By Muhammad Huzaifah ibn Adam aal-Ebrahim
بِسْمِ اللهِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيْمِ
There are five Aayats in the Qur’aan Kareem wherein Allah Ta`ala commands people to seize a particular thing with Quwwah. These Aayaat are:
“And (remember, O Bani Israa’eel) when We took your promise (that you would fulfil the injunctions of the Towrah) and We raised above you Mount Toor (saying): “Take what We have given you (the Towraah) with Quwwah (power), and heed what is in it (i.e. act upon it) so that you may attain Taqwa.” [Surah al-Baqarah, 2:63]
In this particular Aayah, Allah Ta`ala is addressing Bani Israa’eel, reminding them of how He had taken their oaths and covenants that they would have Imaan in Him Alone, not committing Shirk with Him, and that they would follow His Rusul. Allaah Ta`ala mentions that at the time of this Covenant being taken, He raised Mount Toor out of the earth from its root and suspended it over the heads of Bani Israa’eel, that they may realise the gravity of this Covenant and follow this Command that Allaah Ta`aalaa is giving them, of taking the Towrah with Quwwah (power), resolutely, with courage to carry out His Commands.
When Imaam Qataadah رحمة الله عليه gave the Tafseer of this Aayah, and he explained the meaning of “bi-Quwwah (with power),” he said: “(Allaah Ta`aalaa was saying to them) Take this Towrah with seriousness or I will hurl down this mountain upon you.”
Thus, out of fear of the `Adhaab of Allaah Ta`aalaa the Bani Israa’eel unanimously submitted, falling into Sajdah, and they pledged that they would take this Towrah with Quwwah.
Imaam Abu-l `Aaliyah and Imaam Rabi` ibn Anas explained that one meaning of this Quwwah mentioned in the Aayah is Taa`ah (obedience). Imaam Mujaahid gave another meaning to it, which is “bi-`Amalim bimaa Feehi” (by acting upon it).
The second time in the Qur’aan Kareem that Allaah Ta`ala mentions this Command of taking something “With Quwwah” is also in Surah al-Baqarah:
“And (remember) When We took a promise from you (that you will obey the commands in the Towraah) and (after you refused to carry out the promise, We) raised Mount Toor above you (saying): “Take what We have given you with Quwwah (power) and listen (to the commands, otherwise the mountain will be flung on you). They said, “We hear and we disobey (Your command).” Because of their Kufr, the (love of the) calf was soaked into their hearts. Tell them, “Evil indeed is that (worship of the calf and rejection of Muhammad ﷺ) which your belief (in the Towraah) orders you to do, if you really are people who believe (as you claim).” [Surah al-Baqarah, 2:93]
In Tafseer Jalaalayn, “with Quwwah” is explained as “with Jidd (might/determination) and Ijtihaad (hard work).”
The third time that Allah Ta`ala mentions “with Quwwah” is in Soorah al-A`raaf. This time, the Command is addressed to Nabi Moosa عليه السلام:
“And We wrote for him (Moosa عليه السلام) on the tablets (of the Towraah) every type of advice and details of everything (that man needs to know). (We told him): “Take (this Towraah) with Quwwah (power), and command your people to hold fast to the excellent commandments it contains. I am going to show you the abode of the Faasiqeen.” [Soorah al-A`raaf, 7:145]
Imaam ibn Katheer رحمة الله عليه in his Tafseer explains “with Quwwah” as being: “bi-`Azmin `alat-Taa`ah” (with determination to obey).
Hadhrat `Abdullaah ibn ‘Abbas رضي الله انهما, added:
Imaam Sufyaan ibn `Uyaynah narrates: Abu Sa`d narrated to us from `Ikrimah, from Hadhrat `Abdullah ibn `Abbas رضي الله انهما who said: “Nabi Moosa عليه السلام was commanded to take (upon himself) the severest (of the laws) which his people were commanded with.”
In other words, he was commanded to take the strictest view for himself, with regards to the commandments of his Shari`ah.
With regards to the Aayah: “I am going to show you the abode of the Faasiqeen.”, some of the Mufassiroon have said that it refers to the lands of the Kuffaar in this Dunyaa, i.e. that Allah Ta`ala is going to take it away from them and give it to the Muslims. The second view is that Allah Ta`ala was telling Nabi Moosa عليه السلام: “I am going to show you the abode in Jahannam of those who oppose Me and who are not obedient unto Me.”
