Category Archives: Shia/Raafidhi

Brief History of the Shi’ite Safawid Dynasty

[By Hadhrat Muhammad Ishaq Sindhelwi (Rahimahullah)]

It is an established fact that Iran was a Sunni nation until the tenth century of the Hijri calendar. During this period, Iran produced thousands of scholars in every discipline; the most salient of these facts is that the six most authentic Hadith books (i.e. Bukhari, Muslim, Abu Dawood, Nasai, Ibn Majah & Tirmidhi) were written by scholars from Iran, or scholars who received their education in Iran.

However, when the Safawid Shi’ites took control, they established their government on the skulls of the Sunni scholars and jurists. This was one of the reasons for the evacuation of the large cities that were the foremost centres of the Islamic sciences, such as Tabriz, Isfahan, Ray and Tus. Many Sunni Muslims were murdered, forced into Shi’ism and compelled to flee to the mountains, leaving Iran as a centre for conspiracies against Islam and the Muslims.

Ferdinand, the ambassador to the Austrian King, remarked, “Had it not been for the Safawids in Iran, we would have been reading the Qur’an this day like the Algerians,” meaning that his nation would have been introduced to Islam by the Ottomans. However, the Safawids conspired with the crusaders and the imperialists to halt the Islamic expansion into France and Vienna.

The rise of the Safawid dynasty started in 905 A.H in Iran and Khurasan. While under the rule of the Mongols, in the 1200s (596 A.H), the Persians had given up on politics and militarism and had submerged themselves in ibaadah. During this time, Iran was constantly visited by Mongol and Turkish immigrants who adopted the Persian language and Persian customs. In the 1300s (699 A.H), a dynasty founded by a grandson of Genghis Khan, Halaku Khan, ruled in Iran. Meanwhile a heretical Shi’ite order, the Safawids, appeared with their homebase at Ardebil – west of the Caspian Sea.

By 1500 C.E (905 A.H), the Safawids had implemented the Dogmas of the Ithna Ashari Shi’ite sect. Safawid males wore red headgear for identification (representing their beliefs in the twelve Imams), and they were eager to advance Shi’ism by any possible means.

In the year 1500 C.E (905 A.H), the thirteen-year old son of a recently deceased Safawid leader set out to conquer territory. By 1501 C.E (906 A.H), the Safawids seized Tabriz and made it their capital. They also butchered their way into Armenia, Azerbaijan & Khorasan. The Safawids became the strongest force in Iran, and their leader, Isma’il (905 A.H – 930 A.H) now fifteen, was declared “Shah” (King).

Shah Isma’il descends from the lineage of Shaykh Safiuddin 1334 C.E (734 A.H), the student and son-in-law of Shaykh Zaahid Gilani 1300 C.E (699 A.H). Amongst the primary teachings of Shaikh Saifuddin was the notion of fanatical love for the ‘Ahlul Bayt’. They believed that the Ummahatul Mu’mineen, the noble wives of Nabi are not included in the ‘Ahlul Bayt’. On the other hand, the Ahlus Sunnah wal Jama’ah firmly believe that respect and love for all the family members of Nabi  is an integral part of Imaan.

In the Shi’ite terminology love for the ‘Ahlul Bayt’ is termed as ‘Tawalla’ and hatred for the Ummahatul Mu’mineen and the Sahaaba (whom the Shi’ite consider the enemies of the Ahlul Bayt) is termed as ‘Tabarra’.

It was this very spark of ‘pretentious love for the Ahlul Bayt’ that established the foundation of Shi’ism. There were also seven Turkish tribes (Istaajilo, Turklo, Biharlo, Dhul Qadr, Shaamilo, Qaachar and Afshaar) who assisted the Safawids in their ascent to kingship. These tribes were influenced and brainwashed by the Safawid fake Sufis, who indoctrinated their beliefs with Shi’ism.

When the Safawids established their rule, they realised that their own beliefs with regards to the hidden Imam will become an unnecessary impediment. They needed to find a ruse to allow their governors to rule upon the masses as the Imams would have as the Shi’ites believed that only the Imams were innocent and were lawmakers.

Once, Isma’il went out of Tabriz with his ministers and friends. Upon reaching a stream he ordered his companions to wait for him whilst he entered the cave. A few hours later he emerged from the cave and announced that he met with the hidden Imam of the Shi’ites who had granted him permission to become his representative on earth and the time for his (the hidden Imam) appearance is near.

Thereafter, he declared that he saw Sayyidina Ali bin Abi’ Talib (radhiyallahu anhu) in a dream who ordered to gather his followers in the Grand Masjid of Tabriz. They should all be armed  and ready to oppose those who are against Shi’ite ideologies and the establishment of a Shi’ite state. After these declaration he began oppressing the Sunnis, forcing the to accept Shi’ism.

In 1510 C.E (915 A.H), Isma’il Safawi waged war against Shaybani Khan who was a sunni ruler. A bloodbath ensued at Merv where unfortunately Shaybani Khan was defeated. Isma’il Safawi severed his head and filled it with jewels.

Thereafter, Isma’il Safawi began to instigate his followers to crush the Ottoman Empire. Eventually, Sultan Selim I responded to this mischief. A great war ensued near Tabriz where by the grace of Allah Ta’ala, Isma’il Safawi was defeated. It is mentioned no one ever saw Isma’il Safawi smiling after his disgraceful defeat by Sultan Selim I.

Evil Habits and Traits of the Safawids

⚫ The Safawids believed that the Persians were the chosen people of Allah 7000 years prior to Islam. The basis for them believing that they were the most noble of people is because, Sayyidina Hussain ibn Ali (Radhiyallahu Anhu) married the daughter of Yazdgerd (a Persian), from whom Sayyidina Zainul Abideen (rahimahullah) whom the Shi’ites regard as one of their Imams was born. This is why, Isma’il Safawi declared himself as the representative of Allah, the Khalifah of the twelve Imams and the representative of the hidden Imam on earth.

⚫ The grandfather of Isma’il Safawi had married his daughter to Zaahid Kasaani, an individual who had claimed prophethood.

⚫ The Safawid kings consumed alcohol, punished whomsoever they wanted whenever they wanted and were involved in all sorts of wrongdoings.

⚫ Isma’il Safawi enforced the ritual and compulsory cursing of the first three Khulafah, Sayyidina Abu Bakr (radhiyallahu Anhu), Sayyidina ‘Umar (radhiyallahu Anhu) and Sayyidina Uthman (radhiyallahu Anhu) as usurpers, from all the Masajid, disbanded Sunni groupsand seized their assets, used state patronage to develop Shia shrines, institutions and arts and imported Shia scholars to replace Sunni scholars.

⚫ They introduced the statement Ashhadu Anna Aliyyan Waliyallah (I bear witness that Ali is the delegate of Allah) in the Adhan.

⚫ The Safawis shed Sunni blood and destroyed and desecrated the graves and Masajid of the Sunnis. The Ottoman Sultan Bayazid II advised and asked Isma’il Safawi to stop the anti-Sunni actions. However, Isma’il was strongly anti-Sunni, ignored the Sultans warning and continued to spread the Shia faith by the sword.

⚫ In 1512 C.E (917 A.H) all the Sunni scholars of Iran who opposed the imposed dogmas of the Safawids were slained and butchered. Two-thirds of the population of Tabriz was forced into Shi’ism. Over one million Sunnis were slained and butchered. Streams of blood ran along the streets of Tabriz.

⚫ As soon as Isma’il Safawi has established his kingdom he ordered his clerics to educate the masses with one belief only, and that is Ashhadu Anna Aliyyan Waliyallah, whilst every other important beliefs of Islam should be discarded.

⚫ No Sunni scholar was allowed to lecture or deliver a Khutbah on the day of Jumu’ah. The Ulama’ of the Ahlus Sunnah were slaughtered, so much so that the bones of great scholars who had passed away (such as Imam Abu Hanifah (rahimahullah), Qadhi Hamdani (rahimahullah and Allamah Nasruddeen Baydawi (rahimahullah), were dug from their graves and burnt in public.

⚫ Islamic literature, books and manuscripts with authentic Islamic sciences were seized and burnt.

⚫ The Safawid dynasty destroyed all existing Islamic literature and encouraged the propagation of Shi’ism forcefully because prior to the rise of the Safawid dynasty the majority in Iran were Hanafi Sunni Muslims.

⚫ With the establishment of the Safawid rule, there was a raucous and colourful, almost carnival-like holiday on the 26th of Dhul-Hijjah exhibiting their happiness for the martyrdom of Sayyidina Umar (Radhiyallahu Anhu). The highlight of the day was making an effigy to be cursed, insulted and finally burned.

⚫ In 1501 C.E (906 A.H), Isma’il invited all Shi’ite adherents livinh outside Iran to settle in Iran and be assured of protection from the Sunni majority.

⚫ The early Safawid rulers took a number of steps against the Sunni Ulama’ of Iran. These steps included giving the Ulama the choice of conversion, death or exile.

Coalition of the Safawid Dynasty and the Imperialists against the Ottoman Empire

The Ottoman Empire had established a true Islamic Nation. Sultan Muhammad Fatih had conquered Constantinople. His conquest and valour had overawed the hearts of the Europeans. Upon his demise, the grand pope declared that the Roman Catholics should celebrate thanksgiving for three continous days. 

The Safawi Shi’ites were known for conspiring against the Ottoman Empire, with the aim of hindering the progress and expansion of Islam. The Shi’ites had signed an agreement with the disbelievers that they will assist them against the Ahlus Sunnah wal Jama’ah, that is the Ottoman Empire.

A German historian, Brookman writes: “From 1588 C.E to 1619 C.E (996 A.H – 1038 A.H) the Safawid dynasty was expanding exponentially. Shah Abbas Safawi had received all the assistance he needed from the British to expand his tyrannical conquest. The British fervently assisted the Safawids in their efforts to destroy the Ottoman Empire; and the Safawids returned the favour by comimg to their aid against the Austrians.

A coalition between the Safawids and the Crusaders was created during the lifetime of Isma’il Safawi. Isma’il met with Leo, Maximillan and King Charles the fifth and made an agreement to assist them against the Ottoman Empire.

Innovations and Mischief of the Safawids

⚫ Isma’il Safawi declared that he is sinless and that there is no difference between him and Hadhrat Mahdi (alayhis salaam)

⚫ He claimed that Sayyidina Ali (radhiyallahu anhu) was a Nabi and he would prostrate to Sayyidina Ali

⚫ Sultan Tehmasep Safawi was a drunkard whose son was in love with a young lad. He passed away in the house of the same lad.

⚫ It was compulsory to celebrate the martyrdom of Sayyidina Hussain bin Ali (radhiyallahu anhu)

⚫ Christian rituals were introducted it their religious gatherings

⚫ They introduced the sentence ‘Hayya Alaa Khayril Amal’ in the Adhan

⚫ Performing Sajdah on tablets of sand (dedicated to the land of martyrdom of Sayyidina Hussain radhiyallahu anhu)

⚫ Performing Sajdah to their leaders and clerics

⚫ Changing the Qiblah of the Masjid in Iran

⚫ Burying their dead in coffins and caskets

⚫ The Safawid Shi’ite clerics toom possession of the Awqaf system. They believe that they have the right to make that which is haraam, as halal whenever it suited them. For example, when the Moghul king Khudabanda issued three divorces to his wife, Ibn Mutahhir Halli (a Safawid Shi’ite cleric) stated that such a divorce is baseless.

⚫ The Safawid clerics went to the extent of stating that only Sayyidatuna Fatima (radhiyallahu anha) was the daughter of Nabi (sallallahu alayhi wasallam). The other daughters of Nabi (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) from Sayyidatuna Khadijah (radhiyallahu anha) were from her previous marriage.

⚫ They also negated Sayyidatuna Aisha and Hafsa (radhiyallahu anhuma) as being the noble wuves of the Nabi (sallallahu alayhi wasallam.

⚫ The Safawids would celebrate the 10th of Muharram as a day of mourning for Sayyidina Hussain (radhiyallahu anhu). Abbas Safawi would wear black clothing only and he would apply mud on his face to express his grief.

⚫ The Shi’ites would lash and cut themselves with daggers on the day of Ashurah. Such actions have no basis in Islam. Even their British and Western allies have commentated that they have not seen such animosity and ignorance anyone else.

Mulla Baqir Majlisi

Muhammad Baqir Ibn Muhammad Taqi Ibn Mansur al-Majlisi, also known as Mulla Baqir Majlisi is considered as the most renown and reliable scholar of the Shi’ite faith. He was the grand cleric of the Safawid Dynasty.

He is the same person who invented and promoted the beliefs regarding Mut’ah, Raj’at and reincarnation. He has fabricated numerous accusations against the first three Khulafah, the Sahabah and the Umaahatul Mu’mineen and he promoted these fabrications as authentic Ahadith. An example of his heresy as he writes in his book ‘Jila al-Uyun’:

Ali (alayhis salaam) narrates that Nabi (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) said: “There is a coffin in Jahannum in which twelve individuals are imprisoned. Six of them are from the previous nations and six are from my nation. This coffin is at the bottom of a well filled with lave and fire. It has been closed with a huge boulder. When Allah will intend to set Jahannum ablaze, he will order the Angels to remove this huge boulder and the lava and fire of this well will consume Jahannum.

The narrator then asked Sayyidina Ali (alayhis salaam) ‘who are these twelve individuals?’ And he answered, “the six accursed individuals from the previous nations are:

1. Qabil
2. Namrud
3. Fir’awn
4. The person who killed the Camel of Nabi Salih (alayhis salaam)
5. The two individuals who misguided the Bani Isra’eel after the demise of Nabi Musa (alayhis salaam)

And the six individuals from this Ummah are:

1. Dajjal
2. Abu Bakr
3. Umar
4. Abu Ubaidah al-Jarrah
5. Saalim Mawla Hudhaifah
6. Sa’d al-‘Aas

May Allah Ta’ala protect us from such utterances.

In another narration, he states that Iblis said, “When Allah cursed me and I was driven out of Jannah, I asked Allah if there is anyone more accursed than me. The angel in-charge of Jahannum was ordered to take me to the farthest section of Jahannum where I was shown those who are more accursed than me. The fire and punishment of that place was of such an extent that I thought I would die. I saw two individuals who were shackled and were being punished. I asked the angel, “Who are they?” He replied, “Didn’t you read what was written on the Arsh 2000 years ago before the creation of Adam. Iblis said, “It is written “There is no god but Allah and Muhammad is His messenger and I (Allah) assisted Muhammad through Ali”. These two, who ae shackled in flames are the enemies of Ali, they are Abu Bakr & Umar.”

