Many people have already wondered how everything regarding the end of the world will take place and the preparation of next world?
Allah says in the Qur’an,
“وَتَرَكْنَا بَعْضَهُمْ يَوْمَئِذٍۢ يَمُوجُ فِى بَعْضٍۢ ۖ وَنُفِخَ فِى ٱلصُّورِ فَجَمَعْنَـٰهُمْ جَمْعًۭا.”
“On that Day, We will let them surge like waves over one another. Later, the Trumpet will be blown, and We will gather all people together.”
___ 𝑺𝒖𝒓𝒂𝒉 𝒂𝒍-𝑲𝒂𝒉𝒇, 99
“وَنُفِخَ فِى ٱلصُّورِ فَصَعِقَ مَن فِى ٱلسَّمَـٰوَٰتِ وَمَن فِى ٱلْأَرْضِ إِلَّا مَن شَآءَ ٱللَّهُ ۖ ثُمَّ نُفِخَ فِيهِ أُخْرَىٰ فَإِذَا هُمْ قِيَامٌۭ يَنظُرُونَ.”
“The Trumpet will be blown and all those in the heavens and all those on the earth will fall dead, except those Allah wills to spare. Then it will be blown again and they will rise up at once, looking on in anticipation.”
___ 𝑺𝒖𝒓𝒂𝒉 𝒂𝒛-𝒁𝒖𝒎𝒂𝒓, 68
“… كُلُّ شَىْءٍ هَالِكٌ إِلَّا وَجْهَهُۥ ۚ…”
“… Everything is bound to perish except His Face (Being of Allah)… “
___ 𝑺𝒖𝒓𝒂𝒉 𝒂𝒍-𝑸𝒂𝒔𝒔𝒂𝒔, 88
From these Qur’anic verses its clear that the universe and every single creation in it will be destroyed, every human being will taste death and then resurrected for the next abode. But how will that occur?? will there be a bodily resurrection?? where is the next abode?? Is it already created?? does Heaven and Hell exists already??
Shaykh al-Akbar Ibn al-‘Arabi writes,
“Although the substances (al-jawahir) are exactly the same — for it is they which are poured forth from the graves and raised up (cf. S. 100:9; 35:9) the composition and constitution differ because of accidents and attributes that are proper to the next abode, but not to this.”
___ 𝑭𝒖𝒕𝒖𝒉𝒂𝒕 𝒂𝒍-𝑴𝒂𝒌𝒌𝒊𝒚𝒂𝒉 𝑰 207.13; 3, 284.4
The substances are the fundamental particles in Islamic Philosophy, Theology and Mysticism upon which the contingent existence [of universe] is created. From Shaykh’s statement, it is clear that when everything will be destroyed, the substances that were used previously will remain, and they will be re-used to manifest the next abode in a new way from the attributes of Allah i.e. creation of a different world with different laws and nature.
Allah gives us a hint of that as well in the Qur’an. He says,
“يَوْمَ تُبَدَّلُ ٱلْأَرْضُ غَيْرَ ٱلْأَرْضِ وَٱلسَّمَـٰوَٰتُ ۖ وَبَرَزُوا۟ لِلَّهِ ٱلْوَٰحِدِ ٱلْقَهَّارِ.”
“Watch for the Day when the earth will be changed into a different earth and the heavens as well, and all will appear before Allah—the One, the Supreme.”
___ 𝑺𝒖𝒓𝒂𝒉 𝑰𝒃𝒓𝒂𝒉𝒊𝒎, 48
Shaykh al-Akbār Ibn al-‘Arabi writes,
“God will come in order to decide and to judge; so He will only come under [the guise of] His Name, ‘Light’. The earth will be made radiant with the light of its Lord, and through that light every ‘soul will know its works, the former and the latter’ (S. 82:5), for it will find them present, unveiled by that light.”
___ 𝑭𝒖𝒕𝒖𝒉𝒂𝒕 𝒂𝒍-𝑴𝒂𝒌𝒌𝒊𝒚𝒂𝒉 𝑰𝑰 485.32
Hence we can finally have a good clue at how the next world will be prepared, bodily resurrection and creation of the next abode in a new way but from the same substances, and the coming of the existence of the next abode, heaven and hell after this world will perish. The belief of the creation of the next abode after this world becomes more evident with the concept of Barzakh.
May Allah forgive our sins and unite us all in the Jannah, آمين.
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May Allah bless you and Ibn Arabi r.a.