Category Archives: Basic Islamic Laws

LITTLE CHILDREN IN THE MUSAAJID

[Majlisul Ulama]

Nabi (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) said: “Keep your children and insane people away from your Musaajid.

The Musaajid are the Houses of Allaah Ta’ala and they deserve the utmost respect and reverence. We have been created for the worship of Allah Ta`ala, and the highest form of worship is Salaat. The Musaajid are the structures built specifically to execute this highest form of Ibaadat. The sanctity of the Musaajid cannot be overemphasised.

Not only is purity and cleanliness imperative in the Musaajid, they are also abodes of peace and tranquillity.

Little children pose a grave threat to both – the purity and tranquillity – of the Musaajid. It is for this reason that Nabi (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) expressly forbade their entry.

When the Shariah prohibits an Ibaadat such as thikr and even the Qur’aan Shareef to be recited loudly in the Musaajid, what then can be said of the raucous behaviour created by delinquent children!

A Hadith explains that when people speak (worldly or futile speech) in a Musjid, the angels curse such a person. Do parents who bring their little children into the Musjid desire that the curse of Allah Ta’ala and His angels fall on their children? In fact, the parent are liable for the disturbances created by their children.

It is stated in Al Ashbaah wan Nazaa`ir  that it is HARAAM to bring such children into a Musjid who have no perception of ritual cleanliness and who are themselves impure. If they are not impure and have some perception of ritual cleanliness, then too, it is Makrooh to bring them to the Musjid. [In the vocabulary of the Fuqahaa, ‘Makrooh’ denotes Tahreem. This means that to regularly bring small children (younger than the age of 7, who may even be well-behaved) to the Musjid is Makrooh Tahreemi – in other words – HARAAM).

When a child reaches the age of 7 and he is properly trained (at home) regarding cleanliness and he understands and respects the sanctity of the Musjid, he may be brought into the Musjid, otherwise not!

Children (who qualify to be brought into the Musjid) should also be taught to stand in a separate saff behind the adults. Children who stand amongst the adults, break the saff, thereby causing a deficiency in the Salaat of the adults.

Besides what has been explained above regarding small children, today there is a greater problem than the small children, and that is the unruly behaviours of  baaligh ‘children’ in the Musjid. They show no respect for the Salaat, the Musjid and the musallis. Many teenagers have absolutely no perception of the sanctity of the Musjid, and their parents display no concern for the misbehaviours of their baaligh ‘children’. Despite them being adults in terms of the Shariah, their behaviour at times is worse than the nabaaligh children. It is the incumbent obligation of parents to instil in their children the significance and importance of the House of Allah Ta’ala.

May Allah Ta`ala grant us all the proper understanding of the Deen.

Islamic Ruling on Astrology, Fortune-Telling, Horoscopes, Etc

image

Astrology, Astronomy and Islam

There are two terms confused in many people’s minds when it comes to dealing with the question in hand. These terms are astronomy and astrology.

Astronomy is the science that deals with studying the movements of the celestial bodies and reducing observations to mathematical order. That science is useful in determining time, seasons, the direction of Prayer, etc.

Astrology, on the other hand, is concerned with studying the positions and aspects of celestial bodies in the belief that they have an influence on the course of natural earthly occurrences and human affairs. Astrologists believe that the movements of stars have an influence on people’s lives.

Both Muslim astronomers and [religious] scholars refuse the prophecies of astrologists. According to scholars of Shari`ah, it is lawful to study astronomy; they accept that it is used in determining the direction of the qiblah.

The science of astronomy through which the movement of the sun and thus the direction of Prayer is detected is not prohibited in Islam.

On the other hand, scholars agree that astrology is a prohibited field to deal with. Ibn Taymiyah said: “Astrology that is concerned with studying the positions and aspects of celestial bodies in the belief that they have an influence on the course of natural earthly occurrences and human affairs is prohibited by Almighty Allah’s Book, the Sunnah, and the unanimous agreement of the Muslim scholars. Furthermore, astrology was considered forbidden by all Messengers of Almighty Allah.”

Ibn `Uthaymeen, said: “Astrology is a kind of sorcery and fortune-telling. It is forbidden because it is based on illusions, not on concrete facts. There is no relation between the movements of celestial bodies and what takes place on the Earth.”

Origins of Astrology

There are three main branches of astrology today, namely Western astrology, Vedic astrology, and Chinese or East Asian astrology. The study of Western astrology and the belief in it, as part of astronomy, is first. found in a developed form among the ancient Babylonians; and directly or indirectly through the Babylonians, it spread to other nations. It came to Greece about the middle of the 4th century B.C., reached Rome before the advent of the Christian era.
The history of astrology can now be traced back to ancient Babylonia, and indeed to the earliest phases of Babylonian history, in the third millennium B.C]

In Babylonia as well as in Assyria as a direct offshoot of Sumerian culture (or in general the “Mesopotamian” culture), astrology takes its place in the official cult as one of the two chief means at the disposal of the priests (who were called bare or “inspectors”) for ascertaining the will and intention of the gods, the other being through the inspection of the liver of the sacrificial animal (see omen).
Of the planets five were recognized – Jupiter, Venus, Saturn, Mercury and Mars – to name them in the order in which they appear in the older cuneiformliterature; in later texts Mercury and Saturn change places.

These five planets were identified with the gods of the Babylonian pantheon as follows:
§ Jupiter with Marduk;
§ Venus with the goddess Ishtar,
§ Saturn with Ninurta (Ninib),
§ Mercury with Nabu (Nebo),
§ and Mars with Nergal.

image

The movements of the sun, moon and five planets were regarded as representing the activity of the five gods in question, together with the moon-god Sinand the sun-god Shamash, in preparing the occurrences on earth. If, therefore, one could correctly read and interpret the activity of these powers, one knew what the gods were aiming to bring about.
The influence of Babylonian planetary lore appears also in the assignment of the days of the week to the planets, for example Sunday, assigned to the sun, and Saturday, the day of Saturn.
Today, of course, we know that the Sun and Planets are not gods. Our Earth is a planet and Sun is a star, and the other stars are distant suns. There is no reason to suppose that they control our lives any more than do the trees or the mountains.

Furthermore, modern astrology still uses the constellation dates relating to the Sun’s apparent position in 500 BC!. Since then, the slow wobble of the Earth’s axis has shifted the dates, but the astrologers have not adapted to this!!

image

What Quran Says About Sun, Moon and the Stars

The Sun Moon and the stars are nothing but Allah’s creation. They are all working under Allah’s command and have been made for the purpose of serving mankind. There is no reason at all to believe that they can somehow control our destiny or effect our lives on earth because as Muslims we should be well aware that the knowledge of destiny is only with Allah and is written in Loh e Mahfooz. (The preserved Tablet in the heavens)

The following are some of the purposes of creating Sun, Moon and Stars as mentioned by Allah Subhana Wa ta’ala in the Quran.
Sun and the Moon are signs of Allah

“And from among His Signs are the night and the day, and the sun and the moon.”  [Quran 41:37]

Sun and Moon help in counting Years and Months

“It is He Who made the sun a shining thing and the moon as a light And measured out its (their) stages, that you might know the number of years and the calculation. [Quran 10:5]

Sun and Moon Help in fixing time of Prayers

“Perform As Salât from mid-day till the darkness of the night (i.e. the Zuhr, ‘Asr, Maghrib, and ‘Ishâ’ prayers), and recite the Qur’ân in the early dawn. [Quran 17: 78]

Stars are for the beautification of the sky

“And indeed, We have put the big stars in the heaven and We beautified it for the beholders.”   [Quran 15:16]

Stars for decoration and guarding the Heavens

“And We adorned the nearest (lowest) heaven with lamps (stars) to be an adornment as well as to guard (from the devils by using them as missiles against the devils). Such is the Decree of Him the All-Mighty, the All-Knower.” [Quran 41:12]

Stars for finding direction in land and sea

“It is He Who has set the stars for you, so that you may guide your course with their help through the darkness of the land and the sea. [Quran 6:97]

Before GPS ships and people traveling in the desert used stars for finding their way. My father is a sailor and he showed me the instrument used in the olden days for finding direction using stars.

