Category Archives: Islam and Science

What was Man Created from in The Qur’an?? [Refuting the Christian rant of so-called ‘Contradiction’]

Source: http://www.answering-christianity.com/quran/ma_man_created.htm

What was man created from? A blood clot [96:1-2], water [21:30, 24:45, 25:54], “sounding” (i.e. burned) clay [15:26], dust [3:59, 30:20, 35:11], nothing [19:67] and this is then denied in 52:35, earth [11:61], a drop of thickened fluid [16:4, 75:37] 

I wonder, if three bakers were to come visit the author of this list and one were to say: “Bread is made from flour,” the next were to say “bread is made from dough” and the third were to say: “Bread is made from wheat,” if he would consider this a “contradiction” too?

If two physicists now came along and one said “bread is made from atoms” and the other said “bread is made from molecules,” would this be an even further “contradiction”? 

The blood of all living creatures is composed of 55 percent plasma, which in turn is composed of more than 90 percent water. As opposed to 1400 centuries ago when the Qur’an was first revealed by God, today it is a well known fact that the major “ingredient” in the human body is water (a matter emphasized  ONLY in the Qur’an and not in the Bible). It is further very well known that mankind is made from “dust” (when you place his body in the grave and leave it for a number of years, and the water evaporates, what form does his body revert to? Further, what is “clay”? Is it not a special form of water and dust? It is equally obvious that if God created everything then there must have been a time when everything we see was “nothing,” including humans. 

However, our current author severely dislikes all Muslims and is bent on discovering “contradictions.” The irony of the matter is that although he has no formal knowledge of these matters but manages to brand all of these statements to be “contradictory,” in spite of that, when truly objective and unbiased Christian scholars who are world renown specialist in this field are presented with the very same verses and many more, and spend over three years studying them in detail, we find these world renown Christian scholars so totally amazed at their accuracy in matters which were only scientifically proven in the last twenty years that they found no recourse but to admit that it must have come from God and even to go so far as to suggest the total replacement of current scientific terminology with that used by God in the Qur’an. But they is saying this with regard to the Muslim Qur’an and not their own Christian Bible. Who are some of these men? Among them are Prof. Keith MooreProf. E. Marshall JohnsonProf. Joe Leigh SimpsonProf. T.V.N. Persaud Dr. Maurice Bucaille, and Dr. Tejatet Tejasen to name but a few. Let us learn a little more about these men and then hear what they have to say in this regard: 

Dr. Keith L. Moore is a Professor of Anatomy and Cell Biology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada. He is a world renowned scientist and a distinguished researcher in the fields of anatomy and embryology, he has published more than 150 research articles, chapters and books in this field. He is the author of several medical textbooks, such as the widely used and acclaimed “The Developing Human: Clinically oriented Embryology” (now in its fifth edition, translated into eight different languages, and the standard textbook on this science in many countries),“Before We Are Born” and “Clinically Oriented Anatomy.” He has also recently co-authored “Qur’an and Modern Science, Correlation Studies.” Dr. Moore is the recipient of numerous awards and honors, including, in 1984, the J.C.B. Grant Award, which is the highest honor granted by the Canadian Association of Anatomists. He has served in many academic and administrative positions, including the President of the Canadian Association of Anatomists, 1968-1970. Let us see what Dr. Moore’s opinion is on the scientific statements regarding embryology to be found in the Qur’an:

Dr. Moore was contacted by a Muslim scholar by the name of Abdul-Majeed Azzindani. He was asked to participate in a three-year study of around twenty-five verses of the Qur’an and the Sunnah (sayings of Muhammad, pbuh) which speak about embryology, and to determine the degree of their correspondence to modern scientific discoveries. Dr. Moore’s conclusion regarding this matter was:

“For the past three years, I have worked with the Embryology Committee of King Abdulaziz University in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, helping them to interpret the many statements in the Qur’an and the Sunnah referring to human reproduction and prenatal development. At first I was astonished by the accuracy of the statements that were recorded in the seventh century AD, before the science of embryology was established. Although I was aware of the glorious history of Muslim scientists in the 10th century AD, and of some of their contributions to Medicine, I new nothing about the religious facts and beliefs contained in the Qur’an and Sunnah. It is important for Islamic and other students to understand the meaning of these Qur’anic statements about human development, based on current scientific knowledge. The interpretations of the “verses” in the Qur’an and the Sunnah, translated by Shaikh Azzindani, are to the best of my knowledge accurate.” 

From the forward of “The Developing Human: Clinically oriented Embryology,” third edition, by Dr. Keith L. Moore. 

The author of this list and his friend Dr. Campbell have done their best to try and claim that the Qur’an contains scientifically incorrect information and to attempt to convince the reader that they know what they are talking about and should be considered authorities in this matter. They attempt to convince the reader that Al-Alaq (96):2 which mentions that one of the microscopic stages of development of the human embryo is in the form of “Alaq,” a clinging leech-like entity (4), is wrong.

Now it may indeed be possible that all of these world renown Christian scientists who are defending the Qur’an are all mistaken and that only the author of this list and his friend, Dr. Campbell, are able to see the truth. However, I shall leave it up to them to first convince these scholars of what is or is not “clearly” or “obviously” scientifically incorrect. With regard to this specific verse, it is suggested to them both to please read page 56 of the third edition of “The Developing Human” with its accompanying pictures and then to please contact Prof. Moore (or any of the other award winning, world renown, Christian Professors of embryology we shall be hearing from soon) and explain to him how they would like to show him how he is propagating such clearly incorrect and scientifically unsound information in his textbooks in his defense of the Islamic terminology and staging.

The reader is encouraged to study Fig. 4-3 of page 56 of Prof. Moore’s textbook which contains a microscopic representation of the human embryo in the stages from 15-21 days and notice the unmistakable physical similarity it bears with common leeches. Further, the reader is encouraged to note that this similarity is not only in appearance, rather it is also a similarity of function. Just as leeches attach themselves to a host organism and feed off of the blood supply of that host, so too does the human embryo mimic this exact same action. Were it not for the fact that the human embryo is many orders of magnitude smaller than a real leech and imperceptible by the naked eye, then both entities would be all but indistinguishable.

The Qur’an and the Sunnah of the prophet Muhammad (pbuh) provide a very detailed description of the microscopic development of the human embryo from a mere sperm drop up to the stage of a completely formed human being. It is well known that microscopes were not developed until the sixteenth century AD, and even at that were very crude in design. Zacharias Janssen is credited with having invented the compound microscope in about 1590. With it, remarkable scientific discoveries were made in the 17th and 18th centuries. The Dutch naturalist Anthony van Leeuwenhoek produced lenses powerful enough to prove that many tiny creatures are not spontaneously generated but come from eggs. 

Before this period, theories on human reproduction ran rampant. Some scientist believed that the menstrual blood itself developed into the fetus. Later on, a new theory was developed wherein the sperm drop was popularly believed to contain a completely developed miniature human (homunculus) which later grew to the size of a baby. The science of embryology as we know it today did not discover many of the detailed aspects of human development which are taken for granted today until only about twenty years ago, or 1972 to be precise.

Now we must ask the question: where did prophet Muhammad (pbuh) get such detailed knowledge of the microscopic development of the human embryo in the 6th century AD without a microscope, technical training, or a laboratory of any kind? The only logical conclusion is that it came from exactly where he claimed it did. From the one who created mankind, God Almighty! 

Prof. Moore has since given numerous lectures on the topic of embryology in the Qur’an. He is quoted in one of these lectures as saying:

“It is clear to me that these statements must have come to Muhammad from God, or Allah, because most of this knowledge was not discovered until many centuries later. This proves to me that Muhammad must have been a messenger of God, or Allah.” (As mentioned before, the one Christians refer to as “God the Father” is known in Islam as “Allah.”) 

Prof. Moore was so impressed with the Qur’anic classification of the stages of development of the human embryo, that he suggested the adoption of the Qur’anic system in place of the system currently in use by scientists today. Prof. Moore said: 

“Because the staging of the human embryo is complex owing to the continuous process of change during development. It is therefore suggested that a new system of classification could be developed using the terms mentioned in the Qur’an and the Sunnah. The proposed system is simple, comprehensive, and conforms with present embryological knowledge.”

When Dr. Moore first presented his findings in Toronto it caused quite a stir throughout Canada. It was on the front pages of some of the newspapers across Canada. One newspaper reporter asked Professor Moore, 

“Don’t you think That maybe the Arabs might have known about these things – the description of the embryo, its appearance and how it changes and grows? Maybe there were not scientists, but maybe they did some crude dissections on their own – carved up people and examined these things.” 

Professor Moore immediately pointed out to him, however, that he had missed a very important point. All of the slides of the embryo that Dr. Moore had based his study upon had come from pictures taken through a microscope. He said, 

“It does not matter if someone had tried to discover embryology fourteen centuries ago, they could not have seen it!.” Dr. Moore taunted, “Maybe fourteen centuries ago someone secretly had a microscope and did this research, making no mistakes anywhere. Then he somehow taught Muhammad and convinced him to put this information in his book. Then he destroyed his equipment and kept it a secret forever?. Do you believe that? You really should not unless you bring some proof because it is such a ridiculous theory.” 

When he was asked “How do you explain this information in the Qur’an?” Dr. Moore’s reply was, “It could only have been divinely revealed.”  

