Ruling on Writing Abbreviations like S.A.W, R.A, PBUH, A.S, RAH, etc


Many people today have the habit of writing S.A.W, PBUH, A.S, RA, RAH etc. instead of writing the entire Durood Shareef and praise.
This has been declared as disallowed and impermissible by the scholars of Islam.

Imam an-Nawawi ash-Shafi’i al-Ash’ari ﺭﺣﻤﻪ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ, Imam Jalal ud-Din as-Suyuti ash-Shafi’i al-
Ash’ari ﺭﺣﻤﻪ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ, Allama Sayyid at-Tahtawi al- Hanafi al-Maturidi and many other scholars of Ahlus Sunnah have mentioned that Durood such as (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) should not be written in short but rather in full, as to write it in short is impermissible.

‘’The first person who did this, (in other words) wrote the Durood as abbreviation, had his hands cut off.” [Imam Jalal ud-Din as-Suyuti ash-Shafi’i al- Ash’ari ﺭﺣﻤﻪ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ]

ﻣﻦ ﻛﺘﺐ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﺲ ﻡ ﺑﺎﻟﮭﻤﺰﺓ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻴﻢ ﻳﻜﻔﺮ ﻧﻪ ﺗﺨﻔﻴﻒ ﻭ ﺗﺨﻔﻴﻒ ﺍﻧﺒﻴﺎﺀ ﻛﻔﺮ

‘’One who writes Durood and Salaam in such an abbreviated way for any Nabi is an infidel as it
is to make small (shorten) and to do so for the Ambiya is Kufr.’’
[Allama Sayyid Tahtawi ﺭﺣﻤﻪ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ in the Haashia Durr al-Mukhtar that it is from Fatawa Tatar

It is mentioned in Fatawa al-Africa that this law of Kufr only applies to those who intentionally do this with the intent of belittling the Ambiya ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ and it is mentioned that those who write abbreviations today generally do this out of laziness or just to abbreviate and thus the law of Kufr does not apply to them but it is an action that causes one to lose great blessings and is a sign of deprivation.

It is also mentioned in Fatawa Africa;


The Pen (writing) is also a dialect

Allama Tahtawi says;

ﻳﻜﺮﻩ ﺍﻟﺮﻣﺰ ﺑﺎﻟﺘﺮﺿﻰ ﺑﺎﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏ ﺫﻟﻚﻛﻠﻪ ﺑﻜﻤﺎﻟﻪ

‘’In writing, to write the abbreviation of it is Makruh, rather it should be written completely with its splendour.’’

It is thus of utmost importance that we refrain from writing abbreviations for Durood Shareef
and make the effort to write the Durood Shareef in full. Why should we deprive ourselves from
the Mercy of Allah and earn the wrath of Allah?

It is recommended (Mustahabb) for the person who writes out Hadith, that he writes Sallallahu Alayhi wasallam when there is the mentioning of the Messenger of
Allah. He must write it out fully, not merely using abbreviations, (like S.A.W, PBUH etc) and
neither sufficing on one of the two, (meaning you have to say the Salawat and Salaam.)
[Imam an-Nawawi ash-Shafi’i al-Ash’ari ﺭﺣﻤﻪ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ Sharh Sahih Muslim, Vol. 1, p. 39]

What is Preferred to say after writing the names of Allah ﻋﺰﻭﺟﻞ or the Prophet ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ or scholars.

Allah ﻋﺰﻭﺟﻞ
It is preferred/recommended for a person who writes out a Hadith, that at the time he comes
across the mentioning of the Name of Allah to
add after it:
ﻋﺰﻭﺟﻞ A’zza wa Jal
ﺗﻌﺎﻟﯽ Ta’ala
ﺳﺒﺤﺎﻧﻪ ﻭ ﺗﻌﺎﻟﻰ Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala

Tabarak Wa Ta’Ala Jalla Dhikruh or
Tabarak Asmuh or other similar statements.

It is also recommended to add after mentioning the name of the Prophet Muhammad the
following: ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ. This should be written out as it is, without using any abbreviation and using both the “Salah”
and “Taslim” on the Prophet ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ not just the Salah or Taslim.

The Companions ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﻨﻬﻢ Radhiyallahu Anhum
If a Companion is mentioned then it should be used after Him ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﻨﻪ Radhiyallahu Anhu and for Her ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ Radhiyallahu Anha and if he was a companion that his father (When Ibn is
being used) is a companion as well then it should be written ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﻨﻬﻤﺎ Radhiyallahu Anhuma.

The Scholars
The same respect should be used in regard to the scholars by writing and asking Allah ﻋﺰﻭﺟﻞ to be pleased with them and shower them with his Mercy. ﺭﺣﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ or ﺭﺣﻤﻪ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ

All these additions should be written even if they were not mentioned in the original text the
writer quotes or writes from because this is not a narration but a Dua’ (supplication). They should not be bored from repeating doing so because whoever does not pay attention to it will surely miss a great reward and a great blessing.”
[Imam an-Nawawi ash-Shafi’i al-Ash’ari ﺭﺣﻤﻪﺍﻟﻠﻪ in Muqaddimah Sharh al-Sahih Muslim]

May Allah protect us from all our shortcomings and allow us the Taufeeq to accept our weaknesses and shortcomings. May we be
blessed with hearts that accept the truth and may we be blessed with the gift of sincere
repentance. Aameen