by Shaykh Muhammad Shareef bin Farid
Realize that Allah ta`ala has created certain months which are sacred, in which reward and punishment is multiplied for the one who attains them. Allah ta`ala says in His Infallible Qur’an:
ﺇِﻥَّ ﻋِﺪَّﺓَ ﺍﻟﺸُّﻬَﻮﺭِ ﻋِﻨْﺪَ ﺍﻟﻠَّﻪِ ﺇِﺛْﻨَﺎ ﻋَﺸَﺮَ ﺷَﻬْﺮًﺍ ﻓِﻲ ﻛِﺘَﺎﺏِ ﺍﻟﻠَّﻪِ ﻳَﻮْﻡَ ﺧَﻠَﻖَ ﺍﻟﺴَّﻤَﻮَﺍﺕِ ﻭَﻷَﺭْﺽَ ﻣِﻨْﻬَﺎ ﺃَﺭْﺑَﻌَﺔٌ ﺣُﺮُﻡٌ .
“Indeed the numbers of the months with Allah are twelve months (established) in the Book of Allah from the Day Allah created the heavens and the earth. Four of the (months) are sacred.”
Our scholars have said that these sacred months are Rajab, Sha`baan, Dhu’l-Hijja and Muharram.
Realize that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, recognized the sacredness and honor of the month of Rajab in many traditions.
It has been related by al-Bayhaqi in his Shu`b al-Imaan and Ibn `Asaakir on the authority of Anas ibn Malik who said that whenever the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace would enter into the month of Rajab he would say
ﺍﻟﻠَّﻬُﻢَّ ﺑَﺎﺭِﻙْ ﻟَﻨَﺎ ﻓِﻲ ﺭَﺟَﺐٍ ﻭَﺷَﻌْﺒَﺎﻥٍ ﻭَﺑَﻠِﻐْﻨَﺎ ﺭَﻣَّﻀَﺎﻥَ،
“O Allah bless us in Rajab, Sha`baan and allow us to reach Ramadan.”
Whenever the night of Juma` (Thursday night) would occur, he, may Allah bl;ess him and grant him peace would say:
ﻫَﺬِﻩِ ﻟَﻴْﻠَﺔِ ﻏَﺮَﺍﺀِ ﻭَﻳَﻮْﻡِ ﺃَﺯْﻫَﺮِ .
“This night is the night of ardent love and its day is a radiant day.”
The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace established Rajab as the month of Allah.
This means that it’s a month in which Allah ta`ala is glorified extensively.
It has been related by Abu’l-Fatah Ibn Abi’l-Fawaaris in his Imaaliya on the authority of al-
Hassan al-Basri in a tradition that is mursal that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grabnt him peace said:
ﺭَﺟَﺐٌ ﺷَﻬْﺮُ ﺍﻟﻠﻪِ ﻭَﺷَﻌْﺒَﺎﻥ ﺷَﻬْﺮِﻱ ﻭَﺭَﻣَﻀَﺎﻥَ ﺷَﻬْﺮُ ﺃُﻣَّﺘِﻲ
“Rajab is the month of Allah, Sha`ban is my month and Ramadan is the month of my Umma.”
The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace made it highly recommended (mustahaab) to fast during this month of Rajab in many traditions.
It has been related by Abu’l-Hassan Ali ibn Muhammad ibn Shuja` ar-Raja`I in his Fada’il Rajab and who narrators are verified on the authority of `Ata that `Urwa said to Abdullah ibn Umar: ‘Did the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace use to fast during Rajab?’ He said: ‘Yes and he used to honor it.’
Fasting in the month of Rajab opens the gates of Paradise, and opens the doors of acceptance of supplications.