These are the some of the beliefs and teachings that were promoted by the Safawid Shi’ite clerics. Even the Shi’ite scholars have attested that the Safawids have drifted against humanity, reason and Islam.

Today, the same ideologies have been implemented by the stooges of Khomeini who regard every Sunni to be a disbeliever. These sons of the Safawids have picked up exactly where their forefathers left off. Chastising the Ummahatul Mu’mineen and noble Sahabah (radhiyallahu anhum) is a part of their religion.

Did you Know?

⚫ Although there are around 2 million Sunnis living in Tehran, there is not a single Masjid where they can perform their Jumu’ah but Tehran is home to 40 Christian Churches and a cemetry for the Baha’is.

⚫ The publication of Sunni books are illegal in Iran.

⚫ A third of the population of Iran are being deprieved of their most basic rights.

⚫ Sunnis living in Iran are not allowed to name their children as they like. There is a book of permitted names at civil registers, and no one can pick up a name that is not in this book. For instance, Iranian authorities do not allow people to name their children Abu Bakr, Umar, Uthman or Aisha. Civil registers will not put these names on ID cards.

⚫ On the day of the martyrdom of Sayyidina Umar (radhiyallahu anhu), the Shi’ites hold a ceremony called Jashn-e-Umar Koshan (the celebration of the killing of Umar). An effigy is erected. Dirt and other filthy things are thrown on it. This ceremony is still held in the south of Tehran and other parts of the country.

⚫ Schools in predominantly Muslim regions teach Shi’ite beliefs.

Today, Muslims in Iran number approximately 15 million. The above facts clearly prove that in the past centuries and currently there is ongoing oppressive Shi’ite sectarian discrimination in Iran against the Muslims.

May Allah Ta’ala guide us all and protect the Ummah from the scrouge of Shi’ism and other mischiefs. May Allah Ta’ala elevate the status of the Sahabah in this world and the hereafter.

Reasons why Shias are KAAFIR

[By Jamiatul Ulama Northern Cape]


Kufr means disbelief. Kufr means to reject. A person who does not accept that Nabi Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam is the Messenger of Allah has even rejected the Nabuwwat of Nabi Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam. Such a person is a Kaafir. There are many types of Kaafir. One type of Kaafir is called a Zindeeq or Mulhid.

Zandaqah means heresy. A zindeeq is a person who believes in his heart that he is a Muslim, and he expresses this also. However, his interpretations of  the Qur’aan and Hadith are kufr, hence he is a kaafir. Alternatively, he outwardly expresses Kufr beliefs, but by means of Baatil Ta’weelaat (false/wrong interpretation), he declares such Kufr beliefs to be Islamic Aqaaid.

A Zindeeq is also called a ‘Mulhid’ or a ‘Baatini’. Those who distort the meanings of the Qur’aan are perpetrating Ilhaad. Allamah Anwar Shah Kashmiri Rahimahullah has written a very detailed book in Arabic on Takfeer titled as ‘Ikfaarul Mulhideen’ (Declaring the Mulhids as Kaafir).

Hazrat Mufti Rasheed Ahmed Ludhiyaanwi has mentioned 19 solid grounds for declaring Shias as Kaafir. Takfeer means to declare someone as Kaafir. Takfeer is something serious and excessive caution is necessary. The fact that thousands of Ulama had declared Shias as Kaafir since more than 1000 years is more than adequate to explain that Shias are undoubtedly Kaafir.

We present to you below the Question and Answer by Mufti Rasheed Ahmed Ludhiyaanwi Saheb who is known as Faqeehul Asr – Mufti Aa’zam (Grand Mufti – Pakistan. May Allah fill Hazrat’s Qabr with Nur. Aameen)

Question: The filth of the Shias is obvious. However, for which reasons is the Fatwa of Kufr issued upon them? Please explain a little in detail.

Answer:  The rationale for the Takfeer of the Shias are innumerable. Those reasons which are well-known, most famous amongst the special ones (i.e. the Ulama) and the general public (i.e. the non-Ulama), and which are recorded in almost all Kitaabs, will be written (mentioned) below. 

1) Aqeedah Tehreef-e-Qur’aan. The belief that the Qur’aan is distorted, altered, changed and incomplete. (This alone is enough to declare them Kaafir – JamiatNC)

2) Badaa. The Shia belief that Allah Ta’ala makes errors. (Nauthubillah -JamiatNC)

3) Attributing a Nifaaq like  Taqiyah to the Ambiyaa Alayhimus Salaam.

4) Ascribing Kufr and Nifaaq to  Hazrat Abu Bakr Radhiyallahu Anhu.

5) Rejecting the Sahaabi-status  of Hazrat Abu Bakr Radhiyallahu Anhu.

6) Rejecting the Khilaafat of  Hazrat Abu Bakr Radhiyallahu Anhu which is announced daily on the loudspeakers by the Shia ‘Muezzins’ in their fabricated ‘Azaan’.

7)  Ascribing Kufr and Nifaaq to 
Hazrat Umar Radhiyallahu Anhu.

8) Rejecting the Sahaabi-status of Hazrat Umar Radhiyallahu Anhu.

9) Rejecting the Khilaafat of Hazrat Umar Radhiyallahu Anhu  which is announced daily on the loudspeakers in their fabricated ‘Azaan’.

10) Ascribing Kufr and Nifaaq to Hazrat Uthmaan Radhiyallahu Anhu.

11) Rejecting the Sahaabi-status of Hazrat Uthmaan Radhiyallahu Anhu.

12) Rejecting the Khilaafat of  Hazrat Uthmaan Radhiyallahu Anhu which is announced daily on the loudspeakers (by the Shia ‘Muezzins’) in their fabricated ‘Azaan’.

13) With regards to the other  Sahaabah Radhiyallahu Anhum, besides three, they (the Shias) regard the rest of the Sahaabah to be Kaafirs and Munaafiqs.

14) The purity and chasteness of Hazrat Ayesha Radhiyallahu Anha is explicitly proven from the Qur’aan. These Mal’oon (accursed) and Mardood (vile) Shias reject it and they accuse Hazrat Ayesha Radhiyallahu Anha of Zina (Allah forbid). They reject what Allah Ta’ala stated and claim that the Qur’aan is erroneous!

15)  They regard their ‘Imaams’ to be sinless and ‘Aalimul Ghaib’  (knowers of the Unseen).(Only Allah Ta’ala is Aalimul Ghaib – JamiatNC)

16) They regard their ‘Imaams’ to be more virtuous and more superior than the Honourable Ambiyaa-e-Kiraam Alayhimus Salaam.

17) They reject ‘Khatme-Nabuwwat’ (the finality of Prophethood) because they hold the belief of continuity/transference of ‘Nabuwwat’  amongst their ‘Imaams’.

18) They regard adultery/prostitution, cuckoldry and excessive shamelessness like Mut’ah (a type of Zina) to be  Halaal. In fact, they regard such wanton immorality to be a very meritorious act of great rewards, and a means of salvation from Jahannam as well as a means of attaining high stages in Jannah.

19) They regard promiscuity/fornication, extreme obscenity and illicit sexual relations such as Tahleel (a type of Zina) to be Halaal.

In light of the above, these scoundrels (i.e. the Shias) are more despicable than the other Kuffaar – Jews, Christians, Hindus, Sikhs, Bangis, Chammars, etc.

They (the Shias) are Akfarul Kuffaar (the worse of the Kuffaar)! 

The slaughtered animals of Shias are Murdaar (carrion) and Haraam. In addition, the Nikah of any Muslim is impossible (i.e. Haraam) with a Shia man or woman!

[Ahsanul Fataawa – Haqeeqat-e-Shia – Anwaarur Rasheed]

May Allah save us from the filth called Shiism. Aameen


There has not been a holy revolution which was distorted as much as the Shi’ites distorted the revolution of Hadhrat Hussain (Radhiyallahu Anhu) in the pretext of loving him, Furthermore these ceremonies are the cause of bloody conflicts between the Shi’ites and the Sunnis of Pakistan, where hundreds of innocent people from both sides have been killed. I feel it is very important that people should know what is the reality of MATAM.

The Tradition is still common in the gathering held for Hadhrat Hussain in the Shi’ites world, It is imperative to end these gatherings by weeping for Hadhrat Hussain because “He who cries or tries to cry for Al-Hussain, Heaven becomes obligatory for him” This is a statement which is found in the books of narrations and is attributed to the Imaams. But God forbid that such a statement should have come from an Imaam. The Boyheys, who ruled Iran and Iraq in the name of protecting the khilafah of Banu-Al-Abbas, played a vital role in strengthening the tradition of celebrating the day of ‘Ashura’.

However, celebrating the day of ‘Ashura’ became a general tradition and a part of the Shi’ites existence during the time of Shah Ismail Al-Safawi. He forced Iran in to Shi’aism and created in it a denominational unity to squench the desires of the neighboring Ottoman Khilafah. In the Safawi palace, every year the first ten days of Muharram used to be declared as days of mourning and the Shah used to receive the mourners on the day of ‘Ashura’.

On that day a special celebration used to be held in the royal palace. Many people used to gather for those celebrations, and the Shah himself use to attend them also, Shah Abbas Al-Safawi, whose rule lasted for fifty years and who was the shrewdest most powerful and most cruel of the Safawi Shahs, used to wear black on the day of ‘Ashura’ and put mud on his face as a sign of mourning for Al-Hussain. He used to lead the marchers in the streets, But We do not know for sure when the tradition of striking the shoulders with chains on the day of Ashura came into existence

This tradition spread into Shi’ites areas such as Iran and Iraq, and other region as well. However, there is no doubt that striking the heads with swords and causing blood to gush out as an act of mourning for Hadhrat Hussain on the day of ‘Ashura’ came to Iran and Iraq from India during the British occupation of those countries. The British exploited the ignorance, simplicity and the great love the Shi’ites had for Al-Hussain. They even taught them to hit their heads with sharp objects. 

Until very recently, the British embassies in both Tehran and Baghdad used to finance the demonstrations for Ashura. This demonstration portrayed an ugly image in the streets and neighborhoods. The purpose behind the British colonial policies in their support for this ugly tradition, which has been grossly exploited by them, was to provide an acceptable justification to the British people to counteract the opposition by some independent newspapers and by some countries against the British occupation of India. The people of these countries were made to appear as savages who needed a civilizing force like the British to teach them human values and liberate them from ignorance and savagery. British and European newspapers used to publish pictures of the demonstrators marching in the streets on the day of ‘Ashura’ with thousands of people hitting their shoulders with chains until they bled, and striking their heads with swords and other sharp objects until blood gushed out. The policy makers of the colonial powers used to use these pictures to justify the colonization of these countries under the  pretext of wanting to educate the people of these countries and bring them toward civilization and progress, as dictated by their feelings of moral obligation towards their fellow human beings. It is said that once Yasin Al-Hashmi, the Prime Minister of Iraq during the British occupation of that country, visited London to negotiate with the British to end their occupation of his country.

The British said to him :“We are in Iraq to help the Iraqi people achieve happiness and give up savagery.” This statement caused the Prime Minister to become angry and he left the room where they were holding the negotiations. The British politely apologized to him and respectfully asked  him to see a documentary film about Iraq. When he watched the film, it turned out to be a film of the demonstration held on the day of ‘Ashura’ in the streets of Al-Najaf, Karbala and Al-Kazimiyah. The film was full of horrible and sickening scenes which included striking the bodies with chains. The British, by showing that film to the Prime Minister were asking him whether a 
cultured nation even with degree of civilization would do this to itself. 

This article is taken from a scholar of Iran Imam Dr. Musa Musawi. Here I want to mention something amusing, yet full of wisdom and bright ideas. I heard it from one of the Shi’ite scholars and religious leader about thirty years ago, This elderly and respected man was standing beside me, The day was the tenth of Muharram and the time was noon and the place was the Rawdah of Imam Al-Hussain in Karbala. Then a demonstration of those who strike their heads with Swords and Causes blood to gush out of their heads as a sign of grief and mourning for the death of Al-Hussain entered in great numbers to the grave site of Al- Hussain. Their blood flowing down their foreheads and the sides of their bodies in a sickening way caused one’s body to shiver. Then another large group of people who were hitting their backs with chains until they bled, That is when the old man, an independent scholar asked me “what is the matter with these people who have inflicted this disaster and pain on themselves?” I said : “you have asked this question as if you are not listening to what they are saying, which is, ‘O Hussain,’ expressing their grief for him. Then he asked again: Isn’t Al-Hussain now ‘firmly established in the favor of a Mighty King.’ I said yes. Then he asked me again: Is not Al-Hussain now at this moment in a ‘garden whereof the breadth is as the breadth of the heavens and the earth, which is the  reward for those who ward off evil’? I said yes. Then he asked: Aren’t there in paradise ‘fair ones with wide, lovely eyes, like unto hidden pearls’? I said yes. Then he took a deep breath and said in a forceful way with pain and sadness: Woe to them, stupid, ignorant, for what they do to themselves, for an imam who is now in the ‘gardens of delights, there wait on them immortal youths with bowls and a cup from a pure spring.’

In the year 1352 A.H., when the leading scholar of the Shi’ites of Syria, Hassan Al-Amin Al-Ameli, declared such acts to be forbidden, which was an unmatched demonstration of courage on his part in stating his opinion and by asking the Shiites to stop these practices, he was faced with strong opposition from within the ranks of the Shi’ia scholars, religious leaders and those who followed them, the kind of people described by Hadhrat Ali (Radhiyallah anhu) as “rag-tag and bobtailed.”  This step of the reform almost failed had it not been adopted by our grandfather Abu-Al-Hassan, who was the supreme leader of the Shi’ite denomination. Abu-Al-Hassan had the same view as Al-Amin, and he declared his full support for him and his ruling concerning that issue. The  stand taken by our grandfather gave great strength to the reform movement of Al-Amin. Even though many of the Fuqaha and Mujtahedeen opposed Abu-Al-Hassan was able to defeat all who opposed him due to his great status and perseverance. The public started to listen to the ruling of the great leader concerning religious matters, and their accustomed practice during the day of ‘Ashura’ started to diminish little by little and began to disappear from the Shi’ites’ lives. However, these practices did not completely vanish and weak traces of them remained until the death of our grandfather in the year 1365 A.H. (may Allah’s Mercy be upon him). After his death, the new Shi’ia authorities started to urge people to practice these traditions  again. These traditions made a comeback in the Shi’ite world; however, they did not reappear to the same level as in the era prior to 1352 A.H. After the Islamic republic was declared in Iran and the concept of Walaayet Al-Faqeeh became the basic of power, orders were given to revive those traditions as part of the policies of the Shi’ite denomination.