The fourth time in the Qur’aan when Allah Ta`ala commands people to take something “with Quwwah”, it is also in Surah al-A`raaf:
“And (remember the time) when We uprooted the mountain (Mount Toor and suspended it) above them (the Bani Israa’eel) as if it were a canopy and they thought that it would fall on them. (We said to them) “Take what We have given you with Quwwah and remember what is in it so that you may attain Taqwaa.” [Surah al-A`raaf, 7:171]
Imaam ibn Katheer narrates in his Tafseer that when Allah Ta`ala had given the Towraah to Nabi Moosaa عليه السلام, he commanded them to obey it and carry out its injunctions, saying to them, “Accept everything that is in this Kitaab, for in it is an explanation of what Allaah has made Halaal for you and what He has made Haraam upon you, and what He has commanded you and what He has forbidden you from.” They said, “Open it up and show us what is inside it. If its injunctions are easy and its Hudood (prescribed punishments) are light, we will accept it.”
Nabi Moosa عليه السلام said to them: “Accept it regardless of what is in it.”
They said, “No. We will not accept it until we know what is inside it. What are its injunctions and prescribed punishments like?” They continued to refuse to accept it until Allah Ta`ala uprooted the mountain and raised it in the sky above their heads. Nabi Moosa عليه السلام then said to them, “Do you not see what my Rabb `Azza wa Jall is saying? He is saying, “If you do not accept the Tawrah with whatever is inside it, I will throw on you this mountain.”
Commenting on this event, Imaam Hasan Basri رحمة الله عليه said, “When Bani Israa’eel looked up at the mountain raised above their heads, about to be hurled at them, all of them unanimously fell into Sajdah, prostrating upon the left part of their foreheads and looking up at the mountain with their right eyes, out of fear that it would fall on them. Thus, there is no Jew in the world who does not prostrate upon the left part of his forehead. The Jews say: “This is the Sajdah which caused the `Adhaab (of Allaah) to be lifted.”
When the Tablets were spread open in which was the Kitaab of Allaah (the Towrah) which He had written, there was not a mountain, tree or stone upon the surface of the earth except that it shook. Thus, till today there is no Jew on the face of the earth, young or old, upon whom the Towraah is read except that he shakes and moves his head.”
This is another meaning of “take it with Quwwah”: the Jews were being commanded: “Accept everything within this Towrah without exception; that which you find easy and that which you find difficult, that which you like and that which you dislike, or I will hurl down this mountain upon you.”
Thus, to take it with Quwwah is to carry out every single injunction within it without exception, and to abstain from every single prohibition within it without exception, and to propagate everything in it without hiding anything. If they refused to accept, Allah Ta`ala would have crushed them with Mount Toor.
The fifth and final time in the Qur’aan Kareem when Allaah Ta`aalaa commands taking something “with Quwwah” is in Surah Maryam, and this time it is addressed to Nabi Yahya عليه السلام. Allah Ta`ala says to him:
“O Yahya, take this Kitaab with Quwwah! And We granted him Al-Hukm (Nubuwwah) when he was still a child.” [Surah Maryam, 19:12]
Allaah Ta`ala mentions in this Aayah that He granted Nubuwwah to Nabi Yahya عليه السلام when he was still a child. Mufassiroon say that Nabi Yahya عليه السلام was three years old at the time of being granted Nubuwwah. The norm was that Allaah Ta`ala would grant Nubuwwah to each Nabi at the age of 40, but the two exceptions we know of were Nabi Yahya Yahya عليه السلام and Nabi `Eesa عليه السلام – both of them were granted Nubuwwah when they were still children.
When Imaam ibn Katheer explains the meaning of “Take this Kitaab with Quwwah” in the Aayah, he says: “Learn this Kitaab (the Tawraah) with Quwwah, i.e. with Jidd (seriousness, resolve and determination), Hirs (zeal) and Ijtihaad (hard work).”
Imaam al-Baydhaawi رحمةالله عليه explains “bi-Quwwah” in his Tafseer, saying: “Take the Kitaab with Quwwah, i.e. with Jidd (seriousness, resolution, determination) and by strongly memorising it with the Tawfeeq (which We shall grant you).”
Thus, Nabi Yahya عليه السلام was also commanded to commit the Tawrah to memory, and this too he did “bi-Quwwah” (powerfully).
Hadhrat `Abdullaah ibn al-Mubaarak رحمةالله عليه narrates from Ma`mar, who said: The children used to say to Nabi Yahya ibn Zakariyyaa عليه السلام: “Come and play with us.” He would say: “I was not created to play.” For this reason Allah Ta`ala revealed:
“And We granted him Al-Hukm (Nubuwwah) when he was a child.”
