Category Archives: Interesting Facts

How the Relics of the Prophet ﷺ Reached Turkey

Ottoman Sultan Abdul Hamid and the Train Project

Train connecting Istanbul to Madinah al-Munawwarah

Al Hejaz Railway Project

– Built by the order of Sultan Abdul Hamīd II of the Ottoman Empire.

– Mukhtar Bey was the engineer appointed by the Sultan.

He saw that the path of the camel caravan from Shaam to Madinah and vice versa is suitable for the train railway.

– It started on September 1900 and took seven years till it was completed.

– The 1st train to reach Al Madinah Al Munawwarah was on August 23 1908.

– The length of the Hejaz Railway is 1320 km. 705 km inside the Saudi Lands.

– There were 40 stations inside the Kindgom.

– 25 stations inside Madinah and 15 stations in Tabuk region.

– The length between two stations is approx. 20 km.

– There were 3 main stations inside the Kingdom: Madinah, Al Hajar and Tabuk.

– It continued to operate until 1916 and was destroyed during World War One by rebels led by T. E. Lawrence/Lawrence of Arabia.

When people would call him the ruler of Makkah and Madinah – he would say,
‘I am nothing but a servant of Makkah and Madinah.’

When he began the Hijaz railway project in Madinah, he made the workers wrap the end of their hammers with leather in order to avoid noise – for he feared disturbing Rasūlullāh ﷺ.

Likewise, the train tracks were covered in a special material which prevented excessive noise. And all heavy labour work was done out of the city – out of adab/respect for the Master of Madinah.

Abdu’l-Ḥamīd placed a great degree of significance on the Holy Sites – Makkah and Madīnah.

This started with renovations of the sites themselves to prevent flooding, and then the routes for Ḥajj were looked at and hospitals and barracks were built along the routes for pilgrims.
His flagship policy however was the Ḥijāz Railway.

It would begin in Istanbul travelling through Syria, Palestine and much of the Arabian desert and end in Makkah.
The aim was to better connect the Holy sites with Istanbul, and also make the pilgrimage easier.

Experts state that a journey from Istanbul to Makkah would now take only 5 days.

It was designed to strengthen the empire militarily and their control over the Arabian peninsula.

Soldiers could reach the Holy Sanctuaries in no time if it were to come under attack.

Such was his desire to protect these sites, that it was decided the railways themselves should be slightly narrower than the standard European ones. Why?

If Istanbul were to ever fall to European imperialists, he wanted to make sure they could not use the Ḥijāz Railway with European trains to easily invade Makkah and Madīnah.

Sadly, the Ḥijāz rail network was never completed and it did not reach Makkah due to the outbreak of World War One. Nonetheless, it did reach Madīnah; a great deal of care was taken completing the final stages of the route to Madīnah, each hammer was covered with leather and similarly, the trains wheels were also covered with felt to avoid excessive noise out of respect for the Prophet ﷺ .

When Madīnah finally fell to forces loyal to Ibn Sa’ūd many sacred relics such as the Prophet’s ( ﷺ ) rings were transported for safekeeping via the Ḥijāz Railway and currently reside in places like Topkapi Palace.

Why does Saudi Arabia have no Rivers?

Ever wondered why does Saudi Arabia have no rivers? If you search it on Google, you will find only 17 Countries in the World operating without a River and Saudi Arabia is the biggest of all.
It is an established fact that Saudi Arabia has no rivers which do not need my article for any support. But have you ever thought why Allah has not kept any river in Saudi Arabia? Well, there is a deep logic behind it and I will prove it by the end of this article.

What happens around the river?

Before going into details, let’s try to understand what happens around a river? The history of human beings is almost 10,000 years old. In ancient times, people used to live around the clean and drinkable water. It is also an established fact that there is no water cleaner than the water of rivers.

This is the reason; all the old cities of the world are on the bank of rivers. Alexandria, Amsterdam, Baghdad, London, Paris, Tokyo, Hong Kong, all of them are situated on the edge of rivers. When people start living at one place near to the water, many other people from surrounding areas also migrate to those cities and hence mix together.

I would not be wrong in stating that their culture, language, and lifestyle are also affected by the migrants. With the passage of time, the pure culture of primary inhabitants becomes obsolete and a new culture and language take its place which is a mixed culture.

The story starts from Prophet Ibraheem (Alayhis Salaam)

Now coming back to the basic question raised in this article, why there is no river in Saudi Arabia? This story starts 5,500 years ago when Prophet Ibraheem (Alayhis Salaam) was asked to leave his wife Hazrat Hajirah (Alayhas Salaam) and his infant son Prophet Ismail (Alayhis Salaam) in Makkah near to the house of Allah.

Prophet Ibraheem (Alayhis Salaam) and his wife used to speak the Hebrew language. It is also important to mention here that Prophet Ismail (Alayhis Salaam) and Prophet Ibrahim (Alayhis Salaam) are among the forefathers of Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) and the language in which Allah wanted to reveal the Holy Qur’an was Arabic, so it was important that the language of Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) is changed to Arabic.

Makkah was a Barren Land

When Prophet Ibraheem (Alayhis Salaam) left Hazrat Hajirah (Alayhas Salaam) and Prophet Ismail (Alayhis Salaam) to the place where the Holy Kaaba is situated today, there were no inhabitants in Makkah. It was an area without water and who would like to live in the barren, black and hard mountains. Allah gave a gift of Zamzam water to Hazrat Hajirah (which kept the mother and infant alive.

A few months later, a caravan was moving in the surrounding areas and they were in search of water. They saw some birds flying around Makkah. They knew that birds are found near the water so they continued their journey towards Makkah and finally reached to the place where Hazrat Hajirah (Alayhas Salaam) was living with his son Prophet Ismail (Alayhis Salaam) around the Zamzam well.