Furthermore, the young Islamic republic began helping the Shi’ite groups in all parts of earth, both financially and spiritually.  It urged them to revive this bid’ah which was brought into the Shi’ite  world about 200 years  ago by the policies of the colonizing British, in order to give Islam and Muslims the worst image and to justify their occupation of the Muslim countries, as we mentioned earlier. As I am writing these lines, the cities of Iran, Pakistan, India and Lebanon unfortunately witness on the tenth of  Muharram every year a processing of people marching in their streets in the image we drew. Before the end of that day, many picture of that human savagery and terrifying foolishness are shown on the T.V. screens in both the east and the west to give strength to the enemies of Islam and to those who wish ill towards Islam and Muslims. Therefore, We must enrich ourselves in memory of Hadhrat Hussain (radhiyallahu anhu) rather than destroying ourselves. we must give to Hadhrar Hussain his respected place in the arena of struggle instead of tarnishing and defaming status. We must do this if we truly among the supporters of Hadhrat Hussain and those who Love him.

Further Reading:

1. Karbala – A ‘Bloody’ Conspiracy and The Secrets Behind it

2. Karbala – A ‘Bloody’ Conspiracy and the Secrets Behind it [Part 2]

Black Clothes and the Shia’

Traditionally, the Shia wear black clothes in the month of Muharram. In fact, during this month, it is considered  Mustahab (highly recommended) to do so. We find most Shia do wear black in certain parts of the year, including the Shia priests (scholarship) and Maraje’ (high scholars). In fact, the Shia Ayatollahs tend to wear black year-round, and very rarely do we see them not wearing black cloaks.

Herein we find a contradiction in the Shia faith. According to the authentic Shia Hadith, wearing black clothes is actually Haraam (forbidden)! We see the following Hadith referenced on the reliable Shia website,

Amir-ul-mu’minin said:

وقال أمير المؤمنين عليه السلام فيما علم أصحابه: ” لا تلبسوا السواد فإنه لباس فرعون “.

“Do not wear black clothes, that is the dress of Pharaoh” 

Imam As Sadiq was asked about pray in the black clothes, he said:

وسئل الصادق عليه السلام ” عن الصلاة في القلنسوة السوداء؟ فقال: لا تصل فيها فإنها لباس أهل النار 

“Don’t pray in it, that is dress of people of fire” 

There is obviously nothing wrong with wearing black clothes, and the Ahlus Sunnah has nothing in their books which forbids it. However, the Shia Hadith declare that Amir Al-Mumineen Ali (رضّى الله عنه) and Imam As-Sadiq  (رحىمالله) declared it Haraam. And yet, we find the Shia scholars wearing black, as well as the Shia masses who do so out of a sense of religious obligation.

In fact, the Shia Maraje’ have declared that wearing black is Mustahab. On his official website, Grand Ayatollah Lankarani was asked if wearing black was Mustahabb, to which he replied: “Since it [wearing black] is considered respecting the signs (of Allah), it has legal preference. Moreover, prominent scholars such as late Ayatollah al-Uzma Broujardi used to wear black…” (Source: Ayatollah Lankarani’s official website,

This is truly an inconsistency in religion. The Faith of Allah should not have inconsistencies in it, and yet we find that Shi’ism is full of such discrepencies. Hence, we can only conclude that Shi’ism is not true Islam.

محرم کی بدعات اور رسوم

من جانب: محمد راشد حنفی

محرم کوفضلیت کس لئے حاصل ہوئی؟

کسی وقت، کسی دن یا مہینہ کو عظمت وفضلیت حاصل ہونے کی اصل وجہ اﷲ تعالی کی خاص تجلیات، انوار و برکات اور رحمتوں میں متوجہ اورظاہر ہوناہے، (لیکن بعض اہم واقعات کا اس وقت میں واقع ہوجانا بھی دوسرے درجہ میں فضلیت کا باعث ہو جاتا ہے جیسا کہ رمضان میں قرآن مجید کا نازل ہونا اور شب قدر وغیرہ کا واقع ہونا وغیرہ) اور فضلیت حاصل کرنے کا طریقہ(اصولی یا جزوی طریقہ پر) وحی کے ذریعہ سے ہی معلوم ہوسکتا ہے، اپنی طرف سے کسی دن یا تاریخ میں خاص فضلیت کی بنیاد اپنی طرف سے کسی اور چیز کو قرار دے دینا یا فضلیت حاصل کرنے کاکوئی خاص طریقہ اپنی طرف سے متعین کر لینا يہ تمام چیزیں ناجائز، گناہ اور شریعت پر زیادتی ہیں۔ لہٰذا جو لوگ يہ سمجھتے ہیں کہ محرم کے مہینے یا دس محرم کے دن کی فضلیت حضرت حسینؓ کی شہادت کی وجہ سے حاصل ہو ئی وہ لوگ غلطی میں مبتلا ہیں۔ کیونکہ اس مہینہ کی فضلیت تو کربلا کے واقعہ سے بہت پہلے آسمان وزمین کی پیدائش سے ہی چلی آرہی ہیں اور ظاہر ہے کہ اس وقت کربلا کے واقعہ کا نام ونشان بھی نہیں تھا۔ اسی طرح دس محرم کے دن کی فضلیت بھی بہت پہلے سے چلی آرہی ہے۔ يہاں تک کہ يہودونصاریٰ اور قریش مکہ بھی اس دن کی عظمت و فضلیت کے قائل تھے۔ حضور ﷺنے دس محرم کے روزے کے فضائل بیان فرمائے اور ظاہر ہے کہ اسو قت تک کربلا کا واقعہ پیش نہیں آیا تھا،البتہ يہ کہا جائے گا کہ خود حضرت حسینؓ کی شہادت اس مہینے اور اس دن میں اسلئے واقع ہوئی کہ يہ مہینہ اور دن فضلیت کا تھا ، اﷲ تعالیٰ نے اس مقدس مہینے کے اس مبارک دن کواپنے مقبول بندے حضرت حسینؓ کی شہادت کے واسطے منتخب فرما دیا غرضیکہ اس دن کو حضرت حسینؓ کی شہادت کی وجہ سے کوئی فضلیت حاصل نہیں ہوئی بلکہ خود حضرت حسینؓ کو دن شہید ہونے سے فضلیت حاصل ہوئی۔

کیا محرم غم کا مہینہ ہے؟

بعض نا واقف لوگ ایسے بھی ہیں محرم کے مہینے کو رنج وغم کا مہینہ سمجھتے ہیں اور کہتے ہیں کہ اس مہینہ میں کربلا کا سانحہ پیش آیا تھا جس میں حضرت حسین ؓاور دوسری عظیم ہستیوں کو بے دردی کے ساتھ شہید کر دیا گیا تھا لہٰذا يہ مہینہ غم کا ہے اور اسی وجہ سے يہ لوگ اس مہینے میں خوشی کے کام (شادی بیاہ وغیرہ) انجام دينے سے پرہیز کرتے ہیں اور بعض لوگ خوشی کے کاموں سے پرہیز کرتے ہوئے مختلف قسم کے سوگ کرتے ہیں (مثلاً کالا لباس پہننا، عورتوں کا زیب وزینت اور بناﺅ سنگھار چھوڑ دینا، میاں بیوی کے خصوصی تعلقات سے رکے رہنا، مرثيے پڑھنا، نوحہ ، ماتم کرنا وغیرہ وغیرہ) اس سلسلہ میں سب سے پہلے تو يہ سمجھ لینا چاہیے کہ يہ خیال بالکل غلط ہے کہ يہ مہینہ غمی کا ہے کیونکہ يہ مہینہ تو بہت محترم اور فضلیت بلکہ عبادت والا مہینہ ہے اور دس محرم کے دن، تاریخ اسلام کے بہت بڑے عظیم اور خوشگوار واقعات رونما ہوئے ہیں اور دوسری بات يہ ہے کہ غمی کا واقعہ پیش آنے سے وہ مہینہ یا دن غم کےلئے مخصوص نہیں ہو جاتا کہ اس میں ہمیشہ غم کیاجاتا رہے اور صدییاں گزرنے کے باوجود اس کو غم کا مہینہ بنائے رکھنا تو بہت بڑی حماقت ہے ۔۔

کیا محرم نحوست کا مہینہ ہے ؟؟؟

بعض لوگ اس مہینہ کو نحوست کا مہینہ سمجھتے ہیں۔زمانہ جاہلیت میں لوگ بعض دنوں بعض تاریخوں اوربعض جانوروں یا انسانوں میں نحوست سمجھتے تھے خاص کر عورت، گھوڑے اور مکان میں نحوست کا زیادہ اعتقاد رکھتے تھے اور آج کل بعض مہینوں (مثلاً محرم ،صفر وغیرہ) اور بعض دنوں، تاریخوں اور جگہوں میں نحوست سمجھی جاتی ہے خاص طور پر جس تاریخ یا جس جگہ میں کوئی حادثہ ، ہلاکت یا کوئی نقصان اورغمی کا واقعہ پیش آجائے اس کو منحوس سمجھاجاتا ہے ،اور واقعہ کربلا کے محرم کے مہینہ میں پیش آجانے کی وجہ سے اسی بنیاد پر محرم کے مہینہ کو بہت سے لوگ منحوس خیال کرتے ہیں يہاں تک کہ جو بچہ محرم کے مہینہ میں پیدا ہوجائے اس کو بھی منحوس خیال کیا جاتا ہے ۔ جبکہ اسلام کے اصولوں اور رسول اﷲ ﷺ کی احادیث سے ثابت ہے کہ کوئی زمانہ یا دن تاریخ اپنی ذات میں منحوس نہیں ہے،غمی کا واقعہ پیش آنے سے زمانہ منحوس نہیں بن جاتا ، اور زمانہ تو اﷲ تعالیٰ کی مخلوق ہے اس کی طرف نحوست یا برائی منسوب کرنا گناہ ہے احادیث میں اس کی ممانعت آئی ہے۔ ايک حدیث قدسی میں ہے :۔

نبی کریم ﷺ سے مروی ہے کہ اﷲ تعالی فرماتے ہیں کہ بنی آدم مجھے ایذاء دیتا ہے  (یعنی میری شان کے خلاف بات کہتا ہے اور وہ اس طرح) کہ وہ زمانہ و برا بھلا کہتا ہے حالانکہ زمانہ میں ہوں (یعنی زمانہ ميرے تابع اور ماتحت ہے) میرے قبضہ قدرت میں تمام حالات اور زمانے ہیں میں ہی رات ودن کو پلٹتا(کم زیادہ کرتا) ہوں ۔

(بخاری، مسلم، ابو داود، موطا امام مالک، مشکوة ص13)


زمانہ بذات خودکوئی چیز نہیں وہ تو اﷲ تعالیٰ کے حکم سے وجود میں آیا ہے اوراسی کے حکم سے چلتا ہے، نحوست اگر ہے تو انسان کی بد اعمالیوں یا اپنے خیالات کی بنیاد پر ہے ۔ اول محرم کا مہینہ خود فضلیت والا مہینہ ہےاوراس میں کوئی نحوست نہیں ہے دوسرے حضر حسین ؓ کی شہادت کی وجہ سے اس مہینہ کو غمی یا نحوست کا مہینہ سمجھنے سے يہ لازم آتا ہے کہ نعوذ باﷲ شہادت کوئی بری یا منحوس چیز ہے جبکہ شرعی اعتبار سے شہادت ايک عظیم سعادت والا عمل ہے جو ہرکس وناکس کو بآسانی میسر نہیں آتا، اور شہادت ایسی عظیم سعادت اور دولت ہے جس کی تمنا خود اپنے لئے محمد مصطفےٰﷺ نے بھی کی ہے اور امت کو بھی اس کی ترغیب دی ہے اور شہید کے لئے بڑے اجروانعام ، اعزاز و اکرام اور بےشمار نعمتوں کی خوشخبری سنائی ہے ۔

شہادت کے فضائل

آیت: ولا تقولوا لمن یقتل فی سبیل اﷲ اموات، بل احیاءولکن لا تشعرون (البقرہ)

ترجمہ: اور جو لوگ اس کی راہ میں قتل کئے جاتے ہیں ان کی نسبت یوں بھی مت کہو کہ وہ (معمولی مردوں کی طرح) مردے ہیں بلکہ وہ تو (ايک ممتار حیات کے ساتھ) زندہ ہے لیکن تم (ان) حواس سے (اس حیات کا) ادارک نہیں کر سکتے۔

آیت: ولا تحسبن الذین قتلوا فی سبیل اﷲ امواتا، بل احیاءعند ربھم یرزقون۔ فرحین بما اتا ہم اﷲ من فضلہ۔(آل عمران)

ترجمہ: اور جو اﷲ کے راستے میں شہید ہو جائیں ان کو مردے مت خیال کرو بلکہ وہ زندہ ہیں اپنے رب کے مقرب ہیں ان کو رزق ملتا ہے وہ اﷲ کے فضل میں سے دئيے ہوئے پر خوش ہوتے ہیں۔

ان آیات میں اﷲ تعالی نے شہیدوں کی کئی فضلتیں ذکر فرمائی ہيں۔ ايک يہ کہ شہیدوں کو شہادت کے بعد برزخ میں ہمیشہ کی امتیازی زندگی عطا ہوتی ہے تم ان کو عام مردوں کی طرح مردہ نہ خیا ل کرو دوسری فضلیت يہ ذکر ہوئی کہ شہید اپنے رب کے مقرب ہیں ان کو خصوصی قرب حاصل ہوتا ہے۔تیسری فضلیت يہ ذکر ہوئی کہ شہیدوں کو رزق عطا ہوتا ہے اس پر خوش ہوتے ہیں يہ روحانی رزق يہ یعنی جسمانی و روحانی دونوں قسم کا رزق ملتے ہیں۔ یاد رہے شہید کو شہادت کے بعد جو زندگی عطا ہوتی ہے يہ صرف روح کی زندگی نہیں ہے بلکہ روح کا تعلق جسم کے ساتھ بھی خاص درجہ کا دوسروں سے امتیازی ہوتا ہے ورنہ تو ان کو مردہ کہنے کی ممانعت کو کائی مطلب نہیں کیونکہ روح تو تمام مردوں ہی کی زندہ ہے۔

