Category Archives: Jumu’ah related Issues

RECITATION OF DUROOD

By Mujlisul Ulama

⚫ THE RECITATION OF DUROOD AND SALAAM UPON OUR NABI (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) AT LEAST ONCE IN A LIFETIME. IS FARDH. THIS IS COMMANDED IN THE QURAAN SHAREEF.

⚫ WHEN THE MENTION OF RASULULLAH (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) IS MADE IN A GATHERING THEN IT IS WAAJIB TO RECITE DUROOD AND SALAAM AT LEAST ONCE, PROVIDED THAT ONE IS NOT ENGAGED IN SALAAT OR LISTENING TO THE KHUTBAH. THIS IS ESTABLISHED FROM MANY AHADITH.

⚫ RECITING DUROOD UPON OUR NABI (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) DURING SALAAT AFTER TASHAHHUD IS  SUNNATUL MUAKKADAH, AND ACCORDING TO IMAAM SHAFI IT IS FARDH.

⚫ AT ALL OTHER TIMES ITS RECITATION IS MUSTAHAB.

Question: On Fridays when the Khateeb is reciting the Khutbah some people recite Durood Shareef audibly when the ayat: “Innal-Iaaha wa malaa-ikatahu yusal-loona alan nabi ” is read. Is this correct?

Answer: While the Khutbah is in process it is not permissible to recite anything. It is not permissible to recite Durood Shareef or anything else when the Khateeb recites the aforementioned verse of the Quraan Shareef. During the Khutbah when the name of Rasulullah (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) is mentioned, Durood should be “recited” in one’s mind i.e. the tongue must not be moved.

Is it Permissible to pray Tahiyyat al-Masjid during Jumu’ah Khutbah (Friday sermon)?

Allah Taala commands us in the Holy Quraan: “When the Quraan is read, listen to it with attention and hold your peace: that ye may receive mercy.” (Verse 204, Surah Al-A’araaf)

Many commentators like of Mujaahid, Ibn Juraij and Saeed ibnul Musayib (Rahimahumullah) are of the opinion that the above verse also refers to the period of the Jumuah Khutbah and Salaat. (Tafseer Ibn Katheer – vol 2)

Rasulullah Sallallaahu-alaihi-wasallam has also mentioned: “When one of you enters the masjid whilst the imaam is on the pulpit (delivering the khutba) then he should not perform any salaat nor should he speak until the imam completes (the sermon).” (Tabrani)

A hadith in Musnad Ahmad also suggests that when one enters the Musjid for Salaatul-Jumuah and the imaam has already commenced the sermon, then one should sit down and listen attentively to the sermon and not perform any salaat. (Musnad Ahmad pg. 75, vol 5)

The above has been the practise of many eminent Sahaba (Radhiyallahu Anhum) and Tabi’een such as Hazrat Umar, Uthman, Ali, Ibn Abbas (Radhiyallahu Anhum), Imam Malik, Laith, Abu-Hanifa, Thawri, Ibn Sireen (Rahimahumullah). (Sharh Muslim – Pg 287, vol 1 / Musannaf ibn abi Shaibah Pg.20, vol 2)

However, Imaam Shafie and Imaam Ahmad bin Hanbal (Rahimahumullah), are of the opinion that it is mustahab (preferable) for one who arrives after the imaam has commenced his sermon to perform his Tahiyyatul-musjid. (Sharh-Muslim- Nawawi p.g 287) They have based their view on the strength of an incident that
occurred with Hazrat Sulaik Al-Ghatfani (Radhiyallahu Anhu). Hazrat Jabir (Radhiyallahu Anhu) narrates that Sulaik Al–Ghatfani entered whilst Rasulullah Sallallaahu-alaihi-wasallam was delivering the Friday sermon and sat down. Rasulullah Sallallaahu-alaihi wasallam enquired of him if he had performed his salaat. When he replied in the negative, Rasulullah Sallallaahu-alaihi wasallam then ordered him with the following: a) to stand up b) perform 2 rakaats  (nafl-salaat) c) keep the salaat brief. [Kitaabul-Jumuah – Sahih Muslim P.g 287, Vol-1].

The majority of the scholars who do not hold the same view as Imaam Shafie & Ahmad bin Hanbal (Rahimahullah), explain the above hadith to be a special case concerning Hazrat Sulaik (Radhiyallahu Anhu) only. This line of reasoning has been supported by a narration of Hazrat Abu Saeed Al-Khudri (Radhiyallahu Anhu) that Rasulullah Sallallaahu alaihi wasallam had ordered him to offer his 2 rakaats of salaat. He (Sallallaahu-alaihi wasallam) encouraged the sahaaba to be charitable towards him, upon seeing his down-trodden condition. (Kitaabul-Jumuah, Nasaai -Pg.208, vol 1) Hence the deduction of these scholars indicates that the reason for Rasulullah Sallallaahu-alaihi wasallam’s ordering him to perform his salaat was for the sahaaba to notice his pitiable, poor and downtrodden condition. In this way Rasulullah Sallallaahu-alaihi wasallam encouraged charity towards him.

