Here we enter a spiritual jungle: the esoteric and occult modern world. It is very much like a market where customers shop for their favourite brand of spirituality while gurus compete with one another in order to recruit and sometimes make alliances so as to survive or grow. All loose in this bazaar because it is a universe of delusions and deceptions.
The products displayed on the stalls range from Western political esoteric organisations and spiritual occult orders, to all kinds of brands with the name “Sufi”: some have abandoned any effort to conform to Islamic orthodoxy or have officially separated themselves from Islam, inventing a so-called non-Islamic Sufism; others still try keep up appearances to different degrees, but keep links with their colleagues.
Let us now try and explain what happened and where ad-Daghestani, Nazim Qubrusi and Hisham Kabbani stand.
THE BÂTINI (OR ESOTERIC) SYSTEM
Allâh said what means: “As for those who divide their religion and break up into sects, you have no part in them in the least: their affair is with Allâh: He will in the end tell them the truth of what they were doing” (Surah al An’aam 6:159).
‘Batini’ in the context of the above verse, is a word used to describe sects or movements whose official doctrine is different from what they really teach within their ranks. Ismailis of the Musta’li branch are typical of this kind of system. They work on a progressive initiation pattern: common followers receive a teaching which is not so different from the mainstream they left that it would be repugnant. As for those who want to progress in knowledge or hierarchy, the real content will progressively be disclosed to them. In spite of the sophistication of the organisation, secrets always leak out, and the modern era has seen the disclosure and publication of many books which had been meant for an elite only.
When Islam expanded over the world, it did not find a planet empty of beliefs and religious practices. When it replaced them, it left an important number of highly intelligent people frustrated to see a religion their desires could not accept, which had replaced what they had worked for and lived by. Islam could not be destroyed from the outside, so they tried and corrupt it from the inside. They had already done so with previous communities, they only had to apply the same methods over again. Those beliefs could roughly be described as Indo-European and Semitic  paganism, revamped by Hellenistic philosophers.
Many cases of tampering in sacred books and in forging hadîths find their origin in philosophical ideas, but some ideas were too shocking for people to accept. They had to go underground in order to survive in Europe. This is the origin of esoteric Rosicrucian, Masonic or Templar orders. These ideas penetrated the Islamic environment through the translation of Greek and Hellenistic literature. Ismaili Shiites really elaborated their doctrine when they seized power in Egypt and came under the influence of one of the greatest centre of philosophy for centuries: Alexandria. Internal fights and the destruction of their dynasty forced Ismailis to scatter, mainly towards the north and eastwards, where they founded Shiite pseudo-Sufi orders and hid until the British invasion.
The ability of those people to infiltrate a religious community and pretend to agree with its ideals is a disturbing reality. It is put to their followers in an idealistic manner which aims at silencing their conscience. The former Supreme Legate of the A.M.O.R.C. Rosicrucian order, Raymond Bernard wrote: “Far from taking the faithful person away from his religion, Rosicrucian teaching often has the subsidiary consequence of making him closer to it”. After entering a community unobtrusively, new converts are attracted by letting them believe they will find the underlying meaning of their religion and plunge in its real mystical depth.
When Imâm al-Qushayri  (rahimahullâh) wrote his Risâlah, the infiltration of Hellenistic philsosophies had started in the Sunni environment and his book was meant to denounce those who had started to use the Sufism as a disguise to justify their erring ways. He set the record straight and he was followed shortly by ‘Abd al Qâdir a lJîlâni , ‘Ahmad ar Rifâ’i and then the rest of the great masters (rahimahumullah) who founded the True Islamic Sufi orders. These organisations played a major role in protecting the Path from corruption for a long time but the battle between truth and evil carried on. Esoteric heresies are viruses which adapt all the time, looking for new carriers to spread the disease, to they did manage to infect some branches of the venerable orders. The decline of the Ottomans, the ever increasing interference of Western powers and eventually the colonisation of Islamic lands, greatly favoured all types of pseudo-Sufism.
