“Say not ‘Trinity:’ desist: It will be better for you. For God is One God.” – [Holy Qur’an 4:171]
Let’s do something very simple. I will quote to you verbatim from the Athanasian Creed concerning the Trinity and every time you see “God” or “Person” make a mental check mark and then total them. It reads: “The Father is God, the Son is God, the Holy Ghost is God…the Father is a Person, the Son is a Person, the Holy Ghost is a Person.” How many check marks did you get?? Anyone who can count at a first-grade level should have gotten six. Three for “God” and three for “Person.” The Creed continues: “and yet they are not three Gods but one God…and yet they are not three Persons but one Person.” The Creed further states: “We worship one God in Trinity, and Trinity in Unity.” Does anyone speak English here?? Have words lost their meanings?? In this chapter we will examine this doctrine of the “triune” god and expose it as an obvious fabrication perpetrated by the Hellenistic Pauline gentile Church.
What the Trinity is
As Muslims it is tremendously important for us to have accurate knowledge as to what exactly the Trinitarian belief entails. Christians very often charge us with propagating false information regarding this dogma. You may hear an apologist say, “Muslims believe that we worship three gods and that we have left the monotheistic tradition.” Remind your Christian acquaintance, “It’s not that we believe you worship three gods, we understand your claim to monotheism, we are simply not buying it.”
The Trinity teaches that there is only one essential being or nature, but that this nature is manifested into three separate and distinct personalities, namely the Father, the Word (Son), and the Holy Ghost (Spirit). Although the Father is greater than the Son and the Holy Ghost is His office or person, their essential natures are co-equal, co-eternal, co-substantial, and completely inseparable. Therefore, where the Father is in essence so are the Son and Holy Ghost. You can think of this in terms of a triangle: At the three points are the three persons, labeled “Father, Son, and Holy Ghost.” These are the three “Who’s.” Now imagine an arrow starting from the inside of each corner and pointing inward toward the middle. The middle can be labeled “God.” This is the one “What.” Therefore, the Father is not the Son nor is he the Holy Ghost, but they are all God.
The triune god cannot be divided in his spirit. Christians who know something about their beliefs will agree with you on this, lest you charge them with tritheism. This leads us to an interesting question: If Jesus (the Son) is inseparable from the Father in his nature/spirit/essence, then when Jesus died on the cross as Christians claim, the Father as well as the Holy Ghost must have also died along with him. The Christian will rebut, “No, Jesus died as God in his person, not is his essence.” Jack T. Chick writes frequently in his Christian propagandist literature the refrain, “The Creator allowed Himself to be murdered by men.” If Jesus does not die as both God and man, then there is no atonement for sin.
Geisler and Saleeb state: “Only if one and the same person, who is God and man, dies on the cross for our sin can we be saved. For unless Jesus is both God and man he cannot reconcile God and man” (page 268). Despite having a divine nature as God, Jesus also has a human nature as man. Geisler explains this dualism: “Did Christ die? In his human nature, he did die. But in his divine nature he did not die. The person who died was the Godman, but his Godness did not die.” Confused yet?? It is little wonder why nearly all Christian apologists who have tried to explain the Trinity find themselves reduced to drawing triangles and scribbling grade-school level equations. So to recap: Christ died as God in his person, he died as man in his nature, but not as God in his nature. In other words, he was two-thirds dead, but the one-third that really counted, the divine nature, survived and resurrected him on the third day. Therefore, Jesus has the unique honor of being of two natures, God and man in one person.
The person of Jesus however, is not divine but human, flesh and blood in all respects. Viewed logically, it is the nature of God, His Spirit, within that person that makes him (Jesus) divine. It is the infinite within the finite that makes the latter God-incarnate. Let’s not forget that “God is a Spirit: and they that worship him must worship him in spirit and in truth” (John 4:24), not in form, shape, size, flesh, or blood. Christians, however, do not believe that God died in his nature on the cross, only the person of God that was Jesus. Certainly God was not killed because He resurrected Jesus (the man) while he lay dead in his tomb and according to Christianity, Jesus resurrected himself. Thus to say that Jesus died as the “Godman” but his “Godness” did not die is to abandon logical consistency as to the manner of his death. What made Jesus human??…his nature as man. What made him God??…his nature as deity. Therefore, in order for him to reconcile God and man he must die in both natures. If one of them survives then this cannot be accomplished. Dying as God in person would be impossible since it was only his divine nature that made him God, and it survived according to Christianity. Would it then be possible for the person of Jesus to die but have his nature as man survive?? Certainly not. He must die equally for redemption. Therefore, the Christians deceptively claim that perhaps what Jesus meant when he cried on the cross: “My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me” (Mark 15:34)? Basically saying, “Why have you abandoned me to die as a man?” So unless Jesus died in his divine nature (Godness) there is no atonement of sin. If a Christian should admit that Jesus did in fact die in his divine nature as well as his human nature, then respond by saying that the Father and Holy Spirit must have died as well because all three persons of the Trinity are inseparable in their nature as God according to the Trinitarian Creeds. Ask him, “Who ruled and maintained the heavens and the earth when ‘God’ lay dead in His tomb for three days??”
A basic example: If the nature of a dog incarnated into a cat, who would you say the animal really (essentially) is? Answer: A dog…even though he is in the person of a cat. Therefore, our nature dictates who we really are. If the person of the cat was killed by a passing truck but somehow his dog nature survived, can you say that the cat died as dog? No, he only died as a feline. How could the cat die as dog without his canine nature dying that made him dog in the first place?? He can’t!