Prof. Keith Moore is not the only scholar who has been presented with such verses of the Qur’an. Many other scholars from all over the world have been presented with similar statements from the Qur’an in their field of expertise. Only a few of these people are: 

1) Dr. E. Marshall Johnson, Professor and Chairman of the Department of Anatomy and Developmental Biology, and the Director of the Daniel Baugh Institute, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, USA. Author of over 200 publications. Former President of the Teratology Society among other accomplishments. After studying the verses of the Qur’an he came to the following conclusion: 

“The Qur’an describes not only the development of external form but emphasizes also the internal stages – the stages inside the embryo of its creation and development, emphasizing major events recognized by contemporary science… If I was to transpose myself into that era, knowing what I do today and describing things, I could not describe the things that were described… I see no evidence to refute the concept that this individual Muhammad had to be developing this information from some place… so I see nothing in conflict with the concept that divine intervention was involved…” 

2) Dr. Joe Leigh Simpson. Professor and Chairman of the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology at Baylor Collage of Medicine, Houston, Texas. He is the President of the American Fertility Society, and has served in many other professional, national, and international organizations. He has received numerous awards including Association of Professors of Obstetrics and Gynecology Public Recognition Award in 1992. He has published more than 400 chapters and articles in journals and books. He says: 

“… these Hadeeths (sayings of Muhammad) could not have been obtained on the basis of the scientific knowledge that was available at the time of the writer’… It follows that not only is there no conflict between genetics and religion (Islam) but in fact religion (Islam) may guide science by adding revelation to some of the traditional scientific approaches… There exist statements in the Qur’an shown centuries later to be valid which support knowledge in the Qur’an having been derived from God.”  

3) Dr. T.V.N. Persaud. Professor and Head of the Department of Anatomy, Professor of Pediatrics and Child Health, and Associate Professor of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada. He is the author and editor of 25 books, has contributed 31 chapters to publications, and has published over 180 scientific papers. In 1991 he received the most distinguished award presented in the field of anatomy in Canada, the J.C.B. Grant Award from the Canadian Association of Anatomists. He says: 

“Muhammad was a very ordinary man, he couldn’t read, didn’t know how to write, in fact he was an illiterate… were talking about 1400 years ago, you have some illiterate person making profound statements that are amazingly accurate, of a scientific nature… I personally can’t see how this could be mere chance, there are too many accuracies and like Dr. Moore, I have no difficulty in my mind reconciling that this is a divine inspiration or revelation which lead him to these statements.” 

4) After a study which lasted ten years, the famous French physician Dr. Maurice Bucaille addressed the French Academy of Medicine in 1976 and expressed the complete agreement of the Qur’an and established findings of modern science. He presented his study on the existence in the Qur’an of certain statements concerning physiology and reproduction. His reason for doing that was that 

“our knowledge of these disciplines is such, that it is impossible to explain how a text produced at the time of the Qur’an could have contained ideas that have only been discovered in modern times.”

Based upon his extensive study of these issues over many years, Dr. Bucaille later converted to Islam.

5) Dr. Tejatet Tejasen, Head of the Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine, University of Chiang Mai, Thailand. After his study on the Qur’an passages dealing with embryology: 

“From my studies and what I have learnt at this conference I believe that everything that has been recorded in the Qur’an 1400 years ago must be true. That can be proved the scientific way.” 

6) Dr. Arther J. Alison. head of the Department of Electronical and Electronics Engineering in a British University after researching the field of Parapsychology and spiritual treatment of man in the light of the Qur’an and current scientific knowledge was so completely amazed at the scientific accuracy of the statements he found in the Qur’an in this regard that he converted to Islam and is now named Abdullah Alison. He urges all Western scientists to get acquainted with Islam which “addresses both intellect and sentiments at the same time.” Dr. Alison worked for six years as the chairman of the British Parapsychology and Spiritual Studies Society. This position, led him to deeply study different religions and philosophies, including Islam. Dr. Alison placed special emphasis in his study on the relationship between death and sleep, and the conformance of scientific data to the claims he later found in the Qur’an were the reason for his final conversion. Dr. Alison exclaimed “my joy knew no bounds as the results of my study were so convincing and, thus I discovered Islam.” he added. He regretted that the West is totally ignorant about the scientific approach of Islam. “During our discussion at this conference (in Cairo) , we have arrived at conclusive evidence that Islam does not contradict science, and plan to do further research on parapsychology in the light of the Qur’an.”  

The list is constantly growing. Others such non-Muslim scientists include:

7) Dr. Gerald C. Goeringer. Professor and Coordinator of Medical Embryology in the Department of Cell Biology in the Georgetown University school of Medicine. Washington, D.C. He has published numerous articles dealing mainly with the study of teratogenesis.

8) Dr. Alfred Kroner, Professor of Geology, Germany. 

9) Dr. Yoshiodi Kozan, Director of the observatory of Tokyo, Japan.

10) Dr. William Hay, Professor of Oceanography, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado.

11) Dr. Pete Palmer, Professor of Geology, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado.

12) Dr. Sayawida, Professor of Marine Geology, Japan.

13) Dr. Armstrong, Professor of Astronomy, University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas.

14) Dr. Draga Persaud Rauw, Professor of Marine Geology, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

15) Dr. Schroeder, Professor of Oceanography, Germany.

The response of these scholars when presented with verses of the Qur’an in their field of specialization, varied. One thing however was always constant. They all confirmed the accuracy of the scientific statements made in the Qur’an, and they all could not explain how Muhammad (pbuh) could have known with such accuracy the scientific claims to be found in the Qur’an so many centuries before mankind discovered them to be scientific truths. 

So how have the apologists and the “Islam bashers” responded to such statements from so many leading world renown non-Muslim scientists? Well, to take one example, the very best that the authors of “Answering Islam” have managed to come up with is such revelations as: “..even if the Qur’an were proven to be scientifically accurate, it would not thereby make it divinely authoritative. All it would prove is that the Quran made no scientific blunders…” (p. 200)

Ahh, so here we have world renown Christian and other non-Muslim scholars publicly admitting that the words of God in the noble Qur’an are completely scientifically accurate in matters which were not found to be scientifically true until many centuries later. They go on to declare that this degree of accuracy is of such an unprecedented degree as to have been literally impossible to achieved by the people of that age even if they were the most learned specialists in these fields, since the very tools necessary of these discoveries would not be invented for many more centuries. They then go on to tell us that these descriptions are far too numerous and too detailed to have been arrived at by mere chance or stabs in the dark, especially by an unlettered Arab sheep-herder who was making these comments almost as secondary remarks in a book which was never meant to be taken as a scientific textbook. And finally, these scientists even go so far as to suggest the total replacement of current scientific terminology with the superior terminology provided by God in the Qur’an. After all of this the response is “… all it would prove is that the Qur’an made no scientific blunders.” … Problem solved. I suppose that by the same token these authors will then assert that the fact that Jesus (pbuh) raised the dead and cured diseases which to this day remain incurable, that in their words “even if this is true” then this does not prove that Jesus (pbuh) was sent by God, but it only proves that “Jesus made no errors in his medical prescriptions”? 

Allah Almighty tells us in the Qur’an:

“Allah did not create (all) that except in truth. He details the signs for people of knowledge.” The noble Qur’an, Yunus(10):5 

“And those who were given knowledge see that which was sent down upon you by your Lord is the truth and guides to the path of the ‘Exalted’ (in Might) the ‘worthy of all praise’.”  The noble Qur’an, Saba(34):6. 

“Had We sent down this Qur’an upon a mountain, you would surely have seen it humbling itself and rending asunder for fear of Allah. Such are the parables We put forth for mankind that they may reflect.”  The noble Qur’an, Al-Hashr(59):21

“Verily! this Qur’an guides to that which is most upright, and gives glad tidings to the believers who work deeds of righteousness that theirs will be a great reward”  The noble Qur’an, Al-Isra(17):9

“And We have indeed simplified [the comprehension of] this Qur’an for remembrance, so is there any that will remember and be admonished?”  The noble Qur’an, Al-Qamar(54):17

So do the examples presented in this list really contain “contradictions” or could there possibly be some other reason why matters described by God in the Muslim’s Qur’an are recognized by world renown Christian specialists to be of such unparalleled accuracy as to leave them at a loss for words and only able to attribute it to God, these very same verses appear to the author of this list to be “obvious” contradictions and “clearly” scientifically incorrect? 

Al-Isra’ Wal Miraj, Time & Science

What is Theory of Relativity?

Einstein proved that Matter, Energy, Space and Time are interlinked by a special relation.He stated that the position of a body influences time. According to Einstein’s theory of relativity, time slows down under the effect of gravity. Accordingly, the passengers on a plane flying somewhere with lower gravity will age by a few extra nanoseconds on every trip. Stephen Hawking and many other scientists supported the theory of relativity of time.

Einstein and Hawking’s theory that time passes more slowly near centers of gravity has been proved by experiments conducted by American scientists. A rocket at high altitude and two separate sites with different gravitational fields were selected for the first experiment. Two very sensitive atomic clocks, capable of measuring atomic vibrations were installed in these two locations, which had different gravitational fields because of their different altitudes, and the relative nature of time was confirmed. The scope of the experiment has today been increased and relativity has been observed in daily life. Two atomic clocks hundreds of times more sensitive than the original ones were used for this experiment. But it was not the two sensitive atomic clocks that distinguished this experiment from the earlier one. The difference in elevation between the two clocks was a mere 33 cm.

