Category Archives: Ramadan

Ramadan Over…Now What???

By Umm Ammarah

The Month of Ramadaan has come to an end and the transition from Ramadaan to Eid and thereafter should be a path the that brings us closer to our Creator and a path that treads the Sunnah i.e. The way of the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) .

After a month of sacrifice, Allah Ta’ala takes it upon Himself to reward His faithful servants. Allah Ta’ala is the Most Generous and Most Benevolent. Indeed Allah Ta’ala’s Generosity multiplies in Ramadaan. When Allah Ta’ala sees His servants carry out all their duties  faithfully and strive to gain closeness to Him through fasting ,salaat (prayer), patience,recitation of Quraan, zikr, dua and controlling of even permissible desires  and needs like food, drink etc. then Allah Ta’ala bestows on His faithful servants a special prize on the night preceding the day of Eid…


Allah Ta’ala bestows the rewards on those who have spent the month in His obedience and all their Du’as (prayers) on such an occasion are indeed accepted. It has been the practice of The Messenger of Allah Ta’ala (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) that he would not sleep during the night preceding  Eid-ul –Fitr, this night has been named Laylatul Jaaiza (The Prize Giving night). The night when the faithful and obedient servants of Allah Ta’ala are given the true reward. To benefit from this opportunity, one should exert in prayer and ask Allah Ta’ala for all our needs.Our Beloved Rasulullah (Salallahu alaihi wasallam) said: “The person who stays awake on the nights preceding the two Eids occupying himself with ibâdah (worship), his heart will not die on the day when everyone’s heart will perish.” (his heart will not die during the time of evil and corruption). It could also mean that with the blowing of the trumpet his soul will not become unconscious. (Hadith –Ibn Majah)

The then comes the joyous day of…


Celebrated on the first day of Shawwaal, at the completion of Ramadhaan. Shawwaal is the 10th month of the Islamic calendar. Eid-al-Fitr is a very joyous day for the believing men and women. On this day Muslims show their real joy for the many blessings Allah Ta’ala has given to them to fulfil their obligation of fasting and other good deeds during the blessed month of Ramadhaan.

Indeed this joyous day can cannot pass by without remembering the poor and destitute…


Islam has prescribed a simple yet graceful way to observe this happy day. First of all well off Muslims start their day by giving charity Sadaqtul Fitr to the poor of their society, so that the less endowed can also enjoy their day along with others. Ibn Abbas (Radhiyallahu Anhu) said that the Messenger of Allah Ta’ala (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) enjoined Sadaqatul Fitr so that those who fasted  may be purified of idle deeds and shameful talk committed during Ramadaan and so that the poor may be fed. Whoever gives it before salaah( even days before) will have his obligation accepted, and whoever gives it after salaah it will be an ordinary charity.(Hadith -Abu Dawood)

This day of Eid should be spent in the way shown to us by The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him)…


  • Wake up early.
  • Take a Ghusl (bath) before Eid Salaah
  • Brush your teeth (use Miswaak)
  • Dress up, putting on best clothes available.
  • Use itr (perfume)
  • Eat something sweet before proceeding to the Eid Musallah e.g. Dates etc.
  • Pay Sadaqatul Fitr before Salaatul-Eid (on Eid-al-Fitr).
  • Go to Eid Musallah (Eid Gah/prayer ground) early.
  • Offer Salaah-al-Eid in congregation in an Eid Musallah except when weather is not permitting like rain, snow, etc.
  • Use different roads en route to the Eid Musallah and back home.
  • Recite the following Takbir on the way to Eid Musallah :

Allahu-Akbar, Allahu-Akbar. La ila-ha illallahu Allahu-Akbar, Allahu-Akbar. Wa-lillahil hamd. (Allah is the Greatest, Allah is the Greatest. There is no god but Allah. Allah is Greatest, Allah is Greatest. And all praises are for Allah)

THE EID PRAYER-And then comes along the morning of Eid, Allah Ta’ala sends down the angels to all the lands in the earth, where they take their positions at access points of roads calling out with a voice that is heard by all accept man and jinn. Allah Ta’ala then says: I call you to witness, Oh my Angels that for their having fasted during the month of Ramadaan, and for their having s tood before me in prayer by night, I have granted to them as reward My pleasure and have granted them forgiveness.-Allah Ta’ala will then say…, Oh my servants ask now of Me, for I swear by My honour and My Greatness, that whatsoever you shall beg of me this day in this assembly of yours for the needs of the Hereafter, I shall grant you, and what so ever  you shall ask for your worldly needs shall look at you favourably. (Hadith-Targheeb)

‘When the companions of Allah Ta’ala’s Messenger (peace be upon him) met on the day of `Eid, they would say to each other, ‘TaqaballAllahu Ta’ala minna wa minkum (may Allah Ta’ala accept from you and us).” (Fathul  Bari ).


