the tree and new ones arise. Such a Phenomenon is neither possible nor seen in animals. Limbs when cut cannot grow again. There are certain animals, which have this function to regrow certain parts of their body for e.g. the skin of the snake and the tail of the lizard. If any part that regrows can be eaten, then will the vegetarians eat the tail of the lizard, which regrows? It is a delicacy for certain non-vegetarians. Will they apply the same logic?

(vi) BEHAVIOURAL CONSIDERATIONS

(1) NON-VEGETARIAN FOODS MAKES THE PERSON VIOLENT

(a) THE FOOD YOU EAT HAS AN EFFECT ON YOUR BEHAVIOR

Science tells us that whatever one eats has an effect on behavior. Thus, the non-vegetarians eat animal flesh and behave violent and ferocious like the animals.

(b) ONLY EATING OF THE HERBIVOROUS ANIMAL IS ALLOWED

I agree that, what a person eats has an effect on his behavior. Perhaps that is the reason why Islam Prohibits the eating of carnivorous animals like lion, tiger, leopard, etc. The consumption of the meat of such animals would probably make a person violent and ferocious. Islam only allows the eating of herbivorous animals like cow, goat, sheep, etc. that are peaceful and docile.

(c)  THE GLORIOUS QUR’ĀN SAYS PROPHET PROHIBITS WHAT IS BAD

The glorious Qur’ān says in Surah A`raaf Chapter 7 Verse 157 (7:157)

“Those who follow in the Messenger, the unlettered Prophet (SALLALLAHU ALAYHI WASALLAM), whom they find mentioned on their own (Scriptures), in the law and the Gospel – for he commands them what is just and forbids them What is evil; he allows them as lawful what is good (and pure) and prohibits them from what is bad (and impure); He releases them from their heavy burdens and from the yokes that are upon them. So it is those who believe in him, honour him, help him, and follow the Light which is sent down with him it is they who will prosper.”

And in Surah Hashr Chapter 59 Verse 7(59:7)

“What Allah has bestowed on His Messenger (and taken away) from the people of the townships belongs to Allah, to His Messenger and to kindred and orphans, the needy and the wayfarer; In order that it may not (merely) make a circuit between the wealthy among you. So take what the Messenger assigns to you, and deny yourselves that which he withholds from you. And fear Allah; for Allah Is strict in Punishment.”

For a Muslim, The Prophet’s (SALLALLAHU ALAYHI WASALLAM) statement is sufficient to convince him that Allah does not wish humans to eat some kinds of meat while allowing some other kinds.

(d) AHAADEETH OF MUHAMMAD (PBUH) PROHIBITING EATING OF CARNIVOROUS ANIMALS

According to a Ahaadeeth narrated by lbn Abbaas in Saheeh Bukhari and Saheeh Muslim the Holy Prophet (SALLALLAHU ALAYHI WASALLAM) prohibited the eating of

i. Wild animals with canine teeth i.e. meat eating carnivorous animals. These are animals belonging to the cat families such as lion, tiger, cats, dogs, wolfs hyenas, etc

ii. Certain rodents like mice, rats, rabbits with claws, etc.

iii. Certain reptiles like Snakes, alligators etc.

iv. Birds preying with talons or claws, like vultures, eagles, crows, owl, etc;

(2) NON-VEGETARIANS ARE MORE SOCIAL AND LESS VIOLENT

There were a group of students, which were only fed on non-vegetarian. diet and another group of students were fed with pure vegetarian food. It was found that the group of students who were fed with non-vegetarian food were more social and less violent

(3) (A)  NOBLE PRIZE WINNERS FOR PEACE WERE NON-VEGETARIAN

The ideological vegetarian to prove their point that vegetarianism makes a person peaceful quote names like Mahatma Gandhi, failing to realize that most of the Noble-Prize winners for peace in this century were Non-vegetarians. Like Yasser Arafat, Anwar Saadat, Vitzah Rabin, Menachin Begin, Mother Teresa, etc.

(B)  HITLER WAS A VEGETARIAN

Who was the person who had massacred and killed the maximum number of human beings in the world in the history of mankind? It was Adolf Hitler, who killed ‘6 million’ Jews. Who was he? He was a vegetarian. Now that the fallacy has been exposed and their counter argument proved wrong, they say that Hitler was a pure vegetarian is a myth, and he sometimes ate non-vegetarian food. I personally do not base my arguments that diet makes a person peaceful or violent by giving examples of individual personalities. There are more other important and relevant factors that make a person peaceful or violent than merely diet.

(4) NON-VEGETARIANS ARE MORE INTELLIGENT

(A) Ideological vegetarians claim that vegetarian diet makes a person more intelligent. In fact animal behavioural scientists have noted that to survive, meat eating predators must outsmart their vegetarian prey. However, all such theories and research break down because of the difficulty of defining intelligence.

(B) Most of The Noble Prize Winners Were Non-Veg. Ideological vegetarians, to prove their point that vegetarian diet enlightens the mind and makes a person intelligent, give a list of names of philosophers and scientists who were supposedly vegetarian like Isaac Newton, Albert Einstein, George Bernard Shaw, Aristotle, Mahavir, etc. failing to realize that a list of greater scientists and philosophers who were non-vegetarian can be readily given. Almost all the latest scientific developments have been made by westerners, most of whom are non-vegetarian. Jesus Christ and Prophet Muhammad (SALLALLAHU ALAYHI WASALLAM) were non-vegetarian. More than 90% of the Noble Prize winners are non-vegetarian.

(5) VEGETARIANISM DOESN’T MAKE A PERSON STRONG

Giving isolated unheard examples of a few vegetarians who were in the Indian army and were strong (e.g. Yadunath Singh Naik) and then quoting unauthentic research that vegetarians are more energetic and strong is one of the most unscientific ways of proving a point, which way convince an ideological vegetarian, but certainly not a logical person. Almost all the winners of the world wrestling competition are non-vegetarian. All the people who got the title of Mr. Universe for bodybuilding are non-vegetarians. Arnold Schwarzenigger, the famous body builder who won 13 World titles, 7 Mr. Olympia, 5 Mr. Universe and 1 Mr. World is a Non-vegetarian.

(6) VEGETARIANISM DOESN’T MAKE A PERSON AN ATHLETE

The crusaders of vegetarianism further give unheard examples such as one successful athlete unheard of by the name Sardar Paramjit Singh who was a vegetarian. Almost all atheletes who hold world records are non-vegetarians. Carl Lewis is a non-vegetarian.

(7) CARNIVOROUS ANIMALS HAVE STRONG SENSE OF SMELL AND GOOD NIGHT VISION UNLIKE HERBIVOROUS ANIMALS AND HUMAN BEINGS

Crusaders of vegetarianism argue that carnivorous animals have strong sense of smell and good night vision but human beings are like herbivorous animals, who do not have strong sense of smell and vision. I agree that most of the carnivorous animals have strong sense of smell and vision but the reason is because such animals hunt their own food while growing up unlike human beings. It is totally wrong to say that none of the herbivorous creatures have strong sense of smell and vision. Bees have a very strong sense of smell and vision.

(8) SOUND OF CARNIVOROUS ANIMALS IS HOARSE UNLIKE THE HERBIVOROUS ANIMALS AND HUMAN BEINGS

Ideological vegetarians give illogical comparisons to prove their point of view and argue that the sounds of carnivorous animals are very hoarse unlike those of herbivorous animals and human beings. They try to put forth a point that vegetarian diet makes the voice melodious. Which animal is known maximum for its hoarse voice? It is general knowledge that it is the donkey and the donkey is a herbivorous animal.

Who is most well known for a melodious voice in India? – Lata Mangeshkar, is she a vegetarian or a Non-Vegetarian? NON-VEGETARIAN!

Muhammad Rafi was a Non-Vegetarian.

Who wass the most famous singer is the world today? Michael Jackson; who is a Non-Vegetarian. (Though most of us may not find him melodious)

By no way am I trying to prove that a non-vegetarian diet makes a person’s voice melodious. I am only disproving the illogical arguments put forth by crusaders of vegetarianism.

9. MOST OF THE WORLD RECORD HOLDERS ARE NON-VEGETARIAN:

If you analyse the dietary history of world record holders and after conceding maximum benefit of doubt to the vegetarians, yet we will find that more than 90% of the world record holders will be non-vegetarians. There may be a few records which may be related to the diet of a person but I would be considered a fanatic non-vegetarian if I were to say that all these records were won by them because they are Non-Vegetarians.

(vii) ECONOMIC AND ECOLOGICAL CONSIDERATION

1. TO DERIVE ONE KG MEAT PROTEIN. ANIMAL HAS TO BE FED 7 TO 8 KG VEGETABLE PROTEIN

Some argue that vegetarian diet is much more economical because to derive one kg of meat protein, the animal has to be fed 7 to 8 kg of vegetable protein.