Modern times have been very interesting for all direct inheritors of this tradition, as for those who have been influenced by them. Contact was re-established with their European brothers and co-operation could start again on a large scale. This is the context which makes pseudo Sufi organisations so eager to go westward. They have many affinities with esoteric orders here, which themselves have spread in our Islamic world. Modern western minds are in general a very fertile ground for those orders. It is a revealing topic which deserves much longer explanations, but we need to concentrate now on one of them: the Nazimites.
The Nazimite sect:
Ismaili and Imami clergies are very experienced professionals whose methods of dissimulation have been refined by centuries of practice. When one talks with common followers of these sects, one realises that they have little idea of the horrific beliefs held in stock.
Nazimites are far from having such a long experience. Their control over the system is fairly weak, so there are many leaks from people who got access to their real doctrine before their conditioning was completed, or were shocked to realise that few of their many predictions ever came true. Hisham Kabbani and his collaborators would certainly like to have a stronger hand over everything and they seem to be managing that more and more. I have noticed since 1995 a more organised approach to propaganda, less blunders and embarrassing disclosures by ill-disciplined followers.
Back in 1995 and the following years, we strongly suspected that things were hidden from us because of the strange reactions and contradictions encountered among Nazimites. Each time we thought we had discovered evidence of heresies in their books we were told that such publication was not authorised any more, that another was about to be revised, that the author was somebody who had left Nazim since, etc. They had a very evasive strategy which delayed our gathering of information. They also constantly dodged our attempts to have an encounter in a neutral place.
Our suspicions were confirmed eventually by an important murid of the inner circles who decided to leave them and explicitly described a system in which very different things are said to various audiences. The stories told to non- Muslims are very different indeed from those given to Muslims, and inside the organisation, the teaching imparted to established members is shockingly at odds with what is granted to common followers. Even old murids are at different levels.
The first surprising piece of information we obtained was that the book called ‘Haqiqat ul-Haqqani’ which is filled with nonsense and outrageous statements about the alleged spiritual states of Nazim, a publication which is officially disapproved of (they even claimed to be suing people about it) was actually totally accepted by them. They believe in all its contents but were terribly embarrassed that an opponent who got hold of it spread it around in order to show outsiders the reality of the movement. What we found in the rest of their literature confirmed that.
Nazim himself confirms their system of different levels of beliefs. An interviewer called ‘Z’ in the text, asked him: “… You said once that even Shaitan will go back to Allah after a big, big period of cleaning. In the end everybody is with Allah”, then they report that al-Qubrusi answered: “Everything. Now we are speaking on the first level of beliefs and you are speaking to me about the top point of sufi-orders.”
His successor, Muhammad Hisham Kabbani, known among them as Shaykh Hisham, confirms this too when he writes: “God has cursed tyrants and unbelievers. Now we are going to say something big–be careful Mawlana asked: In what circumstances did this curse that God has pronounced on tyrants and unbelievers come! It came through the holy book, but on what tongue? Who brought the Holy Qur’an? Who recited it? From whom did the sahaba listen to it? From God? No, but from the Prophet (s). Therefore it is according to that level, the level of the Prophet (s), that God is cursing tyrants and unbelievers. Above that level, at the level of His Majesty and His presence, do you think, Mawlana asks, that there is such a curse? It is impossible, because he has honoured humankind–how could He be cursing them? … What came on the tongue of a human being, therefore, came for human beings…”
When they think that a murid has been sufficiently entangled in their emotional ties, that he has reached the level where the sheikh is not seen any more through Islam, but Islam through the sheikh – remember here that most of them had very little previous knowledge, if any in the case of converts – they start disclosing beliefs which this person would have been unable to accept before. At that moment, it makes him feel special, as if he was progressing spiritually. The final stage of conditioning is when the murid judges his or her progress by the distance with official belief and law. The further they are, the higher they think to have ascended. This delusion is reinforced among some by hallucinations, self-hypnosis and unusual phenomena which they are unable to interpret correctly, such as contacts with jinns who let them believe what is useful for them. The person who has reached that stage has fallen in complete zandaqah, outside the fold of Islam. Reports we have from former Nazimites show that there is quite a number of them.