  • Keep in mind the pleasure of Allah Ta’ala and upholding Shari’ah at ALL times.
  • Adorn yourself and your family modestly in the best of garments (not necessarily new).
  • Avoid over eating and other festivities that have no benefit.
  • Visit the poor, needy, orphans, elderly and sick.
  • Should Eid be made at “my mum or your mum or wherever?” This requires Shura/Mashurah (mutual consultation). Shurah is a Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah (Sallalaho alaihe wassallam). Try to compromise and accommodate each other.
  • Maintain and strengthen family bonds- Rasulullah (Salallaho alaihe wassallam) is reported to have said, “Anyone who wishes to have his means of livelihood enlarged and a prolonged life, should treat his relatives with kindness.”(Hadith)
  • Don’t forget the suffering, oppressed, poor and needy Muslims in all parts of the world in your du’as and charity.
  • Be punctual with your acts of worship and on this joyous day.

BE CAUTIOUS!– Avoid excessive indulgence of any kind and stay away from places where the laws of Islam are violated. It is a joyous occasion indeed and let it be spent in ways that are pleasing to our Creator. Use the day profitably to earn the pleasure of Allah Ta’ala and continue to do so everyday.

A Muslim is a Muslim for life and not just during Ramadaan!”

WHAT NOW AFTER RAMADAAN…We leave the month Ramadaan, its beautif ul days and nights, we leave the  Month of Mercy wherein we excelled in recitation of the Quraan , Taqwa and Ibadat, sympathy ,forgiveness…we need to ask ourselves: Ramadan is over and what have we gained?

Ramadaan was a 30 day course on self restraint and piety, have we graduated from the course having learnt to fight our desires and defeat them..? Have we recharged our spiritual batteries and gained Taqwa (Allah consciousness)? If we have …then ALHAMDULILLAH (Praise be to Allah)…now let us continue to obey Allah Ta’ala and ask Allah Ta’ala to keep us steadfast. Ramadaan is over and Shawwal has come,  let us save the changes that we all made in our lives during the month of Ramadaan. Let Ramadaan not be a final destination but a stepping stone to greater good from now on. We need to make a firm resolution to cont inue with the momentum and lead a life of piety and free of sins. We now face another eleven months after this training. Let it be that we come out stronger and better servants of Allah Ta’ala…AAMEEN!

Eid Mubarak!

10 Things to Ponder upon as Ramadaan Ends

It seems like yesterday that we welcomed Ramadhan. Now we are in to the last few moments of this mubarak month.

It’s time to reflect on how we spent the month and to use these last days to rescue it. If it ends well, it was spent well. As the hadith goes, ‘Actions are judged by their endings’.

Here are 10 things to ponder before Ramadhan ends:

1. How have I spent Ramadhan? Am I happy with my worship? Where can I improve for these final days? Did I sin in Ramadhan? If so which ones? The sins I couldn’t avoid in Ramadhan are probably my biggest vices given I couldn’t stop them during such a blessed time. These sins require special attention and intervention.

2. What habits have I picked up in Ramadhan? Can I continue some of them? Fasting is the most obvious one. What about reciting Qur’an, dhikr, dua, five prayers, charity, frequenting the masjid, night time worship, watching my tongue, eating together as a family, sharing food with others, seeking out good content online, etc etc? Guess what? None of these are exclusive to Ramadhan. Let’s pick a few and continue on them afterwards.

3. What have I cut down on? Obviously food… But what else? TV or screen time in general, smoking, swearing, backbiting, arguing etc? How does it feel? Wouldn’t it be great if this could continue?

4. What have I realised is lacking in my learning? Perhaps I don’t know how to pray properly, I don’t read Qur’an well, I don’t know what the Qur’an says, I don’t know many basic duas, I know very little about my Prophet’s life. Whatever your gaps in knowledge, you can fill them by reading good books or taking courses.