A Christian might explain to you that truth is not always simple. In fact, it can be extremely complex. You do not have to disagree with him here. Explain to him that the Essence of God’s absolute Unity is something that Muslims believe is extremely complex and mysterious, however the concept of God in Islam is not a difficult thing to grasp. It can be summed up in literally four verses: “Say: He is Allah, the One and Only; Allah, the Eternal, Absolute; He begetteth not, nor is He begotten; And there is none like unto Him” (Qur’an 112:1-4). The Christian concept of God as 1+1+1 = 3 cannot be grasped, even by the likes of Einstein. Can God be the creator of such a concept?? No, because “God is not the author of confusion” (I Corinthians 14:33). But what about 1x1x1? Doesn’t that equal one?? Yes, but so does one to the fourth, fifth, or fiftieth power, so why stop at three persons of God when you can have a million! 1/1/1 = 1 also. Can God be divided??
What the Trinity is not
Christians charge the Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) as one who denounced an incorrect concept of the Christian Trinity because Allah has said: “And behold! Allah will say: ‘O Jesus the son of Mary! Didst thou say unto men, worship me and my mother as gods in derogation of Allah?’ He will say: ‘Glory to Thee! never could I say what I had no right (to say). Had I said such a thing, thou wouldst indeed have known it. Thou knowest what is in my heart, Thou I know not what is in Thine. For Thou knowest in full all that is hidden’” (Qur’an 5:116). Christian authors claim that the Prophet believed the Trinity to consist of somewhat of a “holy family,” Father, Son, and Mother. Looking at the verse a little closer, however, reveals that this assertion is completely incorrect and unfounded. The words “in derogation of Allah” translated from the Arabic “min du-nillah,” does not correspond to a sense that complements, but rather antagonizes. In essence, God is asking Jesus if he ever told his followers that he or his mother were gods other than Allah. Certainly no Christian will ever concede that there are three gods, but only one God in three persons. This verse has nothing to do with the Trinity; it is dealing with the deification of Jesus and Mary.
Was Mary ever deified though? There were actually sects of Christianity at the time of Prophet Muhammad called the Miriamites and Choloridians who worshipped Mary as a mother-goddess much like the cult of Isis did in Greco-Roman times. Also, mention the word “Catholic” and you will see your born-again accuser blush. The Catholic will answer that he only uses Mary as an intermediary, not as an object of worship. Explain to him the Muslim concept of shirk, or false deification. According to Islam, worship is a direct contact between the worshipper and God. Invoking God through a creature, no matter how saintly he or she might have been, would make us no better than the Israelites and their golden calf or the Quraysh with their stone statues. Paul tells us: “Professing themselves to be wise, they became fools, and changed the glory of the incorruptible God into an image made like to corruptible man, and to birds, and fourfooted beasts, and creeping things. Wherefore God also gave them up to uncleanness through the lusts of their own hearts, to dishonour their own bodies between themselves: Who changed the truth of God into a lie, and worshipped and served the creature more than the Creator, who is blessed for ever. Amen” (Romans 1:22-25). Although Paul is actually offering a cause of the rampant homosexuality in Roman culture, he unwittingly lets the cat out of the bag. Worshipping man and serving him, which is exactly what Christians intend with Jesus, is foolish behavior. If you say, “Hail Mary, full of grace, the Lord is with thee. Blessed art thou amongst women, and blessed is the fruit of thy womb Jesus. Hail Mary, mother of God…,” you are a fool! – Not my word, but Paul’s.
Keep these words of Paul in mind: “changed the glory of the incorruptible God into an image made like to corruptible man.” Now listen to what he says about Jesus in Colossians 1:15: “He (Christ, a man) is the image of the invisible God.” Can you say hypocrisy?? Jesus is the “Word of God” Many Muslim authors have drawn erroneous analogies between the Qur’an and the Christian Jesus. They have said that since both are uncreated, imperishable, and an expression of the divine, they can be thought of as identical. Make sure that when you say Jesus is the “Word of God,” you explain him not as Kalaamullah, the Word (Literal Speech) of God which is the Qur’an, but rather Kallimatullah, a word from God. The creation of Jesus was purely an act of divine Will that resulted from God’s command for a thing to come into existence. “When He hath decreed a plan, He but saith to it, ‘Be,’ and it is” (Qur’an 3:47).
A Christian may say, “You believe that the Qur’an is uncreated and eternal, well, we feel the same about Jesus. You say that there are two eternal and uncreated things, the Qur’an and God, and we say there are three uncreated and eternal persons, the Father, Son, and Holy Ghost. Yet you call me an idolater and accuse me of worshipping three gods. Do you worship two gods then?” Obviously, we do not worship the Qur’an and we never will. But why not?? Is it not the speech of God?? Sure it is. Speech, however, is not a “separate and distinct personality” of God but rather an attribute or reflection of Him that cannot be separated. God’s attribute of Mercy (Rahma) is certainly never detached from Him and is also uncreated. His eternal Word is precisely identical. The Christian believes that God is in three persons and that Jesus, the revelation of God, is a person or entity in his own right. The Qur’an, however, is a revelation of God’s only person. There is no plurality in God’s holy person whatsoever. Besides, is Jesus really uncreated?? Paul calls him “the firstborn of all creation” in Colossians 1:15.