Allah Ta`ala further praises Nabi Yahyaa عليه السلام, saying:
“And (We granted him the quality of) compassion (towards others) from Ourselves (and We granted him) purity (therefore he never committed any sins). And he was always a Taqi (person of great Taqwa).” [Surah Maryam, 19:13]
From the Tafseer of all of these Aayaat, we come to know that the meanings of “Take this Kitaab with Quwwah” are:
1) To learn it thoroughly. The Salaf used to say that when it comes to `Ilm, if you do not give it your all, it will give you nothing. Thus, for a person to “take the Qur’aan with Quwwah” means he must first of all devote his time and exhaust his efforts in properly acquiring `Ilm (Knowledge) of this Qur’aan. The kind of three-day “Tafseer workshops” prevalent nowadays do not count as learning the Qur’aan. People attend such “seminars” and “workshops” and come out knowing nothing. `Ilm of Deen is not acquired in two or three days. The person has to devote his life to `Ilm. `Ilm is إلى اللحد من ال عهد “from the cradle to the grave”. These “workshops” are a travesty and a satanic mockery of the Qur’aan and the Deen.
Most of the graduates of the Darul Ulooms these days are lacking in this very first quality. During their student days they do not pay attention to their lessons, they do not do mutaala`ah, they take the study of Deen “lightly” and thus they emerge from the Darul Ulooms as “graduate” devoid of `Ilm and Tafaqquh of Deen. For this reason they are incapable of adequately refuting any of the numerous Baatil groups in the world today. If they even get into a debate with a Shia Kaafir, they are dumbstruck, whereas, if you have studied the Deen properly, there is no Kaafir on the surface of the earth who can silence you, because the Haqq will always defeat Baatil.
2) By memorising it. The Fadhaa’il (virtues) of memorising the Qur’aan Kareem and the Ahaadeeth are well-known.
3) When it comes to the Qur’aan Kareem and `Ilm of Deen, the Taalib-e-`Ilm should have a serious attitude and should not take it lightly. The Deen is not to be taken as a joke. If this person does not cultivate within himself the qualities of `Azm (strong resolve) and Istiqaamah (constancy), he will fail.
Imaam ibn Shihaab az-Zuhri رحمة الله عليه said:
“Whoever seeks to acquire `Ilm all at once will lose it all at once; `Ilm is acquired over days and nights.”
The serious attitude the Taalib-e-`Ilm should have is not only with regards to studying the Deen, but also with regards to acting upon it and defending it. The `Ulama are supposed to be Islaam’s “shield for the flak”. They are supposed to be the defenders of the Deen. Thus, it is necessary that they be powerful in their defence of the Deen.
These days, unfortunately, the Ulama (of Soo) are the first to sell out the Deen, the first to grovel at the feet of the Kuffaar, the first to twist the Qur’aan and Ahaadeeth, the first to reject aspects of Islaam which the Kuffaar are not pleased with, the first to cower and tremble when the Kuffaar make any threats. As a result of this weak, feeble, deluded sell-out attitude of the “scholars” of today, the ones who have become “Tujjaar-ud-Deen” (people who sell the Deen to make money), the people have lost their respect for the Ulama. With many of the “Ulama” today, their purpose of becoming an “Aalim” is to learn how to please America and the allies of America. They become a “scholar” for the sake of the Kuffaar. They have made it their goal in life to undermine the Deen. Daily they attempt to break down the edifice of Islam, one brick at a time.
The `Ulama of the past died for “Laa Ilaaha Illallaah” and the Ulama of today eat bread with it.
4) Carrying out all of the commandments of the Shari`ah and abstaining from all of the prohibitions.
A Muslim must live his entire life “in the Shade of the Qur’aan”. His life must be governed by the Qur’aan Kareem and be in conformity with the Sunnah of Rasoolullaah ﷺ. The purpose of acquiring `Ilm is to act on it.
In the Battle of Yamaamah which Sahaabah-e-Kiraam fought against Musaylamah al-Kadh’dhaab, Hadhrat Saalim Mowlaa Abi Huzaifah رضى الله عنه had been placed in charge of the right flank of the army. The Muhaajireen came to him and said, “O Saalim, we fear that the Muslims may be overtaken from your side.”
Hadhrat Saalim رضى الله عنه said:
“What a terrible Haamil-ul-Qur’aan (Carrier of the Qur’aan) I will be if you are overtaken from my side!”