5. What about my children’s learning? Are they going to a good Islamic supplementary school? Do they recite Qur’an well, have good knowledge of Islam, seem keen on religion? Or are they somewhat indifferent? Ramadhan is a good time to think about the whole family’s religiosity and think about solutions.

6. How am I towards my parents? Ill conduct towards parents is one of the worst of the major sins. According to a hadith, Allah punishes such people in the dunya. We must be attentive to them and make sure we are good to them. We don’t have to give in to unjust demands but there is no excuse for neglect and bad behaviour towards them.

7. Are there any other relationships I need to mend? It’s not too late. Reach out before Ramadhan ends. Mending relationships is spiritually and emotionally enriching, and breaking family ties is a sin. And don’t forget your neighbours.

8. What about company? Do my friends bring me closer to deen or distance me from deen. Its something to think about. After all, ‘a man is upon the religion of his friend.’ A friend who turns you away from Allah is a friend you do not need.

9. Set a few post Ramadhan resolutions. This is the best month of the year, and the best time to change and stay changed. Make those resolutions now.

10. What have I planned for Eid? If I commit any sin on Eid day, then what does it say about my Ramadhan? What I do immediately after Ramadhan is either a sign that my Ramadhan is accepted or a sign that Ramadhan was rejected. What is sinning on eid day a sign of?

It’s time to think, evaluate and plan ahead. Let’s step into Shawaal a changed person. Inshallah.

Concluding Ramadan with Istighfar (Seeking Forgiveness)

Hafiz Ibn Rajab (rahimahullah) said:
Istighfar (seeking forgiveness) is the conclusion of all good actions, thus salah, hajj, standing in salah at night (qiyam al-layl) are all concluded with it.
Gatherings are also concluded with it. If they are gatherings of knowledge, it serves as a seal for them, and if they are futile gatherings, it serves as a compensation.

Likewise, the fasts of Ramadan should be concluded with Istighfar.

Umar Ibn Abd al-Azeez (rahimahullah) sent a message to different cities, ordering the people to end Ramadan with Istighfar and charity, i.e., sadaqat al-fitr, because sadaqat al-fitr is a purification for the fasting person from vain and obscene talk.

Furthermore, Istighfar repairs the damage caused to the fast through vain and obscene talk.

This is why some of the previous scholars said sadaqat al-fitr for the one fasting is like sajdat al-sahw for salah.”
Lataa’if al-Ma’arif (pg. 383)

May Allah Ta’ala forgive all our shortcomings during the month of Ramadan and accept all our good actions, through His grace and mercy. Aameen.

Why Does Evil Still Occur in Ramadhan if the Devils Are Chained?

Al-Qurtubi (rahmatullahi alayh) states:

“If it is said: How is it that we see an abundance of evil and sins occurring in Ramadhan; if the devils were chained up this would not occur?

The response: They are only chained away from those who fast (correctly) fulfilling the conditions of the fast and being mindful of its etiquette.

Or it is said that those who are chained are some of the devils; i.e. the rebellious ones, and not all of them, as has been previously mentioned within some of the other narrations.

Or, it is said that what is intended is that evil is minimized in (Ramadhan); and this is something well-known. For the occurrence of that (evil/sins) is less within than it is in other months.

Hence, them all being chained up does not necessitate that evil or sins will not occur. For there are other reasons besides the devils which cause this; such as despicable souls and evil ways, as well as human devils.”

[By Ibn Hajr (rahmimahullah) in Fathul-Baari]

The Night of Power and What to do in it

We all know that Allah is merciful and bountiful, and He likes to forgive. Therefore, He provided us many opportunities to forgive, but one of them is most important, it is time of the night of power. The night of power is the time of decree. It is the time of destiny, it is time of revealetion of the Qur’an, Allah sent down the holy book in it. It is the single night worth a thousand month of reward in Islam as Allah said in the Holy Book: “We have indeed sent it down in the night of power. The night of power is better than a thousands months. The angels and spirits descend in it by the permission of your Lord for every affair. Peace! It is till the break of morning.”(Al-Qadr). It is the time to seek forgiveness. it is also called “Laylatul Qadr”. But the exact time of it isn’t known but it falls within the last ten days of Ramadan as the companion ‘Ubay ibn Ka’b (Radhiyallahu Anhu) said: “The Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) came out to inform us about it, but two Muslims were quarreling with each other, so the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said: “I came out to inform you but such and such persons were quarreling, so the news about it had been taken away; yet that might be for your own good, so search for it on 29th, 27th, 25th, 23th and 21th nights of Ramadan (Ibn Majah)

The companion Anas ibn Malik (Radhiyallahu Anhu) reported: “When  Ramadan approached, the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said: “This month has come to you and in it, there is a night that is better than a thousands months, whoever is deprived of it, is deprived of its all goodness. And no one is deprived of its goodness except one who is truly deprived.” (ibn Majah). But there is question that what must to do in it?.  We should know it. Let’s take a look at best things to do during this night.