آیت: ولئن قتلتم فی سبیل اﷲ اومتم لمغفرة من اﷲ ورحمة خیر مما یجمعون (آلعمران)

ترجمہ: اور اگر تم اﷲ کے رساتے میں شہید ہو گئے یا طبعی موت کا شکار ہوئے بہر صورت اﷲ تعالی کی طرف سے حاصل ہونے والی مغفرت اور رحمت (جو اﷲ کے راستے میں حاصل ہوتی ہے) وہ ان چیزوں سے بہتر ہے جو لوگ جمع کرتے ہیں۔

اس آیت میں شہیدوں کو مغفرت اور رحمت حاصل ہونے کی خوشخبری ہے اور اس کا ثبوت ہے کہ دنیا کی مال ودولت اور دوسری چیزوں سے بہتر نعمتیں ان کو حاصل ہوتی ہیں۔

آیت: والذین ھاجروا سبیل اﷲ ثم قتلوا اوماتو الیرزقنہم اﷲ رزقا حسنا، وان اﷲ لھو خیر الرازقین۔ لیدخلنھم مدخلا یرضونہ (الحج)

ترجمہ: اور جنہوں نے اﷲ کے راستے میں ہجرت کی پھر شہید ہوگئے یا طبعی موت کا شکار ہوئے اﷲ تعالیٰ نے ان کو بہترین رزق عطا فرمائے گا اور بیشک اﷲ بہترین رزق دينے والے ہیں۔ اور ان کو ایسی جگہ داخل کرےگا جس کو وہ خود پسند کریں گے۔

اس آیت میں شہید سے دو چیزوں کا وعدہ ہوا ہے ايک بہترین رزق کا دوسرا اپنی پسند کی جگہ یعنی جنت میں داخلہ کا يہ دونوں بہت بڑے اعزاز ہیں۔

آیت: ومن یطع اﷲ والرسول فاولئک مع الذین انعم اﷲ علیھم من النبین والصدیقین والشھداءوالصالحین(نسائ)

ترجمہ: اور جو اﷲاور رسول کی اطاعت کرے گا تو ایسے آدمی ان لوگوں کے ساتھ ہوں کے جن پر اﷲ نے انعام فرمایا یعنی انبیاء، صدیقین، شہدااور صالحین۔

اس آیت میں اﷲ تعالی نے شہيدوں کی يہ فضلیت بیان فرمائی ہے کہ وہ اﷲ تعالی کے انعام یافتہ لوگوں میں سے ہیں، اور يہ کہ انبیا ءصدیقین کے بعد سب سے بڑھ کر شہیدوں کا مقام و مرتبہ ہے۔

حدیث: لوددت انی اعزوفی سبیل اﷲ فاقتل ثم اغزو فاقتل ثم اغرو فاقتل (بخاری فی الجہاد، مسلم فی الا مارة، نسائی فی الجھاد، ابن ماجہ فی الجہاد، مسند احمد ، دارمی فی الجہادو موطا امام مالک فی الجہاد)

ترجمہ: حضور ﷺ نے فرمایامیںپسند کرتا ہوں کہ میں اﷲ کے راستے میں جہاد کروں اور شہید کیا جاؤں پھر زندہ کیا جاؤں پھر شہید کیا جاؤں، پھر زندہ کی جاؤں پھر شہید کیا جاؤں۔

حدیث: ما احد یدخل یحب ان یرجع الی الدنیا، ولہ ما علی الارض من شیئی الا الشہیدیتمنی ان یرجع الی الدنیا فیقتل عشر مرات لما یری من الکرامة (البخاری فی الجہاد، مسلم فی الامارة، ترمذی فی الجہاد، نسائی فی الجہاد ومسند احمد)

ترجمہ: کوئی شخص جنت میں داخل ہونے کے بعد يہ تمنا نہیں کرے گا کہ اس دنیا میں لوٹایا جائے یا دنیا کی کوئی چیز دی جائے سوائے شہید کے کہ وہ تمنا کرےگا کہ وہ دنیا میں لوٹایا جائے اور دس مرتبہ شہید کیا جائے، يہ تمنا وہ (شہید) اپنی تعظیم(اور مقام) ديکھنے کی وجہ سے کرے گا۔

حدیث: من سال اﷲ الشہادة بصدق بلغہ اﷲ منازل الشہدآ ءو ان ما ت علی فراشہ۔(مسلم فی الا مارة ترمذی فی الجہاد، نسائی فی الجہاد، ابو ادؤد فی الصلوة، ابن ماجہ فی الجہاد، دارمی فی الجہاد)

ترجمہ: جس نے سچے دل کے ساتھ اﷲتعالی سے شہادة مانگی اﷲ تعالی اسے شہیدوں کے مقام تک پہنچا دے گا اگرچہ وہ بستر پر مرے ۔

اس کے علاوہ شہید کے بارے میں فضائل بھی احادیث میں آئے ہیں مثلاً:

(1) شہید کے قرض کے علاوہ تمام گناہ بخشش ديئے جاتے ہیں (مسلم)

(2) شہید پر فرشتوں کے پروں کے سايہ ہوتا ہے (بخاری ومسلم)

(3) شہادت پر جنت میں داخلہ کی ضمانت (ایضاً)

(4) شہید سب سے پہلے جنت میں داخل ہونے والوں میں سے ہے (ترمذی)

(5)شہیدوں کی روحیں سبز پرندوں میں داخل کر دی جاتی ہیں وہ جنت کی نہروں پر اترتے ہیں جنت کے میوے کھات ہیں، عرش کے سائے کے نيچے سونے کی قندیلوں پر بيٹھتے ہیں(صحیح مسلم، ابوداؤد و مستدرک)

(6)قبر کے فتنے اور قیامت کے دن کی بے ہوشی سے نجات دی جاتی ہے(نسائی )

(7)اپنے گھر والوں میں سے ستر(70) کی شفاعت کا حق عطا کیا جاتا ہے (ابو داود، بیہقی)

(8) شہید کے پہلے قطرے کے ساتھ بخشش کر دی جاتی ہے ،جنت میں اس کا مقام دکھا دیا جاتا ہے قیامت کے دن کی گھبراہٹ سے امن ديدے جاتا ہے، اس کے سر پروقار کا تاج رکھا جاتا ہے جس کا ايک یاقوت دنیا اور اس کی تمام چیزوں سے بہتر ہے،72حورعین سے اس کی شادی کر دی جاتی ہیں (مسند احمد، ترمذی، مصنف عبدالرزاق، ابن ماجہ)

(9) خون خشک ہونے سے پہلے حور عین کی زیارت کرادی جاتی ہے (ابن ماجہ، ابن ابی شبیہ، مصنف عبدالرزاق)

يہاں شہادت کے چند فضائل ذکر کيے گئے ہیں ورنہ شہید کہ بارے میں بے شمار فضائل آئے ہیں اور جب محرم الحرام عبادت اور عظمت والا مہینہ ہے تو اس مہینہ میں شہادت کی عظمت اس مہینے کی وجہ سےاور بھی زیادہ ہوجاتی ہے، لہٰذا حضرت حسینؓ کی شہادت کی وجہ سے اس مہینہ کو نحوست یا غم کا مہینہ سمجھنا سراسر غلط ہے۔ اگر کوئی شبہ کرے کہ يہ فضائل تو شہید کے لئے ہیں لیکن ہمارے اعتبار سے اس طرح کی شہادت رنج وغم کا باعث ہے لہٰذا ہمیں اس پر سوگ اور ماتم کرنا چاہيے اس کا جواب آگے آرہا ہے۔

محرم میں سوگ اور ماتم

شرعی اعتبار سے سو گ کرنا صرف چند صورتوں میں عورتوں کے حق میں ثابت ہے اور وہ يہ ہیں:

(1) جس عورت کو اس کے شوہر نے طلاق بائن (ایسی طلاق جس میں نکاح ختم ہوجاتا ہے) دیدی ہو اس پرعدت کے زمانہ میں سوگ کرنا واجب ہے ۔عدت ختم ہونے کے بعد واجب نہیں بلکہ جائز بھی نہیں۔

(2) جس عورت کا خاوند فوت ہوگیا ہو اس پر عدت کے زمانہ میں سوگ کرنا واجب ہے عدت کے بعد واجب نہیں بلکہ جائز بھی ۔

(3) شوہر کے علاوہ کسی قریبی رشتہ دار (باپ بيٹے وغیرہ) کے فوت ہونے پر صرف تین دن تک عورت کو سوگ کرنے کی اجازت ہے واجب اور ضروری نہیں تین دن کے بعد يہ اجازت بھی نہیں۔

اس کے علاوہ اورکسی موقعہ پر عورت کو سوگ کرنے کی اجازت نہیں اورمرد کو تو سوگ کرنا کسی حال میں بھی جائز نہیں اور شرعی سوگ کاطریقہ يہ ہے کہ عورت اتنے عرصہ میں ایسے کپڑے نہ پہننے اور ایسا رنگ ڈھنگ اختیار نہ کرے جس سے مردوں کو کشش اور میلان ہوتا ہو۔ خوشبو ، سرمہ، مہندی اور دوسری زیب و زینت اور بناؤ سنگھار کی چیزیں چھوڑدے۔ اس کے علاوہ اپنی طرف سے سوگ کے طریقے اختیار کرنا جائز نہیں مثلاً غم کے اظہار کےلئے مخصوص رنگوں کے (مثلا کالے) کپڑے پہننا وغیرہ۔

حدیث: حضرت ام سلمہؓ حضور اکرم ﷺ نے نقل کرتی ہے کہ آپ نے فرمایا کہ جس عورت کا شوہر وفات پاگیا وہ عدت گزرنے تک عصفر سے رنگا ہوا اور خوشبو والی مٹی سے رنگا ہوا کپڑا اور خضاب بھی نہ لگائے اور سرمہ نہ لگائے۔ (مشکوة ص289بحوالہ ابوداود، نسائی )

حدیث: حضرت ابو سلمہؓ کی صاحبزادی حضرت زینت ؓ نے بیان فرمایا کہ جب ام المومنین حضرت ام حبیبہؓ کو (ان کے والد) حضرت ابو سفیانؓ کی موت کی خبر پہنچی تو انہوں نے تیسرے دن خوشبو منگائی جو زردرنگ کی تھی اور اپنے بازروں اور رخساروں پر ملی اور فرمایاکہ مجھے اس کی ضرورت نہ تھی (لیکن اس ڈر سے کہ کہیں میں تین دن سے زیادہ سوگ کرنے والی عورتوں میں شمار نہ ہو جاﺅ میں خوشبو لگائی) میں نبی کریمﷺ کو فرماتے ہو ئے سنا ہے کہ ” ایسی عورت کے لئے جو اﷲ تعالیٰ پر اور آخرت کے دن پر ایمان رکھتی ہو يہ حلال نہیں ہے (کسی کے فوت ہونے پر) تین دن رات سے زیادہ سوگ کرے سوائے شوہر کے کہ اس (کی موت ہو جانے) پر چار مہینہ دس دن سوگ کرے  (صحيح مسلم)


حضر ت حسن وحسینؓ کے نانا جان اور حضرت فاطمہؓ کے والد ماجد حضورﷺ نے تو فرمایا کہ جو عورت اﷲ اور آخرت پر ایمان رکھتی ہو اس کےلئے حلال نہیں کہ شوہر کے علاوہ کسی بھی شخص کی وفات پر (خواہ کتنا بڑا بزرگ ہی کیوں نہ ہو) تین دن سے زیادہ سوگ کرے، پھر تعجب کی بات ہے کہ حضرت فاطمہؓ اور حضرت حسن و حسینؓ سے محبت کے دعوی ہوتے ہوئے 1400 سال سے زیادہ عرصہ گزرنے کے بعد بھی سوگ ہو رہا ہے کہ حضرت حسن و حسین اپنے نانا جان ﷺ کے ارشادات اور احکام کے خلا ف چلنے والوں سے کيسے خوش ہوں گے؟

ذرا سوچئے اور غور کیجئے یہ کیسا سوگ ہے

کہ جس میں اﷲ اور اس کے رسول ﷺ کی مخالفت ہو اور اس میں اتنی وعید ہو کہ اﷲ اور آخرت پر ایمان رکھنے کے عقیدہ کو (جو کہ ایمان کی بنیاد ہے) اس کے ساتھ وابستہ کر دیا گیا ہو؟

اس تفصیل کی روسنی میں وہ حضرات اپنا جائزہ لیں جو محرم میں حضرت حسین ؓ کی شہادت کے غم میں مختلف من گھڑت رسمیں اور سوگ کرتے ہیں اور يہ سمجھتے اور کہتے ہیں کہ ہم تو حضرت حسینؓ کی یاد میں يہ سوگ کرتے ہیں جبکہ شریعت مطہرہ نےکسی ايسے دن یا مہینہ کے منانے کے اجازت نہیں دی جو اس طرح کے رنج وغم کے اظہار یا رونے دھونے کے مظاہرہ کے لئے مخصوص ہو، بلکہ اسلام میں کسی بڑے سے بڑے آدمی کی موت و حیات یا شخص حالات کو مقصود و بنیاد بنا کر غمی وخوشی کو کوئی دن منانے کا تصور نہیں ہے۔ حضرت حسینؓ کی شہادت کا واقعہ اگرچہ انتہائی المناک ہے مگر لوگوں کے ذہنوں میں يہ غلط بات بیٹھی ہوئی ہے کہ دنیا میں حضرت حسین ؓ کی شہادت اور کوئی سانحہ پیش نہیں آیا حالانکہ دنیا میں اس سے بدرجہا زیادہ مظلومیت کے بے شمار انوہناک واقعات ہیں۔ اور اسلام میں اگر يہ غم کے دن منانے کی رسم چلے تو ايک لاکھ بیس ہزار سے زیادہ انبیاءکرام ؑ ہیں جن کی پیدائش سے لیکر شہادت اور وفات تک دنیا میں پیش آنے والے مصائب وتکالیف کی ايک لمبی فہرست ہے، قرآن مجید اور احادیث مبارکہ میں سینکڑوں واقعات انبیا ؑ کے مصايب و تکالیف سے متعلق موجود ہیں۔

