Category Archives: Basic Islamic Laws

TOURISM & ISLAM – A SATANIC MOCKERY OF HAJJ AND UMRAH

 INTRODUCTION

THE UMRAH TRIP

The Ramadan eve annual Umrah trip is the latest fad to catch the eyes of the Muslim elites. Thanks to the advancement of modern travel and easy availability of foreign exchange, the traffic to the Holy Land has increased manifold since the dawn of the 90’s. Notwithstanding the steep increase in airfares and hotel accommodation, some people have made such trips an annual ritual. The elite suburbs are agog with talk of who made how many umrahs.

Undoubtedly, visiting the house of Allah and performing the minor haj are excellent acts of virtue. No sane person can deny their virtues. But after performing these acts of worship once, if there are other more urgent requirements in the Muslim community, they should enjoy priority. One can soothe one’s conscience by saying how much of reward one is achieving by performing Umrah after Umrah, but if sincerity is absent, our acts of worship will be bereft of all reward. We must not shirk from drawing attention towards false notions of religiosity that inspire some Muslims to perform pilgrimages time and again.

Repentance and seeking forgiveness are indeed the hallmark of a concerned Muslim. If genuinely sought, Allah’s blessings are not denied even to the worst sinner. Sultan Salahuddin, Allamah Iqbal, Tippu Sultan, Aurangzeb and several other luminaries of Islamic history did not perform even the obligatory haj despite a burning desire for it. Their pre-occupations with administration, expansion or the conquest of Baitul Maqdis in the case of Salahuddin did not permit them to carry out the Fardh act, let alone making it a ritual.

Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) is reported to have warned his companions of a time in future when the Muslim elite would come to the Holy Places as part of a pastime, people of average means would visit for the purpose of trade, while the poor would utilize the opportunity for begging. The statement carries tacit discouragement for turning visits to holy places into a periodic ritual. If indeed this is the case, all of us must express concern at the fulfilment of this prophecy. Let not our instincts of deriving pleasure be camouflaged by such religious zeal that is without sanction from Islam. Having concern for our Muslim brothers and sisters in all parts of the world in the form of financial assistance and da’wah to revive the flagging Iman will carry infinitely superior rewards and are exceptionally greater priorities.

Published by: Madrasah Arabia Islamic – Azaadville – South Africa E Mail: darululum@webmail.co.za 

COMMENT (By Mujlisul Ulama):

While in general we are in agreement with the view expressed by Madrasah Arabia Islamia of Azaadville, and which view we shall, InshaAllah, be emphasizing in the ensuing pages, there is a need to comment on their statement:

“Sultan Salahuddin, Allamah Iqbal, Tippu Sultan, Aurangzeb and several other luminaries of Islamic history did not perform even the obligatory haj despite a burning desire for it. Their pre-occupations with administration, expansion or the conquest of Baitul Maqdis in the case of Salahuddin did not permit them to carry out the Fardh act, let alone making it a ritual.”

The subject under discussion is Tourism and Islam. Its permissibility or impermissibility is governed by Shar’i dalaa-il, not by the actions of luminaries whose deeds do not constitute such dalaa-il. The luminaries listed above, with the exclusion of Iqbal, were undoubtedly noble Islamic personalities. But their actions do not constitute daleel in the Shariah. In their opinion, due to their commitments, etc., Hajj was not Fardh on them, hence they did not undertake the sacred journey to Makkah Mukarramah.

Iqbal was a poet. The ‘Allaamah’ designation for him is inappropriate and highly misleading, especially when even Ulama appellate it to him. His expertise and accomplishment in the domain of poetry does not qualify him for the title ‘Allaamah’. It is highly misleading for Ulama to cite Iqbal in a Shar’i context.

In support of their view, the Madrasah should have cited Rasulullah (Sallallahu alayhi wasallam) who, despite being in close proximity to Makkah, had performed Hajj only once in his lifetime. Umrah per se too, was performed only once in his lifetime, and that was a Qadha Umrah. The two other Umrahs were by the way. The intention was not specifically for Umrah. Rasulullah (Sallallahu alayhi wasallam) did not undertake journeys specifically with the intention to perform the two Umrahs. This Sunnah of Rasulullah (Sallallahu alayhi wasallam) firmly rebuts the current haram holiday umrah/hajj trend. The abstention of the other noble personalities is not a daleel for arguing against these merrymaking tours deceptively dubbed with Deeni designations. There is an array of factors which renders these tours and holidays haraam. Insha-Allah, these shall be discussed in the ensuing pages.

THE HARAAM TOURS

Question:

What is the Shariah’s view regarding tourism? Many Muslims undertake the ‘Three Haram’ tours, Umrah and other types of tours. Is there any Islamic merit in touring?

ANSWER: Tourism is part of satanism. It is a sinful merrymaking activity of the kuffaar which Muslims too have adopted. The further away Muslims drift from the Deen, the more they display their kufr tendencies acquired from their western kuffaar masters whose cult of life they have adopted 100%. In the words of Rasulullah (Sallallahu alayhi wasallam): Muslims will emulate the Yahood and Nasaara so much that even if they enter into a lizard’s hole, Muslims will follow suit. In other words, if the west says that faeces is gold, Muslims will accept and adore the faeces.

A man came to Rasulullah (Sallallahu alayhi wasallam) and said:

“O Rasulullah (Sallallahu alayhi wasallam)! Permit me to tour.” Rasulullah (Sallallahu alayhi wasallam) said: “Verily, the tourism of my Ummah is Jihaad fi Sabeelillaah.”

In another Hadith, Rasulullah (Sallallahu alayhi wasallam) said: “There is no monasticism and no tourism in Islam.”

Commenting on the Hadith, Imaam Ahmad Bin Hambal (Rahmatullah alayh) said: “Tourism in Islam is devoid of substance. It is not of the acts of the Ambiya nor of the Saaliheen.”

Rasulullah (Sallallahu alayhi wasallam) said: “This dunya has been created for you while you have been created for the Aakhirat.” Our presence on earth is not for merrymaking. The purpose of touring is nothing other than merrymaking, such merrymaking accompanied by a variety of haraam activities.

Hadhrat Abu Hurairah (Radhiyallahu anhu) narrated that Rasulullah (Sallallahu alayhi wasallam) said: “Safar (journey) is a portion of athaab (punishment).” In one Hadith it is mentioned: “Safar is a portion of the Fire.” 

The punishment and fire will differ for different types of journey. However, for the vast majority of today’s holiday-makers, tourists and mock ‘umrah’ tourists, these journeys are loaded with haraam, fisq and fujoor. A journey nowadays is an excursion of sin. The traveller plunges into sin from the time he leaves home until his return. It is sin and transgression all the way along the journey.

Total intermingling with the opposite sex, wholesale neglect of Salaat, trapped in fisq and fujoor at airports, hotels, and even in the Haramain Shareefain, consuming mushtabah and haraam food, squandering wealth, etc. are regular and permanent sins in which travellers nowadays have to participate.

Passport and visa photos for touring and nafl umrahs are also haraam. It is not permissible to indulge in haraam for the sake of a Nafl ibaadat. Wasting large amounts of money aggravates the villainy of journeys and the intensity of the athaab and naar. While millions of the Ummah are languishing in abject squalor, poverty, hardship, sickness, lack of shelter, etc., affluent Muslims satanically enjoy themselves by squandering the ni’mat of wealth on luxuries and haraam sight-seeing and merrymaking journeys in kuffaar style.

The degree of shamelessness of men and women on board the plane, in the airport lounges and hotels brings out their evil lusts and even kufr which they struggle to conceal at home. The men who are supposed to be the mahrams for their womenfolk are transformed into shameless swines along the journey. Their Imaani ghayrah (honour) is completely abandoned on the journey. For their wives and daughters to intermingle with strange fussaaq males is an accepted norm on the journey. Such men are described in the Hadith with the term “dayyooth” (cuckold). However, the purport of the word is better conveyed and understood from the word, swine.