Reading Horoscopes and Astrology leads to Kufr

Astrology is considered Kufr because it destroys Tawheed Al Asma Was-Sifaat (The Unity of Allah’s Names and Attributes . Such beliefs give planets and stars some of God’s unique qualities, most prominent among them “Qadr” –Destiny. It is clearly stated in Holy Quran:

“And with Him are the keys tot he ghayb [all that is hidden], none knows them but He and He knows whatever there is in [or on) the earth and the sea; not a leaf falls, but the knows it. There is not a grain in darkness of the earth nor anything fresh or day, but is written in a clear record.” [6:59]

“Say: None in the heavens and the earth knows the ghaby (unseen) except Allaah, nor can they perceive when they shall be resurrected.”  [27:65]

Nay, they have no knowledge of the Hereafter. Nay, they are in doubt about it. Nay, they are blind about it.  [Surah Namal 27:66]

Say (O Muhammad Sallallaahu alayhi wasallam): “I possess no power of benefit or hurt to myself except as Allâh wills. If I had the knowledge of the Ghaib (unseen), I should have secured for myself an abundance of wealth, and no evil should have touched me. I am but a warner, and a bringer of glad tidings unto people who believe.” [Surah A’araf 7:188]

In the light of Sayings of Muhammad (Sallallaahu alayhi wasallam):

Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) said: “What I fear most for my nation after my time is: the injustice of their leader, the belief in the stars and the denial of divine destiny.” [Ibn Asakir]

One who seeks his horoscope comes under the ruling contained in the Prophet’s (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) statement: ‘The Salaah (daily prayer) of whoever approaches a fortuneteller and asks him about anything will not be accepted for forty days and nights.’ [Saheeh Muslim vol.4,p. 1211, no 5440]

If, however, one believes in the predictions of their horoscope, whether spoken by an astrologist or written in books of astrology, he falls directly into Kufr (disbelief) as stated by the Prophet (sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) “Whoever approaches an oracle or fortune-teller and believes in what he says, has disbelieved in what was revealed to Muhammad.” [Reported by Abu Hurayrah and collected by Ahmad and Abu Dawud (Sunan Abu Dawud (English Trans.), vol. 3, p. 1095, no. 3895).]

Conclusion

It is well established scientifically that stars and planets are not gods and thus there is no possible way that they can control life on earth. More so as Muslims we know very well from the Quran that destiny is controlled only by Allah and the knowledge of the future and the unseen only rests with Allah. Quran makes it very clear the purpose of creating stars and planets and the sun and the moon so there is no possible reason to believe that stars and planets influence our lives.
And most importantly believing in astrology leads to Shirk -Polytheism as it gives divine powers to stars. So all those Muslims who are just reading horoscopes for fun and trying to find out what is in their future through any means like cup reading, palmistry, numbers etc should know they are committing shirk “in fun”.

And Shirk is the one and only sin Allah will never ever forgive unless you Sincerely repent from it and never do such a thing again.
May Allah guide us away from such acts of shirk. Aameen.

Is Kosher Meat Halaal?? Not Really

Courtesy: albalagh.net

There are several issues with Kosher:

1. In Judaism, the rules and methods of slaughtering are not open and published. Unlike in Islam, where any adult sane Muslim can slaughter an animal by following the rules prescribed by Shariah, in Judaism only one kind of Rabbi, known as the Sachet, may slaughter Kosher animals. The Sachet is specially trained for this purpose and no other Jew can slaughter an animal.

Although Jews say that they slaughter in the name of God, we do not know what else they say in Hebrew while slaughtering. Their prayers and methods of slaughtering are in the hands of a few people and are not generally known.

2. The Sachet does not say prayers on all animals he slaughters at a time. Instead, he only says prayers on the first and last animals he slaughters. For example, if a Sachet has to slaughter ten cows, he will only say the prayer on the first and tenth cow while slaughtering, saying nothing on the cows in between.

This method of slaughtering is not similar to the method prescribed by Shariah for Hanafi fiqh, nor is it similar to the practice of Ahle-kitab at the time of our beloved Prophet Mohammed Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam. Meat slaughtered by Ahle kitab was considered halaal because of similarity in the slaughtering method and in the Niyyah at that time.

These are the reasons why most Ulama do not consider Kosher meat as halaal.

If a Muslim is not in danger of death, he must avoid eating haraam food at any cost. If halaal meat is not available, one can eat fish or vegetables or can even go to the slaughter house to slaughter an animal himself. There are many halaal food stores online who can ship frozen Zabiha meat or Zabiha meat food products overnight. There is no excuse to eat non-zabiha meat or kosher meat in USA.

Zabiha products can easily be found in a big city like New York City. In addition, there are many Muslim-owned restaurants that serve zabiha meat and there is no excuse to eat Kosher.

Haraam Hookah

image

Majlisul Ulama

QUESTION:  What  is  the  Shariah’s  viewpoint  regarding smoking  hookah?  It  has  become  a  craze  among  many youngsters  –  boys  and  girls. One  Maulana  says  that  it  is Makrooh  Tanzihi.   Please comment.

ANSWER:  There  is  no  scope   for  permissibility  in  the  Shariah  for  the  filthy,  harmful hookah  fad.  It  is  absolutely intolerable  for  Muslim  girls  to indulge  in  this  act  of  satanism. Medical  experts  have  confirmed  that  it  causes  mouth cancer  –  (South  African Dental Association).

MIND AND BODY:  Mouth cancer  warning  to  young  people

DANGERS  OF  SMOKING HUBBLY

“The  Association  released  shock  statistics  on  oral  and oro-pharyngeal  cancers  at  a recent  media  briefing,  including  the  link  with  smoking  dagga.  In  the  past  these  types  of cancer  mostly  occurred  in adults  over  the  age  of  45,  but they  have  become  increasingly prevalent  in  people  between 20  and  30.       

The  hubbly  bubbly  pipe  exposes  the  user  to  a lot  more  carbon  monoxide than  cigarette  smoke.”  [The Herald]

According  to  the  Shariah Dharar  (the  element  of  harm) is  a  factor  of  prohibition.  Poison  is  haraam  on  account  of  Dharar  and  so  is  eating  sand, glass,  etc..  Hookah  is  haraam on  the  basis  of  several  factors of  prohibition:

Dharar,  fisq  and  fujoor  gatherings  of  teenagers,  destruction  of  the  haya  of  girls,  and wastage  of  money  and  time.  There  is  no  scope  for  permissibility  of  hookah.  

Also Read: Shari’ah Prohibits Cigarettes & Tobacco

‘Stylish’ so-called ‘Abayas & Niqaabs’ in the Light of Shariah

[Majlisul Ulama]

ALLAH TA’ALA COMMANDING Muslim women, states in the Qur’aan Shareef: 

“And, remain inside your homes, and do not make an exhibition (of yourselves) such as the displays of Jahiliyyah (the pre-Islam days of ignorance and immorality of the pagan Arabs).”

The first and foremost requirement of Hijaab (Purdah) is the Waajib requirement of remaining indoors. Emergence from the home for women when not occasioned by a true need allowed by the Shariah, is flagrant violation of the Qur’aan’s prohibition, as well as of many Ahaadith of Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam).