According to the results of the experiment, published in the American magazine Science on 24 September, being 33 cm higher, in other words two steps higher, causes time to pass faster because pressure is slightly reduced, and someone standing above these two steps ages slightly faster. However, since Almighty Allah has not created this phenomenon in such a way as to eliminate the need for free will, the difference is only one 90 billionth of a second in a life span of 97 years, and is therefore imperceptible to anyone.

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THE TWIN PARADOX

Einstein came up with an example to show the effects of time dilation that he called the “twin paradox.” 

Let’s try it out with a pair of pretend twins, Al and Bert, both of whom are 10 years old in their highly futuristic universe.

Al’s parents decide to send him to summer camp in the Alpha-3 star system, which is 25 light-years away (a light-year is the distance light travels in a year). Bert doesn’t want to go and stays home on Earth. So Al sets out on his own. Wanting him to get there as quickly as possible, his parents pay extra and send him at 99.99 percent the speed of light.

The trip to the star and back takes 50 years. What happens when Al returns? His twin brother is now 60 years old, but Al is only 10 and a half. How can this be? Al was away for 50 years but only aged by half a year. Has Al just discovered the fountain of youth?

Not at all. Al’s trip into space lasted only a half year for him, but on Earth 50 years passed. Does this mean that Al can live forever? Nope. He may have aged by only half a year in the time it took 50 years to pass on Earth, but he also only lived half a year. And since time can slow down but never goes backwards, there’s no way he could grow younger.

The renowned physicist Stephen Hawking describes this using the example of twins:

“Consider a pair of twins. Suppose that one twin goes to live on top of a mountain while the other stays at sea level. The first twin would age faster than the second. Thus, if they met again, one would be older than the other.” ► [Stephen Hawking, A Brief History of Time, p.54]

RELATIVITY OF TIME CONFIRMED IN THE QUR’AN

The conclusion from these scientific findings summarized very briefly here is that the fact that time is a perception has been confirmed. This fact was also revealed hundreds of years ago in the Qur’an. The relevant verses read:

“And they ask you to and Allah shall never fail in His promise, and undoubtedly, there is with your Lord such aday like a thousand years in your reckoning.  ► [Surat al-Hajj Chapter 22 : Verse 47]

He plans and executes (the Command and Control System) from the heavens to the earth. Then His Command ascends (and will ascend to completion) towards Him in one Day which measures one thousand years according to (the number) that you count.  ► [Surat as-Sajda Chapter 32 :Verse 5]

The angels and ar-Ruh al-Amin (the Spirit) rise towards His (Throne) in a day which measures fifty thousand years (according to the worldly scale). ► [Surat al-Ma’arij Chapter 70 : Verse 4]

The scientific experiments in question prove that we can never know how or even if time passes. That, in turn, shows that time has no absolute reality, that it is simply a perception. This fact, corroborated by modern science, that time is simply a psychological perception and that it can be perceived differently depending on events, location and prevailing conditions, is revealed thus in the Qur’an:

“On the Day He calls you, you will respond by praising Him and think that you have only tarried a very short time.”  ► [Surat al-Isra’ Chapter 17 : Verse 52]

AL-ISRA WAL MIRAJ AND THE TIME FACTOR 

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Almighty Allah states in the Qur’an:

Holy (free of any imperfection, weakness and insufficiency) is He Who took His (most beloved and intimate) Servant in a small portion of a night from the Sacred Mosque to the al-Aqsa Mosque, whose surroundings We have blessed, in order that We might show him (the Perfect Servant) Our Signs. Surely He is the One Who is All-Hearing, All-Seeing.  ► [Surah Al-Isra Chapter 17 : Verse 1]

As such, there is scholarly consensus (ijma) Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu Alaihi wasallam) journeyed in body and soul the night of al-Isra’ from Masjid al-Haram in Makkah to Masjid al-Aqsa in Jerusalem.

According to Special Theory of Relativity– if a body travels with the velocity of light then Time Dilation and Relativity of Simultaneously occurs. Time dilation is an actual difference of elapsed time between two events as measured by observers either moving relative to each other or differently situated from gravitational masses.

Holy Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) was riding on the Buraq, and the speed (velocity) of the Buraq was similar or more than the speed (velocity) of light. Therefore, now we can easily understand that Time Dilation occurred during the Event of Miraj:

Then a white animal which was smaller than a mule and bigger than a donkey was brought to me … The animal’s step (was so wide that it) reached the farthest point within the reach of the animal’s sight. [Sahih Bukhari]

Therefore, time seemed to stop or a very short duration of time passed as mentioned in the Qur’an.

Further Reading: The Qur’anic Philosophy on the Mystery of Time

Science Can Not Disprove GOD’s existence.

There is actually no scientific basis that can tell you that God does not exist. It is not science’s domain to test whether there is God or not. Science is simply a tool to test what is empirically true. Science operates on induction. The inductive method entails searching out things in the world and drawing generalized conclusions about those things based on observations. Scientists can only draw conclusions on what they find, not on what they can’t find. So how can Science disprove something which they can’t see and will never be able to. As GOD cannot be seen for sure. Because from Qur’an we know that GOD is unlike His creation [See Qur’an 42:11]. And, No vision can grasp Him  [see Qur’an 6:103]. Moreover, How can a Creator be a part of His Creation?

It is totally unreasonable for one to think in a scientific framework to put God as an extra element. Within scientific framework, it is true that an extra element is not needed, since we already made the assumption that everything is contained and confined within the universe and nothing can be lost. But this does not mean that science denies the existence of God. There is no reason to think that way. People has a distorted view of Science. Because some take the position that if science doesn’t give us reason to believe in something, then no good reason exists. As Freeman Dyson says and I quote, “The public has a distorted view of Science because Children are taught in schools that science is a collection of firmly established  truths. In fact, science is not a collection of truths. It is continuing exploration of mysteries.”

There is no reason to consider God’s actions in a scientific framework and in the same time, there is no reason to consider that God does not exist based on scientific deduction. Scientific theories only propose that which is falsifiable. That means the scientific method can’t answer any questions but only shows what is a false answer out of innumerable possibilities. We should not try to apply science outside of the fields for which it is meant. Some take the position that if science doesn’t give us reason to believe in something, then no good reason exists. That’s simply the false assumption scientism. However, it would be a mistake to expect it to be able to test everything. In this case, ”GOD’s existence”. There are many more intellectual tools available to us than just science, and as the old saying goes, when all you’ve got is a hammer, everything begins to look like a nail!  Science is not deficient in any way; but it’s just not the right way to find few particular kinds of truths. To try to do so would be like trying to ascertain whether a banana is tasty by sticking it in your ear and listening to it; it’s simply the wrong method!

I really do not understand why a scientist and let alone a non-scientist would have to throw away their religious identity over a scientific theory, which cannot be proven in a universal way. Of course if someone wants to become atheist it is their choice, but don’t ever think religious people are inferior. Religious people could be smarter than an atheist person, and religious people could cleverly manage their life so they can achieve many things without losing their religious identity.

And one more thing I wanna say that if any non-scientist reading this article of mine I would like to advice them that, before you ever accept or even think about a scientific result, try to think like a scientist for a while, in the correct way, not in the way that the atheistic propaganda wants you to think. Then make your decision based on your own thought, not theirs. They are also human, so they can be wrong and so can I.

The Seven Heavens of Qur’an in the Light of Science

Dark Matter

The super-imposed heavens in the Quran are the extra spatial dimensions in modern physics.

Astronomers have just confirmed the existence of Dark Matter. This mysterious Dark Matter is invisible however it provides the bulk of gravity that holds galaxies (not the regular matter that forms stars and planets). This invisible Dark Matter has weird collision properties (collisionless). Simply put: we cannot see Dark Matter nor collide with it but we can detect its gravity.

In this image, two huge clusters of invisible Dark Matter (in blue) clashed with each other:

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With each cluster having a mass of 10,000 galaxies (each cluster a quadrillion times the mass of the Sun, 1015!!!)

In order to explain why this invisible Dark Matter neither collides with each other, nor does it collide with us but still we detect its gravity, physicists and cosmologists are working on theories with extra dimensions. Traditionally scientists thought that we live in a four dimensional universe: Time and the usual three spatial dimensions of length, width and height (x,y,z). However today there is evidence forsix extra spatial dimensions. So we cannot see nor collide with this Dark Matter because it is mass in the remaining six extra dimensions.

Video Link: Dark Matter 3D Map

According to the Quran, we cannot see nor collide with Jinn but they have weight:

[Quran 55.31] We [Allah] will settle your affair, both you of weight (man and jinn)

Thukl ثقل in Arabic means weight. Thakalain ثقلين means weight for two (binary mode). The Jinn have weight means that we can detect their gravity and they can detect our gravity. So according to the Quran we cannot see the Jinn nor collide with them but we can detect their gravity. 

Just as the Jinn are of different type that we cannot see nor collide with but we can detect their gravity, there are six other Heavens that we cannot see nor collide with either but we can detect their gravity, superimposed above the visible one:

[Quran 41.12] So [Allah] decreed them as seven heavens (one above the other) in two days and revealed to each heaven its orders. And We [Allah] adorned the lowest heaven with lights, and protection. Such is the decree of the Exalted; the Knowledgeable.

According to the Quran, only the lowest heaven has visible light. This means that this Dark Matter exists in the six Heavens superimposed above the lowest one. Also according to the Quran, each of these remaining six Heavens is of a different type and each has its own planets like Earth:

[Quran 65.12] Allah is the one who created seven Heavens and from Earth like them (of corresponding type); [Allah’s] command descends among them so that you may know that Allah is capable of anything and that Allah knows everything.