نوحؑ کا قصہ ہو یا ابراہیم ؑ کا،یعقوبؑ کا ہو یا موسیؑ کا ، یونس ؑ کا ہو یا لوط ؑ کا، ہر ايک واقعہ تکلیفوں کے بے شمار انبار نظر آئیں گے۔انبیاء کے بعد خاتم الانبیائﷺ کی حیا ت طیبہ کو ديکھا جائے تو آپ کی زندگی کاکوئی دن نہیں ہر گھنٹہ اور ہر ساعت ولمحہ دنیا کی خاطر تکلیفوں، امت کے دوروغم اور آخرت کی فکر میں مصروف نظر آئے گا۔ آنحضرت ﷺ کے بعد تقریباً ڈیڑھ لاکھ صحابہ کرام ؓ وہ ہیں جن میں سے ہر ايک در حقیقت رسول اﷲ ﷺ کا زندہ معجزہ ہے ۔ اور يہ سلسلہ چل پڑے تو پھر صحابہ کرام ؓ کے بعد امت کے اکابر ،اولیاءاﷲ، علما و مشائخؒ پر نظر ڈالی جائے جو کروڑوں کی تعداد سے بھی زیادہ ہےں۔ ان حضرات کو دین کی خاطر پیش آنے والے مصائب ، تکالیف اور مشقتوں کا ايک طویل باب ہے جن کو سن کر کلیجہ منہ کو آتا ہے۔اوراگر يہ طے کر لیا جائے کہ سبھی کے یاد گاری دن منائے جائیں تو سال بھر میں ايک دن بھی یاد گار منانے سے خالی نہیں رہے گا بلکہ ہر دن کے ہر گھنٹہ میں کئی کئی یادگاریں منانی پڑیں گی ؟ ان کی یا دگار اصل يہی ہے کہ ان سے عبرت اور سبق حاصل کرکے اپنی آخرت کی تیاری کی جائے ۔

Refutation of a Raafidhi’s Defense of Abu Lulu’ah – The Killer of Hadhrat ‘Umar Ibn Khattab (Radhiyallahu Anhu)

The following is a response to the article by a Shi’i: Was Aboo Lu’lu’ah A Zoroastrian?, which was published on the 10th of December, 2012.

Firstly the Shi’i alleges that Abu Luluah killed `Umar bin al-Khattab (radhiyallahu anhu) justly, he writes:

Whilst serving for ‘Mughirah,’ Aboo Lu’lu’ah complained to Umar that he had become physically shattered through his labour and was hopeful that the matter may be resolved by either an increase in salary, or a reduction in his work hours. Thus, the case was not resolved which attracted the ire of Aboo-Lu’lu’ah who then decided to kill Umar Ibn Al-Khattab.

We all know that this excuse is not valid to kill any Muslim. Secondly, Abu Luluah was a slave, and he was not an employee of Mughira (radhiyallahu anhu). If he indeed had grievances, it should have been against Mughira (radhiyallahu anhu) and not `Umar. Why did he kill `Umar instead of Mughira (radhiyallahu anhu)? The reason is obvious. He wanted to destroy Islam and the Muslims. He had no respect of the mosque in which he carried out this heinous act of killing the rightful caliph of the Muslims, along with killing and injuring other Muslims in the mosque while they were praying. How can there be any sympathy for such a person!? Only the Raafidha have the guts to show love and affection to this person.

What the readers must know, is that the hatred of the Shia towards `Umar (radhiyallahu anhu) always leads them to be blinded, and to go out of their way to accuse him of anything.

The Raafidhi then goes on to defend the Safavid rule with the following lame words:

As Aboo Lu’lu’ah was Persian, Nawasib propagandists have argued that the Shi’ee are the descendants of Aboo Lu’lu’ah as this was the faith ascribed to be the Safavids that propagated Shi’ism through their dominion. Their success in spreading the teachings of the Ahlulbayt (a.s) resulted in many Zoroastrians reverting to the path of the Ahlulbayt (a.s).

This is one of the most ridiculous defences of the Safavids by any of their lovers. The historical fact is that the Safavids massacred the ahlus sunnah and tortured them and exiled them to spread Shi’ism in Iran, not as the Raafidhi blogs would have its readers believe. The Safavid era is filled with the brutal use of force against the Ahlus Sunnah and the state sponsorship of the Shia religion in order to separate Iran from the Muslim world. The Safavid era was the kind of government you would expect if an extremist Shia scholar like Muhammad Baqir al-Majlisi becomes the ruler. Hamid Algar, Ph.D. (University of Cambridge, 1965), Professor of Persian and Islamic Studies. Near Eastern Studies and Persian Literature. He says in ‘Encyclopedia Iranica’:

“It was, however, nothing less than a reign of terror that inaugurated the new dispensation. On capturing Tabriz in 907/1501, a city two-thirds Sunnite in population, Shah Esmā’il threatened with death all who might resist the adoption of Shi’ite prayer ritual in the main congregational mosque, and he had Qezelbāš soldiers patrol the congregation to ensure that none raise his voice against the cursing of the first three caliphs, viewed as enemies of the Prophet’s family. In Tabriz and elsewhere, gangs of professional execrators known as the tabarrā’iān would accost the townsfolk at random, forcing them to curse the objectionable personages on pain of death. Selective killings of prominent Sunnites occurred in a large number of places, notably Qazvin and Isfahan, and in Shiraz and Yazd, outright massacres took place. Sunnite mosques were desecrated, and the tombs of eminent Sunnite scholars destroyed (Aubin, 1970, pp. 237-38; idem, 1988, pp. 94-101).”

So we can easily conclude that the Safavid didn’t succeed in spreading the real teachings of Ahlul-Bayt as found in the books of Ahlul-Sunnah. Instead, they spread the fake teachings of Ahlul-Bayt from the books of the Shia, teachings such as: All non-Shia are sons of adultery, the non-Shia are as filthy as Jews and Christians, and teachings that talk about the desecration of the graves of the companions of the Prophet (peace be upon him) and his wives after the appearance of their 12th Imam who shall revive them and torture them.

We seek refuge in Allah from these teachings!

The Raafidhi’s next goal is to prove that Abu Luluah is a Muslim, he quotes the following narrations:

Aboo Abid Qatn Ibn Nasir Al-Ghabry narrated from Jaffar Ibn Suleiman narrated from Thabit Al-Benanai narrating Abi Rafi’ who said, “Aboo Lu’lu’ah was a slave for Mughira ibn Shu’ba and he used to make millstones and Mughira used to exploit him [his working power] everyday for four dirhams. Then Aboo Lu’lu’ah met Umar ibn Al-Khattab and addressed him; ‘O commander of the faithful, Mughira made heavier the burden of my livelihood so ask him to ease me.’ Therefore Umar told him; ‘Fear God and do good to your master,’ with Umar having in his will to meet Mughira and talk to him so that he eases (Aboo Lu’lu’ah case). The slave therefore got angry and said, ‘Your righteousness contained all other people [but not me]!’ Therefore he made up his mind to kill him and he made a dagger with two heads and poisoned it and came to Al-Hormuzan (Persian King) and said, ‘How do you see this?’ Then he said, ‘You do not hit anyone by it but you kill him.’ Aboo Lu’lu’ah awaited for Umar and he came at the fajr prayer (morning prayers) until he stood behind Umar. And whenever the prayer was established, Umar used to speak and say; ‘Establish your rows’ and he said what he used [always] to say and when he said takbeer, Aboo Lu’lu’ah hit him in his shoulder and hit him in his side, then Umar fell down and he hit by his dagger thirteen men. Among them seven died and six survived and Umar was carried and taken to his house and people shouted until the sun was about to rise. Then Abdul-Rahman ibn Awf said, ‘O people! The prayer! The prayer!’ He said [Abi Rafi’]; And they [people] rushed to the prayer, then Abdul-Rahman ibn Awf took the lead and prayed, leading them, with the shortest two Surahs of the Qur’aan. And when he accomplished his prayer they headed to Umar, and he called for a drink to know the intensity of his wound, so wine was brought, and he drank it and it came out of his wound and he did not know whether it was wine or blood. Then he called for yoghurt, and he drank it and it came out of his wound, then they said; ‘O commander of the faithful, there is no harm [to you]!’ He said; ‘If being killed had a harm aspect, then I am killed.” Then people started to say compliments for him. They said; ‘O commander of the faithful, may Allah reward you. The good, you were…’ [many things]. Then they left, and other people came in and said compliments for him, then Umar said; ‘I swear to God, instead of what you are saying, I would have preferred that I departed this world as a poor man, with nothing on my burden and nothing for my [property] and the companionship of the Messenger of Allah (saw) has been saved for me.’

As the reader can see, Abu Luluah is a really evil man, he got about 12$ daily and didn’t like his working hours, so he went and plotted with his companion, the Persian king al-Hormuzan, and he assassinated the leader of the Muslims during prayer with a poisoned two headed dagger, then he stabbed random Muslims in the mosque with the dagger killing seven of them. Even though the calamity was great, yet the Muslims continued their prayer quickly so as to not miss the obligatory duty.

Then Raafidhi quotes another similar narration:

Ahmad Ibn Alee b. Al-Muthanna narrated, Qutun Ibn Nasir Al-Ghabry narrated from Jaffar son of Suleiman Al-Deb’y narrated to us Thabit Al-Nanany narrating from Abi Rafi’ who said; Aboo Lu’lu’ah was a slave for Mughira ibn Shu’ba and he used to make millstones and Al-Mughira used to manipulate his labour by giving him four dirhams every day. Then Aboo Lu’lu’ah met Umar ibn Al-Khattab (to complain about his exhaustion) and addressed him; ‘O commander of the faithful, Al-Mughira made heavier the burden of my livelihood so ask him to ease me.” Therefore Umar told him; ‘Fear God and do good to your master.’ Therefore the slave got angry and said; ‘Your righteousness contained all other people [but not me!]’ Therefore he made up his mind to kill him. He made a dagger with two heads and poisoned it and came to Al-Hormuzan (Persian King) and said; ‘How do you see this?’ Then he said; ‘You do not hit anyone by it but you kill him!’ He said [Abi Rafi’]; and Aboo Lu’lu’ah awaited for Umar, therefore he came to him at the fajr (morning prayers) until he stood behind him. And Umar, whenever the prayers commended, used to say; ‘Establish your rows’ and he said what he used to always say and when he said takbeer, Aboo Lu’lu’ah hit him in his shoulder and hit him in his side, then Umar fell down and he hit by his dagger thirteen men. Among them seven were killed and Umar was carried and took to his house and people shouted until the sun was about to rise, then Abdul-Rahman Ibn Awf said, ‘O people! The prayer! The prayer!’ He said [Abi Rafi’]; Then they [people] rushed to the prayer, then Abdul-Rahman ibn Awf took the lead and prayed leading them with the shortest two Surah’s of the Qur’aan. And when he accomplished his prayer, they headed to Umar and he called for a drink to know the intensity of his wound. So wine was brought and he drank it, and it came out of his wound, and he did not know if it was wine or blood. Then he called for yoghurt, and he drank it and it came out of his wound then they said; ‘O commander of the faithful, there is no harm [to you]!’ He said; ‘If being killed is a harm then I am killed.”

And another similar one:

From Aboo Rafi, who said; Aboo Lu’lu’ah was a slave of Mughira ibn Shu’ba. He used to manipulate his labour by giving him four dirhams every day. One day Aboo Lu’lu’ah met Umar and he said to him, “O commander of the faithful! Surely, Mughira has made me tired of his cheating labour on me. Kindly speak to him so that he might make it easy for me.’ Umar said to him, “Fear Allah and continue to do good to your master (Al-Mughira’).” Umar had an intention of speaking to Mughira on this matter so that he might ease some labour to his slave (Aboo Lu’lu’ah). But the slave became angry and said, ‘All people are benefited from his justice except me!’ And then he intended to kill him, and so he made a knife which had two splitting ends and sharpened it and poisoned it. And he (Aboo Lu’lu’ah) went to Hormuzan (king of Persia) saying, ‘How did you see this knife?’ He said, ‘I see that you will never stab with it any one except you will kill him!’ He then said, Aboo Lu’lu’ah  prepared for his action and he came at the Fajr (morning prayer) until he stood behind Umar. When prayer commended, Umar used to say, ‘Establish your lines,’ and when he did his takbeer, Aboo Lu’lu’ah stabbed him on his chest and hit his side. Umar fell down. Aboo Lu’lu’ah hit his Dagger thirteen times. In the process seven men died and six got injured. Then he ran to his house, and people stayed till the sun had almost risen. Abdul-Rahman ibn Awf took the lead and prayed leading them with the shortest two Surahs of the Qur’aan. And when he accomplished his prayer, they headed to Umar and he called for a drink to know the intensity of his wound, so wine was brought and he drank it and it came out of his wound and he did not know if it was wine or blood. Then he called for yoghurt, and he drank it, and it came out of his wound. Then they said, ‘O commander of the faithful, there is no harm [to you]!’ He said, ‘If being killed is a harm then I am killed.”

And another:

Aboo Rafi’ said that Aboo Lu’lu’ah was a servant of Mughira Ibn Shu’ba and he used to make millstones. He said (narrator), Mughira used to exploit him every day for four dirhams. He said then Aboo Lu’lu’ah met Umar, so he said, ‘O commander of the faithful, Mughira has burdened me, so speak to him so that he can ease me!’ Umar said: ‘Fear Allah and enjoin goodness to your Master.’ He said: From the intention of Umar is to meet Mughira and speak to him about taking it easy [about Aboo Lu’lu’ah]. So he said: Aboo Lu’lu’ah became angry and said: ‘His justice is vast enough to fill in everyone except me!’ So he became angry and pre-planned to murder him [Umar]. He [narrator] said: So he constructed a dagger with two heads. He said: He unsheathed it and Umar prepared himself and Umar used to not make Takbeer if the prayers were established until he says, “establish your rows.” He said: So he [Aboo Lu’lu’ah] stood on the first row with his shoes while Umar was in front of him.