There are a total of ninety-nine attributes that Allah, most Exalted, has revealed to us in the Qur’an. The Qur’an itself embodies many of these attributes and is frequently referred to as “Light,” “Truth,” and “Mercy.” These ninety-nine attributes are reflections of the one essence of God that help us to understand His Will and to develop and maintain a relationship with Him by familiarizing ourselves with him personally. For example, you may think that you are merciful or loving, yet Allah is infinitely more merciful and loving as He is called al-Rahman and al-Wadud, the most Merciful and most Loving, respectively.
Is the Trinity Biblical??
Fact: The word “Trinity” appears absolutely nowhere in the Bible in any way, shape, or form. What do I mean by “way, shape, or form??” Remember, the word Trinity is a description of a concept, that of the triune god. If the Bible should say that there are three and that these three are one, then this would suffice as evidence that the Trinity is Biblical. The exact word “Trinity” does not need to be spelled out. If a Christian who thinks himself clever should say, “The word ‘Tawhid’ is nowhere in the Qur’an,” correct him joyfully. The term “Tawhid,” meaning “oneness,” is Semitic (Arabic), and like all Semitic words it is derived from a tri-literal root word. In this case it is wahid (whd). The word wahid denoting an absolute unity is used many times in the Qur’an as one of the Holy attributes of the Almighty. Here’s an example:
“O People of the Book! Commit no excesses in your religion: Nor say of Allah aught but the truth. Christ Jesus the son of Mary was (no more than) a messenger of Allah, and His Word, which He bestowed on Mary, and a spirit proceeding from Him: so believe in Allah and His messengers. Say not ‘Trinity’ : desist: it will be better for you: for Allah is one God: Glory be to Him: (far exalted is He) above having a son. To Him belong all things in the heavens and on earth. And enough is Allah as a Disposer of affairs” (Qur’an 4:171).
Not only is the concept of Tawhid mentioned and glorified in this verse, the belief in Trinity is explicitly rejected as well.
What about 1 John 5:7? It reads: “For there are three that bear record in heaven, the Father, the Word, and the Holy Ghost: and these three are one.” This appears only in the KJV & NKJV of the Bible and has been unceremoniously expunged from all other modern translations. Here’s how it looks in the Revised English Bible: “7-8) In fact there are three witnesses, the Spirit, the water, and the blood, and these three are in agreement.” Notice the verse number “7-8?” This is actually verse 8 in the KJV! The commentary reads (emphasis mine):
7-8: An ancient trinitarian formula (which identifies “Father, Word, and Spirit” as “heavenly witnesses”) was a gloss inserted into this passage in some Latin versions. Harris states that there have been numerous New Testament modifications done over the years. On page 20 he lists a few, the last one is of special interest to us (emphasis mine)
No two ancient Greek manuscripts of the New Testament are precisely alike. Although most differences in the texts were probably caused by unintentional errors in copying, some textual variations seem to result from deliberate changes, many of which may have been motivated by theological considerations. A few of the oldest manuscripts, including the Codex Sinaiticus, do not contain the phrase “son of God” in Mark 1:1, leading some scholars to think that the phrase was inserted at the beginning of the Gospel to refute a belief that Jesus became God’s adopted son at his baptism…Similar concerns about an orthodox understanding of Jesus’ origins apparently influenced manuscript changes in Luke’s story of the youthful Jesus’ being left behind in the Temple. Mary’s reprimand to the child, “your father and I have been anxiously searching for you,” was, in some manuscripts, changed to “we have been searching for you” (Luke 2:48; emphasis Harris’), ostensibly to avoid any implication that Joseph was Jesus’ father. A theological belief in Jesus’ omniscience may have prompted deletion of references to “the Son” from some copies of Matthew’s statement that “about that day and hour [of the End] no one knows,…not even the Son; no one but the Father alone” (24:36) …Perhaps the most striking New Testament interpolation appears in very late manuscripts of 1 John 5:7-8, where a scribe inserted the Bible’s only explicit reference to the Christian doctrine of the Trinity, asserting that God exists in three persons and that “these three are one.” This trinitarian statement occurs in no manuscript prior to the fourteenth century.
An interpolation?? How can such a verse find it’s way into the Word of the Almighty?? Does He not care to preserve His Word?? Let Allah, the Knower of all things open and secret describe such scriptural guile: “There is among them a section who distort the Book with their tongues: As they read you would think it is a part of the Book, but it is no part of the Book; and they say, ‘That is from God,’ but it is not from God: It is they who tell a lie against God, and (well) they know it” (Qur’an 3:78) .
Jesus as sacrifice
As we have observed, Jesus can only reconcile humanity if his nature as God died exactly as his nature as man died. Christians will also try to convince you that Jesus sacrificed his life for our transgressions, but did he really?? What does it mean to sacrifice your life?? This reminds me of a story I heard about one of the Nazi death camps that housed many of the European Jews during the 1st World War. A piece of bread or fish or something had been stolen or misplaced from one of the storehouses that the Germans used to feed the Jewish laborers. All of the men in that section of the camp were ordered to stand in a straight line before a firing squad. The Nazi officer told the men that unless someone confessed of the crime, all of them would be shot dead. No one said a word. The officer began counting backwards from five and before he reached one, an old man stepped in front of the others to single himself out. The officer walked casually over to him and without a second of hesitation, shot the man in the face. The others were ordered to carry on with their work. Was he guilty or innocent? We will never know. The point is he sacrificed his life for the sake of others. This means that he lost his life and it was never returned.