Supposedly ‘pious’ men deceive themselves by soothing their conscience with the Zakaat and other charity they dole out. They believe that the large amounts they squander on these journeys are justified and permissible since they do pay their Zakaat, etc. This is a shaitaani deception. Even if all Muslims all over the world contribute all the money they waste for the aid of the suffering Ummah, then too, the needs of the unfortunate suffering members of the Ummah will not be fulfilled.

Once a man came to Hadhrat Bishr Haafi (Rahmatullah alayh) and said that he had saved 200 dinars (gold coins) for a Nafl Hajj. He had come seeking advice. Hadhrat Bishr asked the man to state whether he planned to go on the journey for merrymaking or for the acquisition of thawaab (reward). He promptly responded that his intention was thawaab.

Hadhrat Bishr (Rahmatullah alayh) said: “If your intention is thawaab, then I shall advise you with a better way of gaining the reward of 200 accepted Hajj. Distribute the 200 dinars to either ten orphans or ten widows or ten hard-pressed families, and I assure you of the thawaab of 200 Hajj.”

The man said that his heart was set on performing Hajj. Hadhrat Bishr then said: “As long as you do not waste the money in haraam avenues, you will not derive peace.” He implied that since the money was not acquired in a halaal manner, this man would not derive satisfaction as long as he does not waste it on the haraam merrymaking tour which he described as Nafl Hajj to soothe his conscience. Thus, those who squander money on these haraam merrymaking tours should understand that there is considerable contamination in their wealth, hence they incline towards the shaitaaniyat of israaf. The Qur’aan Majeed describes them as Ikhwaanush shayaateen (brothers of the devils).

Every Muslim knows that Hajj constitutes one of the Five Fundamental Pillars of Islam. It is Fardh once in a lifetime for the Muslim who is able to reach Makkah subject to certain conditions of the Shariah. Despite the fundamental importance and significance of this Fundamental act of Ibaadat, it will not be permissible to undertake the Hajj journey if it involves the commission of sin, e.g. neglect or missing Salaat or indulgence in any prohibition. The Fuqaha decreed in this regard: “It is mentioned in Al-Mudkhal: Our Ulama say: When the mukallaf person knows that he will miss even one Salaat if he proceeds for Hajj, then verily Hajj is waived. Elsewhere it is said: If performing Hajj is not possible except by expelling Salaat from its time (i.e. making it Qadha) or something similar (i.e. committing sin), then Hajj is waived.”

Al-Barzali narrating from Al-Maazari said: “If he (the traveller) will commit neglect of Salaat such that its time lapses or even performs its substitute (i.e. Salaat in the sitting position), in the wake of the Hajj journey, then most certainly this journey is not permissible, and the obligation of Hajj is waived for him.”

At-Taadali narrating from Al-Maazari said: “Verily, Istitaa’ah (i.e. the condition of ability to go for Hajj) is to reach the Bait (Ka’bah) without hardship together with safety for oneself, one’s wealth and the ability to execute the Faraaidh (acts of Ibaadat), abandonment of extremes and abandonment of sins.”

Ibnul Muneer mentions in his Mansik: “Know that destroying (i.e. not performing on time) even one Salaat is a colossal sin. The virtues of Hajj do not compensate for it (for this loss). In fact, it (Salaat) is greater than it because it is of greater importance. Therefore if dizziness is the norm for the traveller on sea or on the land even if for one Salaat (i.e. due to this ailment he will miss a Salaat), then Hajj is haraam for him, i.e. if he can reach Makkah only by neglecting Salaat. ….

“Whoever knows that if he goes on a sea voyage (even air or land travel), he will be affected by dizziness (or any other sickness) which will mentally impair him or cause unconsciousness, causing him to neglect Salaat or abandon Salaat totally, then there is no difference of opinion (among the Fuqaha) that it is not permissible for him to undertake the journey. The journey of a person of this type is only nafsaani lust. In fact, it is an inspiration of shaitaan.

Al-Barzali said: “Our Shaikh Abu Muhammad Ash-Shabeebi narrating from Taalib said: “The Shayaateen (Devils) of the east and the west became involved in a dispute. Who among them are the greatest deceivers (misleading people)? The devils of the east said to the devils of the west: ‘We are greater than you in deception because we incite a man to commit sin and perpetrate prohibitions in the abodes of the Ambiya (in the Holy Places).’ The Shayaateen of the West responded: ‘We are greater (in the art of deception). We find a man with his wife and children performing the Fardh Salaat, paying Zakaat and practising other acts (of virtue). He is in a state of comfort and his Angels are with him.

Then comes along the (Hajj / Umrah) agent (such as the travel agencies and Sahuc, Khidmatul Awaam) enticing people to travel to the land of Hijaaz (for Hajj and Umrah). Then we (the devils of the west) goad and induce him to come out (i.e. undertake the journey). We poke them with a knife (a figurative expression for the shaitaani snare of enticement. Then he cries (yearns to go for Umrah). Thus he emerges for the journey. From the day he leaves (his home) we induce him to neglect the Faraaidh and to violate the prohibitions (of the Shariah) – from the day of his departure until the day of his return to his family. Thus, he is in loss regarding himself and his wealth in the east and the west.

Then the Shayaateen of the East acknowledged the superiority of the Shayaateen of the West in the art of deception.”

Al-Barzali said: “Verily, I have witnessed some of this in my Hajj journey. We seek safety from Allah.” (Mawaahibul Jaleel)

In this discussion of the two groups of shayaateen there is a sombre lesson for those who undertake the merrymaking tours. They dwell in self and shaitaani deception.

The following is mentioned in Irshaadus Saari: Among the conditions for the obligation (Fardhiyat) of Hajj, is the ability to perform the Fardh Salaats, and not making qadha.”

If one Salaat is performed without Jamaat, it is the equivalent of committing 700 major (Kabeerah) sins. Hadhrat Abu Bakr Warraaq (Rahmatullah alayh) on the first day of his Hajj journey was unable to perform one Salaat with Jamaat. He then said that he should be taken back because he had committed 700 Kabeerah sins on the very first day of the journey.

This is the Shariah’s position regarding journeys for even the Fardh ibaadat of Hajj. If the journey entails missing Salaat or the commission of haraam, then it will not be permissible to undertake the journey. When such is the view of the Shariah regarding Hajj, then what does the Imaan of a Mu’min dictate regarding merrymaking tours, deceptive nafl Umrah and the ‘three Haram’ merrymaking tours?

The Fuqaha have explicitly ruled, and so does Imaani intelligence rule, that it is not permissible to go for Hajj even if just one Salaat will be missed or made qadha on the journey. Now what is the state of affairs nowadays when people embark on these merrymaking fun tours dubbed with Deeni designations?

The Shayaateen of the West are great conspirators just as are the people of the West. These devils embroil these tourists in haraam from the day they depart from home until the day they return. Wholesale neglect of Salaat is the norm. In a plane full of men and women ostensibly going for Hajj or Umrah, only a few venture to perform Salaat on the plane. Most of these tourists remain in their seats like kuffaar. They display total indifference to Salaat. Their wanton abstention from Salaat is wholesale kufr neglect.

Then they indulge gluttonously in the mushtabah, filthy and haraam food served on the plane. They devour the impure foods like animals. All purdah vanishes. For these shaitaani tourists it seems that there is no need to observe purdah. Men and women freely mix and converse in the plane and at the airports. In the plane, men and women line up inter-mixed at the toilets. Every vestige of haya (shame) is effaced. Their very Imaan is defaced by excessive and flagrant indulgence in fisq and fujoor. It is as if they are without Imaan. Rasulullah (Sallallahu alayhi wasallam) said: “Haya is a branch of Imaan.” But these male and female Ibleesi tourists labouring in the deception of going for ibaadat, stand against one another in the queue at the toilet. A woman emerges from the toilet with a man standing against the toilet door. It is indeed a rotten state of affairs, but these juhala are on an ‘ibaadat’ tour. It is a tour leading to Jahannam.