Notwithstanding the above incident, Rasulullah Sallallaahu-alaihi Wasallam never commanded any other latecomer to stand up and perform his tahiyyatul-musjid, as he commanded Hazrat Sulaik (Radhiyallahu Anhu). There are many incidents which substantiate this view, where a late comer was not commanded by Rasulullah Sallallaahu-alaihi wasallam to offer his salaat. To the contrary he was instructed to sit down and not cause any inconvenience to others. (Nasaai- p.g 207 ) Some narrations also mention that Rasulullah
Sallallaahu-alaihi wasallam stopped his sermon, waited for Hazrat Sulaik (Radhiyallahu Anhu) and resumed his sermon after he had completed his salaat. [Musannaf ibn Abi Shaiba-pg.20-vol2)]

This clearly indicates that Hazrat Sulaik (Radhiyallahu Anhu) did not perform his 2 rakaats during the sermon. Rasulullah Sallallaahu-alaihi wasallam had also asked him to make his salaat brief (whilst he waited for him). This also emphasizes the importance of listening to the sermon. In fact Rasulullah Sallallaahu-alaihi wasallam prohibited any other activity during the sermon, so that one listens to the advices of the sermon. Even commanding someone with good during the sermon was prohibited, although it is normally wajib act. Hence, if a wajib act was not permitted,then how will a nafl act be given preference over it? [Al-Bahr-ur-Raaiq p.g 271
vol 2]

From the above, it can be concluded that it is advisable for the latecomer to sit down and listen to theFriday Sermon and not to engage in any nafl salaat. This viewpoint is strongly supported by the majority of the eminent and pious predecessors.Even, great scholars like Imaam Shafie & Imaam Ahmad
bin Hambal are of the opinion that at the most, it is sunnat (and not compulsory) for the latecomer to perform the tahiyyatul-musjid , during the sermon. [Al-Fiqhul-Islaami wa Adillatuhu – p.g 297 vol 2]

and Allah Ta’ala Knows Best

Mufti Ebrahim Desai
FATWA DEPT.

The Originator of the Term “Amma Ba`d” used in Khutbah of Yaumul Jumu’ah

By Bilal Muhammad

During the days of Jahiliyyah, there was a righteous preacher by the name of Qus bin Sa`ida al-Iyadi.

Qus was the chief of his tribe, and he was either a Christian or a Haneef. He was the first Arab to use the phrase “amma ba`d” (as for what comes after this), which became enshrined in our Friday sermons.

Qus gave a memorable speech in the `Ukath Market near Ta’if, which was the largest Arab souq at that time. A young Muhammad b. `Abdullah (s) heard the speech, which was recorded by Ibn Kathir, Bayhaqi, Haythami, and Saduq. It reads:

“O people,
Assemble, listen, and understand.
Whosoever lives shall die,
and whosoever dies has gone,
and whosoever is gone shall never return.
Verily, in the heavens there are news (khibra) and in the Earth there are lessons
– an elevated ceiling, and a spanned cradle.
The stars pass and the night turns.
The seas of water subside.
Qus swears that this is not play, but rather, there is something astonishing behind it.
I see people leave and not return.
Are they satisfied with the place they have gone to;
or left to and slept in?
Qus swears by his right hand and is not lying
– for Allah there is a religion,
and it is better than the religion that you are upon.”