Our shaykh and the general of the armies of victory (jaysh ‘l-futuuh) – Shaykh Abdullahi Dan Fodio said in his Kitab ‘l-Mawaa`idha:
“The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace said:
” ﺷًﻬْﺮُ ﺭَﺟَﺐْ ﺷَﻬْﺮٌ ﻋَﻈِﻴﻢٌ ﻣَﻦ ﺻَﺎﻡَ ﻳَﻮْﻣًﺎ ﻓِﻴﻪِ ﻓَﻜَﺄَﻧَّﻤَﺎ ﺻَﺎﻡَ ﺳَﻨَﺔً، ﻭَﻣَﻦ ﺻَﺎﻡَ ﺳَﺒْﻌَﺔً ﺃَﻳَّﺎﻡٍ ﻓُﺘِﺤَﺖْ ﻟَﻪُ ﺃَﺑْﻮَﺍﺏَ ﺍﻟﺠَﻨَّﺔَ ﺍﻟﺜَّﻤَﺎﻧِﻴَﺔِ، ﻭَﻣَﻦ ﺻَﺎﻡَ ﻋَﺸَﺮَﺓَ ﺃَﻳَّﺎﻡٍ ﻣِّﻨْﻪُ ﺛُﻢَّ ﺳَﺄَﻝَ ﺍﻟﻠَّﻪَ ﺣَﺎﺟَﺘَﻪُ ﺃَﻋْﻄَﺎﻩُ ﺍﻟﻠَّﻪُ ﻣَﺎ ﺳَﺌَﻠَﻪُ ﺇِﻳَّﺎﻩُ، ﻭَﻣَﻦْ ﺻَﺎﻡَ ﺇِﻟَﻰ ﺍِﺧِﺮِﻩِ ﻏَﻔَﺮَ ﺍﻟﻠَّﻪُ ﻟَﻪُ ﻣَﺎ ﺳَﻠَﻒَ ﻣِﻦ ﺫُﻧُﻮﺑِﻪِ ﻭَﺑُﺪِّﻟَﺖْ ﺳَﻴِّﺌَﺎﺗِﻪِ ﺣَﺴَﻨَﺎﺕٍ “.
“The month of Rajab is a tremendous month. Whoever fast a single day during it, is as though he fasted a year. Whoever fast seven days (during it) the eight gates of Paradise will open for him. Whoever fast ten days from it then ask Allah for his needs, Allah will give him what he ask. Whoever fast to the end of the month, Allah will forgive all of his sins which have passed and change his evils into good deeds.”
Fasting in the month of Rajab closes the gates of Hell. It has been related by Abu Nu`aym and Ibn `Asaakir on the authority of Ibn Umar that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace said:
ﻣَﻦْ ﺻَﺎﻡَ ﺃَﻭَّﻝَ ﻳَﻮْﻡٍ ﻣِﻦْ ﺭَﺟَﺐٍ ﻋَﺪَﻝَ ﺫَﻟِﻚَ ﺑِﺼِﻴَّﺎﻡِ ﺳِﻨَّﺔٍ، ﻭَﻣَﻦْ ﺻَﺎﻡَ ﺳَﺒْﻌَﺔَ ﺃَﻳَّﺎﻡٍ ﺃُﻏْﻠِﻖَ ﻋَﻨْﻪُ ﺳَﺒْﻌَﺔَ ﺃَﺑْﻮَﺍﺏِ ﺍﻟﻨَّﺎﺭِ، ﻭَﻣَﻦ ﺻَﺎﻡَ ﻣِﻦْ ﺭَﺟَﺐٍ ﻋَﺸَﺮَﺓَ ﺃَﻳَّﺎﻡٍ ﻧَﺎﺩَﻯ ﻣُﻨَﺎﺩٌ ﻣِﻦَ ﺍﻟﺴَّﻤَﺎﺀِ ﺃَﻥ ﺳَﺄَﻝَ ﺗُﻌْﻄِﻪِ
“Whoever fast one day from the month of Rajab it is equivalent to fasting and entire year. Whoever fast seven days from it the seven gates of Hell Fires are closed for him. Whoever fast ten days from the month of Rajab, a caller will call out in the heavens: ‘Ask and it will be given!’”
Fasting in the month of Rajab removes sins, raises one’s spiritual rank and gives honor and safety on the Day of Judgment.
The Prophet, blessings and peace be upon him said:
” ﻣَﻦ ﺻَﺎﻡَ ﺭَﺟَﺐْ ﻓَﻠَﻪُ ﻋَﻠَﻰ ﺍﻟﻠَّﻪِ ﺛَﻼَﺛَﺔَ ﺃَﺷْﻴَﺎﺀَ : [ 1 ] ﻣَﻐْﻔِﺮَﺓَ ﻟِﺠَﻤِﻴﻊِ ﺍﻟﺬُّﻧُﻮﺏِ؛ [ 2 ] ﻭَﻋِﺼْﻤَﺔَ ﻓِﻴﻤَﺎ ﺑِﻘِﻲَ ﻣِﻦ ﻋُﻤْﺮِﻩِ ﻭَﺃَﻣْﻨًﺎ ﻳَﻮْﻡَ ﺍﻟْﻘِﻴَﺎﻣَﺔِ ﻣِﻦ ﻋَﻄَﺶِ ﺍﻷَﻛْﺒَﺮِ “.