At the immigration and custom points, when checking in and being searched, fisq and fujoor prevails. It the transit lounges, in the hotel foyers and lifts, fisq and fujoor reign. They claim to be going for Umrah / Hajj, but they squander the time in malls and merrymaking places. In the streets men and women rub shoulders, and worse is the horrendous intermingling right inside Musjidul Haraam and even in the Mataaf whilst making Tawaaf of the Ka’bah. It is nothing but compounded fisq and fujoor of the worst kind in the holiest Places.

The amount of haraam photography taking place is absolutely shocking and lamentable. Huge sums of money are wasted on these haraam tours while millions of the Ummah are suffering in extreme straits of poverty and misery.

It is clear that the earnings of these people are either doubtful or haraam, hence they have the strong inclination to waste the money thereby becoming the “brothers of the devils”. Almost every step of this touring is haraam just as the Shayaateen of the West say. They have succeeded in their nefarious plot of ruining the akhlaaq and Imaan of Muslims with these haraam tours.

The Ulama or so-called Ulama are also trapped in this shaitaani snare. They are deaf and blind. They fail to hear and see the evils of these journeys. They come within the purview of the Qur’aanic aayat:

“Verily, the vilest of creatures by Allah are the deaf and the blind who have no intelligence.”

The Qur’aan says that they eat “like animals”. Only those whose Imaan has been defaced by nafsaani lust fail to see and understand the villainy of these haraam tours.

It is indeed incredible that even supposedly pious and senior Ulama miserably fail to see the flagrant sins which are necessarily perpetrated on these journeys of imaginary ‘ibaadat’. When the Fuqaha maintain that the missing of even one Salaat waives the compulsion of Hajj, what other than shaitaaniyat and nafsaaniyat are able to render the Ulama completely blind and totally unconcerned with the deluges of sin committed on these satanic tours.

Hadhrat Fudhail Bin Iyaadh (Rahmatullaah alayh) said:

“There are people who emerge from their bathroom purified of sin while others return from the Ka’bah loaded with the burden of sin.”

Instead of returning from Hajj purified of all sins – pure and holy as one is on the day one is born – these tourists return with darkened souls, contaminated Imaan and a mountain of sin. There is no conundrum in the prohibition of this type of tourism. If the blinkers of the lustful nafs are removed, the villainy of these journeys will be clearly discernable. The journey is bedevilled with compound sins – sins of the kabeerah kind. A fatwa from a Mufti is not required to understand this prohibition. Rasulullah (Sallallahu alayhi wasallam) instructed: “Seek a fatwa from your heart.”

If the heart is not totally overshadowed with the zulmat (darkness) of sin, it will readily issue the fatwa to guide one to the Haqq.

ABUNDANCE OF UMRAH

Some people attempt to justify their many ‘umrah’ tours on the basis of the numerous Umrahs performed by Hadhrat Abdullah Bin Umar (Radhiyallahu anhu). If they apply their minds with sincerity to understand the Shariah’s stance, they will not fail to discern the error of their argument.

The significance of the Ibaadat of Umrah is not denied. Umrah is Sunnatul Muakkadah once in a lifetime subject to the conditions imposed by the Shariah. Hadhrat Ibn Umar (Radhiyallahu anhu) did not commit a single sin during his Umrah journeys. Similarly, the Auliya of former times would journey on foot through deserts, wildernesses, over mountains, etc. undergoing immense hardships enroute to Makkah Mukarramah. They were not embroiled in sin, fisq, and fujoor along the journey as is the norm today.

Those who cite the abundant Umrahs of Abdullah Ibn Umar (Radhiyallahu anhu) in the attempt to justify the deception of their nafs, should reflect on the abundance of his Ibaadat. They should emulate him in his zuhd (abstinence), simplicity, poverty and ibaadat. They should pelt women with pebbles to prevent them from entering Musjidun Nabawi and other Musaajid as was the practice of Ibn Umar (Radhiyallahu anhu).

It is indeed preposterous and dishonest to tear the ibaadat of Umrah from the context of his life, and cite it as a daleel for permissibility of journeys of fisq and fujoor. The prohibition applies to the evil in which these misguided tourists are embroiled. Umrah per se is not prohibited. The journey is haraam on account of the preponderance of sin and evil in which people are embroiled on these journeys.

This baseless argument is similar to the putrid argument with which bid’atis justify their halqah and loud bid’ah forms of thikr in the Musaajid. When the bid’ah form of their thikr is criticized, they stupidly retort that we are preventing from Thikrullaah. Similarly, the misguided tourists allege that the ibaadat of Umrah is being prohibited when in reality the prohibition applies to the journeys of fisq and fujoor.

The Imaan of even the Ulama is so terribly desensitized to evil that they no longer perceive the gravity and villainy of the glaring acts of fisq and fujoor flagrantly committed. The villainy and prohibition of the acts of fisq and fujoor are swept under the carpet in the name of Hajj and Umrah and ziyaarat of Musjidul Aqsa. Their lack of understanding the prohibition of a Nafl act if sin has to be committed in its attainment, is a lamentable commentary of the deficiency of their Imaan.

For performing Umrah, Abdullah Ibn Umar (Radhiyallahu anhu) did not acquire haraam passport and visa photos. He did not intermingle with women. He did not sit in a plane in which fisq and fujoor are incumbently and flagrantly committed. He did not sit in a plane abstaining from Salaat and watching haraam television. His entire journey from Madinah to Makkah was spiritually exhilarating and absolutely devoid of the filth of sins in which every man and woman are entrapped in this day when they go on their tour of mock umrah and hajj. There is absolutely no merit in this baseless argument proffered to justify fisq and fujoor.

They should rather cite Rasulullah (Sallallahu alayhi wasallam) who had performed only one Hajj despite being close to Makkah. Of the three Umrahs he had performed, only one was by design. That was his Qadha Umrah. The other Umrah was on the occasion of the Conquest of Makkah when Umrah devolved Waajib upon entering Makkah. The second Umrah was part of his Hajj.

A DIVERSION FROM THE AAKHIRAT

Touring is a shaitaani ploy which diverts the mind and heart from the Aakhirat. It is a merrymaking occupation of the kuffaar. There is no affinity between Imaan and tourism. Precisely for this reason did Rasulullah (Sallallahu alayhi wasallam) discourage the Sahaabah from travelling. The diversionary effect of today’s journeys impregnated with fisq and fujoor have multiplied in intensity manifold. Life is short and fleeting. Rasulullah (Sallallahu alayhi wasallam) said: This world has been created for you while you have been created for the Aakhirat.”

The topic under discussion does not purport denigration of the lofty status and reward of Umrah and Nafl Hajj. Only a shaitaan will shrug off ibaadat and denigrate its virtues. Our discussion pertains to indulgence in haraam, in sin and transgression. It is haraam to indulge in sin and transgression for the sake of Nafl ibaadat. This is the message in a nutshell.

Although many Fuqaha maintain that performing multiple Umrahs is not permissible, we have not discussed this issue. There is considerable difference of opinion among the Authorities of the Shariah regarding the performance of many Umrahs. However, this subject is not the target of this article.

TRAVEL IN THE EARTH?

“Verily, the Rusul (Messengers) before you (O Muhammad!) were also mocked. Then the very thing with which the mockers mocked hemmed them in. Say (to them, O Muhammad!): ‘Travel in the earth then see what was the ultimate end of the rejecters (of the Deen).” (An’aam, aayats 10, 11)

There are many similar verses in the Qur’aan exhorting ‘travel’ to view the ruins of the civilizations of transgressors. When their transgression and denial of the Deen had exceeded all bounds, Allah’s universal punishment utterly destroyed entire civilizations such as the Aad, Thamud, the people of Nabi Loot (alayhis salaam) and others.