1. Take a break for Allah
We often get caught up in our daily lives with things like work, family and business. But during this night, we should totally dedicate ourselves to Allah and reap the blessings.

2. Stand for Prayer
It is time of seeking forgiveness, the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said: “whoever stays up and prays on laylatul Qadr out of faith and in the hope of reward, his previous sins will be forgiven (Muslim). Therefore, we should strive to stay up at least on numbered nights of the last 10 days. If we can’t manage that, then let’s pray at least on the 27th night, if one prays on all of the last odd numbered nights, then there is more of a chance that one may have caught this most powerfull night.

Here are some prayers.
• Two rak’ah Salaatut Tawbah
• Salaatut Tasbeeh according to one Hadith.
• Salatul wudhu (tahiyatul wudhu)
Abu Hurairah (radhiyallahu anhu) reported that the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said to Bilal (Radhiyallahu Anhu): “Tell me about the best of your deeds since your embracing Islam, because I heard your footsteps in front of me in paradise. Bilal (Radhiyallahu Anhu) replied: “I don’t consider any act of mine more rewarding than that whenever I make ablution at any time of night and day,  and perform prayer for as much as was destined for me to do.” (Muslim)

We should be very busy in dua’ as much as we can . Allah the Almighty said in the Qur’an: “When the servants ask you concerning Me, Tell them, I am indeed close to them, I listen to every prayer when he calls on Me.” (2/186) and on another place (Hadith Qudsi), Allah said: “the most excellent worship is dua'” (Tirmidhi).

Therefore, ask Allah for every thing that they you need. Not just for yourself and family but for the people around the world who are suffering and getting hardship. But a special dua’ was informed by the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam): ‘Aisha (Radhiyallahu Anha) said: O Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam)! What do you think, I should say in my supplication if I come upon Laylatul Qadr? he (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said: “Say: “Allahumma innaka Afuwwun kareem tuhibbul Afwa fa’fu anni (O Allah! You are the Forgiver and loves to forgive, so forgive me!)

4. Recite and reflect on the Holy Qur’an
The recitation and reflection on the Qur’an during this night can also serve as a great means of worship worthy of blessed night, therefore, we should read the Qur’an, and when we get Chance, try to reflect on the Qur’an.

5. Remain in I’tikaaf
The best way of searching for the the blessed night is to remain in i’tikaaf for which both men and women can do. If it is not possible for the whole of ten days, then we should try to remain i’tikaaf for odd nights. If it is also not possible you can do niyyat of i’tikaaf when you enter the mosque.

We must make a firm intention that during this night, we will not take part in idle talk. There are 355 days in the year for all that, some ladies consider that this is time of shopping and waste these blessed nights. How can
they miss this night?! Who is to say that they will live to see the next Ramadan? Therefore,we should respect these nights.

We should make necessary changes to improve ourselves as Muslims and what better time to make such changes than this night where we can change our lives forever. We must try to change and make firm commitment to Allah and may be that he will wipe off our sins until we become like new born babies INSHA ALLAH.

One of the most worst things we can do during this time is to lose hope in Allah. Remember! Allah wants to forgive you and opened the pathway to His Mercy and unlimited treasures for you. Therefore we must have firm belief that every thing we will get rewards and Allah accept every dua’.

9. Strive to gain Forgiveness
We should strive and do our utmost to gain the mercy of Allah in it. If we leave this night without gaining the mercy, then surely, we are the most unfortunate ones and are the biggest losers in this world.

10. Get your Family involved for Tahajjud and other act and deeds. Don’t forget to wake up your partner, parents and brothers to remind them to take part in these last ten days.