If these statistics are correct then I ask the vegetarians to thank the Non-Vegetarians for doing a great favour to them. If we non-vegetarians would not slaughter animals for food then these animals would live for another 5 to 10 years depriving 7 to 8 vegetarians of their food for a few years. We also lessen the burden of the vegetarian by not insisting on having his food.

2. LAND NEEDED TO GRAZE AN AVERAGE ANIMAL CAN SUSTAIN 5 AVERAGE HUMAN FAMILIES

Ideological vegetarians argue that land needed to graze an average animal can sustain 5 average human families. They further add that land, which will produce one ton of beef, will produce 10 to 20 tons of highly nutritious Veg. food.

· These people fail to realise that the animals graze on land unsuitable for crop cultivation. 

· Animals eat those portions of plants that are considered inedible (corn stalks and husks) by humans.

· By eating such inedible plant parts, they provide by-products and services that ease human bodies.

· Many nomadic populations survive on lands that lack-farming potentials by feeding on animals whose nourishment is coarse vegetation that humans can’t digest.

· Excluding the forest and pastures according to reports of United Nation and FAO, 70% of the land in the world is cultivatable but only 10 % is under cultivation. This means that 60% of the land which can be used for producing food is lying waste. Thus there is no question of scarcity of land for agriculture and no fear that the animals are using scarce land meant for crop cultivation.

3. BETTER TO USE  THE MILK OF THE COW THEN TO KILL IT:

I marvel the logic of Mr. Gopinath Agarwal who says that a cow on an average gives 10 kgs of milk per day i.e. 3000 Kgs of milk per year which can satisfy the hunger of 6000 people at a time. In its complete productive years a cow can satisfy the hunger of 90,000 people at a time. If the cow is killed then its flesh can not even satisfy a 1000 people at a time. Thus, concluding that killing a goose that lays a golden egg daily is never a wise proposition. No milkman is a fool to sell a milking cow to the slaughter house and neither is a butcher a fool to purchase a milking cow because a milking cow is multiple times more expensive than an old cow which has passed its’ age of productivity.

A milking cow in Mumbai costs 20,000 to 25,000 rupees while an old non-milking cow fetches only 3000 to 5000 rupees.

A cow lives for about 20 years and does not give milk for the first 4 to 5 years and the last 4-5 years. We are smarter. We kill the goose after it stops laying the golden eggs permanently so that we can benefit from all the golden eggs as well as the flesh of the goose. “Sanp bhi mare aur lathi bhi na toote.” In other words, killing two birds with one stone.

All off-springs of cows are not females and hence can not produce milk. Gopinath says that they can be used for pulling carts, transporting freight, plowing the fields, etc.,, all of which are cruelty to the animal specially when there are better alternatives in the field of science and technology. Even if I agree with him, only a small percentage of the millions of bullocks in India can be used for this purpose. What will happen to the remaining bullocks as well as the old non-milking cows and the old bullocks which cannot be used for labour? Only 25% of the available cows, bulls, oxes are useful to the owners and the remaining are unproductive. There are only four options, either:

i. We look after them properly and feed them which costs on an average 18000 rupees a year, which I doubt whether even 0.1% of the people may be doing.

ii. Give it to Jivdaya organisation which too cannot support them and hence leaves them free. These cattle invade the fields and eat crops and vegetable which are useful to human beings, thus incurring a greater loss.

iii. Transport them and leave these unproductive animals in jungles. Doing so will also cost a fortune. in the jungle, being weak, they will be easy prey to wild animals.

iv. The last option of giving such animals to slaughter houses is best for both. The owners may fetch a few thousand rupees and the animal will not have to die of hunger or become prey to the wild animals and die a slow ruthless and torturous death. Besides being slaughtered painlessly, they can be useful for human beings after their death. Their flesh can be used as food, their hide can be used as leather (shoes, chappals, belts, purses, valets, clothing, bags, etc..) and the bones for other uses (every one knows what is its use)

4. HUNDRED TIMES MORE WATER REQUIRED FOR NON-VEG.

According to Dr. Nemichand, meat eating creates serious problems of shortage of water because one pound of wheat requires 25 gallons of water while one pound of flesh requires 25,000 gallons of water. I am not interested in knowing from where he got these statistics but according to him shortage of water is due to the animals drinking water. THIS IS THE HYPOCRISY OF THE HIGHEST ORDER. On one hand the vegetarians speak about animal rights and ask one and all not to be cruel towards them and on the other hand they blame the poor animals for drinking water and causing shortage of water. In Islam, according to Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) it is mentioned in:

Saheeh Bukhari Volume 3 Ahaadeeth no, 551 and Saheeh Bukhari volume 8 Ahaadeeth no.38 “THAT THERE IS A REWARD FOR GIVING WATER TO A THIRSTY DOG AND ALSO FOR SERVING ANY ANIMAL.” It’s a common fact that 2/3rd of the world is occupied by water,  drinking water for the animals need not be purified like is done for human beings. Instead of solving the problem of providing the available water, Dr. Nemichand gives the solution of eradicating animals and solving your hypothetical problems of water shortage. WE MAKE BETTER USE OF THEM BY CONSUMING THEM AS LAWFUL FOOD.

5EAT THE ANIMALS WHO DIE NATURALLY:

R. Das director of Iskon Youth says that yet if the Non- Vegetarian insists on drinking milk, then they should only eat animals who die naturally.

I admire his great love for animals that he is willing to let human beings die just to save animals. It is an established medical fact that eating meat of dead animals is detrimental to human beings. Besides causing diseases like  Anthrax bacillus. Brucellosis, parteurella multocida, hemorihagic septicunia, flesh of dead animals causes heptospirosis which can even cause death. The Glorious Qur’ān prohibits dead meat in no Less than 4 places.

In Surah Baqarah chapter 2 verse 173  (2:173)

In surah Ma’idah chapter 5 verse 8  (5:8)  

In Surah A’naam chapter 6 verse 145  (6: 145)   

In Surah Nahl chapter 16 verse 115  (16:115)

6. IF CATTLE IS NOT SLAUGHTERED FOR FOOD THEN YOU HAVE OVER POPULATION OF CATTLE

If cattle are not slaughtered for food, then there will be over population of cattle. I am aware that for the sake of food, cattle are multiplied artificially. If this artificial multiplication is stopped along with stopping of slaughtering of cattle for food yet they will multiply. Our creator Almighty God has created the cattle also for food. No wonder that their gestation period is very short from 3 months to 6 months and they have several off-springs in a short period as compared to human beings. With most of the people practicing family planning birth control, it is plain logic that in the cattle where the reproductive growth is multiple times and with absence of family planning, the cattle population is bound to increase multiple times as compared to human population. How will we solve the problem of over population, which will cause a phenomenal loss to the human beings if the cattle are not slaughtered for food?

7. NO HARM IN PAVING MORE MONEY FOR GOOD QUALITY FOOD

Even if the animal protein is more expensive than the vegetable protein but the animal protein is of a higher quality then what is the problem if a person is willing to pay more money to buy a better quality of food or a food of his personal choice if he can afford it?

It is similar to some one saying it is foolish of the rich people to buy one square feet of apartment space for 25,000 rupees in South Mumbai when the same one square feet of apartment is available for less than one thousand rupees in distant suburbs.

8. VEGETABLES ARE MORE EXPENSIVE THAN MEAT IN WESTERN COUNTRIES

In India, vegetarian food is cheaper than non-vegetarian food but in western countries it is the opposite. vegetarian food is more expensive than the non-vegetarian food and fresh vegetables cost phenomenal amounts. This is the reason why mainly rich and affluent people as a vogue have adopted vegetarianism. With all the crusading of vegetarianism, less than 1% of Americans are pure vegetarians, according to American Council of Science and Health.

(viii) NUTRITIONAL VALUE

1. DR. GEORGE R. KERR’S STATEMENT

According to Dr. George R. Kerr who is a professor of nutrition, and international and family health at the university of Texas U.S.A., “The authors of virtually all popular diet disease books … advance hypothesis that are untested, ill tested, unfounded, unlikely or disproved.”

2. PROTEIN OF NON-VEG. IS OF HIGHER QUALITY

Protein is broken in the body into amino acid and there are 22 known types of amino acid, out of which 14 are non-essential, which are manufactured naturally in the body while 8 are essential amino acids, which cannot be manufactured naturally within the body and must be obtained from our food.

PROTEIN OF ANIMAL ORIGIN ARE BIOLOGICALLY COMPLETE PROTEIN OR HIGHER QUALITY PROTEIN SINCE THEY CONTAIN ALL THE 8 ESSENTIAL AMINO ACIDS REQUIRED BY THE HUMAN BODIES.