When there is a valid reason, the Shariah allows women to emerge from their homes fully covered, with their normal, flowing Islamic dresses concealed by means of unattractive outer-cloaks (jilbaabs /burqahs).

STYLISH

The type of long Arabian dresses which women of purdah-pretence nowadays wear is not a Shar’i jilbaab. Such dresses may be worn within the home precincts. It is not permissible for a woman to parade around in public with this type of gown / dress without it being concealed by a large outer-cloak which completely conceals the shape of the body and the style of the dress.

The long black dresses called ‘abaayah’, are not the jilbaab which the Qur’aan and Sunnah order for women to wear when circumstances of need compel them to leave the home confines. The purpose of the jilbaab is twofold: Concealment and to render the female unattractive to the vulgar gazes of fussaaq and fujjaar males, as well as to the accidental gaze of good men.

However, our womenfolk, totally ignorant of the true meaning of Hijaab and uncaring of the commands and prohibitions of the Shariah, commit deception with attractive long Arabian style dresses. While they do understand their immoral motives for donning these stylish dresses in public and for not wearing the jilbaab of the Qur’aan, they seek to deceive others by conveying the idea that they are women of Purdah when in reality the opposite is their state.

DECEIVE

Every woman is aware of the condition of her heart. While she may deceive others with her flamboyant Arabian style dress to give the impression of Purdah observance, she cannot deceive herself and Allah Ta’ala. About the corruption lurking in the nafs, the Qur’aan says:

“In fact, insaan has thorough awareness of (what is lurking) in the nafs, even if he puts forth excuses (to cover up and justify his/her acts of deception).”  

The burqahs too, nowadays, do not satisfy the Shariah’s order of jilbaab, especially the half-size and quarter-size deceptive ‘burqahs’. In fact, such ‘burqahs’ are lewd garments donned to deceive.

LICENCE

In these times, two items of Hijaab have been adopted as a licence for haraam emergence from the home and prowling in the streets and market-places. The o­ne is the fictitious ‘jilbaab’, and the other is the fictitious ‘niqaab’.

The fictitious ‘jilbaab’ is not a Shar’i jilbaab which as mentioned earlier is a large unattractive cloak concealing the entire body from above the head to the feet.

The fictitious ‘niqaab’ is not a Shar’i niqaab which should conceal the whole face without exposing the eyes. It is unlike the piece of cloth which most women don to attract the opposite sex with their eyes.

These two fictitious items have emboldened women who are bereft of Purdah of the heart—the heart which is the seat of haya and purdah—and are regarded as licence to wander around outside the home at will and desire. Consequently, women in droves roam in public places, even in casinos, whereas it is haraam for them to be. They mistakenly labour under the notion of observing purdah with their stylish Arabian dresses and little rags o­n their faces.

Similarly, they perpetrate self-deception by believing that they are purdah-nasheen ladies of Islam when they wander around the world sitting in the driving seat of vehicles with little rags tied around their faces, As for the treachery lurking in their hearts and the surreptitious glances cast hither and thither from behind the niqaab if it is a full cover, or cast by the exposed eyes from above the piece of rag supposedly covering the face, Allah Ta’ala is well aware. Neither Allah Ta’ala nor intelligent men are duped by this outer façade of deceptive ‘purdah’.

Remember that the first and foremost requirement of Hijaab is to remain glued within your homes as commanded by the Qur’aan and the Sunnah.

For more Detailed and to understand Shariah’s view on Hijaab, the reader may visit the followin post: Islamic Hijaab

Ar-Rijsul Mal’oon — The Accursed Filth [Islamic View on Gayism, Lesbianism, Masturbation, etc]

[Majlisul Ulama]

INSAAN – ALLAH’S NOBLEST CREATION

Verily we have ennobled the Children of Adam (Insaan), and We have carried them on the land and the sea, and We have nourished them with Tayyibat (halaal and wholesome food), and We have granted them superiority over numerous of Our creation [Surah al-Israa’: Aayat 70]

Allah Ta’ala has deputed the Mu’min man to be His Vicegerent on earth. Insaan is a creation enjoying vast superiority over all other forms of creation. Even the Malaaikah had been commanded to prostrate to Aadam (alayhissalaam). The Sujood was commanded to illustrate Insaan’s superiority over even the sinless Malaaikah.

Insaan will remain ennobled and superior as long as he retains his Insaaniyat (humanity). When man extinguishes his attribute of Insaaniyat, then he denegrates to depths far below the level of even dogs and pigs.

The methodology by which secular education is imparted in this age, i.e. the western secular system, effaces almost every attribute of Islamic Insaaniyat. All the noble attributes of moral excellence which sustain insaaniyat uttrerly distinguished by the libertinism which is innate in the western system of education. The immoral, debased, perverted lifestyle of the students of western universities is vociferous and conspicious evidence for this reality.

One of the prime effects of the immoral cult of westernism is sexual perversion – perversion which puts even the shayaateen to shame – perversion which not even the lowly beasts of the jungle indulge in. Western education cloaks sex perversion such as gayism, lesbianism, homosexuality, masturbation, oral sec and many other forms of sexual perversion initially unknown to even the shayaateen, with respectability. Even such perverts which put the shayaateen to shame are accorded respectability in western civilization.

Whilst Muslims of all persuasions still are unanimous in the rejection of the immoral villianies of gayism, lesbianism and homosexuality, their emulation of the western kuffaar has made sexual acts of perversion such as masturbarion and oral sex acceptable. Thus it is known that these satanic misdeeds of sexual perversion are widely practised by even Muslims of this age.

Some scholars, citing obscurities and blissfully unaware of reality, bestow the mantle of permissibility and acceptabiloty to these filthy, demeaning, immoral, accursed acts of sexual perversion. Acts of sexual perversion are morally destructive and physically debilitating. It should be well understood that  everything which Allah Ta’ala has made haraam – everything whuch is filth (rijs), in addition to the spiritual ruin following in its wake, the physical body too is harmed. Two well known physically harmful effects of the perversion of masturbation are weakening of vision, weakenung of sexual prowess and even impotency.

The worst destruction wrought by sexual perversion is the total darkening of the spiritual heart. The Noor of Imaan is effaced. The Noor of Aql is effaced. Zulmat (spiritual darkness) envelops the heart. When man’s spiritual stamina is destroyed, his insaaniyat vanishes and he becomes sub-bestial – worse than dogs and pigs. May Allah Ta’ala save us from the evil lurking in our nafs and from the snares of deception of shaitaan, the accursed one.

THE ABOMINATION OF MASTURBATION

Allah Ta’ala says in the Holy Qur’an That He has not placed on any persons a burden or a responsibility which the person cannot bear. Every command and prohibition which Allah Ta’ala has ordered Muslims to observe are fully within their control. However, the nafs and shaitaan convince people that they are unable to control their desires. This idea is fixed into the imagination and the deceived person starts to believe that he is unable to withdraw himself from the crime or evil in which he is involved.

The sin of masturbation is an evil of exceptionally grave implications in both this world world and the Aakhirah. For a couple of minutes of nafsaani and carnal pleasure, the Mu’min sacrifices his everlasting pleasure of the Aakhirah and in addition invites great worldly calamities on himself. Among the calamities of the hereafter for this evil act, is the disgrace mentioned in the following Hadith:

“The Masturbator is Mal’oon (cursed by Allah Ta’ala).”

“On the day of Qiyaamah the masturbator’s hand will be pregnant”

Everyone will then see the disgrace of the masturbator. Besides these, there are other severe punishments in store for these evil act.