“Whoever fast Rajab will have three things from Allah:
 forgiveness of all sins;
 divine protection from remains from his life-span; and
 safety on the Day of Standing from the great thirst’.”
Fasting in the month of Rajab is atonement for sins. It has been related by Abu Muhammad al-
Khilaal in his al-Fada’il Rajab on the authority of Ibn `Abaas that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace said:
ﺻَﻮْﻡُ ﺃَﻭَّﻝِ ﻳَﻮْﻡٍ ﻣِﻦْ ﺭَﺟَﺐٍ ﻛَﻔَﺎﺭَﺓُ ﺛَﻠَﺎﺙَ ﺳِﻨِﻴﻦَ، ﻭَﺍﻟﺜَّﺎﻧِﻲ ﻛَﻔَﺎﺭَﺓُ ﺳِﻨَﺘَﻴْﻦ، ﻭَﺍﻟﺜَّﺎﻟِﺚُ ﻛَﻔَﺎﺭَﺓُ ﺳِﻨَّﺔٍ، ﺛُﻢَّ ﻛُﻞُّ ﻳَﻮْﻡٍ ﺷَﻬْﺮًﺍ
“Fasting the first day of Rajab is atonement for sins for three years. Fasting the second day is atonement for two years. Fasting the third day is atonement for a year. While fasting everyday thereafter is atonement for each day for a month.”
Fasting in the month of Rajab gains for the person a unique Divine drink in Paradise. It has been related by as-Shiraazi in his al-Alqaab as well as al-Bayhaqi in his Shu`b al-Imaan on the authority of Anad ibn Malik that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace said:
ﺇِﻥَّ ﻓِﻲ ﺍﻟْﺠَﻨَّﺔِ ﻧَﻬْﺮًﺍ ﻳُﻘَﺎﻝُ ﻟَﻪُ ﺭَﺟَﺐٌ ﺃَﺷَﺪَّ ﺑِﻴَﺎﺿًﺎ ﻣِﻦَ ﺍﻟﻠَّﺒَﻦِ ﻭَﺃَﺣْﻠَﻰ ﻣِﻦَ ﺍﻟْﻌَﺴْﻞِ ﻣَﻦْ ﺻَﺎﻡَ ﻳَﻮْﻣًﺎ ﻣِﻦْ ﺭَﺟَﺐْ ﺷِﻘَﺎﻩُ ﺍﻟﻠﻪُ ﺗَﻌَﺎﻟَﻰ ﻣِﻦْ ﺫَﻟِﻚَ ﺍﻟﻨَّﻬْﺮِ
“Verily in Paradise there is a river which is called Rajab is whiter than milk and sweeter than honey. Whoever fast during the month of Rajab, Allah ta`ala will give him to drink from that river.”
The best time to fast and seek Allah’s forgiveness is the last part as the month approach the month of Sha`baan. It has been related by al-Bayhaqi in his Shu`b al-Imaan on the authority of Salman al-Farsi that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace said:
ﻓِﻲ ﺭَﺟَﺐْ ﻳَﻮْﻡٌ ﻭَﻟَﻴْﻠَﺔٌ، ﻣَﻦْ ﺻَﺎﻡَ ﺫَﻟِﻚَ ﺍﻟْﻴَﻮْﻡِ ﻭَﻗَﺎﻡَ ﺗِﻠْﻚَ ﺍﻟﻠَّﻴْﻠَﺔِ ﻛَﺎﻥَ ﺻَﺎﻡَ ﻣِﻦَ ﺍﻟﺪَّﻫْﺮِ ﻣَﺎﺋَﺔَ ﺳِﻨَّﺔٍ ﻭَﻗَﺎﻡَ ﻣَﺎﺋَﺔَ ﺳِﻨَّﺔٍ، ﻭَﻫُﻮَ ﻟِﺜَﻠَﺎﺙِ ﺑَﻘِﻴﻦٍ ﻣِﻦْ ﺭَﺟَﺐٍ، ﻭَﻓِﻴْﻪِ ﺑَﻌَﺚَ ﺍﻟﻠﻪُ ﺗَﻌَﺎﻟَﻰ ﻣُﺤَﻤَّﺪًﺍ
“In the month of Rajab there is a day and night, that whoever fast its day and stand in prayer during its night, it will be as though he had fasted a time of one hundred years and stood in prayer during the night for one hundred years. It is the remaining last three days from Rajab. It was in this time that Allah ta`ala sent Muhammad.”