Followers are encouraged to take part in the cover up.
Hisham Kabbani wrote: “He must not mention from the speeches of his shaikh what listeners cannot understand. This might harm the shaikh in a way of which the disciple is unaware. Ali (alayhi ssalaâm) said in a tradition narrated in Bukhari, “Speak to people at a level they can understand, because you do not want them to deny God and His Prophet (sallallâhu ‘alayhi wasallam)”.” The last quote is correct, but it was not meant to hide secrets which contradict Islam.
One of the official Nazimite web sites, http://www.naqshbandi.org/, which proudly proclaims it was founded by Muhammad Hisham Kabbani, has a link with one of the Gurdjieff sites: http://www.angelfire.com/ca3/gurdjieffsufi/. On the page “Naming names”they wrote: “Gurdjieff spoke of an inner circle of humanity, a group of conscious men who more or less ran things at the local level in each age. The idea was not new, but the terms he used to describe it were. He explained to Ouspensky at one point that humanity was divided into three concentric circles: the inner circle of conscious men, the middle circle of men mediating between the two other circles and the outer circle containing most of humanity.” This is what is the esoteric (bâtini) system, put in a way that will be acceptable to many.
Mr Hisham Kabbani also gave away their liking of esotericism, magic and the occult when he wrote about the angels Hârût and Mârût: “They taught human beings all the esoteric arts and branches of the “occult” knowledge: astrology, alchemy, numerology, the healing arts, and magic. They never give away their knowledge, however, without a warning to the would-be-practitioner: if his or her heart is pure, he or she is safe. If not, they are in danger of losing themselves among the lower beings of the eart, the jinn… Magic may be equally constructive and destructive when it comes to the mind…” Actually the two angels were sent to teach deported Hebrews the difference between miracles and magic, to prevent them from being led astray. There is no good magic or witchcraft: it is a great sin in any case and whoever gets initiated by devils into the worst kind is taken out of Islam by them.
Fake Sufi orders base their heresies on the claim that the Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) gave a secret, esoteric (bâtin) teaching to our masters ‘Abû Bakr and ‘Ali (radiyallâhu ‘anhumâ) . They claim it to transcend the exoteric (zâhir) teaching found in the holy Sharî’ah – actually its alleged contents contradicts it. Of course, every sect claims to be the best or sole inheritor of this knowledge and they still have to agree on what it is exactly. Heretics use that tale in order to justify their disregard for the revealed Law which the Prophet (sallallâhu ‘alayhi wasallam) and all the saints (‘awliya) strictly applied to themselves.
Pythagoras, Neo-platonists, occultists and Sufi claimants
Pythagoras is the first famous Greek philosopher to have clearly organised his teaching into esoteric (internal/secret) and exoteric (external/public) branches. Much later on, the Neo-platonists made a synthesis of Plato, Pythagoras and other Greek philosophers’ teaching with Egyptian, Persian and Hindu traditions. This Neo-platonic ideology is still the most influential among pseudo-Sufis and the presence of its tenets is often what gives them away. The rest of the time, their common vocabulary and persistent links are enough to point to their real nature.
When they feel exposed Nazimis will throw labels such as “masons” at others but the rest of the time, they do not make much of an effort to hide their links with western esoteric groups, the latter being more than happy to add so-called “Sufis” to the list of their friends: it reinforces their delusion to be within what they call: “the Tradition”.
An example of this cosy relation is illustrated in a dialogue between James Moore and Jim Gomez The dialogue is filled with famous names of the western esoteric/pseudo Sufi society. They said:
“And so I really put this question to you out of respect for your scholarship, fastidiousness and so forth. Is it your position – and you have made these contacts and have inquired – that the enneagram probably has its antecedents, peculiarly, in the Sufi tradition? I ask again with some background. I knew very well Seyyed Hossein Nasr, Annemarie Schimmel, these people. And I have also heard refrain from Idris Shah, who I very much associate with the Naqshibandi Sufis. At the same time, at this conference we have had people who say they see the sources of Gurdjieff’s teaching in the Christian Fathers, in the work of Mouravieff, for example.”