Another, less dramatic example: A rich man sees an old beggar on the street and feels compassion for him to the point that he decides to give the beggar all of the money in his wallet. It was a total of $500.00. He gave the beggar the money with the understanding that it was not a loan, the beggar did not have to pay him back.
Let’s relate the above two examples to the Christian Jesus. In the first case, the old man gave up his life and did not expect to survive or to have it returned to him. This is what it means to sacrifice, or to “give up” something. Jesus on the other hand, was given his life back by himself(?), after three days in the tomb. What did he really sacrifice then,? Three days?? If the old man in our example suddenly stands up from where he was shot and discovers that the bullet only grazed his head and knocked him unconscious for three days, did he really give up his life for the other prisoners?? He might have had that intention but that was not the reality. If the Christian Jesus was truly a “sacrificial lamb sent to the slaughter” then he should have stayed dead.
In the case of the rich man and the beggar, the rich man freely gave out of the mercy in his heart. Obviously, the rich man has thousands of dollars in the bank, but that particular $500.00 he will never see again. John 3:16 states: “For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten son…,” yet the only begotten son was returned to God three days later and in an exalted and glorified form! Paul tells us: “And being found in fashion as a man, he humbled himself, and became obedient unto death, even the death of the cross. Wherefore God also hath highly exalted him, and given him a name which is above every name” (Philippians 2:8-9). Luke also says: “The God of our fathers raised up Jesus, whom ye slew and hanged on a tree. Him hath God exalted with his right hand [to be] a Prince and a Saviour, for to give repentance to Israel, and forgiveness of sins” (Acts 5:30-31). This would be equivalent to the beggar giving the rich man back his $500.00 three days later, with interest!.
Mark 12:29 – The Lord is One
The Trinity is central to Christian belief yet it is never clearly found or defined within the pages of the Bible. Why would God decide to veil this sacred knowledge of Himself for thousands of years from the ancient Hebrew prophets and still not make it crystal clear in His New Testament that such a concept exists?? When it comes to theology, the Christian scriptures must be unequivocal. Certainly the Qur’an and Hebrew Bible stand in stark contrast to the twenty-seven books of the New Testament in this respect. By saying, “It is written…,” Jesus uses textual support from scripture in Matthew 4:4, 7 to chase away Satan while he (Jesus) was fasting in the desert for forty days. So what is written about the concept of God?? Indeed God revealed to Moses [Musa alayhissalaam] the holy Shema in the Old Testament: “Hear, O Israel: The Lord our God [is] one Lord” (Deuteronomy 6:4). The verse transliterated from Hebrew reads: Shema yisra’ale adonai eloheynu, adonai echad.
We are told in the Gospel of Mark of an exchange between a scribe and Jesus [‘Eesa alayhissalaam]: “And one of the scribes came, and having heard them reasoning together, and perceiving that he had answered them well, asked him, which is the first commandment of all? And Jesus answered him, The first of all the commandments [is], Hear, O Israel; The Lord our God is one Lord” (Mark 12:28-29). Now if Jesus were sent here to preach that he, the Father, and the Holy Ghost are of one co-equal nature, then this would have been the perfect time for him to expound, even implicitly, upon this newly revealed doctrine. Yet Jesus [‘Eesa alayhissalaam] does nothing of the sort. He actually quotes Deuteronomy 6:4 verbatim to drive the point home that the theology he is preaching is exactly the same as the theology that Moses [Musa alayhissalaam] preached. Any reasonable Christian will agree that Moses [Musa alayhissalaam] did not worship God in three persons.
Obviously Jesus did not utter these words in Greek as the New Testament records them. He actually said, “Shema yisra’ale adonai eloheynu, adonai echad.” The word used by both Moses and Jesus for “one” is the Hebrew “echad” which is exactly the same word Allah reveals in the Qur’an in Chapter 112:1: “Say: He is God, the One and Only (ahad)!” What exactly does “ahad (echad)” mean? It means that there is nothing comparable unto God whatsoever. Whatever our petty little minds can possibly conjure up as being the Almighty can never be Him who is beyond our scope of human comprehension. The Prophet Isaiah said it perfectly: “To whom then will ye liken God? or what likeness will ye compare unto him” (Isaiah 40:18)? The Christian, however, is in an extremely pitiful state of affairs when he affirms that God is echad but still maintains that Jesus is Him in the flesh. Such an utterance stands in direct contradiction to Jesus himself. Explain to him that we can certainly imagine what a physical Jesus looked like in person. After he has the image locked in his mind exclaim, “that is not God!”
A Christian may bring up the fact that God uses the word echad in Genesis 2:24 to describe the “coming together” of Adam and Eve in the garden. “Therefore,” he will shout, “there is allowance for dualism and even pluralism in the Hebrew word.” Remind him that he must look at the context to determine the proper meaning. In reference to Adam and Eve, they’re coming together as one (echad) flesh is used as a symbol of their union. It should also be noted that the Hebrew word for one numerically is also echad. When used in reference to God, however, the word takes on a meaning that denotes uniqueness and incomparability, as this is exactly what the Arabic translates to. This is also what the Jews at the time of Jesus would have understood the meaning to be. If Jesus wanted to teach plurality within the godhead he would have said, “Hear, O Israel; The Lord our God is three in one.” By him not doing so lends credence to the fact that Jesus allowed the Jews to understand him in exactly the same way in which they understood Moses. If Jesus was truly sent to reveal God in three persons, for him to quote the sacred Shema within the presence of the scribes and Pharisees is not only inappropriate, but also viciously deceptive.