One of the sites of destruction – where the people of Nabi Loot (alayhis salaam) were destroyed by showers of stones from the heaven, viz. the Dead Sea region – has been developed into a zina resort for tourists. Kuffaar tourists are flocking to this evil resort for enjoyment, and for nothing else. No one is ignorant regarding the forms of enjoyment which tourist resorts provide.

Many Muslims who have lost their Imaani bearings and who have ample haraam money to squander on haraam activities have seen it befitting to tour and enjoy themselves at the Dead Sea zina resort. Those who masquerade as people of the Deen aggravate their crime and sin by justifying their haraam touring of the haraam resort with the fanciful argument of ‘deriving lesson’ from the Dead Sea resort. In justification of their evil vacation, they cite the Qur’aanic verses which say: “Travel in the earth and see the ultimate end (of destruction) of the rejectors / transgressors.” In this aayat, so they argue, Allah Ta’ala exhorts touring the regions of destruction – the areas which were utterly destroyed by the punishment of Allah Ta’ala.

This argument is another specimen of Talbeese-Iblees (the deception of shaitaan). Firstly, those who squander tens of thousands of rands to tour the Dead Sea zina resort are fully aware of the true motive for their tour. Allah Ta’ala says in Surah Al-Qiyaamah: “In fact, man has full awareness of his nafs.” What lurks in his heart, man is fully aware. Without the slightest fear of contradiction it can be claimed that whoever goes to the Dead Sea resort do so for nafsaani pleasure, and for absolutely nothing else.

Secondly, those who go on this misguided tour into the region of Divine Wrath and Curse, pass their time in nafsaani enjoyment in the five star hotels of liquor, gambling and zina. They devour contaminated, haraam and mushtabah food served by fussaaq and fujjaar staffing these evil hotels. They enter into a domain of transgression where Hijaab and Ibaadat are violated or abandoned or at least severely damaged. From the moment they leave their homes to the moment they return, they are involved in transgression and neglect of ibaadat.

Thirdly, the argument which they raise on the basis of the Qur’aanic verses is utterly spurious. These verses are directed to a specific audience. If the Muslim tourists concede that they too are within the purview of the audience to whom the Qur’aan directs the exhortation to ‘travel in the earth’, then we too shall concede the veracity of their argument. All the verses exhorting ‘travel in the earth to view the destroyed civilizations of bygone times, are directed to the kuffaar and mushrikeen. These verses were not exhorting the Sahaabah to leave Madina and Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) for viewing the ruins of the kuffaar civilizations. When the mushrikeen would mock and deny the Message of Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam), Allah Ta’ala exhorted them to take lessons from the destroyed civilizations. The same chastisement could overtake and destroy them as well.

The Sahaabah did not entertain any doubt regarding Tauheed and Imaan. The audience to whom these verses were directed were exclusively the mushrikeen and the kuffaar. If those who love to visit the areas of destruction and curse say that they are among the mushrikeen and kuffaar, then undoubtedly, these verses will apply to them. These verses were never intended for the Mu’mineen. On the contrary, Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) forbade Muslims from venturing near to the accursed regions on which Allah’s athaab (punishment) had descended. Even the water and ground of the Dead Sea region are accursed.

Once on returning from a Jihad expedition, Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) and the Sahaabah camped at a place in the desert. Soon after they had set up camp, Hadhrat Jibraeel (alayhis salaam) appeared and ordered Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) to immediately depart from that area. It was an area where a former nation of transgressors was eliminated by the punishment of Allah Ta’ala. The pall of Divine Wrath and Curse still overhung the region. Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) issued instruction for immediate departure. Even the water of that region was accursed.

This episode exhibits the error of the interpretation of those who claim permissibility of visiting the Dead Sea resort on the basis of the Qur’aanic verses. If you are among the mushrikeen and kuffaar, then the verses apply to you.

“The life of this world is nothing but play and amusement while the Aakhirat is best for those who fear. What! Have you no intelligence?” (Qur’aan)

THE FOETUS AND ABORTION – A SHARI’ ANALYSIS

QUESTION

The press recently reported that there is life in the unborn baby at even 12 weeks (i.e. 84 days). The report states: Compelling pictures of babies in the womb apparently smiling, crossing their hands, and making walking leg movements appeared in the British newspapers this week (July 2004), prompting calls to review abortion laws. Real time images show a 12 week-old foetus stretching and making kicking movements with its feet….. A 14 to 15 weekold foetus sucks its thumb and yawns….”

How does this new discovery impact on Islam’s view that the rooh (soul) enters the foetus on the 120th day. Based on this, the Shariah allows abortion for a valid reason before 120 days. But in the cases mentioned above, not only life has entered the foetus long before 120 days, but the baby is fully formed. Please comment.

ANSWER (By Mujlisul Ulama):

The entry of the Rooh on the 120th day is established on the basis of Saheeh Hadith. There is no doubt in this fact. It is Mansoos Alayh (i.e. on which exists categoric proof of either the Qur’aan or Saheeh Hadith). Secondly, it should be understood that every rule has exceptions. Nabi Isaa (alayhis salaam) spoke from the womb of his mother, i.e. before birth. This is an exceptional case. Hadhrat Maryam (alayhas salaam) miraculously conceived Hadhrat Isaa (alayhis salaam) without the normal worldly agency of reproduction. This is also an exception to the rule. If the soul has in reality entered the 84 day old foetus, at most it can be argued that it is an exception to the rule. Allah Ta’ala is not bound by laws and rules which are meant for human beings.

Furthermore, there is no qat-iyyat (absolute certitude) in a claim that the rooh has indeed entered the 12 week-old foetus. The movements of the foetus cannot be attributed with absolute certitude to a rooh which has entered it. It is quite possible that the movements of the 12 week-old foetus are the consequences of the Rooh of the mother just as the movements and activities of the heart, lungs and all bodily organs without their own souls are the consequences of the Soul of the being in whom these organs exist. The numerous organs in the human body are without independent souls, but they have their movements and functions which they execute. For their activities they are dependent on the Rooh of the person. Similarly, it is quite possible that in certain cases the Rooh of the mother exercises an influence on the soulless foetus in the same way as her Rooh impacts on her other bodily organs. The mother herself smiles, walks, sits and make all types of movements. Her internal organs have their own forms of respective movement. All these movements, both inward and outward, are the consequences of the action of the Rooh. There is no rational argument to refute a contention that the mother’s Rooh influences her foetus just as it activates all her other bodily organs. After all, the foetus is part of her body. It is attached to her. Her Rooh physically nourishes, sustains and develops her foetus through the intermediary of numerous organs. This contention, namely, the movements of the foetus are the effects of the action of its mother’s Rooh, is therefore not farfetched, leave alone it being a rational impossibility.

Whether the movements of the 12 week-old foetus are the voluntary and conscious effects of its own rooh or the mechanical consequences of the action of the mother’s Rooh in the same way as all her other organs react to the Rooh, are not known and cannot be established by this latest discovery. Professor Campell who made the pictures of the foetus observed: “What’s behind the smile, of course, I can’t say, but the corners turn up and the cheeks bulge.” The ‘turning of the corners’ and the bulging of the cheeks are not absolute evidence for conscious smiling or voluntary smiling. The smilelike movement could be an involuntary reaction to some assertion of the mother’s Rooh or the action of some of her bodily organs.