ﻳﺎ ﺃﻳﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﻌﻮﺍ ﻭﺍﺳﺘﻤﻌﻮﺍ ﻭﻋﻮﺍ ، ﻣﻦ ﻋﺎﺵ ﻣﺎﺕ ، ﻭﻣﻦ ﻣﺎﺕ ﻓﺎﺕ ، ﻭﻛﻞ ﻣﺎ ﻫﻮ ﺁﺕ ﺁﺕ ، ﺇﻥ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺴﻤﺎﺀ ﻟﺨﺒﺮﺍ ، ﻭﺇﻥ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻷﺭﺽ ﻟﻌﺒﺮﺍ ، ﻣﻬﺎﺩ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ، ﻭﺳﻘﻒ ﻣﺮﻓﻮﻉ ، ﻭﻧﺠﻮﻡ ﺗﻤﻮﺭ ، ﻭﺑﺤﺎﺭ ﻻ ﺗﻐﻮﺭ ، ﻭﺃﻗﺴﻢ ﻗﺲ ﻗﺴﻤﺎ ﺣﻘﺎ ﻟﺌﻦ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻷﻣﺮ ‏[ ﺹ : 301 ‏] ﺭﺿﻰ ﻟﻴﻜﻮﻧﻦ ﺑﻌﺪﻩ ﺳﺨﻂ ، ﺇﻥ ﻟﻠﻪ ﻟﺪﻳﻨﺎ ﻫﻮ ﺃﺣﺐ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺩﻳﻨﻜﻢ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﺃﻧﺘﻢ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ، ﻣﺎ ﻟﻲ ﺃﺭﻯ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ﻳﺬﻫﺒﻮﻥ ﻭﻻ ﻳﺮﺟﻌﻮﻥ ﺃﺭﺿﻮﺍ ﺑﺎﻟﻤﻘﺎﻡ ﻓﺄﻗﺎﻣﻮﺍ ، ﺃﻡ ﺗﺮﻛﻮﺍ ﻓﻨﺎﻣﻮﺍ

Qus foretold the coming of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam). Unfortunately, he died [around] 10 years before the first revelation. But his tribe accepted the Prophet unanimously.

In Ibn Kathir, it is reported that the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said that he will be raised as his own nation on the Day of Resurrection.

The Virtues and Blessings of Yaum Al Jumu’ah (Friday)

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Hadhrat Ali Ibn Abi Taalib (Raziyallahu Anhu) narrated: on the pulpit in the mosque of Kufah: When Friday comes, the devils go to the markets with their flags, and involve people in their needs and prevent them from the Friday prayer. The angels come early in the morning, sit at the door of the mosque, and record that so-and-so came at the first hour, and so-and-so came at the second hour until the imam comes out (for preaching). When a man sits in a place where he can listen (to the sermon) and look (at the imam), where he remains silent and does not interrupt, he will receive a double reward. If he stays away, sits in a place where he cannot listen (to the sermon), silent, and does not interrupt, he will receive the reward only once. If he sits in a place where he can listen (to the sermon) and look (at the imam), and he does not remain silent, he will have the burden of it. If anyone says to his companion sitting besides him to be silent (while the imam is preaching), he is guilty of idle talk. Anyone who interrupts (during the sermon) will receive nothing (no reward) on that Friday. Then he (the narrator) says in the end of this tradition: I heard the Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him) say so. (Abu Dawood 1046)

1. Jummah preparations should begin on Thursday such as clipping the nails, removing of the hair etc (Ihya aul-Uloom, vol. 1, page 161)

2. To have a bath (Ghusl) (Bukhari, Tirmidhi, Ibn Majah)
On one Friday, Rasulullah Sallallaahu Alaihi Wasallam said: “O Muslims! Allah Ta’ala has made this day a day of Eid. So have a bath on this day, whoever has perfume should apply it, and use the Miswaak.“ (Ibn Majah)

3. To use Miswaak (Ibid)

4. To use Attar (Perfume) (Ibid)

5. To wear nice clothes (Abu Dawood, Chapter of Ghusl on the day of Jummah)

6. To proceed early as possible to the Masjid for Jummah
Rasulallah (Sallallaahu Alaihi Wasallam) said: “On the day of Jummah, the angels stand at the entrance of that Masjid in which Jummah salaat is to be offered. They write down the name of the person who enters the Masjid first, and thereafter the name of the person who follows, and they continue doing this. The person who entered first will receive the reward of sacrificing a camel in the path of Allah; the one who followed him will get the reward of sacrificing a cow, thereafter a chicken, thereafter the reward of giving an egg as charity in the path of Allah.
Once the khutbah commences, the angels close the register and begin listening to the khutbah. (Bukhari and Muslim)

7. To walk to the Masjid if possible for every step is a reward of a years Nafl Fast (Tirmidhi)

8. One should listen very attentively to the khutba even if one does not understand. One should not speak or even warn another to keep quite while the khutba is in progress.

9. To try to sit as close as possible to the Imaam. (Ibn Majah, Tirmidhi)

10. If the Saffs (rows) are already filled, one should not jump over the shoulders of the musallies in order to get to the front. (Abu Dawood)

11. One should not fiddle with clothes or fingers but listen attentively (Ibn Majah)

12. When Rasulullah (Sallallaahu Alaihi Wasallam) name is mentioned in the khutba then it is permissible to recite durood in the heart only without the movement of the lips or tongue.