And another:

Narrated Amr bin Maimun: I saw Umar bin Al-Khattab a few days before he was stabbed in Madinah. He was standing with Hudhaifa bin Al-Yaman and Uthman bin Hunaif to whom he said, “What have you done? Do you think that you have imposed more taxation on the land (of As-Swad i.e. Iraq) than it can bear?” They replied, “We have imposed on it what it can bear because of its great yield.” Umar again said, “Check whether you have imposed on the land what it can not bear.” They said, “No, (we haven’t).” Umar added, “If Allah should keep me alive I will let the widows of Iraq need no men to support them after me.” But only four days had elapsed when he was stabbed (to death ). The day he was stabbed, I was standing and there was nobody between me and him (i.e. Umar) except Abdullah bin Abbas. Whenever Umar passed between the two rows, he would say, “Stand in straight lines.” When he saw no defect (in the rows), he would go forward and start the prayer with Takbir. He would recite Surat Yusuf or An-Nahl or the like in the first rak`a so that the people may have the time to join the prayer. As soon as he said Takbir, I heard him saying, “The dog has killed or eaten me,” at the time he (i.e. the murderer) stabbed him. A non-Arab infidel proceeded on carrying a double-edged knife and stabbing all the persons he passed by on the right and left (till) he stabbed thirteen persons out of whom seven died. When one of the Muslims saw that, he threw a cloak on him. Realizing that he had been captured, the non-Arab infidel killed himself. Umar held the hand of Abdur-Rahman bin Auf and let him lead the prayer. Those who were standing by the side of Umar saw what I saw, but the people who were in the other parts of the Mosque did not see anything, but they lost the voice of Umar and they were saying, “Subhan Allah! Subhan Allah! (i.e. Glorified be Allah).” Abdur-Rahman bin Auf led the people a short prayer. When they finished the prayer, Umar said, “O Ibn Abbas! Find out who attacked me.” Ibn Abbas kept on looking here and there for a short time and came to say. “The slave of Al-Mughira.” On that Umar said, “The craftsman?” Ibn Abbas said, “Yes.” Umar said, “May Allah curse him. I did not treat him unjustly. All the Praises are for Allah Who has not caused me to die at the hand of a man who claims himself to be a Muslim. No doubt, you and your father (Abbas) used to love to have more non-Arab infidels in Madinah.” Al-Abbas had the greatest number of slaves. Ibn Abbas said to `Umar. “If you wish, we will do.” He meant, “If you wish we will kill them.” Umar said, “You are mistaken (for you can’t kill them) after they have spoken your language, prayed towards your Qibla, and performed Hajj like yours.” Then Umar was carried to his house, and we went along with him, and the people were as if they had never suffered a calamity before. Some said, “Do not worry (he will be alright soon).” Some said, “We are afraid (that he will die).” Then an infusion of dates was brought to him and he drank it but it came out (of the wound) of his belly. Then milk was brought to him and he drank it, and it also came out of his belly. The people realized that he would die. We went to him, and the people came, praising him. A young man came saying, “O chief of the believers! Receive the glad tidings from Allah to you due to your company with Allah’s Messenger (saw) and your superiority in Islam which you know. Then you became the ruler (i.e. Caliph) and you ruled with justice and finally you have been martyred.” Umar said, “I wish that all these privileges will counterbalance (my shortcomings) so that I will neither lose nor gain anything.” When the young man turned back to leave, his clothes seemed to be touching the ground. Umar said, “Call the young man back to me.” (When he came back) Umar said, “O son of my brother! Lift your clothes, for this will keep your clothes clean and save you from the Punishment of your Lord.” Umar further said, “O Abdullah bin Umar! See how much I am in debt to others.” When the debt was checked, it amounted to approximately eighty-six thousand. Umar said, “If the property of Umar’s family covers the debt, then pay the debt thereof; otherwise request it from Bani Adi bin Ka`b, and if that too is not sufficient, ask for it from Quraish tribe, and do not ask for it from any one else, and pay this debt on my behalf.” Umar then said (to Abdullah), “Go to A’isha (the mother of the believers) and say: “Umar is paying his salutation to you. But don’t say: ‘The chief of the believers,’ because today I am not the chief of the believers. And say: “Umar bin Al-Khattab asks the permission to be buried with his two companions (i.e. the Prophet (saw) and Aboo Bakr).” Abdullah greeted A’isha and asked for the permission for entering, and then entered to her and found her sitting and weeping. He said to her, “Umar bin Al-Khattab is paying his salutations to you, and asks the permission to be buried with his two companions.” She said, “I had the idea of having this place for myself, but today I prefer Umar to myself.” When he returned it was said (to `Umar), “Abdullah bin Umar has come.” Umar said, “Make me sit up.” Somebody supported him against his body and Umar asked (Abdullah), “What news do you have?” He said, “O chief of the believers! It is as you wish. She has given the permission.” Umar said, “Praise be to Allah, there was nothing more important to me than this. So when I die, take me, and greet A’isha and say: “Umar bin Al-Khattab asks the permission (to be buried with the Prophet (saw), and if she gives the permission, bury me there, and if she refuses, then take me to the graveyard of the Muslims.” Then Hafsa came with many other women walking with her. When we saw her, we went away. She went in (to Umar) and wept there for sometime. When the men asked for permission to enter, she went into another place, and we heard her weeping inside. The people said (to Umar), “O chief of the believers! Appoint a successor.” Umar said, “I do not find anyone more suitable for the job than the following persons or group whom Allah’s Messenger (saw) had been pleased with before he died.” Then Umar mentioned Alee, Uthman, Az-Zubair, Talha, Sa`d and Abdur-Rahman (bin Auf) and said, “Abdullah bin Umar will be a witness to you, but he will have no share in the rule. His being a witness will compensate him for not sharing the right of ruling. If Sa`d becomes the ruler, it will be alright: Otherwise, whoever becomes the ruler should seek his help, as I have not dismissed him because of disability or dishonesty.” Umar added, “I recommend that my successor takes care of the early emigrants; to know their rights and protect their honor and sacred things. I also recommend that he be kind to the Ansar who had lived in Madinah before the emigrants and belief had entered their hearts before them. I recommend that the (ruler) should accept the good of the righteous among them and excuse their wrong-doers, and I recommend that he should do good to all the people of the towns (Al-Ansar), as they are the protectors of Islam and the source of wealth and the source of annoyance to the enemy. I also recommend that nothing be taken from them except from their surplus with their consent. I also recommend that he do good to the Arab bedouin, as they are the origin of the Arabs and the material of Islam. He should take from what is inferior, amongst their properties and distribute that to the poor amongst them. I also recommend him concerning Allah’s and His Apostle’s protectees (i.e. Dhimmis) to fulfill their contracts and to fight for them and not to overburden them with what is beyond their ability.” So when Umar expired, we carried him out and set out walking. Abdullah bin Umar greeted (A’isha) and said, “Umar bin Al-Khattab asks for the permission.” A’isha said, “Bring him in.” He was brought in and buried beside his two companions. When he was buried, the group (recommended by Umar) held a meeting. Then Abdur-Rahman said, “Reduce the candidates for rulership to three of you.” Az-Zubair said, “I give up my right to Alee.” Talha said, “I give up my right to Uthman.” Sa`d said, ‘I give up my right to Abdur-Rahman bin Auf.” Abdur-Rahman then said (to Uthman and Ali), “Now which of you is willing to give up his right of candidacy to that he may choose the better of the (remaining) two, bearing in mind that Allah and Islam will be his witnesses.” So both the sheiks (i.e. Uthman and Alee) kept silent. Abdur-Rahman said, “Will you both leave this matter to me, and I take Allah as my Witness that I will not choose but the better of you?” They said, “Yes.” So Abdur-Rahman took the hand of one of them (i.e. Alee) and said, “You are related to Allah’s Messenger (saw) and one of the earliest Muslims as you know well. So I ask you by Allah to promise that if I select you as a ruler you will do justice, and if I select Uthman as a ruler you will listen to him and obey him.” Then he took the other (i.e. Uthman) aside and said the same to him. When `Abdur-Rahman secured (their agreement to) this covenant, he said, “O Uthman! Raise your hand.” So he (i.e. Abdur-Rahman) gave him (i.e. Uthman) the solemn pledge, and then Alee gave him the pledge of allegiance and then all the (Madinah) people gave him the pledge of allegiance.

The reply to the above narrations is as follows..

If you have time, you can spend it on reading these narrations. But if you ask us, these are not “unambiguous reports”, according to Raafidhi itself.

Raafidhi says in his article:

“There is no ambiguous evidence to establish whether or not he was a Muslim, Christian or even a Zoroastrian.”

Perhaps raafidhi wanted to say unambiguous, and erred, because ambiguous evidence doesn’t establish anything.

The main point which raafidhi highlighted in these narrations were only those lines which mentioned that Abu Luluah was present in the mosque, but it doesn’t prove anything. Just because a person claims to be a Muslim, doesn’t mean that he becomes a Muslim, and we know very well that a Muslim never attacks 30 Muslims in a mosque, and if he is still a Muslim, than the people attacking the mosques nowadays must be considered Muslims by the Shia.

Abu Luluah didn’t just attack `Umar (radhiyallahu anhu), who had done no harm to the Majoosi, he attacked 30 other Muslims, and seven of whom died, and that too in the Mosque of the Prophet (peace be upon him). Even the accursed one, Ibn Muljim didn’t attack `Ali in prayers, nor killed other Muslims randomly after attacking him. When a Khaariji doesn’t attack the Caliph in the masjid, how come a Muslim attack the Caliph in the masjid? Ibn Muljim didn’t commit suicide but Abu Luluah committed suicide, for he didn’t care a bit about what Islam says regarding suicide. If the Shia want to conjecture from one ‘ambiguous’ evidence, which is just ridiculous, the Sunnis have many valid reasons to believe that he was not a Muslim, and the words of `Umar (radhiyallahu anhu) when he became happy after coming to know about his killer that the one who killed him was not a Muslim is more than enough that even he didn’t consider Abu Luluah to be a Muslim.

I add that the Prophet (peace be upon him) didn’t even allow people to cut the trees of Madinah, let alone kill another Muslim, in his own mosque!

The Prophet (peace be upon him) described it as a “Sacred Precinct” in many of the Prophetical Hadith. One of them was narrated by Imam Muslim that the Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said: “Abraham sanctified Mecca and made it a sacred precinct, and I have sanctified Al Madinah as a sacred precinct between its two mountains, and that no blood may be shed therein and no weapon to be carried therein for combating, and no trees but to be cut but for feeding.”

Even `Amr bin Maymun who narrated that last big narration said that he’s an infidel:

“A non-Arab infidel proceeded on carrying a double-edged knife and stabbing all the persons he passed by on the right and left (till) he stabbed thirteen persons out of whom seven died.”

Twelver Shia versus Hadhrat `Ali (Radhiyallahu Anhu):

Raafidhi says:

The literal meaning of ‘Ijtihad’ is to strive with one’s total ability and efforts to reach a goal in order to deduce certain rulings from Qur’aan and Hadeeth. One of the conditions of Ijtihad is to refer to these two primary sources in order to determine if the act is deemed lawful or not. One can’t simply conjure a ruling from thin air or they would be opposing the very foundations of it. Despite these very principals the so called ‘Ahl Sunnah’ believe all those who cursed, fought and even murdered Imam Alee (a.s) had been practicing Tawil and Ijithad and thus will receive a reward from Allah (swt) for their efforts.

Killer of `Umar (Radhiyallahu Anhu) versus killer of `Ali (Radhiyallahu Anhu), and the facts: 

Raafidhi then says:

Al Haythami gives a different rule for the companions as he does with the Khawarijes even though he admits they are enemies of Imam Alee (a.s).  In reality the actions of the Kharjies and the Sahahbah are of one and the same. Both parties fought the rightly guided Khalifah of the time and committed numerous atrocities. Ibn Hazim implies the companions intentions were sincere, and they only wished to uphold the laws of Allah (swt) and the Sunnah of His Messenger (saw). Ibn Taymiyyah offers the same excuse for the murderer of Imam Alee (a.s) when comparing him to the killer of Umar.

Ibn Taymiyyah:

And therefore the person who killed Umar was an unbeliever, hating the religion of Islam. And he hated the Prophet (saw) and his nation and his religion. So he killed him (Umar) out of hate of the Prophet (saw) and his religion. And the one who killed Alee, used to pray, fast and recite the Qur’aan. And he killed him believing that Allah (swt) and his Prophet (saw) would love him to kill Alee. He did this, out of love for Allah (swt) and his Prophet (saw) according to him. Even though he was misguided (in this act) and a deviant.

And Raafidhi again quotes ibn Taymiyyah:

Ibn Taymiyyah:

His (i.e. ‘Alee’s) murderer is one of them (i.e. the Khawarij), and he was ‘Abd al-Rahman bin Muljam al-Muradi’, despite that he was one of the best of mankind in worship, and one of the people of knowledge.

What form of Ijtihad was Ibn Muljam trying to implement by killing Imam Alee (a.s)?. According to Sheikh al Shatain Ibn Muljam was misguided in his actions though it would receive him good reward. The option of Tawil and Ijtihad are available to those who killed Imam ‘Alee (a.s) and fought against him. Yet Qu’raan and Hadeeth has declared such people in violation of Islam. Ibn Taymiyyah declared the murderer of Imam Alee (a.s) as “One of the best of mankind in worship, and one of the people of knowledge” based on what exactly?. How would any knowledgeable person not know Imam Alee (a.s) relationship to the Prophet Muhammad (saw)?. Is there anyone that can say the person who killed Umar Ibn Khataab was a disbelieving hypocrite, but the killer of Imam Alee was one of the most upright person in worship and knowledge?. Even the Kharjites never made such a bold claim.

First of all, ibn Muljam was a Khaariji, and the Khawarij in general were known as being very religious and they would recite the Qur’an day and night, they were called “al-Qurra’” meaning “The reciters” because they would recite the Qur’an.

The Prophet (peace be upon him) himself described the Khawarij as being extreme worshipers, he said to his companion in Sahih al-Bukhari:

“If you compare their prayers and fasting to that of yours, you yourself will feel ashamed. These are the people who will recite the Quran but it will not go beyond their throats.”

Abu Sa`eed al-Khudari (radhiyallahu anhu) said about them:

“I testify to the fact that I heard it from Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam), and I testify to the fact that Ali bin Abi Talib fought against them and I was with him.”

So it’s not Ibn Taymiyyah’s opinion, it is the Prophet (peace be upon him) that described them as such.

As for `Ali bin abi Talib (radhiyallahu anhu), he was asked about the Khawarij:

`Alqamah b. `Amir asked `Ali: “Where the people of Nahrawan Mushrikun (polytheists)?” He replied, “They escaped from Shirk (polytheism).”