Among the worldly punishments for this crime is the later sexual impotency which the masturbator will suffer. In later years after marriage he will regret when it is too late to regret. The Masturbator becomes sexually weaker with each act of Masturbation until it will reach a degree that he will not be able to satisfy his wife’s sexual desire.  This will lead to grave problems in married life. Numerous people who had involved themselves in this abomination run around for medical treatment in a bid to gain sexual prowess, but every treatment fails because the impotency is a punishment from Allah Ta’ala for having committed the unnatural abuse.

It is therefore, essential that you sum up courage and seek Allah’s aid and suppress your nafs. Remember that nothing can be achieved without struggling against the nafs. Mujaahadah is essential. Dua’ is not sufficient is such things. The need is to struggle and ask Allah’s help.

Ask yourself the question: “If the urge for this evil rises in me and even if it appears to be overwhelming, will I indulge in it if my Ustaadh is standing in my presence? Will I indulge in this act if I know that my father is awake in the room watching me? Will I do this evil deed if for example Hazratji is sleeping in the bed alongside me and he is awake?”

Most certainly you will say: “No!” That you will never commit this act in such circumstances. This indicates. Allah Ta’ala has in fact created sufficient willpower in every person to combat the urge of the nafs. But we are deceived and tricked by shaitaan to believe that we are unable to restrain ourselves. If one truly is unable to restrain oneself, then how come a person is able to restrain himself when in the presence of his seniors?

Now you should ponder that Allah Ta’ala is watching your every move in the darkness of the room. While you are perpetrating the vile deed, Allah Ta’ala looks on. The two recording Angels are standing nearby looking on, shaking their heads in shame and recording the evil deed with great grief. Is your Ustaadh, your father and Hadhratji more important than Allah Ta’ala? Nauthubillah!

You can restrain yourself if you know your seniors are with you in the room, but you think that you cannot restrain yourself when even you have the knowledge of the fact that Allah Ta’ala and the Malaaikah too are with you in the room where you are committing this very grave and immoral misdeed.

Tell yourself, “What would be my condition, if my maut (death) comes while I am indulging in this act? How will I face Allah Ta’ala on the Day of Qiyaamah if I have to die in the process of this very evil deed? People have died in such vile circumstances, thereby destroying their life of the Aakhirah.

When the urge for this evil deed rises in you. Immediately recite Audhubillahi.. and Wala Haula.. Get up, perform Wudhu and two rak’ats of Nafl Salaah and sit a few minutes in Thikrullah. By repearedly doing so and pondering in the way explained above, Insha-Allah, you will overvome the onslaught of the nafs and regain your purity.

If you are not going to muster up courage and make mujaahadah against your nafs, your ilm will be devoid of noor. There will be no Barakat in the knowledge you pursue and no Barakat in your life. You will be constantly under the Wrath and Curse of Allah Ta’ala. May Allah Ta’ala save us all. The walls, the bed, the floor and everything in the room will bear evidence in the Aakhirah of the vile deed you are indulging in.

I take an oath by Allah Ta’ala that it is not difficult to suppress your nafs and over come its evil urge. You only have to abandon your imagination and a few times muster up courage. Break out of the room when the urge comes and take wudhu.

When the bandah tries, Allah Ta’ala will then send His Aid. But if you are not going to struggle,  you should not expect Allah’s aid. We make dua’ that Allah Ta’ala saves us all from the evil lurking in our nafs.

ORAL SEX

“We have created man in the most beautiful form; then, We return him to the lowest of the low ones”   [Surah Teen]

Man has been created as a bearer of high and noble attributes. In him, he mirrors the attributes of divinity (Sifaat-e-Ilahiyyah) such as life, knowledge, power, will, sight, hearing, speech, love, etc. In the authoritative tafseer of the aforementioned aayat it is said that Insaan (man) gas been adorned with the noor of Aql (The light of intelligence). This celestial faculty of intelligence creates in Insaan the capacity for the manifestation of the lofty and divine attributes of Allah Ta’ala. By virtue of the Noor of Aql mam becomes incandescent by being a mirror for these lofty attributes and manifestations (Tajalliyaat-e-Zilliyah and Sifaat-e-Zaatiyah). As a direct consequence of this lofty pedestal which Insaan occupies in the Divine Scheme, the Mantle of Khilafah (Vicegerency) has been conferred on him. Stating this fact, the Qur’aan declares: “Verily I shall be creating on earth a Khalifah  In the Tafseer of the aayat mentioned at the beginning, it is also said that  in relation to all other species of life, man has been endowed with the most beautiful form. All other animals have been created in a lowly form with their heads downwards. Their faces constantly pointing downwards to the earth indicate their low rank in relation to man. In contrast, man has been created upright and he eats his food by means of raising it with his hands unlike the lowly beasts with faces downwards.

HIS DEBASEMENT

In the tafseer of the Aayat it is said that when man willingly destroys his natural ability to progress to the pedestal of elevation, he degenerates and falls from his lofty mansion. He then falls to the levels lower than every vile creature. According to the authentic tafseer he reaches levels lower than than the levels of dogs, pigs and even shayaateen.

SUPERIORITY

According to the authentic tafseer, prior to the creation of Aadam (alayhissalaam), the Malaaikah (angels) entertained the opinion that Allah Ta’ala will not create any being superior to them. Allah Ta’ala negated this opinion of the Malaaikah by creating Adam (alayhissalaam) and making him a manifestation of Divine attributes. To illustrate Insaan’s superiority over all species of all creation, Allah Ta’ala commanded the Malaaikah to make sajdah (prostration) to him (Nabi Aadam alayhissalaam). The superiority of man is well emphasised by the statement of Rasulullah (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam): “Allah created Aadam in His (Allah’s) Form”. Insha-Allah, this Hadith will be explained in greater detail at some later stage.
Here it is sufficient to mention the interpretation of the shariah who explain the similarity on the grounds of man’s attributes of intelligence, sight, hearing, etc. These lofty attributes are located in that part of the human body called the head.

It is for this reason the Rasulullah (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) forbade striking or slapping the face of any human being or even an animal. In the tafseer of the Qur’anic aayat which permits husbands to beat wives in cases of necessity, it is said, “The face shall not be slapped”. Explaining the reason for this prohibition  of slapping the face, Imam Nawawi (rahmatullah alayh) says in Sharhul Muslim: “Because the face is the embodiment of man’s beauty in addition to it being of sublime nature”.

THE LATAA’IF-E-SITTAH

In man there are six metaphysical or non-material or spiritual faculties know as Lataa’if-e-Sittah. Two of these lofty faculties, viz., Lataa’if Khafi and Latifah Akhfa are located in the head. The Latifah Akhfa is located in the centre on the brain while the location of Latifah Khafi is between the eyebrows. The functions of these faculties are the highest states of reflection and contemplation, progressing from the high state of Fanaa to Fanaa-ul-Fanaa. These are spiritual or ruhaani stages which shall not be discussed in this article.

PATHWAY OF QUR’AAN

In the Ahadith, the following narration appears:

“Verily your mouths are the pathways of Qur’aan, therefore purify your mouths with miswaak”.

The Makhaarij or places from whence the Qur’aanic Huroof  (letters) emanate are located in the mouth. The highest ibaadat of Tilaawat of the Qur’aan Shariff is effected via the mouth, hence the hadith describes the mouth as “The Pathway of Qur’aan”. Since it is, literally speaking, the channel for the recitation of the Qur’aan Shareef, Rasulullah (Sallallaahu alayhi Wasallam) emphasised much the maintainance of its purity. The emphasis on the purity of the mouth could be gauged from the many times Rasulullah (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wasallam) would use the miswaak everyday to clean his mouth. The practice of the miswaak is strongly stressed by the Shariah. In one hadith, Rasulullah (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) said:

“When the servant of Allah uses the miswaak and the performs Salaat, an angel stands behind him, listening attentively to the recitation of the Qur’aan Shariff. The angel draws closer and closer to the reciter and places his mouth on the mouth of the musalli. Thus every word emanating from the mouth of the musalli enter’s the angel’s mouth, therefore maintain your mouth pure and clean for the Qur’aan.”