The protein from vegetable sources are biologically incomplete protein as they lack one or more of the 8 essential amino acids. However, this deficiency in protein can be controlled even by a pure vegetarian diet but care should be taken that different vegetarian food should be mixed in the correct proportion to fulfill the need of all the amino acid. Many Indians who obtain their proteins from cereals and pulses have deficiency of methionenine (the essential amino acids are leucine, iisoleucine ratine, lysine, tryptophan, threonine, methionine and phenyhalanine.)

3. ALL ESSENTIAL FATTY ACIDS PRESENT IN MEAT

Similarly there are essential fatty acids i.e. poly unsaturated fatty acids which are not synthesized in the body and have to be provided in the food. Meat contains all the essential fatty acids but no Single Veg source contains all the essential fatty acids. (Essential fatty acids are linoleic acid, linolenic acid and arachidonia acid.)

4. NON-VEGETARIAN FOOD CONTAINS HAEM-IRON

There are 2 forms of dietary iron: Haem iron which is present in animal products and Non-Haem iron which is present in foods of animal and plant origin. Haem iron is much better absorbed than the non Haem iron. Vegetarians thus have limited intake of Haem, which increases the risk of iron deficiency and anemia. This is more common iron amongst vegetarian milk fed infants and women who are either prone to loosing more amount of iron during menstruation or reduced iron intake while dieting.

Meat, poultry and fish also help the body to absorb more non Haem iron. It is beneficial for humans to consume meat and vegetables together to get the maximum iron absorption. Vitamin ‘C’ also helps in non-Haem iron absorption.

5. QUANTITY OF PROTEIN MAY BE MORE IN CERTAIN VEGETABLES BUT NOT QUALITY

Crusaders of vegetarianism circulate food value charts showing that the protein content, as well as the iron content of various vegetarian food are higher than flesh food. They attempt to prove that vegetarian food is more nutritive and provides more protein compared to Non-Vegetarian food.

Most of the people are unaware that the vegetable proteins are biologically incomplete and of an inferior quality as compared to animal proteins, which are biologically, complete. Neither are people aware of the absorption of Haem iron and non-Haem iron. Which is more valuable? Ten notes of Rs 10 each or one note of Rs. 500/-?

6. VEGETARIAN FOOD IS DEFICIENT IN VITAMIN B 12

Vegetarian food is deficient in vitamin B12. Vitamin B12 deficiency normally is more due to defect of absorption and rarely due to dietary reason. Though dietary deficiency of vitamin B 12 is rare, it is serious and observed mainly in vegetarians.

According to the crusaders of vegetarianism their research states that two types of seaweed “Wakame” and “Kombo” have been found to contain vitamin B 12. How many vegetarians have heard the name of these two sea weeds and how many consume it in their diet?

7. DEFICIENCY OF ZINC IN VEGETARIAN FOOD

Vegetarian food is deficient in Zinc. Meat is an important source of dietary Zinc. However, certain vegetarian food like pumpkin is rich in zinc.

8. IODINE ABUNDANT IN SEAFOOD AND NEGLIGIBLE IN VEGETARIAN FOOD.

Iodine, which is important for producing thyroid hormones, is present in abundant quantity in seafood and present in poor to negligible quantity in vegetarian food.

9.  CARBOHYDRATES AND VITAMIN C NOT PRESENT IN NON-VEGETARIAN FOOD’

Carbohydrates and vitamin C are not present in non-vegetarian food but abundant in vegetarian food and fruits which are also eaten by Non-Vegetarians. THIS, FULFILLS THE REQUIREMENTS OF NON-VEGETARIAN, SINCE THEY DO NOT PLACE UNNECESSARY RESTRICTIONS ON THEIR DIETARY HABITS

10EGG IS A NUTRIENT – DENSE FOOD

Eggs have very high nutritive value

i. One large egg provides about 6 grams of proteins about half of which is in the egg white. The white of the egg is an ideal protein – the one by which all others are measured because it contains all the amino acids needed for human nutrition and offers them in the proper balance it.

ii. Eggs are a significant source of iron, riboflaven, folate and vitamin B12, D and E. Eggs are one of the very few foods that supply vitamin D. Just about the only nutrient not found in an egg is vitamin C.

iii. Eggs are easily digested, making them valuable dietary component for people who are ill or convalescing.

iv. Of the 5 grams of fat in a large egg, more that half is unsaturated that does not raise blood cholesterol level.

v. Eggs don’t provide an abundance of any one nutrient but offer substantial amount of a wide variety, thus eggs are called as nutrient-dense food. It means that they provide relatively high proportion of essential nutrients while supplying only a relatively small number of calories that is about 70 calories for a large egg.

11. VEGETARIAN BABIES ARE LESS HEALTHY

Generally speaking vegetarian babies are less healthy. During the first six months when babies are breast fed, the growth is satisfactory. During weaning between 6 and 18 months their growth can be retarded Vegetarian infants normally start on a relatively high fibre diet which suppresses digestibility causing slower growth, smaller stature and leaner body. Between 2 to 5 years they catch up with the Non-Vegetarian children.

Nutritional deficiency which pose the greatest threat to vegetarian infants are deficiency in vitamin B 12, Vitamin D, Retinol and C 20 – 22 poly unsaturated fatty acids.

12.  PREVENTION OF NUTRITIONAL DEFICIENCY IS POSSIBLE BUT DIFFICUIT

Pure vegetarian diet can supply the required nutritients and prevent most of the nutritional deficiency but it should be carefully planned, monitored and the quantity balanced along with the correct variety of vegetarian food. Such variety of vegetable food should also be available and the person should like all the required food.

In a non-vegetarian diet all this detailed meticulous planning is not required because most of the non-vegetarian food contain the required essential nutrients.

1. ISLAMIC METHOD OF SLAUGHTERING ANIMAL SEEMS RUTHLESS

People ask why do Muslims slaughter the animal in a ruthless manner by torturing it and slowly and painfully killing it?

Before giving a detailed explanation one small joke, once a Sikh asked a Muslim why do you slaughter the animal painfully by cutting the throat instead of the way we do by one stroke i.e. ”Jhatka” and the Muslim replied that we are brave and courageous and attack from the front-we are “marad ka baccha”, while you are cowards and attack from behind. This was just a joke.

2. ISLAMIC METHOD OF SLAUGHTERING ANIMALS.

“Zakkaytum” is a verb derived from the root word “zakah” (to purify). Its infinitive is Tazkiiyah, which means purification.

The Islamic mode of slaughtering on animal requires the following conditions to be made:

I. Animal slaughtered with sharp object (knife) Al Shaddad Bin Aous has quoted this tradition of the Holy Prophet (P.B.U.H.) “God calls for mercy in everything, so be merciful when you kill and when you slaughter, sharpen your blade to relieve its pain”.

II. Cut the wind pipe, throat and vessels of neck

Zabiha is an Arabic word, which means slaughtered. The slaughtering is to be done by cutting the throat, wind pipe and the jugular vein in the neck causing the animals’ death without cutting the spinal cord.

III. Blood should be drained out:

The blood has to be drained completely before the head is removed. The purpose is to drain out most of the blood, which would serve as a good culture medium for micro organisms. The spinal cord must not be cut because the nerve fibres to the heart could be damaged during the process causing cardiac arrest, stagnating the blood in the blood vessels…

3. BLOOD IS A GOOD MEDIA OF GERMS AND BACTERIA

Blood is a good media of germs bacteria, toxins etc. therefore the Muslim way of slaughtering is more hygienic as most of the blood is drained out.

4. MEAT REMAINS FRESH FOR A LONGER TIME

Due to deficiency of blood in the meat, meat slaughtered by the Islamic way remains fresh for a longer time as compared to other methods of slaughtering

5. ANIMAL DOESN’T FEEL PAIN

The swift cutting of vessels of the neck disconnects the flow of blood of the nerve of the brain. Thus, the animal does not feet the pain while dying. The animal while dying struggles; writhes shakes and kicks not due to pain but due to the flow of blood out of the body.

6. MANY DISEASES TRANSMITTED BY MEAT CAN BE PREVENTED BY ‘ZABIHA’

Thus by slaughtering the animal by the Islamic method, Zabiha and There by removing most of the blood from the animal’s body, many diseases which are acquired by eating non-vegetarian food can be prevented since the media for transmission of such diseases is blood which contains toxins, bacteria, germs, etc.

7. WHY ISLAMIC METHOD OF SLAUGHTERING ANIMALS IS BETTER? A SCIENTIFIC REASON

Many allegations have been made that Islamic slaughter is not humane to animals. However, Professor Schultz and his colleague Dr. Hazim of the Hanover University, Germany, proved through an experiment, using an electroencephalograph (EEG) and electrocardiogram (ECG) that *Islamic slaughter is THE humane method of slaughter* and captive bolt stunning, practiced by the Western method, causes severe pain to the animal. The results surprised many.

Experimental Details:

1. Several electrodes were surgically implanted at various points of the skull of all animals, touching the surface of the brain. 