13. Between the two khutba’s one should make dua. It is permissible to make dua without raising hands or moving the lips (I.e. dua should be made in the heart only without the movement of the lips or the tongue) (Aadaab -E – Zindagee)

14. To read: Surah Al A’ala (Sura no 87) in the first rakaat of Jummah Salah and Surah Gaathia (Surah no 88) in the second rakaat. (Bukhari)

15. Related by Hakim and Bayhaqi, from Abu Sa`id Radiyallahu Anhu “Whoever recites Surat al-Kahf on Friday, light shall shine forth for him between the two Fridays.” (Ibn Hajar, Talkhis al- Habir)

16. Rasulullah (Sallallaahu Alaihi Wasallam) is reported to have said, “Recite Durood upon me in abundance on the day of Jummah since they are presented to me.” (Ibn Majah)

17 . Making abundant dua on Jummah
Rasulallah (Sallallaahu Alaihi Wasalkam) said: “There is such an hour on Friday that if any Muslim makes dua in it, his dua will definitely be accepted.” (Bukhari, Muslim)

18 . Reciting Durood 80 times after Asr:
According to a Hadith recorded in Tabarani on the authority of Abdullah Ibn Abbas (Raziyallahu Anhu) : Abu Hurraira (Raziyallahu Anhu) reports that the Holy Prophet (Sallallaahu Alaihi Wasallam) said: “Whoever recites the following Durood eighty times immediately after Asr Salaat on Friday, before standing up from his place, Allah will forgive eighty years of sins and grant him the reward equivalent to eighty years of worship.”
Allahumma salli alaa muhammadinin nabiyyil ummiyyi wa-ala aalihi wasallim tasleema

O Allah bless Muhammad, the unlettered Prophet, and his family and grant them best of peace. (Jame Sagheer)

19. Abu Hurraira narrated that the Messenger of Allah (Sallallaahu Alaihi Wasallam) said: The five daily prayers, and from one Jummah to the next, are an expiation for whatever sins come in between, so long as one does not commit any major sin. (Muslim, 233)

20. It was narrated from Abu Hurraira that the Prophet (Sallallaahu Alaihi Wasallam) said: Whoever does Ghusl then comes to Jummah, and prays as much as Allah decrees for him, then listens attentively until the khutbah is over, then prays with him (the imam), will be forgiven for (his sins) between that and the next Jummah and three more days. (Muslim, 857)

Al-Nawawi (Ra) said:
The scholars said that what is meant by his being forgiven between the two Jummah and three more days is that a good deed is worth ten like it, so he will be rewarded with ten rewards for each of the good deeds that he did on Friday.

Some of our companions said: What is meant by what is between the two Jummah is from Jummah prayer and the khutbah until the same time on the following Friday, so that it will be seven days, no more and no less, then three days are added making ten in all.

21. Coming early to Jummah brings a great reward.

Abu Hurraira (Raziyallahu Anhu) narrated that the Messenger of Allah (Pbuh) said: “Whoever does Ghusl on Friday like Ghusl for janaabah, then goes to the prayer (in the first hour, i.e., early), it is as if he sacrificed a camel. Whoever goes in the second hour, it is as if he sacrificed a cow; whoever goes in the third hour, it is as if he sacrificed a horned ram; whoever goes in the fourth hour, it is as if he sacrificed a hen; and whoever goes in the fifth hour it is as if he offered an egg. When the imam comes out, the angels come to listen to the khutbah.”
(Bukhari, 814 and Muslim, 850)

22. If a person walks to Jummah prayer, for every step he will have the reward of fasting and praying qiyaam for one year.

It was narrated from Aws ibn Aws al-Thaqafi Raziyallahu Anhu that the Messenger of Allah (Sallallaahu Alaihi Wasallam) said: Whoever does Ghusl on Friday and causes (his wife) to do Ghusl, and sets out early, and comes close to the imam and listens and keeps quiet, for every step he takes he will have the reward of fasting and praying qiyaam for one year.” (al-Tirmidhi, 496)

Ibn al-Qayyim (Rahimahullah) said in Zaad al-Maâ’aad, 1/285:

Finally after quoting the hadith which speak of the virtues of Jummah prayer:

What we have quoted, when taken all together, indicates that the expiation of sins from one Friday to the next is subject to all the conditions mentioned above being met, namely doing Ghusl, cleaning oneself, putting on perfume, wearing one’s best clothes, walking in a calm and dignified manner, not stepping over people, not pushing between two people, not offending others, praying nafil prayers, listening attentively and avoiding idle speech.

May Allah give us the ability to act upon all of these virtuous deeds and Sunnah of Rasulullah (Sallallaahu Alaihi Wasallam). Aameen