The latest discovery may just be a discovery of what is common to all foetuses prior to 120 days. This particular 12 weekold foetus may not be an exception. Other foetuses of this age and less may also be behaving in a similar way. The new technique of technology has enabled the professor to make his pictures. These images are not discernible with the techniques hitherto employed. Hence the report says: “Campbell made the pictures in 3D-4D, a new technique in existence since 2001 with photos in three dimension with video animation enabling study of foetus movements in real time.” The information which the new technique has brought to light might be common to all foetuses of less than 120 days. If this could be ascertained, it will confirm that the movements are the effects of the mother’s Rooh and organs.

Furthermore, the Hadith of 120 days is not related to abortion. The ruling of the Shariah on abortion is:

· Abortion is haraam if any human form, e.g.. finger, hand, etc., has developed regardless of any reason. No reason is considered valid for abortion if any human form has developed.

· If no form has developed, the foetus being only a clot, then if there is a valid Shar’i reason, abortion is permissible prior to 120 days.

· Under no circumstances is abortion permissible if life is discerned by any means whatsoever, and be it prior to 120 days. Consider the example of a pregnant woman having died. If signs of life are detected in the foetus, it is Waajib to operate and remove the baby regardless of the age of the pregnancy. The principle is the existence of life, not the Hadith which mentions that the Rooh enters on the 120th day. It is quite possible that Allah Ta’ala decrees the infusion of rooh into the foetus even before 120 days. And Allah knows best.

The Kufr of So-Called “Islamic Series”

[By Muhammad Huzaifah ibn Adam Aal-Ebrahim]

Very briefly, two issues will be touched upon in this article: 

⚫ Films or Series Depicting the Ambiyaa or Sahaabah 

⚫ Films or Series Depicting Islamic Figures

Films or Series Depicting the Ambiyaa or Sahaabah

Allah Ta`ala says in the Qur’aan Kareem:

“And if you ask them (the Munaafiqeen, regarding their mockery of the Deen), they will say: ‘We were only talking and joking (to pass time without intending any harm).’ Say: ‘Were you mocking Allaah, His Aayaat and His Rasool (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam)? Do not make excuses. You have committed Kufr (by mocking the Deen) after (your claim to) having Imaan.” [Surah at-Tawbah, 9:65-66]

And Allah Ta`ala says:

“It has already been revealed to you in the Kitaab (the Qur’aan) that when you hear the Aayaat of Allaah being rejected and mocked at (by the Kuffaar), then do not sit with them until they engage in other talks (in some other conversation). Without doubt, in that case (if you continue to sit with them despite their mockery of the Deen) you will be like them (i.e. a Kaafir like them). Indeed, Allaah will gather the Munaafiqeen and the Kaafireen altogether in Jahannam.” [Surah an-Nisa, 4:140]

It is indeed glaring evidence that we are living in “the worst of times, with the worst of people” when there are so-called Muslims and – even worse – so-called “Ulama” who actively promote mockery of the Deen of Allah Ta`ala. This they do through their promotion of the vile, Haraam, Kufr films and series which have been made by Kuffaar (including those who claim to be Muslims) about Rasoolullaah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) and Sahaabah-e-Kiraam, such as “The Message” and the “Omar Series”.

Such mal`oon (accursed) Kaafirs who claim to be “Ulama” and those who claim to be “Muslims”, stupidly and arrogantly ask: “What is wrong with it?”

Everything is wrong with it, from beginning to end. It is an act of kufr and irtidaad to make films depicting the Ambiyaa or Sahaabah, as to do so is istihzaa, and istihzaa (mockery) of the Deen in any way, shape or form, is irtidaad which takes a person out of the fold of Islam regardless of his “intentions”.

In the first place, tasweer (making pictures of animate beings) is in itself Haraam, as Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) has stated in the Hadeeth:

“Those involved in picture-making will be subjected to the worst of `Adhaab on the Day of Qiyaamah.” [Narrated in Saheeh al-Bukhaari]

This hurmat is infinitely worse when the tasweer is about the Ambiyaa (Alayhimus Salaam) or about Sahaabah-e-Kiraam (Radhiyallahu Anhum). Not only did the Kuffaar mock Islaam by creating this so-called film about the life of Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) and Sahaabah, but they went as far as to have Kuffaar actors and actresses falsely and satanically “portraying” the lives of the Sahaabah: Anthony Quinn depicting Hadhrat Hamza (Radhiyallahu Anhu), the uncle of Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam); Michael Ansara depicting Hadhrat Abu Sufyaan (Radhiyallahu Anhu); Johnny Sekka depicting Hadhrat Bilaal (Radhiyallahu Anhu); Garrick Hagon depicting Hadhrat `Ammaar ibn Yasir (Radhiyallahu Anhu); Michael Forest depicting Hadhrat Khalid ibn al-Waleed (Radhiyallahu Anhu), the Sword of Allah Ta`ala, and so on.

Kuffaar enemies of Allah depicting the Awliyaa of Allah? If a person is unable to see the blatant Kufr and Satanism of this, then he is devoid of Imaan.

Understand this well: all those involved in making films, series, games, cartoons, etc., depicting the Ambiyaa (Alayhim al-Salaam) and the Sahaabah ِ(Ridhwan Allahum Alayhim), are guilty of kufr and irtidaad. They may claim to be doing so to promote the Deen, but this Deen of Allah Ta`ala can never be promoted through kufr.

2. Films or Series Depicting Islamic Figures

It is unfortunate to note that there are many short-sighted “Molvi Sahebs” throughout the world who, despite being opposed to the films or series made which depict the Ambiyaa or Sahaabah, have no problem with films or series made which depict Islaamic figures. An example of this is the Turkish series, “Diriliş: Ertuğrul” which has had even so-called “Muftis” from India and Pakistan touting it as some great new form of “Da`wah” and “opportunity to learn the history of Islam”. Their jahaalat is staggering. Shaytaan has entirely taken over their minds, thus they are incapable of thinking. There are Muslims who dress up in the way they’ve seen in this series to proceed to the Eid Salaah, or get married dressed like that, etc., thinking that it is Islam.

There are so-called “Maulanas” and “Muftis” bringing out talks supposedly on the history of Islam and quoting what they’ve seen in such series as proofs.

Hereunder we shall briefly mention a few points as to why it is Haraam, because it appears that these “Ulama” have forgotten the Qur’aan and the Sunnah and forgotten the original `Aqaa’id and rulings of Islam:

1. Tasweer is Haraam in Islam. Tasweer is the act of making pictures or videos of beings possessing a Rooh (such as human beings and animals), and it is tasweer whether it is done by hand or electronically, or through any other means.

2. It is highly disrespectful and in fact a mockery to the Islamic figures being portrayed, such as this “Diriliş: Ertuğrul” which has a Faasiq actor portraying ibn `Arabi (Rahmatullahi Alayh).

Hadhrat Abu Hurayrah (Radhiyallahu Anhu) narrates that Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said: “Allaah Ta`ala said: ‘Whosoever displays enmity towards a Wali of mine, I declare war on him.” [Narrated in Saheeh al-Bukhaari.]

3. The Muhadditheen, when explaining this Hadeeth, have mentioned that this عادی “displaying enmity” can be in the form of openly displaying enmity, or harming a Wali of Allah, or mocking a Wali of Allah, or angering a Wali of Allah, and all of this can be either through a person’s action or through their words. By mocking any of the Awliyaa of Allah Ta`ala, the person is destroying his Dunya and his Aakhirah.

4. It contains free-mixing between men and women, which is Haraam.

5. It contains women, whereas it is Haraam for men to look at ghayr mahram women.

6. It contains music, which is Haraam.

7. Attempting to propagate the Deen through such a means turns the Deen into some object of “entertainment”. In the Qur’aan Kareem, Allaah Ta`ala condemns the Kuffaar of the past for having taken their Deen as a sport and an amusement.

8. Any person who thinks he can learn history through this is either a jaahil or is deceiving himself. More than 95% is fiction made up by the directors of the series; thus, for a Molvi to quote it as “proof” is the height of jahaalat. Such people should not have tried to become Ulama; they should have sold toilet rolls.