James Moore: Now, is it your position or is it not that the enneagram is peculiarly owed to an Islamic-Sufi tradition?
Jim Gomez: Yes. But. I’ll give that a ‘but’ because the way I am understanding it at the moment is that it is Pythagorean in origin, and goes back to at least the Pythagoreans.
Before Pythagoras, who was a very interesting figure, we have no real history because Pythagoras was at the ‘cusp’ of our Western World and its history. Before that, we have only mythology … (Note – as Guenon points out, even when we do have more ancient records or annals, such as ancient astrological readings in China, for example, which should be accepted as ‘scientific’, even then scientists and historians still tend to refer to these periods as ‘legendary’ – for a more lucid account of this idea, see R. Guenon, The Crisis of the Modern World, ch. 1) …
the interesting idea that Laleh Bakhtiar has talked to me about, is how the Islamic world ‘incorporated’ ideas from, say, the Platonic tradition.
This image is a picture of another Sufi Shaykh – Shaykh Nazim ( Maulana Sheik Nazim Al Haqqani Naqshibandiya). He is the 40th Master of the Kwajagan (Masters of Wisdom) Golden Chain. And this is a picture of him when he was 40. Now he is very old, he is 91 or 90 I believe.”
Then these gentlemen put a photograph of Nazim, finely-worked as usual, all centred around the eyes, the whole face doing its best to look both benevolent and profound. A young man asked me recently how could such a kind and gentle looking old man be so evil; I would say that in general, forgeries look better than the real thing. Some of the people mentioned in this dialogue, such as Seyyed Hossein Nasr, Gurdjieff and René Guenon, have nurtured through their books a new generation of enthusiasts who were bound to fall for pseudo Sufis such as al-Qubrusi.
The site where the dialogue above is to be found: http://users.moose.co.uk/ userfiles/gomez/first.html has a page of links which is very revealing in itself. Two of these links will take you straight to official Nazimite sites: http://naqshbandi.org/ and http://naqshbandi.net/haqqani/haqqani_english.html. The links page of the latter did not work when I tried but the former: the self-proclaimed “Naqshbandi Sufi Homepage” founded by Mr Hisham Kabbani, does have links sending straight to the so-called “Sufi Enneagram Website”, the Beliefnet, the “Gurdjieff and Sufi Paths” site and the “Gurdjieff International Review”.
Tell me who your friends are and I shall tell you who you are. Compare the links of these different sites:
The Spiritual Traveler
Beliefnet.com – Hosting faiths and spiritual paths from around the world
Gurdjieff and Sufism – what is the connection?
Sufi Enneagram Website
S.H. Nasr Foundation
Naqshbandi Sufi Homepage
Haqqani Sufi Page
Fons Vitae Books
Robert Fripp – Discipline
Trey Gunn Website
Real World Website
Elephant Talk Newsletter
BOOKS ON SUFISM
Kazi Publications – Sufi / Islamic books online
Seyyed Hossein Nasr Foundation Website
Naqshbandi Sufi Homepage
Gurdjieff / Sufi website
ENNEAGRAM/ GURDJIEFF LINKS
Mysterious Coincidences : Gurdjieff and Tradition
Jim Gomez / Portland Circle
Naqshbandi home page
The Sufi Enneagram
Portland Circle Archives JIM GOMEZ – DIARY ARCHIVE
These links from the world of spiritual superficiality were still working in Rabî^u l’Awwal 1424 (May 2003).
The Case of Gurdjieff
In ‘The Naqshbandi Sufi Way’, Hisham Kabbani related the visit of George Gurdjieff to ad-Daghestani, writing: “At the time of the dawn prayer, Shaykh Abd Allah called Gurdjieff to come and pray with him…” then he quoted the Russian teacher describing a vision he claimed to have had: “…I found myself entering into your heart and becoming part of you...”. Eventually he wrote that ad-Daghestani concluded the meeting with these words: “This meeting of ours has been blessed. Keep it as a secret in your heart and do not speak of it in this life. Abd an-Nur, for that is your name with us, you are free to stay or go as your responsibilities allow. You are always welcome with us. You have attained safety in the Divine Presence. May God bless you and strengthen you in your work”.