Fasting in the month of Rajab must be accompanied with fearful awareness of Allah ta`ala (taqwa).
It has been related by Abu Muhammad al-Hassan ibn Muhammad al-Khilaal in his Fada’il Rajab on the authority of Abu Sa`id al-Khudri that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace said:
ﺭَﺟَﺐٌ ﻣِﻦ ﺷُﻬُﻮﺭِ ﺍﻟْﺤَﺮَﻡِ ﻭَﺃَﻳَّﺎﻣُﻪُ ﻣَﻜْﺘُﻮﺑَﺔٌ ﻋَﻠَﻰ ﺃَﺑْﻮَﺍﺏِ ﺍﻟﺴَّﻤَﺎﺀِ ﺍﻟﺴَّﺎﺩِﺳَﺔِ، ﻓَﺈِﺫَﺍ ﺻَﺎﻡَ ﺍﻟﺮَّﺟُﻞُ ﻣِﻨْﻪُ ﻳَﻮْﻣًﺎ ﻭَﺟَﺪَّﺩُ ﺻَﻮْﻣَﻪُ ﺑِﺘَﻘْﻮَﻯ ﺍﻟﻠﻪِ ﻧَﻄَﻖَ ﺍﻟْﺒَﺎﺏُ ﻭَﻧَﻄَﻖَ ﺍﻟْﻴَﻮْﻡُ، ﻗَﺎﻟَﺎ : ﻳَﺎ ﺭَﺏُّ ﺃَﻏْﻔِﺮْ ﻟَﻪُ ! ﻭَﺇِﺫَﺍ ﻟَﻢْ ﻳَﺘِﻢ ﺻَﻮْﻣَﻪُ ﺑِﺘَﻘْﻮَﻯ ﺍﻟﻠﻪِ ﻟَﻢْ ﻳَﺴْﺘَﻐْﻔِﺮَﺍ، ﻭَﻗِﻴْﻞَ : ﺧَﺪَﻋَﺘْﻚَ ﻧَﻔْﺴُﻚَ .
“When a man fast a day in it and then renews his fasting by means of fearful awareness of Allah, the door speaks out as well as the day speak out on his behalf saying: ‘O Lord forgive him.’ When he does not complete his fasting with fearful awareness of Allah, they do not seek forgiveness of him and it is said to him: ‘You have deceived your own soul.”
It is reprehensible according to the shari`a to fast the entire month of Rajab. It has been related by Ibn Maja, at-Tabarani in his al-Kabeer and Ibn Habaan in his as-Saheeh on the authority of Ibn `Abaas that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace forbade fasting the entire month of Rajab.
It has been narrated by ad-Daylami on the authority og Ali ibn Abi Talib who said that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace said:
)) ﺃَﻛْﺜِﺮُﻭﺍْ ﻣِﻦَ ﺍﻟْﺎِﺳْﺘِﻐْﻔَﺎﺭِ ﻓِﻲ ﺷَﻬْﺮِ ﺭَﺟَﺐٍ ﻓَﺈِﻥَّ ﻟﻠﻪِ ﻓِﻲ ﻛُﻞَّ ﺳَﺎﻋَﺔٍ ﻣِﻨْﻪُ ﻋْﺘْﻘَﺎﺀٌ ﻣِﻦَ ﺍﻟﻨَّﺎﺭِ، ﻭَﺇِﻥَّ ﻟﻠﻪِ ﻣَﺪَﺍﺋِﻦٌ ﻟَﺎ ﻳَﺪْﺧُﻠَﻬَﺎ ﺇِﻟَّﺎ ﻣَﻦْ ﺻَﺎﻡَ ﺷَﻬْﺮَ ﺭَﺟَﺐٍ ((
“Do much seeking forgiveness in the month of Rajab for verily Allah has in every hour in it those who He frees from the Fire. Verily Allah has valleys that know one will enter except those who fast during the month of Rajab.”