9. In the case of the films and series depicting the Ambiyaa and Sahaabah, people with no knowledge of the true history of Islam will have this Kaafir or Faasiq actor as his perception of that Sahaabi, and this person will think of that Sahaabi as having all of the faults which this actor possesses. This in itself is Kufr, because to mock any Sahaabi is an act of Kufr, and having these Kuffaar, Fussaaq and Fujjaar portray Sahaabah-e-Kiraam will result in people mocking the Sahaabah, which in turn will render these people Murtaddeen.

Much more could be said about this topic but the article would become lengthy, hence we will suffice with one last point:

It is mentioned in Sharh-ul-`Aqaa’id that if a person “jokingly” pretends to be an `Aalim, sits on an elevated place with people around him (as Asaatidhah used to do in the old days) and “answers Masaa’il” as a form of entertainment, to make people laugh, then he and all of them have become Kaafirs. [Sharh al-`Aqeedah an-Nasafiyyah, p.117]

If that is the case with regards to a person who “jokingly” pretends to be an `Aalim as a form of entertainment, then what about a person who pretends to be one of the Ambiyaa or the Sahaabah as a form of entertainment?

فإلى الله المشتكى وهو المستعان

Ruling on Selling Tobacco

Question: Is it permissible to sell tobacco and cigarettes? Is the income halaal? A Mufti says that it is permissible and the earnings of it are halaal.

Answer (By Mujlisul Ulama);

The mufti is the type whom the Fuqaha label as ‘maajin’ (a moron, a buffoon, a chap lost in compound ignorance). Tobacco is extremely harmful for the health. It causes cancer and a host of other destructive diseases. It ruins the health and the brains of the user. Such harmful and poisonous substances are haraam. One of the elements of hurmat (prohibition) is dharar (harm). A harmful substance is haraam. Ingesting poison is haraam whether the effects of the poison are immediate or delayed (slow-poisoning) such as tobacco.

In addition to the destruction tobacco inflicts on the body, brains and the rooh, its odour is offensive to Musallis and the Malaaikah. People reeking of the vile stench of tobacco should ensure that they change their stinking dress when going to the Musjid. The offensive stench percolates from the body onto the clothes.

Since tobacco is haraam by virtue of the element of dharar, it is haraam to sell it. The earning derived from this poisonous substance is likewise haraam. It should be given as Sadqah without niyyat of thawaab.

ELECTIONS, VOTING AND MUSLIM PARTICIPATION

By Mujlisul Ulama

WHAT SAYS THE SHARIAH?

Numerous Muslims are writing to us querying the permissibility or impermissibility of participating in the upcoming elections. Is it permissible to take part in the elections? To vote or not to vote? This is everyone’s question.

If Imaan is healthy and strong, the Mu’min will have no need for doubt and uncertainty, and to query this issue. The elements in the kuffaar voting system and the system itself are conspicuous and really are not in need of expert brains nor for much Shar’i knowledge. The glaring conflicts and contraventions which have to be committed by indulgence in the kuffaar system are too apparent and vividly clear and simple to understand. Regarding such glaringly conspicuous and simple issues, Rasulullah (Sallallahu alayhi wasallam) said: “Seek a fatwa from your heart.”

But the heart will issue the correct fatwa only if the Imaan is not contaminated, polluted and darkened with fisq, fujoor, bid’ah and even kufr which are dominantly prevailing maladies of the entire Ummah of this era. The deluges of doubtful food, haraam carrion, cellphone pornography, haraam earnings, etc., etc. have extinguished the inherent nooraani propensity and ability of understanding of Muslims. Thus they are unable to distinguish between Haqq and baatil, vice and virtue, haraam and halaal. To add to this misery, is the villainy of the scoundrel molvils and sheikhs who are promoting fisq, fujoor, bid’ah and even kufr in the name of Islam.

(1) The very system of governance of non-Muslims is in flagrant and wild conflict with the Qur’aan and Sunnah. Whether it is democracy or any other kuffaar-manufactured system of law, it is in conflict with the Qur’aan and Sunnah. Such a system of law is branded the law of Jaahiliyyah by Allah Ta’ala in the Qur’aan Shareef.

(2) Voting for a system which is in total conflict with the Qur’aan and Sunnah is haraam. This is an obvious Shar’i position which no Muslim with any Imaani understanding can deny. Only ulama-e-soo and bootlicking so-called ‘muslim’ politicians have the kufr propensity of denying Qur’aanic truths.

(3) All the candidates without a single exception are either kuffaar, fussaaq and fujjaar. They are crooks, bandits, scoundrels, looters of the public treasury, etc. If the candidate happens to be a professed ‘muslim’, he will, in addition to his fisq and fujoor, be a zindeeq or a munnafiq or a murtad. At the very minimum he will be a faasiq/faajir. Voting for such personnel causes the Arsh of Allah Azza Wa Jal to shudder.

(4) Besides the very concept and the system per se being haraam, the ramifications of participation in voting consist of haraam activities. Intermingling of sexes is the very first major sin a Muslim has to commit when voting. Photography, bootlicking, hooliganism, etc. are all inherent to kuffaar elections.

(5) ‘Muslim’ candidates who manage to win elections as representatives, rather agents, of some non-Muslim political party are constrained to seal their lips on Islamic issues and to promote the values, ethos and every haraam act of the party.

Just one current example of such kufr bootlicking is the campaigning for the elections by one faasiq, Ismail Vadi. He holds some post in the present government. Although he is known as a Muslim, perhaps he performs Salaat and fasts, he is first and foremost an advocate of the law of jaahiliyyah about which the Qur’aan states:

“Those who do not govern according to that (Shariah) revealed by Allah, verily, they are the kaafiroon.”

The Nusoos of the Shariah are numerous to condemn and excommunicate this character and all others of his ilk who masquerade as Muslims. This chap attended or visited the Lord is My Shepherd Church in Lenasia to campaign for the party he represents. He bootlicks the pastor and the politicians. His priority in life is the promotion of kufr law. In diametric conflict with the Qur’aan and Sunnah he calls on all, Muslims and non-Muslims, to indulge in gross Shar’i violations by participating in voting. He lacks understanding of kufr and Imaan. He is in terms of the Qur’aan Majeed: “Summum, Bukmum Umyun” – Spiritually dumb, blind and deaf. The thought of Maut, the Qabr and Qiyaamah is furthest from his mind and the minds of those who participate in the law of jaahiliyyah.

It is haraam to participate in any aspect of non-Muslim governance. Voting is not permissible. Furthermore, there is no imperative need (Shar’i haajat/dhuroorat) for diverging from the Shar’i prohibition. Pork cannot be consumed, even one morsel, when a person is not facing death due to starvation. The same principle is applicable to voting.

May Allah Ta’ala guide this bootlicking, humiliated community of Muslims.

The Pagan-Christian Origins of “Valentine’s Day”

What is it and Where did it come from?

Consider Valentine’s Day, a day that after dying out a well deserved death in most of Europe (but surviving in Britain and United States) has suddenly started to emerge across a good swath of Muslim countries. Who was Valentine? Why is this day observed? Legends abound, as they do in all such cases, but this much is clear: Valentine’s Day began as a pagan ritual started by Romans in the 4th century BCE to honor the god Lupercus. The main attraction of this ritual was a lottery held to distribute young women to young men for “entertainment and pleasure”– until the next year’s lottery. Among other equally despicable practices associated with this day was the lashing of young women by two young men, clad only in a bit of goatskin and wielding goatskin thongs, who had been smeared with blood of sacrificial goats and dogs. A lash of the “sacred” thongs by these “holy men” was believed to make them better able to bear children.