Why does Saudi Arabia have no Rivers?

They sought the permission of Hazrat Hajirah (Alayhas Salaam) to live around the Zamzam well which was granted. The language this tribe used to speak was Arabic and in this way, Prophet Ismail (Alayhis Salaam) was brought up speaking Arabic language and this is how the language of Prophet Muhammad’s (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) forefathers changed to Arabic.

Allah wanted to reveal the Holy Qur’an in pure Arabic language, had He given any river in Saudi Arabia, the inhabitants of surrounding areas would have migrated here which could have a negative impact upon the purity of Arabic language.

Date Palm – “The Tree of Life”

Called the “Tree of Life,” the date palm is said in Arab Muslim legend to have been made from the dust that was left over after the creation of Adam, and it was the first cultivated tree in history, having been grown in Arabia for at least 8,000 years.

Directions for the date palm’s husbandry are recorded on sun-baked bricks made in Mesopotamia (Iraq) more than 5,000 years ago, and the date palm is mentioned in the Holy Quran and in the poetry and proverbs of the Middle East. It is used as a symbol in the Arab world, particularly in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, and is the architectural inspiration for columns in the Arab world – mistakenly referred to as Corinthian columns – at both ancient and more recent sacred sites in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, East Jerusalem, Jordan, Syria, Lebanon, Turkey, Egypt, Tunisia, and Libya among other places. Ancient Phoenician coins have images of date palms.

Islam tradition regards the date palm tree as the ”Tree of Life’”, and ancient traditions place it in the Garden of Eden. The Holy Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) salutations and blessings be upon him said “There is among the trees, one which is blessed – it is the date palm, for it was created from the earth left over from the creation of Adam.”

Via Ahmed Khan

The Originator of the Term “Amma Ba`d” used in Khutbah of Yaumul Jumu’ah

By Bilal Muhammad

During the days of Jahiliyyah, there was a righteous preacher by the name of Qus bin Sa`ida al-Iyadi.

Qus was the chief of his tribe, and he was either a Christian or a Haneef. He was the first Arab to use the phrase “amma ba`d” (as for what comes after this), which became enshrined in our Friday sermons.

Qus gave a memorable speech in the `Ukath Market near Ta’if, which was the largest Arab souq at that time. A young Muhammad b. `Abdullah (s) heard the speech, which was recorded by Ibn Kathir, Bayhaqi, Haythami, and Saduq. It reads:

“O people,
Assemble, listen, and understand.
Whosoever lives shall die,
and whosoever dies has gone,
and whosoever is gone shall never return.
Verily, in the heavens there are news (khibra) and in the Earth there are lessons
– an elevated ceiling, and a spanned cradle.
The stars pass and the night turns.
The seas of water subside.
Qus swears that this is not play, but rather, there is something astonishing behind it.
I see people leave and not return.
Are they satisfied with the place they have gone to;
or left to and slept in?
Qus swears by his right hand and is not lying
– for Allah there is a religion,
and it is better than the religion that you are upon.”

ﻳﺎ ﺃﻳﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﻌﻮﺍ ﻭﺍﺳﺘﻤﻌﻮﺍ ﻭﻋﻮﺍ ، ﻣﻦ ﻋﺎﺵ ﻣﺎﺕ ، ﻭﻣﻦ ﻣﺎﺕ ﻓﺎﺕ ، ﻭﻛﻞ ﻣﺎ ﻫﻮ ﺁﺕ ﺁﺕ ، ﺇﻥ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺴﻤﺎﺀ ﻟﺨﺒﺮﺍ ، ﻭﺇﻥ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻷﺭﺽ ﻟﻌﺒﺮﺍ ، ﻣﻬﺎﺩ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ، ﻭﺳﻘﻒ ﻣﺮﻓﻮﻉ ، ﻭﻧﺠﻮﻡ ﺗﻤﻮﺭ ، ﻭﺑﺤﺎﺭ ﻻ ﺗﻐﻮﺭ ، ﻭﺃﻗﺴﻢ ﻗﺲ ﻗﺴﻤﺎ ﺣﻘﺎ ﻟﺌﻦ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻷﻣﺮ ‏[ ﺹ : 301 ‏] ﺭﺿﻰ ﻟﻴﻜﻮﻧﻦ ﺑﻌﺪﻩ ﺳﺨﻂ ، ﺇﻥ ﻟﻠﻪ ﻟﺪﻳﻨﺎ ﻫﻮ ﺃﺣﺐ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺩﻳﻨﻜﻢ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﺃﻧﺘﻢ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ، ﻣﺎ ﻟﻲ ﺃﺭﻯ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ﻳﺬﻫﺒﻮﻥ ﻭﻻ ﻳﺮﺟﻌﻮﻥ ﺃﺭﺿﻮﺍ ﺑﺎﻟﻤﻘﺎﻡ ﻓﺄﻗﺎﻣﻮﺍ ، ﺃﻡ ﺗﺮﻛﻮﺍ ﻓﻨﺎﻣﻮﺍ

Qus foretold the coming of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam). Unfortunately, he died [around] 10 years before the first revelation. But his tribe accepted the Prophet unanimously.

In Ibn Kathir, it is reported that the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said that he will be raised as his own nation on the Day of Resurrection.