2. The animals were allowed to recover for several weeks. 

3. Some animals were slaughtered by making a swift, deep incision with a sharp knife on the neck cutting the jugular veins and carotid Arteries of both sides; as also the trachea and esophagus Halal Method. 

4. Some animals were stunned using a captive bolt
pistol humane slaughter by the western method. 

5. During the experiment, EEG and ECG were recorded
 on all animals to record the condition of the brain
and heart during the course of slaughter and stunning.

Results and Discussion: I – Halaal Method

1. The first three seconds from the time of Islamic slaughter as recorded on the EEG did not show any change from the graph before slaughter, thus indicating that the animal did not
feel any pain during or immediately after the incision. 

2. For the following 3 seconds, the EEG recorded a condition
of deep sleep – unconsciousness. This is due to a large
quantity of blood gushing out from the body. 

3. After the above mentioned 6 seconds, the EEG recorded
zero level, showing no feeling of pain at all. 

4. As the brain message (EEG) dropped to zero level, the heart was still pounding and the body convulsing vigorously (a reflex action of the spinal cord) driving maximum blood from the body: resulting in hygienic meat for the consumer. 

II – Western method by C.B.P. Stunning

1. The animals were apparently unconscious soon after stunning. 

2. EEG showed severe pain immediately after stunning. 

3. The hearts of the animal stunned by C.B.P. stopped beating earlier as compared to those of the animals slaughtered according to the Halaal method resulting in the retention of more blood in the meat. This in turn is unhygienic for the consumer. 

7. HYGIENIC CONDITIONS AND COOKING MEAT WELL

Most of the diseases that are transmitted through meat can be easily prevented by adopting hygienic conditions and cooking the meat very well, which destroys the ova, germs and bacteria.

8. PORK THE CAUSE OF SEVERAL DISEASES IS PROHIBITED BY ISLAM

Eating pork the flesh of swine causes many dangerous diseases. Certain ova present in pork cannot be destroyed under normal cooking conditions. Pork itself is a cause of no less than 70 different diseases including schaemic heart diseases. This is one of the several reasons why pork is prohibited in Islam. According to the Glorious Qur’ān:

Allah says in Surah Al- Baqarah Chapter no.2 verse no.173 (2:173)

“He has only forbidden you, dead meat, and blood, and the flesh of swine, and that on which any other name has been invoked besides that of Allah.”

In Surah Al-Ma’idah Chapter no.5 verse 3(5:3)

“Forbidden to you (for food) are: dead meat, blood, the flesh of swine, and that on which has been invoked the name of other than Allah: That which has been killed by strangling, or by a violent blow or by a headlong fall, or by being gored to death; That which has been (partly) eaten by a wild animal; Unless you are able to slaughter it (in due form), that which is sacrificed on stone (altars); (Forbidden) also is the division (of meat) by raffling with arrows: that is impiety. This day have those who reject faith given up all hope of your religion: yet fear them not but fear Me. This day have I Perfected your religion for you, completed My favour upon you, and have chosen for you Islam as your religion. But if any is forced by hunger, with no inclination to transgression, Allah is indeed Oft-Forgiving Most Merciful.”

In Surah A’naam Chapter no.6 verse 145 (6:145)

“Say: I find not in the Message received by me by inspiration any (meat) forbidden to be eaten by one who wishes to eat it, unless it be dead meat, or blood poured forth, or the flesh of swine for it is an abomination or what is impious (meat) on which a name has been invoked other than Allah’s but (even so), if a person is forced by necessity, without willful disobedience, nor transgressing due limits-your Lord is Oft-Forgiving Most Merciful.”

In Surah Nahl Chapter no.76 verse 115 (16:115)

“He has only forbidden you dead meat and blood, and the flesh of swine, and any (food) over which the name of other than Allah has been invoked. But if one is forced by necessity, without willful disobedience, nor transgressing due limits – then Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.”

5. EATING IN EXCESS IS PROHIBITED:

The Glorious Qur’ān mentions in Surah Taha chapter 20 verse 81 (20:81):

(Saying): “Eat of the good things We have provided for your sustenance, but commit no excess therein, lest My Wrath should justly descend on you: and those on whom descends My Wrath do perish indeed.”

Eating in excess is prohibited in Islam. This in itself is a preventive measure for several diseases.

6PREVENTION IS BETTER THAN CURE:

By following Islamic guide-lines, most of the diseases caused by eating non-vegetarian food can be prevented.     

1. Islamic method of slaughtering the animal and letting the blood flow of its body

2. Maintaining hygienic conditions and cooking the food very well.

3. Abstaining from eating pork

4. Abstaining form eating in excess.

7. WATER SHOULD BE PURIFIED AND NOT PROHIBITED IF DISEASES CAN BE TRANSMITTED

Several diseases can be transmitted through water such as

I.   Cholera

II.  Typhoid

III. para-Typhoid

IV. Bacillary Dysentery

V.  Ameabiosis

VI. Giardiasis

VII.  Round Worm

VIII   Thread Worm

IX.    WhipWom

X.     Viral hepatitis

XI.    Polio Myelitis

XII.   And several other

The solution for preventing these diseases is not to prohibit the drinking of water but to purify the water. Similarly eating non-vegetarian food should not be prohibited but proper preventive measures should be taken.

8. NON-VEGETARIAN FOOD IS NOT THE ONLY CAUSE OF SCHAEMIC HEART DISEASES

Increased fat and cholesterol in the diet leads to its depositions on the walls of the blood vessels causing schaemic heart disease IHD. Non-vegetarian food is rich in cholesterol but is not the only cause of IHD. There are several vegetarian food such as ghee butter, cashewnut, groundnut, coconut, groundnut oil, coconut oil, which are rich in cholesterol, also cause schaemic heart diseases. The statement of Dr. Nemichand that no vegetarian food of any kind has cholesterol is a big hoax. Such deliberate statements are made by crusaders of vegetarianism to mislead the general public. Even the educated house wife is aware that ghee, coconut oil, groundnut oil are also the cause of IHD. No wonder brands such as saflola oil are advertised in the media that they are free from causes of heart diseases

9. EGG IS RICH IN CHOLESTROL BUT NOT THE ONLY THING RESPONSIBLE

Eggs are rich in cholesterol. Recent studies indicate that the chief villain in raising serum cholesterol is not the cholesterol in our diets but rather the saturated fats which are mainly found in the animal fat such as lard and butter, and in coconut oil, etc.

Research also shows that about 2/3rd of the population experiences only a small increase in blood cholesterol after consuming high levels of dietary cholesterol. In these cholesterol non-responder the liver compensates for increase in dietary cholesterol by cutting back on its own cholesterol production. As a result the total amount of cholesterol reaching the blood stream remains the same. Only if you are a cholesterol responder, you will have to restrict your egg yolk consumption. Others can easily have one or two eggs daily without any problem.

10. PORK IS THE MAJOR CAUSE AMONGST NON-VEGETARIANS FOOD FOR IHD

Pork is the major cause amongst Non-vegetarians for IHD. Pork has more of fat building material than muscle building material. These fat get deposited on the walls of the blood vessels causing atherosclerosis and thus IHD. Thanks god Eating of pork is prohibited in Islam.

The real reason for the cause of IHD is the fried egg and bacon breakfast, which is very popular in America. It is not the cholesterol in the egg but the saturated fat in bacon and the bacon grease or butter that the eggs are fried in.

11. ALCOHOL AND SMOKING IS ONE OF THE MAJOR CAUSES OF IHD

Consumption of alcohol and tobacco, including smoking, all of which are vegetarian products are the major causes of IHD.

Studies conducted amongst the Americans showed that IHD was more prevalent in non-vegetarian than vegetarians. One of the main reasons was the associate factors of the vegetarians in America. Many of whom abstain from alcohol and cigarette smoking.

Both alcohol and cigarette smoking are prohibited in Islam

12. OBESITY IS PRESENT IN BOTH VEGETARIANS AND NON-VEGETARIANS FOOD.

It is false propaganda to say that obesity is mainly caused by non-vegetarian food. The cause of obesity is over eating a diet rich in fat. Thus, obesity is found both in vegetarians and non-vegetarians. It is commonly also seen that some pure vegetarians consume a lot of butter, ghee and oil, all of which are rich in fat.

13. EXCESSIVE MEAT EATING CAUSES CANCER OF COLON

One of the causes for cancer of the colon is excessive eating of meat along with less intake of fibrous food. Fibres help in movement of food in the intestine. Cellulose present in vegetables cannot be digested in the human body due to tack of cellulose enzyme, which is present in all herbivorous animals. These undigested fibres help in the passage of food through the intestine and also prevents constipation.

The main cause of cancer of the colon is not the meat in the diet but lack of fibres to prevent cancer of colon. The diet need not be meat free but instead has to be rich in fibrous food. Another very important cause of cancer is consumption of alcohol chewing of tobacco and smoking cigarettes.