The scribe responds to Jesus’ answer: “Well, Master, thou hast said the truth: for there is one God; and there is none other but he (and beside Him there is no other, Revised English Bible)” (Mark 12:32). There is nothing else equal to the One and Only God! This comment is added by the scribe to stress the significance of echad.
Man or God???
Due to the dual nature of Jesus in Christianity, Christians justify Gospel verses where Jesus expresses a very human element by saying, “he is speaking and acting as a man.” The Muslim will have to agree. Yet when we try to reason with them concerning verses in which they allege that Jesus is claiming divinity, they reply, “he is speaking as God!” This identity crisis provides the Christians with a full proof way of dodging questions concerning Jesus’ humanity. The Christians have no qualms about labeling their “God” a schizophrenic. For instance, Strobel tells us: “When Jesus does something that’s a reflection of him being God, that’s ascribed to Christ’s deity. When there’s something reflecting his limitations or finiteness or his humanness – for example, his tears; does God cry? – that’s ascribed to his humanity.” Here are some verses that demonstrate both natures of Jesus.
Jesus as man
a) Jesus cried like a man. (This is the shortest verse in all of the Christian Bible).
“Jesus wept.” – John 11:35.
b) Jesus hungered like a man. “Now in the morning as he returned into the city, he hungered.” – Matthew 21:18. c)
c) Jesus did not know the seasons, like a man. “And seeing a fig tree afar off having leaves, he came, if haply he might find any thing thereon: and when he came to it, he found nothing but leaves; for the time of figs was not [yet].” – Mark 11:13. Also see Matthew 21:19 & Luke 13:6. d)
d) Jesus did not know the Day of Judgment, like a man . “But of that day and [that] hour knoweth no man, no, not the angels which are in heaven, neither the Son, but the Father.” – Mark 13:32. Also see Matthew 24:36.
e) Jesus can do nothing by himself and seeks his Father’s Will, like a man. “I can of mine own self do nothing: as I hear, I judge: and my judgment is just; because I seek not mine own will, but the will of the Father which hath sent me.” – John 5:30.
“For I came down from heaven, not to do mine own will, but the will of him that sent me.” – John 6:38.
f) Jesus is subordinate to his Father, like a man. “Ye have heard how I said unto you, I go away, and come [again] unto you. If ye loved me, ye would rejoice, because I said, I go unto the Father: for my Father is greater than I.” – John 14:28.
g) Jesus prayed to his Father like a man. “And he went a little further, and fell on his face, and prayed, saying, O my Father, if it be possible, let this cup pass from me: nevertheless not as I will, but as thou [wilt].” – Matthew 26:39. Also see Mark 14:35 & Luke 22:41.
h) Jesus was born like a man. “Then Joseph being raised from sleep did as the angel of the Lord had bidden him, and took unto him his wife: And knew her not till she had brought forth her firstborn son: and he called his name Jesus.” – Matthew 1:24-25.
Jesus as God (as Christians allege(
a) Jesus can amend the Sabbath as God. “For the Son of man is Lord even of the sabbath day.” – Matthew 12:8. Also see Mark 2:28 & Luke 6:5.
b) Jesus can forgive sins as God. “And when he saw their faith, he said unto him, Man, thy sins are forgiven thee.” – Luke 5:20. “And he said unto her, Thy sins are forgiven.” – Luke 7:48.
c) Jesus knew people’s thoughts as God. “And Jesus knowing their thoughts said, Wherefore think ye evil in your hearts?” – Matthew 9:4. “But he, knowing their thoughts, said unto them, Every kingdom divided against itself is brought to desolation; and a house [divided] against a house falleth.” – Luke 11:17.
d) Jesus claimed to be “Yahweh.” “Jesus said unto them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Before Abraham was, I am.” – John 8:58.
e) Jesus claimed equality with God . “I and [my] Father are one.” – John 10:30
f) Jesus is the only way . “Jesus saith unto him, I am the way, the truth, and the life: no man cometh unto the Father, but by me.” – John 14:6.
g) Jesus is worshipped as God “And when they saw him, they worshipped him: but some doubted.” – Matthew 28:17.
h) Jesus is all-powerful as God. “And Jesus came and spake unto them, saying, All power is given unto me in heaven and in earth.” – Matthew 28:18.
So what is the Christian answer?? McDowell makes it “easy” for us: “Jesus was the God-man. He was just as much man as if he had never been God and just as much God as if he had never been man.” Are you scratching your head yet? Okay, try this: Jesus was either a Liar, a Lunatic, or Lord! This Christian gimmick known as the “trilemma” is designed to trick Muslims into submitting that there are only three possible conclusions about the historical Jesus. He either 1) lied about who he was and deserved to die a criminal’s death or 2) was insane or possessed by a demon or 3) was the Lord God. Don’t fall victim to their sorcery, the answer is none of the above!
Strobel tells us: “The New Testament specifically confirms that Jesus ultimately possessed every qualification of deity, including omniscience, omnipresence, omnipotence, eternality, and immutability.” (page 262).
If Biblical passages point to Jesus’ deity as Christians claim, then what in the world are we to make of this man Melchisedek who was “without father, without mother, without descent, having neither beginning of days, nor end of life; but made like unto the Son of God; abideth a priest continually” (Hebrew 7:3)?? Why is he not worshipped by Christians as God??