Who is that Gurdjieff who was treated as a saintly Muslim by ad-Daghestani, making him pray with him and asking Allâh to help him in his work??
Gurdjieff is well known in some western esoteric circles. In a book called “The dawn of Magic” they report these words of his: “My way is to develop the hidden potentialities of man, a way that is against nature and against God”. Where are the reliable Muslim sources proving that this man ever became a Muslim?? . The Gurdjieff International Review quotes him saying: “We can only strive to be able to be Christians.”.
Once again we see the collusion between western esoteric orders and pseudo Sufi orders. On the World Wide Web Nazimites and their western counterparts are officially connected. http://www.naqshbandi.org/, of Hisham Kabbani, is linked to two sites of Gurdjieff’s disciples: http://www.gurdjieff.org/ and http://www.angelfire.com/ ca3/gurdjieffsufi/ and another esoteric site: the Portland Practice Circle has a link to naqshbandi.org.
Links with Perennialists in particular:
Perennialism started as a major western philosophical movement with René Guénon in the 1920s and developed with other philosophers after him, such as Frithjof Schuon, Titus Burckhardt, Martin Lings and Seyyid Hossein Nasr. Their belief is that all religions have the same core of ideas, that official dogmas and rituals are essential for common people but that an elite can go beyond appearances and find the real meaning of existence. They assert the validity of all religions which they see as different ways of reaching the essence.
You will find in the speeches or writings of ‘Abdullâh ad-Daghestani, Nazim al-Qubrusi and Hisham Kabbani the very same ideas and we quoted them abundantly in this work. The whole ideology is a distortion of facts. Most traditional religions can be traced back to the teaching of prophets and our master Muhammad (sallallâhu ‘alayhi wasallam) said what means: “Prophets are brothers … and their religion is one”. This asserts that revelation always revealed the same truth and that differences among present day religions are due to progressive alterations of the original message, it does not say that these systems still contain a door to salvation and real knowledge. The last Messenger (sallallâhu ^alayhi wasallam) was sent to a world which had lost Islam altogether and blocked all paths to leading to it.
There is not difference of opinion among Muslims, whether they are scholars or common people, inside or outside Sufi orders, on the belief that since the Best of All Creatures (sallallâhu alayhi wasallam) brought us back Islam, there is no salvation out of it that its very core contradicts the essence of other religions.
Sufism is by its very nature the champion of Islamic orthodoxy and we shall not trust modern time philosophers who officially embraced Islam, only to carry on with their previous frame of mind. Perennialist writers like René Guénon, Frithjof Schuon and Martin Lings only made a new attempt at revitalising inside the Muslim community the tenets of Hellenistic philosophy, Neo-platonism in particular, which Imâm al-Ghazâli (rahimahullah) dashed in his time. They were joined in their effort by the surviving inheritors of this accursed tradition, such as Seyyid Hossein Nasr, ad-Daghestani, Nazim and Hisham Kabbani. Pseudo Sufis see in the spread of western civilisation a real opportunity to recover from the crushing defeat they suffered centuries ago: their old books and forgeries are published on a grand scale in many languages and spread among a new generation of Muslims who are easily deceived by their rhetoric.
It is no accident if Perennialism, other brands of Hellenistic philosophies and pseudo Sufism spread among westerners as well as Muslims brought up in the West or educated in the largely westernised universities of the Islamic world. They plot but Allâh plans and He is the best of planners.
The links of Nazimites with Perennalists is sometimes advertised. One of their Spanish speaking sites: http://www.haqqani.arrakis.es/ advertised in its book section one of René Guénon’s works in their language: “El reino de la cantidad y los signos de los tiempos”.