Hadhrat Saalim رضى الله عنه then fought the Kuffaar until his left arm – which had been holding the flag – was cut off. He picked up the flag with his right hand, and that arm too was cut off and he fell to the ground, the flag falling down as well.
Moments prior to him passing away, Hadhrat `Abdullaah ibn `Umar رضى الله عنه heard him reciting the Aayah:
“And how many a Nabi (from amongst the Ambiya) fought and along with him (fought) many pious men, learned (in Deen). Never did they lose heart over what befell them in the Path of Allaah. Never did they weaken or surrender themselves, and Allah loves those who have Sabr.” [Surah Aal-e-`Imraan, 3:146]
Thereafter, he became Shaheed.
This is “taking the Kitaab with Quwwah”.
In this battle, Hadhrat Abu Huzaifah called out to the Huffaaz who were present, saying:
“O People of the Qur’aan! Beautify the Qur’aan with your actions.”
These days, people feel that the Qur’aan was revealed simply to be “sung”. They will organise “Jalsahs” to have some beardless, Faasiq “Qaari” who is a “Taajir-ud-Deen” (someone who has sold the Deen for a measly price) come to the Masjid and recite, and the Molvis who organise these events tell the Musallis, “It is important for us to attend, to establish a connection with the Qur’aan.”
To them, the extent of “establishing a connection with the Qur’aan” is to sit in a Masjid listening to some Qaari (who has to be paid afterwards) recite, and thereafter having a feast.
In this battle, Hadhrat Abu Huzaifah says to them, “Beautify the Qur’aan with your actions.”
More important than to beautify the Qur’aan simply with your voice is to beautify it with your a`maal.
There is a preponderance of Qurraa’ nowadays but the Qur’aan has no place – for most of them – in their practical life. It is simply to be “sung” in order to receive payments and gifts, and some recite simply for women to listen to them. Ikhlaas has disappeared from the Dunyaa.
5) To teach and convey the entire Deen, not a partial Deen, or a “watered down” Deen.
Allah Ta`ala says to Rasulullaah ﷺ in the Qur’aan Kareem:
“O Rasul ﷺ, convey everything that has been revealed to you from your Rabb (and do not fear the reaction of the Kuffaar). If you do not do so (if you hide something), then you have not conveyed His Risaalah (Message). Allaah will protect you from the people. Surely, Allaah does not guide the nation of Kaafireen.” [Surah al-Maa’idah, 5:67]
The particle used in this Aayah, “ما“ gives the meaning of “everything”. Everything that Allaah Ta`aalaa had revealed, Rasoolullaah ﷺ was to convey to the people, without omitting a single thing and without fearing anyone.
ولا يخافون لومة لائم
“They do not fear (for the Pleasure of Allaah) the blame of any blamer.” [Qur’aan]
The majority of Ulama today fail to carry out this Command of Allaah Ta`ala. They convey parts of the Deen and conceal other parts. This is known as “Kitmaan-ul-Haqq” and is Haraam. Severe warnings have been sounded against those who conceal the Haqq. Worse than this are those who not only conceal the Haqq, but they also propagate Baatil. They twist clear Aayaat and Ahadeeth from the meanings intended by Allah Ta`ala and Rasulullaah ﷺ, interpreting them away in a manner which they think their Kuffaar masters will be pleased with.
There are so-called “Ulama” (in reality, Kaafirs) in America who have issued a “Fatwa” that certain Surahs of the Qur’aan must not even be recited in Salaah – Surahs such as Surah al-Anfaal, Surah at-Tawbah, etc. According to them, even in Salaah these Surahs must not be recited.
فإلى الله المشتكى وهو المستعان
Any “Aalim” who is propagating a “partial” or “diluted” Deen is not conveying the Deen at all. This Deen of Allaah Ta`ala is not a game to be played with. The Fardh duty of the `Ulama is to convey the entire Deen as revealed by Allaah Ta`aalaa, not to change it or dilute it. Let alone being the “Defenders of the Deen”, the Ulama of today have become the “Destroyers of the Deen”.
If a person is not conveying the entire Deen, then he has not “taken this Kitaab (Qur’aan) with Quwwah”. Instead, he has taken this Kitaab (Qur’aan) and sold it.
اللهم أرنا الحق حقا وارزقنا اتباعه وأرنا الباطل باطلا وارزقنا اجتنابه
آمين يا العالمين
والله تعالى أعلم و علمه أتم و أحكم