Along with the seventh day Adventists most of whom abstain from smoking and drinking alcohol, the incidence of cancer of colon was low, but the proportion was the same in vegetarians and non-vegetarians.

CONCLUSION

STATEMENT OF AMERICAN COUNCIL ON 
SCIENCE AND HEALTH

i. According to the American Council on Science and Health “it is not necessary to give up meat and become a vegetarian to enjoy the benefits of a healthy diet.

ii. Young people who become vegetarian for ethical or environmental reasons may also be placing their health at risk. Often, these young vegetarians lack the knowledge and motivation needed to plan healthful vegetarian meals.

iii. According to Worslay  “Healthy eating requires moderation and informed choice. It should not be necessary to totally eliminate a particular food group to sustain good health. Human kind has survived on an omnivorous diet since its origin and premature death is more closely linked to accidental death than to eating meat”.

2. TOPIC IS NOT WHETHER VEGETARIAN OR NON-VEGETARIAN FOOD IS HEALTHIER

The topic is not whether vegetarian or Non-vegetarian food is healthier but it is “Is Non-Vegetarian food permitted or prohibited for a human being”.

3. NO KIND OF PROHIBITION ON EATING NON-VEGETARIAN FOOD AND ALL MISCONCEPTIONS HAVE BEEN CLARIFIED

(a) I have refuted and clarified all the misconceptions of the so-called possible reasons and arguments for the prohibition of Non-vegetarian food for a human being.

Who has a right to put a prohibition on food habits of human beings? In Islam it is Creator Almighty God. Non-Muslim may add the government for the welfare of its people or an authentic medical health organisation based on established scientific medical facts.

(b) NO MAJOR RELIGION’S PROHIBITION:

All the major religions of the world permit the consumption of lawful non-vegetarian food in general and cattle in particular. There is no prohibition from a single major religion of the world on eating non-vegetarian food.

(c) NO GOVERNMENT HAS PROHIBITED NON-VEGETARIAN.

I do not know of a single government out of the hundreds of countries in the world irrespective of their beliefs, race, caste, creed they may belong to has ever prohibited non-vegetarian food in general.

(d) NO AUTHENTIC MEDICAL HEALTH ORGANISATION HAS PROHIBITED NON-VEGETARIAN

I do not know of a single authentic medical health organisation, which has banned all non-vegetarian food in general due to, established scientific. Medical facts. I do not base my conclusions done by crusaders of vegetarianism.

There is not a single authentic medical book, which is considered as an authentic reference book for medical studies like Harrison makes a statement that all Non­ vegetarian food in general, i.e. food of animal products should be prohibited for all human beings in the world. I am not referring to books likeMeat eating 100 faults” by Dr Nemichand or “Vegetarian or Non-vegetarian”- choose yourself. written by Gopinath Agarwal, which will put to shame even a pragmatic vegetarian nor diet books which are not based on scientific facts.

4. SALIENT POINTS WHY NON-VEGETARIAN FOOD IS PERMITTED FOR HUMAN BEINGS:

Not a single major religion prohibits all non-vegetarian food in general

Now emerges a pertinent question if he Hindu scriptures sanctify the beef eating, On what ground are some people stirring an agitation against cow-slaughtering and beef-eating?

I fail to understand on what ground they claim that there is not provision of beef eating in the Hindu religious books.

If Manu did not recognise cow slaughtering as a sin, on what ground do his followers claim it as a sin? This is the question the Hindus should ask their so-called religious leaders.

What would the Eskimos living in the Arctic regions eat where edible vegetation is hardly found?

If all life is sacred then why kill plants, which also have life?

Plants can even feel pain.

Killing a non-human living creature of two senses less is not a lesser crime.

Sacrificing one animal life is better than 100 plant’s lives

Whether milk is non-vegetarian is debatable.   

Even animals feel pain while milking.

If animals are not created for food then drinking milk is robbing the milk meant for the calves.

If plants can be grown for food then why can’t animal be raised for food?

Human being have omnivorous set of teeth for eating both vegetarian food as well as non-vegetarian food.

Human beings can digest both vegetarian as well as non-vegetarian food.

Primitive man was non-Vegetarian.

Meat protein doesn’t cause scarcity of edible vegetable protein.

Raising animals for food doesn’t cause scarcity of land for agriculture.

It is wrong to assume that if we have meat of the cattle we are deprived of its milk. We can have both meat as well as the milk of the cattle.

If cattle is not slaughtered for food then there will be over population of cattle.

Vegetables are not always cheaper than non-vegetarian food.

Even if non-vegetarian is more expensive there is no harm in paying more money for good quality food.

Protein of non-vegetarian is biologically a complete protein and of a higher quality.

All essential fatty acids are present in meat

Non-vegetarian contains more Haem iron, which is more easily absorbed.

Non-Veg food also contains vitamin B 12, Zinc and Iodine.

Egg is a nutrient dense food

Prevention of nutritional deficiency is possible in Vegetarian food but it should be planned and regulated very carefully and meticulously.

Many diseases transmitted through blood can be prevented in Non-Veg food by slaughtering the animals in the Islamic way and letting the blood flow out.

Maintaining the hygienic conditions and cooking meat well can prevent several diseases

Abstaining from pork can prevent several diseases.

Food rich in fat irrespective whether vegetarian or non-vegetarian causes IHD.

Egg is rich in cholesterol but is not solely the cause of IHD

According to ACSH it is not necessary to give up meat and become a vegetarian to enjoy the benefits of healthy life.

No government in the world has banned all non-vegetarian food in general.

No authentic medical book has prohibited all non-vegetarian food in general.

Now I ask these so-called Hindu religious leaders whether the Vedas are untrue, Are the Srnritis bogus? Are the Purans and the Mahabbarat sets of false illustrations? If yes, will they like to tell which is their religious book? If they do not falsify their religious scriptures, mentioned above, then why are they ridiculing their own religious books? I want to seek the answer of this question from the so-called protectors of Hinduism. Will they?

In the life of the followers of a religion, religious injunctions play very important role. If the Vedas and other Hindu religious books sanctify the beef eating. Where is the room for its opposition? Does the opposition of beef eating not show clumsiness? They must accept the truth they should go into the depth why the cow was made to be esteemed as mother, while the Vedas and other Hindu scriptures sanctify its sacrifice and beef eating

5. ANSWER ALL 38 POINTS TO PROVE THAT NON-VEGETARIAN IS PERMITTED

All the above 38 points prove that non-vegetarian is permitted and not prohibited for a human being.

6. Every movement has its background and a sound logic. The movement, which is started on false notions, commands neither the respect nor the support

7. I AM NOT A FANATIC OR IDEOLOGICAL NON-VEGETARIAN

I am not a fanatic or ideological non-vegetarian but a pragmatic non-vegetarian. Even if you does not reply to all the 38 points I will not compel you to become a non- vegetarian. But I would surely request you that never ever to mention again that Non-Vegetarian food is prohibited in general for human beings and secondly not to distribute and promote such unauthentic, illogical thoughts and literatures.

  

Islamic Ruling about Yoga

Question: Is it permissible for us as Muslims to practice yoga, as it is originally a kind of Hindu worship?

Answer:

Praise be to Allaah.

Firstly: 

There are differences of opinion among contemporary scholars on the ruling on practising yoga. Some of them are of the view that it is not allowed at all, others are of the view that it is permissible without any reservations. Yet others differentiated between some of its practices and others; they allowed those that are in accordance with shari‘ah and forbade those that are contrary to it. 

None of them denied – as far as we know – that the origin of this practice stems from idolatrous Hindu beliefs then Buddhism. Hence those who allow it in all cases took away from it anything that has to do with beliefs and spiritual matters, and passed the ruling on it on the basis that it is regarded as physical exercise. Those who forbade it did so because of its religious origins and the resemblance to those idol worshippers, and because of the harm it causes to the body, and other reasons. As for those who differentiate between one type and another, their opinion is not acceptable because it is not possible to eliminate the bad and because people are not able to distinguish between what is permissible and what is forbidden in it. 

So it is both spiritual and physical exercise which was originally aimed at reaching oblivion and entering into a state of connection with God!

In the book al-Yoga wa’l-Tanaffus (yoga and breathing) by Muhammad ‘Abd al-Fattaah Faheem (p. 19), it says: 

“Yoga in the sacred Indian language means union and contact with God, i.e., union between the body, the mind and God which helps man attain knowledge and wisdom and develops his thought by developing his knowledge of life; it protects him from sectarianism, religious fanaticism, narrowmindedness and shortsightedness when searching; it makes him live a life of contentment both physically and spiritually.” 

In al-Mu‘jam al-Falsafi by Jameel Sulayba (2/590) it says:

“Yoga is a Sanskrit word which means union; it is used to refer to a kind of spiritual exercise that is practised by the wise men of India for the purpose of union with the universal spirit. Yoga is not a school of philosophical thought; rather it is an artistic way of doing some exercises that release the soul from physical and mental gravity and take it step-by-step towards reality. The Yogi is the wise man who practices this way.” End quote.