Earth is not a unique planet in Islam. Other planets like Earth do exist throughout the other six Heavens. It is just that we cannot see them nor collide with them but we can detect their gravity.

General relativity predicted gravitational lensing, that is, the gravitational field generated by a galaxy causes the light passing through it to bend (change direction). Dark Matter does not emit any light but we can still map its location by using gravitational lensing, that is, by detecting where light is bending in places where it shouldn’t. In the above image and video light gets bent by invisible Dark Matter in places where it shouldn’t. Moslems say that this is how God challenges nonbelievers to detect the remaining six superimposed Heavens:

[Quran 67.3-4] [Allah] is the one who created seven superimposed Heavens “سبع سموات طباق”. You do not see variations in the formations of the Compassionate, so redirect your sight, do you see any creation (Futtur in Arabic فطور)? Then redirect your sight again, your vision returns to you in defeat and regret.

Futtur in Arabic فُطور is a noun meaning creation out of nothing (it does not mean “rip”). Its verb in past tense is Fattara فَطَرَ and is found in Quran 6.79 meaning “created” (The verb that does mean “ripped” or “destroyed” is its opposite: Tafattara تَفَطّرَ as in Quran 19:90. Its noun is Tafattur تفطُّر).  So the question in the Quran is “Do you see any creation out of nothing?”. Your initial answer should be NO. But in the second verse, when you are supposed to redirect your sight your answer will change to YES, with defeat. Why should you redirect your sight when you observe Dark Matter? Why should you look to another direction and then back? Well the gravity of a massive object makes you see the background stars in another direction:

image

This is how we detect Dark Matter today, the background images are lensed at a certain angle. Since Dark Matter does not emit any light then we have to trace the light from the background galaxies. From the distances and the angle of lensing we estimate the mass of the Dark Matter. So when detecting the superimposed seven heavens you have to look away and then back in order to measure the angle. No angle no Dark Matter.

How could an illiterate man who lived 1400 years have known that light could change direction? How could he have known about Dark Matter and Gravitational Lensing?

The Quran insists on seven superimposed heavens. We are in the lowest heaven, Angels on your shoulders are in the seventh heaven, and Satan (Jinn) passing through you are in one heaven in-between. However all seven heavens are superimposed. We cannot see nor collide with Angels and Jinn but we can detect their gravity, however these are the exact same properties of Dark Matter, we cannot see them nor collide with them but we can detect their gravity. String Theory explains what they are: They are mass in other dimensions.

Traditionally physicists thought that the smallest particles in atoms were point like, that is, they looked like points. However recently discovered evidence suggest that the smallest particle is not point like, as previously thought, but rather a vibrating string of energy. But physicists also discovered that these strings need more than three spatial dimensions to vibrate in. Particularly they need six extra spatial dimensions. In all versions of String Theory there are 10 dimensions: “Time” plus the usual three spatial dimensions x,y,z (4 dimensions, our observable universe) plus six extra spatial dimensions making a total of ten dimensions (1 time + 9 spatial = 10 dimensions).

Video: The Model of M-theory

In this animation (In the video of the above link) the strings with different colors are actually vibrating in different dimensions. They do not interact with each other except gravitationally. The two dimensional membrane that they are attached to in this animation is the three dimensions that we are used to projected on 2D (for this presentation). Photons only travel on this 2D plane (again for this presentation), and this is why we cannot see them. We can only detect the strings’ gravitational shadow on the 2D plane. Other competing theories like M-Theory has one extra spatial dimension (making the total 11 dimensions), however this extra spatial dimension is for the description of strings themselves (whether a string is a one-dimensional object like a thread, or whether a string is a rolled up two-dimensional membrane like a tube). If the strings have thickness (or variable thickness as in this animation) then we need this 11th dimension in order to describe them (to describe the tube). However if the strings have no thickness (always unity) then there is no need for the 11th dimension. In any case, in all currently competing theories, this Dark Matter is strings vibrating in six extra spatial dimensions. And in all those theories gravity is a force carried by gravitons (just like magnetism is carried by photons). Gravitons are emitted from strings and are then absorbed by other strings even those vibrating in other dimensions (different colors in this presentation). The place where gravitons travel is called the bulk (different than the 2D plane where light travels in this presentation).

[Quran 20.6] To Him belongs what is in the Heavens and what is on Earthand what is between them and what is under the soil.

Not only does the superimposed heavens (extra dimensions) belong to Allah but also what’s between them (برزخ, the bulk where gravitons travel). The bulk is a location just like under the soil is a location.

From a physics point of view, we are not living in a “Universe” but rather in a “Multiverse”; several universes superimposed above each other. Gravity is the only thing shared between these parallel universes:

Video Link: From Universe to Multiverse

The invisible Dark Matter is simply mass in other dimensions.

You might ask what do those six extra spatial dimensions look like:

Video Link: String Theory

Extra dimensions are tiny and curled up at each point in space. To envision a single extra dimension imagine the ant in the above video shrinking billions of times. Then this ant becomes small enough for transition to the extra circular dimension (like a roller coaster):

image

However instead of one extra circular dimension there are six dimensions and not necessarily circular; but they are all curled up at each point in space. The ant would encounter multiple routes like this:

image

As long as the ant remains in any of those extra dimensions we would not be able to see the ant nor collide with it but we would still detect its gravity. Dark Mater is not only mass in other dimensions but they are in parallel universes (where the laws of physics might not be the same as ours). The only thing shared among those superimposed parallel universes is gravity. Add our universe to those parallel universes you get the Multiverse.

On the other hand God swears by the heaven that has weaves

[Quran 51.7] And the heaven that has weaves (Hubuk in Arabic).

Hubuk is plural of Habka which means a knot or a weave. Doesn’t the route that this ant needs to take look like a weave? Of course. Actually those Seven Heavens (Multiverse) are parallel universes woven together (literally).

God also swears that someday we will travel to one of those extra dimensions:

[Quran 84.16-18] I swear by the afterglow of sunset… You will ride one layer from another layer.(لتركبن طبقا عن طبق)

Here “Tabak طبق” is a noun meaning “a layer”. The adjective “Tibak طباق” means “super-imposed” and is used in describing the seven heavens “سبع سموات طباق”. The superimposed heavens in the Quran are the extra spatial dimensions in modern physics.  

Today we are sure that we are not living in a “Universe” but rather in a “Multiverse”.

Moslems ask how could an illiterate man who lived 1400 years have known that we are living in a Multiverse?

[Quran 40.57] The creation of the heavens and earth is greater than the creation of mankind, but most of the people do not know.

(No physicist today believes that we are living in the three-dimensional universe of the Christian Bible where not even time is a dimension!)

Earth Is a Sphere In The Qur’an

The Quran says that when the night and the day overlap, they make a ball (sphere):

[Quran 39.5] [Allah] Created the heavens and the Earth in truth. He overlaps [Yukawer in Arabic يُكَوِّرُ] the night over the day and overlaps [Yukawer يُكَوِّرُ] the day over the night, and enslaved the sun and the moon. ALL MOVE (Kullon Yajree كل يجري) to a prerecorded destiny. Is He not the Exalted, the Forgiver?

The Arabic word “Kura” means ball; its verb “Yukawer يُكَوِّرُ” means to make into a ball. The Qur’an says that the overlapping of the night and the day makes a ball (sphere). Here also the Quran is referring to ALL MOVING, not only the sun and moon but also Earth. In Arabic grammar there is difference between the singular (one), binary (two) and plural (three or more). The reference to binary is “Kulahuma Yajreean كلاهما يجريان” however the Quran said “Kullon yajree كل يجري” referring to the plural (three or more). Since the sun and moon are just two but the Quran refers to three or more then according to the Quran all the three move: sun, moon and Earth.

The Qur’an says that Earth has a diameter (diameter is simply twice the radius).

[Quran 55,33] O company of Jinn and man, escape the diameters (Aktar in Arabic اقطار) of the Heavens and the Earth if you can, You won’t escape without authority.

Diameter in Arabic is Kutr قطر.  Its plural is Aktar اقطار. Radii and diameters are properties of circles or spheres only. This conforms with the previus verse, to make into a ball [Yukawer يُكَوِّرُ].

The rotation of Earth is slowing down, that is, days are getting longer. The Quran says that Allah persistently asks more of the day and more of the night, that is, for the day to get longer:

[Quran 7.54] And your Lord, Allah, who created the Heavens and the Earth in six days and then settled on the Throne. [Allah] Covers the night with the day, asks for it persistently; and the sun and the moon and the stars enslaved by His orders. Is this not His creation and His command? Blessed be Allah the Lord of all the worlds.

If God asks more of the day and more of the night then this means the days are getting longer. Physics wise this means that the rotation of Earth should be slowing down. However this is what it really turned out to be: The rotation of Earth is indeed slowing down.

[Quran 50.7] And the earth We have spread it out (والارض مددناها), and set thereon mountains standing firm, and have produced therein every kind of lovely pairs (of plants).

The Quran says that God spread out the Earth ‘والارض مددناها’ meaning increase in surface area during formation. ‘Madda’ in Arabic means ‘spread out’, however it was mistranslated to ‘flat’. Flat in Arabic is “musattah مسطح” and its verb (to make flat) is “sataha سطح” however neither were used in the entire Quran. The Quran says that God spread out Earth, that is, increased the surface area. Our solar system is 4.57 billion years old. Earth started accreting concurrently with the sun and our neighbouring planets 4.57 bln years ago. However during the accretion process the radius of Earth was not spontaneously 6400 km; but rather started a few kilometers long and progressively increased. But the surface area is a function of the radius, that is, as the radius increases the surface area increases (surface area = 4πR2). So the Quran correctly described the surface area as increasing. (This is contrary to the Christian Bible where the creation of Earth was spontaneous.)