گمبد خزرا کو علماء دیوبند نے بچایا

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ﻧﺤﻤﺪﻩ ﻭ ﻧﺼﻠﻰ ﻭﻧﺴﻠﻰ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺭﺳﻮﻟﻪ ﺍﻟﻜﺮﻳﻢ ﺃﻣﺎ ﺑﻌﺪ

ﺑﺴﻢ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﺍﻟﺮﺣﻤﻦ ﺍﻟﺮﺣﻴﻢ

1343 ہجری میں سلطان ابن سعود نے حجاز مقدس کی سرزمین پر قبضہ کر لیا اور حرمین شریفین کے جنت معلی اور جنت البقع کے مزاروں کے قبے گرا دیئے- جس کہ وجہ سے عام تور پر عالم اسلام کے مسلمانوں میں سخط ناراضگی پہدا ہوگئی تو سلطان نے 1343 ہجری کے موقع حج پر ایک موتمر منعقد کی- جس میں ہندوستان کے علماء کی طرف سے حضرت مفتی کفایت اللہ رحماللہ صدر جمعیت علماء ہند دہلی، حضرت علامہ شبیر احمد عثمانی، علامہ سید سلیمان ندوی، مولانا محمد علی جوہر، مولانا شوکت علی اور کچھ دیگر علماء بھی شامل ہوئے-

سلطان ابن سعود کی تقریر

اس موقع پر سلطان ابن ابن سعود نے تقریر کرتے ہوئے فرمایا:

(الف) “چار اماموں کے فروعی اختلافات میں ہم تشدد نہیں کرتے لیکن اصل توحید اور قرآن و حدیث کی اتباع کے کوئی طاقت ہمیں الگ نہیں کر سکتی خواہ دنیا راضی ہع یا ناراض-”

(ب) “یہودی و نصارا کو ہم کیوں کافر کہتے ہیں؟ اس لیے کہتے ہیں کہ وہ گیراللہ کی پرستش کرتے ہیں، لیکن ساتھ ہی یہ بھی کہتے ہہں کہ: ما نعبد ھم الا ليقربونآ اليالله زلفا (یعنی ہم انکی پوجا و عبادت اللہ تعالی کے تقریب و رضا حاصل کرنے کے لیے کرتے ہیں) تو جو لوگ بزرگان دین کی قبروں کی پرستش اور ان کے سامنے سجدے کرتے ہیں، وہ بت پرستوں ہی کی طرح کافر و مشرک ہیں-”

(ج) جب حضرت عمر کو پتہ چلا کہ کچ لوگ وادی حدیبیہ میں شجرة الرضوان کے پاس جاکر نمازیں پڑھتے ہیں تو حضرت عمر نے اس درخت کو کٹوا دیا تھا کہ آئندہ خدانخواستہ لوگ اس درقت کی پوجہ نہ شروع کردیں-”

سلطان کا مطلب یہ تھا کہ قبتے گرانا بھی درقت رضوان کٹوانے کی طرح ہی ہے-

ہندوستان کے تمام علماء نے یہ طے کیا کہ ہماری طرف سے شیخ الاسلام حضرت علامہ شبیر احمد عثمانی دیوبندی سلطان ابن سعود کی تقریر کا جواب دیں گے-

مولانا عثمانی کی ایمان افروز تقریر

مولانا عثمانی نے پھلے تو اپنی شاندار پزیرائی اور مہمان نوازی کا شکریہ ادا کیا- اس کے بعد فرمایا:

(الف) ہندوستان کے اہل سنت علماء پوری بسیرت کے ساتھ تصریح کرکے کتاباللہ اور سنت رسول صلی اللہ علی وسلم کے اتبع پر پورا زور صرف کرتے ہیں اور یہ بھی کہتے ہیں کہ رسول اللہ صلی اللہ علی آلہ وسلم کے مکمل اتبع میں ہی ہر کامیابی ہے لیکن کتاباللہ اور سنت رسول اللہ کے مواقع استمال کو سمجھنا ہر کس و ناکس کے بس کی بات نہیں- اد کے لئے صائب رائے اور صحیح اجتہاد کی اشد ضرورت ہے-

(ا) حضور صلی اللہ علی وسلم نے حضرت زینب سے نکاہ فرمایا اور اس بات کا بلکل خیال نہ رکھا کہ دنیا کیا کہے گی- دوسری طرف خانہ کعبہ کو گرا کر بنائے ابراہیمی پر تعمیر کرنے سے نئے نئے مسلمانوں کے جذبات کا لحاظ کرتے ہوئے آپ رگ گئے تا کہ دنیا والے یہ نا کہیں کہ محمد نے خانہ کابہ ڈھا دیا- دونوں موقوں کا فرق حضور کے اجتہاد مبارک پر موقوف ہیں-

(ب) اللہ تعالی نے حکم دیا: جاهد الكفار و المنافقين واغلظ عليهم- (یعنی کفار اور منافقين سے جہاد کرو اور ان پر سختی کرو) ایک طرف تو اس حکم خداوندی کا تقاضا ہے کہ کفار و منافقین کے ساتھ سختی کی جائے اور دوسری طرف آپ نے رئیس المنافقين عبداللہ بن ابی کی نماز جنازہ پڈھا دی- پھر صحابہ نے عرض کیا کہ منافقین کو قتل کر دیا جائے- مگر آپ نے بات منظور نہ فرمائی- خشية ان ليقول الناس ان محمد ايقتل اصحابه (یعنی اس اندیشہ کے پیش نظر کہ لوگ یہ نہ کھنے کگے کی محمد (صلی اللہ علی وسلم) اپنے ساتھیوں کو قتل کرتے ہیں- حالانکہ یہ دونوں باتیں واغلظ عليهم سے بظاہر مطابقت نہیں رکھتے تو اس فرق کو سمجھنے کے لیے بھی مجتہدانہ نظر کی ضرورت ہوتی ہے جو ہما و شما کے بس کی بات نہیں اور ایسے مواقع پر فیصلہ کرنے کے لیے بڑے تفقہ اور مجتہدانہ بصیرت کی ضرورت ہوتی ہے کہ نص کے تقاضے پر کھاں عمل کیا جائے گا اور کس طرح عمل کیا جائے گا- یہ تفقہ اور اجتہاد کی بات ہے-