Both quotes taken from Mazaahirat al-Tashabbuh bi’l-Kuffaar fi’l-‘Asr al-Hadeeth wa Atharuha ‘ala al-Muslimeen.

In the definition of Yoga we see that it means union, i.e., union of man with the spirit, which is the universal spirit, by which they mean God. Hence the aim of this practice is to be a way of combining all other religions. Dr Ahmad Shalabi – who is a specialist in the religions of India – says:

“The union of Buddha with the Hindu gods is nothing but a return to belief in ‘Jnana Yoga’ i.e., the ‘path of knowledge’ which sees truth in all religions and philosophies. But this truth is only a particle of the greater, complete truth. This school of thought does not object to any religion or philosophy; it thinks that any religion or philosophy is not everything and is not the whole truth. The one who believes in this way of thinking does not belong to any religion or school of thought, because he regards the followers of all different religions as his brothers, no matter how they differ. So Jnana Yoga is a way that encompasses all beliefs and refuses to be restricted by any of them. We should highlight the fact that propagating and promoting this way of thinking is aimed at fighting Islam indirectly. I have seen these attempts in several countries. Islam is the force that defeated both Christian and Buddhist missionaries, so if they can manage to divert people in one way or another – even in the name of Jnana Yoga that encompasses all beliefs and does not restrict itself to any one of them – that is a great victory for them. After they have managed to divert the Muslim from Islam at the end of this smart trick, then it is possible to make him doubt and then pull him into another sphere. So let the Muslim beware of Yoga and its trickery and those who promote it.” [Adyaan al-Hind al-Kubra , p. 174]

We think that forbidding it altogether is the correct approach. We have studied the words of many concerning this practice, and we have decided to sum up the comments on it from a book that deals specifically with the ruling on this practice, by a writer whom we trust with regard to his methodology and beliefs; he is a doctor who knows what he is saying when he criticises it even from a health point of view. This writer is Dr Faaris ‘Alwaan and his book is called al-Yoga fi Mizaan al-Naqd al-‘Ilmi , which was published in Cairo. Everything that we will quote below is from this book, but it should be noted that we cannot quote everything that it says in the book. Hence we will limit it to a definition of this practice and the discussion of the Islamic ruling on it; whoever wants to know more may refer to the book.

Secondly:

What is Yoga?

Yoga means union; one of its prominent teachers says that it is union of man with the spirit.
Yoga involves various exercises and rituals, but the most important and most famous of them is an exercise called Surya Namaskar [known in English as the “Sun Salutation”], which means in Sanskrit: “prostration to the sun on eight parts of the body”. And they defined these parts as the two feet, the two knees, the two hands, the chest and the forehead.

It is preferable for the one who practices yoga to be naked, especially the chest, back and thighs; to face the sun when it is rising and when it is setting if he wants Yoga that is sound and beneficial; and to fix his gaze and focus his attention on the disc of the sun, and be attached to it completely, which includes his body, his faculties, his mind and his heart. If he is in a built-up area and cannot see the sun, he is allowed to draw the disc of the sun in front of him on the wall. One of them said: If the one who is practising yoga is a believer in a religion and is concerned about committing an act of disbelief, there is nothing wrong with him drawing any image in front of him and focusing on it completely!

Yoga also includes pondering one’s body deeply and thinking of and examining every part of the body, starting with the toes and going up to the head when waking up and before getting up from one’s bed, and doing the opposite, from the head down to the toes just before sleeping, and it is not allowed to forget or be distracted from this important task!

Whoever wants to benefit from yoga should also be vegetarian.

And he has to repeat specific words out loud whilst doing these exercises. These words are called mantras, the most famous of which are the beeja mantras, which are hram, hreem, hraim, hraum, hara. Some syllables are also repeated in yoga, such as Aum (or Om).

In addition to that, it is essential to repeat the twelve names of the sun, because this is a major and important part of Yoga.

Names of the sun include:

Rafanama, which means, “I bow my head to you, O one whom everyone praises.”

Suryanama, which means, “I bow my head to you, O guide of all.”

Bahaanafinama, which means, “I bow my head to you, O bestower of beauty.”

Safeetarnama, which means, “I bow my head to you, O bestower of life” etc.

And they claim that this repetition is very beneficial.

One of those who practices yoga says that he wakes up at 3.30 a.m. and continues practising yoga and offering its special prayers until 6:15 a.m. And in the evening he does the same thing from 6 p.m. until 6:30 p.m.

Thus he spends three and a quarter hours every day practising yoga, and he says that some of them spend more time than that, claiming that the more time they spend on it the more beneficial it is. [Al-Yoga fi Mizaan al-Naqd al-‘Ilmi , p. 13-18]

Thirdly:

The Islamic ruling on practising yoga

To sum up, it is not permissible for the Muslim to practice yoga at all, whether he does it on the basis of belief or imitating others, or because he is seeking a particular so-called benefit. That is due to a number of reasons which we may conclude from what is mentioned above, and which we will sum up as follows:

1. Because Yoga is contrary to Tawheed and involves associating other deities with Allah, may He be exalted, and because it involves prostrating to the sun and repeating its names.

Allah says (interpretation of the meaning):

“Say (O Muhammad): I am commanded only to worship Allaah (Alone) and not to join partners with Him” [al-Ra‘d 13:36]

“If you join others in worship with Allâh, (then) surely (all) your deeds will be in vain, and you will certainly be among the losers”
[al-Zumar 39:65].

2. Because it involves imitation of idol worshippers and resembling them, and the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said: “Whoever imitates a people is one of them.” Narrated by Ahmad, Abu Dawood and al-Tabaraani from Ibn ‘Umar (may Allah be pleased with him).

3. Because some of its practices are harmful to most people and lead to serious health consequences for them. Some of its practices involve sitting in a very strange and shameful way, and sitting in a lazy way, oblivious to what is going on around one. This is also harmful from a health and psychological point of view. The Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said: “There should be neither harming nor reciprocating harm.” Narrated by Ahmad and Ibn Maajah from Ibn ‘Abbaas (may Allah be pleased with him).

4. Because it is a waste of time doing something that does not bring anything but harm and loss in this world, and calamity and despair in the Hereafter. The trustworthy Messenger (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said: “A person’s feet will not move on, on the Day of Resurrection, until he has been asked about four things: his life and how he spent it, his knowledge and what he did with it, his wealth and from where he acquired it and on what he spent it, and his body and how he used it.” Narrated by al-Tirmidhi from Abu Barzah.

5. Because it is a clear call to imitate animals and detracts from human dignity, such as: adopting nakedness, resting on all fours in most of the exercises (Surya Namaskar or sun salutation) and the special posture in the third and eighth exercises.

6. Because many of those who tried to practice what is called scientific yoga or behavioural therapy fell into the pit of drugs and addiction, and this remedy has been proven to be ineffective and of no benefit.

7. Because it is based on lies and charlatanry; its promoters rely on deceit and twisting the facts in spreading it. Thus it attracted the attention of a large number of those who are simple-natured and many of those who are weak in faith.

8. Because a few of those who practice yoga or some other esoteric or deviant trends may perform extraordinary feats, people are deceived by it. But in most cases they are only using devils among the jinn as in the case of magic and so on, and this is haraam according to Islam.

9. Most of the advice given by the promoters of yoga is harmful to the individual, including the following:

(a) Nakedness and what it causes of cultural, sexual, psychological and physical diseases.

(b) Exposing the skin to the sun. We have seen the harm that this causes, especially when there is lengthy exposure to the sun.

(c) Fixing the gaze on the disc of the sun, which causes severe damage to the eyes.

(d) Encouraging a vegetarian diet for which Allah has not revealed any authority. [Al-Yoga fi Mizan al-Naqd al-‘Ilmi, p. 84-86]

And Allah knows best.

From islamqa.

Refuting Polytheism – the multiple god Theory.

One of the many common questions that were asked was “If God does exist what reasons do we have to believe He is one?” This question is important as it addresses a fundamental concept in Islamic theology, the concept of oneness. The oneness of God, in Arabic Tawhid, is a central theme in the Qur’an and a message of all of the Prophets, the Qur’an eloquently describes the nature of God and His oneness in the 112th chapter,

Say: He is Allah, the One and Only;
Allah, the Eternal, Absolute;
He begetteth not, nor is He begotten;
And there is none like unto Him.

The Quran reminds us of the falsity of all alleged gods. To the worshippers of man-made objects, it asks:

“Do you worship what you have carved yourself?” [37:95]

Which means instead of Allah do you worship idols which you yourselves carve and fashion with your own hands.