(The Christian Bible says that Earth is a 2 dimensional flat disk and the heaven is like a canopy: Isaiah 40:22. And since Earth is flat then Jesus could see the entire Earth from a single high location Matthew 4:8)

Negation of the flawed “Scientific Explanation” provided to the Mu’jizah of Surah al Feel

[Majlisul Ulama]

The aforementioned article is typical of the thinking of westernized Muslims. The obsession with ‘modern science’ (as the author states) is such that the most ludicrous arguments are produced to substantiate Quranic teachings which seem to be in conflict with the creature. Modern science, No matter how absurd an argument may be, it will be cited in substantiation of Islamic injunctions as long as it (the argument) has a ‘scientific’ tinge to titillate the minds of people awed by ‘modern science’.

SOUND

In endeavouring to sound ‘scientific’ and in a futile attempt to attribute the hue of modern science to Quranic verses, the author of the article alleges that the incident of the destruction of Abraha’s army by way of the flocks of birds with little pebbles is in conformity with `modern science’. He drags in the law of gravity to place the Qur’anic Surah, Al-Feel. on a ‘scientific footing’. The arguments of the force of gravity in relationship with the incident of the birds and Abraha is manifestly un­Islamic as well as ‘unscientific’, viz. in conflict with even ‘modern science’ which the author has cited in support of the incident described in the Qur’an Shareef.

Why the Author’s Argument is Un-Islamic

In his hypothesis the author claims that the pebbles released by the birds onto Abraha’s army were released at such a height that due to the force of gravity the pebbles attained the speed of a bullet, viz.1200 metres per second when they struck the army. The author postulated that the birds flew at such a height that the time taken for the pebbles to reach the army of Abraha was two minutes. It was necessary to suppose ‘two minutes’ since the pebble will only attain the speed of a bullet if dropped at a ‘two-minute height’ because the acceleration of a freely falling object towards the earth is approximately 10 metres per second after each second. Hence, if it was supposed that the pebbles were released at a one-minute height, then in terms of ‘modern science’ they would not be able to kill a man since the speed of an object falling for one minute would be 600 metres per second in the final second when it strikes the earth. This speed will, therefore, not enjoy the force of a bullet. Hence, in order to assign some validity to the argument it is necessary that the two-minute height be postulated as a fact. In the absence of the ‘two-minute’ height postulate, the author’s hypothesis will not be in conformity with ‘modern science. It is now essential for the author to answer the following questions:

BIRDS

What is the Shari justification for the claim that the birds did IN FACT fly at a two-minute height? The Qur’an Shareef as well as the Hadith do not confirm this. No authority of Islam has claimed that the birds were flying at such a height. Mr Hashmi, the author. himself knows fully well that the supposition of ‘two-minutes’ is a -mere figment of his imagination, hence he says: “If the birds were flying at such a height that the stones took, say. about two minutes or 120 seconds to reach the earth …”

He is constrained to say: ‘If the birds‘ for lack of Islamic proof. What if the birds were flying at one-minute height or at half a minute-height? What Islamic proof is there to disclaim that the birds were in fact flying at a very low level? In fact according to Rasulullah’s (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) tafseer of the Surah in question, the birds were flying at a very low level. The Tafseer Kitabs clearly state that the birds settled low overhead the army of Abraha.

HEIGHT

The author’s ‘two-minute’ height assertion is, therefore, a baseless supposition. For the author’s un-Islamic theory to have some credibility in terms of ‘modern science’ it is absolutely necessary to present the supposition that the birds were flying at such a height that it took the stones two minutes to reach the army of Abraha. The logical conclusion of this supposition is that the Command of Allah Ta’ala to the birds to destroy the army of Abraha was circumscribed by the force of gravity. In other words, Allah Ta’ala was compelled (Na’audhu billah) by the force of gravity to order the birds to release their pebbles only at such a height which will ensure that the speed of a bullet is attained when the pebbles strike their targets. This is the baneful result of attempting to submit the Divine Commands to the god of materialsm, i.e ‘modern science’.

To bring about the destruction of the army of Abraha through the agency of the birds pelting pebbles, did Allah Ta’ala have to submit to the force of gravity? In terms of the author’s hypothesis of ‘modern science’, Allah Ta’ala had no alternative (Al-iyazi billah) but to obey the force of gravity, for the pebbles in terms of ‘modern science’ would not have served the destructive purpose if released by the birds at a distance below the ‘two-minute’ height. Does the author who claims to be a Muslim, believe the Qur’anic declaration, “Verily, Allah Ta’ala is powerful over all things.”? 

ABRAHA

If Allah Ta’ala is Qadir over all things (as He most assuredly is). then what was the need for Him to obey the force of gravity Which is His own creation, in order to bring about the destruction of Abraha’s army? It must be remembered that the whole incident of destroying Abraha’s army was a super­natural occurrence, an episode which defied all natural laws or which supersede the laws of ‘modern science’. A cursory glance at the facts of the incident will establish that almost every move in the occurrence was contrary to ‘modern science’. The Hadith of Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) describes the birds as having ‘heads of beasts’. The bodies were those of birds, but the heads were those of animals. Does ‘modern science’ justify this? Each bird, according to Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) had three pebbles – one in its beak and one in either leg. Which law of ‘modern science’ did these birds follow in this action.

Which law of ‘modern sciences’ instilled it into their minds to airlift three pebbles each? And, which law of ‘modern science’ did these birds submit to when they settled over the army of Abraha? Why did they not release their ‘bullets’ over the Makkans as well? Both Abraha and the Makkans were kuffar. In fact, the Makkans at that stage were greater kuffar than Abraha since Abraha was a member of the ‘People of the Book’ whereas the Makkans were worshipping at that time hundreds of idols. Which law of ‘modern science’ put it in their minds to attack only the army of Abraha?

In certain Ahadith it appears that each pebble had the name of one of Abraha’s soldiers inscribed on it. Hence, each pebble was destined for a particular person. Every man was killed with a pebble bearing his name. Which law of ‘modern science’ explains this phenomenon?

PEBBLES

Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) explained that the pebbles struck their victims with such tremendous force that a pebble striking a soldier’s head would penetrate his body, find its exit through the anus and then penetrate to a depth into the earth. What law of ‘modern science’ explains this? If the author wishes to explain this tremendous force also in terms of the force of gravity, he will have to relinquish his ‘two-minute’ height supposition and posit a far higher distance which will enable the pebbles to have such tremendous force at the point of striking. But, to do so would be not only Islamically wrong, but would be scientifically absurd just as the two-minute height theory is scientifically ‘absurd. In sha’Allah, it will be shown later that ‘modern science’ too does not support the author’s contention.

LEADER

According to the Ahadith of Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam), the leader of the elephants in Abraha’s army was a massive creature whose name was ‘Mahmood’. Outside the precincts of Makkah Muazzamah an Arab chieftain whispered into the elephant’s ear: This is the sacred land of Allah Ta’ala’. Upon hearing this the elephant sat down and refused to budge. No amount of whipping, etc. would make the elephant proceed in the direction of the Ka’abah. The elephants were specially brought to demolish the Ka’abah. When the face of the elephant was turned into a different direction (away from the Ka’abah) it would immediately rise and quickly move away into that direction. Repeatedly attempts were made to divert it towards the Ka’abah, but to no avail. Every time it was turned to the direction of Makkah, it sat down. What law of ‘modern science’ explains this perculiar behaviour of the elephant?

DESTROY

Indeed, if Allah Ta’ala desired to destroy the army of Abraha through the agency of `modern science’ or through some such way which could be explained in terms of the laws of nature then so would He have done. A storm, and incidentally one did accompany the invasion of the birds, or a deadly pestilence or a torrential downpour could have sufficed. What was the need to despatch flocks of birds so supernaturally and destroy the army of Abraha in this supernatural manner? Even the author, in the deepest recess of his heart will be constrained to confess that the arrival of large flocks of birds with pebbles to destroy a particular army is in deed a supernatural act which defies the laws of ‘modern science’.

This incident of the destruction of Abraha’s army described briefly in Surah Al-Feel is a demonstration of one of the numerous supernatural and miraculous act displaying the Power of Allah Ta’ala. These miraculous displays have no relationship. to ‘modern science’. They do not operate in submission to the laws of nature or ‘modern science’. They are a clear revelation of the Power of Allah Ta’ala. He, Who is the Creator of all natural laws which our apologetic bretheren term ‘modern science’, is not bound by these laws. He acts solely by His lraadah (Will), and none can encompass His Attributes.

MU’JIZAH

The futile and apologetic endeavours to strike a relationship between the Mu’jizah (Miracles of the Ambiya), Karamat (Miracles of the Auliya) and ‘modern science’ is fraught with serious consequences to one’s intellect. The puerile attempt to conform the Miraculous acts with the laws of ‘modern science’ culminates in the covert negation of the Power of Allah Ta’ala. Besides the incident of the birds and Abraha, there are many miraculous deeds and events which ‘modern science’ can never hope to explain. How will ‘modern science’ explain the shaq-qul qamr (splitting of the moon into two by the sign of the finger) act of Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam)? In conformity with which law of ‘modern science’ did Nabi Musa (alayhis salam) enact the act of ‘yade baidha’ (the glittering hand which stunned all)? What was the law of modern science’ which enabled Musa (alayhis salam) to transform with the touch of his hand his staff into a monstrous serpent capable of swallowing the whole palace of Fir’awn?