ZIKRULLAH

The actual purpose underlying the creation of man is Zikrullah or the Remembrance of Allah Ta’ala. Rasulullah (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) ordered Muslims to maintain their tongue fresh with the zikr of Allah Ta’ala.

The facts mentioned above will indicate that Insaan is Ashraful Maqlooqat (the noblest of creation) and the noblest part of his body is his head which is the location for lofty faculties and attributes whivh earn for him the designation of “the form of Allah”. In order that he maintains his lofty rank and progresses continously towards loftier mansions and closer Divine Proximity, it is essential that man exercises restraint over his physical and animal qualities. If he fails in this respect, he will descend to a level below the lowly beasts. Allah Ta’ala has endowed man with intelligence, will-power and shame. He must employ these attributes to subdue his animal and carnal desires and refrain from indulgence in the excesses of his lust. If he fails in this achievement he will annihilate himself spiritually and degenerate to sub-animal levels.

The sublimity of Islam is of such lofty degree that it exhorts its adherents to adopt dignity, deportment and propriety in even sexual relationship. Rasulullah (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) advised his Ummah to abstain from total nudity when indulging in sex and behave “like asses” . Since Islam is a culture of transcendal values calculated to ensure maximum remembrance of Allah Ta’ala, a Muslim should not debase himself to a sub-animal level by resorting to the vile practice of oral-sex.

The mouth of Insaan is the pathway of the Qur’aan Majeed, his tongue has been commanded to remain fresh with Zikrullah; his mouth is situated in the noblest part of his body; the functions of his mouth are noble and lofty; his mouth is the passageway for transference of the recited Qur’aan Majeed into the mouth of the listening angel. He cannot, therefore, debase and dishonour himself so disgracefully by resorting to the revolting practice of oral sex. A Muslim should not dishonour that head and face which the shariah of Islam commands to be honoured. Allah Ta’ala honoured the human head with noble qualities, the highest being the Noor of Aql, but man debases that lofty part of his body by indulging in an act of bestiality not even vommitted by the lowly beasts. It does not behove man in general, and a Muslim in particular to degrade himself in this manner.

The Mu’min’s link with Allah Ta’ala is so strong or ought to be so strong that the Shariah gas prescribed a particular dua’ to be recited even when a man approaches his wife for sexual relations. Even at the moment of reaching climax and ejaculation, the Mu’min is required to read in his mind (without moving the lips) a special dua’ so that he remains protected from any shaitaani interferences. We learn from the Hadith of Rasulullah (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) that shaitaan attempts to interfere with man even while he indulges in lawful sex, hence the wordings of the special dua’ for this occasion is:

“O Allah! Protect us from shaitaan and protect the offspring you grant us, from shaitaan”

Allah Ta’ala has honoured man highly, hence the Qur’aan says: “Verily, We have honoured the sons of Aadam (alayhissalaam).” He is therefore not allowed to debase himself with bestial acts which even the lowly beasts do not commit.

The mouth is an honoured part of the physical body. It is not a receptacle of impurity. The shariah emphasises the maintenance of purity, even in the developing foetus, Allah Ta’ala has arranged for the maintenance of the purity of the mouth. The umbilical cord connects the developing embryo to its mother. It is the passageway in which exchange of nutrients and waste materials with the circulatory system of the mother takes place. In man the umbilical cord arises at the navel below which is the location of the rebellious nafs which reduces man to sub-animal levels if not restrained. Why does Allah Ta’ala not create the foetus with the umbilical cord attached to its mouth so that its nutrition reaches it in the normal way, viz., via the mouth? Right until the very last moments prior to its emergence into the external world, the baby’s nutrition is via the umbilical cord. Immediately on reaching the outside world its nourishment reaches it from the mouth. Since the umbilical cord is also the passageway for impure waste matter, its connection is near to the lowly nafs. The mouth has thus been guarded against impurities.

The facts presented in this article should be sufficient to convey to Muslims that their Imaan and the spirit of the teachings of Islam do not permit them to grovel in the dregs of debasement and perpetrate moral injustice by utilising the mouth for deriving sexual pleasure. This is not the function of the mouth. It is misappropriation of an amaanat (trust). All parts of the body are amaanat which have to be utilised in accordance with the instructions of Allah Ta’ala. Such contamination and moral pollution as entailed by oral sex are most unbecoming the dignity and rank of man, especially if the Insaan happens to be a follower of the illustrious shariah of Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam). Allah Ta’ala states in the Qur’aan Shariff:

“Verily, Allah Loves those who purify themselves.”

Question: A Young Mufti says that Oral Sex is Jaaiz. Please comment

Answer: The debasing and sub-human act called oral sex is not permissible. The young mufti sahib has much to learn.

Question: A Shafi’i alim told me that according to his Madh-hab sperm is paak (clean/tahir, not impure), hence oral sex is permissible.

Answer: Tell this man that inspite of sperm being ‘paak’ in his Madh-hab, his Madh-hab says that when he ejaculates sperm he becomes so polluted that ghusl becomes wajib. The degree of pollution which sperm causes prohibits him from even using his tongue to recite even one verse from the Qur’aan Shareef. This is the type of qiyaas (analogical reasoning) which the juhhaal (ignoramuses) of today employ to legalize evil, immorality and haraam acts. May Allah Ta’ala save Muslims from such deceits who parade as Alims.

HOMOSEXUALITY

One of our reader writes, “Recently I met a person who appeared very feminine. However, I was informed that the person is a Muslim male. Could you please explain such persons – homosexuals and the like – in the light of Islam? This subject is never dealt with. How does one identify such persons? For example: A child is born male but whilst growing up some changes may occur such as an inclination to feminine way of speech and dress. In some cases a person appears as a normal male but has a tendency towards male relationship. How does one cope with such a problem Islamically, socially, medically, etc.? In some cases, some persons possess both male and female sexual organs. Please enlighten us.”

Answer: A homosexual is a person who engages in unnatural sexual relations with a member of his own sex, i.e. with a male. Female ‘homosexuals’ are known as lesbians. Such unnatural acts are evil, immoral and haraam. The punishment for this type of abomination is severe in this world as well as in the Hereafter. If convicted in an Islamic court of Law, severe punishment is meted out.

Homosexuality is not the consequence of mental imbalance or insanity. It is the result of the evil of the nafs (man’s lowly carnal self) in the same way as fornication and other acts of immorality and sins are the effect of the evil nafs. A person who indulges in adultery does so because of the evil of his/her nafs, not because of any defect in the mind. The same applies to those who indulge in the immoral and unnatural act as homosexuality.

Those born with both male and female sexual organs are known as khunthaa (hermaphrodites).
They are not homosexuals. According to the shariah there are three types of khunthaa:

(1) Those born with both male and female organs, but the male sexual organ is functionary i.e. if the urination is by the male organ. The shariah classifies such hermaphrodites as males.

(2) If the Khunthaa urinayes via the female organ, the person is classified as a female.

(3) If the urination is by the way of both male and female organs, it will have to be ascertained from which organ the urination occurs first. If by the male organ first, the child will be classified a male and if by the female organ first, it will be a female.

This system of classification will apply to the new-born baby.