(ب) سجدہ عبادت اور سجدہ تعظیم کا فرق بیان کرتے ہوئے مولانا عثمانی نے فرمایا:

“اگر کوئی شخس کسی قبر کو یا غیراللہ کو سجدہ کرے تو وہ قطعی طور پر کافر ہو جاتا ہے لیکن یہ ضروری نہیں کہ ہر سجدہ سجدہ عبادت ہی ہو جو شرک حقیقی اور شرک جلی ہے، بلکہ وہ سجدہ تحیت بھی ہو سکتا ہے جس کا مقصد دوسرے کی تعظیم کرنا ہوتا ہے اور ہی سجدہ تعظیمی شرک جلی کے حکم ہیں نہیں ہے- ہاں ہماری شریعت میں قطعا ناجائز ہے اور اس کے مرتکب کو سزا دی جا سکتی ہے، لیکن اس شخس کو مشرک قطعی کہنا اور اس کے قتل اور مال ضبط کرنے کو جائز قرار نہیں دیا جا سکتا- خود قرآن پاک میں حضرت آدم علیہ السلام کو فرشتوں کے سجدہ کرنے اور یوسف علیہ السلام کو ان کے بھائیوں اور والدین کے سجدہ کرنے کا ذکر موجود ہے اور مفسرین کی اظیم اکثریت نے اس سجدہ سے معروف سجدہ (زمین پر ماتھا رکھنا) ہی مراد لیا ہے اور پھر اس کو سجدہ تعظیمی ہی کرار دیا ہے- بہر حال اگر کوئی شخس کسی غیراللہ کو سجدہ تعظیمی کرے تو وہ ہماری شریعت کے مطابق گنہگار تو ہوگا، کیکن اسے مشرک، کافر اور مباح الدم و المال کرار نہیں دیا جاسکتا اور اس بیان سے میرا مقصد سجدہ تعظیمی کو جائز سمجھنے والوں کی وکالت کرنا نہیں بلکہ سجدہ عبادت اور سجدہ تعظیمی کے فرق کو بیان کرنا ہے-

رہا مسئلہ قبوں کے گرانے کا اگر ان کا بنانا صحیح نہ بھی ہو تو پم قبوں کو گرا دینا بھا صحیح نہیں سمجھتے- امیر المؤمنین ولید بن عبد الملک عبشمی (اموی) نے حاکم مدینہ عمر بن عبدالعزیز عبشمی کو حکم بھیجا کہ امہات المؤمنین کے حجرات مبارکہ کو گرا کر مسجد نبوی کی توسیع کی جائے – اور حضرت عمر بن عبدالعزیز عبشمی نے دوسرے حجرات کو گراتے ہوئے ام المؤمنین حضرت عائشہ صدیقہ زضی اللہ تعالی عنہا کا حجرہ بھی گرا دیا- جس سے حضور صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم، حضرت صدیق اکبر اور حضرت فاروق اعظم رضی اللہ عنہما کی قبریں ظاہر ہو گیئں تو اس وقت حضرت عمر بن عبدالعزیز اتنے روئے کہ ایسے روتے کبھی نہ دیکھے گیے تھے- حالانکہ حجرات کو گرانے کا حکم بھی خود ہی دیا تھا- پھر سیدہ عائشہ زضی اللہ عنہا کے حجرے کو دوبارہ تعمیر کرنے کا حکم دیا اور وہ حجرہ مبارکہ دوبارہ تعمیر کرنے کا حکم دیا اور وہ حجرہ مبارکہ تعمیر ہوا-

اس بیان سے میرا مقصد قبروں پر گنبد بنانے کی ترغیب دینا نہیں بلکہ یہ بتانا مقصود ہے کی قبر عاظم کے معاملے کو قلوب الناس میں تاثیر اور دخل ہے جو اس وقت حضرت عمر بن عبدالعزیز کے بے تہاشا رونے اور اس وقت عالم اسلام کی آپ سے ناراضگی سے ظاہر ہے-

(ج) حضرت عمر نے درخت کو اس خطرہ سے کٹوا دیا تھا کہ جاہل لوگ آئندہ چل کر اس درخت کی پوجا نہ شروع کردیں- بعیت رضوان 6 ہجری ہیں ہوئی تھی اور حضور الیہ السلام کا وسال پر ملال 11 ہجری ہیں ہوا- آپ کے بعد خلیفہ اول کے عہد خلافت کے اڑھائی سال بھی گزرے لیکن اس درخت کو کٹوانے کا نہ حضور الیہ السلام کو خیال آیا نہ صدیق اکبر کو- ان کے بعد حضرت عمر کی خلافت راشدہ قائم ہوئی- لیکن یہ بھی متعین نہیں ہے کہ حضرت عمر نے اپنی دس سالہ خلافت کے کونسے سال میں اس درخت کے کٹوانے کا ارادہ کیا- گو حضرت عمر کی صوابدید بلکل صحیح تھی لیکن یہ گنبد تو صدیوں سے بنے چلے آ رھے تھے اور اس چودھویں صدی میں بھی کوئی آدمی ان کی پرستش کرتا ہوا نہیں دیکھا گیا-