He asked: “Where they Munafiqun (hypocrites)?” He (`Ali) said, “Indeed, the Munafiqin (hypocrites) do not remember Allah, except little.”

He asked, “So what are they O Amir al-Mu’minin (Leader of the Believers)?” He said, “They’re our brothers who transgressed against us, so we fought them for transgressing us.”

Source: al-Bidayah wa’l-Nihayah (Vol. 7, Pg. 321)

Even `Ali (radhiyallahu anhu) himself considered the Khawarij to be the seekers of truth, but to have gone astray. If this is something objectionable, then the Shia should first object at their first Imam when he said in Nahjul-Balagha pg.96:

لا تقتلوا الخوارج بعدي فليس من طلب الحق فاخطاه كمن طلب الباطل فادركه

“Don’t kill Khawarij after me, for those who seek truth but go astray are not like those who seek falsehood and then find it.”

Ayatollah Muhammad Hussain al-Shirazi says regarding these words of Caliph Ali

فان الخوارج كانوا قد طلبوا الحق لكنهم اخطأوه بخلاف معاوية وأصحابه الذين أرادوا الباطل فأصابوه

“The Khawarij intended to reach the truth but they erred, in contrast to Mu`awiyah and his companions who intended the falsehood and found it.”

Ubaidullah ibn Umar versus the Killers of Uthman:

Raafidhi says:

Ubaidullah Ibn Umar had been advised by Abdur Rahman ibn Awf and Hafsah bint Umar to seek justice for His father’s murder. Ubaidullah took his sword, and rushed out of his house to take revenge. He first went to the house of Aboo Lu’lu’ah, and killed his daughter. Later He sought to murder of Jafina (a Christian who had been brought to Madina after the conquest of Iraq), and last but not least Hurmuzan ( a Persian General who had been captured during the Persian conquest). When the Muslims came to know about what had happened, Ubaidullah ibn Umar was apprehended. With the acceptation of Abdur Rahman ibn Aboo Bakr no other person supported the theory of any conspiracy. Adequate evidence was thus not forthcoming to support the theory of the involvement of Jafina, Hurmuzan and the daughter of Aboo Lu’lu’ah in any alleged conspiracy. Even if it was established that these persons had entered into a conspiracy, there was no grounds for justification for the killing of these personalities. Ubaidullah ibn Umar had no right or justification to take the law in his own hand and murder four persons without affording them an opportunity for defense. That was the Arab practice of the days of ignorance which was in violation of the injunctions of Islam. The case was tried by Uthman with the help of a jury which included Imam Alee (a.s), Amr b Al A’as (a staunch opponent of Imam Alee during the tribulation of Muawiyah) and some other prominent companions. Imam Alee (a.s) and other notable companions were of the opinion that the dictates of justice demanded that Ubaidullah ibn Umar should be executed for taking the law in his hand, and murdering the citizens without cause. Imam Alee (a.s) was emphatically of the view that in Islam, law was no respecter of persons, and Ubaidullah Ibn Umar could not be saved from the penalty of law merely on the ground that he was the son of the late tyrant. While other companions were of the view that they lost Umar ibn Khataab only recently, and it could not be that today his son should be killed. Instead Amr ibn al-As advised Uthman not to have him killed.  Thus the decision had been made to spare his life and instead Uthman decided to give blood money.

Firstly, I’m very happy that RTS admits that `Uthman (radhiyallahu anhu) used to consult `Ali (radhiyallahu anhu) and other companions in how he rules. This shows that `Ali’s (radhiyallahu anhu) opinions were heard and taken into consideration, he wasn’t oppressed and isolated as the Shia would usually claim.

Then Raafidhi says that the son of `Umar (radhiyallahu anhu) committed a sin by killing the man, and he described him as “Son of the late tyrant.”

Although when `Umar (radhiyallahu anhu) learned what his son did, he ordered that Ubaidullah should be imprisoned and the next Caliph should decide his fate.

In al-Sunan al-Kubra of al-Bayhaqi 8/61, we read:

أخبرنا أبو الحسين بن بشران أنبأ أبو الحسن على بن محمد المصرى ثنا مالك بن يحيى أبو غسان ثنا على بن عاصم عن حميد عن عبد الله بن عبيد بن عمير قال لما طعن عمر رضى الله عنه وثب عبيد الله بن عمر على الهرمزان فقتله فقيل لعمر إن عبيد الله بن عمر قتل الهرمزان قال ولم قتله قال انه قتل أبى قيل وكيف ذاك قال رأيته قبل ذلك مستخليا بأبى لؤلؤة وهو امره بقتل أبى قال عمر ما ادرى ما هذا انظروا إذا انا مت فاسألوا عبيد الله البينة على الهرمزان هو قتلني فان اقام البينة فدمه بدمى وان لم يقم البينة فأقيدوا عبيد الله من الهرمزان فلما ولى عثمان رضى الله عنه قيل له ألا تمضى وصية عمر رضى الله عنه في عبيد الله قال ومن ولى الهرمزان قالوا انت يا أمير المؤمنين فقال فقد عفوت عن عبيد الله بن عمر

[(…) It was said to `Umar that `Ubaidullah killed al-Hormuzan, `Umar asked: “Why did he kill him?” They replied: “He said: He killed my father.” We asked him “How?” he said: “I saw him before it happened, he was alone with abu Lu’lu’ah, he ordered him to kill my father.” `Umar then said: “I don’t know what to make of this.. If I die, ask `Ubaidullah to present what proof he has for what he did, if he provides sufficient proof then his blood was for mine.. but if he doesn’t, then punish `Ubaidullah for al-Hormuzan.” When `Uthman may Allah be pleased with him later became the Caliph, they asked him: “Will you not fulfill the wish of `Umar may Allah be pleased with him in regards to `Ubaidullah?” He replied: “Who is the Wali of al-Hormuzan?” they replied: “You O Ameer al-Mu’mineen.” `Uthman said: “Then I have forgiven `Ubaidullah ibn `Umar.”]

Then Raafidhi quotes two weak narrations by al-Waqidi:

Narrating al-muttalib ibn Abdullah ibn Hantab he said; Alee told Ubaydullah bin Umar; ‘What was the crime of the daughter of Aboo Lu’lu’ah when you killed her ?’ He said; ‘And the opinion of Alee, when Uthman consulted Him, and the opinion of the seniors among the companions of the messenger of Allah (saw) was to kill him!’ But Amr ibn Al-‘As spoke to Uthman so he left him [without killing him] and Alee used to say; ‘If I could reach Ubaydullah bin Umar and I had authority, I would have reprimanded him [punish him]’….


Narrating Muhammed ibn Umar, narrated from Ibn Jurey told me that Uthman ibn Affan consulted muslims and they agreed about [paying] their blood money, and Ubaydullah bin Umar would not be killed for killing them, and they had converted to Islam, and Umar had imposed for them, and Alee ibn Aboo Talib ,when he was given allegiance, wanted to kill Ubaydullah bin Umar so he ran away from Him to Muawiyah ibn Aboo Sufyan and he remained with him until he was killed in Sifeen [the battle].

Instead, what is funny is that why didn’t Ali (radhiyallahu anhu) kill the killers of Uthman (radhiyallahu anhu), when he could reach them, the excuse he gives regarding them as is mentioned in the books of Shias is that he has no authority over them.

We read in Nahjul Balagha vol.2 pg.80:

وقد قال له قوم من الصحابة لو عاقبت قوما ممن أجلب على عثمان؟ فقال عليه السلام: يا إخوتاه إني لست أجهل ما تعلمون، ولكن كيف لي بقوة والقوم المجلبون على حد شوكتهم، يملكوننا ولا نملكهم

“When a group of Sahaba said to him that he should punish the killers of Uthman. He said : O brothers, I am not ignorant of what you know. But where is power with me when the people (who killed Uthman) are at their prime. They rule over us and we don’t rule over them.”

So after `Umar (radhiyallahu anhu) died, `Uthman (radhiyallahu anhu) did not wish that his son would die the next day, it would be too much for their family to bear. He said that since the three who were killed had no Awliya, he would be their Wali and he decided as their Wali that `Ubaidullah only needs to pay blood-money.

Why Ubaidullah ibn Umar killed them?

Raafidhi himself posts why:

He said, Yaqoob bin Ibraheem bin Saad bin Zuhri informed us from his father from Swaleh bin Kisan from Ibnu Shihaab who said, Saeed Ibnu Al-Musayyib told me that Abdul Rahman bin Aboo bakar as-Sidiq he said ‘When Umar was killed, I had passed by Aboo-Lu’lu’ah while he was with Hormuzan and Jafina, they were whispering; when I approached them, they got up quickly and the knife with two heads dropped down between them, therefore, see for which type of knife was Umar killed? And they found that Umar was stabbed by the same knife which Abdul Rahman had described it, then Ubaydullah ibn Umar when he heard that he got up with sword until he reached towards Hormozan, and he called upon him, when he came out, he said to him, ‘Let us go and see my horse over there’; thus, Ubaydullah stayed behind him and chopped his head, Ubaydullah bin Umar said, when he felt the heat of the sword he uttered “La ilaha illa llah” and then Ubaydullah said, I afterwards called upon Jafina….”Source: Tabqat Ibn Sa’ad, Vol. 3. Pg. # 329 – 330.

This narration very clearly shows that there was a plot to kill Umar (radhiyallahu anhu), and Hurmuzan, Jafina and Abu Luluah were involved in this plot.

Aside from this, the Prophet (peace be upon him) also didn’t kill Usama ibn Zayd when he killed a Jew who uttered shahadah in the heat of the sword. We read in the Shia book ‘Bihar ul Anwar’ vol.65 pg.235:

وقال علي بن إبراهيم  وغيره: إنها نزلت لما رجع رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله من غزوة خيبر، وبعث أسامة بن زيد في خيل إلى بعض اليهود في ناحية فدك ليدعوهم إلى الاسلام وكان رجل من اليهود يقال له: مرداس بن نهيك الفدكي في بعض القرى، فلما أحس بخيل رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله جمع أهله وماله وصار في ناحية الجبل فأقبل يقول أشهد أن لا إله إلا الله وأشهد أن محمدا رسول الله، فمر به أسامة بن زيد فطعنه فقتله فلما رجع إلى رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله أخبره بذلك، فقال له رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله: أفلا شققت الغطاء عن قلبه، لاما قال بلسانه قبلت، ولا ما كان في نفسه علمت، فحلف أسامة بعد ذلك أن لا يقاتل أحدا شهد أن لا إله إلا الله وأن محمدا رسول الله، فتخلف عن أمير المؤمنين عليه السلام في حروبه وأنزل الله في ذلك ” ولا تقولوا لمن ألقى إليكم السلام ” الآية “

Tafsir Ali ibn Ibrahim and others said : O ye who believe! When ye go forth (to fight) in the way of Allah, be careful to discriminate, and say not unto one who offereth you peace: “Thou art not a believer,” seeking the chance profits of this life (4:94) It was revealed when the Prophet (peace be upon him) was returning from the battle of Khayber, and sent Usama ibn Zayd to few villages of the Jews near Fadak, to invite them to Islam. A man from the Jews, whose name was Mirdas ibn Naheek al fadaki gathered his family menmbers and his belongings and went to a hill, and said : I testify that there is no god but Allah, and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah. Usamah ibn Zayd killed him while passing by him. When he returned to the Prophet (peace be upon him), the Prophet (peace be upon him) said to him : You killed  a man who testified that there is no god but Allah, and that I am the Messenger of Allah? He replied : O Messenger of Allah, he said this to protect himself from being killed. The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said : You didn’t remove the covering from his heart, and you didn’t accept what he said with his tongue, and you don’t know what is in his heart. Usama ibn Zayd announced that he will not thereafter kill anyone who says “I bear witness that there is no god but Allah, and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah. And that is why he stayed away from the battles of Ali, and Allah revealed regarding this:  and say not to anyone who greets you  …  (4:94)

When the Prophet (peace be upon him) didn’t take Qisas from Usamah ibn Zayd, how can the Raafidhi say that Qisas must have been taken from Ubaidullah ibn Umar?

Ali was disobeyed by his own sons according to Shia books:

It is mentioned in Nahjul balagha that Ali said :

انظروا إذا أنا متّ من ضربته هذه فاضربوه ضربة بضربة ، و لا يمثّل بالرّجل ، فإنّى سمعت رسول اللّه ، صلّى اللّه عليه و آله و سلّم ، يقول :  إيّاكم و المثلة ، و لو بالكلب العقور

Look, when I die, only my killer should be killed and when I kill because of his striking, than he should be killed with one strike only. And don’t cut his hands and feet, because I have heard the Prophet (peace be upon him) that beware, don’t cut hands and feet even if it is a biting dog.
Nahjul Balagha, letter # 47

It is mentioned in the Shia famous book ‘Jila ul Uyun’ that Ali said to his son:
Give him food and don’t chain him, rather be kind to him, when I die, kill him with one hit, and don’t cut him into pieces i.e don’t cut his hands, feet, nose, ear and the body parts. I have heard the Prophet that never cut anyone into pieces, even if it is a dog. And if I recovered, I have the choice to forgive him, because we ahlelbayt are forgiving (but we can curse people to hell for snatching our land e.g Fadak etc .. ahem)
Jila ul Uyun, Vol. 1, p. 307

The Shia scholar, Ibrahim al-thaqafi writes

  ولما أحضر ليقتل قال عبد الله بن جعفر الطيار ،: دعوني أشفي بعض ما في نفسي عليه، فدفع إليه فأمر بمسمار فأحمي بالنار ثم كحله به فجعل ابن ملجم – لعنه الله – يقول: تبارك الخالق الإنسان من علق، يا ابن أخي إنك لتكحل بمرود مض (1) ثم أمر بقطع يديه ورجليه فقطعتا، ولم يتكلم، ثم أمر بقطع لسانه فجزع فقال له بعض الناس: يا عدو الله كحلت عيناك بالنار وقطعت يداك ورجلاك فلم تجزع وجزعت من قطع لسانك؟! فقال له: يا جاهل أما والله ما جزعت لقطع لساني ولكني أكره أن أعيش في الدنيا فواقا لا أذكر الله فيه فلما قطع لسانه أحرق بالنار،

When he was presented for being killed, Abdullah ibn Jafar said: Let me relieve regarding some of what I have regarding him. So he asked for needles, which he made hot with fire, then he put them into his eys, Ibn Muljim, the accursed one said, Mighty is the Lord who created the human from alaq, o son of brother, you are putting hot needles into my eyes. Then he ordered to cut his hands and legs, which were cut, but Ibn Muljim didn’t complain. Then he ordered to cut his tongue, upon which he (i.e Ibn Muljim) started wailing. Some of the people said : O enemy of Allah, hot needles were put into your eyes, and your hands were cut, as well as your legs, but you didn’t wail, but now you wail when your tongue is cut. He said : O ignorant, by God, I don’t wail due to the cutting of my tongue, but I dislike that I live in this world, and I don’t remember Allah, so when his tongue was cut, he was burnt with fire.
al-Gharat, Vol. 2, p. 839

Is it a must to kill a Muslim if he kills a Dhimmi, according to Shia fiqh.