And, which law of ‘modern science’ can explain the opening of the Red Sea which enabled Bani-Isra’eel to traverse safely across, but engulfed Fir’awn and his troops? Which law of ‘modern science’ explains the creation in Jannat of Aadam (alayhis salam)? In fact ‘modern science’ totally rejects the conception of man’s origin in the being of Aadam (alayhis salam). According to ‘modern science’ man’s origin is the ape. Must the Muslim then ape, ‘modern science’ in attempting to present an apologetic explanation to non-Muslims who cannot accept the eternal truths of the Qur’an? Which law of ‘modern science’ explains the creation of Hawwa’ (alayhis salam) from the rib of Aadam (alayhis salam)? Which law of ‘modern science’ explains the Mi’raj of Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam)? Which law of ‘modern science’ explains Yunus’s (alayhis salam) three-day stay in the stomach of the fish? Does ‘modern science’ teach that a human being can remain alive three days inside the stomach of a fish? Which law of ‘modern science’ explains the Resurrection, Jannat, Jahannum, the Sirat and the innumerable other beliefs of Islam? These innumerable beliefs and practices of Islam have absolutely no truck with the laws of ‘modern science’. Many of the laws and theories of the so-called ‘modern science’ are clear-cut beliefs of kufr.

 

A Scientific View of the Day of Qiyaamah (The Day of Judgement) With Evidence from The Qur’an

[ By Dr. Mohammad Humayoun Khan]

This Article is based on the concept that the expansion of the universe (space) is the cause of the “phenomenon of time.” If this is true then the universe will “appear” to be paradoxically expanding faster as we try to measure the distant expansion of the past with our slowing time. This anomaly was independently discovered by two groups of astronomers in 1998.

Unaware that our time could be slowing, the physicists are now trying to explain this surprising finding by some undiscovered property of space or repulsive force that may make the universe expand faster.

When we are dead and have become dust and bones.
Shall then we indeed be raised again?
(Chapter: 75, Verses: 3 & 4)

Man thinks that, We shall not assemble his bones.
Yes Truly! We are able to restore his very fingers! (READ MORE)
(Chapter: 22, Verse: 7)

The Hour will come there is no doubt. And Allah will raise those who are in the graves.

CONTENTS

The Afterlife

Is Resurrection a Physical Process?

An Introduction to Cosmology

The Light Year

The Receding Galaxies

The Future of the Universe as Described in The Qur’an

The Big Bang

The Expansion of the Universe

The Contraction of the Universe and the Reversal of Time

No Free Will in the Contracting Universe

Reversal of Gravity

Earth: “Empty” from Inside with the Sky in its Center

The Smooth Outer Surface of the Earth

Will we Regress to Nothingness with the Reversal of Time?

The Higher Dimensions

The Black Holes: “The Blocked Gateways” to the Higher Dimensions

Angels Descend through the Gates in the Sky

When will the Day of Judgment Arrive

Waiting in the Grave for Day of Judgment to Arrive?

Summary

                   THE AFTERLIFE

The belief in life after death is universal; it is reflected in the teachings of all the major religions of the world, permeating culture and time. Despite tremendous scientific and technological advancement of the twentieth century, we have no answers to many questions that have plagued the minds of people from time immemorial. What happens to us on dying? What is soul? Does it leave the body to enter the spiritual world, which is beyond human perception in some other dimension? Are the souls reincarnated entering some other body to be recycled again as in the beliefs of some eastern religions? Is the soul captured and kept somewhere until the Day of Judgment to be reunited with the body that rises from the grave? How can a body that had decayed and disappeared into dust, regain its original shape and form? We can believe what we wish; however the modern world is based on truthful pursuit of science and technology. Truth cannot be decided on wishful thinking or majority vote, if that was the case then Columbus would have surely fallen off the earth in 1492.

We live in a world that demands proof and is not just content with belief. The belief or even the proof however, is only for the believer, and belief comes from within our hearts. The greatest of proofs will not satisfy the non-believer, while the slightest evidence can be a great source of satisfaction for the believer. In this context let us look at the story of Prophet Ibrahim (alaihissalaam) given in the Qur’an. (Chapter ii verse 260.) Prophet Ibrahim (alaihissalaam) wanted to know how Allah gives life to the dead. He had the faith of a man who was willing to sacrifice his own son for the sake of God, yet he wanted reassurance; which then was given to him in the form of a great miracle. Ordinary people like us are also in need of reassurance in a world where science and technology have assumed greater importance than religion.

There is only one version of the Qur’an. It is the only religious book that even the critics of Islam admit was never altered since its revelation to Prophet Mohammed (sallallaahu alaihi wasallam) fourteen hundred years ago.

Scientific advancements have provided better understanding of many Qur’anic verses that appeared obscure in the past. The Qur’an accurately describes a variety of scientific facts that were discovered in the last one hundred years. This is one of the reasons that the Qur’an stands far above other religious books in its authority as a truly revealed book.

The Qur’an in many verses describes the future of the universe and The Day of Judgment. The verses appear to depict some great final catastrophe that will affect the whole universe. Many chapters mention the final earthquake, the opening of gates in the sky and “a time” in which mankind will see what they had done before so that they will become witnesses against their own selves.

In this article I explore the similarities between the Qur’anic description of The Day of Judgment and some theories of cosmology that predict reversal of time in the future with the beginning of the contraction phase of the universe. You will be surprised to learn that the religious contention that man will rise from the grave is not a myth or wishful thinking but is based on real scientific principles. I would like to however caution the reader that scientific ideas keep on changing, and my presentation here does not in any way mean that this is the only way for mankind to come back alive. Allah has absolute power and when He wishes something to happen IT IS.

IS RESURRECTION A PHYSICAL PROCESS?

It is Allah, Who sends the winds and they raise a cloud then leads it to a dead land and revives the earth after its death, Such is the Resurrection. (Qur’an Chapter 35 Verse 9)

The raising of clouds and the growth of plants following rain had appeared miraculous in the past. Now we understand these as due to various natural laws. In the Qur’an the resurrection is compared to the physical processes such as the growth of plants after rain; this suggest that revival after death is also based on some physical laws created by Allah.

Following are the main themes of the Day of Judgment described in the Quran:

(1) The final earthquake and the transformation of the earth into a hollow sphere.

(2) Rising from the grave.

(3) A time when our hands feet and tongue will become witnesses against us.

(4) Opening of gates in the sky.

(5) Through which every one will be removed to some other higher dimensions beyond the dying universe.

All of the above events can be explained on the basis of reversal of time and the accompanying reversal of gravity which the physicists believe, has to happen if the time is going to reverse.

Sometimes in the future the knowledge of the Day of Judgment that is given in the Qur’an might become widely known and accepted as the truth.

We shall show them our signs on the horizons and within themselves until it will become apparent to them, that it is the truth is your Lord not sufficient since He is witness over all things? (Qur’an Chapter41 Verse 53)

AN INTRODUCTION TO COSMOLOGY

To understand how the future of the universe is linked to the Day of Judgment, some knowledge of cosmology is essential. In the next few pages we will learn, how the universe began, what it is like now and what are the possibilities in the future.

Our solar system consists of earth and seven other planets that are orbiting around a star that we call the sun. The sun, along with two hundred billion other stars, comprises our galaxy “The Milky Way.” The galaxies are shaped roughly like a disc, with the stars orbiting at various distances around a large central mass.

THE LIGHT YEAR

The universe is so vast that the distances between stars and galaxies have to be measured in “light years.” A light year is the distance travelled by light in a year, at the speed of three hundred thousand kilometres per second. The distance between the earth and the sun is only eight minutes at the speed of light.

Compared to this, the nearest star from the earth other than our sun, is four light years away. The galaxy we live in, “The Milky Way,” is one hundred and fifty thousand light years across. This means that traveling at the speed of light, it would take one hundred and fifty thousand years to go from one side of Milky Way to the other. The galaxies on the average are separated from each other by ten million light years. Many hundred billion such galaxies are part of the truly gigantic universe.

The creation of the heavens and the earth is definitely a greater thing than creation of mankind, however, most of mankind knows not. (Qur’an Chapter 40 Verse 57)

THE RECEDING GALAXIES

The galaxies other than our “Milky Way” are moving away from us at tremendous speeds. This can be ascertained, by analysing the light given off by the galaxies, by an instrument called the spectroscope. The more distant a galaxy is the greater is its speed of recession. This motion of the galaxies is due to the expansion of the universe. The universe began about fifteen to twenty billion years ago with a tremendous explosion called “The big bang” and has been expanding ever since. The universe is not just a sphere of galaxies rushing away from each other into unending emptiness of space. It can be compared to a balloon with many dots on it, each representing a galaxy. However, the surface of this balloon, which is two dimensional, represents all three dimensions of our space, and is expanding into a higher dimension, that is beyond our imagination.

THE FUTURE OF THE UNIVERSE AS DESCRIBED IN THE QUR’AN

It is not known if the universe will expand forever, or if one day it will begin to contract. In either case, the future of all the inhabitants of the universe could be rather bleak. If the expansion continues, after billions of years, all the energy of the sun and stars will be exhausted and every living thing will freeze to death. Eventually, only the expanding emptiness will remain.