11. Offer Salah ‘Isha and Fajr in Congregation

Hadhrat Uthman bin ‘Affan (Radhiyallahu Anhu)reported: I heard the Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) saying: “One who performs ‘Isha prayer in congregation is as if he has performed salah of half of the night, and one who performs the Fajr prayer in congregation is as if he has performed salah of whole night.” (Muslim)

Imam Malik narrated that he had heard that Sa’id ibn Musayyib (rahimahullah) used to say: “Whoever is present at ‘Isha on laylatul Qadr, he has taken his portion from it. (Muwatta Malik)

Misconception is being spread that who will pray four Rak’at nafl in particular way in last Friday of Ramadan is equal to previous 700 salah that they were not offered. It is wrong and it is not established in the Hadith or Qur’an.

These are some of the things to do in the Night of Power.
In the end, May Allah give us Tawfiq to do so. Aameen!


Abu Hurayrah (radhiallahu `anhu) narrated that the Messenger (sallallahu `alayhi wa sallam) said:

“Whoever stands (in qiyaam) in Laylat ul-Qadr [and it is facilitated for him] out of faith and expectation (of Allah’s reward), will have all of his previous sins forgiven.” [Al-Bukhari and Muslim; the addition “and it is facilitated for him” is recorded by Ahmad from the report of `Ubaadah Bin as-Samit; it means that he is permitted to be among the sincere worshippers during that blessed night.]

 ﻣﻦ ﻗﺎﻡ ﻟﻴﻠﺔ ﺍﻟﻘﺪﺭ ‏[ ﺛﻢ ﻭﻓﻘﺖ ﻟﻪ ‏] , ﺇﻳﻤﺎﻧﺎ ﻭﺍﺣﺘﺴﺎﺑﺎ , ﻏﻔﺮ ﻟﻪ ﻣﺎ ﺗﻘﺪﻡ ﻣﻦ ﺫﻧﺒﻪ ‏
ﺭﻭﺍﻩ ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭﻱ ﻭﻣﺴﻠﻢ ﻭﺍﻹﻣﺎﻡ ﺃﺣﻤﺪ ﻭﺍﻟﺰﻳﺎﺩﺓﻟﻪ


It is also recommended to make extensive supplication on this night.

`A’ishah (radhiallahu `anha) reported that she asked Allah’s Messenger (sallallahu `alayhi wa sallam),

“O Messenger of Allah! If I knew which night is Laylat ul-Qadr, what should I say during it?”

And he instructed her to say:


(O ALLAH! You are forgiving, and you love forgiveness. So forgive me).”* [Recorded by Ahmad, Ibn Majah, and at-Tirmizi]

 ﻗﻠﺖ ﻳﺎ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﺃﺭﺃﻳﺖ ﺇﻥ ﻋﻠﻤﺖ ﺃﻱ ﻟﻴﻠﺔ ﻟﻴﻠﺔ ﺍﻟﻘﺪﺭ ﻣﺎ ﺃﻗﻮﻝ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﻗﺎﻝ ﻗﻮﻟﻲ ﺍﻟﻠﻬﻢ ﺇﻧﻚ ﻋﻔﻮ ﻛﺮﻳﻢ ﺗﺤﺐ ﺍﻟﻌﻔﻮ ﻓﺎﻋﻒ ﻋﻨﻲ ‏
ﺭﻭﺍﻩ ﺃﺣﻤﺪ، ﺍﺑﻦ ﻣﺎﺟﻪ، ﺍﻟﺘﺮﻣﺬﻱ ﻭﺻﺤﺤﻪ ﺍﻷﻟﺒﺎﻧﻲ


It is further recommended to spend more time in worship during the nights on which *Laylat ul-Qadr* is likely to be.

This calls for abandoning many worldly pleasures in order to secure the time and thoughts solely for worshipping Allah. `A’ishah (radhiallahu `anha) reported:

“When the (last) ten started, the Prophet (sallallahu `alayhi wa sallam) would tighten his izaar (i.e. he stayed away from his wives in order to have more time for worship), spend the whole night awake (in prayer), and wake up his family.” [Al-Bukhari and Muslim]

 ﻛﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻨﺒﻲ ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ ﺇﺫﺍ ﺩﺧﻞ ﺍﻟﻌﺸﺮ ﺷﺪ ﻣﺌﺰﺭﻩ ، ﻭﺃﺣﻴﺎ ﻟﻴﻠﻪ ، ﻭﺃﻳﻘﻆ ﺃﻫﻠﻪ ‏
ﺭﻭﺍﻩ ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭﻱ ﻭﻣﺴﻠﻢ

And she said: “Allah’s Messenger (sallallahu `alayhi wa sallam) used to exert more (in worship) on the last ten than on other nights.” [Muslim]

Ramadan – The Month of Dua’

Here are some etiquettes of dua to increase your chances of it being accepted .