When the hermaphrodite attains buloogh (puberty) classification will be determined by physical development of the various organs and inclination. If for example a beard grows or by nature the khunthaa is attracted to females then the person will be classified as a male. If female breasts appear or haidh (menstruation) occurs, the khunthaa will be classified a female. Of neither male nor female signs assert themselves and no particular tendency is dominant, the person will be described as khunthaa-Mushkeil. Neither male nor female.

Once the hermaphrodite has been positively classified, the persons will be a member of the sex to which he/she has been assigned and all shari’i rules will apply.

With regard to the tendencies and inclinations of the hermaphrodites, there are two kinds. The one type of hermaphrodite imitates the opposite sex by deliberate design. Such hermaphrodites have been cursed by Rasulullah (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam). Their expulsion was ordered by Rasulullah (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam). Women have to adopt Purdah for them. Such accursed persons should not be permitted to appear in the presence of females according to the shariah.

The second type of hermaphrodite has certain inclinations and tendencies by nature. They do not consciously simulate a particular sex. This class is ma’zoor (excused) and liable for punishment. Hermaphrodites, while having the deformity of two sets of sexual organs do not normally suffer deformity of the mind. They are not insane. Once the hermaphrodite has been positively classified, he or she will have to abide by the restrictions and rules applicable to his/her sex. If the khunthaa has been classified as a male and he indulges in sexual relations with a man, he will be guilty of the sin of homosexuality.

A child born with only male organs will be a male even if female inclinations develop in him at a later stage. Such a person, i.e. with only male organs, is neither a hermaphrodite nor a homosexual. Yes, if he commits homosexuality, he will be he will be known as a homosexual liable for the punishment which an Islamic court will prescribe. But, he is a male and according to the Shariah he is prescribed to control his emotions even if he is abnormal and unnatural. He has to make mujaahdah (strive) against the nafs just as the man who desires to commit fornication has to strive against his nafs. A man under severe nafsaani temptation to fornicate cannot argue extenuating circumstances for his sin. The Shariah will not accept his arguments. Similarly, the one who commits homosexuality has no valid reason to vindicate himself for indulgence in unnatural acts of abomination.

It is not the Aql (intelligence) which produces the desire to commit evil, be the evil natural such as sexual relations with the opposite sex, or unnatural such as sexual relations  with members of the same sex. The carnal nafs in the human beings impelled by the shaitaan induces the person to perpetrate immorality of all kinds. Every person is therefore commanded by Islam to resort to mujaahadah (striving) against his carnal desires and evil promptings.

If the hermaphrodite has been classified as the member of a particular sex, it will be permissible for that person to resort to medical aid to eliminate the other unwanted sexual organ, etc.

If the person is a khunthaa mushkiel (neither male or female) medical aid may be resorted to with a view to bringing about the assertion of the functions of one set of organs  so that the peraon may be classified. When a khunthaa mushkeil dies, ghusl will not be given to the body. Yes, Tayammum will be made for it.

ACCURSED

“Rasulullah (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) cursed such males who imitate women and such women who imitate men” -Bukhari

DESTRUCTION OF THE NATION OF HOMOSEXUALS

The Dead Sea region was the land of the homosexuals and the gays. The region with its entire population destroyed by Allah’s terrible punishment comprised of the towns and cities of Mee’ah, Sa’rah, Asra, Dawma and Sadoom. Sadoom was the largest city. All these cities together with all the inhabitants were utterly annihilated by Allah’s punishment which came in three forms:

(1) A mighty scream which shattered their ears and internal organs.

(2) Overturning of the cities. The Angel dug his wing deep into the earth under these vile locations and taking the entire region into space, flipped it upside down to be crushed into obliteration.

(3) A horrendous shower of brimstones. Each stone was inscribed with the name of a homosexual who was struck with precision by the stone ordained for him.

Narrating the episode of the homosexuals and their annihilation, the Qur’aan says: 

“And remember Loot when he said to his people: ‘What do you commit such immoral abomination which no one in the universe had perpetrated before you?’ Verily, you approach for sexual gratification men instead of women. In fact, you are a grossly transgressing people.” 

The response of his people was nothing but that they said: ‘Expel them (Loot and his group) from your town. They are a group who seek to be holy.’ 

Then We saved him and his family, except his wife (who was a kaafir) She was of those who remained behind (to be obliterated by the punishment).” 

We showered on them torrential rain (of brimstone as mentioned in other verses). So see what was the disastrous end of criminals.” [Surah Al- A’raaf, aayaat 80 – 84]

The villainy and destruction of the homosexuals are mentioned in several places in the Qur’aan Majeed. The people of Nabi Loot (alayhis salaam) were the first on earth to initiate the unnatural, immoral, filth of homosexuality. This filth had so deranged their hearts and brains, rendering them incapable of distinguishing between male and female. Homosexuality became the accepted and ‘natural’ norm among them in the same way as the South African constitution has created honour and respect for this abomination. 

The stones which struck each and every homosexual was a special type of hard-baked pebble, each pebble bearing the name of the filthy criminal it had to strike. Every homosexual was overtaken by the chastisement except one man who was at that time on a trade -journey in the Haram of Makkah. He was saved from the  punishment for 40 days due to his presence in Makkah. After  40 days, as soon as he reached outside the precincts of the  Haram, the stone on which his name was inscribed struck him, and he too perished. 

Also, all homosexuals who were not inside the doomed towns when the punishment struck, but who were on journies were killed by their respective stones. Nabi Loot’s wife who was a kaafirah was also killed by the punishment.

The Dead Sea remains to this day an ominous monument to remind mankind of the terrible fate which overtook the nation of gays and homosexuals. Similar fates await nations in this age who have legalized and bestowed respect on homosexuality, lesbianism and gayism. Allah’s Athaab will most certainly overtake and utterly destroy the perpetrators and legalizers of this filth and unnatural abomination which puts dogs, pigs and devils to shame. Since the act of homosexuality is unnatural – an upside down act of filth – one form of the punishment was also ‘upside down’ to symbolize  the wickedness of the rijs (filth) of this abomination. The ‘upside down’ dimension of the three-fold punishment was that Hadhrat Jibraeel (alayhis salaam) took the entire region decadent with the filth of homosexuality, to a certain height in space, then smashed it to earth upside down.

May Allah Ta’ala save us all from the evil in our nafs and from His Wrath.

Shari’ah Prohibits Cigarettes & Tobacco

All praise is due to Allah alone, and may the Peace and Blessings be upon Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallaam) the last of the Prophets.

I was asked about the ruling concerning tobacco, in which many ignorant and fooling people are enamored, inspite of the fact that every person knows that we have stated its prohibition. We, our scholars and teachers, their teachers and all the truth seeking scholars and the rest of the Muslim world, from the time of its onset around 1010 A.H until this day, have stated its prohibition, all basing their evidence from the principles of the Madh-habs and observations.

For this reason, I had at first felt that it was not appropriate to answer this question, but since it was the due right of the questioner, and since this Khabeeth, as one would never expect, has become so prevalent, I decided to proceed in answering it.

So I say:

There is no doubt that cigarettes are something Khabeeth and putrid, and that at times have intoxicating attributes, while at other times they act as a sedative. Its prohibitio  is based upon authentic texts from the Qur’an and Sunnah, sound reasoning and also from the statements of the physicians and others who are well-informed in its regard.

