Tag Archives: Partnership in Qurbani Animal

Are there 10 Shares in a Camel for Udhiyah/Qurbani??

By Maulana Ilyas Ghumman

Partnership in Qurbani

If the qurbani animal is a camel, cow or buffalo, then seven individuals can share such an animal.

عَنْ جَابِرٍ رضی اللہ عنہ قَالَ خَرَجْنَا مَعَ رَسُولِ اللّٰہِ صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم مُھِلِّیْنَ بِالْحَجِّ فَاَمَرَنَا رَسُوْلَ اللّٰہِ صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم اَنْ نَّشْتَرِکَ فِی الْاِبِلِ وَالْبَقَرِ کُلُّ سَبْعَۃٍ مِّنَّا فِیْ بَدَنَۃٍ. [صحیح مسلم:ج1،ص424 باب جواز الاشتراک الخ]

Sayyiduna Jabir (Radhiyallahu Anhu) narrates: We had donned our Ihram for Hajj with the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alayhi wasallam) when he (Sallallahu alayhi wasallam) ordered us to share each camel and each cow among seven people.

عَنْ جَابِرٍ رضی اللہ عنہ قَالَ نَحَرْنَا مَعَ رَسُوْلِ اللّٰہِ صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم عَامَ الْحُدَیْبِیَۃِ اَلْبَدَنَۃَ عَنْ سَبْعَۃٍ وَالْبَقَرَ عَنْ سَبْعَۃٍ. [صحیح مسلم ج1ص424 باب جواز الاشتراک الخ]

Sayyiduna Jabir (Radhiyallahu Anhu) narrates that we offered our qurbani with the Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu alayhi wasallam) in the year of Hudaybiya. One camel was offered for qurbani on behalf of seven people and one cow was also offered by seven individuals.

The Claim that a Camel has 10 Shares for Qurbani

Some people claim that a camel for qurbani can be shared by ten individuals. They quote the narration of Sayyiduna Ibn Abbas (Radhiyallahu anhu) where he said, “We were on a trip with the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alayhi wasallam) when Eid al-Adha arrived. So, seven people shared one cow, and ten people shared one camel.”  [سنن الترمذي ج1ص276 باب ما جاء ان الشاۃ الواحدۃ تجزی عن اھل البیت]

The reply to this claim:

We do not act upon this narration, rather we act upon the narration of Sayyiduna Jabir (Radhiyallahu Anhu) which mentions that seven people shared a camel. The reason behind this is because the Companions of the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alayhi wasallam) used to act upon this narration of seven people per camel.

Imam Tirmidhi (Rahimahullah), under the narration of Jabir (Radhiyallahu Anhu) (of seven people per camel), writes:

والعمل على هذا عند أهل العلم من أصحاب النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم وغيرهم.  [سنن الترمذي ج1ص276 باب ما جاء ان الشاۃ الواحدۃ تجزی عن اھل البیت]

The scholars from among the Companions of the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alayhi wasallam) used to act upon this narration. [Sunan Tirmidhi]

And the rule is that:

إِذَا تَنَازَعَ الْخَبَرَانِ عَنْ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم نُظِرَ إِلَى مَا عَمِلَ بِهِ أَصْحَابُهُ مِنْ بَعْدِهِ. [سنن ابی داؤد: باب لحم الصید للمحرم، باب من لا یقطع الصلوۃ شئی]

Whenever there are two narrations from the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alayhi wasallam) where they seem to be contrary to each other, then we will adopt the narration which the Companions of the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alayhi wasallam) act upon. [Sunan Abi’ Dawud]

The scholars of hadith have mentioned that the narration of Ibn Abbas (Radhiyallahu anhu) is mansukh (abrogated) and the narration of Jabir (Radhiyallahu Anhu) is the nasikh (abrogator).

Imam Nawawi (Rahimahullah), in his book Sharh Muslim under the chapter of ablution, writes:

وهذه عادة مسلم وغيره من أئمة الحديث يذكرون الاحاديث التي يرونها منسوخة ثم يعقبونها بالناسخ. [شرح النووی علی صحیح مسلم: ج1ص156 باب الوضوء مما مست النار]

It is a common practice of Imam Muslim and other hadith scholars that in their books, they first mention those narrations that are mansukh (abrogated) and then they mention the narrations that are nasikh (abrogators). [Sharh Muslim an-Nawawi]

Imam Tirmidhi also followed this practice and thus he recorded the narration of Ibn Abbas (Radhiyallahu anhu) first and then he recorded the narration of Jabir (Radhiyallahu anhu) in his book.

The narration of Jabir (Radhiyallahu anhu) is a “qawli” hadith while the narration of Ibn Abbas (Radhiyallahu Anhu) is “fe’li” hadith. And the rule is that qawli hadith is given preference over fe’li hadith. And in this case the narration of Jabir (Radhiyallahu Anhu) is both a “qawli” and a “fe’li” hadith.