Alternatively if there is enough mass in the universe, gravity will one day stop the expansion and then contraction will begin. A contracting universe would ultimately end in a very hot and compressed state called “The Big Crunch.” This would also destroy all life forms, as we know them.

Besides the above two depressing and purposeless scenarios of the future, there is an another possibility. Some physicists feel that time may reverse when the universe begins contracting. This prospect has a striking resemblance to the Qur’anic description of the Day of Judgment.

Now, let us turn our attention to the verses in the Qur’an that describe the beginning, the expansion and eventually the contraction of the universe. There is marked similarity between the Qur’anic revelation and recent discoveries in cosmology. The Qur’anic verses however, go far beyond modern cosmology in describing the future of the universe. The Qur’an gives us insight into laws of the universe that are yet to be discovered, the laws of the contracting universe.

THE BIG BANG

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The universe came into existence billions of years ago with a tremendous explosion called “The big bang.” This is clearly mentioned in the Quran in the following verses:

Have not “those who disbelieve” known that heavens and earth were of one piece, We parted them and, We made every living thing of water will they not then believe?? (Qur’an Chapter 21 Verse 30)

The discovery of “The Big Bang” and that of “The aquatic origin of life” was made by the non-Muslims, (“those who disbelieve”). When the universe began all matter and space (heavens) was at one point (one piece). Then everything was separated in what the physicists describe as “The big bang.” The evidence that the universe began in the “The big bang” is so overwhelming that it is now considered a fact and not just a theory.

THE EXPANSION OF THE UNIVERSE

The Universe has been expanding since its creation. Hubbell, an astronomer made this great discovery, in the early part of this century. It was also predicted by Einstein’s theory of “General Relativity.”

The expansion of the universe is clearly mentioned in the following Qur’anic verses:

The heavens, We have built with power and, We are expanding it. (Qur’an Chapter 51 Verse 47)

THE CONTRACTION OF THE UNIVERSE AND THE REVERSAL OF TIME

Time is one of the most elusive mysteries of the universe. No one knows what time really is. Albert Einstein explained time by saying that time is something that we measure with the clock. Time passes slowly within objects moving at speeds close to that of light and stops altogether at the speed of light. Time also slows near massive objects like earth, sun, very dense stars called the neutron stars, and almost stops inside the super massive stars “the black holes.” Time has a direction, it always moves towards the future. We see rain falling from the sky, objects breaking up, people getting older, and people dying. We do not see a glass becoming “unbroken” or anyone returning from the dead. That could happen only if time ran backwards. Some physicists like Michael Berry, Thomas Gold, and Steven Hawking have proposed that time may reverse when the universe begins to contract. Verses in the Qur’an suggest that one day the universe will start contracting and this will coincide with beginning of the Day of Judgment.

“The day” when, We shall roll up the heavens as a recorder rolls up a written scroll. As, We began the first creation We shall repeat it. (Qur’an Chapter 21 Verse 104)

In the above verse, “The Day” means The Day of Judgment and the contraction of the universe, is compared to the closing of a scroll. This is when time may reverse. Reversal of time will cause man to rise from his grave and again become alive. Every event will be replayed again as everything has been recorded in time.

This book pronounces against you with truth We have caused (all) you did to be recorded. (In time). (Qur’an Chapter 45 Verse 29)

And there is nothing hidden in the heavens, or the earth, but it is a clear record (in time). (Qur’an Chapter 27 Verse 75)

As the history of earth runs backwards through time, nations will return one after another. All the good and evil deeds of the individual as well as that of the nations will become completely apparent as time reversal occurs.
And you will see each nation humbled, each nation called to its record. And it will be said to them: This day you are repaid for what you used to do. (Qur’an Chapter 45 Verse 28) (time reversal)
The playing back of time will cause people to see what they had done previously.

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They will have no control over their hands, feet, mouths, and eyes. All the wrong and right things that were done before by them will be repeated again. In this sense, the mouths, hands, and feet, will become witnesses against them in front of the angels and Allah, and they will not be able to deny any of their wrong doings.

On the day when their tongues and their hands and their feet testify against them as to what they used to do. (Qur’an Chapter 24 Verse 24) (time reversal)

We warn you of doom at hand. A day when a man will look on that his own hand has sent before, and the non-believers will cry: “Wish that we were dust.” (Qur’an Chapter 78 Verse 40)

And, the messengers are brought into their time appointed. (Qur’an Chapter 77 Verse 11)

(The prophets will be returned into their time as time runs backwards)

NO FREE WILL IN THE CONTRACTING UNIVERSE

Man is given a free will to choose between right and wrong in the expanding universe, that is, when all his deeds are recorded in time. In the contracting universe, there will be no free will, and no one will have power to do harm or good to others, or change anything that they have done in their previous life.

A day when no soul has power at all over any other soul, The absolute command on that day is God’s. (Qur’an Chapter 82 Verse 19)

REVERSAL OF GRAVITY

When earth is shaken with her final earthquake. (Qur’an Chapter 99 Verse 1)

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One aspect of gravity is minute differences in time at different heights. Time passes at a slightly faster rate at the top of a mountain, as compared to the sea level. This difference in time, although imperceptible to us, is enough to make things fall to earth, and can be measured with the aid of atomic clocks. If time reverses in the contracting phase of the universe, then this time difference will also reverse. This will cause gravity to reverse so that everything will fall upwards, producing an earthquake of a magnitude never seen before. The earth along with the mountains will be suddenly lifted up from under our feet and subsequently come crashing down.

When the trumpet is blown one blast the earth with the mountains shall be lifted and crushed with one crash. (Qur’an Chapter 69 Verse 13-14)

The reversal of gravity will cause the earth to literally explode and turn inside out. The mountains will fall apart. The red-hot lava will be thrown out lighting up the sky like molten copper.

When the sky will be like molten copper and the hills will be like flakes of wool. (Qur’an Chapter 70 Verse 8)

EARTH: “EMPTY” FROM INSIDE WITH THE SKY IN ITS CENTER

And when the earth is spread out. And casts out all that was in her and is “Empty.” (Qur’an Chapter 84 Verse 3-4)

The reversal of gravity will cause earth to expand outwards, throwing out all of its insides. The mass of the earth however, will not disperse, as reversal of time will be directing all the matter to return to its previous position in time. Thus, time and gravity will become two opposing forces in the contracting universe. A balance between these two forces will change the earth into a large sphere, empty from inside. The position of the sky will Trans-locate so that it will occupy the center of the hollowed earth.

On the day when the earth will be changed other than this earth and the heavens also and they will come forth unto God, The One The Almighty. (Qur’an Chapter 14 Verse 48)

THE SMOOTH OUTER SURFACE OF THE EARTH

The inner surface of the hollowed earth will be the exact-replica of the present day earth as time plays backwards. However, the outer surface of the earth will be made from the liquid lava that is at the present time inside the earth, thus it will become smooth without any mountains, hills, valleys or any kind of unevenness.

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They will ask about the mountains, say: My Lord will break them into scattered dust and leave it (earth) as an empty plane, so you see neither curve nor ruggedness. (Qur’an Chapter 20 Verse 105-107)

The following verses describe the Day of Judgment in a comprehensive manner. The Day of Judgment will start with the final earthquake as gravity reverses.

The reversal of gravity will cause the earth to throw out all that was once inside her, thereby becoming, completely empty. The hollowed earth will have the sky towards its center. The people will begin to rise from the graves coming back alive, one after another, “in scattered groups”. The history of nations will be played back with the reversal of time.

Nations as well as people will be totally powerless caught in the backward flow of time. They will helplessly re-enact and witness their own deeds of the past. This drama will continue until each one of us is removed to the beyond.

When earth is shaken with her final earthquake. And earth yields its burdens (From within). And man says what’s wrong with her. That day she will relate her History (in time) because your Lord inspires her. That day mankind will issue forth in scattered groups to be shown their deeds. (Qur’an Chapter 99 Verse 1-6.)

WILL WE REGRESS TO NOTHINGNESS WITH THE REVERSAL OF TIME?

To an inquiring mind, it may occur that the reversal of time can lead to the resurrection from the grave. If this process remained unchecked then we will continue to grow younger, pass through our childhood and regress into nothingness in our mother’s wombs. This is also what time reversal theories say, again a purposeless exercise. Well not quite so! The thought of the great and final earthquake may instil fear into our hearts, but the real purpose is to make the higher dimensions accessible for escape from the collapsing universe. Allah has designed the universe with great precision. After the resurrection, arrangements have been made, to escape the unrelenting effect of time reversal, to beyond this universe.

On that Day, He shall gather them together it will seem as if they have stayed (in the grave) for an hour, recognizing one another. Those who were not guided and denied the meeting with God will perish. (Qur’an Chapter 10 Verse 45)

THE HIGHER DIMENSIONS

Mathematically there are an infinite number of dimensions. However we only live in a three dimensional space. Every object in our daily lives has a length, width, and height. The concept that there are more than three dimensions is impossible to imagine. However, higher dimensions do exist as intense gravity near the sun causes the space to curve in an extra higher dimension. Einstein considered this for the first time and was able to accurately calculate the orbit of the inner planet Mercury. Einstein’s theory of general relativity is based on the concept of higher dimensions.

We may gain some insight into the concept of higher dimensions by studying the problems faced by people in the past. There was a time when people believed that the earth is flat. They were afraid of the possibility of falling off the earth if they traveled too far. This cannot happen because the surface of the earth is curved and continuous like that of a sphere.