(ه) رہا وہاں نماز پڑھنا، تو حدیث معراج میں آتا ہے- کہ جبرائیل علیہ السلام نے حضور صلی علیہ وسلم کو چار جگہ براق سے اتر کر نماز پڑوائی- پھلے مدینہ میں اور بتایا کہ یہ جگہ آپ کی ہجرت کی ہے، دوسرے جبل طور پر کہ یھاں اللہ تعالی نے حضرت موسی علیہ السلام سے کلام فرمایا- پھر مسکن حضرت شعیب پر چوتھے بیت اللہم پر جھاں حضرت عیسی علیہ السلام کی ولادت ہوئی تھی- (نسائی شریف کتاب الصلاة ص٨٠ مطبع نظامی کانپور ١٢٩٦ھ)

  ١ پس اگر جبل طور پر حضور سے نماز پڑھوائی گئی کہ یہاں اللہ تعالی نے حضرت موسی علیہ السلام کے ساتھ کلام کیا تھا، تو جبل نور پر ہم کو نماز سے کیوں روکا جائے کہ جہاں اللہ تعالی کی پہلی وحی حضور الیہ السلام پر آئی تھی-

٢ مسکن شعیب پر حضور سے نماز پڑھوائی گئی تو کیا غضب ہو جائے گا جو ہم مسکن خدیجہ الکبرا رضی اللہ عنہا پر دو نفل پڑھ لیں جہاں حضور الیہ السلام نے اپنی مبارک زندگی کے اٹھائیس نورانی سال گزارے تھے-

٣ جب بیت اللہم مولد حضرت عیسی علیہ السلام پر حضور الیہ السلام سے دو رکعت پڑھوائی جائیں تو امت محمدیہ کیوں مولد نبی کریم پر دو رکعت پڑھنے سے روکی جائے طبرانی نے مقام مولد النبی صلی اللہ الیہ وسلم کو “انفس البقاع بعد المسجد الحرام فى” مکہ مکرمہ میں مسجد الحرام کے بعد مقام مولد النبی کریم علیہ السلام کو کائنات ارضی کا نفیس ترین ٹکڑاقرار دیا ہے-

٤. مسکن شعیب پر حضرت موسی علیہ السلام نے پناہ لی تھی، تو اس جگہ آپ سے دو رکعت نفل پڑھوائے گئے تو کونسی قیامت ٹوٹ پڑےگی جو ہم لوگ غار ثور جہاں حضور الیہ السلام نے تین دن پناہ لی تھی، دو نفک پڑھ لیں-

سلطان ابن سعود کا جواب

مولانا عثمانی رحمااللہ کے اس مفصل جواب سے شاہی دربار پر سناٹا چھاگیا- آخر سلطان ابن سعود نے یہ کہہ کر بات ختم کی کہ:

“میں آپ کا بہت ممنون ہوں اور آپ کے بیان اور خیالات میں بہت رفعت اور علمی بلندی ہے- لہاذا میں ان باتوں کا جواب نہیں دے سکتا- ان تفاصیل کا بہتر جواب ہمارے علماء ہی دے سکیں گے- ان سے  ہی یہ مسائل حل ہو سکتے ہیں-“

Why Cracking Knuckles is Makrooh???

By Mujjahid ul Haq

For us as Muslims, Quran and Sunnah is sufficient to understand what is Right, Wrong, Good, Bad, Disliked and so on. Many times people wonder why there are such opinions when science disagrees or may say otherwise.

As Muslims, Science holds very little value in the sense that it can strengthen our Iman but not decrease it no matter what science finds. Eventually, science can only eventually conclude the truth!

Knuckle cracking is one of them. 

Science may say one thing (to follow with photographic evidence etc), Superstitious people will say another.

Superstition

I’ve personally heard myths that cracking the knuckles breaks the bones of the deceased of a close relative, SubhanaAllah, where do these come from and how can people believe such things.

Here is some basic info on Superstition:

It was narrated from Anas ibn Maalik (may Allaah be pleased with him) that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “There is no ‘adwa (transmission of infectious disease without the permission of Allaah) and no tiyarah (superstitious belief in bird omens), but I like optimism.” They said, “What is optimism?” He said, “A good word.”  [Narrated by al-Bukhaari (5776) and Muslim (2224)].

It was narrated that ‘Abd-Allaah ibn Mas’ood said: The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Tiyarah (superstitious belief in omens) is shirk.” [Narrated by al-Tirmidhi (1614), Abu Dawood (3910), Ibn Majaah (3538); classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh Abi Dawood]. 

Shaykh Muhammad ibn Saalih al-‘Uthaymeen (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: 

The word tiyarah is derived from the word tatayyur, which refers to superstition about something that is seen or heard; or it was said that it refers to superstition about anything, whether it is something that is seen or heard, or a time or place. This is more comprehensive as it includes things that are not seen or heard, such as superstition about certain times. 

Now some understanding into what, where and why…

First the Salafi version (partially taken from here) clearly states that it is only disliked IN salah and not outside of Salah.

What is the interpretation of the hadith that talked about cracking the knuckles? Is forbidden both during and outside prayers?

Praise be to Allah.

Cracking the knuckles is makrooh whilst praying, not all the time. Rather it is makrooh during prayer, because it will either distract the one who does it from the prayer, or it will disturb other worshippers. 

The hadeeth that was narrated concerning that is not the words of the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him); rather it is mawqoof and its isnaad ends with ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Abbaas (may Allah be pleased with him) and is his words. 

It was narrated that Shu‘bah, the freed slave of Ibn ‘Abbaas, said: I prayed beside Ibn ‘Abbaas and cracked my knuckles, and when I had finished praying, he said: May you have no mother! [This is a word of rebuke] You crack your knuckles whilst you are praying?

Narrated by Ibn Abi Shaybah (2/344). Al-Albaani said in Irwa’ al-Ghaleel (2/99): Its isnaad is hasan. 

Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen (may Allah have mercy on him) was asked: Does cracking the knuckles absentmindedly whilst praying invalidate the prayer? He replied: Cracking the knuckles does not invalidate the prayer, but cracking the knuckles is a kind of fidgeting, and if that is during a congregational prayer, it will inevitably disturb those who hear it, and that is more bothersome than if there is no one around him.

End quote from Fataawa Arkaan al-Islam (p. 341)

However, here we have a Hadith in which The Prophet (Sallallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) clearly says it and is not the opinion of a companion alone, and the answer also holds a reference from Fuqaha in the foot note to say that it is Disliked in Salah and in the Masjid even when not in Salah! and in general too

Question

I have bad habit of breaking knuckles every few minutes. I cant control my self even in salah. Specially when i stand up after sajda, i automatically push my fingers against floor and also of knee joints. 

Please tell me will it affect my salah, and if yes, how can i control myself against this act.

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

It is stated in a hadith:

الصَّلَاةِ

(سنن ابن ماجه (1/ 310

Translation: Ali (Radiyallahu Anh) narrates that the Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wa Sallam) said: Do not crack your knuckles whilst in salah.

The Fuqaha (jurisprudents) have ruled that it is makrooh (reprehensible) to crack ones fingers/knuckles in general and particularly in salah.[1]

Cracking knuckles in salah decreases the quality and value of ones salah. Furthermore, it distracts the salah of others as well.

As Muslims we are advised to perform our salah to the best of our ability, and also be considerate to others. We advise you to exercise restraint in cracking your knuckles.

Once you exercise restraint a few times, the bad habit will stop.

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

Zakariya Memon

Student Darul Iftaa
Chatham, Canada

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.

Daruliftaa.net

[1]

(1)   (قَوْلُهُ وَفَرْقَعَةُ الْأَصَابِعِ) هُوَ غَمْزُهَا أَوْ مَدُّهَا حَتَّى تُصَوِّتَ وَتَشْبِيكُهَا هُوَ أَنْ يُدْخِلَ أَصَابِعَ إحْدَى يَدَيْهِ بَيْنَ أَصَابِعِ الْأُخْرَى بَحْرٌ (قَوْلُهُ لِلنَّهْيِ) هُوَ مَا رَوَاهُ ابْنُ مَاجَهْ مَرْفُوعًا «لَا تُفَرْقِعْ أَصَابِعَك وَأَنْتَ تُصَلِّي» ” وَرَوَى فِي الْمُجْتَبَى حَدِيثًا «أَنَّهُ نَهَى أَنْ يُفَرْقِعَ الرَّجُلُ أَصَابِعَهُ وَهُوَ جَالِسٌ فِي الْمَسْجِدِ يَنْتَظِرُ الصَّلَاةَ» وَفِي رِوَايَةٍ «وَهُوَ يَمْشِي إلَيْهَا» وَرَوَى أَحْمَدُ وَأَبُو دَاوُد وَغَيْرُهُمَا مَرْفُوعًا «إذَا تَوَضَّأَ أَحَدُكُمْ فَأَحْسَنَ وُضُوءَهُ ثُمَّ خَرَجَ عَامِدًا إلَى الْمَسْجِدِ فَلَا يُشَبِّكْ بَيْنَ يَدَيْهِ فَإِنَّهُ فِي صَلَاةٍ» ” وَنَقَلَ فِي الْمِعْرَاجِ الْإِجْمَاعَ عَلَى كَرَاهَةِ الْفَرْقَعَةِ وَالتَّشْبِيكِ فِي الصَّلَاةِ. وَيَنْبَغِي أَنْ تَكُونَ تَحْرِيمِيَّةً لِلنَّهْيِ الْمَذْكُورِ حِلْيَةٌ وَبَحْرٌ (قَوْلُهُ وَلَا يُكْرَهُ خَارِجَهَا لِحَاجَةٍ) الْمُرَادُ بِخَارِجِهَا مَا لَيْسَ مِنْ تَوَابِعِهَا لِأَنَّ السَّعْيَ إلَيْهَا وَالْجُلُوسُ فِي الْمَسْجِدِ لِأَجْلِهَا فِي حُكْمِهَا كَمَا مَرَّ لِحَدِيثِ الصَّحِيحَيْنِ «لَا يَزَالُ أَحَدُكُمْ فِي صَلَاةٍ مَا دَامَتْ الصَّلَاةَ تَحْبِسُهُ» ” وَأَرَادَ بِالْحَاجَةِ نَحْوَ إرَاحَةِ الْأَصَابِعِ، فَلَوْ لِدُونِ حَاجَةٍ بَلْ عَلَى سَبِيلِ الْعَبَثِ كُرِهَ تَنْزِيهًا وَالْكَرَاهَةُ فِي الْفَرْقَعَةِ خَارِجَهَا مَنْصُوصٌ عَلَيْهَا، (الدر المختار وحاشية ابن عابدين (رد المحتار) (1/ 642)

 
(2)   وَلَا يُفَرْقِعُ أَصَابِعَهُ ؛ لِمَا رُوِيَ عَنْ النَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ أَنَّهُ { قَالَ لِعَلِيٍّ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ : إنِّي أُحِبُّ لَك مَا أُحِبُّ لِنَفْسِي لَا تُفَرْقِعْ أَصَابِعَكَ وَأَنْتَ تُصَلِّي } ؛ وَلِأَنَّ فِيهِ تَرْكَ الْخُشُوعِ ،( بدائع الصنائع في ترتيب الشرائع (2/ 335)

(3)  و يكره للمصلي….. و لا يفرقع اصابعه لقوله عليه السلام لا تفرقع اصابعك و انت تصلي (الهداية ج1 ص141-مكتبه رحمانية)

 
Here’s what science has found so far – Remember, Our way is that of the Sunnah, not Science, so don’t take science as your answer.