Christian Trinity Proof
The Christian concept of Christ as Son of God is grossly anthropomorphic and Pagan. Christian apologists, in an attempt to convert unsuspecting Muslims who take issue with such a concept, are asking us to think of Jesus as the ibn of Allah, not the walad of Allah, like “ibnus-sabeel”, Ask such people if God “coming upon and overshadowing” Mary is meant to be figurative. Remind them that the Nicene Creed describing Jesus as being “begotten not made” is meant to be literal, not figurative.
Geilser and Saleeb say, “Some have pointed to the fact that Muhammad was simultaneously a prophet, a husband, and a teacher. Why then should a Muslim reject the idea of a plurality of functions (persons) of God.” Surely this comparison is false and inapplicable. The Prophet was still only one person (human) and one essence (man). The attributes or roles of Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) were as prophet, husband, and teacher, but these were not his “separate and distinct personalities.” Also, Muslims do not reject the plurality of the functions of God. The Qur’an has called Him the One who creates, destroys, gives sustenance, bestows honor, etc. Functions and persons, however, are not synonymous terms as Geisler and Saleeb would like you to believe. The God of the Qur’an is one Being who has many functions.
Christians maintain that the Father, Son, and Holy Ghost are equal in their nature but are identified by their specific roles. For example, the Father planned salvation, the Son accomplished it by the cross, and the Holy Ghost applies it to the lives of the believers. If all three are essentially equal, would it be okay to say “In the name of the Holy Ghost, the Son, and the Father?” Such a formula will cause the Christian to cringe, but why? Why should it matter? Although Christians will never admit it, they believe in a hierarchy of gods. Ask them, “When you think of the Father in heaven, what image comes into your mind?” Again, they will never admit it, but the image is very clear. Basically, they imagine a person very much like jolly old Saint Nick, sitting on a throne with the heavens as His canopy and the earth as His footstool. When you say “Son” the image of a young man in his mid-thirties with white skin and a straight nose are conjured. When you say Holy Spirit, they imagine a white dove much like the one that descended onto Jesus during his baptism. It is in the nature of primal man to make images of that which he reveres or worships. Islam has come to rescue the Christians from such a pitiful quagmire of religious deviation and bring them into the light of true guidance under the banner of God’s final and solidifying Messenger.
An error Christians make very frequently is their interpretation of the Hebrew word Elohim. They claim that since this word is plural, literally meaning “Gods” or “gods,” the plurality of the godhead is evidenced in the Hebrew scriptures. First of all, remind them that according to the orthodox definition of the Trinity, God is only one. For a Christian to say that Elohim should be taken as “gods” in the literal sense ambushes their futile claim of being monotheistic and in the tradition and spirit of Abraham. Certainly Christians don’t believe in three gods in three persons, but in only one God in three persons.
Why is this word plural? Elohim is plural because in the Semitic languages, there is a phenomenon known as the “royal plural.” The book of Genesis tells us: “And God said, Let us make man in our image” (Genesis 1:26), a verse that Christians misuse to mean that God, being in the form of a man (Jesus), decided to create Adam by modeling him after Himself. Christians often charge the Muslims with interpreting the New Testament in crooked ways in order to corroborate with Islamic belief. As it turns out, however, the accuser has become the accused. The Christians have made grievous errors in interpreting the Hebrew Bible by reading into the scripture of the Jews concepts completely alien to Judaism such as original sin, divine Sonship, the plurality of God, the divinity of the Messiah, etc. Even the Qur’an, a scripture in which a very strict monotheism is stressed, frequently reveals verses like: “We created the heavens and the earth…”; “Why do ye reject Our Signs…”; “If you are ever in doubt as to what We reveal unto Our servant…,” etc. The mutual recriminations of the People of the Book are recorded in Allah’s Word: “The Jews say: ‘The Christians have naught to stand upon;’ and the Christians say: ‘The Jews have naught to stand upon.’ Yet they (profess to) study the (same) Book. Like unto their word is what those say who know not; but Allah will judge between them in their quarrel on the Day of Judgment” (Qur’an 2:113).
Matthew 28:19 – The Great Commission
We are told in Matthew 28:19: “Go ye therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost.” Christians often cite this as an example of Jesus supporting the Trinity since he uses the Trinitarian formula “Father, Son, and Holy Ghost.” Simply mentioning these three entities, however, in no way constitutes evidence for the doctrine of the Trinity within this verse. Let’s not forget that central to the Trinitarian belief is the notion that the Father, Son, and Holy Ghost are all equal and of the same essence. If a father tells his son while the latter ships off to war, “Defend freedom in the name of your country, your father, and your God,” does this mean that they are all co-equal, co-eternal, and co-substantial?? Certainly not! Ask your Christian friend, “How is it that Jesus has gone from saying ‘God is echad’ (Mark 12:29) and ‘enter ye not into any gentile lands’(Matthew 10:5) to ‘Go into all nations and baptize’ in the name of a triune god?”
Jesus can forgive sins??
Can Jesus really forgive sins?? He certainly can, but this does not have to be a point of contention between you and the Christian. Let’s not forget that Jesus said: “I do nothing of myself; but as my Father hath taught me, I speak these things” (John 8:28). Jesus can only forgive sins because that is what God allowed him to do, very much like how God allowed him to raise the dead. This does not indicate deity however. The prophets are mediators between God and man. They speak with the authority of God, but are not God by any means.
The Prophet of Islam (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) was once approached by a man who had committed a grievous sin but rather than censuring the man and asking him to confess what he had done, the Prophet asked him an unusual question. He said, “Is your mother still living?” The man sorrowfully replied that she had died many years prior. “Do you have an aunt, your mother’s sister who still lives?” he asked again. The man answered, “Yes, I do.”