In his interview with ‘phenomeNEWS’ Hisham Kabbani said: “Enlightened masters in all countries are preparing their followers with limited power because there is not permission to reveal and use miraculous power. Sufism from its beginning was supported by the miraculous power of its saints but that miraculous power is not allowed to be used now. Pir Vilayat Inayat Khan is not using it, but is using the ordinary way to teach. They are not going into a higher level of consciousness because if they go to a higher level… ohhh, that would bring confusion to this world, and there is no permission to use such power until the proper time.”
Pir Vilayat Inayat Khan was the son of Inayat Khan  who was one of the many gurus from the Indian subcontinent who came to the West to find keen listeners, thirsty for an oriental flavoured philosophy. His doctrine is a typical case of pseudo Sufism, the kind which is much valued in Western esoteric and occult circles. He is one of the first to have understood that modern times made it possible to preach openly what had before been spread secretly, giving up any pretence to respect orthodoxy.
These are some of his statements:
“There is One God, the Eternal, the Only Being; none exists save He. The god of the Sufi is the God of every creed, and the God of all… He sees his God in the sun, in the fire, in the idol which diverse sects worship…
“There is One Holy Book, the sacred manuscript of nature, the only scripture which can enlighten the reader…The Sufi has all ages respected all such books, and has traced in the Vedanta, Zendavesta, Kabala, Bible, Qur’an, and all other sacred scriptures, the same truth which he reads in the incorruptible manuscript of nature, the only Holy Book…
“…the Sufi concerns himself little with the name of the religion or the place of worship.All places are sacred enough for his worship, and all religious convey to him the religion of his soul. ‘I saw Thee in the sacred Ka’ba and in the temple of the idol also Thee I saw.’…
“There is One Brotherhood, the human brotherhood which unites the children of earth indiscriminately in the Fatherhood of God…”
Dr H.J. Witteveen reported that Inayat Khan said: “In this stage the Sufi hears through the ears of God, sees through the eyes of God, works with the hands of God; then his thought is the thought of God and his feeling is the feeling of God. For him there is no longer that difference which a worshipper makes between himself and God”
We shall see later in this work how this doctrine, which is so similar to Nazim and Hisham Kabbani’s beliefs, is incompatible with Islam and at odds with the teaching of the great masters of Sufism. The only serious difference between the Nazimite leadership and Inayat Khan is that the former are still concerned with appearing orthodox to the Sunni public.
Inayat Khan founded his personal pseudo Sufi order called the “Sufi Order International”. His son Pir Vilayat Inayat Khan succeeded him (this is the person Hisham Kabbani refers to) and the organisation is now in the hands of the founder’s grandson: Pir Zia Inayat Khan.
The link between them is so strong that on his first visit to the United States, Nazim visited Pir Vilayat Khan at his New York spiritual centre. An event they publicise on Naqshbandi.org, with a photograph to prove it.
The Case of Stephen Turoff
There is a book read by some disciples of al-Qubrusi, called ‘Wings of the messenger’ (published in 1993), written by a dedicated follower, Zero Thyra Quensel, who has been quoted earlier. This work is about an open kâfir called Stephen Turoff, who claims to be possessed by the spirit of a dead man known as Dr. Abraham Joseph Kahn. The reason why she wrote the book is given in page 7 where it is explained that Nazim allowed people to go to that man. He does not simply give permission to go there, as she said: “Within days the news of the extraordinary healing of Sheik Nazim’s wife and many others had become the topic of the community … Sheik Nazim actually started telling us to go.”
What kind of man is that person whom Nazim entrusts his murids with?? Well, Ms. Quensel reports in page 5 that he told her: “You are the Creator! You are truly one with God!” The author carries on saying: “This is hard to swallow, even for believers, because it puts the whole responsibility on us. We are creating this.” This is actually the only thing that shocks her in his statement! I suppose she thinks she is a Muslim and looks down to us as people of very poor spiritual understanding, ‘hidden polytheists’.
The man has the same religion as Nazim’s, which is why al-Qubrusi is so eager to help him preach to his grateful patients while he is operating on them. This is confirmed by Thyra Quensel, in page 6, when she says: “He opens the body with various strange instruments, sometimes even with his bare fingers, operates within a minute and closes the wound without a trace of blood. While doing this he gives profound talks and Messages from the Most High”.