The First: Authentic Sources

Allah Ta’ala says in the Qur’an:

“And those who follow the Messenger, the Prophet who can neither read or write, whom they find written with them in  the Tawraah (Torah) and the Injeel (Gospels), ordering them with al-ma’roof (all things ordained by Islam) and prohibiting them with al-munkar (all thing prohibited by Islam), and allows for them at-tayyibaat (all things good and pure) and prohibits them al-khabaa’ith (repulsive & evil)” [Surah al-A’raaf 7: 157]

It has been related in a Hadith in Sahih al-Bukhari on the authority of ‘Umar (radhiyallahu anhu), who said that the Prophet (sallallaahu alayi wasallam) said:

“Every intoxicant is considered Khamr (wine) and every khamr is haraam (impermissible)”

.  .  . and in the wording of Muslim:

           “. . . And every intoxicant is haraam”

And it has also been related by Tirmidhi (which he stated as a hasan hadith) and Abu Dawud:

“Every intoxicant is haraam and anything of which a large amount intoxicates, even a small amount is haraam”

All of these noble verses and authentic Ahadith establisb its prohibition, for at times, this khabeeth is an intoxicant, and at other times a sedative, and none object to this fact except those who reject the reality of their senses. Without any doubt, these texts also confirm the prohibition of all other types of intoxicants and sedatives.

It has been related by Imam Ahmad and Abu Dawud on the authority of Umm Salamah (radhiyallahu anha), that she said:

“The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) prohibited every intoxicant and sedative”

Al-Hafidh Az-Zayn Al-‘Iraqi says,

“Its Isnad is sahih”, and as-Suyuti also declared it to be sahih in his book, Jaami As-Sahih

In a Hadith found in the Sahihayn, the Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) said:

“Verily Allah has made forbidden for you: disobedience of parents, burying alive of daughters, and demanding your rights while not giving it to others, and Be has hated for you: vain talk, persistent questioning and squandering of money”

What will follow from the statements of the forerunners of the 4 Madhaahibs will clarify what was i tended here by the Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam).

From the fuqaha of the Hanafi Madh-hab, Shaykh Muhammad al-‘Ayni mentioned in his treatise that there were four factors that leads to its prohibition:

1) Statements of Physicians and others who have knowledge in this issue have confirmed that smoki g is detrimental to one’s health, and all things that are harmful to one’s health are prohbited by the consensus of scholars.

2. Physicians consider it a drug, and all drugs are prohibited in the religion. This is established from the Hadith  of Imam Ahmad and Abu Dawud on the authority of Umm Salamah (radhiyallahu anha), that she said:

“The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) prohibited every intoxicant and sedative”

It is considered a sedative by the unanimity of the physicians, and their statements are considered an evidence by the consensus of the fuqaha from both the earlier and later generations.

3) Its repugnant odour that offenses others who do not smoke, particularly in the gatherings of prayer. In fact, it displeases the angels as well. It has been related in the Sahihayn on the authority of Jabir (radhiyallahu anhu), that the Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) said:

“Whoever has eaten garlic or onion is to keep away from us and our Masaajid and is to keep to his house”

It is a matter of fact that the odor which emanates from cigarettes is not less displeasing than the odor of garlic or onions. In another hadith in the Sahihayn, also in the authority of Jabir (radhiyallahu anhu), the Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) said:

“The Angels are irritated by what Humans are irritated by”

In another hadith, the Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) said:

“Whoever causes distress to a Muslim has caused me distress and whoever causes me distress has causes distress to  Allah” [Related by at-Tabarani in Al-Awsat on the authority of Anas (radhiyallahu anhu) with a hasan isnad ]

4) It is a waste and excessiveness, for it does not contain any permissible benefit, nor is it devoid of harm. Rather, according to the people knowledgable in this field, there is genuine harm in it.

And from them is Abul-Hasan al-Misri al-Hanafi who said the following:

“Evidences from authentic traditions and deductions from sound intellect decree the prohibition of smoking.

It first appeared around the year 1000 A.H in the lands of the Jews, Christians and Zoroastrians (Majus). It was brought over to the Western Lands of Islam (al-Maghreb) by a Jew, claiming to be a man of medicine, who invited people to partake in it. The firat person to import it to Ar-Rum (Byzantium) was a person named Ataclean, a Christian.

The first person that grew it in the lands of Sudan was a Zoroastrian (Majus). It was then brought over to Misr, Hijaaz and rest of the lands.

Indeed Allah has prohibited every intoxicant. If one argues that cigarettes are not an intoxicant, it still acts as an analgesic, sedating the smoker’s whole body internally and externally. Intoxication is any type of obscuration of the mind, even if it is not associated with pleasure, and there is no doubt that this occurs when one consumes a cigarette for the first time. But if he still does not conform to the fact that it is in fact intoxicant. It does remain an analgesic and a sedative.

It has been related by Imam Ahmad and Abu Dawud on the authority of Umm Salamah (radhiyallahu anha), that she said:

“The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) prohibited every intoxicant and sedative”

The scholars have stated that a sedative is anything that causes sedation and narcotizes the extremities. This Hadith should well suffice as evidence for its prohibition, but to add to this, smoking causes much detriment to the consumer’s body and soul. It corrupts the heart, enfeebles strength and causes a yellowess in the smoker’s color.

Physician’s agree that it is detrimental. It causes harm to a person’s body, character, honor and financial condition. This is because it resembles the action of the transgressors, for the majority of the people who smoke are the disobeidient and the vile. The smoker also acquires an detestable odor.

Amongst the fuqaha of the Hanaabilah, Shaykh ‘Abdullah ibn Muhammad ibn Abdul Wahhab, after mentioning the textual evidence regarding the prohibition of intoxicants and the statements of the scholars concerning its definition, said the following in his response to tobacco:

And from what we have mentioned from the statements of the Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) and the statements of the scholars, it should now be obvious to you that the tobacco which has become prevalent in this time is strictly prohibited. And it has been established by countless sources and witnesses that it does indeed intoxicate at times, especially, if it is consumed in a large quantity. Likewise, if the smoker ceases to consume it for a day or two and then takes to it again, it intpxicates and effects the mind to the extent that the smoker could pass gas in front of people without even knowing it! We seek refuge in Allah from this sort of humiliation.

So it is not befitting for the one who believes in Allah and the Last Day that he looks of the saying of any other if the sayings of Allah and His Messenger have become clear to him in the likes of these issues, as the testimony that Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) is the Messenger of Allah constitutes obeying what he commanded, refraining from what he has prohibited and admonished, and believing in everything he informed us.

Shaykh Abdullah Ababtayn said the following in his response to tobacco:

What we believe is that it is prohibited and the reason for it is twofold:

The first reason is that if the smoker were to cease to smoke for a period and then take to it again, or if he smokes a large amount, it results in intoxication. If it does not result in intoxication, it does result in analgesia and sedition. In a marfu’ hadith related by Imam Ahmad (rahimahullah):

“The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) prohibited every intoxicant and sedative”

The second is that it is repulsive to those who are not accustomed to smoking, and the scholars have based their evidence on the saying of Allah Ta’ala:

“And He prohibits them al-Khabaa’ith”  [Surah al-A’raaf 7:157]

But as for those who are habituated to it, they do not perceive it to be khabeeth, just as a dung beetle does not perceive the replusiveness of excrement.

And from the Fuqaha of the Shafi’i Madh-hab, the scholar known as Shaykh Najm al-Ghazzi ash-Shafi’i stated the following:

Tobacco first appeared in Dimishq (Damascus) in the year 1015 A.H. The smoker claimed that it did not intoxicate. Even if we were to yield to this notion, it is still a sedative. It is just as well prohibited due to the hadith related by Ahmad, on the authority on Umm Salamah (radhiyallahu anha),

“The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) prohibited every intoxicant and sedative”

He went onto say,

To consume it once or twice is not regarded as being of the greater sins (al-kabaa’ir), except if one were to be persistent in it and the same principle applies to the rest of the smaller sins (As-Sagha’ir).