Remember that Allaah loves to be asked, and He encourages that in all things. He is angry with the one who does not ask of Him and He encourages His slaves to ask of Him. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

“And your Lord said: “Invoke Me [i.e. believe in My Oneness (Islamic Monotheism) and ask Me for anything] I will respond to your (invocation)”

[Ghaafir 40:60]

Du’aa’ is very important in Islam, so much so that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Du’aa’ is worship.” Narrated by al-Tirmidhi, 3372; Abu Dawood, 1479; Ibn Maajah, 3828; Saheeh al-Tirmidhi, 2590.

The etiquette of du’aa’:

1 – The one who is making du’aa’ should believe in Tawheed with regard to the divinity, Lordship, names and attributes of Allaah. His heart should be filled with Tawheed.

Dua cannot be directed to an idol , a dead or an alive person – no matter how pious he may be .

Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

“And when My slaves ask you (O Muhammad) concerning Me, then (answer them), I am indeed near (to them by My Knowledge). I respond to the invocations of the supplicant when he calls on Me (without any mediator or intercessor). So let them obey Me and believe in Me, so that they may be led aright”

[al-Baqarah 2:186]

2 – Sincerity towards Allaah alone in making du’aa’. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

“And they were commanded not, but that they should worship Allaah, and worship none but Him Alone (abstaining from ascribing partners to Him)”

[al-Bayyinah 98:5]

Du’aa’ is worship, as the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said, so sincerity (ikhlaas) is a condition of its being accepted.

Don’t make dua with a wandering mind or a careless attitude .

3 – We should ask of Allaah by His most beautiful names. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

“And (all) the Most Beautiful Names belong to Allaah, so call on Him by them, and leave the company of those who belie or deny (or utter impious speech against) His Names”

[al-A’raaf 7:180]

4 – We should praise Allaah as He deserves before we call upon Him.

Al-Tirmidhi (3476) narrated that Fadaalah ibn ‘Ubayd (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: Whilst the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) was sitting, a man came in and prayed and said, “O Allaah, forgive me and have mercy on me.” The Messenger of Allaah (S) said, “You have been too hasty, O worshipper. When you have prayed and are sitting, praise Allaah as He deserves to be praised, and send blessings upon me, then call upon Him.”

According to another version (3477): “When one of you prays, let him start with praise of Allaah, then let him send blessings upon the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), then let him ask whatever he likes after that.”

Then another man prayed after that, and he praised Allaah and sent blessings upon the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “O worshipper, ask and you will be answered.” Saheeh al-Tirmidhi, 2765, 2767.

5 – Sending blessings upon the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him).

The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Every du’aa’ is kept back until you send blessings upon the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him).” Narrated by al-Tabaraani in al-Awsat, 1/220;

6 – Facing towards the qiblah.

Muslim (1763) narrated that ‘Umar ibn al-Khattaab (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: On the day of Badr, the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) looked at the mushrikeen, who were one thousand strong, and his companions numbered three hundred and nineteen. Then the Prophet of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) turned to face the qiblah, then he stretched forth his hands and started to cry out to his Lord:

“O Allaah, grant me what You have promised me, O Allaah, give me what You have promised me. O Allaah, if this small band of Muslims perishes, You will not be worshipped on earth.” He kept on crying out to his Lord, stretching forth his hands, facing towards the qiblah, until his cloak fell from his shoulders…

al-Nawawi (may Allaah have mercy on him) said in Sharh Muslim: This shows that it is mustahabb to face towards the qiblah when making du’aa’, and to raise the hands.

7 – Raising the hands.

Abu Dawood (1488) narrated that Salmaan (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Your Lord, may He be blessed and exalted, is Kind and Most Generous, and He is too kind to let His slave, if he raises his hands to Him, bring them back empty.” Abi Dawood, 1320.

The palm of the hand should be raised heavenwards, in the manner of a humble beggar who hopes to be given something.

Abu Dawood (1486) narrated from Maalik ibn Yasaar (may Allaah be pleased with him) that the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “When you ask of Allaah, ask of Him with the palms of your hands, not with the backs of them.” Abi Dawood, 1318.