The Prophet concluded, “Go care for your aunt, make her life easy, and your sin is forgiven.” Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) spoke with the authority of God yet possessed no authority to forgive sins by himself. Also, Jesus did not just arbitrarily forgive anyone’s sins without a reason of some sort. In Luke 7:48, he forgave a woman’s sins because of the great love she had for him by anointing his feet. In Luke 5:20, he forgave a paralyzed man because he “showed great faith.” He was simply communicating to them what God had informed him of. Give praise to God, not to the man. Matthew said it best: “But that ye may know that the Son of man hath power on earth to forgive sins, (then saith he to the sick of the palsy,) Arise, take up thy bed, and go unto thine house. And he arose, and departed to his house. But when the multitudes saw [it], they marvelled, and glorified God, which had given such power unto men” (Matthew 9:6-8).
John even goes so far as to say that the disciples of Jesus can forgive the sins of men. Are they then God as well? “And when he had said this, he breathed on them, and saith unto them, Receive ye the Holy Ghost: Whose soever sins ye forgive, they are forgiven unto them; [and] whose soever sins ye retain, they are retained” (John 20:22-23).
Jesus knew the thoughts of people
Matthew writes: “And Jesus knowing their thoughts said, Wherefore think ye evil in your hearts” (Matthew 9:4)? Again, this does not make Jesus God, only sent from God. The Qur’an relates a similar type of incident with respect to the Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam): “When the Prophet disclosed a matter in confidence to one of his consorts, and she then divulged it (to another), and Allah made it known to him, he confirmed part thereof and repudiated a part. Then when he told her thereof, she said, ‘Who told thee this?’ He said, ‘He told me Who knows and is well-acquainted (with all things)’” (Qur’an 66:3). There are also numerous other examples from the sound ahadith of the Prophet in which God informs him of the hidden motives of certain people. On one such occasion, he was able to avert an assassination attempt while visiting the house of a Jewish family of Bani Nadir.
Origins of the triune god
How did all of this Trinity nonsense begin?? The New Catholic Encyclopedia tells us, “The doctrine of the Trinity is not taught in the Old Testament.” This should not be surprising to you since Jewish theology is nearly identical to that of Islam and the Muslims. According to the Illustrated Bible Dictionary, however, “The word Trinity is not found in the theology of the church till the fourth century.” It is a fact that none of the disciples ever heard of this word “Trinity” in their lifetimes. Generations of Christians would come and go over a span of three-and-a-half centuries that never knew of the triune Christian god. Here are how some of the pre-Nicene Christian scholars and theologians felt about the nature of Jesus:
a) Justin Martyr (165 CE) – Believed Jesus to be a created angel, NOT EQUAL TO GOD.
b) Irenaeus (200 CE) – Believed Jesus to be inferior to “the one true and only God,” and NOT EQUAL TO GOD.
c) Clement of Alexandria (215 CE) – Believed the Son to be next to the “only omnipotent Father,” and therefore NOT EQUAL TO GOD.
d) Tertullian (230 CE) – Believed Jesus to be inferior because he was begotten and sent by God, NOT EQUAL TO GOD.
e) Origen (250 CE) – Believed Jesus and the Father to have two separate essences and substances that were NOT EQUAL.
Unlike Judaism and Islam whose articles of faith were laid down by the founders of their respective religions, Christianity’s articles and doctrine were always decided upon in councils and church synods centuries after its founder. The Roman Empire under Constantine was riddled with major political and religious strife. Constantine, a worshipper of the Solen Victus, the conquering sun-god, saw in a vision one day the figure of a cross illuminated by the light of the sun. He immediately interpreted this as a sign from Mithras that he would be victorious on the battlefield. After dealing a crushing blow to the enemy, he apparently converted to the religion of the persecuted Christians although he would not be baptized until years later as he lay dying in his bed.
In 325 CE it was this very Constantine who presided over the infamous Council of Nicea in which Jesus was declared as co-equal, co-eternal, and cosubstantial with the Father and which also laid the groundwork for the doctrine of the Trinity. Most of the 300 bishops present signed the new dogma into effect although many did so hesitantly. The Son of God had now officially become God the Son. This was followed by a mass genocidal campaign of all Christians who did not believe as they were told. Constantine’s leading opponent, Arius, was humbled before the council and promptly anathematized.
One Nazarene sect in particular, the Eubonites, asserted that Jesus was only a servant and chosen Messenger of God who was sent by Him to guide the formal and legalistic Children of Israel into harmony by teaching them the true spirit of the law. The Eubonites did not believe that Christ was divine in any way, and only considered Matthew’s Gospel as authentic while declaring Paul a heretic and an apostate. Due to their strong convictions that Jesus was the true Christ, they elected not to participate in the doomed bar Kokhba rebellion of 132 CE, which promoted Simon “the son of the star” as being the Jewish Messiah. Not long after the failed insurrection, Simon was assassinated by the Romans and declared “bar Koziba,” “the son of the lie.”
You may come across some Christian authors who will claim that the Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) actually came into contact with some surviving remnants of an Eubonite community and was instructed by them to reject Christ’s divinity. Such foolish assertions are backed by not even a shred of historical evidence and causes one to wonder just how this could have even been possible since the entire Eubonite population was systematically exterminated by the Trinitarians shortly after the Synod at Nicea almost 250 years prior to the birth of Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam).