Islam also rejects characterizing God in any human form or depicting Him as favoring certain individuals or nations on the basis of wealth, power or race. The Creator must be of a different nature from the things created because if he is of the same nature as they are, he will be temporal and will therefore need a maker. It follows that nothing is like Him. If the maker is not temporal, then he must be eternal. But if he is eternal, he cannot be caused, and if nothing outside him causes him to continue to exist, which means that he must be self-sufficient. And if the does not depend on anything for the continuance of his own existence, then this existence can have no end. The Creator is therefore eternal and everlasting: “He is the First and the Last.”

Now, Logic necessitates that if there were more than one God who created the universe it would be in chaos and there would not be the level of order we find in the cosmos. Had there been more than one God or partners in Godhead, there would have been serious differences, conflicts and wars among the different sovereigns and rulers. However one may point out that a car is made by more than one creator, one person fitted the wheels, and someone else installed the engine and another person the computer system. So from this example there can be more than one creator with the created thing still able to exhibit order and stability.

Now, In order to respond to this contention what has to be understood is that the best explanation for the origins of the universe is the concept of God and not ‘designer’ or ‘creator’. There may be a possibility of multiple designers or creators, as highlighted by the car example, but there cannot be more than one God. This is because God by definition is the being that has an unlimited imposing will, if there were two or more Gods that would mean that they would have a competition of wills and that would result in chaos and disorder. However one may argue that they can agree to have the same will or each have their own domain, but that would mean that their wills are now limited and passive, which would mean they are not Gods anymore by definition!

This is explained well by Ibn Abi Al-Izz in his commentary of ‘Aqeedah at-Tahawiyyah’:

“The most common argument they advance is known as the argument of exclusion. This argument runs like this. If there were two creators and they disagreed about something, such as one wanted to move X, whereas the other did not want it to moved, or one wanted to make Y a living being, whereas the other wanted to make it lifeless, then, logically speaking, there are only three possibilities. First, the wills of the two are both carried out; second, only the will of one of them is carried out; third, the will of neither of them is carried. The first case is not possible because it requires the existence of contraries. The third possibility is also ruled out because it would imply that a body is neither moving nor not moving and this is impossible. This would also imply that both of them are incapable or carrying out their wills, which would disqualify them from being God. Finally, if the will of one is realised and not that of the other, he alone will deserve to be God and the one whose will is not realised cannot be considered God.”

Now lets take a look at few Qur’anic verses:

Allah has not taken any son, nor has there ever been with Him any deity. [If there had been], then each deity would have taken what it created, and some of them would have sought to overcome others. Exalted is Allah above what they describe [concerning Him]. (23:91)

Had there been more than one God or partners in Godhead, there would have been serious differences, conflicts and wars among the different sovereigns and rulers. Allah declares Himself to be above having any child or partner in dominion, control and worship. [No son did Allah beget, nor is there any god along with Him. (If there had been many gods), then each god would have taken away what he had created, and some would have tried to overcome others.] meaning, if it were decreed that there should be a plurality of deities, each of them would have exclusive control over whatever he had created, so there would never be any order in the universe. But what we see is that the universe is ordered and cohesive, with the upper and lower realms connected to one another in the most perfect fashion. You can see no fault in the creation of the Most Gracious. Moreover, if there were a number of gods, each of them would try to subdue the other with enmity, and one would prevail over the other. This has been mentioned by the scholars of `Ilm-ul-Kalam, who discussed it using the evidence of mutual resistance or counteraction. This idea states that if there were two or more creators, one would want to make a body move while the other would want to keep it immobile, and if neither of them could achieve what they wanted, then both would be incapable, but the One Whose existence is essential i.e., Allah cannot be incapable. It is impossible for the will of both to be fulfilled because of the conflict. This dilemma only arises when a plurality of gods is suggested, so it is impossible for there to be such a plurality, because if the will of one is fulfilled and not the other, the one who prevails will be the one whose existence is essential (i.e., God) and the one who is prevailed over will be merely possible (i.e., he is not divine), because it is not befitting for the one to be defeated whose existence is essential. {Tafsir ibn Kathir}

In another verse of Qur’an we read:

Say, [O Muhammad], “If there had been with Him [other] gods, as they say, then they [each] would have sought to the Owner of the Throne a way.” (17:42)

That is, “They would have themselves tried their best to become masters of the Throne”. This is because if there had been more than one partners in Godhead, it would produce one of the two results:

(1) If they were all independent gods, it was not conceivable that they would agree and co-operate with one another in the management of the boundless universe and there could never have been unanimity, uniformity and balanced proportion in its functioning. There would have been conflict at every step and everyone would have tried to dominate others in order to become its sole master. or,

(2) if one of them had been the supreme god and the others his obedient servants whom he had delegated some of his powers, then, according to the maxim “power corrupts”, they would never have been content with remaining obedient servants of the supreme god and would have conspired to become the supreme god themselves.

Whereas the fact is that in this universe not even a grain of wheat or a blade of grass can grow unless and until everything in the earth and the heavens cooperate with one another for its production. Therefore, only an utterly ignorant and block headed person can conceive that there are more than one independent or semi-independent rulers, who carry on the management of this universe. Anyone who has tried to understand the nature and functioning of the universe will most surely arrive at the conclusion that there is One and only One Sovereign ruling over this universe, and there is absolutely no likelihood of any one else to be a co-partner in this at any stage.

In another Qur’anic verse we read that:

Had there been within the heavens and earth gods besides Allah , they both would have been ruined. So exalted is Allah , Lord of the Throne, above what they describe. (21:22)

This concise sentence contains two arguments:

(1) The obviously simple argument is that no institution, no household, not to speak of the vast universe containing multitudes of countless distant stars, can function smoothly and properly, if it has two masters.

(2) The deeper argument is that the system of the whole universe, including that of the earth, is functioning according to a universal law. It could not work so even for a moment, if there had been no proper proportion, balance, harmony and coordination between the different powers and countless things. This is a clear proof that there is a universal and all-powerful law and system which binds and forces these powers and things to co-operate and coordinate between themselves with a perfect proportion and harmony and this could not have happened if there had been different independent rulers. The existence of such a system is itself a clear proof that there must be One All-Powerful Manager and Administrator governing and ruling the whole universe. That is, “The Sovereign of the whole universe.”

So,that’s it Folks!! There can not be more than one God.There is only one God i.e., ALLAH ALMIGHTY!!

Lā ilāha illā-llāh, Muḥammadur Rasūlu-llāh [ لا إله إلا الله محمد رسول الله ]

Refutation of the Belief of Reincarnation

[Allama’  Muhammad Idris Saheb Kandhlavi  (Rahmatullahi  Alayh)]

Just  like  the  Philosophers  and  the  atheists,  the  Brahmans  and  Hindu  also  refute  the  concept  of  resurrection.  However,  the Brahmans  and  Hindus  have  another  strange  belief.  They  say  that  there  is  no  such  thing  as Qiyaamah,  but  they  aver  that  after  death  the souls  change into  different forms.  They  say  that  the  souls  of  good people are  transformed  into  good bodies  and the souls  of evil  characters  are  transformed  into  bad  bodies,  like  dogs,  cats,  scorpions,  etc.,  etc.  This changing  of  bodies  by  the  souls  is  known  as  reincarnation.
Ahle-Islaam  say  that  this  belief  of  reincarnation  is  spurious  and  illogical.  The  reason  being  that  it  is  necessary  for  reward  or  punishment  that  the soul  be  made  aware  of  the  transgression  that  it  had  committed.  When  a  soul  knows  the  transgression  it  had  made  then  it  can in  future  abstain  therefrom  or  at  least  others  will  be  forewarned  thereof.  By  reincarnation,  the  soul  is  none  the  wiser  regarding  its  sin.  It  is  common  knowledge  that  if  a  person  lived  in  a  certain  village  for  many  years,  then  after  moving  to  another  village,  he  will  have  memories  of  his  previous  village,  in  that  he will  relate  to  others  regarding it.  So  now  the  Pundit  (Hindu  priest),  who  according to  his  own philosophy  has  lived  a  previous  (good!)  life  is  now  in  the  form  of  his  present  body,  but  he  cannot  relate  any  part  of  his  past  life  He  says  nothing,  nor  does  his  queen.  It  is  very  possible  that  in  the  previous  life  his  present  wife  was  his  mother,  sister  or  even  daughter! 

Or  maybe  Mahatma  or  Pundit  saheb  was  in  the  previous  life  the  father  of  this  girl  (present  wife)  and  now  he  comes  as  the  husband!  A  person  does  not  even  forget  a  dream  as  much  as  the  Pundit  saheb  forgot  of  his  70  odd  years  of  (previous)  life.  It  is  obvious  that  he  was  not  here in  a  previous  life.  This  sojourn of  his  life  is  the  first  on  earth  and  after  death  he  will  be  cremated  only  to  be  brought  in  to  the  second  stage  of   existence  (Barzakh),  and then  before  Allaah  Ta’ala. 