As usual, Christianity tried, without success, to stop the evil celebration of Lupercalia. It first replaced the lottery of the names of women with a lottery of the names of the saints. The idea was that during the following year the young men would emulate the life of the saint whose name they had drawn. (The idea that you can preserve the appearance of a popular evil and yet somehow turn it to serve the purpose of virtue, has survived. Look at all those people who are still trying, helplessly, to use the formats of popular television entertainments to promote good. They might learn something from this bit of history. It failed miserably) Christianity ended up doing in Rome, and elsewhere, as the Romans did. The only success it had was in changing the name from Lupercalia to St. Valentine’s Day. It was done in CE 496 by Pope Gelasius, in honor of some Saint Valentine. There are as many as 50 different Valentines in Christian legends. Two of them are more famous, although their lives and characters are also shrouded in mystery. According to one legend, and the one more in line with the true nature of this celebration, St. Valentine was a “lovers’” saint, who had himself fallen in love with his jailer’s daughter.

Due to serious troubles that accompanied such lottery, French government banned the practice in 1776. In Italy, Austria, Hungary, and Germany also the ritual vanished over the years. Earlier, it had been banned in England during the 17th century when the Puritans were strong.

However in 1660 Charles II revived it. From there it also reached the New World, where enterprising Yankees spotted a good means of making money. Esther A. Howland, who produced one of the first commercial American Valentine’s Day cards called — what else — valentines, in the 1840s, sold $5,000 worth – when $5,000 was a lot of money – the first year. The valentine industry has been booming ever since.

The history of Valentine’s Day serves as a powerful lesson for Muslims. St.Valentine became a Saint trying to resist free sex. Even though there was an attempt to Christianize it, today St.Valentine’s day is gone back to its roots. No one even knows that the Church even tried to ban the St. Valentine’s Day. Rather, most people think of romance, cupid and his arrow, which are vestiges of pagan Rome.

Pagan Origins of Valentine’s Day

The first information about this day is found in pre-Christian Rome, when pagans would celebrate the “Feast of the Wolf” on February 15, also known as the Feast of Lupercalius in honour of Februata Juno, the Roman goddess of women and marriage, and Pan, Roman god of nature.

On this day, young women would place their names in an urn, from which boys would randomly draw to discover their sexual companion for the day, the year, and sometimes the rest of their lives. These partners exchanged gifts as a sign of affection, and often married.

Christian Influence on Valentine’s Day

When Christianity came onto the scene in Rome, it wanted to replace this feast with something more in line with its ethics and morality. A number of Christians decided to use February 14 for this purpose. This was when the Italian Bishop Valentine was executed by the Roman Emperor Claudius II for conducting secret marriages of military men in the year 270.

Claudius II decided that single men made better soldiers than those with wives and families, so he outlawed marriage for young, single men, who made up his military. Valentine defied Claudius and performed marriages for young couples in secret. When his actions were revealed, Claudius put him to death. Another version of the story says that Valentine was a holy priest in Rome, who helped Christians escape harsh Roman prisons where they were often beaten and tortured.

Valentine was arrested and sent to the prefect of Rome for this. He found that his attempts to make Valentine renounce his faith were useless, and so recommended he be beaten with clubs, and later beheaded. This took place on February 14, 270.

According to the Catholic Encyclopaedia, there are at least three different Saint Valentines, all of whom are Christian martyrs of February 14. One of them is described as a priest from Rome (as mentioned above), another as bishop of Interamna (modern Terni), and the third from Africa.

It was in the year 496 that Pope Gelasius officially changed the February 15 Lupercalia festival to the February 14 St. Valentine’s Day to give Christian meaning to a pagan festival. The holiday become popular in the United States in the 1800’s during the Civil War.

As well, Pope Gelasius ordered a slight change in the lottery for young women that would take place during the pagan festival. Instead of the names of young women, the box would have the names of saints. Men and women were allowed to draw from the box, and the purpose of this was to copy the ways of the saint they had selected for the rest of the year.

Pagan Customs of Valentine’s Day 

A number of the customs connected to Valentine’s Day originate in the belief in England and France during the middle Ages, that on February 14, birds began to pair.

Fourteenth and 15th centuries’ French and English literatures make indirect references to the practice. Those who chose each other as husband and wife on Valentine’s Day apparently called each other their Valentines.

In terms of the Valentine’s greeting “Your Valentine” which today you find on a number of Valentine’s Day cards, the above-mentioned Roman priest Valentine actually sent the first ‘valentine’ greeting himself.

While he was in prison awaiting execution, he apparently fell in love with a young girl who would visit him. Before he died, he allegedly wrote her a letter, signed ‘From your Valentine,’ In terms of the virtually naked, arrow-shooting cupid character, which shoots people with its arrows to make them fall in love, this character is a vestige of Roman pagan times. Cupid was described as the son of Venus, the Roman god of love and beauty. You usually find Cupid’s picture on Valentine cards and other paraphernalia.

Islamic Perspective on Valentine’s Day

We should avoid anything associated with pagan immoral practices – We do not need to honour or celebrate the death of a Christian “saint” – Islam does not encourage flirting or suggestions of romantic relationships before marriage – Love between families, friends and married people does not need to be celebrated on a day with such un-Islamic origins.

Question: In recent times, celebration of the Valentine Day has spread, particularly among female students. It is a Christian celebration, and it is (manifested) with fully red costumes, clothing and shoes, and exchange of red roses. What is the ruling on celebrating this holiday?

Answer: Celebrating the Valentine Day is not permissible because:

Firstly, it is an innovated holiday that has no basis in the Shari’ah.

Secondly, it calls to love and passion.

Thirdly, it calls to keeping one’s heart busy with nonsense matters which contradict the guidance of the righteous predecessors, may Allah be pleased with them.

So it is not permissible that anything from the signs of that holiday takes place on that day, whether it relates to eating, drinking, clothing, giving gifts, or other than that. It is incumbent upon the Muslim to be proud of his/her religion and that he/she does not blindly follow every crier. May Allah the Exalted protect Muslims from every trial, apparent and hidden, and that He give them protection and guidance. Ameen.

Question

Some people celebrate Yawm al-Hubb (Valentine’s Day) on February 14 [the second month of the Christian Gregorian calendar] every year by exchanging red roses as gifts. They also dress up in red clothing, and congratulate one another (on this occasion). Some sweet shops produce special sweets – red in colour – and draw hearts upon them. Some shops advertise their goods which are specially related to this day. What is the Islaamic view [concerning the following]: Celebrating this day? Buying from these shops on this day? Selling – by shop-owners who are not celebrating – the things which are used as gifts, to those who are celebrating?

Response: The clear evidence from the Qur’aan and Sunnah – and this is agreed upon by consensus (Ijmaa) of the early generations of the Muslim Ummah – indicates that there are only two ‘Eeds in Islaam (days of celebration): ‘Eed al-Fitr (after the fast of Ramadhan) and ‘Eed al-Adha (after the standing at ‘Arafah for pilgrimage).

Every other ‘Eed – whether it is to do with a person, group, incident or any other occasion – is an innovated ‘Eed. It is not permissible for the Muslim people to participate in it, approve of it, make any show of happiness on its occasion, or assist in it in any way – since this will be transgressing the bounds of Allah: “…and whoever transgresses the bounds of Allah, he has wronged his own self,” [Surah at-Talaaq, Aayah 1]

If we add to this fabricated ‘Eed the fact that it is one of the ‘Eeds of the disbelievers, it is sin upon sin. This is because it is Tashabbuh (imitation) of the disbelievers, and a type of Muwaalaat (loyalty) to them. And Allah has prohibited the believers from imitation of them and having love or loyalty for them in His Mighty Book (Qur’aan). It is also confirmed from the Prophet (sal-Allaahu ‘alayhe wa sallam) that he said: “Whoever imitates a people is one of them.”