 This sect founded the famous Fatimid dynasty in Egypt but is now to be found mainly in the state of Gujarat, in northern India, where they are called ‘Bhoras’. The rest of their community is scattered in different countries.
 “Indo-European” is used to describe the populations who colonised Europe and the Indian subcontinent, thousands of years ago, and their descendants. Their common origin is to be found mainly in their languages. “Semitic” is use to describe another family of languages , such as Hebrew and Arabic, and the people who have been using them.
 ‘Hellenistic’ is used mainly to describe philosophies, cultures and societies which resulted from the conquest of Alexander the Great, their basic feature being the use of Greek.
 Translated from page 119 of ‘Messages du Sanstum Céleste’, published in 1980 by the Editions Rosicruciennes.
 Died in 465 H. (1072).
 Born in 470, died in 561 (1077-1166).
 Born in 500 or 512, died in 578 (1106 or 1118-1183).
 Page 5 of the book called: ‘The fruit of real belief and perfect practising is peace, an interview with Maulana Sheikh Nazim al Haqqani’ (Lefke, Cyprus, august 1988).
 Page 37 of the ‘Mercy Oceans’ Secrets of the Heart’.
 I.e.: not to be spread among common Muslims!
 Pages 33 and 34 of ‘The Naqshbandi Sufi Way’, chapter entitled ‘the conduct of the disciple with his shaikh’ and: http://www.naqshbandi.org/topics/conduct.htm.
 Found on Rabî^u l’Awwal 7th 1424 (May 10th 2003).
 Pages 162 and 163 of H. Kabbani’s “Angels Unveiled: A Sufi Perspective”.
http://users.moose.co.uk/userfiles/gomez/essay.html. “Mysterious Coincidences: Gurdjieff, the Enneagram and Tradition”. A seminar presented by Jim Gomez at the Third All and Everything International Humanities Conference UK . March, 1998 . note: all material copyright protected ©jim gomez 2000. Transcription of talk with diagrams. The text was still available in Rabî^u l’Awwal 1424 (May 2003).
 The Seyyid Hossein Nasr Foundation has a website with this revealing comment at the bottom of its first page: “The Seyyed Hossein Nasr Foundation propagates spiritually through perennial philosophy & traditional teachings contained in the Quran. Studies on various facets of Islamic thought, art, civilization.”
 Where you can, among other things, learn about astrology and weight loss: http://beliefnet.com/.
 Pages 360 and 361.
 George Ivanovitch Gurdjieff (1877–1949).
 By Louis Powels and Jacques Bergier, 1964, page 147.
 Copyright © 1924 G. I. Gurdjieff. This webpage © 2000 Gurdjieff Electronic Publishing. Revision: April 1, 2000. Copied on the 7th of Rabî^u l’Awwal 1424 (10th May 2003).
http://www.portlandcircle.com/diary%20archive/gomez_mar02.htm. All these links still worked on the 7th of Rabî^u l’Awwal 1424 (10th May 2003).
http://www.naqshbandi.net/haqqani/TODO/interview.html . The following article appeared in the spiritual magazine phenomeNEWS: “Interview with Shaikh Hicham Kabani.” It was still on the site in Rabî^u l’Awwal 1424 (May 2003).
 From “The Message Volumes of Hazrat Inayat Khan, VOLUME I: The Way of Illumination”. Could still be found in Rabî^u l’Awwal 1424 (May 2003) on this site: http://www.twinoakscenter.com/sufi/HIK_ten sufithoughts.htm .
http://www.naqshbandi.org/chain/40.htm in Rabî^u l’Awwal 1424 (May 2003).
 In Rabî ul’Awwal 1424 (May 2003), this lady seemed as linked as ever to Nazim al Qubrusi. I found one of her books advertised in http://www.familyhaven.com/bookstore/. The name is “Natural Medecines”, by Thyra Zahra Zero Quensel(Illustrator), Sheikh Nazim al Haqqani an Naqshbandiyya (Editor), with this comment: “Shaykh Nazim describes traditional methods of natural healing in this work”.