Even the  philosophers  regard  the   concept  of  reincarnation  as  being  stupid  and  illogical.

A Response to Sakshi Maharaj’s Suggestion of ‘Muslim Cremation’

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A Brother has posed a brilliant response to the Indian Pandit’s moronic suggestion of “Muslim Cremation”, here is what he has to say:

SAKSHI MAHARAJ NE KAHA: MUSALMAN KO BHI MARNE KE BAAD JALAYA KARO KYUN KI 20 crore MUSALMANO KE LIYE HINDUSTAN MEIN ZAMEEN NAHI…

(Translation: Sakshi Maharaj said, “Muslims too should cremate their dead because India doesn’t have land for 20 crore Muslims i.e. for burials…”)
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My Counter-Question is:
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100 CRORE Hindu bhaiyon ko Bhi Dafnaya karo. kyu Ki Zameen toh Bohat badi hai lekin Lakkdi nahi hai hindustan mai… Naxalwaadi lakkdi lene nahi denge..

(Translation: Even 100 Crore Hindus too should bury their dead, because land might be vast but wooden logs are less in India…. The Naxalwaadis won’t provide the logs for Cremation)

STOP DEFORESTATION ..
SAVE TREES
SAVE PLANT
SAVE WOOD..
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..
SAVE OXYGEN
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..
..
NO TO BURN AFTER DEATH…

BUT SAKSHI..YOU CANNOT SAY “SAVE THE LAND BENEATH THE EARTH”.
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AND LET ME TELL YOU ONE THING

“FROM THE BEGINNING OF MANKIND, THE PROCESS OF BURYING OR BURNING ALWAYS EXISTED BUT NOBODY SAID THERE IS NO LAND OR THERE IS NO WOOD”.
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IF YOU BELIEVE ON RELIGIOUS ACTIVITIES THEN YOU MUST BELIEVE IN GOD TOO AND GOD IS THE ONE WHO BLESSES HIS MERCY TO LAND AND WOOD AND NOBODY CAN MEASURE THAT “”HOW LAND IS SPREADED INSIDE AND WHERE THE BODY GOES AND WHERE FROM THE WOOD COMES?””
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IT IS ALL FROM GOD… WE HAVE LAND OF 2 KANALS OF GRAVEYARD AND FROM PAST 300 YEARS BODIES ARE BEING BURIED”..CAN YOU IMAGINE HOW MANY BODIES ?? AND WE HAVE STILL THE SAME LAND AND STILL AFTER DIGGING THE LAND THERE APPEARS NO BODY”
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NOW LET ME GIVE YOU AN EXAMPLE OF MERCY OF GOD
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“THERE IS WELL IN MAKKAH SAUDI ARABIA CALLED ZAM-ZAM WELL AND ITS WATER IS CALLED AS ZAM-ZAM , well’s dimension is 18ft x 12ft x 5ft of
water depth.. AND THE PEOPLE OF MAKKAH TAKES WATER FROM IT AND DRINKS AND EVERY YEAR 100 CRORE PILGRIMS TAKES ITS WATER TO THEIR HOME COUNTRIES 10 LITRE EACH ”
AND THEIR JOURNEY TO MAKKAH IS OF 25 DAYS ONLY EXCEPT THE 5 DAYS OF HAJJ…
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NOW TELL ME WHERE DOES THIS WATER COMES FROM IN THE DESERT LAND ???
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GROW UP.

The Origins of Idolatry

[Majlisul Ulama]

“And they (the leaders of the mushrikoon) said (to their  followers): ‘Don’t ever abandon (worshipping) your gods, and don’t ever abandon (worshipping) Wadd, nor Suwaa’,  nor Yagooth, Ya’ooq and Nasr.” [Surah Nooh, Aayat 23]

These  five, viz., Wadd, Suwaa’,  Yagooth, Ya’ooq and Nasr, were  the first idols made on earth. These were the names of  righteous men – Auliya  – who  lived from the time of Nabi  Aadam (alayhis salaam) until the  age of Nabi Nooh (alayhissalaam).
They were renowned for their  worship and piety, and the people followed their teachings which they had inherited from Nabi Aadam (alayhissalaam) and  Nabi Sheeth (alayhissalaam), the  eldest son of Hadhrat Aadam  (alayhissalaam) who had become  the Nabi after Hadhrat Aadam  (alayhissalaam). 

While these Auliya were alive, all  the people were following the  one true path of the Deen. There  was no shirk, kufr or any other  religion or ideology. The people  had profound love for these  Auliya and they followed their  teachings. After they died, their  followers were grief-stricken.  There was much crying and mourning.

Shaitaan appeared in human form to the people and  presented his plot to deceive  them from Siraatul Mustaqeem  (the Straight Path). He took  advantage of their love and yearning for these Auliya, and he  prepared perfect pictures which  closely resembled these Auliya.  He convinced the people to keep  the pictures solely to refresh  their memories of their noble    Guides and to derive greater  inspiration. This would enhance  the quality of their ibaadat.

The simple folk readily fell into  this satanic trap. Initially the  pictures were not worshipped.  They were only kept and viewed  to create greater enthusiasm for    worshipping Allah Ta’ala in the  way in which these Auliya had  taught them. When the next  generation arrived, Shaitaan 
convinced the people that their predecessors used to actually worship these pictures. The arguments and interpretations of  shaitaan convinced the people  that their predecessors had actually worshipped these  pictures of the Auliya. Thus they   resorted to actually worshipping the pictures. This was the origin of idolatry.

The pictures ultimately led to the  making of stone idols. Shaitaan  again arrived and convinced the  people that a better way of  worshipping these Auliya was to  erect their likenesses in stone.  Thus, came into origin the  worship of stone images.

According to one tafseer, Wadd  was actually the title of Nabi  Sheeth (alayhissalaam). This  word means ‘love’. It was the  profound love which people had  for him that he was given this title.

Nabi Nooh (alayhissalaam) according to the Qur’aan Majeed  lived for 950 years. This was not  the average age of the people.    Allah Ta’ala had granted him this  long age. During his lifespan  several generations came and  departed from the world. Allah  Ta’ala had granted him this long  age. During his lifespan several  generations came and departed  from the world. Despite his tableegh, every successive  generation obstinately clung to  the worship of these five idols.

The Mushrikeen of Makkah had  adopted these five idols for their  worship. The tribe of Kalb had  taken to the worship of the idol  named Wadd. The tribe of Huzail  worshipped the idol Suwaa’.  The tribes of Muraad and Banu  Ghateef had adopted for their  worship the idol Yagooth while  Ya-ooq was the idol of the tribe Hamdaan. Nasr was worshipped  by the Zil Qalaa’, an offshoot of  the tribe of Humayr.

More corrupt beliefs developed  with the passage of time. Wadd  was believed to be the god of  male virility and became the god  of love. Suwaa’ was made the  god of beauty, hence the idol  was erected in the form of a  woman. Yagooth was their god  of strength and power. This idol  was therefore moulded in the  forms of a lion and a bull. The  god of speed was Ya-ooq which  was made in the form of a horse  (perhaps a horse with wings).  Nasr was believed to be the god  of powerful vision hence the  form of this idol was an eagle.  Today in India, these idols are  also worshipped generally  symbolizing the same issues. 

The original idols did not have  these forms nor were these  beliefs attached to them. These  doctrines of shirk were later  accretions which developed    among the Arab mushrikeen after  the idols were retrieved.

During the Great Deluge of Athaab (Divine Punishment)   which destroyed the people in Nabi Nooh’s time, these idols were buried under the earth, and  the Arabs of Makkah had discovered them. After unearthing them, they were set up by the  different tribes as their special deities.

After steadfastly with the greatest toleration and  perseverance engaging in  tableegh for more than nine  centuries, Allah Ta’ala informed  Hadhrat Nooh (alayhissalaam): “Never will your people accept Imaan accept those who have already believed.”, Hadhrat Nooh  (alayhissalaam) supplicated to  Allah Ta’ala invoking curses on  his mushrik nation since all hope of their reformation had now  receded into oblivion. Thus he  supplicated: 

“O My Rabb! Do not leave on earth even a single house of the kaafireen. Verily, if You should leave them, they will only mislead  your servants and give birth to  only immoral unbelievers.”     [Surah Nooh, Verses 26 and 27]

Then came the mighty and tumultuous Athaab of the Great Flood which utterly wiped out the mushrikeen. Islam’s  uncompromising stance against all forms of picture-making of animate objects and its severe prohibition are therefore readily  comprehensible. Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) said:  “The worst-punished people on  the Day of Qiyaamah will be the picture-makers.”

The story of the origin of idolatry  also illustrates the deception of  Iblees. He approaches sincere  and pious men to swerve from  Siraatul Mustaqeem with  ‘pious’  and ‘logical’ arguments. May  Allah Ta’ala save us from such  talbees of Iblees.