Scholars have mentioned that the smaller sins have the same ruling as the greater sins if they consist of any one of the following characteristics:

⚫ That one be persistent in it.

⚫ That importance not paid to its magnitude, by lessening its significance and not having concern for it.

⚫ That one be content or appeased by it.

⚫ That one boasts of it to people.

⚫ For it to ensue from the scholar or anyone else who is taken as example by others.

Shaykh Khalid bin Ahmad from the Maliki Madh-hab respinded by stating the following:

The Imamate of the one who smokes tobacco is not permissible, and like any other intoxicant, its trade is not permissible either.

The following are some other scholars who have prohibited tobacco and stated its impermissibility:

1)  From the scholars of Misr: Shaykh Ahmad as-Sanhouri al-Bahooti al-Hanbali.

2)  From the scholars of al-Maghreb: Abul-Ghaith al-Qashshaash al-Maliki

3)  From the scholars of Dimishq: an-Najm al-Ghazzi al-‘Aamiri ash-Shafi’i

4)  From the scholars of Yemen: Ibraheem ibn Jumu’aan and his pupil, Abu Bakr al-Ahdal

5)  From the scholars of the Haramayn: Al-Muhaqqiq Abdul-Malik al-‘Isaami and his student Muhammad bin Allaan, the commentator of Riyadh us Saaliheen and As-Sayyid ‘Umar al-Basri.

6)  From the lands of Rum: Shaylh Muhammad al-Khawaajah, ‘Eesa al Shahaawi al-Hanafi, Makki bin Farukh, As-Sayyid Sa’d al-Balkhi al-Madani, and Muhammad al-Barzanji al-Madani ash-Shafi’i.

He also added:

I saw someone who was smoking at the time of his death.  Those around him were saying to him, “Say Laa Ilaaha Illa Allah,” but instead, he said, “This cigarette is great!”

All these scholars of the Ummah and the greatest of the Imaam’s stated its impermissibility, and prohibited partaking in it in any way.

The Second: Sound Intellect

From direct observations and countless attestations, we come to know that it is detrimental to one’s health, body and mind.  Death, unconsciousness and arduous diseases, such as coughing which leads to tuberculosis, cardiac arrest, and contraction of the blood vessels have all been witnessed as a result of smoking.

When one sees these and other results of smoking, they become firm in their conviction that smoking is strictly impermissible. As sound intellect decrees that one endeavor to attain that which contains benefit and results in sound health, it also decrees that one be far removed from that which causes detriment, as it devress its prohibition.

And there can be no consideration given to those whose doubts and desires have taken root in the organs of their reasoning, until they are bewitched by false theories and notions, and they are left prisoners of their own desires.

The Third: Assertions of the Physicians

The earliest of Physicians are in agreement of the great harm found in cigarettes. One can find that they warned against three main factors:

1) Its detestable Odor,

2) Its Ashes,

3) Its smoke and fumes, their books being permeated in discourse of this factor.

Contemporary Physicians are also aware of this Khabeeth plant, and we will summarize what they have mentioned of its harm  and its constituents that cause it.

The sypnosis of what they said is as follows:

It is a leafy plant, an analgesic that is sour to the taste. After due investigation and observation, we have come to know that tobacco is of two kinds, both belonging to the family of the most poisonous plants, like henbane. It is comprised of pottasium and ammonium salts, and another substance called nicotine.

It is utilized in different manners:

1)  The first is by chewing it in the mouth, and this is the most harmful and detestable. Its analgesic effects are strong: its poisonous substances are quickly absorbed through the intestines and have a heavy effect on the nervous system.

2)  The second is by inhaling it along with other stimulants. Because it comprises of various poisonous substances, it is harmful as well.

3)  The third is by burning and smoking it, the most common of which is a cigarette, though it is also smoked through pipes and water-pipes. In all of these methods,  the smoke reaches the mouth in a state of high temperature.

Physicians have affirmed that it causes tremendous harm. Its constituents first settles in the body, and then its harm gradually becomes apparent overtime.  They have mentioned that the smoke that rises from the leaves of the tobacco contains numerous toxic substances, such as nicotine. When it enters the mouth and the lungs, it has both a general and a localized effect; when it enters the mouth, the poisonous substances found in it irritate the mucous membrane, causing an increased amount of saliva to be secreted. The chemical composition of the saliva is changed in that its digestive properties are decreased. Similarly, it also affects the secretions of the stomach, causing digestive problems. When the smoke reaches the lungs by the way of the larynx, the poisonous substances increase its secretions, possibly leading to  chronic inflammation.  The larynx is irritated resulting in cough, by which it tries to dislodge the large amount of accumulated secretions, commonly known as phlegm. Smoking also causes disruption of the pulmonary arteries and other incurable diseases of the chest. Traces of smoke (tar) are deposited on the inside of the trachea and the heart, putting pressure on its openings and decreasing the inflow of oxygen. Thus resulting in sortness of breath.

Cigarettes also causes dizziness, vertigo, headache and vomiting in those who are not used to it and those who smoke for the first time. It also causes flaccidity  of the muscles and drowsiness, which are tantamount to sedation, an inherent property of tobacco by consensus. Whosoever becomes habituated to it is afflicted with many adversities, like adulteration of taste, digestive conditions and loss of appetite, all of which are clear and obvious results.

Excessive smoking unquestionably leads to death. Whether over a period of time or instantaneously. This actually occurred in a situation  when two brothers placed a bet as to who could smoke more. One of them died before the seventeenth cigarette, while the other died before he completed the eighteenth.

Smoking causes damage to the red blood cells, interference in the regularity of the heartbeat, loss of appetite, and de-escalation of the general vitality of the nervous system, which is quote apparent to the analgesia and vertigo that ensues after its consummation by one habituated to it.

Professor Mustafa Hamaami once narrated an incident that took place:

One day I was walking with a student, when we came accross someone selling cigarettes. The student bought two from him. He lit one of them and made a solemn oath that I would tey the other. So I smoked the cigarette; I drew in its smoke and exhaled from my mouth, without fully inhaling it. He took note of it and said: “Inhale what you draw in, fpr that is what my oath was.” I did not stop and did what he said, I took one breath, and by Allah, I did not increase more than that when everything started spinning around me like a spinning mill! I immediately sat on the ground, I thought that this would be the end. I had now started to think bad thoughts about my companion. With great difficulty, I arrived at my residence. I arrived by car, and he was there helping me. After that, I stayed at home until about the end of the next day, until I did not feel the way I felt before. I told this incident to many people, exposing what was hidden from me regarding cigarettes. They informed me that cigarettes have this effect on everyone not used to it. I said, “If one breath did all this to me, then what about those who are used to it, while not a day passes and he smokes, especially those that do it excessively!”

Smoking also causes psychological disorder known as withdrawal, in which an addicted person, if he tries to forsake it,  is not able to function properly and cannot even perform his day-to-day affairs until he smokes, his condition returns to normal.

Many leading scholars and physicians have mentioned that sound intellect, let alone the religion, calls to the obligations of preserving health and preventing diseases that lead to death by abstaining from smoking. This is even more particular to those who are weak in body, the elderly who do not have the power to resist diseases, and those who have a disposition to phlegm related disorders.

And for this reason, many people try to leave it, fearing its harmful effects and detestable odor. They even say that they will divorce their spouses if they return to it, intending by that to finally give it up, but when their need for it overcomes them, they are not able to abstain. They take to it again, even if it entails divorcing their spouses, for it takes full control of the one addicted to it and affects his mind by calming him in types of frustration and anger.

And Allah knows best.

And may the Peace and Blessings of Allah be upon His slave and Messenger Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam), and upon all his family and companions.

[Shaykh Muhammad ibn Ibraheem]