To get off the earth we just need to move in a dimension (direction) that is perpendicular to the surface. That is straight up, from anywhere we are. We face a similar conceptual problem in understanding the higher dimensions. We may imagine that we can leave the universe only by travelling very far, but that is also not true. Even if we traveled billions of miles, we will remain within the confines of our three dimensional space.

We know that we cannot escape from God in the earth, nor can we escape by flight. (Qur’an Chapter 72 Verse 12)

The only way to go beyond the universe is by moving into a higher dimension in a direction that is perpendicular to our three dimensional space, right from where we are. In the present expanding universe this is not possible, as our space is not continuous with the higher dimensions. For that to happen, our space will have to literally be torn apart first and then be connected to the higher dimensions. Can this happen in the center of the black holes?

THE BLACK HOLES: “THE BLOCKED GATEWAYS” TO THE HIGHER DIMENSIONS

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And heaven is opened and becomes as gates. (Qur’an Chapter 78 Verse 19)

The opening of gates in the sky is a concept similar to that of black holes. Such openings can be the gateways to beyond the universe through the higher dimensions. Massive stars, which collapse inward under their own weight, can form black holes. Gravity in such objects is so strong that even light cannot escape and they become invisible. Hence, the name black holes. Some physicists believe that space-time may be ripped apart in the black holes, producing gateways to beyond this universe. The curvature producing mass of the black hole however also blocks the opening, thus preventing anything from escaping to the higher dimensions.

In the contracting universe, this problem should not exist. The reversal of gravity in the contracting phase will change all the heavenly bodies into massive hollow structures just as described in the Qur’an. These hollow structures will have empty skies in their center where even the reversed gravity of relatively lighter objects like earth, will have a run away effect. This will cause the fabric of space-time to be torn apart, forming portals or gateways to the higher dimensions

The heavens will split asunder, for that day, it will be frail. (Qur’an Chapter 69 Verse 16)

Mankind will see many strange things in the contracting universe that may cause confusion, (When sight is confounded.) One of these is the rising of sun from the west, mentioned in an authentic hadith.

This phenomenon due to the reversal of time will be visible briefly as the Day of Judgment begins followed by the final earthquake. The earth will change into a hollow structure, from within which both the sun and the moon will not be visible. (The moon is eclipsed.) The gateways to beyond the universe will form in the center-sky, and may appear as a bright light constantly shining from straight above. This may cause us to wonder weather the sun and the moon have become one: (The sun and moon are united). This dilemma is probably mentioned in the following verses.

When sight is confounded, And the moon is eclipsed (hidden from view), And sun and moon are united. (appear as one light). (Qur’an Chapter 75 Verse 7-9)

The stars will stop shining as the light moves back with reversal of time. They will also be hidden from view from within the hollowed earth.

When the stars are put out. (Qur’an Chapter 78 Verse 8)

ANGELS DESCEND THROUGH THE GATES IN THE SKY

A day when the heavens and the clouds will be rent asunder and the angels will be sent down “A grand descent. (Qur’an Chapter 25 Verse 25)

The reversed gravity in the contracting universe will open gates in the center-sky of the earth. A spectacular site will be thousands of angels descending down to accomplish the task assigned to them on the Day of Judgment.

Think of the day when, We remove the hills, and you see the earth emerging and We gather them together, as to leave not one of them behind. (Qur’an Chapter 18 Verse 47)

The collapsing universe will ultimately be destroyed in a fireball which physicists call the “Big Crunch.” Everyone will be gathered much before that time comes and no one will be left behind. The angels of “The grand descent” may accomplish the gathering and removal of humans to “The beyond”. Anyone remaining behind could regress to nothingness, as time will be running backwards.

That you shall “ride” on from plane to plane. (Qur’an Chapter 84 Verse 19)

In our final journey through the gates that will open in the center sky, we may cross many planes or dimensions. The word “ride” is used in the Quran, as if this journey will be accomplished by riding on “something.”

As we leave this universe we may be collected together on some vast plane in an another dimension, every one will come from all times and places in history to face the judgment of their deeds and heaven and hell.

WHEN WILL THE DAY OF JUDGMENT ARRIVE

Men ask you of the Hour. Say the knowledge of it is with God only. What can convey to you that may be the Hour is near. (Qur’an Chapter 33 Verse 63)

They bid you to hasten on the doom. And if a term had not been appointed, the doom would have definitely come on them. And it will come upon them suddenly when they perceive not. (Qur’an Chapter 29 Verse 53)

Superficially, it seems that if we knew the rate at which the expansion of the universe is slowing, then we should be able to predict when the Day of Judgment will begin. However, if time is related to the expansion of space, we cannot observe the slowing of the expansion. This would be like attempting to measure the speed of a car with a clock that is connected to its wheels, so that the speed of time would depend on the speed of the car. If the car slowed-down the time will also slowdown and speed of the car would always appear the same. Similarly as the expansion of the universe slows time and motion will also slowdown, the rate of expansion, will appear the same.

The threatened hour is near. None beside God can disclose it. Are you surprised then at this statement? (Qur’an Chapter 53 Verse 57-59)

Even the most advanced civilization in the universe would always observe that the universe is expanding at the same steady rate with which it started.

Paradoxically the far-reaches of space may even seem to expand faster when measurements are made with our local slowing time.

The nature of time is such that slowing of time also cannot be perceived. This of course means that the beginning of the Day of Judgment cannot be predicted and may come at any time. Only Allah, who is independent of time, knows of the real timing of the Day of Judgment.

WAITING IN THE GRAVE FOR DAY OF JUDGMENT TO ARRIVE?

In the Qur’an, the soul is compared to consciousness and death is compared to sleep. Once death overcomes us there is no perception of the passage of time and the next thing we see will be the Day of Judgment.

And on The Day when the Hour arrives the guilty will swear that they remained (dead) but for an hour, thus they were ever deceived but to those to whom knowledge and faith are given will say:

”The truth is that you have remained (dead) until the Day of Resurrection by God’s decree. This is the Day of Resurrection, but you used not to know.” (Qur’an Chapter 30 Verse 55-56)

On The Day of Judgment, the reality of afterlife and the true religion Islam will become clear to everyone. Those who had indulged in evil deeds and followed false beliefs will wish that they had never existed; but they will have to face the final justice. May Allah have Mercy on all of us. Aameen

To Allah belongs the Sovereignty of heavens and the earth on the Day when the Hour rises, who follow falsehood will be lost. (Qur’an Chapter 45 Verse 27)

SUMMARY

With the tremendous scientific advancements of the twentieth century, we have placed our trust in science and technology to solve all our problems. Dazzled by the ability of technology to produce quick results, our faith in Allah has become weak. Our actions are for worldly goals, although a stronger belief in Allah and fear of accountability in the afterlife could make us better people. We can see the consequences of lacking these in the moral decay that is afflicting many societies all over the world.

Allah has sent guidance to human beings according to the conditions existing at that moment in history. When the Pharaohs ruled, magic was a very popular pastime. Then Musa (alaihissalaam) came with miracles from Allah and defeated the magicians of the Pharaoh’s (Fir’aun) court. The people at the time of ‘Eesa (alaihissalaam) were similarly deep into miracles, and we can see that the life of ‘Eesa (alaihissalaam) is full of miracles.

When Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alaihi wasallam) came, the Arabic language and poetry was at the height of its development. The Qur’an with its clear message was revealed in the most eloquent poetry with a style unique and unmatched.

Many verses in the Quran describe the Day of Judgment. We live in a universe that has been expanding since its creation billions of years ago. Both the birth of the universe with the “Big Bang” and its expansion are described in the Qur’an. Scientists do not know if the expansion will continue forever, or if one day the universe will begin to contract. However, the Qur’anic verses suggest that the universe will not expand forever and that the Day of Judgment will begin with the contraction of the universe. It appears that time and gravity will reverse when the universe begins to contract. Reversal of time will bring about the resurrection from the grave. In this time reversed world we will come across all the good and evil that we did in our lives. Reversal of gravity will be the cause of the final earthquake, mentioned in the Quran. This will change the earth so that it will be turned inside out and be transformed into a giant hollow sphere with the sky towards its center. The reversed gravity focused towards the “earth’s center-sky” will have a runaway effect on space. The space in the center-sky will be literally torn apart to produce openings or gates to the higher dimensions that are beyond our universe.

Through these openings, we will be removed from the collapsing universe.

Everyone will be taken away to escape the unrelenting effect of time reversal that could regress us to nothingness in our mother’s wombs. In some higher dimension or plane mankind will be brought together from all times and places in history, to face the judgment for their deeds and hell or heaven.

From the Quran, it appears that the timing of the Day of Judgment will never be known and it may come at any time. We should be aware that The Day of Judgment is very near to every one of us as there is no perception of passage of time after death.

The agony of death comes in truth; this is what you wished to avoid, And the trumpet is blown; this is the threatened Day. (Qur’an Chapter 50 Verse 19-20)

As we go through our daily life we should keep in mind that everything big and small that we do is being recorded in time. If we do not take steps to protect ourselves from evil, in addition to the threat of severe punishment, we stand the chance of great embarrassment on the Day of Judgment. The reversal of time will expose all our secrets.

I hope this article will serve as a source of warning as well as encouragement to the believers. They will realize that, The Day of Judgment is a religious, scientific and mathematical truth, which every one will have to face; and our deeds in this world will determine our fate in the eternal life.

There is no doubt however, that the real knowledge of the Day of Judgment is with God only.

The non-Muslims hopefully, will appreciate that the religion of Islam is more than just another belief and they will be stimulated to further investigate the world of Islam.