Remember that Ubaidullah can’t be killed according to Shia fiqh. We read in ‘Man la yahdaruhul faqih’

روى الحسن بن محبوب، عن علي بن رئاب، عن محمد بن قيس عن أبي جعفر (عليه السلام) قال: ” لا يقاد مسلم بذمي في القتل ولا في الجراحات، ولكن يؤخذ من المسلم في جنايته للذمي بقدر جنايته على الذمي على قدر دية الذمي ثمانمائة درهم

Imam Baqir said: A Muslim is not killed if he kills a Dhimmi, or injures him, but the compensation will be taken from the Muslim in return for the injustice with the Dhimmi, according to the Diyyah of the Dhimmi, which is 800 Dirhams.
Man la yahdaruhul faqih, Narration # 5248

Secondly, Ubaidullah was a free person, and the daughter of Abu Luluah was a slave, and in Shia fiqh, a Free Muslim can’t be killed for killing a slave.

We read in Man la yahdaruhul faqih:

وروى عثمان بن عيسى، عن سماعة عن أبي عبد الله (عليه السلام) قال: ” يقتل العبد بالحر، ولا يقتل الحر، بالعبد، ولكن يغرم قيمته ويضرب ضربا شديدا حتى لا يعود

Imam Jafar said : A slave will be killed for killing a free person, but a free person will not be killed for killing a slave, he will pay the compensation, and he will be hit hard so that he doesn’t repeat it.
Man la yahdaruhul faqih, Narration # 5260

Trying to prove the faith of Abu Lulu by his presence in the Mosque:

Raafidhi says :

In summary we have evidenced that when the companions would stand in congregational prayer they would do so in an upright standing position. Umar Ibn Al-Khattab would inspect the rows so as to ensure that no gaps existed between worshippers, and would only then lead the congregation in prayer. With this in mind, was the presence of a Zoroastrian not a gap for Umar and the Companions? Wouldn’t anyone consider the presence of a Zoroastrian man in the ranks of worshippers as a defect in the congregational prayer? What is yet more perplexing is that Aboo Lu’lu’ah, a Zoroastrian came and stood within the ranks of the worshippers wearing his shoes whilst praying the dawn prayer. Would this not have attracted the ire of anyone? Or was it Sunnah for non Muslims to come inside the mosque wearing shoes? How was Aboo Lu’lu’ah able to place himself in the first line of prayers and read directly behind Umar without being challenged for it? Some may say that Aboo Lu’lu’ah entered the masjid in a clandestine manner, however, this would only be achieved had he entered with his face covered thus ensuring he was not recognisable. This however is completely implausible, any individual covering his face making his way towards the head of state would most likely arouse suspicion. Such a person would be challenged, searched or even arrested for the possibility of having been in possession of an offensive weapon. As a minimum, he would have been taken away from the scene.

Aboo Dawood: Narrated Aboo Hurayrah: The Messenger of Allah (saw) forbade trailing garments during prayer and that a man should cover his mouth. Aboo Dawood said: This tradition has also been narrated by ‘Isi on the authority of ‘Ata’ from Abu Hurayra: The Prophet (saws) forbade trailing garments during prayer.
Footnote: Narration Hasan (Reliable).
Source: Saheeh Sunan Aboo Dawood. Vol. 1, Pg. # 2, H. 643

Raafidhi must have a hard time believing all the complexities involved in the secret missions carried out by the spies around the world. Abu Luluah’s case is much simpler, he didn’t need an elaborate disguise nor did he require fake passports and a secret identity… all he needed was the Arabic head wear called “Taylasaan”, in which one can easily hide his face without covering it.

The hadith that Raafidhi has presented only talks about covering the face, which is a different thing.

Abu Luluah performed this heinous act in the Fajar (Dawn) prayer, and we know that it is difficult to recognize the faces at this time. Look at the following tradition from Sahih Bukhari

حَدَّثَنَا يَحْيَى بْنُ مُوسَى، حَدَّثَنَا سَعِيدُ بْنُ مَنْصُورٍ، حَدَّثَنَا فُلَيْحٌ، عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ الْقَاسِمِ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، عَنْ عَائِشَةَ، رضى الله عنها أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم كَانَ يُصَلِّي الصُّبْحَ بِغَلَسٍ فَيَنْصَرِفْنَ نِسَاءُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ، لاَ يُعْرَفْنَ مِنَ الْغَلَسِ، أَوْ لاَ يَعْرِفُ بَعْضُهُنَّ بَعْضًا‏.‏

Narrated `Aisha: Allah’s Apostle (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) used to offer the Fajr prayer when it was still dark and the believing women used to return (after finishing their prayer) and nobody could recognize them owing to darkness, or they could not recognize one another.

Reference: Sahih al-Bukhari 872; Sahih Bukhari English translation: Vol. 1, Book 12, Hadith 831

This narration proves that the Muslims would pray when it was still dark, and the people couldn’t be recognized.

Was Abu Luluah a Christian or a Zaroastrian?

There are two narrations which Raafidhi has posted on its website regarding whether Abu Luluah was a Christian or Zaroastrian.

Abd al-Barr: narrated from Khalf Bin Qasim told us Hassan bin Rasheeq told Dolaabi told Muhammad ibn Hameed told us Alee bin Mujahid who said, “We had difference in regards to the personality of Aboo Lu’lu’ah, some claimed: He was a Majoosi (Zoroastrian). Others said: He was a Christian, so Aboo Sanan reported us on the authority of Saeeb Ibn Sinan on the authority of Aboo Ishaq Al-Hamdani on the authority of Amr Ibn Maymun Al-Awdi, who said: “Aboo Lu’lu’ah was a Christian who stabbed Umar with a dagger with two heads (to the blade), once he injured ‘Umar he stabbed another thirteen men (companions) in the Masjid until he was captured, once he was capture he committed suicide.
Source: Al-Istiab. Vol. 3, Pg. # 1155

The other narration is from Mujam al Awsat

حدثنا أحمد قال حدثنا سعيد بن سليمان الواسطي قال حدثنا مبارك بن فضالة قال حدثنا عبيد الله بن عمر عن نافع عن بن عمر قال : لما طعن أبو لؤلؤة عمر طعنه طعنتين فظن عمر أن له ذنبا في الناس لا يعلمه فدعا بن عباس وكان يحبه ويدنيه ويستمع منه فقال له أحب أن نعلم عن ملأ من الناس كان هذا فخرج بن عباس فجعل لا يمر بملأ من الناس إلا وهم يبكون فرجع إليه فقال يا أمير المؤمنين ما أتيت على ملأ من المسلمين إلا وهم يبكون كأنما فقدوا اليوم أبكار أولادهم فقال من قتلني قال أبو لؤلؤة المجوسي عبد المغيرة بن شعبة قال بن عباس فرأيت البشر في وجهه فقال الحمد لله الذي لم يبتلني بقول أحد يحاجني بقول لا إله إلا الله

Abdullah Ibn Umar said: “When Aboo Lu’lu’ah stabbed Umar he stabbed him twice. Umar was thinking that maybe he done injustice to someone amongst the people – so he (Umar) called Ibn Abbas who loved, adored and listened to him, then he (Umar) said: “O Ibn ‘Abbas! Find out who attacked me.” Ibn Abbas kept on looking here and there and found no one but people crying, he then said to Umar, “O Amir Al-Mu’minin (commander of the faithful) I’ve seen no one except people crying as if they have lost their first born children today.” Umar asked: “Who killed me?” Ibn Abbas said: Aboo Lu’lu’ah the Majoosi (Zoroastrian), the slave of Al-Mughira.” Ibn Abbas said: “I saw happiness in the face of Umar.” On that Umar said: “‘Praise be to Allah Who did not make my decree of death to be at the hands of a man who claimed Islam.
Source: Mu’jam al-Awsat, Vol. 1, p. 151, Tradition # 579

This narration is hasan, Ahmad ibn Qasim is thiqah, Saeed ibn Sulayman is thiqah, Mubarak ibn Fudhala is Hasan ul hadith , Ubaidullah ibn Umar is thiqah, and Nafi is thiqah who narrates from Abdullah ibn Umar. al-Haythami has also declared this narration as Hasan in Majma ul Zawaid, Vol. 9, p. 51

According to the authentic hadith as is present in Mujam al Awsat, Abu Luluah was a Zaroastrian. The other hadith which ibn Abdul Barr has mentioned in his book ‘al-Istiab’ is weak because it contains a Liar, i.e Ali ibn Mujahid.

wal-Salamu `Alaykum,

Unity with the Shias – Is it Possible??


By Jamiatul Ulama Northern Cape

The following Malfooz (saying/words of advice) of Hazrat Moulana Ashraf Ali Thanwi Rahimahullah is undoubtedly some good food for thought, especially these days when some people are trying to force down our throats the issue of being united with Shias!


“When organizations unite on error or sin, opposition to them and dissociation from them become the demands of the Shariah. It is essential for Deeni conscious people, who have joined such organizations for the enactment of the transgression, to dissociate themselves.(The issue of Shiism is much worse. It is uniting on Kufr –JamiatNC)

Nowadays the condition of the people of the Deen is lamentable. While the irreligious people are firm on an issue (of error) on which they have taken a stand, the people of the Deen (the Ulama) are lax. What has happened to them? The irreligious people do what their desire commands them to do and whatever appeals to their opinion. (The Kufr of Shiism is clearer than daylight. Yet, some people are not interested in the truth – JamiatNC)

On the other hand the people of the Deen in spite of being aware that this particular activity is in conflict with their Math-hab or it is unlawful or the method is harmful or this activity is in conflict with the outlook and disposition of our Jamaat, then too they submit to the irreligious people for the sake of sustaining the unity. (How can we unite with the Shias who have several vile beliefs? Mufti Rasheed Ahmed Ludhiyanwi – who was a very pious senior Mufti of Pakistan and who is acknowledged for issuing excellent Fataawa, has mentioned nineteen solid reasons why Shias could be declared as Kaafir. Thousands of Ulama have declared the Shias as Kuffaar, i.e. A shia is a ‘Kaafir’. Insha Allah articles on this will also be published – JamiatNC)

Subhaanallaah, The attainment of unity is from both sides.  (Attainment of unity with the Shias is almost impossible. Our pamphlet on Shiism which discusses Allah’s praise for Hazrat Ibraheem Alayhis Salaam’s disunity with the Kuffaar will shed more light on this issue Insha Allah – JamiatNC)

How do we unite with people who accuse our mother of Zina when Allah revealed Aayats proving the purity and chastity of Hazrat Ayesha Radhiyallahu Anha. This alone is enough to show the Shias rejection of the Qur’aan. By declaring Shias as Muslims, we are rejecting the Qur’aan and this will make us Kaafir.

On the contrary, it is Fardh for us to declare Shias as Kaafir. Insha Allah this will be explained in detail in another pamphlet – JamiatNC)

When the other side is not prepared to honour your stand (of Haqq), what type of unity is this? Rather say that you are being subservient to them. Nowadays mutual flattery is described as unity. They therefore fear to dissociate themselves (from baatil). They fear the criticism of the people. They fear being accused of disrupting the unity. (If Shias want unity and they want to be part of Islam, they must firstly declare as Kaafir all those Shia Scholars who wrote against the Sahaabah and also burn all their books – JamiatNC)

Why are you (O Ulama!) scared of such criticism? Proclaim boldly: “Yes, we have ruined the unity.” (We must say: ‘With Allah’s Fadhl, we will Insha Allah never unite with the Sahaabah-haters’. Those who hate the Sahaabah, hate Nabi Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam. And obviously, we do not call for violence, despite us having no ‘unity’ with the Shayaateen. We are living in harmony, but Kufr being presented as Islam is totally unacceptable!

Furthermore, it is silly and ludicrous to expect the Ulama-e-Haqq (the real Ulama) to tolerate lies and hatred against the Sahaabah and to tolerate filth in the name of Islam – JamiatNC)

Unity in every circumstance is not desirable nor praiseworthy. In fact, sometimes disunity is desirable. When the Deen suffers by a unity, then disunity is the best course.” (End of Malfooz of Hakeemul Ummat)

The aforementioned Naseehat of Hadhrat Maulana Ashraf Ali Thaanvi (Rahmatullah Alayh) should serve as sufficient advice and direction for those of our Ulama who have embraced the Ahl-e-Baatil (the modernists), the Ahl-e-Bid’ah (the Grave Worshippers) and the Shias on the Cape Accord issue.

All the arguments tendered by the Ulama for going to Shia temples, bringing Zindeeqs and Mulhideen from foreign countries to lecture the jaahil masses in South Africa to accept Sahaabah-haters as our brothers, participation in Al-Quds Day which originated from the Kaafir Khomeini, etc. are figments of their Shia-influenced imagination. When Shar’i principles are being violated, there is absolutely no good in the benefits which are being imagined. It is the duty of the Ulama to maintain a strong stand on the Haqq and Sunnah.

The doubtful benefits at the expense of sacrificing Islamic and Sunnah principles and practices and even Aqeedah, are to be confounded and rejected. It is our duty to guard the Shariah, not to woo people of deviation and Kufr.

It is our incumbent duty to proclaim the Haqq. By us remaining silent, Muslims are becoming Kaafir by embracing the Kufr of Shiism. How then can it ever be possible for us to remain silent??? The baseless arguments of sectarianism, unity, violence and terrorism by Pro-Shia supporters and symphatisers are all rejected with contempt. We never ever called for violence!!!

May Allah save us from the Kufr of Shiism. Aameen