In 381 CE Emperor Theodosius convened the Council of Constantinople to determine the role and nature of the Holy Ghost. After much deliberation, the Council decided that the Holy Ghost was also in fact God, the third of three persons in the Holy Trinity.
The Athanasian Creed, named after a clergyman of the mid-third century, spelled out exactly the dictates of the various Councils: “The Father is God, the Son is God, the Holy Spirit is God, yet not three Gods but one God.” Athanasius was present at Nicea and supported the decree of Constantine and his frightened bishops. Born and raised in Alexandria, Egypt, he became very much influenced by the Pagan Egyptian concept of god as a triad.
The Church credits another theologian from the same period, Augustine, as being one of the chief developers of modern Christianity for his work entitled, On the Trinity.
Rather than rooting out idolatry and Paganism whenever it went, Christianity actually adopted the Paganism and idolatry of various cultures and “Christianized” them as their own. Contrast this to how Islam spread over the globe as a light of shining Truth that was never influenced by any sort of false teaching.
The Christian may take issue with you and claim that Islam’s God, Allah, was actually a Pagan deity of pre-Islamic Arabia [read this: Refuting the Baseless Claim that Allah is a ‘Moon-god’] . Remind him that Allah, the Semitic name of God used by Moses (Elohah) and Jesus (Allaha), was the same deity that the Prophet Ishmael (Isma’eel alayhissalaam) worshipped while he lived in the Arabian peninsula (we will be posting prophecies in Bible regarding the coming of the Kedarite Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) soon In Shaa Allah). This is also the name of God used by contemporary Christian Arabs and Arabic speaking Jews. In its origins the name “Allah” was true but was later corrupted by descendants of Ishmael who had fallen away from the tradition of their forefather Abraham. By contrast, the origins of the triune god were Pagan and later incorporated into Christian theology as the “one true God.” Let your Christian friend see the difference.
Pagan triad deities worshipped in ancient Babylon, Assyria, and Egypt:
a) The triad of Anu, the god of the sky, Enlil, the god of the earth, and Ea, the god of the ocean.
b) The triad of Ishtar, Sin, and Shamash in Babylon.
c) The Hindu triad of Brahma, the creator, Shiva, the destroyer, and Vishnu, the maintainer.
d) The Egyptian triad of Amon-Ra, Ramses II, and Mut.
e) The Egyptian triad of Horus, Isis, and Osiris.
To my Muslim Brethren…
Praise be to the One who has guided us and made us Muslims bowing to His Will. It is truly the greatest tragedy of human history that over a billion Christians stand alienated from the truth of Islam over a theology that is not even found in their own scripture. Help your Christian friends to understand that their theology is outside the tradition of all the mighty prophets and apostles of God that were sent with the same basic message: There is only one God, and Abraham, Moses, Noah, David, Jesus, or Muhammad is the Messenger of God. Help your Christian friends understand that God does not change His spiritual laws because He Himself cannot change. For God to become man or become revealed as three persons is incongruent with the majesty of Him who has created the heavens and the earth.
At the basic level, explain to the Christian why belief in the Trinity has no basis as being from the God of Abraham. Be careful that you do not offend him while attempting to do this. As with the divinity of Christ, belief in the Trinity has always been a personal conviction of faith that the Christian has been enamored with since he was a young boy or girl in the church. As usual, begin on a basic level and use reasonable arguments. I cannot stress enough the importance of freeing Christians from this absolutely false theology, a theology that only beckons to the fire. Emulate our beloved Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) by dealing gently and speaking with humility.
Questions to ask your Christian friends.
1. How can Jesus die as both God and man when his divine spirit survived the cross? If you believe that he was one person with two natures (man and God), then don’t BOTH natures have to die in the same way?? After all, our nature is really who we are. How can he die as God without his divine nature dying that made him God?? Can’t you see that he only died as a man??
2. Why is God never explicit about the doctrine of the Trinity in the Old and New Testaments?? Why would He wait until the fourth century to completely reveal Himself in three persons??
3. Why do you believe that God sacrificed His Son when Jesus was given his life back after three days?? You only sacrifice something when it doesn’t return to you.
4. Did you know that according to Paul, “changing the glory of incorruptible God into an image like that or corruptible man” (Romans 1:22-25) is the cause of homosexuality??
5. Did you know that the only verse in the entire Bible that explicitly mentions Trinitarian doctrine (1 John 5:7) was expunged from all modern Bible translations and deemed a fabrication to the text??
6. Why would Jesus quote the sacred Shema of the Jews found in Deuteronomy 6:4 if he were sent by God to preach the concept of three in one?? Did you know that the word echad that Jesus uses in Mark 12:29 cannot denote any type of plurality when used in reference of God, and this is exactly how the Jews understood it??
7. Did you know that just because Jesus amended the Sabbath, knew people’s thoughts, and had the ability to forgive sins makes him no different than Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) who changed the direction of prayer, abrogated the Sabbath, knew people’s intentions and hidden motives, and forgave sins as well (by the leave of God)?? Don’t you think that prophets could have done these things??
8. Why do Christians claim that Elohim justifies the Trinity when this word literally means “Gods??” Certainly you don’t believe in a plurality of gods, but rather persons of God.
9. Are you aware of the Pagan origins of the triune or triad god?? Did you know that the Trinity wasn’t even firmly established as doctrine in the churches until late in the fourth century CE??
10. Did you know that the name Allah was the same name that Moses and Jesus used to address the Almighty??