‘Eed al-Hubb (the celebration of Valentine’s Day) comes under the category of what has been mentioned here, since it is one of the pagan Christian holidays. Hence it is not permissible for any Muslim, who believes in Allah and the Last Day, to participate in it, approve of it, or congratulate (anyone on that occasion). On the contrary, it is obligatory to abandon it and stay far away from it – in response to Allah and His Messenger, and to distance oneself from the anger of Allah and His punishment.

Additionally, it is forbidden for a Muslim to assist or help in this Valentine’s Day, or any other of the forbidden/illegal celebrations in any way whatsoever – whether by food or drink, selling or buying, production, gift-giving, correspondence, announcements, etc. All of these things are considered as co-operating in sin and transgression and disobedience of Allah and His Messenger. Allaah, the Glorious and Most High, says:

“… and co-operate with one another in righteousness and piety, and do not co-operate in sin and transgression. And fear Allaah! Verily Allaah is severe in punishment,” [Surah al-Ma’idah, Aayah 2]

Likewise, it is obligatory for every Muslim to adhere strictly to the Qur’aan and Sunnah in every situation – especially in times of temptations and corruption. It is incumbent that he/she understand, be aware and be cautioned from falling into the deviations of those whom Allaah is angry with and those who are astray and the immoral people who have no fear of punishment – nor hope of reward – from Allaah, and who give no attention at all to Islaam.

It is necessary for the Muslim to flee to Allaah, the Most High, seeking His Hidaayah (Guidance) and Thabaat (Firmness) upon the Path. Verily, there is no Guide except Allaah, and no One Who can Grant Firmness except Him.

Astrology and Palmistry: Differentiating the means from Cause

By Qafila blog

image

A scholar says that it is permissible to show one’s hand to palmist. ‘ilm al-ghayb is only known to Allah. No one denies that. The palmist only uses the means to assess and predict a future just like the weather forecast.

Moreover, it is also said that Sayiduna Idrīs ‘alayhi salām was granted the knowledge of astrology! How is it to use Astrology and palmistry in this capacity? How is it to believe in these?

Answer

Bismillāhi Ta’ālā

The general principle regarding “means” (asbāb) is that they should not be regarded as the “cause”, rather considering them as a means to conclude the outcome is permissible. However, sharī’ah has excluded ‘ulūm al-nujūm (astrology) from this principle. This means that sharī’ah has strictly prohibited deducing outcomes using astrology as a means (and not a cause).

It is not necessary to understand the reason behind this exception. Nonetheless, the apparent wisdom for this rule seems to be that people persist in it to such an extent that majority who revert towards astrology, tend to start believing in it. They no longer regard it as a means. Over and above that, there is no benefit in this knowledge, instead many a times one faces problems due to it.

(Since there is no conclusiveness on the wisdom of its prohibition) it can also be said that sharī’ah negates astrology being a means as well. This means that the aspects and factors which an astrologer looks at while assessing, sharī’ah classifies these factors to be fallacious. However, the generality of means is evident in the Sun and moon.

Another angle could be that astrology and farsightedness as an academic field is correct, however their principles are not established one any evidence. Hence, they are prone to much error, which many a times becomes a means of ill-wishing. Ill-wishing is a fitna and instilling negativity springs plenty a fouls. This is one of the reasons the process of identifying a thief through facial recognition is impermissible in sharī’ah.

It is mentioned that when someone wished to speak to Plato, he would ask for a picture of the seeker. Then by way of ‘ilm al-firāsah (farsightedness), if he happened to be worthy of being met, a meeting would be granted. Once Plato refused to meet a person on this very basis, and the visitor said that Plato’s farsightedness is not correct. This is because, the ills which Plato has found in me, used to be there at one time, but now I have rectified myself. When a person such as Plato can be deceived by this knowledge, and become a means of ill-feelings, then the harm is clearly plausible.

In any case, sharī’ah has strictly prohibited us from these types of knowledges. It is mentioned in Ṣaḥiḥ al-Muslim, “Whoever comes to a soothsayer and asks him anything, then his ṣalāh will not be accepted for forty nights.”

Similarly, it is mentioned in a riwāyah of al-Mustadrak and Musnad al-Aḥmad, “Whoever comes to a predictor or soothsayer, and he believes in that which he says, then he has renegaded (kufr) from that which was revealed upon Muhammad (sallallahu alayhi wasallam)”.

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It is mentioned in another riwāyah of Sunan al-Arbi’ah and Musnad al-Aḥmad, “Whoever comes to a fortune teller and believes in what he says, or comes to a woman in state of ḥayḍ, or approaches her from back passage, then he is free of what was revealed upon Muhammad (sallallahu alayhi wasallam)”

‘Allama Ṭabrānī raḥimahullah mentions that whosoever comes upon a soothsayer and asks him of something, then a curtain is drawn between his repentance and him for forty nights, and if he believes the soothsayer, then he has committed kufr.

(قوله: والتنجيم) هو علم يعرف به الاستدلال بالتشكلات الفلكية على الحوادث السفلية. اهـ. ح. وفي مختارات النوازل لصاحب الهداية أن علم النجوم في نفسه حسن غير مذموم، إذ هو قسمان: حسابي وإنه حق، وقد نطق به الكتاب. قال الله تعالى – {الشمس والقمر بحسبان} [الرحمن: 5]- أي سيرهما بحساب. واستدلالي بسير النجوم وحركة الأفلاك على الحوادث بقضاء الله تعالى وقدره، وهو جائز كاستدلال الطبيب بالنبض من الصحة والمرض ولو لم يعتقد بقضاء الله تعالى أو ادعى الغيب بنفسه يكفر، ثم تعلم مقدار ما يعرف به مواقيت الصلاة والقبلة لا بأس به. اهـ. وأفاد أن تعلم الزائد على هذا المقدار فيه بأس بل صرح في الفصول بحرمته وهو ما مشى عليه الشارح. والظاهر أن المراد به القسم الثاني دون الأول؛ ولذا قال في الإحياء: إن علم النجوم في نفسه غير مذموم لذاته إذ هو قسمان إلخ ثم قال ولكنه مذموم في الشرع. وقال عمر: تعلموا من النجوم ما تهتدوا به في البر والبحر ثم امسكوا، وإنما زجر عنه من ثلاثة أوجه:

أحدها: أنه مضر بأكثر الخلق، فإنه إذا ألقى إليهم أن هذه الآثار تحدث عقيب سير الكواكب وقع في نفوسهم أنها المؤثرة،

وثانيها: أن أحكام النجوم تخمين محض، ولقد كان معجزة لإدريس – عليه السلام – فيما يحكى وقد اندرس.

وثالثها: أنه لا فائدة فيه، فإن ما قدر كائن والاحتراز منه غير ممكن اهـ ملخصا. (الدر المختار وحاشية ابن عابدين – دار الفكر (1/ 43))

And that which is mentioned about Sayiduna Idrīs ‘alayh salām being taught of astrology through means of waḥy, then:

Firstly: The report is not established authentically.

Secondly: The principle of astrology are established with proof, such that we say that this knowledge is exactly what has been mentioned in regards to Sayiduna Idrīs ‘alayh salām.

Thirdly: Majority of astrologers consider these stars to be cause for the outcomes, which is open shirk. (hence it cannot be attributed to Sayiduna Idrīs ‘alayh salām).

And Allah Ta’ala Knows Best,

Muftī Rashīd Aḥmad Ludhiyānwī raḥimahullāh.
Aḥsan al-Fatāwa Vol. 1 Pg. 54

صحيح مسلم (4/ 1751)
125 – (2230) حدثنا محمد بن المثنى العنزي، حدثنا يحيى يعني ابن سعيد، عن عبيد الله، عن نافع، عن صفية، عن بعض أزواج النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم عن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم قال: «من أتى عرافا فسأله عن شيء، لم تقبل له صلاة أربعين ليلة»

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