In a recent study published in PLOS ONE, a group of researchers found that cracking a knuckle forms a temporary cavity in the body, disproving a long prevalent theory that the crack is due to the collapse of a bubble. The study focused on the fingers of Canadian chiropractor Jerome Fryer, who has the ability to crack the knuckles in every one of his fingers on demand (not everyone can). He also has a particular interest in the science behind knuckle cracking.

To observe what was happening when his knuckles cracked, Fryer inserted each of his fingers into a tube connected to a cable that was slowly pulled until his knuckle joint cracked. An MRI video captured each knuckle joint crack in real time.

image

MRI video of one of Fryer’s finger joints popping.

Pop goes the knuckle. The researchers observed the same phenomenon occurring in every one of Fryer’s fingers: when a joint separated and made the “cracking” sound, a gas-filled cavity formed within the synovial fluid, a slick substance that lubricates the joints.

“It’s a little bit like forming a vacuum,” said Kawchuk, who holds a doctorate in bio-engineering. “As the joint surfaces suddenly separate, there is no more fluid available to fill the increasing joint volume, so a cavity is created and that event is what’s associated with the sound.”

image

Images showed that before cracking, joints appeared normal and without any gaseous activity. But upon cracking, a dark void appeared.

Fryer’s finger demonstration may help scientists better study joint problems, including arthritis and injury. Kawchuck said in the statement that the findings have implications for new research into the therapeutic benefit — or harm — of cracking joints. At the moment, there is conflicting data in research: Scientists have found that the force at which knuckles are cracked has enough energy to damage hard surfaces, but also that frequent knuckle cracking doesn’t seem to have any long-term negative effects. Kawuck and his team plan to investigate further.

(habitual knuckle crackers were more likely to have hand swelling and lower grip strength. Habitual knuckle cracking was associated with manual labour, biting of the nails, smoking, and drinking alcohol. It is concluded that habitual knuckle cracking results in functional hand impairment.)

So what will you do, consider it as Makrooh – Disliked by Allah – or that it doesn’t really have an effect on you.

Who knows better? Its obvious. Will you chance it and later find out in older age that it was a cracking error? or try to refrain from it altogether.

There is wisdom into why some things are makrooh, its better left out! Crack the habit not the knuckle.

The Event of the Change of Qiblah

Changing the Qiblah or Religious Authority??

Muslims usually welcome the month of Shabaan with various religious activities. The Prophet ﷺ used to fast much during the month of Shabaan as narrated by A’isha (radhiyallahu anha).

However, a great event which can be regarded as a turning point in the history of Islam has taken place in this blessed month. Though this event might indicate many crucial things, and the surrounding conditions might attest to its deep impact, it did not draw full attention of Muslim historians and biographers.

Amid the events related by the great historian Ibn Hisham after the Prophet’s ﷺ emigration to Madinah, he says in no more than two lines in his outstanding book on the biography of the Prophet ﷺ:

“It is narrated that the qiblah was changed in Shabaan after 18 months of the Prophet’s ﷺ emigration to Madinah.”

However, using this phrase, “It is narrated”, indicates that the event did not draw much attention so that historians become keen on verifying its exact date.

Notwithstanding, the event was so inportant that the Jewish tribes in Madinah waged a psychological warfare against Islam and its first teacher. It is to be noted here that before this event takes place, there was a covenant between the Jews and the Prophet ﷺ which they did not even respect. In fact, though they realized the ramifications of the event well, they went astray in their reaction and opened fire against the true religion of Islam.

They realized that it is not only a matter of changing the qiblah in prayer from one direction to another. Rather, the Divine message and consequently the religious authority has completely shifted from the Children of Israel to those of Isma’il. Accordingly, their claims of religious glory, being the sole mediator between heaven and Earth, and being the only guided nation among an ocean of astray ones; all these allegations have ended.

Now, let us start the story from the beginning… 

The One Original Qiblah

The Prophet ﷺ dealt with the Jews who ised to live around Madinah in a distinguished manner. This stemmed from the fact that the Jews were closer to the divine revelation than any other nation at that time.

After Hijrah, a divine decree that the Prophet ﷺ as well as Muslims should direct their faces in prayer towards Jerusalem was revealed. Most scholars maintain the view that this decree was designed tp test Muslims’ response to the last message as well as its honourable Messenger. This is evidenced by the Qur’an as the Almighty says,

“….and We appointed the Qiblah to which thou wast used, only to test those who followed the Messenger from those who would turn on their heels (from the faith). Indeed, it was a changed momentous, except to those guided by Allah.” [Surah al-Baqarah 2:143]

This divine ayah implies, a well-established fact that should be borne in the minds of all, that the Sacred House (i.e. Ka’bah) is the qiblah and there is no other qiblah whatsoever in the true faith but this one. Accordingly, facing Jerusalem in Prayer for about 18 months does not defy this fact and does not mean that Jerusalem has become the qiblah regardless of its sanctity. Though Jerusalem was a landing place for many divine revelations and the abode of many sent prophets, facing it in Prayer was a two-purpose test. First, it was designed to test Muslims’ readiness to desert all their personal or traditional attachments. Secondly, to test the Jews’ willingness to follow the true religion and the seal of all prophets without questioning or objecting to the divine decrees he brings with him.