8 – Having certain faith that Allaah will respond, and focusing with proper presence of mind,

because the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Call upon Allaah when you are certain of a response, and remember that Allaah will not answer a du’aa’ that comes from a negligent and heedless heart.” Narrated by al-Tirmidhi, 3479;

9 – Asking frequently.

A person should ask his Lord for whatever he wants of the good things in this world and the Hereafter, and he should beseech Allaah in du’aa’, and not seek a hasty response, because the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “The slave will receive a response so long as his du’aa’ does not involve sin or severing of family ties, and so long as he is not hasty.” It was said, “What does being hasty mean?” He said: “When he says, ‘I made du’aa’ and I made du’aa’, and I have not seen any response,’ and he gets frustrated and stops making du’aa’.” Narrated by al-Bukahari, 6340; Muslim, 2735.

10. He should be firm in his du’aa’,

because the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “No one of you should say, ‘O Allaah, forgive me if You wish, O Allaah, have mercy on me if You wish’; he should be firm in his asking, for Allaah cannot be compelled.” Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 6339; Muslim, 2679.

11 – Beseeching, humility, hope and fear. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

“Invoke your Lord with humility and in secret”

[al-A’raaf 7:55]

“Verily, they used to hasten on to do good deeds, and they used to call on Us with hope and fear, and used to humble themselves before Us”

[al-Anbiya’ 21:60]

“And remember your Lord within yourself, humbly and with fear and without loudness in words in the mornings and in the afternoons”

[al-A’raaf 7:205]

12 – Saying du’aa’s three times.

Al-Bukhaari (240) and Muslim (1794) narrated that ‘Abd-Allaah ibn Mas’ood (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: “Whilst the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) was praying at the Ka’bah, Abu Jahl and his companions were sitting nearby.

They had slaughtered a camel the previous day, and Abu Jahl said: “Which of you will go and get the abdominal contents of the camel of Banu So and so and put it on the back of Muhammad when he prostrates?” The worst of the people went and got it, and when the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) prostrated, he placed it between his shoulders. They started laughing, leaning against one another.

I was standing there watching, and if I had had any power, I would have lifted it from the back of the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) remained in prostration, not lifting his head, until someone went and told Faatimah.

She came with Juwayriyah, and lifted it from him, then she turned to them and rebuked them. When the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) had finished his prayer, he raised his voice and prayed against them – and when he made du’aa’ or asked of Allaah he would repeat it three times – and he said: “O Allaah, punish Quraysh” three times. When they heard his voice, they stopped laughing and were afraid because of his du’aa’.

Then he said, “O Allaah, punish Abu Jahl ibn Hishaam, ‘Utbah ibn Rabee’ah, Shaybah ibn Rabee’ah, al-Waleed ibn ‘Uqbah, Umayyah ibn Khalaf and ‘Uqbah ibn Abu Mu’ayt,” and he mentioned the seventh but I cannot remember who it was. By the One Who sent Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) with the truth, I saw those whom he had named slain on the day of Badr, then they were dragged and thrown into the well, the well of Badr.

13 – Ensuring that one’s food and clothing are halaal.

Muslim (1015) narrated that Abu Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “O people, Allaah is Good and does not accept anything but that which is good. Allaah enjoins upon the believers the same as He enjoined upon the Messengers. He says (interpretation of the meaning):

‘O (you) Messengers! Eat of the Tayyibaat [all kinds of Halaal (lawful) foods which Allaah has made lawful (meat of slaughtered eatable animals, milk products, fats, vegetables, fruits)] and do righteous deeds. Verily, I am Well‑Acquainted with what you do’

[al-Mu’minoon 23:51]

‘O you who believe (in the Oneness of Allaah — Islamic Monotheism)! Eat of the lawful things that We have provided you with’

[al-Baqarah 2:172]

Then he mentioned a man who travels for a long distance and is disheveled and dusty, and he stretches forth his hands towards heaven saying, ‘O Lord, O Lord,’ but his food is haraam, his drink is haraam, his clothing is haraam, he has been nourished with haraam, so how can he be responded to?

Ibn Rajab (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: Ensuring that one’s food, drink and clothing are halaal, and that one is nourished with halaal, is a means of having one’s du’aa’ answered. End quote.

14 – Saying du’aa’ silently and not out loud. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

“Invoke your Lord with humility and in secret”

[al-A’raaf 7:55]

And Allaah praised His slave Zakariyyah (peace be upon him) by saying (interpretation of the meaning):

“When he called to his Lord (Allaah) a call in secret”

[Maryam 19:3]