To make sure that this fact – that the Ka’bah is the original qiblah – the Qur’an does skip it and thus asserts,

“The first house (of worship) appointed for men was that at Bakkah; full of blessing and of guidance for all kinds of beings: In it are Signs manifest; (for example), the Station of Abraham; whoever enters it attains security; Pilgrimage thereto is a duty men owe to Allah, those who can afford the journey; but if they deny faith, Allah stands not in need of any of His creatures.”   [Surah Aal’ Imran 3:96-97]

Religious Glory Lost

After the Prophet ﷺ was commanded to direct his face in Prayer towards the Ka’bah, the Jews realized something which rigorously upset them; namely, the fading of their religious glory. As they, in the very beginning and due to the Prophet’s ﷺ special treatment to them, fancied he would pursue their very steps. However, after that Divine decree, it became apparent to them that this was nothing but mirage  and that the Prophet’s ﷺ message was a corrective one. Truly, it was revealed to correct and amend what they have falsified of the religion of Allah and the distortions and confusion they have attributed to it.

Th Jews’ self-deceit that they would be guardians of the Muslim faith and that Jerusalem should be the permanant qiblah, made them forget the fact that the Ka’bah is the sole qiblah as stated in the Qur’an and that there should be no qiblah other than this.

However, this intentionally forgotten fact as far as the Jews were concerned, did not escape the mind of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ. As he yearned for the Ka’bah all the time and used to turn his face to the sky perhaps a divine decree comes soon taking him back to the qiblah he earnestly longs for with his guiding insight. In this regard, the Almighty says,

“We see the turning of thy face (for guidance) to the heavens. Now shall we turn thee. Turn then thy face in the direction of the Sacred Mosque: Wherever ye are, turn your faces in that direction. The People of the Book know well that, that is the truth from their Lord. Nor is Allah unmindful of what they do.” [Surah al-Baqarah 2:144]

Total Submission

Consequently, the Prophet ﷺ directed his face towards the Ka’bah and his heart was eased, while the Jews were dying out of malice and wrath. What they feared most in the past has become true especially when Muslims hastened to carry out the Divine ordinance such as the Bani Salim folk who did not even wait until they finish their ‘Asr prayer when they were informed of the news. Instead, they changed their direction towards the Ka’bah while in ruku’ (Arabic for bowing) as a sign of their unquestionable obedience to Allah and His Messenger ﷺ.

Psychological Warfare

As the Jews lost their last hope that they would continue as holders of the divine message, they waged a fierce psychological against Islam and Muslims. They started to circulate rumours and raise false questions such as why did Muhammad ﷺ change the qiblah of all past Prophets and Messengers though he claims to be pursuing their course?

To add fuel to the fire, they wondered, “Maybe he longs for the faith of his forefathers and that is why he turned to their qiblah!”  Given this, they missed the fact that it was prophets Ibrahim and Isma’il (alayhimussalaam) who built the Ka’bah. Moreover, the Qur’an attributes the Ka’bah to Allah Himself as Almighty says,

“….and We covenanted with Ibrahim and Isma’il that they should sanctify my house for those who circumambulate it, or use it as a retreat, or bow, or prostrate themselves (there in prayer).” [Surah al-Baqarah 2:125]

Explicitly, the Qur’an defies the rumours spread by the Jews, refutes their allegations, and even describes them as foolish. Almighty says,

“The fools among the people will say: “What hath turned them from the qiblah to which they were used?” Say: “To Allah belong east and west. He guideth whom He wills to Straight Way.” [Surah al-Baqarah 2:142]

Moreover, the Jews misinterpreted the concept of righteousness and twisted it to mean directing one’s face towards Jerusalem. Consequently, according to them, when Prophet Muhammad ﷺ directed his face away from Jerusalem and turned it towards the Ka’bah, he went astray and took a course far from righteousness and the ethics of the Divine message.

Facts vs Fallacies

Duly, the Divine inspiration kept moving the Prophet ﷺ with the Qur’anic aayahs (Arabic for: verses) that reveal the truth about the whole issue. Uninterruptedly, the ayahs were revealed to remove the pain caused by the rumours circulated by the Jews; to defy the psychological warfare they waged against Islam and its prophet, and to refute the false allegations they perpetrated to distort the image of Islam and discourage its followers.

In doing so, the Qur’an made a general statement about ownership of the whole universe and that it is only Allah Who decides to which side one should direct his face in prayer. Almighty says,

“And to Allah belongs the east and the west. So wherever you (might) turn, there is the Face of Allah. Indeed, Allah is all-Encompassing and Knowing.”   [Surah al-Baqarah 2:115]

In the same vein, the Qur’an established the correct understanding of the concept of righteousness in a great ayah that is called Ayat al-Birr (Arabic for: the Righteousness Verse). The ayah reads,

“Righteousness is not that you turn your faces to the East and the West; but righteousness is that one believes in Allah and the Last Day and the angels and the Book and the Prophets, and gives wealth, despite its love, to relatives, and to orphans, the helpless, the wayfarer, and to those who ask, and (spends) in (freeing) slaves and observes the prayers and pays the Zakah; and those who fulfil their promise when they promise and, of course, the patient in hardships and sufferings and when in battle! Those are the ones who are true and those are the God-fearing.” [Surah al-Baqarah 2:177]

These Qur’anic ayahs and the like put to an end to the psychological warfare launched by the Jews against Islam and Muslims.

Conclusion

Losing the banner of the divine message, the Jews could not help divulging their hatred and grudges against Islam and Muslims. In fact, the Jews felt the fading of their religious glory upon the advent of Islam and it became a flagrant fact when the qiblah was changed through divine revelation from Jerusalem to Makkah. They knew then that the torch has irrevocably been passed over to the Children of Isma’il.

In this regard, the Almighty says,

“Quite a number of the People of the Book wish they could turn you (people) back to infidelity after ye have believed, from selfish envy, after the Truth hath become manifest unto them: But forgive and overlook, till Allah accomplish His purpose; for Allah hath power over all things.” [Surah al-Baqarah 2:109]